;UME 44—NUMBER 164 The Byline of Dependability Hope Slar of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Coiibolidalcd January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Little change in temperature this afternoon and tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, APRIL 26, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY azis Retreat in Tunisia Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASH BURN Largest Peach Orchard Passes Safety in Diversification 5^'SFifil Over Ihc weekend you read that the Arkansas Orchards, PJ|lj5J»./ properly near Nashville had been split' up and sold— «i*ji-jiii; n g a 40-year career which had brought fame to High- as the home of "the world's largest peach orchard". The fame of the Nashville •r'.v--^ m lemphis Firms 'in Tax Fight igainsf State till tic The Ruck, April 20 (/!> msas Revenue Department :^||gJOSt in all but minor details loday i!|f£fciJj5Jils effort to collect two per cent Hjl&r'etai 1 sales tax from out-of-state .;;|H|c6ncerns doing business in Arkan! 'M|*SaS. The Supreme Court held such '|^|$|rii;uisaclions were interstate com- g Pulaski chancery, the Tribunal said tho department nol collect sales tax from Memphis, Tcnn., mill supply ?s — J. K. Dilworlh Co., and Crosby Co., — which business relations in state and made mail deliveries lurchascrs in Arkansas, i a third case where a Mem- firm —• IDinswanger and Corn- delivered some goods lo iSf^SAJtkansas purchasers in its owr the Supreme Courl said Ihc icrstatc c o m m c r c e elcmen have been lost and the stale be able to collect the tax. case was remanded with in 'UClions lo develop facts concern "; delivery of goods in Arkansas f ft:l iJ -Ocit try,- "Revcrfu't.''" fX'pa rt jont attorney, said the tax in in this phase of the Bins suit, represented onl ;iKi ; i!;1|ib.oul five per cent of the amoun 0;|the firm was sued on. fXy-JThc attorney said a favorable dc xUciSioii in the three cases would hav ^fi'jjcrmillcd Ih department to col • ; 'rfi1if>cl hclwr-pii $500.000 and SI.000.00 area jr the colorful spectacle of peach lossoms early in the spring, and f the harvest during the- summer, 'ill continue despite the breakup of ic largest orchard. The only con- lusion to be drawn has to do wilh ic big orchard in particular, ralh- r than the peach-growing business i general. And that, is, there is greater safc- y in agriculture, just as in invcsl- icnls and other business, when ou practice diversification. The great Highland orchard was amous for more than a genera- ion. But an agricultural unit de- ending on one crop alone is scl- lom as prosperous and secure as Yiany small units coupled wilh ither crops. The one-crop days of cotton long ifio passed away. Except for cer- ain specific localities like the Im- jcrial and Rio Grande valleys specialization in truck crops alone Iocs not seem to have been particularly successful. This is nol criticism of mere big- icss. The fact is thai, big or little, successful agriculture seems to de- >cnd upon a wise combination of crops—a scries of financial hedges to ward off the accident of weather disease or bad market which is fatal when operations hinge on a single product. In recent years there was steady march toward diversification in Ihc Highland area, Ihe manager of the old Bert Johnson orchard, Glenn F. Wallace, having developed herds or registered Hereford and Guernsey calllc. Like Ihe orchard ilsclf, Ihcsc herds became famous, winning many prizes. Now the big orchard has been subdivided among other owners—but Mr. Wallace will carry on the i i i between $500,000 and $l,000,00i from all out-of-state firm 'i r d$ing business in Arkansas. Abou jtf$j'pO,000 tax was involved in th J ' J " Memphis suits. |$|Gcnlry said he was studying th ijjfijB.cisioiis to determine whether h tib'oukl legally appeal lo the U. E .Supreme Courl. , In holding Ihc transactions in ii terslalo commerce, the courl re ( lied upon ils ruling in a 19;iB cas 'thai Iho 1937 sales lax act did nc 'Impose a "use" tax. The courl said il disagreed wit gqntiy's contention ttial Hie 1941 gross icccipls sales tax law levied more than a sales tax. 'I "Whatever name may be given , to the tax levied in either of the acts, Ihc type of Ihc tax provided ijs essentially the same," said the r^upirmc Courl opinion, written by )'Justice Ed F. McFaddin. "The only changes lh;;l have been made in Ihc tax since 1935 ;havc been with regard to the scope of the lax and the mechanics pi Ihc administration of the law .. find the collection of the tax. We •* think il is absolutely clear that the I gross icccipls lax of 1941, as here involved, is a retail sales lax. . . i ' "The fad that the appellees (The ^cmphis firms) have traveling Salesmen who come into this slate )>to solicit orders is not sufficient, to taKi' the transactions out of interstate- commerce. The sale is not made when the traveling men take the older, but when the order is Accepted and the goods are lyaclcd iv JT.O B cars in Tennessee." Gentry said the Revenue Deparl- iricnl scored a point when the courl said in discussing the ruling in the 103!! case that the tribunal at that tune had not actually ruled on constitutionality of a state use tax. "Whether a 'use 7 lax is constitutional or unconstitutional was nol 'there decided; and Mann vs. McCarroll docs not foreclose the question •— which is* still open before tills court — as to whether a 'use' tax is constitutional; and -any statement therein to the contrary js dicta." Replacement Center at Camp Maxey cattle herds himself. This is all to the good. Nashville and Highland will retain their old fame for fine peaches, with the added security of cattle and other agricultural lines. ' 1 Camp Maxey, Texas, April 2(5 — (/l'i—The public relations office announced today an Army specialized replacement and training camp, handing hundreds of college men from five states, will be opened here this week. The men, between 18 and 22 and nciw in college, will come from Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico. Arkansas and Louisiana to take basic training courses. * Upon completion of Camp Maxcy courses, the men will be allotted to collca^ r ">' f'.iriluT tinny training. Approval of Civil Supply Agency Near Washington, April 2(i — (/P) — Early Senate approval was predicted today for a civilian supply agency measure described by Senator Tal't (R - Ohio), one of its authors', as a stc'p toward clothing Economic Stabilization Director James F. Byrnes with authority that would make him an assistant president. Strongly opposed by WPB Chairman Donald Nelson, the bill would separate civilian supply authority from the War Production Board, giving the new set - up equal claimant powers with the Army a n d Navy. Byrnes would have Ihe final word in .settling disputes over allocations between these agencies. Senator Maloney ID-Conn.) said hi' would attempt lo call up Ihu measure this week and while objections arc expected lo delay its consideration until more Senators return from unofficial Easier vacations, administration lieutenants said there was little doubt Ihc bill would pass later. Byrnes now has wide authority to exercise home front controls which Tal't, said he thought lo bo extended to the point where the former Senator and supreme courl justice could become in fact, if not i n name, tho arbiter of all the disputes arising between agencies concerned with domestic phases of Ihe war prgoram. "What we really need, of course, is a war council similar to the war cabinet formed by President Wilson during Ihe lasl war," Tafl lold reporters. "It seems that we are nol lo have that, bul I believe that Byrnes oughl lo be put in a position where he can settle all of the disputes that arise and not let them go on for months and months as they do now." Nelson's friends have come to regard the bill as a threat to his authority over war production, and Maloney said he knew the WPB was "disturbed" about it, but commented: "There arc a lot more people disturbed the lack of this proposed authority." Demands Trade Veto Powers, Ho) Fight Looms —Washington By JACK ZELL Washington, April 25 —(/P)— A demand by Senate Republican leader MeNary thai Congress assume veto powers over reciprocal trade agreements tightened the lines lo- day for a bitter legislative fight over renewal of Iho administration's authority to negotiate such agreements. MeNary told reporters thai "prolonged political debate" could be avoided and the renewal granted speedily if the administration vould agree to give Congress Hit- right lo nullify within (50 days by majority vote any agreement il did nol approve. Otherwise he said, "it may be argued that il is dis- linclly undemocratic lo prohibit Congress from expressing Ihe pop ular will." Bui Secretary of Slate Hull al ready has made il clear Hint the administration is determined to fight against any amendment at this time when, he said, "we are most concerned that there nol IK Ihe slightest basis for doubt ii steadfast determination to cooper- anyone's mind concerning our steadfast determination to cooper ate fully with like-minded nations ir peace as well as in war." Hull thus confirmed reports ir Congress thai the adminislralior had decided to fight for unamend- ed renewal of the program. (Authority for the reciproca trade program, expiring June 12 is up for a three-year renewal. I was firsl authorized in 1934, anc has been renewed twice for three /•ar periods. Under il, Ihe admin istration can obtain agreement with other nations providing fo tariff reductions up to 50 per cen in return for reciprocal reduction? Still other countries which do nc discriminate against America trade can obtain the same advan tages.) MeNary said he had Icarnc "with surprise and disapproval" the viewpoint "of some of the new deal leaders thai Ihc war effort of the united nations might crack if Congress changed one svord in the present trade agreement act." "Thai implication," the Oregon senator said, "is unworthy of our Allies." Hull's decision to seek renewal without changes reportedly was based on the assumption by administration lieutenants thai they could muster a majority for such a move in House and Senate. If the issue turns on a Partisan basis, however, thai fact mighl have great effect on the result, particularly in the House. Today's WariMap PLANfS BY THE SCOKE .::'•• CAPE::': -. •:••..-.. ••:•'•'•'•'BON.Vv! FERRYVILLE Mateur MET7ACHENI "OTVILLE Tebourba MUNCHAR ^H AMMAN LIF Grombolia GOUBELLAT BIRMEHERGA DJEBEL KEFIACHOUN ALLIED THRUSTS ALLIED THREATS West Front Is Wilting Before American Drive -® —Africa Japs Nurse Ambition to Invade U. S. Schcncctady, N. Y., April 26 — (/I 1 )— Japan's militarists nurse an "overweening ambition" to invade and conquer the United States, Joseph C. Grew, former ambassador to Tokyo, declared today. They must be crushed, he said in a prepared address at Union college's commencement, not only to save the United Slates, but to free the Japanese people from bondage. Grew, a special assistant to Secretary of State Hull, praised "the ... . _ , , / . f UtiJl. UWl(-,«-ll V \JU £±l 1*1111 V¥ «£» contribution of loyal Americans of k)wwn dc£inilclv lo ] lav e commit- (NfIA TolcmapJ Today's war map pictures the American attack in the north and the British attacks on the central Enfidaville fronts in North Africa. The Germans being thrust nearer the sea hourly. Sims Begins Probe of Books of Legislature Little Kock, April 2(5 — (/P) — Comptroller J. Bryan bims set his financial experts to work today auditing accounts of the 1!M3 legislature as a means of replying to legal steps under which House Clerk Jack Machen, Magnolia, collected $2,000 from the slate lasl week. Machen, under an attorney general's ruling, was paid the $2,000 for copying the House Journal. Sims, under authority of a Icgisla- livc resolution, had authorized payment of only §1,200 for Ihe work. "We are making an audit of the T)4th general assembly under our duties as state comptroller," said Sims. "Upon completion of this audit and after a thorough investigation of the law, we will cover in detail all transactions with reference lo expenditures and approval of same under Senate concurrent resolution No. 12." Sims also revealed Ivj had disallowed payment for flowers furnished the legislators during the session and had reduced payment to Parke - Harpre. Little Rock printing company, for printing legislative calendars. The Arkansas Gazette said, however, that the florist and printing company had collected their money dcspile S i m s' action. Canada Revises Ottawa, April 26 —(/Pi— The Canadian government announced yesterday amendments to ils selective servcie regulations allowing it to forbid employers in certai^ non-essential industries to hold draft-age men on their payrolls after a specified dale, unless a special permit is obtained. Pacific Lull Indicates U. S. Offensive Soon By the Associated Press Some indications that the recent lull in the South Pacific is the forerunner to new offensive operations following American occupation of the Ellicc islands were seen by Washington observers today as Allied air forces ringing the Pacific arena continued* their day by day bombing forays. Bombers and fighters roared through a North Pacific storm again Saturday lo blast, al Rocky Kiska in the Aleutians after a two - day interval of fog, the Navy reported yesterday. At. the same time American torpedo and dive bombers paid Munda and other Solomon bases another of their harassing visits. Meanwhile Flying Fortresses held a 2G - minute Easter parade over Wcwak, the Japanese strong point on the north New Guinea coast, and after setting off thunderous explosions al that base, strafed Madan, 100 miles clown the coast. The British announced from New Delhi the Japanese had launched an attack on Allied positions in the Mayu river area of Burma, but iaid there had been no change in the lines, although the fighting continued. RAF bombers hit Rangoon, Burma's chief port, in a night al- lack wrecking a bridge and killing a number of enemy troops. Delayed dispatches said five Japanese planes were destroyed and four other s probably were shut down Sunday when 2, r ) enemy aircraft attempted a raid o n an advanced American air base in Hunan province, China. One of the American planes was damaged. • By WILLIAM B. KING Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April 26 —(/P)—• Germans were reported in retreat today on the American - manned northern sector of the Tunisian front and there were indications that their mouu- tanious west wall was finally giving way. Even as a field dispatch said the Germans had "begun withdrawing from positions before the Second U. S. Army Corps this morning, headquarters announced the French 19th Army Corps, serving, at the "hinge" between the British First and Eighth armies, had won five mountains without heavy opposition and wiped out a German salient that had poked dangerously into Allied lines. A military spokesman said Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim was October 9th is the date annually designated in the Dominion oi Canada ab Thanki'gKini! l»ay. Standard the Uniied lu, iuotj* time was !-.' ' ; ! I u .-; L adopted by 'ii.v res.-; ,\"V. American bombers from China raided the lead and zinc mines al Namtu in Burma, scoring direct hits on the reduction plant and storage sheds. — - — -«• • «*-- Paragouid Girl Wins Essay Contest Little Rock, April 2(5 — (/Pi-Miss Ann Hergel of Paragouid was announced today as first - place winner in the recent statewide American Legion Auxiliary Essay contest. Miss Joy Wiley of Deirks touk second place. Miss Hergel was awarded an encyclopedia. Her essay has been submitted in the national contest for a $100 prize. Cops HoldTHeel To Catch A Heel Arkansas City, Kas. i/Pi —Police believe they have a pretty good clew with which they may trap a burglar. The fellow left his rimes on a porch, apparently when lie tied in terror after being interrupted in his burglary job. The officers arc keeping an eye on the .shoe stores hoping to find a suspicious- appcaring fellow CM^II.H:: his No, 17 ration coupon. Lewis Spurns Invitation to Labor Hearing New York, April 26 — (/!') John L. Lewis, president of, the United Mine Workers, declined today an invitation of the War Labor Board to nominate a labor member to a three - man W L B panel which will hold hearings on the wage dispute between the union and soft coal mine operators. K. C. Adams, press representative for Lewis, said at 0:30 a. in. fliW'H — deadline time for the WLB invitation — that Lewis had no intention of accepting the invitation. The WLB had let it be known thai if Lewis failed lo submit nominations it would set up the full panel and proceed with the case, but on condition thai there be no interruption in the production of coal. Operators' negotiators, representing both northern and southern Appalachian bituminous regions, responded to the WLB's summons and attended a preliminary hearing Saturday. Lewis turned down the summons and offered no explanation. Adams said Lewis would make no official statement until after his international policy committee of 22,"i men held a meeting al 2 p. m. tomorrow. "Al thai lime there will be a a statement with an cxplana lion," he added. A union spokesman asserled "We are not calling any strike vole. If the mines cease operaliim aflci expiration of the contract: (Ihc old contract expired March 1)1 but wat extended 30 days), it is the resull of the miners' resentment over the continuance of Ihi- Little Steel formula as a yardstick masuromcn of granting wage awards as wcl Navy Denies Carrier Ranger Sunk by Nazis Washington, April 2G — (/P) — The Navy denied today German claims that tho aircraft carrier ranger had been torpedoed and sunk in the North Atlantic. "NciUier the ranger or any other Uniied Slales carrier h a s been sunk or damaged in any ocean," a Navy spokesman said. The Berlin radio claims Sunday night that the ten - year - old aircraft carrier had been sunk by a German submarine in the North Atlantic. , < The broadcast asserted a submarine commanded by Lieutenant Commander Von, Buelow attacked the carrier which was employed, Berlin said, in guarding a convoy me across the. Atlantic. Launched at Newport News, Va., :i 193IJ, the Ranger was the firsl \merican naval' vessel specifically lesigned as an aircraft carrier. Dedication of Legion Camp 8 p.m. Tuesday The Leslie llucldlcston American Legion Posl will formally dedicate the Alton CCC camp as a local public camp Tuesday night, at 8 o'clock wilh a fish fry and a speaking program. Principal speakers are Congressman Orcn Harris and Archie Stephens, assistant, director of CCC. Both speakers were instrumental in securing the camp for the local legion. A fish fry will proceed the speaking. Due to rationing the fish fry has been limited to four local club organizations but the public is extended a special invitation lo attended the speaking which begins promptly al 8 p. m. The program follows: Japanese origin. Union college conferred honorary degrees upon 12 persons, including Grew, Governor Thomas E. Dcwcy (R) of New York; Lieut. Gen. Brchon B. Somervcll, chief of the Army's service forces; Senator Walter F. George (D - Ga.) Cecil Brown, racTTo news commentator, and Edward Johrison, director of the Metropolitan Opera company. Grew said "without hesitation or reserve," that "our country, our cities, our homes, are in dire peril from the overweening ambilion of lhat Japanese military machine—a power lhat renders Japan potentially the strongest nation .in the world" he'said the record showed a determination eventually lo invade and conquer the Uniied Slales. "The Japanese people themselves," Grew observed, "have become the slaves of their own army gendarmerie and police." adding: "The only hope Japan can have of freedom is tho hope held ou' by the armed forces of the Unilec nations." Americans wf Japanese orlgit who retain "the good part o Japan's wonderful culture," are "an invaluable clement, in our population," said Grew. "1 welcome their presence," he declared, "and regret the bitter nccssity of imposing on a tursl- worthy and loyal majority of Nisei the steinls which arc made needful by Ihc bad behavior and evil repute of a minority." ed most .of his armor to "fight it jut" against British tanks whiCTi lenetrated the narrow plain east of oubellat, between the French and American sctors. "This is a vital area," the spokesman said. (The possibility of a British jreakthrough in the Goubellat sec- lor, which would slash a path between the Tunis-Bizerte area and the Axis secondary southern defense line based at Pont Du Fans, Zaghouan and Bou Ficha may have influence Von Arnim to order withdrawals on the flanks while he yet had the power for a delaying action.) 'Even before news ot the^azi re- • treat was received, advanced el- mcnts of the Second U. S. Army Corps hdd reached a line three miles cast of Sidi N'Sir and only about 10 miles southwest of Ma- teur, a junction from which highways lead lo both Tunis and Bi- zertc. In a companion action to the north, other Americans captured an important hill called the Dje- bel Nechat El Mazi nine miles northeast of Sedjenane and 30. miles southwest of Bizerte, this in advance slowed both by heavy enemy action and difficult terrain. Wounds of McNair Are Not Critical War-hiimlnn. April 26 (/P) —J.I, Gen. Lesley J. McNair will be in capacitated several weeks as a re sult of the wounds he rccivcd in Tunisia last Friday, tho War Oe- parfinenl reported today, adding that, he was not critically injured. A detailed report just received from Gen. Owighl 0. Kisenhowei "indicates that lie was severely but. not critically injured, " the Army said, when a shell fragment Invocation — Rev. Thomas Brew- i penetrated his hclmol, inflicting ster. | scalp wound. Another fragnicn as failure: of the adminislralioi to police OPA prices and failure to guarantee an future price con Irols." -«*• • «».'Government' Painter Is Lodged in Jail A white man named Joe Moore was arrested here Saturday by city police for representing himself as a 'government man", the department reported loday. According to police he was going from house to house in the negro section of Hope posing as a federal man and charging the negroes a quarter lo paint their mail boxes white. He .was soon reported and arrested by police without formal charge-, and turned over to a U. S. Postal inspector today. Coyote Outrun Jackrabits In Kansas Kansas City (/Pi—The coyote- jackrabbil cycle has swung to the point where there now are more coyotes than jackrabbils in Kansas. Only a couple of years ago the rabbits far outnumbered the coyotes. Whether the coyote increase is responsible for the rabbit decrease is en-.' ivf n-.ivre's UMlc mysteries. Advancing of Colors—Legion Color Guards. Song "America"—Lead by Ted Jones. Introduction of Guests—Master of Ceremonies. Presentation of County. C'ily Officials and Civil Organizations — Master of Ceremonies. Welcoming Address—Mayor Albert Graves. Presentation of Guest Speakers— John P. Vcsey. (a> Archie Stephens, Asst. Director, CCC, Washington, D. C. (b) Congressman Orcn Harris. Principal Speaker. Song "God Bless America"— Lead by Ted Jones. Retiring of Colors—Legion Color Guards. Benediction—Rev, Robert Moore. Workers Return to War Plant Jobs Windsor. Out., April 2(i — i/l'i — Five thousand Ford Motor Company of Canada employees started back to work today at the end of a production tie - up which stopped five industries and caused the idleness of 17,500 workers in plants directly and indirectly responsible for a large part of the British Empire's war requirements fur motor velii'-'le;;. caused a severe shoulder wound "General Me Nair (commandei of all ground forces) was al. a forward observation post in northern Tunisia observing me attack on enemy positinos by elements of an American division," the department said. "This post came under heavy enemy mortar and artillery fire. The general was struck by shell fragments, one of which penetrated his helmet and inflicted a scalp wound, and another caused a severe wound on the shoulder. The stool helmet that he was wearing unHoubtrdly saved his life. Eisenhower said Me Nair would be evacuated from the front within the next day or Iwo and probably would return to the United Slaes in Ihe near future for treatment. Since he will be unable for some lime to resume his duties in Washington, Lt. Gen. BEN Lear will remain in temporary command of the Army ground forces, to which he was ordered when the report was received Me Nair had been wounded. BRITISH PEER DIES London. April 26 — The Duke of Portland, 85, a sporting peer and a great Edwardain, died at his home, Welbeck ASbey, Notting- hampshire, today. The duke had been in failing health for some time. With United Stales Forces in Northern Tunisia, April 26 (/P) — The Germans started withdrawing his morning along the American sector oC Ihc Tunisian front with 10 indications when their move- ncnt would come to an end. (This dispatch was sent fro in the front, at 9:10 a. m. — 4:10 a. m. Central war time. ' (It apparently referred to the same action announced in the Allied headquarters communique today, which said: "In the north, the Second U. S. Army corps captured an important licighl after heavy fighting in the Situ N'Sir sector. The enemy'was forced to withdraw and American troops continue to press on." There was nothing to show definitely whether the d i s- patch or Ihe communique gave the latest word on the situation.) Russian Front Fighting Dies Down in South By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, April 26 — (/P) —Hailed >y heavy losses in their counterattacks in the Kuban delta of the weotern Caucasus, Gorman, forces iroddpcl at various sectors of the long Russian front today, but there were no reports of important engagements and the mid - day communique said nothing of significance had occurred. Both sides waged active scouting operations on almost, all fronts and the communique said 100 Germans were killed during a minor action on the Donets river front and 70 more in a light engagement on the western front. There was scattered artillery activity Apparently the temporary activity were of Rostov had died down as there were no further reports of operations in this area As far as the news was concerned this seemed the quietest day of Ihe year. The Russian people meanwhile, were keeping posted on the situation created by Ja- panaese treatment of the American fliers in their hands. More than half of all lend-lease supplies exported in 1942 were military items. Vanilla is the cured pod of one of the urchid family of plants.
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