Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on March 10, 1976 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Wednesday, March 10, 1976
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Page 3
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Carroll Daily Times Herald Comment & Feature Page Inside Report Wednesday, March 10,1976 Foreign Aid Proviso In stamping its approval on a $5.39 billion foreign aid appropriations measure, the House of Representatives gave the- administration nearly everything it asked for plus a few things it had not requested. One of the latter was an amendment which would require a cutoff in future aid to any country which was in arrears by one year or more in its repayment of prior obligations. Although the final bill, including the amendment, passed the House by a large margin (229-139), acceptance of the aid cutoff provision by the Senate is doubtful. If the Senate's version of a foreign aid bill does not include that feature, the two bills would'go to conference to iron out the differences. In that event, it is likely the amendment would be dropped. Inclusion of the amendment by the House demonstrates that chamber's dissatisfaction with the repayment record of a number of foreign aid recipients. If the amendment accomplishes nothing else, it at least puts the House on record on the issue of repayment and should prompt greater activity by the Executive to insure foreign assistance obligations are upheld. Senate Leadership Exits Plans for retirement announced . by Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield mean the 95th Congress convening next January will find new faces at the helms of both political parties in the Senate. Sen. Hugh Scott, minority leader, announced his retirement intentions earlier. Challenges between conservatives and liberals are shaping up in both parties for replacements in the leadership posts. West Virginia Senator Robert C. Byrd, assistant majority leader, has announced his candidacy for the Democratic party leader, as has Sen. Edmund Muskie of Maine. On the Republican side, Texas Sen. John Tower and Sen. Robert P. Griffin of Michigan are likely candidates for leadership of their party. Griffin, Tower and Byrd already hold various leadership offices. If any of them is chosen for a top post, the changes in party leadership would extend further. In the Senate, perhaps more so than in the House, the leadership has much to do with the shape of emerging legislation. The personalities who become the new leaders will carry a heavy responsibility. Bribery Aftermath Damaging though revelations of 'bribes paid by some American businesses to gain foreign contracts have been, the aftermath could present further problems. Japan and several other countries have requested the names of their nationals involved in bribe efforts and, after mulling over the request, the Ford administration has agreed to supply them — with the proviso that the names be kept secret unless criminal prosecutions are involved. With all due respect to that arrangement, it is unlikely in the extreme that the names could be kept under wraps once they are released. But in either case, the governments whose countires were mentioned in the revelations obviously are embarrassed by the stigma. That embarrassment in some cases might well trigger cooler relations with the United States. It should be remembered that bribary and influence peddling have developed into something of an art in some countries. Spotlighting the practice with publicity might well anger a number of influential foreign citizens. Politics could enter the revelation aftermath, with opposition politicians in other lands castigating those names in American testimony for doing what they themselves might do had they been in a position of influence. The final chapter in this' sorry business copld be a long one. Viewpoint Little Weight By Ray Cromley WASHINGTON - (NEA) — William R. Keech and Donald R. Matthews, who are associated with the prestigious Brpokings Institution, are about as cynical as two men can be on the influence newsmen play in presidential nominations. "The myth of objective reporting," they conclude in a recent book, "leads to political news that focuses attention on what candidates do — often meaningless events staged for the benefit of the media — and what they ' say. Speculation about who is ahead and what will happen tomorrow too often passes for analysis." Yet it is, of course, the press and TV "who shape • mass perceptions of who is ahead, who : is fading or gaining, who is hopelessly behind. And these perceptions have . profound effects on the raising of • political money." The significance of this, of course, is that a candidate dropped by the press in the early days of the campaign may have his funds dry up faster than a puddle on a boiling summer day — and his candidacy ends forthwith. ' Yet the press that is so influential in , the nominating phase of politics "comprises a relatively small group of individuals." A consensus on the characteristics and qualifications of i potential candidates tends to develop within this group. And what they write about candidates and potential candidates "strongly influences what the rest of the mass media says..." Thus a strong feeling and much ' publicity on who are front runners ; develops before the first series of ; primaries take place. . The danger of such early decision-making by this tiny inner ; group is inherently dangerous, Keech and Matthews seem to imply, not only in its effect on money raising. In their ; analysis of who has been nominated for president by both parties over the years, they bring out that with few ' exceptions, those perceived as front' . runners in the early stages of the, race ; for the nomination have ended up the party's nominees regardless of who 'Won the primary races. This has been The Microwave Affair By Roland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON - President Ford's administration has removed some electronics intelligence equipment from the U.S. embassy roof in Moscow in return for reduced Soviet microwave bombardment of the embassy* — a top secret effort to avoid an open rupture of U.S.-Soviet relations. Intensified electromagnetic radiation beamed at the embassy to interrupt U.'S. intelligence-gathering has produced repeated complaints that embassy personnel, including Ambassador Walter Stoessel. have been physically harmed. The Soviet government refused even to acknowledge the microwave attack, much less stop it. Thus, the Ford-Kissinger policy of detente was seriously threatened on'a peripheral issue. The result is what critical officials high in the Ford administration call "hand-wringing" diplomacy. Instead of outright U.S. demands that the Soviets observe the bounds of cfvilized behavior, a bargain of sorts has now been secretly struck. Some electronics equipment on the embassy's roof used to penetrate confidential Soviet communications has been removed. In return, electromagnetic radiation at the embassy has decreased. However, radiation remains above minumum safety standards, and the matter is by no means closed. Many nuances and implications of this hi)sh-hush affair are not fully known; nor is its ultimate outcome. But critics within the administration believe Mr. Ford and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger are following tactics that have probably failed in past confrontations with the Kremlin. The Soviets began directing microwaves at the U.S. embassy in the early 1960s, obviously as a countermeasure against electronic spying. By contrast, the U.S. has followed the normal diplomatic practice and dealt indirectly with similar electronic spying from the Soviet embassy in Washington — never by beaming microwaves against the Russians. That the radiation in Moscow was above the Soviets' own safety-standard has for years been the subject of innumerable conferences high in the government. President Johnson raised the matter at Glassboro, N.J.. in 1967 with Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Advice true, they assert, of both Republicans and Democrats. Neither Keech or Matthews are impressed, in fact, that primaries have any great influence on who is nominated. Keech has for years been fond of pointing out that in 1952, Estes Kefauver had won nearly all the primaries; ye't-his peak in delegate support was 29.6 per cent on the second ballot. / "Only once since 1936," Keech and Matthews say, "have the primaries contributed to the downfall of a candidate who was likely to win nomination before they were held, and only once have they led to the emergence of a nominee who was otherwise unlikely to be chosen. Both events occurred in 1972 when the Democrats nominated McGovern." The two researchers concede, however, that the New Hampshire .primary may have been influential in the Truman and Johnson decisions not to run for reelection. The'men have been convinced in their research that public opinion polls are a much more accurate guide to victory at the nominating conventions than primary results. In more cases than one, they say, who's ahead for the nomination is clear from the polls'at the start of the nominating year. And the leader, though he may stumble, usually • goes on to win. If the race is broad and leadership uncertain, primaries may confuse the issue all the more; but the polls, Keech and Matthews believe, rather clearly track the slipping back of this candidate and that and the gains won by others — so that by convention time it is ajmost always clear who the winner will be. In reading Keech and Matthews, one comes away with the uneasy feeling that we the voters know all too little about the men nominated — that, by and large, they fit a pattern — usually vice presidents or senators and, infrequently of J'ate, governors. Sometimes generals. We are told a great many superficialities about each. More than we care to know. But very little of«ubstance. Leaks Patient Information By Abigail Van Buren . DEAR ABBY: What protection does a hospital patient have from nosy hospital personnel who divulge a patient's confidential information to their friends? I live next door to a gossip monger whose sister-in-law has access to medical records at a local hospital. Recently I was a surgical patient there, and I purposely did not disclose the nature of my surgery to anyone excepting my immediate family. This neighbor admitted learning the specific details of my case from her sister-in-law, whom I've never even met. When I told this neighbor that I resented the invasion of privacy, and that medical case histories were supposed to be confidential, she ridiculed me for being so "secretive." How does a person deal with such an obvious invasion of privacy? Or has this become so commonplace that it is now legal and socially acceptable? INFURIATED DEAR INFURIATED: I hope that publication of this letter will cause hospital administrators to impress upon their employes and volunteers that all patients have a right to privacy, and violation of confidentialities should be grounds for immediate .dismissal! DEAR ABBY: Out of the blue, for no reason whatsoever, my husband decided to destroy all of our credit cards! He could just as easily have put them away to be used only in case of emergency, such as unexpected Health Blood Sugar By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D • DEAR DR." LAMB -*I had a cbrnplete' physical about three months ago when I retired. Everything was fine except the doctor told me that I had an indication of a sugar problem and gave me a five-hour glucose tolerance test. The third-hour sugar reading was 174 and he said it should be 124 or less. I weight 180, am 5-feet-9 and 63 years old. The doctor told me only to watch my sweets and maintain a 1500 calorie diet and have my blood checked in a year. How serious is 174 for the third hour? Since I have now moved to Texas should I wait a year, or find another doctor now? Also, I asked my doctor if I should check my urine and he said it wouldn't show in urine tests. DEAR READER — It is true that a reading of 174 three hours after ingesting glucose (sugar) is high. The interpretation of the results, though; must be dependent upon all the facts in the case. Were you properly prepared for the test by eating adequate amounts of carbohydrates and sweets for three days before testing? If a person avoids carbohydrates and tries to lose weight because he is going to have a checkup, he may have an abnormal test result that resembles diabetes which is a response to the diet he has been on. Blood sugar (glucose) values vary a lot depending on the method used for the chemical analysis of the test. Certainly 174 is not in the danger range but it is far from normal. You might have sugar in your urine because I presume your blood level may be even higher in the first hour after taking the glucose. If the level is round 170 or higher, sugar can spill into the urine. expenses. I work just as my husband does, and I pay my share of the bills, so I think I should have had a say in this matter. But he just made up his mind and destroyed all our credit cards. What should I do? UPSET IN TEXAS DEAR UPSET: Since you are employed, you can have credit cards issued in your name! The Equal Opportunity Act (passed in October 1975) gives you that right. DEAR ABBY: How can I get my 15-year-old son to respect me? His daddy has taught him to cut me down. (My son has been taught by my husband that Daddy never makes a mistake or never does anything wrong. But he sits on his bucket and never lifts a finger to help me with the housework even though I am crippled with rheumatoid arthritis.) My doctor refuses to get involved in family affairs. When I asked him to please say a few words to my husband for my health's sake, he said, "I am a physician, not a referee." Our preacher is very young and says that he's had no training in marriage counseling so he can't help me. Besides, he won't even talk to people who do not tithe, and my husband is one of them. Don't send us on a goose chase for counseling. This bull-headed husband of mine refuses to talk to anybody about his personal affairs. All he wants to do is yell at me. Please help me because my son is getting to be just like his daddy. Divorce is out. He's got his good points. NERVOUS WRECK DEAR WRECK: Sorry, but counseling is my recommendation. And if you can't get your husband to go. go alone. You need to learn how to cope with a bull-headed husband. Kosygin. who disclaimed any knowledge of microwave bombardment. However, the U.S. decided not to press its grievance. What changed this was a drastic increase in electromagnetic radiation at the embassy in Moscow within the last 24 to 36 months. The main purpose of that increase is believed to be counter-measures against electronic eavesdropping devices in and on top of the embassy. But U.S. intelligence sources believe the Soviets might also be pursuing one or all of three other purposes: First, actual physical harm to U.S. personnel (which some embassy employes claim has afflicted many embassy officials, including Ambassador Stoessel); second, psychological trauma, rendering employes unable to function effectively (which has clearly happened); third, to activate sensors secretly placed inside the embassy to record conversations for Soviet ears (which has not yet been confirmed). No protest was made to Moscow after the radiation level increased, but word inevitably began leaking through Washington. Attempting to plug the leaks, high State Department officials argued privately that disclosure might generate damage suits against the government from embassy employes with claims of illness. Far more significantly, these officials continued, disclosure would compromise the embassy's electronics intelligence. Indeed, after the Boston Globe's William Beecher revealed the increased microwave bombardment and Stoessel's illness, Soviet diplomats in Washington began a campaign of whispering to American newsmen about the Moscow embassy's electronic spying. Faced with growing leaks of secret information in the press, the administration moved publicly and privately. Publicly, an electioneering President Ford finessed the issue: his only public statement came in a Feb. 8 press conference at Durham. N.H.: "I have heard rumors concerning it. but I don't think it is a matter that ought to be discussed at this point." Privately, the U.S. turned to Dr. Kissinger's "quiet diplomacy." the full nature of which is unknown but clearly included removal of embassy electronic equipment and accompanying reduction of microwave bombardment. Officials critical of "quiet diplomacy" believe State Department 'emissaries should have pounded the table instead of wringing their hands: should have loudly informed the Russians that violating the sovereignty of an embassy is an intolerable breach of international conduct. Thus, the microwave affair transcends U.S. intelligence operations and even a hoped-for successful conclusion of diplomatic efforts. Faced with blatant provocation, the U.S. government did not react until after public disclosure, and then employed shrouded maneuvers to smother and smooth the trouble. The implications have not been lost on the Kremlin. Fighters Answer to Previous Puzzle Congressional Report Postal Service Suit by Congressman Tom-Harkin I have brought suit, with 43 other Members of'Congress, against the U.S. Postal Service to prevent the closing of hundreds of "unprofitable" rural post offices across the country. There is a rural development issue at stake here-. The small community which loses its post office, loses more than mail service. It loses its identity. Too frequently in these cases, the town without a post office simply gets lost to the outside world. It loses what chance it had to attract new business. It does not appear on most road maps. In a generation, it becomes a ghost town. These are proud communities. The 15 small towns slated for post office closings in this Congressional District (more than any other Congressional District in Iowa!) have an average population of 110 souls. Shambaugh, for example, is the birthplace of the National 4-H movement, clear back to the days when the 4-H clover had only three leaves! And I'm sure each of the towns on the Postal Service's "drop list" is .a deeply rooted in our rural traditions, with a proud local history. On the other side of the coin, the Postal Service is in deep financial trouble ^- no question. I place the blame for this squarely on the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970, which tried to make the Post Office "run itself like a business." With a deficit of $438 million in 1974. the Service has shown that it does not "run like a business." In my opinion, it cannot. The hard economic fact is, if the Post Office is required to run at a profit, then sooner or later it must abandon all rural mail service. And now we are no longer talking about towns of 100 souls, but populations of 1.000 and 3.000 and 8.000! It is time to realize that just as we don't rnake the fire station or police station run at a profit, the local post office provides an essential service which should be funded — at least in part — by all the people of this country through payments from general • revenues. DAILY TIMES HERALD 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMESW.WILSON, Publisher W.L.REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1697. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for republicatlon of all the local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City • Subscription Rates • By carrier delivery per week „$ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties In Zones 1 and 2 per year $23.00 All Other Mail In the United , ' States, per year — $27.00 ACROSS 1 Men-at- 5 Rank and, 9 In action 10 River in" Venezuela 14 Small drum 15 City in Sicily 16 Have existence 17 Somewhat (suffix) 19 Rose product 20 Night before 21 Chemical suffix 22 Hireling 26 Seed vessel 29 State positively 30 Eggs 31 Possess 32 River in Manchuria 33 Defraud 34 Frank 35 No matter which 36 Turkish infantry soldier (var.) 38 Lettuce 39 Lawyer (ab.) 40 Most suitable 43 Literary collection 44 Greek v goddess of. dawn 47 Enlisted man 49 Browbeating fellow 51 Plead 52 Negatively charged particle 53 Diminutive suffix 54 Rend DOWN 1 At a distance 2 Outer garment 3 Low 4 Contend 5 French marshal (1851-1929) 6 Irish revolutionary group (ab.) IP10IUINIDI 7 Form of prayer 8 Growing out 9 Indonesian ol Mindanao 11 Canadian province (ab.) 12 Secretive group (ab.) 13 Boat paddle 18 Spanish ladies 20 Beige color 21 Ol a Near East region 22 Indian ol Yucatan 23 Man's name 24 Trust 25 English river 26 Family member (coll.) 27 Finished 28 Gainsay 31 Army 36 City in Illinois 37 " Mater" 38 Framework of a military unit 40 Verbal suffix 41 Oxford tutor 42 Knead (Scot.) 43 Commedia dell 1 44 Essayist Lamb 45 Swan genus 46 Together (comb, form) 48 Consume 50 French article

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