Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on October 10, 1949 · Page 6
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 6

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, October 10, 1949
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Page 6
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EDITORIALS What Should Be Length of Our Working Week? rpHE goal of a shorter work day and ,-*- shorter work week announced at the meeting of the policy-making executive council of A. P. L. in St. Paul this week raises the question of what ultimately will be accepted as "par" in this matter. The present 8-hour flay backed up by legal sanction, is the fruit of an effort which began almost with the beginning of our republic. In view of the accepted fact that true wealth stems from only one thing—production—what is the working time essential for the nation's greatest industrial output? Is it the present 40-hour, 6-day week. Or is it the 35-hour week mentioned in current discussions? We're not attempting to answer this question. But we are saying that for the ultimate good of our nation, it must have some most earnest consideration. A fat pay envelope has little meaning unless it can be converted into food and goods in good measure. Look Out Below! STAR REPORTER new call for a reduced work week, as we have suggested, is in line with a ti'end in evidence since the cradle days of American industry. As early as 1791 — 2 years after the adoption of the constitution, journeymen carpenters of Philadelphia struck against the master carpenters for shorter hours, finally getting an agreement that "in the future a day's work amongst us shall be deemed to commence at 6 o'clock in the morning and terminate at 6 o'clock in the evening of each day." Hardly had the 12-hour day won gen- erela recognition when a movement began, in 1825, for a 10-hour day. The building trades in Washington, New York, and Baltimore conducted the first successful strike for this shorter work day in 1833. A general strike in Philadelphia in 1835 established the shorter day there, and the example was quickly followed by organized workers elsewhere. fTlHE campaign for an 8-hour 'day grew •*- out of, and in part overlapped, the 10- hour movement. It was launched in the 1860's by • Ira Steward, whose "Grand 8- Hour leagues" sought state and national laws making the 8-hour day mandatory. The new AFL gave support to Steward's movement, adopting a resolution for reducing the work-day to 8 hours at its 2nd annual convention in 1882. The AFL selected the carpenter's union to make the first stand in 1890, and the strike called was successful. Despite a series of strikes for shorter work days in the next 2 decades, the average number of hours fixed in trade union agreements by 1907, the first year for which figures are available, was a fraction over 50 a week. General acceptance of the 8-hour day, 48-hour week was not achieved until soon after the outbreak of World war I. "DY 1930, organized labor as a whole had -*-J achieved the 8-hour day, with Saturday a half holiday. The 5-day week appears to have been first adopted in 1908, when a spinning mill in New England adopted this schedule to permit its workers to observe the Jewish sabbath. Although progress toward this standard was rapid during the depression of 192933, the basic 40-hour week was not securely established until congress enacted the fair labor standards (wages and hours) act in 1938. Yet as early as 1933 the senate had passed the bill of Senator Hugo Black (D., Ala.), for a 6-hour day, 30-hour week. Instead of this drastic proposal, congress enacted that year the more flexible national industrial recovery act (N. R. A.). According to the U. S. department of labor, the average work week in all manu- ' factoring industries in 1909 was 51 hours. For May, 1949, it was 381/2 hours—a reduction of 12^ hours and almost 25 per cent in 40 years. Your Carrier Boy H AVE you ever watched the blizzard- driven snow or chilling sleet beat against the window alongside your comfortable easy chair—and wondered whether your newspaper carrier boy would win his fight against the elements this day? And, of course, your question was answered in the affirmative. ' Even when the weather is gentle, the job performed by this "young merchant" —on foot or on bicycle—is no sinecure. It calls for dependability and a high sense of duty. He must work while others play. Quite appropriately this final day of National Newspaper week has been set aside to honor the carrier.'It's your chance to give your "paper boy" a pat on the back for his part in making America's the best Informed public in the world, The day's best example of picturesque language comes from the lips of Sir Wilmott Lewis of the London Times staff in Washington. "I see they've devalued the atomic bomb, too," he observed. IT'S BEEN SAID: By sadness you destroy the divine image in your soul. God is joy. All nature rejoices in Him, and would you be sad? A true joy makes the heart fear God.—Nicholas Lombez. "Birds Late in Flying South," says a headline. One theory is that they're waiting around to see who wins the world series. Memo to Workers: It takes all sorts of fools to make a world—including the kind that won't use safety devices. Russian affection is a fleeting article. Now Moscow is referring to Tito as the "Belgrade dwarf." Nature is turning over a lot of new leaves. And that isn't all. It's up to somebody to rake 'em. Many a second-hand car is accepted with somebody's kindest depreciation. Simile: Unpredictable as the bounce of a football. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges A Mutual Responsibility New York World-Telegram: The principle of sharing by employer and employes in the costs is embodied in the government's social security program, in the federal workers' retirement plans and in th(> railroad retirement law. We think it's a sounder, safer principle than the one advocated by the steel fact-finders. War on Bigness Atlantic News-Telegraph: If the United States government is going to attack everything which can be classed as big just because it is big, it is going to cause a great deal of trouble for both herself and her citizens. Watch School Signs Estherville News: This is the season io remind automobile drivers not to drive through school warning and stop signs and to respect the loading and unloading of school buses. Don't maim or kill a child. Stronger Labor Laws Marshalltown Times-Republican: The more Murray and Reuther imitate John L. Lewis in his labor monopoly the sooner congress will take note and protect the public with stronger labor laws. Old Home Town Fairmont Sentinel: If you really want to get acquainted with the old home town, take part in a financial campaign some time. You'll be amazed at some of your experiences. Britain's Government Estherville News: After the collectivists have wrecked Britain then maybe the sensible people of the island will get together and elect a government of horse sense. . America's Biff Problem Washington Journal: Our chief national problem is to pay for our last wars and at the same time lay by enough money to pay for the next one. Quarterbacks Estherville News: Surprising that a coach ever has to fumble for the right quarterback. The stands are filled with 'em, every game. Fewer Fatalities Garner Leader: Someday there will be fewer fatalities on our highways and we hope that we will be alive at that time. Observing From Ike Eisenhower b cite as the perfect example .of what sometimes happens to a significant speech the recent handling of an address by Gen. Ike Eisenhower on the subject of security. The talk was boiled down to about 2 inches with this opening paragraph: "The best example of perfect security," the university head said in opening Columbia's 196th year, "is a man serving a life term in a federal prison." It's to be hoped that the undergraduates heard a little more of what General Eisenhower said than the reporter who covered the story. The gist of his story was that they should be more interested in opportunity than in mere security. That's the American way. Perhaps a larger audience of Americans could with profit have heard these words of wisdom from a great commander and a great educator. Such would have been the case if the reporter covering the speech and the news agencies involved had been a bit more alert. Mrs. Roosevelt at 65 k note that Eleanor Roose• velt is to reach her 65th birthday Tuesday (Oct. 11). She isn't young anymore. Neither, however, is she old, even compared with first ladies of other times. Sixty per cent of them have lived past the 65 year mark. In fact 6 of them—Mrs. Polk, Mrs. Garfield, Mrs. Cleveland (later Mrs. Preston), Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, the second Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt and Mrs. Taft— lived into their 80's. Dolly Madeson reached 77. Mrs. Roosevelt is a woman of uncommonly rugged health at 65. There's every reason to beb'eve she Has a great number of good years ahead of her. If 1 Had a Million Dollars ; thank Kenneth Waughtal, reared in Mason City and long identified with the Kayenay Engraving company here but now a business man in Denver, to thank lor passing along this interesting little piece by one George W. Olinger under the heading: "If I Had a Million Dollars:" "If I had a million, I would, quietly search for those elderly women, most of them mothers, who through no fault of their own are obliged in their sunset years, to go out to work washing, scrubbing, dusting the offices and homes of others. "These heroic souls who must earn their way to the end of the trail, whose gray hair is the symbol of America's best womanhood, desire only the peace and contentment of a home, and freedom from worry, work, and fear. "Build, if you will, your great monuments and memorials; give your bonuses to the returned soldiers, who are still able to work; but surely no individual, city or state could do better than to provide generously for those who have given so much to so many and who ask in return so very little." Informction, Please! 1. What is the October birthstone? 2. Who was the last president from Virginia, "the mother of presidents?" 3. What metal is the best conductor of electricity' 4. What password allowed All Baba to enter the cave of the 40 thieves, in "The Arabian Nights?" 5. What does the feast of the Passover commemorate? Answers—1. The opal or tourmaline. 2. Woodrow Wilson. 3. Silver. 4. "Open sesame." 5. The passing over Jewish homes of the angel of death who took the firstborn of every Egyptian family before the Exodus. To Your Health! Roving Reporter MotheF ° ftheYe|I °* L|ne *^ • ^•^k. Ipnrn thnf +Vif> rvrioinatnv Editorial of the Day CAPITAL FANTASY O TTUMWA COURIER: A year ago—in September, 1948—nameless ghostlike figures began flitting through Washington corridors. Whispers filtered to the ears of men and women who hold the fate of the nation in their daily decisions on the floors of congress. The country was traveling toward ruin 'because of these creatures without names. Terrifying thoughts enslaved the minds of the people because of the invasion of these unseen figures. Then on to the scene came a knight in shining armor. His sword was unsheathed, his steed spurred for the charge. He gave these enemies names, but no souls or bodies. The fat ones were "gluttons of privilege." The slimmer ones who had shoes were "special interests." There were a few "old mossbacks." For a year, the knight has been charging. The "gluttons of privilege" were speared; the "old mossbacks" were easy victims. Now the charge is against the "special interests," but they have shoes —not so easily crushed. These "special interests" keep fading through closed doors; the knight keeps charging. This was a "Washington fantasy," the moral of xvhich is best described by President Truman's words at Dexter, Iowa, Sept. 18, 1948. He asked: "How many times do you have to be hit on the head before you find out what's hitting you?" Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Cub-Gazette—Bill Thompson, head of the cheer leader aggregation, assisted by Max Major, Don Marshall, \Lafe Stueland, Bob Wallace and Arnold Rivedal; have 100 per cent support of both M.C.H.S. and M.C.J.C. this year according to administrators and coaches. Pep assemblies, either forenoon or afternoon, with the pep band of 14 members, directed by J. J. Fitzgerald, have been held weekly. 20 YEARS AGO "The Piper's Pay," a one act comedy by Margaret Cameron, will be presented by members of the drama department at the first general meeting of the Mason City Woman's club tomorrow afternoon. The cast will include Mrs. W. H. Biederman, Mrs. John Dibble, Mrs. Richard Romey, Mrs. B. B. Bagley, Mrs. Fritz Olsen, Mrs. Leland W. Spickard, and Mary Jane Bogardus. Following the play, members of the hospitality committee will serve tea. 30 YEARS AGO Clear Lake—One hundred and thirty thousand square feet of beautiful wooded land on the shore of Clear Lake, Iowa, have oeen purchased by .the Iowa-Clear Lake club, and work already has begun to improve the property with 24 up-to-the- minute cottages, a community dining hall, an assembly hall and 20 auto stalls. They will each have running water, sewage, electric light and modern toilet facilities The site of the buildings is 40 feet above the lake level. 40 YEARS AGO Mrs. Frank Barney was the hostess yesterday afternoon, at her home West of the city to the members of the Home Department club. A splendid program was given, there being both musical and elocutionary numbers. After the program light refreshments were served, and those present were much pleased with the afternoon. By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. GAS COMPLAINT T HE patient who complains that he suffers from gas may mean any one of a variety of things. One will use this term simply to mean belching; to another, it indicates bloating or a feeling of pressure and distention within the abdomen, while to a third it signifies the passing of an excessive amount of gas. Any or all of these symptoms may be present without any eivdence of indigestion. On the other hand, they may sometimes be due to disease. Contrary to the usual belief most of the gas in the bowel is not due to fermentation of food, but comes from swallowed air. DR. BUNDESEN Many people swallow a great deal of air in the process of eating or drinking. The oxygen and carbon dioxide in the air is readily absorbed by the blood when it reaches the intestines, but the nitrogen from this swallowed air is not so absorbed and must go through the bowel to be expelled. It is also possible that some of the gas in the bowel may be due to an excretion of gas from the blood, which sometimes occurs under pressure of extreme emotion. The residue of gas from swallowed air does not ordinarily cause any difficulty in the intestine. If it reaches this point, it is easily and painlessly expelled, but swallowed air can be responsible for repeated belching. Belching may also be a.sign of gallbladder disease and it likewise occurs in some cases of heart failure. Bloating or swelling of the bowel from gag may be due to overeating or to sensitivity to foods. In either case, it becomes noticeable three to four' hours after eating. Foods which may often be responsible for this condition are: Eggs, milk, melons, cabbage, apples, beans, cucumbers, radishes and chocolate. Bloating may also be due to constipation, the drinking of hot or cold liquids, and gallbladder disease. In treating these various disorders, the first thing to do is to determine whether or not the person has an extra amount of gas in the bowel and to find the cause of any excess gas. If the condition is due to the eating of some irritating food or some sensitivity to food, an effort must be made to ascertain just which foods may be causing the difficulty so that they may be avoided. Constipation may be relieved by the proper use of enemas or injections in^o the lower bowel. A person who swallows a great deal of air must be taught how to avoid this practice. Since this may be a nervous habit, occurring especially in those who are emotionally upset, relaxation and relief of tension will often cause it to disappear of itself. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS J. E. M.: Will you please tell me what foods to avoid in hyperacidity? Answer: Foods that a'ct as stimulants, such as spices and coffee, as well as alcoholic beverages, should be avoided. Very hot or very cold foods should not be used. All foods should be thoroughly cooked; mincing of foods is helpful. They'll Do If Every Time By Hal Boyle WOMEN'S DIVIDED HOUSE N EW YORK, (AP)—Do American housewives want government handouts? Well—yes and no. The girls are as divided on this question as on any other. A few days ago I wrote a piece pointing out that legislatures have sadly overlooked the most important figure in our civilization—the housewife. They fret about the problems of the businessman, set limits to -the stint of the laboring man, and vote cash on the barrel head to protect the farmer against rainy days. But for the woman with the mop, they have voted no 40-hour week, no cash subsidies, no benefit payments, no bonuses for raising the nation's chief crop—children. Well, should congress and President Truman set up a new cabinet post—secretary of the home? Should housewives get pensions? Scores of women across the land dropped their dust cloths, sat down and wrote me how they felt. And their answer as to whether the government owed them anything boiled down to this: 1—"Yes, of course." 2—"No, naturally." One mother wrote objecting "to the prevailing sense of values which excludes from economic consideration the work of the home woman." Her idea was that mothers mold the character of future citizens, and should be paid in some way by the state for this important function. Mrs. Sue Persons of Mandan, N. Dak., thought it might be simpler if women just did more to solve the problems of government and international politics—even against male objections that they are "getting too big for their unmentionables." "We have had a lot of experience cleaning up messes before," she added firmly, "and we couldn't make a worse muddle." An Illinois wife observed: "The housewife should be considered by the government. Possibly a pension plan or a week's: holiday at the government's expense to do a little traveling. Of course I would suggest a set time for the pensions to start—after 25 years of faithful devotion." On the other hand, Mrs. Irene Pilackas of Chicago Heights, 111., said flatly: "We absolutely do not want any handouts from Washington." "We'd be sure to lose not only our independence to clean house how and when we please, what to cook, when to spank, what to say to the better half, but we'd have to pay some jerk 5 pei; cent for telling us off. "The woman who has children and a home never mopes or is frustrated. We're too busy. We don't want any special recognition. We reap our rewards as we go along." And besides, said Mrs. Pilackas, "we are the power behind the throne, and that's where we intend to stay. "So . . . please leave the American housewife alone, or we'll start a down-with-Hal Boyle movement—and then you'll be sorry." Yes, ma'am!!!! Who brought the subject up anyway? learn that the originator of the idea of marking a line in the center of the highway as a bar against passing was Dr. June Carroll of Indio, Cal. She conceived the idea after being crowded off the road a couple of times. First she got the woman's club of Indio to indorse the idea, then other California women's clubs. Finally, in 1924, the state tried the idea on a 5 mile strip of road. And from that time on it's been one of the greatest boons to driving. Did You Know? THE DAY'S BOUOUET To STATE BRAND CREAMERIES, INC. —for spearheading the dairy queen contests throughput North Iowa and at the finals in Waterloo at the Dairy Cattle congress by buying for §350 the queen's first pound of prize butter. The contests provided a worthwhile way of publicizing one of Iowa's important agricultural products. By Jimmy Hatlo WlLL JUNIOR EVER LEARNTOTALK? ^ IT WORRIES MOM AND POPS — H ES» JUNIOR LEARNED ID TALK, • ALL RIGHT— BUT NOW HE NEVER STOPS! / PAPA/ WERE X?U EVER. A I PONT THINK THAT > COWBOY? IS JACK AND TIE BEANSTALK A TRUE STORY? TO TALK! MAYBE WE PAPA. 60 ON, WHAT'S A GIANT/ PAPA? OU6MTTO-TAKE HIM PARLIN6, SAY IT- WILLVOU READ ME THE , .S^SBH?« 2 W>J° A SPECIALIST- L KE THIS, SEE ? m*-? c^ _,—- FUNNIES, PAPA ?I LIKE i THE FUNN'1E5,DONT VOJ? WHV DID VDU COME HCWE LATE? ET ETC, ETC PAH-PAH-RAH- WH, itmo yi»Tui»iCT IITWICATE, ! The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Readers usinf this service for question of (act—not counsel—should sign full name and address and enclose a cents for return postage. Address The Mason City Globe-Guette Information Bureau, 316 Eye Street N. E., Washington 2, D. C. What is tumbling weed? Tumbling weed is any coarse annual weed, such as Russian thistle, in which the plant branches into a globular form, and in the fall breaks off at the roots and rolls with the wind. What is the present average length of life of white women in the United States? The average life expectancy at birth of white women in this country is 70.6 years, which is over 5 years more than life expectancy of men. Are the Indians correctly spoken of as aborigines? Aborigines is a term used to refer to the earliest known races of a country, those found at its first discovery. The Indians are therefore correctly • termed the aborigines of America. Why Ls is that a spider can freely walk and run over its own web when practically all other insects are immediately helplessly entangled the instant they touch it? The bureau of entomology and plant quarantine says that a spider web consists of 2 different types of strands. One type is composed of a viscid or sticky substance or at least has droplets of a sticky secretion on it. The other- is composed of a non-elastic and nonadhesive silk. In moving about the web the spider customarily avoids the sticky strands and in running across the web touches the strands cf nonadhesive silk. What is the color of the majority of metals? Most metals are of a grayish color, varying from blue gray to the white color of silver. Exceptions are gold and copper. What president said that the government should not support the people? In vetoing the Texas seed bill, Feb. 16, 1887, Graver Cleveland said, "Though the people support the government, the government should not support the people." What is the origin of the saying "40 winks?" "Tom and Jerry," chapter 3, by Pierce Egan, is the source of the phrase. The book was published in 1828. How many n e w schoolrooms are needed in the United States? The council of state governments recently made a study of school systems in all of the 48 states, in xvhich it is estimated that 250,000 new schoolrooms will be •needed within the next 10 years. If the trend to provide kindergartens and junior colleges as a part of the public school system continues, an additional 40,000 or 50,000 will be necessary. What is the origin of the expression "raishie Cain"? This is a purely American phrase meaning "to make a disturbance." It was apparently in popular use by 1840, when the St. Louis "Daily Pennant" printed a joke using the expression. In "Dow's Sermons" by Paige, published about 1849, there is the statement, "They will feel that they have been raising Cain and breaking things." Are there any figures on the number of blind in the United States? The figure 230,000 is the JUAN PERON Today's Birthday JUAN DOMINGO PERON, born Oct. 8, 1895, in southern Argentina, son of a well-to-do rancher: president and dictator of Argentina, he has followed a military career since hisy academy days. At 18 he became a sub - lieutenant. * A good student of military affairs, he wrote several books on strategy. Working with young o f fi c e r s, he planned a nationalistic crusade that culminated in the palace rev-' olution of 1943 in which President Castillo was ousted. Peron's hand picked man, Ramirez, soon took the helm and in 1946 Peron himself was elected president on the labor ticket. Last year he won the right to succeed himself as well as unlimited power. one accepted by the committee on the statistics of the blind and is the one commonly cited by agencies for the blind. There are no reliable figures at all on persons who have a visual handicap but are not blind. Among school children it is said that one child in every 500 has vision defects serious enough to make it difficult or unsafe for him to read ordinary print. Where is the world's deepest g-old mine? The deepest gold mines > in the world are iu South Africa, where a depth of 10,000 feet is being approached or may have been passed at several different properties. Who first used the term anesthesia? The use of the terms anesthesia, anesthetic and anesthet- ^ ist was suggested by the distinguished scholar and poet Oliver Wendell Holmes, professor of anatomy at Harvard. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 Entered as second class matter, April 12, 1030, at the postoffice at Mason City. Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher t W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr. Saturday, Oct. 8, 1949 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitled to use for repub- licatlon of all local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lak« (Carrier Delivery LlmlUt ""' By mall 1 year « 8 ,oo By mall 6 months .... 4 75 By carrier per week \"[\ [35 Outside 100 Mile Zone by Mall Only Ono year 12 na Stx Months a'n Three months !!!!!!!!!!!!!! 3^50

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