Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on March 9, 1976 · Page 5
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 5

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Carroll, Iowa
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Tuesday, March 9, 1976
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Page 5
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N.W. Iowa Barn Builder, 96, Recalls Many tie's 'Raised' Economic Issue Moves to Center Stage • intiiii iKii* iitmiiitMiittt tiniiitt ^M^ By Jan Poulson (Drake University Journalism Student) , ALTA — Raising a wooden Iowa barn wasn't all sweat and muscle; it was a social gathering with lots of food and an occasional belt of whisky. Lud,wig Strand. 96, retired Alta carpenter, recalls a time three generations past when he was one of many persons willing to help raise a neighbor's bam. An immigrant from Sweden in 1906, Strand "landed" in Estherville possessing the valuable skill of carpentry. Taking jobs where they were available, he worked "in every town within 100 miles of Alta," where in 1909 he made his home. Strand participated in several barn raisings as a carpenter. "When a barn was going to be built, the news was spread by word of mouth. Lots of neighbors would ,come and if they didn't come' to build they came to see how it was put up, "he said. • Barns were ,tailor-made to the farmer's heeds. Strand said barns were almost always positioned north-south to keep the entrance free of snow and to avoid the prevailing wind. Barn construction began with the clearing for the foundation. He said a hole was, dug five feet below the frostline because the .frost could cause the foundation to buckle. ' The foundation was built of glacier rocks that worked up in the fields. Cement and gravel were used to hold them together. Strand diagrammed the mortise-frame construction, illustrating how heavy pine timbers were notched and jointed together. The joints were drilled and held snug with a wooden peg. The pegs were made of hard woods such as oak and ash. Pegs were made from a lilati bush when others weren't available. Strand said, "Lilac is one of the hardest native woods." The frames, called bents, were constructed on. the ground and then raised into place. Strand said, "Potbellied guys held the bent • on top of the foundation and the crowd would sing the bents up in time to a tune." He said the mortise method of construction was not used after about 1915. People began to use light timbers because mortising weakened the heavier ones. The framing of the barn wasn't necessarily a whole-day job. "It would have been done in a couple of hours but with all the gabbing, food and after passing the whisky, it was the end of the day," he said. The neighbors who helped with the construction were fed. He said women spent a good deal of the day preparing food for the crew. After the building was framed, the farmer, his hired man and several carpenters sided the building and, if enough money was available, gaVe the new barn a coat of paint. Strand said red paint was often used because it was cheap. "You mixed paint out of linseed oil, iron oxide and lime. If you wanted the barn to last, you'd paint the boards on both sides before you sided," he said. Sometimes the barn would stand unpainted for several years because the farmer was ready to put in hay and livestock even before it was finished. Inside the barn, farmers built stanchions for milk cows, stalls for the horses and hay mows. Stanchions were placed on the cow's neck to hold her stable so she could be milked. Strand is older than'a lot of the wooden barns which are becoming obsolete. With specialized farming, he said, farmers don't need stalls for horses but instead require metal machine shops for equipment repair. Farmers feed livestock by the thousands in huge lots with small open sheds as shelter. In earlier days the few cattle fed by the farmer were kept near the barn, which provided shelter. Big operations have little economic reason to maintain wooden barns, Strand said. At 96, Strand has seen them come and go. WASHINGTON - (LENS) — President Ford and his Council of Economic Advisers have used the annual economic report to throw down the gauntlet to the Democratic Congress and to Democratic presidential candidates. They have rejected, without qualification, any attempt at a rapid return to full employment and instead argue forcefully for a policy of "moderate but sustained" recovery from the deepest recession of the postwar period. They are convinced that a stimulative policy aimed at forced growth would start up inflation again long before the economy had returned to full steam, and that the boonvas a consequence, would be short- lived and would give way to another recession: buzzword, "re-ignition." This is all a matter of judgment and a proper subject of election-year debate. The administration's position is succinctly stated in the economic advisers' report: "Because we began the present recovery with more slack than in any of the previous postwar cycles, a much longer period of above-average growth will be required for a return to full resource utilization. Even under the best of circumstances the return to full Timet Herald, Carroll, la. c Tueiday, March 9, 1976 3 employment cannot realistically be accomplished this year or next." Therefore, the argument goes, there is no need for undue haste. The administration's policy calls for a moderate degree of stimulus from fiscal policy during the calendar year 1976 with a swing toward restraint in 1977. Already staff experts of the new congressional budget committees are expressing concern at the proposed policy for 1977, and in practice Congress is almost certain to make the policy for that year somewhat more expansionary. This is because, if for no other reason, Congress is most unlikely to take the affirmative legislative action needed to bring about some three-quarters of the $20 billion of cutbacks in government programs proposed by the president in his new budget. Thus the deficit for fiscal 1977 will be larger by some unknown amount than the $43 billion the president has proposed. Apart from the politics, the underlying economic debate is essentially over how "safe" a somewhat more expansionary policy would be. At issue are fiscal actions this year that will mainly affect 1977. Mrs. Alice Rivlin. the director of the new Congressional Budget Office, expressed the opinion this week that the president's program would slow the recovery down — indeed, that the administration's own forecasts for the economy, while achieveable with a more expansionary policy than President F"ord wanted, would prove too optimistic if his own budget proposals were followed. neighbor. The American Red Cross •dvarliiing toniMbut** (or ih* public good TIIIIIITIXI Two beautiful Berkline 1 family room pieces for one fantastic price! asuo , cu s /, i ons choice of any group pair of love seats Iowa Bookshelf Edited by Mary Ann Riley BETTER THAN EVER. By Joyce Brothers. (Simon & Schuster, $7.95) Since those long-ago days of the $64,000 Question, Joyce Brothers has become, via TV, radio and her own journalism, one of America's best known women. In this book she tells us that the years after 40 can be 'better than ever'; she calls hers her "butterfly years' and tells how she is making them happy and fruitful. She dropped 15 pounds on a slow no-fad diet of eating less. She took up swimming of laps each day in the pool conveniently located in her apartment basement. Then she bought new and sexy clothes. Her medical doctor husband and she entered into a new and exciting sex life with each other. She recommends estrogen pills for the menopausal slump, is not unalterably opposed to an extra-marital experience or two, is all for paint and even plastic surgery to spruce up the old chassis. Brothers asserts that the 40 plus woman can finally realize her potential and 'put half a lifetime of wisdom and competence to work.' Some common sense, a few bromides and a lot of cheer will make Mrs. American Matron like this book. — Mary Ann Riley AT THAT POINT IN TIME. The Inside Story of the Senate Watergate Committee. By Fred D. Thompson, Chief Minority Counsel. (Quadrangle, $8.95) At first this might appear to be just another book on the Watergate shelf, but for those of us who stayed glued to the tube during those historic early days of the investigation, it is a rewarding review and a fascinating insight into the workings of the staff of the Committee. Fred D. Thompson, a young Tennessee lawyer picked t»y Sen. Howard Baker as Chief Minority Counsel, did not come off as a hero in the early days of the proceedings. However, because of his even-handed fairness, and as he himself gradually evolved, he. became a'popular figure 1 among the many hearing personalities. His book takes us behind the scenes and fills in details not heretofore known. He also presents some little-known . material glossed over by the Democratic Majority of the Committee, and points out a few unanswered questions. He tells a few of Sen. Ervin's off-the-record anecdotes which broke up Sen. Baker during the hearings. Mitchell's testimony at one point reminded Sen. Ervin of the North Carolina farmer who found his daughter pregnant by the town slicker. The farmer'put his shotgun against the slicker's nose and announced he was going to kill him. "Wait a minute," said the slicker, "I am rich. I will give you $1,000 if she has a girl and $2,000 if she has a boy." Whereupon the farmer put the gun against the man's nose and said: "And if she has a miscarriage, will you give her another chance?" Both Senators were shaking with laughter by the time he had .finished the story. A valuable addition to Watergate literature. —' Bennett A. Webster Jolly Pitch Club Meets In Wall Lake Times Herald News Service WALL LAKE — Jolly Pitch .Club met Friday afternoon at the home of Mrs. Lloyd Roth • with 11 members and one guest (Mrs. Clarence Roth) present. Winners were Mrs. Norman Reiter, Mrs. Jack Lamaak, and Mrs. William Schwanz. Mr. and Mrs. Claude Tounget spent Sunday with Kathleen Tounget in Omaha where they helped her move to a new location. David Dreessen, Sioux City, spent the weekend with his grandmother, Mrs. Alfred Dreessen., Bundts Travel To Nebraska Times Henld Newt Service WALL LAKE — Mr. and Mrs. Ken Bundt and Lori drove to Blair, Neb. last Saturday afternoon where they were supper guests in the Bruce Kies home. Mrs. Bundt remained in the Kies home until Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Kies were Wednesday afternoon visitors of Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Kies. Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Kies of Blair, Neb. were Friday afternoon and overnight guests in the Ken Bundt home. Mr. and Mrs, Cook spent the weekend in the home of their daughter and family, Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Salzar, Omaha. sofa and lounge chair both $399 cocktail table $ 59 95 both ottoman $ 69 95 Open SUNDAY ItoS Wed.& Fri. til 9 ^5 ;/ X Exciting casual and supremely comfortable . contemporary collection with Berkline quality evident in every detail. Deep-tufted super soft vinyl that looks and feels like fine glove leather. When you sit, you sink into - deep, thick seat cushions with urethane foam. Richly finished wood arm posts add another decorative interest. All this look plus you need only a damp sponge to take care of spills and soils. ?- . ~~ /,= Easy Terms \ up to 36 Months to Pay Come In... and get Comfortable! ^^^^KiJ|r love seat and recliner boih$QOO end tables $ 59 95 iEC if 9 s_the living end! Furniture East Edge of CARROLL, Hwy. 3O Ph. 792-4318 TTT IT TTTTTTTTTTTir TIIIIJLLIIIIIIIIUL

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