The Byline of Dependability * Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Showers and scattered thunderstorms today and tonight; warmer in east, little temperature change in west portion tonight. Stor of Hopn, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. MOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 22, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY i Attacks Are Repulsed Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN That Tokyo Raid What Elmer Davis Said A year later our government has disclosed the carefully- guarded secret of how Maj. Gen. Jimmy Doolittle managed the sensational bombing raid on Tokyo April 18, 1942. Perhaps you have asked yourself why, having waited this long, the government chose to tell us anything at (ill until the war is over. But n Hope business man risked a guess which strikes me as coming close to the truth: "Probably a lot ot people fsaid he) wnnl lo know why we haven't bombed Tokyo again— and so the government told 'cm." The facts speak for themselves. Doolilllc and his band of iron- nerved volunteers carried out the most spectacular mission of the war—but at bitter cost. 3-Day Battle "With Nazi Subs Is Described £' (Editor's note: This story was written recently by Associated Press War Correspondent Henry B. Jameson while aboard the Commodore's ship of a large convoy bound from America to Great Britain after the convoy had been under attack by German submarines for three days. The story was received today from London after . passing Brilish censorship, but Ihe exact dale of the convoy battle was not disclosed. Jameson formerly was in the St. Louis Associated Pros Bureau. By HENRY B. JAMESON Wilh an Allied convoy al sea — Delayed) — (/I 1 )—• We have jusl ome through a terrific all - night WSubmarine battle somewhere on 'the Atlantic. | This was the climax of a Ihrce- 'day battle in which, in Ihc earlier lages, there were minor losses and l\n which I saw the rescue of all .he pasengcr and crew of one iorpcdocd hip. It was a smashing victory for a iritish light naval escort over Gcr- an submarines. Our ships,once again are strung iut in peaceful formation, flying ihe "all clear" white flags for the lirst time in three clays. Maybe here will be some sleep tonight, Even the sea is calm Ihis morning. There is nol a sign of Ihc fur- struggle thai was raging oul in ihe darkness only a few Ijhours ago. Thirteen times between dusk and awn the Nazis drove nl us in packs numbering from six lo 12 bach. Thirteen times they were Jturncd back by defending barrages Sof depth charges that, jolted even four bis ship* like toy boats in a Bathtub. Never once were the Germans ible lo wrest the offensive from escort. Our corvettes and de- beat them lo Ihe draw 1 r0vci> time and they finally gave <^,, It was reported on the bridge 4-TJhat 'it least six submarines were t^pclicvcd damaged and a seventh This one paid the price for trying bicak inside the convoy. It was out no more than 100 behind this ship, so close we puffs of smoke coming from ijjpdoisca explosion thai prcsum- f bly marked its grave. D,iv.n was just breaking as one pjP Ihe corvettes cul across our bow qnd signalled us lo move over be•-- the depth charges were Two Fulton Men Feared Drowned in Red River Red River apparently had claimed two more victims today as large groups of men search for the bodies of two Arkansas Highway Department employes who have been missing since mid-morning Tuesday. The missing men arc Logan Williams and Roy Hollingsworlh, both residents of Fulton. U. S. Flier's Out for Revenge Against Japs -Washington By The Associated Press A threat to execute every United States flier captured during a bombing of Japan was implied in propogancla broadcasts from Tokyo today and it was said Japan would "leave nothing undone io prevent a repetition of the Allied When last seen, about 10 o'clock | air attack" upon the island empire Tuesday morning, the men were engaged in dislodging driftwood from around piers of the Fulton river bridge. As both men were familiar with the river their families and residents of the rivcrtown did not become alarmed unlil they failed lo show up yesterday. last April. "And by the way, don't forget America," said an English - language broadcast recorded by the Federal Communications Comrnis- ion, "make sure that every flier that cames this way has a special pas to Hell and rest assured it's A search of the river from the strictly a one - way ticket" Fulton bridge to the Garland City, They lost all of their sixteen two- I bridge, a distance of approximate- engine bombers. They left eight skilled American flying officers in the hands of the enemy. We justify this as a one-time adventure—but nol for repeal engagements. Vengeance against Tokyo musl wait unlil we have moved the bailie line close enough lo give our flying men an even break. Bul Ihe Tokyo raid has produced another indictment against our barbarian c n c m y. President Roosevelt disclosed yesterday that Williams the American government has iva- Roy, Jr. son to believe the Japanese have put lo death some, and' tortured others, of the eighl captured officers. For which we will exact vengeance of high responsible officials of the Japanese army, Mr. Roosc- vcll concludes. Men in uniform are entitled to fair treatment as prisoners of war, regardless what their military mission. This is an intcr- nalional code as old as war itself— and for any violation of it individual Japanese officials will answer wilh Ihcir lives when Ihc war is over. Crisp comment on this matter came from Elmer Davis, director of the Office of War Information (OWI). Asked if vengeance would reach clear to the Japanese emperor himself Davis replied: "I would not think so. I don't think the emperor has anything more to say about what goes on in Japan than you or I." And that line epitomizes what we are fighting about ... a war bc- Uvcen a republic and a nation seized by madmen, where not even the emperor, let alone Ihc people, have anything to say. Ten Jap Bases Bombed by Allied Aircraft ly OB miles, was made late yesterday. Today residents and highway employes arc searching draftwood piles along the banks and around the piers. Several reports thai Ihe boal used by the men had been sighted far down river have not been verified. The river, swollen by recent rains, readied '22 feet overnight, but was slowly declining loday. Flood stage at Fulton is 25 feet. Both men have lived at Fulton for many years. Both have wives and has an 8-ycar-old Hollingsworlh is son, well known here and is Ihe brother of Mrs. J. R. Williams, former Hope 12 Men Killed in Crash of Army Plane Evansville, Ind., April 22 — (/T) — An Army airplane crashed while making a landing at the Evansville Municipal Airport shortly before last midnight and twelve men were killed, Major F. C. Dickson, Army representative at the field, reported. Major Uickson issued this formal statement: "A n Army airplane crashed at the Evansville airport at 11:20 p. m. (Central War Time) Wcdncs- rc ported Washington, April 22 — (/I 1 ) — A new and burning challenge for re venge rode with America's air fighters in the Pacific loday. They were called on by their chief, Gen. Henry H. Arnold, to destroy the Japanese warlords who have execulcd several of youi oravc comrades 1 ' in violation ol what Arnold termed "every rule of military procedure and every con ccpt of human decency." President Roosevelt's announcement late yesterday that some o the American fliers who helpcc bomb military targcls in Japan last year hud been put to deal! shocked the capital. Mingled with Mr. Roosevelt's as serlion that these "diabolica crimes" would make 'Americans more determined than ever to "bio out the shameless militarism o Japan" were such comments a these: Chairman Sabath (D-lll.). ot-llv Houe Rules committee: "Con tcinptiblc, damnable, outrageous hope that when the lime come wo will show no mercy." Speaker Rayburn: "Gruesome." Rep. Manasco (D-Ala.): "W won't lake n\my prisoners aftc that." Mmc. Chiang Kai Shek: "This latest flagrant violation of international aclhumanc laws should Two Presidents Shake Hands in Mexico day and 12 men were killed. Their names are withheld hovered over the submarine milil cxcally Ihc right moment — ? '|hcn let go the ash cans set lo cx- '-S-.dc al various depths. Huge gey- MISC from each explosion and IP thud against this ship sounded JIKC a thousand riveters pounding on the hull at the same lime. fljjrJThc charges must have hit the , trial k, for within less than a min- «/ujp the crippled sub attempted to income to the surface. The instant ' J ^- conning tower broke water the By WILLIAM F. BONI Allied Headquarters in Australia, April 22 — -(ff)— General Douglas Mac Arthur's medium and heavy bombers and long range fighters attacked enemy holdings Wednesday at 10 points on the island perimeter north of Australia. Set against that, a single Japanese plane look advantage of a full moon to make what the noon com- munique described as an "inconsequential" raid on Allied positions at Morobe on the north coast of New Guinea. In only one instance was there an interception by Japanese fight pending notification of their next on kin." Stale police and local officers senl lo the field said the plane burned after the crash. Major Dickson would not say from which field the plane came. Employes at the field said Ihe plane approached from Ihe south and lights were turned on to fac- ililale ils landing. They said as it ncared the control lower al a low altitude the pilot apparently decided lo make another circle of the field before landing but the ship stalled and fell, rolling over and over as it hit the ground. Flames flared up immediately. A fire truck was called from a nearby industrial plant but by the lime it arrived the plane was near' ly consumed. Two men were thrown clear of the ship but both were killed. Papers on one identified him as the pilot. Directed Verdict Motion Overruled Hattiesburg, Miss., April 22 (/I 1 ). ''gUnncis on this and four other > Fortress on armed reconnaissnace heavily-armed ships opened I about 45 miles from Rabaul, New - . ers of the Allied raiders. A Flying Federal Judge Sidney C Mizc ,§jgndl •e simultaneously. It disappeared Tigain, the explosions following ' irtly afterward. 'racer bullets from the guns around the water like balls fne It was still dark enough for - '. flares lo be used and they the scene the appearance of gigantic fireworks display. ^*<i ( |t was all over in Uvo minutes. \jfe more submarines have been re- C * irted. •fhe commodore of the convoy, a --•'•jied British admiral, described work of the cscorl as "extra- lary," but at the same time he the action of the submarines i- __ i _ jp the Germans must be •yjjunjnng out of highly trained (Even with our good escort I toubl if we could have come hjBOugh lasl night's attacks so suc- ce ( sslully against some of the old G<irm in submarine crew," he de- That many submarines manned by veteran crews would have given us «* much rougher time." fhe convoy came through the en- three day battle with only (Continued on Page Two) Britain, was engaged by four Zeros, one of which was shot down ay the fortress gunners. Another B-17 detroyed a Japanese bomber which was caught on the ground al Ihe Gasmala airdrome. B-17s also started fires at Ubili on the north coast of New Britain and strafed and bombed enemy positions in the Saidor area of New Guinea below Madang. Hudsons, Billy Mitchells and Beaufighters, both manned by Australians, attacked the building area, fuel dumps and the float plane base at Dobo in the Aroe islands. Large fires were set by the Billy Mitchells at Laga, 10 miles east of Baucau on the north coast of Timor. Airdromes at Timika and Kui- mana on Dutch New Guinea were atlacked by formations of Hurl- sons and Billy Milchells. FOREST FIRES DECREASE Lillle Rock, April 22 (/P»-—Stale Forester Fred H. Lang said today Aransas' forest fi;'e losses the first three months of this year were ublantiiilly lower than same period in 1942. in the overruled today a defense motion for a directed verdict lo dismiss civil libcrlies charges againsl three Jones county men growing out of the lynching of a Misissippi Negro last October at Laurel. The motion was offered just jfler court reconvened today. The trial then continued with the defense starting introduction of testimony. The government yesterday withdrew charges against Nathaniel T. Sholts and William Oscar Johnson after acknowledging that it had failed to get sufficient evidence connecting them with the crime. Two other defendants, Allen Pryor and Barney Jones, have been identified by government witnesses as members of the crowd which surrounded the jail the night of the lynching. The third accused man, Deputy Sheriff and Jailer Luther Holder, was inside the jail when the mob broke in and seized Howard Wash. Negro, and took him to a bridge where he was hanged. The government rested ils case yesterday. -«* » «*- • In (he 19ih century travelers on the western plains often killed buffalo simply to eat the tongue. steel the determination of the United Nations to bring immediately lo task the enemy who knows no law jut brute force." An American note to Japan, transmitted through Swiss diplomatic channels and made public al the While House yeslcrday, said the Unilcd States eventually will bring those responsible for Ihe execulions lo justice. It also warned that any ither violations of the Geneva convention regarding treatment of prisoners of war —"as military operations now in progress draw to their inexorable and inevitable conclusion" — would bring punishment to those responsible. Undersecretary of War Patterson told his press conference loday: "We have faithfully lived up to our commitment under the Geneva convention. Reprisals for this act directed against Japanese soldiers would lower us to the levels of our enemy withoul louching the evil individuals svho alone arc responsible. "We shall have our reprisals, bul they will be directed against the official of the Japanese government who have dircclcd or insli- galcd Ihesc crimes." Japan did nol say how many American fliers it had put to death, bul informed Ihis government through Swiss channels that it had tried those captured and sentenced them to death. The sentence Was commuted for the "larger number" of them, the note added, but was carried out on the others. Of tlip 80 officers and men who flew lo Japan with Maj. Gen. James H. Doolittle last April, the War Department listed eighl as prisoners or presumed prisoners of Ihe Japanese and two as missin.y The White House released the news of the execution in the form of a slalemenl by the president, Peach Crop at Nashville 10% of Normal Nashville, April 22 —(/P)— Blaming the January freeze that did widespread damage to fruit trees, operators of two of Ihe Hgihland district's larget orchards predicted today the Elberta peach crop in this area would be less than 10 per cent of normal this year. J. H. Ball of the Highland Peach Co., Inc., owner and operator of the orchard formerly owned by the American Fruit Growers, said Ihe orchard which produced and shipped morn than 40,000 bushels oT'Elbcrlas last year would do well to produce 4,000 bushels of commercial peaches this year. J. J. Robertson o£ the Robert son-Peppers Orchard said thai orchard would not produce more than 2,000 bushels Ihis season as compared to more than 45,000 in 1042. The cold, which dropped ' the thermometer to below zero in sonic sections of the orchard country, however, was freakish. Some orchards east of Nashville and in the lower land apparently escaped damage and arc expected to produce a normal crop while adjoining orchards in Ihe same area were reported a total failure. The crop of early peaches, maturing about the middle of June, was not seriously damaged, growers reported and production was estimated at about normal. (The Elberta docs not mature until late July.) Peach growers reported they were maintaining orchard culture depile the adverse Elberta prospects. And because of the prospective light crops, orchardists said they anticipated no transportation difficulties. County's War Bond Sales Go Over $200,00 Hcmp.slead county's sales in the Second War Loan campaign went over Ihe §i200,()()()-mark in today's report from Chairman C. C. Spragins. Sales of $15,475 yesterday produced a new total of $212,500, Mr Spragins said. Ilcmpslead county's quota U $254,000 for the intensive porlioi of the Second War Loan drive now under way. War Bond sales arc i continuous proposition, but it i vital that Ilempstcad county eros:- draw the $254,000 quota deadline before the end of April, the chairman said. NEA Service Telephoto President Manuel Avila Camacho, left, of Mexico and Mexico and Franklin D. Roosevelt shake hands after FDR arrived at Monterrey, Mexico for historic conference. Mrs. Camacho, center, looks on. At right is Brig. Gen. Edwin Watson, Roosevelt' aide. (Passed by censors) Britain Warns Nazis Against Use of Gas received from a slop on his war camp inspection journey at Corpus Christ!, Tex., and a note of protest from the Slale Department. The Stale Department declared: "If the admissions alleged by the Japanese government to have been made by the American aviators were in fact made, they could only have been extorled fabrications." In announcing the news. President Roosevelt said he did so with a feeling of deepcsl sorrow which he knew would be shared by all civilized peoples. "This resource by our enemies lo frighlfulness is barbarous" he asserled. "The effort to the Japanese war lords thus to intimidate us will utterly fail. It will make the American people more determined than ever to blot out the shameless militarism of Japan." Jury Still Out in Train Murder Case Albany, Ore., April 22 —W—Th fate of Robert E. Lee 'Folkes wa locked up today with the eigh women and four men considering .. charge against him of murderin Mrs. Martha Virginia James, 21 Norfolk, Va., in her berth lower 1 of a crowded railroaff sleeping cai The jury deliberated a few minutes more than 13 hours yesterday, then retired for the night on beds set up in the locked jury room. Deliberations were scheduled to resume around 11 a. m. (CWT). Mrs. James was killed on a southbound passenger train near here early January 23. Folke, 20- year-old Negro dining car cook, is accused of sneaking into her berth London, April 22 (/P).— ; Asserting it had received reports "Hitler is making preparaloins for using poison gas againt the Russian fronl," the British government vowed today that any use of gas by either Germany or her satellites would bring .immediate reprisals in kind against military objectives "throughout the whole expanse of Germany." The government's statement was issued by Prime Minister Churchill from 10 Downing slreel and newspapermen were called into an ex- Iraordinary session early this morning al Ihe Ministry of Information to hear it. The British Broadcasting Company also quickly beamed short wave broadcasts lo Germany, di' rectly informing the German peo- le what, they could expecl if their cader orders the use of gas. The roadcasls emphasized the United ation' air superiority and quotcc 10 prime minister's comment thai 'Brilish resource and scale of de bery (of gas warfare facililies) ave greatly increased since las •ear." The Berlin radio, replying to the Jritish statement, quoted Gcrmai oreign office circles as saying Gcr riany would stand by a pledge iven last, year that she would use ooison gas only if her enemies usec t first. The broadcast, recorded b> he Associated Press, said Berlii Mlilical circle lerined Churchill' declaration "provocative." Britons began checking over their ;as masks, with which every rcsi- :lcnl of Brilain is equipped, after •lerhert Morrison minister of home security, cautioned them two days iigo the danger 'of the use of gas s not past. His warning followed .he assertion of Wing Commander E. J. Hucisol, inspector-general of civil defense, thai "it Hillcr thought ic could secure taclical surprise ay using gas he certainly would." Churchill's statement said the reports of Germany's intentions had come from "several sources." A Soviet official, meanwhile, declared "we have pased on to the British foreign office information that supplies of gas recently have been reaching the German armies on llic Russian fronl." Slogan Change Gets Bond Drive Results CUirksvillo, April 22 (/!') The slogan "celebrale Hillcr's birthday" didn'l appeal to Clarksville folks apparently, so results in the bond drive Tuesday were nothing to brag about. Then a member of the Clarksville Lions Club suggested "make Hitler wish he'd never had a birthday." The county's subscriptions jumped in 24 hours from 30 lo 75 per cenl of ils bond sales quota. Waring Says Loses Heavy in North Africa Washington, April $2 (#>), — Roane Waring, national commander of the American Legion, said today that American forces have sufferec terrific casualties" in North Africa and that many more may 'be expected before the enemy is driven out. Talking with reporters about his recent tour of the North African Battle front, Waring said the casualties have been "many more' ,han have been announced by Gen oral Dwight D. Eisenhower, whose figures, he added, cover those for the Tunisian campaign alone. He said the Eisenhower list of something over 5,000 casualties did not included Uiose suffered in landing operations and other fighting. (On April 17, Eisenhower reported casualties in the 2nd Army Corps in Tunisia were 5,372 killed, wounded and missing. War Dopart- mcnt figures on Jan. 28, before Rommel's full flight reached Tunisia, showed 1,258 dead, wounded and missing in Tunisia. The Nov. 23 report on Army and Navy casualties in the landing operations in North Africa totaled 1,910 killed, wounded and missing.) "We are going to have many more casualties before we gel Rommel out," Waring said. "Rommel has dug in. This thing is just starting. Tunisia is just a skirmish for what is lo come in the battle of Euorpe." Waring agreed with questioners rial many of. the casualties could >e attributed io Ihe newness of Ihe American Army, bul he said Ihe oldiers are gelling their "battle edge mighty fast." He described the American sol- licr in Africa as a "well fed, fight ng, bellyaching" individual who Allies Seize 500 Nazis, Smash 27 Tanks in Tunisia —Africa By WILLIAM B. KING Allied Headquarlers in North Africa, April 22 —</P)— British in- l ' fantry, tanks and artillery have beaten back three major thrusts Tjy Axis ground troops seeking to ease the pressure upon their Tunsian dc- < fense lines, inflicting loses which ' included delruction of 27 tanks and captured of 500 German in the * Medjez-El-Bab sector alone, it was ' announced loday. Fresh Brilish gains on the south- * crn front were declared firmly held. Between GO and 80 tanks and at ; least five battalions of German in- * fantry (perhaps 3,000 men) struck by moonlight Tuesday night at the positions of Lieut. Gen. K.A.N. An- lerson's First Army in the moun- ainous area of Mcdjez-EI-Bab, it- • elf 35 miles southwest of Tunis. The assault force, described icre a some of the best of Mar-* shal Erwin Rommel's men in Africa, were met by heavy fire. They suffered considerable ' casualties and Ihe survivors were withdraw- ng at dawn, a communique said Among Ihe 27 wrecked tanks they eft behind were two of the 60-ton Marh VI Tigers. Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's Eighth Army massed artillery batteries to beat off two counter- allacks against its new line —, anchored in Ihe region of Takrouna, five miles norlhwest of Enfidaville, and in the area of Ihe Djebel Garci, 10 miles inland from Ihe coast — wilh a heavy loss to the Axis. "Our position were generally improved and all gains firmly ' s j. '$ •t, \ I ^ •4. & held," the communique said. ; General Montgomery's men, who , Jlif face 10 miles of extremely difficult , *5j,V hill country in their latest push Af toward Tunis, have already driven through Ihree miles which once brislled with Nazi defenses. Obervers said the Axis forces .vere stricking with all possible trength in an effort lo slow their jrogress, regardless of Ihe cost in roops and material. . The German command included i mils of the Hermann Goering Jae- ;er regiment and the Goering Jrenadiers in the attack on the First Army and they struck on an eight-mile front. Tank forces which lad previously seen action in the Dallies of Fondouk, Kasserine Pass and Maknasy were Ihrown, mlo Ihe fray. Twenty-seven of these tanks were destroyed and a spokesman said it was believed most of Ihe hulk had been lefl behind on ground now occupied by Ihe Allies. • • and cutting her throat when fought him. she Real Peelers Kearns Field, Utah (/I 1 )— Foui privates on kitchen police dulj were lold lo peel 400 pounds of po- laloes. The mess sergeant came to find they'd peeled 600 pounds anc were still at it. We wanted to quit,' one explained, "but every time we were about, to stop, we heard someone yell, 'Hey K. P. 1 We that meant keep peelin'." though wouldn't else.' want to be any place House Votes for Easter Holiday Washington, April 22 M') The [louse voted loday for an Easter recess until May 3, and Speaker Rayburn (TJ-Tcx.) announced the jody would have a final showdown on that dale on pay-as-you-go taxation, with another vote on a modified Ruml plan lo skip an income tax year. Members promptly began leaving for their home districts to spend the Easier season. Senate concurrence in the recess resolu- lion was required and, according lo House leaders, would be forthcoming. Their truce attempt abandoned in failure, Democrats and Republicans filed back to opposing trenches to resume firing in another "do or die" House floor battle on pay- FDR's Visit Is Returned by Mexico's Chief Corpus Christ!, Tex., April 22 — (/Pj— Relations belween the United States and its close neighbor across the unfortified border to the south seemed more solidly cemeivU cd than ever today in the wake of historic meeting between Piesident Roosevelt and Mexico's President Avila Camacho. Stressing continental neighborliness and military solidarity, the i conferences were held in both lands I---amidst ficsla friendliness in Moiir 1 lerrcy Tuesday and accompanied jy Die constant roar of warpldxieb icre yesterday as the Naval Air Cadets ot several American nations carried on their grim training during the unprecedented parleys. "From the point of view of con* linenlal defense and unity of purpose," President Roosevelt lold the Cadets as he and the Mexican chief executive lunched with them during an inspection of the naval air training center, "this kind of military training means a wide and long step forward in the relations of ihis hemisphere. Lei the good work continue." He said he was happy lo greet Avila Camacho at the training cen- as-you-go, with Ihe issue whirling around Ihe Ruml again plan and other proposals lo abate varied portions of 1942 income taxes. Regardless of which party wins the duel, if any bill at all is passed, two things appeared reasonably certain: 1. That at least $5,000,000,000 or an overall of 50 per cent, of the 1942 personal taxes would be cancelled. 2. A 20 per cent withholding levy would be imposed against the taxable parts of all pay envelopes and salary checks. ter because a large number of Mexican cadets are among the youths from many American nd- Mons receiving flying instiuctionj, there, and termed lhal greeting on Uniled States soil "one of the great American historical meetings." It was President Avila Canute cho's prompt repayment of Mr. Roosevelt's visit to Ihe industrial city deep wtihin Mexico the previous day, and closed the conferences during which Ihe iwo spoke of how differences between thete nations had been solved, of a joint solidarity in war and peace, and projected the Pan Americdn good neighbor policy as a possible basis for world postwar unity.
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