**age ten HOPE (ARK.) STAR Wednesday, September 18, 1974 Study shows 'grass' helps cancer patients DENTON, Tex. (AP) - A chemical derivative of marijuana may help terminal cancer patients endure their final days by alleviating much of the pain and anxiety, says a North Texas State University researcher. Dr. Joel Butler, chairman of the university's psychology department, said here Tuesday that his findings are the result of a year of study involving 60 advanced cancer in-patients. The study was conducted along with Dr. William Regelson of the Virginia Commonwealth University. Dr. Butler said that their studies showed that marijuana "works like an anti-depressant," and that patients, "got less morbid" after taking the drug, a derivative called Delta 9-THC. The drug is the intoxicating factor found in marijuana and was obtained from a Boston manufacturer with the approval of the Federal Drug Administration and given to patients at the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond under Dr. regel- son's supervision. Dr. Butler said Dr. Regelson is a cancer specialist. He said that studies showed also "emotional instability in the patients decreased while being treated with the drug." Dr. Butler said the study first began with 60 advanced cancer patients and was later followed up with a second study of 200 out-patients. He said that real value of the marijuana derivative may be in its quality as an anti-depressant to fight the depression and anxiety which afflicts terminal cancer patients. "Treating cancer patients with the usual anti-depressants," he said, "is of minimal value. These agents are frequently counter-productive in that they produce disassociation and hallucinations.'' "Those patients are depressed for good reasons," Dr. Butler said. "And if marijuana is found to be an anti-depressant, it would be of assistance to them.'Lj ^. fe. ,..£j , ;j Dr. Butler and his assistants also found that the drug was helpful in relieving pain and AMONG the first foreign heads of state to visit President Ford will be Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka later this month. Tanaka, initially fearful that harmony between the two nations may sour due to the resignation of Mr. Nixon, has said he is eager to continue close relations with the United States. New center for Gravette GRAVETTE, Ark. (AP) This Northwest Arkansas community of slightly more than 1,000 persons is scheduled to get a $4.5 million, 104-bed medical center in January. Dr. John R. Rhine, administrator of the Gravette Medical Center, a private hospital that has 55 beds at its current location, said Tuesday that, while the town is small for such a large new center, the center now serves three counties in three states. Patients come from Benton County in Arkansas, Delware County in Oklahoma and McDonald County in Missouri, and the occupancy rate at the current center was 104 per cent last year, Rhine said. Construction of the new center began in April with funds from a Federal Housing Administration loan. One big reason for building the modern four-story center was "to try to attract young doctors to this area," said Rhine. "We haven't had enough doctors for 20 years." fighting appetite loss in cancer patients. Two groups of eight cancer out-patients were alternately given pills with no medicinal purposes and capsules containing Delta 9-THC. The group of eight patients receiving the pills continued to lose 20 to 30 pounds per week as a group, Dr. Butler said. The group which took the drug gained three pounds during the testing period. "Marijuana is supposed to stimulate appetite," he said, "and if terminal cancer patients are losing appetite and weight, perhaps it could be used to keep them in a strong condition." Dr. Butler said the researchers tried to separate "to whatever extent possible" the effects due to "expectancy of the mythology of marijuana." He said that most marijuana studies have involved sex- peri enced users and that clinical findings and social beliefs are often inaccurate. Dr. Butler and Dr. Regelson said they did not tell the cancer patients in the study what drug they were taking. Dr. Butler said they will continue their studies to compare Delta 9-THC with other drugs used for relief of pain, nausea and vomiting. Motorists told to forget about old days UP IN FLAMES, a favorite children's toy is sacrificed in the interests of increased child safety. In government-sponsored research to develop revised flammability standards on toys, a teddy bear is burned at the Gillette Company's Research Institute at Rockville, Md. Loophole in amnesty plan WASHINGTON (AP) — Defense officials acknowledge that President Ford's conditional amnesty plan leaves a loophole through which returning Vietnam-era deserters could escape alternate public service. They concede it would be possible for such deserters to get off with no greater price than an undesirable discharge. The same loophole does not exist for draft evaders, who would remain subject to prosecution under federal civilian law if they reneged on pledges to perform alternate service. It is unclear whether Pentagon lawyers were aware of the ^escape Jiatch for deserters, or whether it was overlooked in their haste to meet Ford's requirement for a program designed to provide an opportunity for "earned re-entry." The problem arises because returning deserters would be beyond the reach of military law once discharged. And law- yers say they know of no federal civil law the deserters would violate if they then either failed to report for alternate service or left their assigned jobs before their time was up. Pentagon officials say signed pledges to complete alternate service are not considered binding, legally enforceable contracts. Under the Ford program, a deserter who chooses to return must turn himself in to his military service. If found eligible, he is required to sign a reaffirmation of allegiance to the United States, and a pledge to faithfully complete a period of public duty of. 24. months or less, as determined by his military service. At this point, his service foregoes prosecution and hands the man an undesirable discharge. The plan calls next for the man to report to his state Selective Service director within 15 days of his discharge "to ar- New paper at Pine Bluff range for performance of alternate service." But, by that point, the returned deserter officially has become a civilian, and defense officials say they cannot cite any applicable legal penalty if the man does not report for or walks away from the job he is given. By contrast, the White House has been specific on penalties facing draft evaders who do not complete their agreed alternate service. While conceding that a returned deserter can get out of fulfilling his alternate service obligations, one defense official -contended the undesirable discharge would amount to a significant penalty in itself. He said such a discharge would be a serious liability when the deserter tries to get private employment. A man who completes his alternate service satisfactorily will get his undesirable discharge changed to a special new clemency discharge. , HOUSTON (AP) — An Oklahoma oil executive says motorists can forget about 35-cent gasoline. Jack Tarner, a Phillips Petroleum Co. vice president, told a panel of Federal Energy Administration officials Tuesday the general public is mistaken by thinking the self-sufficiency objectives of Project independence will mean a return to lower prices. He said higher costs are ahead and federal planners must convince the public this is true. Tarner testified bluntly at the third of 10 regional hearings through which the FEA hopes to develop a definition of energy independence. "This is a most important definition,"he said. "Presently, the public generally considers that the government's program for energy independence will permit returning to the old ways of unlimited energy use by each citizen at low prices, prices in the order of 15 cents for gas at the wellhead and 35 cents for automobile gasoline at the station pump. There is no way this nation can return to that situation." Tarner said energy independence can only mean the federal gorvernment will work with industry in an attempt to provide each citizen a necessary but reasonable amount of energy. The prices of such energy, he added, will be high enough to provide sufficient earnings for reinvestment in new facilities so that reasonable supplies can continue in future years. He said such supplies can involve coal gasification and liquefaction and shale oil. "All of these can only be provided at a higher cost," he said. "Government agencies need to make sure it is so understood by the citizen." Tarner said the official notice for the regional hearings shows the FEA is fully aware of what has caused the energy problem. "The U.S. demand for energy is increasing at a rate which cannot be met by continuing to rely on the historic sources of oil and gas supplies," he said. J. E. Finley, Houston, Continental Oil Co. executive vice -president, said a national energy policy must be developed to guide industry and government alike in the effort to move as rapidly as possible toward maximum energy independence. "This effort toward self-sufficiency must provide for an orderly development of oil and natural gas, coal, oil shale, nuclear power, and all other forms of available energy," PINE BLUFF, Ark. (AP) Elijah Coleman of near Pine Bluff said Tuesday he would begin publishing in November the Arkansas Dispatch, a newspaper to be aimed primarily at the black community in East Arkansas. Coleman is director of the Voter Education Project in Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi, but he said the newspaper would not be connected with this position. He also is a member of the Arkansas State University Board of Trustees. Coleman said the newspaper, to be headquartered in Pine Bluff, would carry news, public service announcements and editorials. Coleman is planning to have 5,000 copies of the newspaper's first edition printed. The newspaper is to employ three persons. Dinner Special • MANS FAVORITE MfAM g 3 pieces o» c^ic^p' .',1* 3. • itnev ij-i.. i •• sis •• Thursday SPECIAL | i Visit the Coonei SANOtRS RU ft fried •Wsjinger •Uckirigood" mm HIGHWAY 29 NORTH • •••»•••••••••« SQUEEZE OUT EXTRA EARNINGS FROM YOUR MONEY IN OUR ASSOCIATION Savings Account or Certificate, we pay the highest rate the law allows. For example, a four-year Certificate paying: Federal regulations require a penalty for premature withdrawal. . .a reduction to the passbook rate from date of deposit plus the loss of three months interest. Hope Federal & toon Association Finley said. "The mix between these alternatives must be a function of cost and resource availability." "By cost," Finley added, "I mean all costs, the social cost of greater conservation, the direct cost of trade imbalances, the environmental costs attendant to resource recovery and conversion." Robert A. Dean, Midland, Tex., blamed government interference for the energy shortage and for depleting tffe ranks of independent operators who have traditionally discovered 75 to 85 per cent of all domestic oil and gas reserves. "If we were short of oil and gas because there were no more reserves, that would be- one thing," said Dean, representing four area trade groups for Texas independents. "The fact is we have estimates of over 400 billion bar- rles of crude oil* reserves and 2,000 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves yet to be discovered in the United States." He said over one-half of the undiscovered reserves are onshore in the lower 48 states. family center HERVEY SQUARE HWY 4 NORTH SALE PRICES GOOD THRU SAT SEPTEMBER 21 ILLUSTRATION ARE FOR EXAMPLE ONLY Pre -Season Winter Coat Spectacular! 20% OFF Entire Stock MEN' AND BOY'S WINTER COATS Need a jacket for cool weather? Or a heavy coat for really'cbld days- SHOP EARLY WHILE SELECTIONS ARE GOOD. • Sport Coats not included in this event SAVE 20% Children's WARM WINTER COATS ARE ON SALE! Be ready when cold winds blow! Entire selection of Childrens , Toddlers, Infants sizes included.
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