Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 21, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 21, 1943
Page 1
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The Byline of Dependabi/ify Hope The Weather ArkanAas: Warmer this afternoon and tonight; showers and scattered thunderstorms in northwest portion this afternoon and in west and central portions tonight. lUME 44—NUMBER 160 Slar of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 21, 1943 (AP)—Moans Associated Press tNEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY ritish Capture Enfidaville Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN ''' S. r Mexico leads Resume r ar Discussions 3y DOUGLAS B. CORNELL Aboard Roosevelt Train, April 21 V) — The conferences of stale ich President Roosevelt and [resident Avila Camacho begun in gala setting at Monterrey. Mcxi- > lasl night, continued north of !c border today, with a Mexican Jcf executive on United Slalcs I for Ihc first time in history. Lvila Camacho was returning only official visit ever made ;p inio his country by an Anier- n president, bul sccurily reasons 'bade the immediate announce- i'cnl of details. ^interrupting a 1 a v i s h. seven ;purse dinner, the two continental lenders delivered radio addresses '"' Monterrey without disclosing in : y manner the real reasons for yiajcir two governments which al- pr'farly have been solved, of a joint : ""*ilidairty in arms in a world at war Kjd of the values, now and for the liture, of the good neighbor policy. Breath of Old Times Yet It's What We Fight for These somber days you read a million words about our r objective, but by and large they remain just words. The je meaning is more apt to break in upon our consciousness n something we have read accidentally,, far removed from immediate war effort. n j s som eihing tied up with all the inlangibles that surround free and independent men—as intangible as the wind, yet, when deeply disturbed, as powerful as the hurricane. We go lo war lo defend ancient liberties, and the memory of familiar things in the land we call home. Others may write complex articles describing the war goal, but I leave it lo you if the following lit lie essay by William Feather in the Imperial Type Metal magazine doesn't tell more, unconsciously, than many a graver work attcmpls to do deliberately. Writes MiFeather: "Summer before last I was one of several guests at a Sunday dinner in an old home on a hilltop down in the Blucgrass country. The dinner was some- ihing out of a book. 'Two darkies moved constantly round the lablc and back lo Ihc kitchen, carrying platlers heaped with food. We were served fried chicken and old ham, corn pudding, mashed polaloes an gratin, butler beans (the small green lima beans that are such a delicacy in the South), creamed asparagus, creamed carrots, green peppers stuffed with corn and tomatoes, and a cold platter of tomatoes, celery, cucumbers, raw carrots, radishes, and peppers. "On the lablc as we entered the dining room were a molded salad and a melon cup that included cantaloupe, honey dew, watermelon, and grapes. There were also hot corn sticks, hot rolls, and beaten biscuit, and several varieties of sweet and sour pickle. Then there was an overflowing cup of home-made sherbet with tea cakes, and angel food cake for the gourmands. During the meal we had iced tea, and at the conclusion a large cup of hot coffee. "The old gentleman who was our host pushed back his chair, saying, 'I make it a rule lo get up from the table whenever I gel through eating. You all slay here as long as you like.' "I joined him on the porch. His hair and mustache were white, bul his face was bronzed, and he looked less than his eighty years. We could hear Ihe locusls and Ihe crows, the whinny of a horse, a dog barking. From this spot the old gentleman could look off for miles over beautiful rolling land, of which 1300 acres were his own. There wcro fields of corn, oats, wheat and tobacco, and pasture for a goo r l!y number of sheep, horses, cows, pigs, and chickens. "It was a picture out of the past—the bountiful food, the rich land, the restful sounds of country life, the wind in Ihe trees, the feeling that all was well with the world—and it all seemed as remote from rcalilv as a South Sea island before the svar." Violent Battle As Reds Gain in Kuban Delta —Europe By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, April 21 (/I 1 )— A violent struggle for an important icight marked the mounting battle in the Kuban dclla above Novoros- sisk today as the Germans threw in more troops in an attempt to re- i lost positions, bul nowhere did they succeed in g a i n i n g any ground, the Russians reported today. A dispatch to Red Star, the Army newspaper, said that artillery action has increased and there are more and more bombings by the German air force operating in strength from the waters of the Black Sea northward to the Sea of Azov. Pravda, Communist party newspaper, printed a front line dispatch which said Rumanian troops were in the fight but that war prisoners omplaincd the Germans had abandoned them. The Germans, using more tanks o flank their increased infantry 'orces, smashed at the Russian Ban "Peace Feelers" .Monlwroy, Mexico, Apivl.... JU — i— A program for postwar uni- 'prsal peace and unily — patterned 'aftci Pan-American solidarity bul '"jlanncd only after unconditional ,rrcndcr ot the Axis — was pro- :ctcd around Ihe world today from ,is south-of-the-bordcr city ny •csidcnt Roosevelt and President Vila Camacho. ^Speaking here last night on the r t,iMon of the first mectin.-; of 'nitccl States and Mexican presi- [jents in 34 years, the two chief ecutivcs: 1. Eroded a barricade ayair.st jny "negotiated peace" icelcrs v at the Axis might direct Ihrough ip.un or other intermediaries. l'2 Credited international under- landing and nonexploilation with ^success of American solidarity; incs in one sector 0 attacks moving in a scries of in groups of Offered those points as base T world post war planning. Let us make sure," Mr. Roosc- said, "that when our victory is when the forces of evil sun-en— anc ] that surrender shall be conditional — then we. with the 10 spirit and with the same unit- vv# courage will face the task of Building a belter world." J*J»Avila Camacho left no doub'. that the meeting of the two presidents -Vchmaxing Mr. Roosevelt's second major inspection of America's booming war effort — was domi- ~*'--l foy a sense of postwar plan- responsibility as well as war- tlrnc continental strategy. . ' ' In order to 1 contribute to the woi k of the postwar period the Un- l i|ed States and Mexico arc placed *,|in .1 situation of undeniable jjossib- IvUtts, and obligations" he.said at a banciuet in this northern Mexican Industrial center. "Geography has jnade of us a natural bridge of con- Cjlialion between the Latin and the r.S,axon cultures of the continent. If Ttoei c is any place where the thesis ? t 'p| the good neighborhood may be ( jjroved with efficacy, it is right '310 in ihc juxla-posilion. He added that primary responsi- lity of the two nations lav not ply in thier own "successes or fail" bul rather in the example set other nations. Roosevelt said Ihe meeting in igpnlerroy, capital city of Neuvo Jjgon stale, was part of the whole , g|me of gelling lo know each other " gtler. He pointed out thai — like Canadian boundary — the bur- 14, r > miles ot Ihe north, is un- rom 25 lo 30 which were turned jack almost immediately, it was said. The Nazis then shoved in two Ticiro fresh infantry regiments, 40 more tanks and new plane units jut after a Iwo hour battle they retreated, leaving 1,400 dead and nearly a score of tanks destroyed. Four hours later they tried to attack again and lost 25 planes shot down and eight damaged, the Russians said. (The G e r m a n communique recorded by Ihe Associalcd Press asserted that the . German enforce shot down 91 Sovicl planes in fighting yesterday south of Novor- ossik and lost two planes. Light Herman naval forces also sank three ammunition barges, it was claimed, but the locale was not specified, i Both the communique and dispatches have alluded to water fighting, which may be on cither the Black Sen or the Sea of Axov. Two German torpedo boats were sunk in the latest battle. It was loo early in the developing battle to decide here if the Germans were attempting a new spring offensive. On other fronts there was heavy artillery duelling along the Donets north of Chuguvc, in the Scvsk dis- Iricl, and on the Volkhov front southeast of Leningrad. The midday communique was silent on activity on the Kalinin front where Ihe midnight war bulletin told of Russian forces going into Ihc offensive and capturing an im- porlanl height, holding it against repeated counterattacks. The Germans left 3,000 dead on thai battlefield, it was said. 2 Crewmen in Harmon Plane Die in Crash Washington, April 21 — (IP)— The Army announced today that two •nembcrs of the crew of the plane piloted by Lt. Thomas D. Harmon, !ormcr all American football pla- er, died in the plane's crash in the South American jungles April 8, They were Staff Sgl. James F. oodwin, engineer of the flight and Sgt. Leonard D. Gunnclls, a gun- icr. Goodwin's father, Cecil C. 3oodwin, lives at Route 5, Tcxar- kana, Tex., and Gunnclls' mother, Mrs. Jeroma K. Gunnells, at Route 1, Dcatsvillc, Ala. Harmon is safe al a base in Dutch Guinea, where he was taken after wandering four days in the jungle. Three others are missing Second Lt. Edwin J. Wolf, Philadelphia: Second Lt. Frederick O. Wieling, Lansing, Mich., and Staff Sgt. Bernard R. Coss, Mcndota, 111. Legion's Camp Dedication to Be April 27 The former Alton CCC camp wil be formally dedicated as a loca public camp under the sponsorshif of Leslie Huddlcslon Post No. 1 ot the American Legion, and Hempstead county, at a fish fry and public speaking lo be held on the camp grounds next Tuesday night, April 27. Olie Olsen, post commander, announced today that the Legion would meet joinlly with local civic clubs at the camp for a fish fry at 6:30 o'clock—with Ihc dcdicalion Berlin, Baltic Ports Bombed by British Planes London, April 21 — (/P) — Heavy British bombers attacked the German Baltic ports of Stettin and flostock last night while speedy Wosquilo bombers pounded Berlin n widespread raids from which 31 planes are missing, the air minis- ry announced today. The night's operations also included mine - laying in enemy waters and sharp attacks by fighters and fighter - bombers on enemy i railways, barges and coastal shipping, a communique said. The operations were favored by good weather and the bombing attacks on Stettin and Rostock —which were carried out by some of the RAF's mightiest planes — were well concentrated, the air ministry said. Rostock is the site of the Hcin- kel and Neptune works and the communique said the port, and the Heinkcl works were the specific targets in last night's raid. The last previous British radio on Rostock was April 26, 1942 when it was bombed for the fourth night in a row. At thai time fires were set that were seen 250 miles away and the center of the city was reduced to a heap of ashes. Stellin, which is the port for Berlin, was last bombed by the RAF Sept. 30, 1941, and harbor installations, an oil refinery and factories were severely damaged. The Red Army. Air Force also raided Slot- Extends Stabilization Power of President Washington, April 21 (IP)— The House today passed the Senate-approved b,ill extending for two years the president's authority over a $2,000,000,000 stabilization nund, but added an amendment which its author said would prevent use of the money in the proposed joint $5,000000,000 international banking fund. The measure extends the president's authority over the $2,000,000,000 stabilization fund but withdraws his power lo devalue the dollar. The House on a voice vole first approved the amendment offered by Representative Reed (R-I11.) to prevent use of the fund in the proposed international stabilization fund and then quickly passed the | measure on a voice vote, sending it for adjustment of the Senate and House versions lo a conference committee. The coinage committee inserted Reed's amendment and the House approved it within a matter of minutes. County's War Bond Total at $200,000 Hcmpstcad county drew near its Second War Loan quota today vhcn County Chairman C. C. Sprig- ns reported total sales of Wai- Bonds here to be $197,025. Yesterday's sales were $53,125, Mr. Spragins said, against a previous total of $243,900—putting the Push Past Key Point, Violent Battle Is Raging -® program at 8 o'clock, featuring Congressman Oren Harris. Congressman Harris was selected as the speaker because, a naive of Hcmpstcad county, he helped the local Logon post in its battle to retain ownership of the former CCC camp when the federal government decided to relinquish title to all! CCC camps and equipment. The public is invited to hear Congressman Harris and the dedication program at 8 o'clock Tuesday night, April 27, al the camp. lificd and undefended and has ten for 96 years. by Ihe salute of boominj is, and a carnival spirit iimor.g people, the handclasp of ihe leaders represented the first Knox Named to High Court by Governor Little Rock, April 21 —(/I')—Robert C. Knox, El Dorado, was named by Governor Adkins last night to the Arkansas Supreme Court to succeed the late Associate Justice Ben E. Carter, Texarkana. Knox. who resigned as chairman of the Democratic State Committee in January, 1941, will serve until u justice elected at the 1944 general election qualifies. Carter had served slightly more than three months of his eight-year term whtn he died. Knox is a former state senator from Pulaski county. He was graduated from the University of Arkansas and Harvard law school. He Sunrise Service Is Planned at Emmet Sunrise Easter Services are planned at the Emmet Methodist church. Sunday at 0:30 a. m., the Rev. Caglc, pastor announced today. Special Easter music is planned. The public is invited. tin, along with Berlin, in August, 1941. While the heavy bombers were out against the Baltic ports and Berlin last night — the eight nights in a row that the RAF has attacked the German-dominated continent — other planes hit hard a' German rail and water communi- ,cations in Fran eoH.clb'l, dlaBnlc- ations in France, Holland, Belgium and northwestern Germany, anc atlacked shipping off the Bclgiar coast. The air minislry news service dc scribed Ihc forays against the Axis transport as among the biggcs suehs attacks of the war. Heavy explosions from th< French channel coast, heard in the Dover-Folkestone area after dawi today, indicated that the Allied at lacks Were continuing by daylight (The G e r m a n communiqu broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press new total at almost $200,000. Hempstead's quota in the current intensive drive is $254,000 Chairman Spragins has issued ; special appeal to small buyers to make immediate purchase of Wai Bonds and help put the county over its Second War Loan quota. The county.fell down on its first-quar tcr sales this year, and the Wa Savings Staff wants lo be sure th current quota is successfully met. Noyes Named President of the AP Continued on Page Two Army Says 'Shangri-La' Base Was Carrier and Promise Japs Some More By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, April 21 — (/P)— Tokyo could tremble again today in memory oC Ihe bombs which struck terror into Japan's vulnerable heart a year ago. For Ihe War Department promised thai those wcro just a gentle prelude to the pounding lo come, and disclosed Ihc "Shangri - La" from which the bombers struck Faculty for 1943-44 Term Announced James H. Jones Hope supcrin- .cndcnt of schools, announced lo- day that the following teachers were elected for the school year 1943-1044: Hope Junior-Senior High School— R. E. Jackson, Foy H. Hammons, Mrs. Roy Allison, Miss Virginia Alkinson, Mrs. R. P. Bowen, Miss Mary Droke, Mrs. Fred Ellis, Mrs. R. E. Jackson, Mrs. Victor Lcd- beller, Mrs. Lawrence Martin, Mrs. cngined bombers look off lo blast war plants in Tokyo and four oth- been told before by Doolittle and his men; the great disclosure in the Army's release last night was that the big B-25 bomber had started their operation from the pitching deck of an aircraft carrier. The secret was kept as long as possible, the statement said, and the Japanese, not being sure of the attack's source — whether was a ship at sea — a floating i China, or Ihc Aleutians or an airbase that could be multiplied to maul the isle of Nippon from almost any direction. Ripping away at last the mystery that had cloaked the Pacific war's most thrilling aerial exploit, the official story of the raid disclosed: That the base from which Maj. Gen. James H. Doolitlle's 16 twin- tme a United States president has | -''""»• •»'« «« vcuu ,aw ^, Sveled deep into Mexico, and the ! 1'as practiced law M years «f« ( mPPlim. of ,-hipf PXPC-lllivps " Mr - KllOX haS mllde a meetinu of chief executives two nations since 1909, when Tat'l and Porfirio Diaz IHpok hands at the inter-national bridge between El Paso and Juarez. President Roosevelt pointed remarks that surrender of "the forces f evil" shall be unconditional was een as a direct answer to last [[week's peace proposal from offi- \la\ of General Franco's Spanish (Continued on Page Two) special study of oil laws and is probably one of the best informed men in oil litigation of any man in the stale," Adkins said. Informed sources said Arthur Adams. Joncsboro, had notified Adkins he was not interested in the interim appointment since he was considering making the race for Ihe unexpired term. Cater narrowly defeated Adams in last summer's Democratic primaries. Knox will be ineligible to campaign for the post. Frank Mason, Mrs. Brents McPherson, Mrs. Evelyn Phillips Parker, Miss Sara Payton, Mrs. Joe Black, Miss Ruth Taylor, Mrs. Irma Dean, and Miss Rcgina Bayse. Oglcsby School—Mrs. Crit Stuart, principal and elementary school supervisor; Mrs. Howard Byers, Miss Vivian Cooper, Miss Mabel Elhridge, Mrs. M. B. Hatch, Miss Mamie B. Holt, Miss Florine Miller, and Mrs. Mac Stuart. Brookwood School — Mrs. Florence Hyatt, principal; Miss Lulie Allen, Mrs. Ray Andrews, Miss Miriam Porter, Miss Hazel Wall, and Mrs. Jess Davis. Paisley School — Mrs. George Green, principal; Miss Bessie Green, Mrs. I. L. Pilkinlon, Miss Lora Slarkey, Mrs. Henry Taylor, Mrs. Theo Witt. Mrs. Robert Whinery, secretary. Hope School District 1-A. Negro Teachers will be elected at the next meeting of the board . craft carrier — "were forced to tie up part of their military strength during crucial months." Then the department added: "If the secret could always have been kept from the Japanese — which in the end was impossible- it would naturally have added to the tension with which Japan awaits Ihe attacks that still lie , ahead." er Japanese cities was the aircraft 1 Identification of "shangriLa" as carrier Hornet, later lost in the Pa- Caivier Hornet automatically cific battle of Santa Cruz, Oct. 30. unfolded incidents of courage and That the idea of the spectacular ( heroism heretofore hidden by the attack New York, April 21 —(/Pi— The ! board of directors of the Associated Press has dcignatcd Frank B. Nbycs of the Washington Star as honorary president of the new association and Kent Cooper as executive director. Cooper continues the responsibilities heretofore carried by him as general manager in addilion to oilier duties as executive director. The board's action was announced yesterday. Robert McLean of the Philadelphia Bulletin was re-elected president. Other officers elected were, Paul Bellamy, Cleveland Plain Dcalder, first vice president; Houston Hartc, San Angelo (Tex) Standard-Times, second vice president; Lloyd Stratlon, secretary, an.office heretofore held by Cooper; L. F. Curtis, treasurer; Frank J. Slar- zcl, assistant secretary; Alan J. Gould, assistant treasurer. One of the founders of the mud- cm Associated Press, Noyes has served the organization for almost a half century and was its president from 1900 to 1938. Since 1938 he has continued as a member of the board of directors. Cooper entered Associated Press service in 1910, became chief of traffic in 1912 and assistant general manager in 1920. He has been general manager since 1925. In addition lo McLean, Bellamy and Noyes, members elected to the executive committee arc .Paul Patterson, - Baltimore Sun; Stuart Perry, Adrian (Mich) Telegram; Arthur Hays Sulzbcrger, New York Times and E. H. Butler, Buffalo (NY) News. Kiska Bombed, Strafed by U. S. Aircraft Washington, April 21 — (IP)— War planes of the Aleutians command bombed and strafed Japanese positions on Kiska island in 15 record- breaking raid Monday, the Navy reported today, scoring numerous lits on important installations and tarting fires. In the South Pacific, a commun- qtlc said, heavy 'army bombers truck at the big enemy base at Cicla on Bougainville Island in the orthwestcrn Solomons. Another ivavc of lighter bombers attacked hipping at Tonolci harbor, also on Bougainville, damaging one reighter and making several near lils on another. Navy cmomunique No. 351: "South Pacific: (All dates are cast longitude) "1. On April 19: "(A) Flying Fortress (Boeing B- 17) heavy bombers attacked Japanese positions at Kieta on Bougainville Island. "(B) Avenger (Grumman TVT) torpedo bombers atlacked the Japanese airfield at Kahili in the Shortland Island area, '(C) A second formation of avengers attacked Japanese shipping at Tonolei harbor on Bougainville island. A direct hit was scored on one freighter and several near hits were scored on a second freighter, "2. On April 20, a force of Avengers and Dauntless (Douglas) light bombers bombed Japanese in- tallalion at Munda in the central Solomons. Several anti-aircraft positions were silenced and a large fire was started. "North Pacific: "3, On April 19, Japanese installations at Kiska were attacked 15 .irncs by formations of Army planes. Liberator (Consolidated B- —Africa By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April 21 — (IP)— The British Eighth Army has pushed about two miles north in the Djebcl Garcl area 10 miles west of Enfidaville in "very severe fighting", it was announced today. Fighting, raged on a 10 - mile front as the dashing veterans of " Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery pressed the battle to a bloody pitch after capturing Enfidaville, anchor point of Marshal Erwin Rommel's southern line of the Tunis - Bizertc defenses. They had already repulsed four determined counterattacks. While the British blasted at the caves and dug in positions of the Nazis and Fascist with artillery and infantry, sleet and snow storms swirled over the mountainous area today and restricted the great Allied air offensive which had. been summoned to paralyze Axis airfields. Pearl a first installment on i secrecy policy. Foremost among Harbor debt — was con- i 'hoso was Ihe dramatic decision by ceived in January 1942, presumab- ! Doolitlle and his men lo risk Ihe ly by Dooliltle, and intense train- ' action. ing in utmost secrecy proceeds its ( This decision was forced by the execution on April 18. I fact that as the naval task force 24) heavy bombers, Milchcll (North American B-25; medium bombers, and Lightning (Lockheed P-38) and Warhawk (Curtiss P-40) fighters carried out these raids. The bombing and strafing attacks were made at varying altitudes and resulted in numerous hits on the main camp area, the runway and defensive positions. Fires were also started." Full Penalty Sought in Train Murder Albany. Ore.. April 21 —W) — Robert E. Lee Folkes, 20, accused of first-degree murder in the Lower 13 slaying of Mrs. Martha Virginia James, 21, Norfolk. Va., appeared unperturbed today as his case ncarcd a circuit court jury. As the defense rested its case without calling Folkes to the stand, the stolid, young Negro, a dining car cook on the train on which Mrs. .lames was fatally slashed Jan. 23, became jovial in contrast to his earlier serious demeanor. His attorney, Leroy Lomax, previously had said he would call on Folkes to deny statements introduced by police as confession that 10 had sneaked into Mrs. James' berth, Lower 13, and cut her throat when she awakened and fought Draft Boards May Release Names Liltle Rock, April 21 ')— Local That the bombers took off from | organized around the Hornet ap- Ihe Hornet in rouch weather 800 ; proaehed Japan it was sighted by miles from the coast of Japan and ! an enemy patrol ship. Skippered atlacked at noon, whereas the orig- ; by Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr., inat plan had called for them lo lake off only 400 miles off shore and to go in at night. That not one of the now supreme commander in the South Pacific, the task force had alreadv avoided one Japanese ves- planes sel and \\as trying to avoid another reached the Chinese landing fields when it was seen by the third. In Canada's early days rewards were offered to men who married at 18 or younger. When George Washington became president of the United States, the nation had no navy. to which all had been supposed to :;o; ihe additional 400 mile fliyht to the island a storm encountered after leaving it drained away their gasoline reserves, forcing them to crash — all except the one that reached Russia. That of the 80 officers and men on the flight, one was killed, two are missing, eight are prisoners or presumed to be prisoner of Japan, five are interned in Russia and 05. including seven who were injured, got home through China. Some of the story of the raid had That ship was quickly sunk but it was feared it might have radioed a warning lo Tokyo — a fear which later was proved unfounded by the complete surprsic of the attack. But Ihc raiders hud lo plan for ihe worst and act accordingly. It meant departing 10 hours and 400 miles ahead of schedule: each man knew his chances of surviving were thereby decreases. "But there was not the slightest hesitation." the official report drafl boards now have authority to .-elease for publication the names of registrants sent to induction sla- lion, slale Seleclive Servcie headquarters reported today. Briu. Gen. E. L. Compere, slate director, said this was provided in .1 revised directive received from national headquarters. Several weeks ago national orders had forbidden release of names unlil se- lectces were accepted and assigned to a branch of Ihe armed forces. Local boards slill are forbidden to release names of men rejected at induction stations. Fathers who did not marry off iheir children before they were 18 were fined in Canada's early days. (Continued on Page Two) Natives of Yemen use the husk of their famous Mocha coffee for themselves and export the bean. Prosecutor Harlow Wcinrick emphasized Ihe statements in his closing argument to the jury. "... He cut her to save himself from capture. He is guilty as charged and should be executed in the gas house of the state penitentiary at Salem," Weinrick declared. Lomax countered that the statements were obtained by force. They were unsigned, he said, adding. "Boy, I'll bet you they worked on Folkes plenty trying to get him to sign." The defense attorney, insisting that Folkes was at work in the dining car galley at the time of the slaying, said the stale had withheld important evidence and failed to produce key witnesses. "Where is Funches'.'" he asked, referring to John Funches, dining car waiter who was brought here by the state as a material witness and then released as having no connection with the crime. Cfi'irt was adjourned while Judge L. G. Lewelling prepared his instructions to the jury, which he will present later today. Allied Headquarters in North Africa,'April 21 — (IP) — Dashing veterans of the Eighth Army have cap? tured Enfidaville, Axis coastal an- f chor 50 miles south of Tunis, in t the first hours of an offensive to crack the enemy's Tunisian corner and have hurled back four counter-assaults in some of the fiercest > fighting since the Nazis were thrown out of Egypt, the Allies announced today. ' Accompanying Gen. Sir Bernard- L. Montgomery's drive from ;trte, ' * south, which was opened at ll' 1,4 o'clock 'Monday night with a ' mighty barrage from hundreds of guns, the British First Army has; moved forward lightl in the Med- jez-El-Bab sector west of'Tunis, said a communique from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters. 7 The newest assaults, aimed at collaspinR thn mountain rim. held by Marshal Erwin Rommel and < Col. Gen. Jurgcn Von Arnim, were smashed with the northwest African air force's heaviest bombardments of Axis airfields the cam- ' paign has seen and by violent air battles in which 27 enemy aircraft were shot down yesterday. Along with other planes shot down on previous days but not previously reported here, this score brought to 151 the total of enemy planes destroyed in the last three days. "Enfidaville has been occupied and all initial objectives captured after fierce fighting," the commun- ique said. "Four enemy counterattacks have been repulsed. Fighting continues." While hundreds of Allied planes ranged the skies, air reconnaissance showed that flying fortress attack on Palermo, Sicily, had caused tremendous damage; with the harbor blocked by the hulks of 28 ships, sunk .or damaged. The sunken shipping consislcd of five merchant vessels, a destroyer, another naval vessel and u minelayer, an official report said, while damaged ships included seven merchant ships, two escort vessels, a tanker and a repair ship. Inactive shipping in the harbor included four motor ferries, at least two of which were severely damaged, three hopper barges, two of which 1 were damaged, one submarine probably damaged and one merchant vessel. had Axis planes were destroyed on Sunday, the day huge German air transport formations were shot up, bringing thai clay's aerial losses of the enemy to 98 aircraft "Further report received of operations show that on April 18 art additional 10 enemy aircraft were destroyed and that on April 19 fighters of the coastal air force shot down two enemy aircraft,'" the war bulletin said. The figures bring to 151 the official total of enemy planes downed in three days of fighting. AH initial objectives were gained in the fighting about Enfidaville, headquarters slated. The objectives were the Takrou- •i:\ Heights west and northwest of Enfidaville and about 46 m^les counterattacked and succeeded in moonli-ght Monday after an intensive artillery barrage •—Gen. Mont- •'omery's usual prelude to an offensive. (The Rome radio, broadcasting 'ho Itnlian communique, declared that Montgomery's barrage was of exceptional intensity. "The violent impact of the enemy was firmly borne by Italian and German, troops which at several points (Continued on Page Two) ¥ The communique said it been found that 10 more

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