Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland on September 24, 1944 · Page 7
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Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 7

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Cumberland, Maryland
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Sunday, September 24, 1944
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Page 7
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SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD., SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1914 SEVEN listory Made Here It. Savage And Lonaconing Important In Iron-Making The Important pai~t played by the t. S*v»ge Rolling Mill and the corse's Creek Goal and Iron Comin the development of the on Industry In the ISOO's Js told an article in. the current issue of iteel Pacts"," a national trade iblication. The former was one of the first akers of rails and the latter nong the leaders to use coke as it; fuel for a big furnace. "Only about 5,000 tons of pig iron pre produced in 1810 In Maryland id until 1830 the state showed a it-gain of only one furnace," the tide" states^ •'Among the new Maryland enter- •tses established near the begin- ng of the nineteenth century were \e Avalon Iron Works near Relay iteh made bar Iron and nails, and rolling mill near Clkton, built tout 1810. •Following the practice of those ys, the furnaces used charcoal r fuel. Wood was abundant and e immediate localities around the rnaces also provided iron ore. 'About Ihe same time a few of e nation's bolder individuals were peritnenting with ways to haul aded wagons for short distances on tracks of stone or wood or rap iron fastened to wood.. Mary- was destined to play an his- rlc role in the history of railroads flowing the state's issuance of B charter on February 28, 1827 to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the 'irvst line to 1 convey passengers in this nation. "Pushing construction westward through the forests, a small distance at a time, the B. Si O. early in Its existence made use of strap iron rails fastened to wood with four- inch wrought iron nails, or laid upon stone. The iron straps were about one-half inch thick and two and one-half to four inches wide. A few years later, notwithstanding the tact that small Jots of cp*t iron rails had been made successfully in this country, wrought iron rails were imported from England. "The early railroad operators were hesitant to use rails producec by the small iron works of the colonies. It was not until 1844 that any sizable amount of what was then heavy rail, weighing 42 pounds per linear yard, was produced in the United States. (Nowadays mos ! main line rail weighs over 110 pounds per yard, and some is as much as 150 pounds per yard.) "In 1844 the Mount Savage Rolling Mill in AHegany county, Maryland, produced about 500 tons o: 42-pound rail, shaped like an verted "U". In the same year rails mill. rails arid by 1848 production of iron ails in the United States amounted o 24,318 tons a year, "The B. Si O.'E famous locomotive Tom Thumb, first to be built in the Jnlted States, was constructed at Baltimore by Peter Cooper and put nto service in 1830. Gun barrels were used - as tubes in the boiler, which was about as big as a flour barrel. "By 1848 the B. & O. was purchasing rails made in the United States in fairly large amounts. One contract negotiated with the Avalon ;ron Works in 1848 called for 400 ons of 51-pound 'U" rails, 19 to 21 feet long, priced at $65 per gross on, delivered. For years to come he production of rails was to rise swiftly as carriers linked the early sattlements. "Maryland during the period 1800-50 achieved fame in another mportant respect when coke was used in 1837 as the fuel for a big furnace, 50 feet high, built at Lonaconing by the George's Creek Coal and Iron Company. This was one of Lhe earliest uses of coke in American ironmaking. In 1839 this furnace produced as high as 10 tons of foundry iron per week, which was high output in that era." The article, one of a series, also deals with early iron-making' in Virginia and West Virginia and mentions Harper's Perry and Wheeling. A number of iron furnaces were operated In Preston county, W. Va., in the pre-Civi War era. were produced Following the in 'T at the same lead of this Maryland iron works, mills in othei eastern states soon were rolling NO ASSEMBLY LINE Mass production methods will not suffice for compounding prescriptions because one standard medicine will not suffice for all ills . . . .for all systems. Prescription compounding is work for skilled hands guided by a trained and experienced mind because each prescription is o new combination of drugs and measurements demanding infinite care in dispensing. Every prescription brought" to us receives the individual attention of a highly skilled pharmacist. Fiot Conveniently Located Stores To Serve You Quickly Fords Drug Stores 54 N. Centre St. 236 Baltimore Ave. S Zut Mfctn St., Fr»«tburj, Baltimore St Zi S. LM St. Md. Mrs. Earl Browder Is a Citizen Now Returns from Canada On a Visa To Comply with the Law Washington, Sept. 2J W)—The Justice Department said today that Mrs. Ralssa Berkman Browder. wife of Earl Browder, former leader of the Communist party of the United States, has returned to this country from Canada on a visa. Her trip to Canada and her return was a technical device to establish her legal right to residence In the United States. Mrs. Browder's deportation was ordered in 1S40 on the grounds that she had entered the country illegally, but the board of immigration appeals last April withdrew the decree, which never had been put into effect. At the same time the board voted to permit Mrs. Browder to leave the coultry and then return legallj simply by having her visa stamped by an American consul. The department said today she returned "within the last month.' were served promptly at 7 a. m., 12 noon and 5 p. m., in spite of the fact hat the 'mess car' was no Deluxe Diner, lurching, banging and ratting as though the wheels were also MONTGOMERY WARD CHOOSE AT WARDS FROM 250 PATTERNS OF WVLLPAPER In Words complete WaHpaper D*portm«t>» youTI find a fine, fresh selection of wallpaper patterns for every room in your home. You'll find high-quality fade-proof, wash- able, embossed and scrufobaWe papers, too. And a* selection of harmonizing "wallpaper ensembles," in coi- on and patterns specially designed to "go together" m adjoining rooms! AH at Words traditional low priced (From 6< fo $U5O a r**0 CEILING PAPERS, TOO! Yes, at Wards, you can still buy ceiling papers for ffw rooms of your home! All are fvtl, standard weight . ; . all Save Words famous "Trim Easy" edge 'Top-quality foolproof and washable papers are Included ; ; . and ail at Wards usual rock-bortoro prices! Fr*m 6c 10 2k a r*R. • r«0M to Kmff JVloritgomery Ward Baltimore Street at George Phone 3700 OPINIONS from Sunday Times Readers Eiprtssiant o/ opinion are ixrtttd from readcrt< and will be given conttderaiton jor publication in The Cumberland Sunday Times. £ecauie o/ tpace limitation* leitert i.'iould not 'izcced 300 aortt. and rr.uxt reach the editor before noon Friday. Letter* must be tigned but, on request, a writer'* namt will bt omitted in the paper. Sailor Wanls Green Ridge Area Open For Hunting Editor Sunday Times: I am writing this letter relative to the thirty thousand acres of land, which lies 15 miles ensfc of Cumberland, known as Green Ridge section, in Allegany county, recently posted, with the hopes that posting restrictions may be lifted so that the sportsmen may once again enjoy good hunting. According to my knowledge, five thousand acres of this land had once been posted and at the same time this site had once been occupied by a CCC Camp. Presently, much of this area is used as a Prisoner of War Camp. I feel that such restrictions are unfair to sportsmen as this territory abounds with plentiful game. Any restrictions that can be removed would certainly be appreciated by the sportsmen for the sport of it. Mr. Le Compte, who Is the chief .state game warden, has come to the .assistance of sportsmen before, and I am sure that any assistance he would give at this time, would be a fine gesture on his part and one that we sportsmen would never for!get. I am appeaUng to the higher-ups, i the chief game warden and to all supporters of my cau.se that this jarea. be once again free from any j restrictions whatsoever. [ Tills surprising news has only re| centlj- come to my attention, other! wi.se you would have heard f~ me long before this time. RUSSEL C. RIGGS, 8F. l- T Division Life on Board (Continued from Page g) 36 beds, end to end, two decks high Some of them have a spccal compartment in which the wounds of the more serious 'injured may be dressed, or emergency operations performed. Each car Is equipped with two toilets, six wash basins, a medicine cabinet and a locker for sheets, towels and other necessities These cars also carry 5,000 pounds of ice and are fully air-conditioned They are completely staffed by Army men. "On our trip, equipment, supplies land luggage filled the baggage car but the kitchen car was the center flat. "A typical breakfast menu Sn- eludes soft' boiled eggs; bacon; uncooked cereal; bread, butter and [am; coffee or milk. Dinner (Army lesignation) : roast beef; mushed potatoes and gravy; stewed corn; iread milk. Al! t of all interest and was situated in aread and butter; fruit salad, milk. Supper (again the Army): baked lam with raisin sauce; buttered carrots; asparagus; boiled potatoes; and butter; rice pudding; patients ate in the seats assigned to them, or in their beds. Paper plates and cups, and silverware, were passed out to each man Just before mealtime. Mess attendants, starting at each end of the train with containers of hot food, passed through the cars, serving the; men as they went. The patients I-?'; could have all they wanted for the| " asking. "With typical Army efficiency, the paper plates and cups, as well as other refuse, were collected in special containers after each meal to be set off at the next stop. The silverware was taken to the kitchen car to be washed. Three Classifications Patients are classified as Surgical Ambulant, Surgical Litter, Medical Ambulant and Medical Litter. Surgical Ambulant are patients recovering from surgery or awaiting surgery. Surgical LJHer and recent surgery cases. Medical Litter are fever and general disaese cases, and Medical Ambulant are cases that are well on the way to recovery from such illnesses'. There were patients assigned to our group on the Kansas trip. Of this number only five were in the more serious classifications. AH were casualties of the Pacific area."I was put in charge of a Pullman, car, carrying only Ambulant patients. Under my care were Illness of an injury gives one man precedence ayer another. The staff of the two cars that carried our group consisted of one doctor, Ca.pt. Raymond C. Clapp (U.S.M.C.); one nurse, 2nd Lt. Jeimette y. Lewlson (A.N.C.); nnd nine medical corpsmen. "It is really touching to see the faith that wounded men have in the Medlcai Corps and the loyalty they display toward It. They accept all directions without question, nnd not once on the trip that took usi buses «nd ambulances, and many of from California, across Nevada.) ll iem shook hands with the doctor, Utah and Colorado, into Kansas,p»'rst u»d corpanrn. express-In? was there any complaint about cat-itheir appreciation for services ron- sleeping facilities—or nny-!dert<3. thine else. '•Arriving at Topeka. our two cars were shifted lo a siding, and the rest of the train continued on its "Later, as we 'deadheaded' back to San Franmco, 1 couldn't help to-month basis." thinking it should be the other wxy journey eastward. The staff of the [around: Winter General Hospital WHS there! "These are tin 1 men ;o be thanked to meet us. The patients werc|—il Is they who tiave done the transferred at once to waitingjreally big job" WANTED: . . . 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Per Gallon Auto Glass Replaced Leave it tons—when your car's windshield or « window geti imasheil.We'll initnll Duplnte Safety Piste GU<i promptly. Givn your .family the protection of fine lafety g!fls». QUEEN CITY PAINT and GLASS CO. 15 N-. MECHANIC ST. m CLEARANCE! JUST 30 3-PC. LIVING ROOM SUITES THAT FORMERLY SOLD AS HIGH AS $189,50 AND MORE! Why the clearance? These suites hove no springs. We are constantly gelling new suites built with innerspring construction—That's \vhy we are clearing these suites far below our actual cost price! • Wool Tapestry'. • Wool Bouclc! »Wool Frierc! JUST THIS LIMITED QUANTITY OF 3-PC. SUITES TO CLEAR AT $69,50! UMf 9u1 nitirte Co. 42-46 BALTIMORE STREET COMPLETE HOME FURNISHERS PHONE 70 c : r r: 01 o . r if h. r. n I V- TI 1 . i or' Id U f IT, Ol ll V so k, J

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