Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 20, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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| The Byline of -*\ Dependability V ' * Hope .UME 44—NUMBER 159 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January IB, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight. Light frosts tonight in east and north portions. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, APRIL 20, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Hies Increase Plane Toll Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor > ALEX. H. WASHBURN Government 1 in Liquidation Congress Forces the Issue The House of Representatives yesterday approved a De- jrtmentof Agriculture appropriation bill from which all funds |r the Farm Security Administration had been stricken out— eaning that the days of FSA are numbered. ~® So the process of liquidation of inemy Base on lard by U. S. —War in Pacific fWashinglon, April.20—(/P)—Amcr- |an fighter planes, doubling as pit bombcds, dropped 17 tons of kplosives on Japanese position on tiska in the Aleutians, the Navy jpported today. fin the South Pacific, meanwhile, leriean and Japanese planes c.x- tiangcd bombing iittacks on Guild- ijcnnal and Munda. |Navy communique No. 3f>0 said: "South Pacific: All dates east jngitude) ""1. On April 18th. A) During the night. Liberator lonsolidated B-24) heavy bombers tacked Japanese installations at imda in the central Solomons. Its were scored on the runway id a large explosion resulted. "(B) Tile same night, Guadalca- il Island was bombed by Japa:se planes, resulting in slight cas- (alties to United States personnel d very slight damage to maler- 1. One of the Japanese bombers as shot down. "North Pacific: "2. OrvApril 18th, Japanese positions at Viijjka .were- <atr;iclcetf nifte Imes by formations of Army War- tiawk (Curtiss P-40) and Lighting jLockhccd P-38) fighters, in these jUtacks, a total of 17 tons of bombs Mas dropped. Hits were scored in he northhcad, Salmon Lagoon, and riain camp areas. Fires were Started in the submarine base Iron." § The Jap submarine base former- was a frequent licks. target of al- experimcntal peace-time government works continues. We saw the CCC camps abandoned, then the WPA—-and now the FSA is about to go. Not that we were all in agreement about the wisdom of abandoning these various agencies. 1 think most people had a feeling the CCC camps should have been retained after many other agencies were wiped out. But taken alto gethcr, the many new, fields of ac tivity which the federal government went into during the last ten years represented something that became highly unessential the minute war was declared. The same government which "cracked down" on private business in the name of the war effort, which took millions of men out of private jobs and put them into uniform at soldier's pay, and closed thousands of private businesses— this same government was confronted by the necessity of pulling its own house in order. Which meant the liquidation of unnecessary departments, the saving of Iheir running expense, and the release of their workers eilher to the armed services or the essential industries. This sudden governmental housecleaning did not begin, however, until after last fall's congressional elections. Remcmbpr that, whenever you profess to despair of the functioning of a republic in these troubled times. All around you are cynics, defeatists, learned "know-it-alls", who, try. to tell you that dernocracy is crumbling as a way- of governmental life—and that the common people of a nalion no longer have any voice in the actual making o: governmental policy. That kind of criticism sometimes smacks of the truth in war-time because in things strictly military the people can not safely take a hand. These things must be left up to experienced military leaders President Visits Arkansas in Tour of Army Camps By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL Aboard Roosevelt Train, April 20 —(/P)—President Roosevelt is making n second major inspection of America's expanding war effort and has scon tens of thousands of fit, bronzed troops which, he indicated, will be used to hammer out or maintain a second front Europe. Weaving through the southeast- up on morale and the war President Worships Palm Sunday With^4OO Men at Camp Joe T. Robinson By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL Camp Joseph T. Robinson, April 18 —(/P)—(Delayed)—(A 1 ) President Roosevelt worshipped at Palm Sunday services today with 3,400 men of the fighting forces, and he said it was something he would always remember." The chief executive paused at this Army post, outside Little Rock, while touring the country to check Recently the objective ordinarily |as been the enemy's air base de- gclopmcnt on Kiska. There was no icnlion today, however, of at- on the runway or other air [use projects. Navy spokesmen said they did |pt know what the Japs had at |ither north head of Salmon La- 4t°n. North head was described as jjeing at the northern end of the ilrnce to Kiska harbor while Sal- ion Lagoon lies just- north of jorth Head. I Nor were the'spokcsinan able to ''Explain why fighters had only been 4jj&cd in the nine attacks. The tWeight of bombs dropped was not fjput of line with what a score or r.o jjj; fighters could accomplish in nine attack missions. But both mod- jurn and heavy bombers have been scd in Aleutian attacks and there no explanation as to why they not mentioned in the report O[or Sunday. * ' Kiska has now been reported bombed 00 times this month alone, 124 times since the aerial offensive begun March 1. And in military matters congress is just as helpless as the people AH of us arc trusting to the patriot ism and capacity of the leaders o our armed forces—and they will dc liver victory to us in due time. But great as it is ,the war still occupies only part of the. attention of our national government. Most of the Home Front with its thousands of domestic problems still remains the exclusive province of Jap Pacific Bases Blasted 9by Americans Gen. Douglas MacArthur's he.i.l- ,-quarlcrs announced today thai Al' Jicd warplancs, operating alone dei bpitc Ihe enemy's mounitng aerial ^trciiglh, attacked five Japanese pases yesterday in the islands above- Australia. On both sides, the tremendous struggle for control of the Southwest Pacific skies had slackened ^appreciably. ™ Targets hit by single United Nations planes included the enemy airdromes at Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea; Gasmata and Cape Gloucester, New Britain; and Lao and Finschlial'eii, New Guinea. t A small Japanese silip was also 'bombed off Tanimbar Island. O n the Burma front, British headquarters reported lhat Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavell's forces ambushed 200 Japanese Mroops on Mayu Rigde, along the 'Bay ot Bengal, killing 25 and wounding "many more." Otherwise. the situation remained unchanged as the British held strung defensive position after falling back from the Mayu Aeniivsulu, while RAF planes raked Japanese ground positions in low- level attacks. the congress and the millions of voters back home. Now the national administration for one reason or another obstinately stuck lo ils resolve lo defend every one of its recent peace-time activities, and lo keep them running regardless what the expense and regardless how much manpower Ihcy lied up in unessential activity. Then the people spoke. They crippled the party's working majority in the House of Rcpre- senlalives. Furthermore ,the clcc- lion returns in Ihe lower house inspired independently-minded men to speak out from the Democratic ranks in the senate. Political revolt flared up—and the resull was that the long-delayed house-cleaning was set in motion. Never for one moment forget lhat this is a republic, that the ills of government are only such as a cynical and lazy and cowardly people loleralc because Ihey never lake Ihe trouble lo vole. We have jusl seen a fine object lesson in democracy — which works whenever it is really applied. ern stales by special train and motor, he has visited a Marine Corps base, a WAAC training center, and five Army spots, and reviewed div- teinn after division of fit-looking fighting men, with months of toughening behind them. Ahead of them may be glory on the; European continent. "The troops you have seen will do a good job in Europe?" A reporter asked at a press conference aboard his train. Mr. Roosevelt replied that he ! vould say so from what he had of our troops in Norlli Africa uid here back home. The chief executive permitted an uinouncemcnl loday lhat he had oiircd Virginia, North Carolian, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Arkansas as a sequel lo the swing which look him from border o border and coasl lo coast last 'all, checking up on military and war production establishment. He left Washington April 13, and, jriofly and chronologically, here is where ho has slopped and what he lias seen: . April 14. Maxwell Field, Ala., icnr Montgomery whore fledgling pilols receive Ihe rudimentary schooling which enables them to become crack aviators. Units also were present from nearby Pabe and Craig fields, which offer actual flying instruction. April 15. Fnrt Benning, Ga., near Columbus, where basic training is provide'd for troops that 'drop from the sky by parachute and top men from the ranks arc pushed forward as candidates for officers' commis- ions. April 15 and 16, Warm Spring, Ga., where Mr. Roosevelt spent a leisurely 26 hours seeing old friends and looking over an infantile paralysis foundation which he was instrumental in establishing. April 17. fort Oglcthorpc, Ga, where the chief cxeciilivo saw for Ihe first time a training center for the Womcns Army Auxiliary Corps. April 17. Camp Forrest, Tenn., where the president inspected the whole 80th infantry division, with every item of ils equipment laid out for him to see and ten months of concentrated training behind it. April 18. Camp Joseph T. Robinson, Ark., near Little Rock, where he attended Palm Sunday church services with 3,400 officers and men in a tremendous gymnasium. The chief executive told the press il was hard lo pick oul what impressed him most, but he thought il was the great improvement in troops of all kinds, as compared with what he had seen on his trip last September. He said he thought the country was turning out snappier troops in bcller physical condition. Morale in general he described as very, very high, and he asserted the men looked awfully fit. He spoke, loo, of Die permanent value pro- reap- gram; and men in uniform ceived him with enthusiastic plausc, yells and whistles. Afler riding through the camp, between six-milc-long-lines of soldiers standing two paces aparl, he stopped at a field house for nonsectarian services conducted by Chaplain Crawford W. Brown. There was no sermon — only stirring hymns, prayers, the reading of a scripture lesson, a responsive reading and the recitation of the Apostles' Creed. After the services, Mr. Roosevelt urned to Ihe men packing the big lall, grinned, waved, and called oul softly, "Good-bye, boys." Sab jath solemnity ended suddenly, and hey nearly took the roof off with heir cheers. The president met the chaplain, .old him he would always remember the services, and remarked in a serious tone: "I've never heard uiythins i,, my life as wonderful as those boys singing 'Onward Christian Soldiers.' " That was the processional hymn, accompanied by a band, and it was sung as a whiterobed soldier bearing a cross marched slowly down Ihe center aisle and up a flight of green-carpeted steps to the altar. He was followed by soldiers, Negro and white, carrying Ameri- can flags and regimental . colors, and by Ihe chaplain and an assistant. The services had been arranged 'or an amphitheater scaling 15,000, but were moved inside because of heavy morning rain. Some of the men along Mr. Roosevelt's route through the post lad to stand in mud up to their shoe tops. Soldiers sitting in jleachcrs or arrascd in solid ranks back from Ihe roads — men with no official duties to perform on Sunday let. loose with yells and whistles as he approached. And the officers were as noisy as the rest. The bleachers arc used for outdoor classes. The spot itself, specializing in an eight weeks course in "immaterial" replacement training, looks like a magnified tourists camp because of long, neat rows of huts where officers and men live. Men are training others in nearly any to replace branch of army service—its immaterial where they go. Governor Homer M. Adkins of Arkansas and Brig. Gen. Francis B/ Mallon, commanding Ihe immaterial training center, greeted the chief executive at his special train, toured the post with him in an open car, and sat beside him at church. The president also met Brig. Gen. W. H. Colbcren, commanding the 92d division; Col. Slerling Wood, commanding combat team 3071; and Col. Cover C. Graham, post commander. Arrival and departure honors, including the playing of Hie national anthem by a band, were given by the 14th training regiment. of the Irainhij camps. educational progranis and in physical military The officers and men, he said, Oil Production Rate Slightly Increased Washington, April 20 —ifl't— Petroleum Adminstrator Ickes certified to petroleum producing states today a daily May production rale of $4,237,400 barrels of all petroleum liquids, an increase of 52,300 barrels over the lolal certified for April. Most slale quotas were litlle changed, except for Texas, where the rate was increased by CO,000 barrels daily to meet requirements of the war emergency pipeline at the Longview terminal in East Texas. Certified daily production rates for May compared with April in- aro eager to get in the show and get it over with. Last fall Ihe chief execulive said ho had found Washington lagging far behind the rest of the nation in war spirit, and he declared he thought exactly Ihe same thing now, after seeing the southeast. Ihe people away from the national capital, he said, have a much better sense of proportion and perspective than those in Washington. He remarked that he had not seen or heard of a single bloc. To a question whether he was "ready to prescribe inspections for other people in Washington," he responded Compromise on Ruml Tax Plan Appears Near Washington, April 20 (/P)—A possibility developed today that Rcpub licans supporting the skip-a-year and pay-as-you-go income tax plan and opposing Democrats might. compromise on the abatement of approximately SO percent ot one year's income taxes. Such an agreement would encompass a 20 percent withholding levy against the taxable part of all wages and salaries. The bi - Partisan "compromise group," after encountering a virtually complete collapse of their el- forts yesterday, made "one last try" to bring about a meeting of minds. Rcpublcian Leader Martin of Massachusetts said "today will settle it one way or the other." Ho added: "There's slill a chance thai we'll have a compromise." One convenience member said the Republicans and Democrats might "from sheer exhaustion" come In an agreement on cancellation of about 50 percent of either 1942 or 1943 taxes. If the breakdown occurs in tlv. 1 friendly bi - Partisan compromise drive, Martin is prepared to move immediately in an effort to obtain the signature of 218 House members, a majority, on a petition which would open the way for another House vote on the modified Ruml skip-a-year plan, defeated by the Democrats three weeks ago, 215 to 198. Republicans now are confident they would win on another vote, but Democrats appeared just as certain they could defeat it again. The compromise group, composed of ranking members of both parties on the Ways and Means commlitee, met until late yesterday with Speaker Rayburn (D- Tex.), leader of the Conciliatory parley, Martin, and Democratic Leader McCormack, in what was lo have been the deciding conference. It was understood the Democrats ^George Urges Open Talks on Food Problems Washington, April 20 —(/P)— Demanding open discussion of international food problems, Scnatoi George (D-Gn.i declared today th,v if preliminary talks have not reached a point whore the public can be kept informed then next month's Hot Springs, Va., confer cnce was called prematurely. George told reporters he felt that present arrangements barring the press from contact with delegates and from attending an but the formal opening and closing sessions "cannot but have a bad effect on American opinion." "I don't sec why the whole question of postwar production and distribution of food cannot be discussed openly and why public discussions would not be helpful," declared the Georgia senator, who is chairman of a special Senate com- milteoc study cconmoci planning for the peace period. "If the preliminary conversations :iave not been held which would permit public discussion of these problems, then the conference is premature." Although Democratic Leader Barklcy of Kentucky told reporters Hie slate dcparlmcnl soon would announce an agenda for the meeling, George said Ihere was nothing in the outline of conference plans made by Dean Acheson, assistant secretary of state to indicate lhat any bai yet had been reached for anthing except the most preliminary kind of talks. Barkley said he was satisfied that no commilmcnls could be expected lo come out of the conference, but Senator Aiken (R-Vt) declared he would feel more assur- anc on Ihis point if the state department would make a formal statement to that effect. "I can't understand why it is so advisable to exclude members of Ihe press or member of congress |from the meeting," Aiken said, "I Nazi Attacks Increase but Reds Holding —Europe By Eddy Gilmore Moscow, April 20 —(/P)— Large- scale German attacks have increased in the Kuban delta area of the Black Sea coast, and reports today said the Germans had attained numerical superiority in some places, but despite the weight of their attacks they were reported to have gained neither any major success nor any new territory. Sharp midnight assaults, supported by a cjuadron of tanks, gave them a wedge in Soviet positions in an undisclosed sector but the Russians said they had thrown the Germans out. The Germans lost 400 dead in one sector, said the midday communique.. The Nazi attacks were mounted I from near the Sea of Azov to the I heights of Novorossisk and the German air force continued to lend the ground troops heavy support. The Germans were met however, by determined Russian air re- istance and effective antiartillery ire, which combined to down 17 enemy planes since yesterday. (A German broadcast, recorded by the Associated Press, said strong air formation struck at So- iel positions, troop concentrations ind supply dumps south of Novor- ossik Sunday night and "again nflicted great losses of men and material." The German communi- que said a fierce struggle was taking place there. (In the Don river bend rail transport and railway installations were bombed and 11 trains were severely damaged, the German broadcast said.) (The German radio claimed their heavy artillery was continuing to shell strategic war plants in Leningrad. .. ,,-,„., . •- , _ n : (The Germans asserted 178 R"US- sian aircraft were destroyed from April 16 through April 19 with a loss of only 1J German aircraft.) Roosevelt Will Talk to Nation Tonight Washington, April 20 — (/I')—President Roosevelt will address the nation at 10 o'clock, Central War Time, tonight in a speech to be broadcast over all radio networks, the White House has announced. Subject of his talk was not given. 48-Hour Total Is 112; Little Ground Action 'Shangri La' Was Carrier Says Report Cleveland, April 20 — (JP) — The mother of a suburban Lakewood sailor said today her son lold her an aircraft carrier was the "Shangri La" base from which Maj. Gen. Jimmie Doolittle's fliers attacked Tokyo April 18, 1942. (Shangri La, an imaginary place in Tibet in James Hilton's novel "Lost Horizon," was the name President Roosevelt gave reporters as the taking-off place of the planes which carried out the Tokyo raid.) (The Japanese asserted last Jan. 13 thai the aircraft carrier Hornet was the Shangri La base used by Doolitllc and his fliers.) Mrs. Julia Radulovich revealed her son, Aviation Machinist's Mate George Radulovich, 20, was a member of the carrier's crew and gave her Ihe information when here on leave last December. She said he is now on the west coast. Mrs. Radulovich related her son told her how the force of Billy Mitchell bombers took off from a carrier 250 miles from Japan amid cheers of Ihe ship's crew. The mother also said her son informed her Ihe task orce escorting the aircraft carrier sank two Jap fishing boats and an enemy destroyer en route to the point where the bombers took off. Mrs. Radulovich quoted her son as saying Doo little was the first to take off and flew overhead until the bomber squadron assembled in formation -Africa B WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April 20 (/P)— The Allied aerial offensive, continuing its scorching pace against the Axis air ferry route and warplane nests, cut y down 24 more enemy planes yesterday, bringing the 48-hour total ' lo 112, of which 70 were JunkersS? transports, a communique from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's head-" quarters announced today '* Raising its total on the flaming Sunday battle -over the Sicilian 4 straits, when troop - loaded Ger- , man transports tumbled out of the sky like leaves in a forest fire. Allied headquarters said three more, nemy fighting planes had been ac- <• :ounted for by American pilots and '' ( heir RAF and South African Al- > ies from the desert air force. This , put the total of enemy losses m i hat single battle at 58 transports and 19 fighters'. > The fierce, but somewhat slack- ', ened offensive was continued yes- ' .erday against Marshal Erwm x Rommel's aerial ferry loute and' ' resulted in the destruction of 12 more Junkers-52's and eight fight- > ers, the communique said. Four more Axis planes de- -.' stroyed in other fighting yesterday, l *' and 11 in assorted actions Sun- , day brought the two - day toll to ' 112. Against these losses, the com- V munique said the Allies had 12 ^ planes missing yesterday Eleven were announced missing the day before, a two-day total of 23. • ' (A Malta communique said two Junkers-52 was accounted for by > Mosquito bombers from the fort- ( ress isle. i "(In London it -w.nis assumed « ^ . «v 4 I *v V' '„!} Young, Franks Re-elected by School Board The Hope School Board organized for the new school year at last night's meeting in the superintendent's office at the high school. Syd McMath and R. M. LaGrone wore sworn in as directors, having been re-elected for another term. Holdover directors are: E. P. Young, Clifford Franks, W. B. Rug- glcs and died. Hall. The board re-elected E. P. Young as president and ' Clifford Franks as secretary. Superintendent James H. Jones and the entire white faculty were re-oleclcd for the new school year, with provision for slight increases in salary. The negro teachers' list will be determined at the next meeting of the board. HempsteadCo. Hits $143,900 in Bond Sales Hcmpstead county's total sales in the Second War Loan stand at $143,900 today, according to County Chairman C. C. Spragins. Sales of $24,925 in War Bonds niidless night. In Washington, Elmer Davis, di rector of the Office of War Infor mation, has said the full story o the raid on Tokyo had not been re leased because the "security aspect of some of the details had not yet been cleared." Nazi Transport System Target of British London, April 20 —(/P) —British light bombers and fighters struck again last night at the creaking German transport system over a big slretch of occupied Europe and Germany. The Air Ministry News Service said that the RAF's lighter ships ranged against Nazi rail lines and roads from Brilian, Ihrough northern France and Holland, and into northwestern Germany, and Whirlwind bombers attacked shipping in the channel. Two aircraft were missing from the night's missions, the news service said. (The Berlin radio, in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press, said that four enemy bombers which struck at Holland and northwestern Germany last night were shot down and thai a fifth crashed into the channel. . (Meantime, the Paris radio went off Ihe air al 4:45 a.m. (C.W.T.), the Federal Communications Commission reported in Washington. This followed reports that the Luxembourg and Danish radio sta- lions had quit the air, signs of Allied aerial activity.) Britian, meanwhile, enjoyed a Y,, JTr • hope they will rescind that dccis- ba tiled for a compromise plan on- . ° PL ., ]" e > „",. , , itolv 1n ,„,.„„ ginally put forward by Ways and that he thought it would be a n aw- Means Chairman Doughton (D-NCi eluded: District 3 Arkansas 73,000 and 78,000; Louisiana, 359,300 (unchanged!; Mississippi, 50,000 (unchanged!; New Mexico 105,700 (unchanged); Texas 1,502,000. 1,562,000 and fully good idea. On his current travels Mr. Roosevelt has schooled himself thoroughly on how Marines and soldiers are going sternly about the task of learning lo kill, both in the air and on land, und on how the WAACS are training for more than a hundred different jobs so that even more men can be released lo deal out the type of modern murder required by war. In fact, at Fort Benning, Ga., which skims off the upper layer of enlisted men and prepares them for leadership, he attended several open-air classes for officer candidates. At one of the classes, where a skull and crossbones sign proclaimed danger, he sat less than a (Continued on Page Two) to apply the lower 1941 rates and exemptions to 1942 income, and amortize the lowered 142 liability over a period of years, while taxpayers also remitted on current year income. This would wipe out last year's obligations completely for about 7,000,000 taxpayers, reduce the liabilities of others and erase about $4,000,000,000 of treasury "assets," against $,000,000,000 to $1,000,000,000 under the Ruml plan. Republicans were reported to have insisted on a compromise that would abate approximately 75 percent of 1942 tax liabilities for most taxpayers. Doughton, mainstem of the Democratic no-abatement position, said "we shall nol give up in despair until every human effort is exhausted. ion. Public opinion is likely to force the administration to keep the public informed." Acheson, who appeared before a closed joint session of the Senate Foreign Relations and agriculture committees yesterday was reported lo have told the Senator that any decision on relaxing restrictions surrounding the Hot Springs meeling. which begins May 18, would rest with President Roosevelt, Members said Acheson disclosed that the president himself would address the conference. Because virtually all of French West Africa's peanut crop is used for making fuel oil. peanut butter must be imported. Umbrellas are carried by some West African tribesman as emblems of dignity and oflen are not. opened when it rains. were reported yesterday, the previous grand total being $118,975. \ The county's quota is $254,000, ! and current sales are lagging behind the rate necessary to attain that quota, Mr. Spragins pointed out. While Ihe War Bond drive is self-continuing campaign the month of April has been sel aside for intensive effort and the quota is expected to be raised within '.h.-it time. Arkansas attained its quota in Ihe regular sale of War Bonds for Ihe firsl quarter of 1943, while Hcmpstead county failed to nude equal it—and the purpose of Ihe Second War Loan drive locally is to make sure Hempstead raises its full quota, Mr. Spragins said. A Reuters' report from ils cor- rcspondent in Zurich, Switzerland, said that about 800 persons were killed in the RAF's massvie raid Friday night on the Skoda works at Pilsen, in German - occupied Czechoslovakia. Testimony to the utter destruction sown by the RAF bombers in Ihe operation, described by Ihe air ministry as Ihe biggest night raid Circuit Court Session Adjourns Until Fall The Hempstead circuit court ad' journed here late yesterday until the fall session after meeting one day a week for the pasl 3-weeks. In the closing case yesterday Lex Jones was awarded $300 in an overtime pay suit against the Union Lumber Co. ed • Tfeadquar^rs communique, bringing the twoday 't total to 73 Axis transports or 1^ • planes.) . ( • On the ground, the Germans mounted a counterattack in the central sector against French ' forces holding Oued Kebir, south of Bou Araday, but the French bpat off the assault easily. , , The communique said there was. a patrol activity elsewhere, but the fact, that news was meager from the land fronts was not taken as an indication no fighting was going on. (The Italian communique, re$ corded by the Associated Press: from a Rome broadcast, said there violent artillery fire along the front, and the Berlin radio said there was lively activity in which several "local enemy attacks" were turned back.) (Well-informed military quarters in London said there were no signs of wholesale Axis evacuation of military forces from Tunisia Respite the shooting down of transports loaded with military personnel. The passengers may consist largely of specialists no longer needed in Africa, it was suggested.) In fact the German counteiattack and the scale of the continued air war were taken as indications that the Germans were determined to hold the Tunisian bridgehead standing as a guard to the stepping stones lo the European mainland. Bad weather restricted Allied, aerial forces to some extent yesterday, but flying fortresses found a hole in the cloud lo pound the docks and at railroad yards at Tunis, and the night and day assault o n Luft- waffe nests kept going. American Mitchells and Havocs, excorted by Spitfires, twice blasted La Sebala airdrome, eight miles north of Tunis. RAF Bislcys and French borrib- ers carried out night attacks on La- Marsa airdrome 10 miles northeast of Tunis on the coast, and also attacked Provtille (El Kanlara), 14 miles north of Tunis. Americans in Warhawks accounted for a large part of the success in shooting down 70 Junkers52's in Ihe last Iwo days. The wreckage of tile year when coupled with the simultaneous attacks on Ludwig- shaven and Mannheim, was given in the report, which said thai everylhing within an acra of 50 acres appears lo have been destroyed. German experts, it was said, estimated it would lake from three lo five months lo gel the Skoda works running again on a restricted scale. The Germans, meanwhile, were reported to have stepped up their reconnaissance by day and night, a n indication they are attempting to keep close watch on invasion preparations in Britain. About 75 men out of each thousand rejected by the armed forces are turned down for psychiatric reasons. nf transports and fighters covered Ihe beaches of northern Tunisia, much as burned debris Uttered Britain's beaches in 1940. These night attacks were aided by naval aircraft which dropped flares to light the largels, it was disclosed. As a result of the round-theclock allack, il was said, German and Italian air defenders must stand on a 24-hour basis which was certain lo exacl a heavy fatigue toll. (The Italian communique broadcast by the Rome radio and re corded in London, said that there was violent artillery fire along the Tunisian front and that air activity was "intense." (The death toll from the RAF Sunday night raid on Ihe Italian Navy base at Spezia was listed at (Continued on Page Twq)

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