SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD., SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER- 24, 1944 FIVE Carl's Scrapbook Praclicer Century Ago Carls iu Medicine Gave Color to Eckhart Mrs. Richards' Father Dr. Cromwell's Career Hayes to Grant By FRANK LEE CARL private. May 24, 1862, he Is a full stirgeon wlh the rank of major. Assigned to the Army of Northern irglnia, he knew Lee and Jackson. t was just before the battle at Gettysburg he came upon them, lone, eeated on a log in earnest onversatton, and consultation of a map. Dr. Cromwell was also close "to Gen, Lee at the surrender at Ap- orrmttox. On receiving his parole AprU 10, 1865. he started for The country doctor comes .in for j third scrapbook week, with the 5'ibject far from exhausted. Quite ^ few who attained prominence In ,he Tri-State territory more than a half century ago will be subjects for a future article. Living in Cumberland is a woman, active in her eighty-ninth year, whose father, a country doctor, was ceep in practice covering three states several decades before the \Viir between the States. She is Mrs. S. Ella Richards, 843 Gephart Drive, widow of the Rev. Dr. Thomas Davis Richards. Her father KSS--Dr v William Carl, born in August. 1822. One of her three sons, D:. Davis Keeper Richards, gave his life in the first World War. He v.as a member of the United States Army Medical Corps, his death occurring at Camp Merritt, N. J., irom pneumonia, contracted while in the performance of his duty. His tody rests in the same plot with his grandfather at Warfordsburg Pa., four miles north of Hancock and two miles north of the Mason and'Dixon line. Here Dr. Carl spent 'his active career. Horseback, he answered culls ir Allegany county, Maryland, beyond Sideling Hill. There was hard!} any limit to distance calls made in Pennsylvania, while he would be seen on lonesome trails in Virginia crossing the Potomac by ferry a Hancock nnd as often fording the stream. When West Virginia was formed his practice reached four states. He would be found answering calls in old Virginia, •j;ay of Berkeley Springs. l:ad spread because of success in treating cancer and his death ciune ai the heighth of his powers at .'ixiy, from pneumonia, contracted while performing a postmortem in e cold room in midwinter with the view to establishing actual cause oi death in a tase thought to involve cancer. Dr. William Carl was called a ten-gallon hat, he loomed above the mourners. Doctors seemed to be the rule n the Carl connection. Dr. Franklin A, Biishey, who attained an enviable •ecord as a Union surgeon at the >attle of Gettysburg, practiced in Grecncastle and lived under the same roof with his father-in-law Dr. Adam Carl. His wife was Mary Ellen Carl. Today we find their jrandson, Dr. M. Franklin Birely a surgeon with the U. S. Armj Medical Corps in Europe, wnile Dr Birely's father, Dr. Morris A. Birely past seventy, continues practice at Thurmont, Md., where'he has been located nearly fifty years. Dr Birely has forgotten none of the arts of the country doctor and he answers calls almost daily in the Catoctin mountain remoteness. With office hours also receiving attention, it is doubtful if there is a, busier practitioner in the conn try. Regarding his country .prac tice, "I love it," he laconically re piled to a query. His wife is the former Bertha Bushey. Dr. Birely is well known to many as a directo of the Potomac Edison Compan} and a member of the Republican State Central Committee of Fred erick county. DR. CROMWELL GAVE COLOR TO ECKHART LIFE Far from aiming to be, Dr. Ben jamin M. Cromwell was once Eck hart's most colorlxxl resident. TUdin horseback, on Eckhart Hill where , of ten saw him made a picture no to be forgotten. The people of Eck nart saw his hair and beard grlzzl and grow white. Once an Eckhar resident wrote of him: "They love him and they trusted him. He was The Doctor* with all the wealth o meaning that term conveys in community like this mining villag —and his modest sould would desir no loftier epitaph. reading medicine under his uncle, Dr. Adam Carl at Greencastle. Pa., in the !,i:e thirties. Dr. Adam Carl, an F.pothecary as well, bom December 16, 1800, at Hanover, Pa., established a drugstore in Greencastle in 1825. it has continuously remained in the Car] family and is believed the oldest drugstore in Pennsylvania, if not the whole country, maintained from the start by the same family. His first daybook and many apothecary utensils that would be t museum pieces are still preserved. (.Prescriptions then show many drugs ! long since forgotten. - Dr. Adam Carl treated wounded Confederates who stopped at Green- Georgia on a mule he borrowed rom the quartermaster. In 1866 was married to Louisa Carter Burweli of Winchester, Va., n sister of Philip Lewis Burwell, lovig a esid^nt of Mount Savage, Dr Cromwell was not long in obtaining prominence in medicine. His ar- icles were sought by the medical ournals of his day. He Is said to have been one of the first physicians in the country to perform successfully the operation of skin grafting for severe burns. In 1882, Dr, Cromwell located as resident physician for the Consolidation Coal Company at Eckhart. His love for flowers grew and his garden reflected it. Always a passionate lover of nature his horse- jack rides through the mountains were an infinite source of pleasure to him. Children would crowd around him to give him flowers. As age crept over him his hair and seard grew very white earning him the name from them of Santa .dentity with Cumberland. One was Major William McKinley, located lere with Union troops for quite a period. Interest centers in a letter from Brevet Major General Rutherford B. Hayes, Department of West.Virginia, to General Ulysses S. Grant, in charge of the Federal troops at City Point, Va., telling of the bold capture of the Federal Generals George Crook and B. F. Kelley, in this city, February 21, 1865, by Confederate Lieut. Jesse C. McNeill and his 65 rangers, who made a dash into the city while approximately 6,000 Federal troops were encamped in and about it. Gen. Hayes had sent a telegraphic report of the affair, followed by the letter in his own handwriting. The letter, which was uncovered here by a resident, follows: Headquarters Department, West Virginia. Cumberland, Md,, Feb. 21, 1865 Dear General: I sent you a dispatch this morning giving the facts of the capture of Generals Crook and Kelly and of Capt. Melvtn, adjutant of Gen. K About half-past three this morning a party of probably fifty rebels crossed the Potomac above town anc captured the picket post on the road in that direction. They wore blue overcoats and the sentinel who hailed them supposed they were Gen. D wa* absent.- Gen. Sheridan irdered his cavalry to pursue at once rom that direction, A recapture Is probable, but considering the nature of the country, 1 do not think It jrobable. Sincerely, R. B. HAVES. Claus. He was always devoted to animals and his old horse, Dixie, Union Cavalry. One approached him as if to give the countersigi and stepping forward as if to whis- his faithful servant for 25 years,j pcr it, j n hb tli r, pressed a pistol at was considered by him to be a his head and compelled him to sur- member of the family. He is remembered a fine type of the old Southern gentleman. OUTSTANDING INCIDENTS OF DR. HODGSON'S CAREER Dr. Henry W. Hodgson, who died at the age of 95 in June, 1942, had practiced for 11 years. For longevity of career, he was surpassed by no other physician in the Tri- State territory. He was the first physician in this territory to use diphtheria anti-toxin and among the first to employ the x-ray. It is render. This is the sentinel's story. The rebels rode directly to the hotel where Gen. K. quartered and a part passed on to Gen. Crook's headquarters and succeeded in capturing the sentinels on their beats in much the same way as the picket post. They went direct to the rooms of the generals and secured them. In the i meantime, a few horses—three fine! ones of Gen. K—and four or five I OLDTOWNERS SUBSCRIBED FOR BOOK IN 1806 'An old book, "The American !lerk's Magazine," published by Jacob D. Dietrich, Hagcrsiown, Iri 1806, is of local interest. "John P. Thompson, Frederick-Town," was the r printer. It contains "Observations and reference to the Jaw, etc., with a variety of other useful instruments in writing." In the rear of the book is a large number of subscribers from Oldtown, Hagerstown Hancock, Jerusalem (now Funkstown,) Washington county, and other parts of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia and what is now West Virginia, New Jersey. York, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and the District of Columbia, Oldtown seemed to have been the consequential place in Aileganj county at that time, being creditcc with 27 subscribers, while "Aileganj county" has one— K. Tomlinsoh, Esq The Oldtown subscribers are Jacob Lantz, John Rled, Esq., Luther C. Martin, James Martin, James Prather. Jr., Edward Ward, Isaac McCrarktn. George \V. Glaze Thomas Cresap, John Macklefish Richard Short, Joseph Burgess Robert Martin, Edward Wilson, Jr Jesse Chancy, John Turgg of John Samuel Dowden, Jesse Carpenter Richard Jacobs, Jacob Taylor, Con rad Glaze. David Crnybill, Jr., John ilmbertey or Mlchl, Gro. noWnett' t Nathan, William r. Taylor, Ovid McCrackln. Esq., Llsha Athey. Romney subscribers were 1. 1. acobs. Esq., John Irwkecp (2), Wl!lam Iruikeep, James Gibson, Isaac Ccdy Kendall, William Biefflngton, ohn Parker, PtUrlcV. Baker, John Resour, Philip Coole, Peter Wlliams, Benjamin Parker; Moorefleld, 'eler Buffinbargh, John Barrett; PendleUin Court House, Aaron Kee 10), A. W. Hanisard, James John- AS PURE AS MONEY CAN BUY U11CO UA \Jtl*. •*->. CkUVi *uu« vt 4i.iv. I _ x ._ , others were taken and the telegraph I Noaef«ter Nono^er.Non, better. Ptttv Lantw, Flint, Gtorzt C*rrel:, Robert Boyd, Elie D»vt, Thomu Johnston, John Ma*on, John Oliver Bernard Mann, William Red burn. I Smith, Nkttun Henry U Rtdbura. William Cv»i»tj Martin, Joseph PhtnicU. WUlUm ion, Je«a Morrel). Hancock had a good-sized list as tallows: Andrew Gouldlng, William Vales, Efiq., Cspt. James Johnston, James "Banders, Samuel Armstrong, Leonard Schaffer, Hugh Donnelly, David Stephens. George Breathed, James Graham, John Palmer, Joseph Graves, John Sh«pperd, office broken open and the Instru- j do more for you than St. oce roen open an e nsru- . aur ments destroyed. The party hurried [ irjc, and you get 100 tnbleta for only UOc. off, not being in town more than n > Bo aure to demand Su Joseph Aspirin. also noteworthy that he'was amongj few minutes, and crossed the Po- the first in Cumberland to purchase!tomac below town in the direction of Advertisement 6% LOANS NO EKDORSERS QUICK—PRIVATE SERVICE m* f± m^ M&klnf homt repiln 1_ 1 11 j or improvements, to ••II mf pay t*x«, Doctor, den- I III \ stst or hoiplul billi • ^^ * " or scattered d«bu T In- uEti *ut TTiual cVet jT^.Ctti. AUTO FINANCING Sales between Individuals or purchases from dealers. You'll find our charges usually lower—our service better. Fidelity Finance 405 Liberty rriisl Bids LV. 23c ***** IVORY 10 SOAP 59e IVORY 2 SOAP 19 < IVORY FLAKB IAICI MJOIUM • 23c-2,.,21c a model-T Ford. Dr. Hodgson went through the trials of the country doctor. He frequently rode horseback and trav- To most of the people among |eled by horse and carriage or sleigh whom and for whom he spent 35 to reach his patients. years of his life he was just 'The Doctor.' They hung upon his coming; his skill and patience meant to them the difference between life and death; trmy sensed the power for comfort and healing of his hand and brain, even as they glimpsed the. great brave heart -within and felt its tenderness, but few knew or heeded that here was a man who had won high honor among those of his profession—who might, had he chosen to claim all the fruits of his deep study and his natural gifts— have caused the world of science to pause at his name. That he had been a soldier, none who saw him, .'.istle on their retreat from Gettys- stalwart and erect,' riding up anc !n:rg. He was active almost up to [down the roads of Allegnny could U-.p time of death in 1891 in his| doubt—and a soldier he was to the ninety-first year. I recently came last—but few, even among those j Dr. Hodgson, a native of Winchester, Va. .received his medical education at the University of Virginia and Washington University of Medicine of Baltimore. He practiced seventeen years at Frankfort, W. Va., before moving to Cumberland. Dr. Hodgson recalled Civil War battles fought near Winchester. He recalled helping his brother hide the family horse from the Union Army. HAYES REPORT OF COOK AND KELLEY CAPTURE Some few weeks back reference was made to three men who later became presidents of the United JRomney. One telegraph office was eft undisturbed and in a short time word was given to Martinsburg and o Gen. Sheridan at Winchester. 3en. Lightburn went on a locomo- ive to New Creek and directed instant pursuit In that quarter. Gen. Kelley was In command of the post and no doubt the same arrangements as to picketing which were adopted months ago were still continued. I have been in the habit States who had close Civil War of staying in camp and was probably uncared for—at any rate no inquiry was made for me or Gen, Duval. AT-FIRST 'Cold Preparations as; directed: into possession of four interesting books from the library of Dr. Adam Carl. He wrote his name in each jiid as early as 1828. n lit!RIAL RECALLED THAT OF DR. WILLIAM Mac LURE Dr. William Carl was laid to rest ir. January, 1883, amid snow that recalls the funeral of Dr. William MacLure In the highlands as de- who knuew him best could know of the heroic work of his hands among the sick and wounded from Sixty One at Appomattox, of the suffer i ings and sorrows he bore so un- icomplainingly In the four years of ! the Confederacy." Benjamin Mlllchamp Cromwell was born in the old French quarter of New Orleans, the son of Warham Cromwell ' *-'-- "-'— l Cromwell. .Bribed in "Beside the Bonnie Briar Bush." Andrew Carnegie said he could never read of Dr. MacLure's death without shedding tears. then mov ^- to CoIumbuSi Ga-> and became one of .the pioneer cotton and Josephine Heins His father failed in forming & settlement at St. Andrew's Bay, Fla., It having been decimated by yellow fever. The father Cumberland's Post War Planned Bank The snow was so deep that a had to be used to carry Dr. Carl's coffin to the cemetery while the »-hole countryside stood atten- I tion. Dr. Carl had been a farmer. The bed of the sled was too short merchants of the South. 1 Benjamin was sent to Beaufort, S. C., on the Carolina coast where he passed his youth. Here he acquired an intense j love of the seas. It was here also' For the funeral came Dr. George] CONFEDERATE SURGEON ! Davison Cf.rl of Greencastle, a WI TH RANK OF MAJOR cousin, a. son of Dr. Annm Carl. In Those days the mourners kept on their headgear during the service in the church. Dr. George D. Carl was a large, distinguished-looking man, and wearing what might be Graduating from the University of Medicine in New York in 1857, Dr. Cromwell located at Albany.: Ga. When the Civil War broke out; he joined the Albany Guards as a! If You Are Finding It Difficult to Maintain Your WARTIME FAMILY BUDGET Due to:— • Rise in Cost of Living • Increase in Taxes • Purchase of War Savings • Obligations Undertaken Prior to This Emergency Reduce the Amount of Your Monthly Outlay With A PEOPLES VICTORY MORTGAGE LOAN Designed Especially For WARTIME BUDGETS REFINANCE YOUR PRESENT MORTGAGE to consolidate ALL your outstanding obligations through this low, level Amortization Plan. HERE IS A PAYMENT SCHEDULE Keep On Buying U. S. 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