Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on October 12, 1949 · Page 29
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 29

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, October 12, 1949
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Page 29
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EDITORIALS Current Steel Strike Is History Repeating Itself ANY of the everris leading to the current nation- widie steel strike parallel those which culminated in the strike of 1946. But there are major differences, too. In 1946 the union was out for a first- round postwar incre;jkse of 25 cents an hour. Wages had been frozen during the war. After V-J day, work ,time had be^n reduced sharpjy, with a resulting reduction in take- home pay. The cogjt of living was steadily rising, despite OP A controls. These were the factors on which the CIO United Steelworkers based their demands on Sept. 11, 1945. Last May 14, with three post-war wage increases won, thet union gave formal notice that it was comirig out for a fourth-round of 80 cents an ho'ar. But an increase in the pay envelope was of secondary, importance ; most of the demand, 17*/^ cents of the 30, was tor a social insurance and pension program. In both years the union cited industry profits ($2 billion during the war years, $800 million in M*48) as evidence of ability to pay the increpKie without raising the price of steel. In 194(1. the industry said it would have to raise thie price of steel between ?6 and $7 a ton to meet the union's demand; in 1948, $3 a ton. In both yeairs a business recession was threatening. TTde companies argued that profits were falling off and that a higher wage scale would lead to an inflationary spiral and grr»ater unemployment. Look Out Below! VINTAGE OF 1949 steps taken by the federal govern•*• ment we:r>e similar. In 1946, Secretary of Labor Sc hwellenbach first intervened, appointing a 'mediator. But the industry refused to negotiate until the OPA promised 9 price incre ase on steel. This year, Federal Mediation ^Director Ching intervened on July 7, to no avail. In both years, President Truman thereupon took over, appointing a fact-finding board to make non-binding recommendations. In bO'th years the strike was postponed upori the president's request — for 1 week, fron?/ Jan. 16 to Jan. 21, in 1946 ; on 3 separate occasions, for a total of 77 days, from July;/ 16 to Oct. 1, 1949. In 19 $6, however, the president bypassed h'^i own board, proposing an 18 Va cent an Hour increase as a basis for settlement on f. Jan. 17. Moreover, the president intervene /id with the OPA and got a promise of a pri;<:e rise. After the union had accepted -li'iit the industry had rejected his wage fcirmula, he summoned both sides to the whi fe house for continued negotiations. These f failed, and the strike was called. IT'S BEEN SAID: A word of kindness is seldom spoken in vain, while witty sayings are as easily lost as the pearls slipping from a broken string.—G. D. Prentice. Even if the meek did inherit the earth, observes a pessimistic contemporary, the inheritance tax would take it away from them. Many a foolish pedestrian who wouldn't think of walking under a ladder has no qualms against walking against a red traffic light. Fire Safety Memo: No valid argument against exercising the greatest care against fire losses has ever been produced. A fish loses 2.6 per cent of its length in death. But fishermen take care of that shrinkage all right There'd be less lending if borrowing money was as difficult of accomplishment as paying it back. Efficiency in the kitchen has been defined as remembering always where the can opener is. Pity the poor girl who can't even enjoy a good cry without ruining her complexion. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Price Level Lake Mills Graphic: The price level is never static. It is intensely responsive to the supply and demand situation at any given moment, and it varies accordingly. However, now that the shortages are over and there is an abundance of goods of all kinds, the consumer can be certain that his dollar is going as far as the conditions of the time permit. Devaluing Pound Estherville News: We wonder what good can come of the British depreciating the value of their money, other than to rob Britons of their savings and forcing other nations to follow suit and steal the savings of their people, too. Leans on Government Sheldon Mail: The old fashioned man worked hard and saved his money to take care of his old age. His son votes right, shoots his money and expects Uncle Sam to take care oi! his old age for him. Uses for Soap Charles Ciiy Press: It's marvelous the wonderful things a sculptor can do with soap but on the other hand it is still just as hard to get a kid to wash behind his ears with the stuff as it ever was. Indifference Orange City Capital: Folks have frankly grown indifferent to the messes in high places. It is even remarked that "I'm getting sick of hearing about it" when graft is brought to light. "Planned Economy" Council Bluffs Nonpareil: Britain has a "planned economy," but the only plan that has worked so far is to beg and borrow more money from the United States. The Bi? Killer Fairmont Sentinel: The automobile will kill off humanity much quicker than the atom bomb, at the present rate of vehicular extinctions. Charity Abroad Waterloo Courier: Charity still begins at home but it takes an awful lot of trips abroad. year, the president permitted his fa fit-finding board to make the recommendations: A 10 cent employer-paid welfare rn.-ograin, no wage increase. Again the union accepted but the industry refused, in- sistin •£ that the employes also contribute to th ft pension plan. So far there has been no summons to the white house. When ad- ditio rial federal mediation efforts failed, the strike was called. J'-ohn L. Lewis got into the act both years. Eac |i time he criticised Philip Murray, head of l£he steelworkers, for acquiescing to the gQ~\ Comment's proposals. The 1946 strike lasted 25 days. It was no fc until the OPA granted a steel price in- cr ease of ?5 a ton that the industry agreed to* the 18 J /2 cent wage increase. Thus the government began its retreat ft :om its wage-price hold-the-line stand. Our Lost Ideal iTTlODAY Americans should pause to pay -*- tribute to a lost ideal—an ideal which 'Jbuilt the world's greatest productivity—an ideal which conquered the wilds and tamed our rivers—an ideal which made us the greatest nation of all time—and an ideal which caused men to hold heads high with independence. That lost ideal is THRIFT! Before the days of reckless spending, men took pride in saving for "the rainy day" and retirement. Then came new government concepts and the hand of the bureaucrat slipped into the wage earners pocket. What we need is courage to break the wrist on the unweclome ha'nd in our pocket. Why Bother About Courts? I N some of these satellite countries of central and eastern Europe, it appears that courts are superfluous. The accused always •etm to plead guilty. But, on second thought, it does seem sensible to have some agency to accept the pleas of guilt. Observing Counterfeiters in Comeback Fire Is a Killer To Your Health! Roving Reporter : hadn't heard the term "counterfeit money" for so long that I had begun to wonder if it was a thing of the past. One day recently, however, I chanced to lunch with a couple of friends recently returned from a motor trip in the east. Both of them had stories to tell about their contacts with the current counterfeit scare. One, a banker, had given a new $10 bill to a bus driver only to have him examine it with extreme care, holding it up to the light and crinkling it to see whether it had the silken threads which are the mark of distinction of genuine currency. "There's a lot of phoney $10 bills floating around here now," he explained, "and I don't want to be caught with one." "I got it direct from a federal reserve bank," the Mason Cityan assured him. My other friend recalled a like scare in Philadelphia and told of the arrest and conviction of a gang of counterfeiters in New Jersey. They had been specializing on '$10 bills. Memorable Hour of Music k am sure I have never en* joyed a recital more than the one here Sunday afternoon which joined the rare talents of Rachel Senior Merrill, violinist, Dorothy Weston, soprano, and Esther Senior Stinehart, organist. It was in the nature of a delightful homecoming, Mrs. Merrill was reared and achieved renown in Mason City. Her years away from here have added maturity and grace to the other qualities of musicianship she possessed in such abundant measure. But what impressed me most was the melodic character of her offerings. She didn't have to resort to "acrobatics" to make impressive her superb artistry. It was truly an hour long to be remembered. Editorial of the Day A LESSON WELL LEARNED A USTIN HERALD: A short time ago an explosion followed by fire occurred in the largest hospital in Evansville, Ind. Within 15 minutes all the 250 patients were evacuated. Not one, including 39 new or expectant mothers, was injured. * This happy sequel to what might have been a disastrous fire wasn't the result of blind luck. The hospital authorities had learned a lesson from the Effingham, 111., fire which killed 75 persons. They had worked out and practiced a fire drill and the staff was ready to handle an emergency evacuation smoothly and swiftly. Every hospital in the country should learn the same lesson, and act upon it as the Evansville authorities did. A hospital fire can be one of the most ghastly tragedies conceivable. Sometime ago, the Natio'nal Board of Fire Underwriters announced a hospital fire safety inspection program that has aroused an enthusiastic response. This work, which will take about 18 months to complete, will cover some 6,000 hospitals in the United States, including state, city and privately owned and voluntary hospitals of all kinds. The services of more than 950 inspectors and engineers have been made available by fire insurance companies alone. The inspections will be made entirely as a free public service, without regard to any commercial aspects of the fire insurance business. Every hospital will want to take advantage of this fine program. And, in the meantime, every .hospital should plan what to do in case of fire— and carefully rehearse the staff in how to carry it ; out. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO T.A.E. club observed its twenty-fifth anniversary yesterday afternoon with a luncheon at the home of Mrs. George O'Neill, 110 Tenth street northwest, with Mrs. Fred Heneman and Mrs. C. S. Pack as assisting hostesses. Following luncheon a program was presented. The program included reviews given by Mrs. F. Elliott and Mrs. Stanley MacPeak. 20 YEARS AGO Clear Lake—An old fashioned neighborhood party last evening at the Stillman cottage on the south shore honored Mrs. Ray McConn, Worcester, Mass., who is a guest of Clear Lake friends this week. A picnic supper was served after which card games and dancing entertained the group. Those present were Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Carroll, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Humphrey, Mr. and Mrs. E. Rich, Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Stillman and Dr. and Mrs. P. W. Bryson. > 30 YEARS AGO Miss Rosalind Nelson, the new physical director at the Y. W. C. A., will arrive here Octl 12, and will commence her activities on Oct. 13. Miss Nelson is a graduate of the BaiUe Cattle, Mich., school of physical culture, and comes to the local association well recommended. Her home is in Fort Dodge. An excellent program has been outlined for the year. 40 YEARS AGO The first formal meeting of the year of the Equal Suffrage club will be held on the evening of Oct. 12 at the home of Mrs. J. D. Glass, East Ninth street. This meeting is to be of considerable interest because of the character of the program as a number have accepted invitations to speak to the club among them prominent men in legal and scholastic departments of the city. The meeting will be open to both men and women, and believers and disbelievers in the suffrage movement. By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. TREATING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS M ULTIPLE sclerosis is a severe disorder in which scattered areas of the central nervous E3 r stem are damaged and replaced with scar tissue. The central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord. Damage to the nervous system causes such symptoms as paralysis and disturbances of the eyesight. As yet, neither the cause nor the cure for this disease has been discovered. Many remedies, including large doses of vitamins, have been tried but without any particular benefit. In the absence of a specific cure, Dr. I. Mark Scheinker of __ Kentucky believes that most pa~DR. uuNDESErJ tients will be helped by the treatment of certain symptoms which are associated with multiple sclerosis, such as low blood pressure and weakness of the muscles. In addition to this, he points out that emotional factors often seem to increase both the severity and extent of the nervous symptoms. For this reason, it has been suggested that measures which will raise the blood pressure, stimulate the circulation, overcome fatigue and muscle weakness and build up the patient's morale, may all be beneficial. It is suggested that the drug known as ephedrine sulfate be given daily in small doses. Combined with caffeine, it will often relieve the symptoms due to circulatory difficulties. Another preparation known as prostigmine is used to relax contracted muscles. This preparation is given by mouth three times a day, and it may also be used by injection under the skin three times a week. Daily exercises are also helpful in restoring • the power of the muscles. It is important that patients with this condition be convinced that the disease is not hopeless, but does require their active aid in order to bring improvement. Without such encouragement, patients will not have the proper attitude and other methods of treatment will not bring the best results. Multiple sclerosis may continue for many years. The longer the disease is present, the more difficult it is to bring relief from the symptoms. Hence, it is important that it be diagnosed early and treatment started promptly. It is thought that when this is done, the progress of the condition may be checked to a great extent in many patients. If, on the other hand, the disease is neglected, the condition becomes hopeless much more rapidly. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS A Reader: Is a peptic ulcer curable? If so, how long will it take to heal? Answer: Peptic ulcers are curable. The exact time needed to produce a cure cannot be stated. Some cases are benefited by medical treatment; others require surgery. After thorough study, the physician will decide which treatment is best in your case. They'll Do It Every Time By Jimmy Hatlo By Hal Boyle HE "SHOOTS" FAMOUS PEOPLE N EW YORK, (AP)—Winston Churchill once grumbled to Yousuf Karsh, "you can even make a roaring lion stand still to be photographed." It was a reluctant tribute to a sensitive young Armenian'who has become one of the greatest lens artists of our time. He has made everybody from Joan Crawford to Pope Pius "look at the birdie." After 15 years of stalking celebrities with his camera, Karsh has a matchless gallery of portraits. But it has taken considerable doing to get them, for famous people often are more difficult to photograph than babies, j Churchill was a case in point. HAL, BOYLE Karsh ambushed him in Ottawa in the house of commons just after Winston had made a stirring wartime address. Still flushed from his speech, the premier didn't want his picture taken. Reluctantly he paused before the camera and lit a long cigar. When Karsh held out an ashtray, Churchill only clamped his jaw more firmly on his stogie. Karsh impulsively reached out, murmured "forgive me, sir," and plucked the cigar from the lips of the astounded statesman. Then he stepped back and clicked his camera on Churchill—a glowering lion at bay. The result was an unforgettable portrait. It caught the spirit of besieged Britain in one indomitable face. Karsh doesn't try to catch his subjects in odd ? poses. "Why should I pick on a man when his fork's in his mouth?" he said. "When I make a picture, I try to make it an embodiment of the man at the height of his life. I try to bring out the humanity in him, the judicious blending of the good and bad. And I'm not so interested in whether people like their pictures as in whether people who know them do." Karsh says the most interesting man he ever photographed was Bernard Shaw. Shaw began his interview by remarking: "What are you—Armenian? That's good. I have many good Armenian friends. But you know, of course, the only way to keep Armenians healthy and strong is to exterminate them once in a while." The late General John J. Pershing, rising from a sickbed for his last portrait, said, half-joking, half-wistful: "Take a picture the American people will remember for a hundred years." At 40 Karsh has photographed most of Europe's monarchs and a majority of the world's top statesmen, diplomats and military leaders. "But the man whose portrait I would like most to make'is Stalin," he said. "A good picture of Stalin might help to explain him to the world. He has never faced an unbiased camera." Moonbeam Stairway : have .this bit of poetic whimsy from Nina Faye Albertus of Mason City, known to readers of this department from several past contributions: Moonbeam* make a stairway to the stars, And we may walk along the milky-way Gathering star-flowers from God's car- den bowers A taste oi Heaven, In a dream today. ; address this little item to those who haven't sensed the importance and timeliness, of National Fire Prevention week now being observed. In the last decade fire has killed more than 100,000 persons and burned or disfigured many hundreds of thousands more. Each year about 11,000 Americans die needlessly in fire and more than twice that number are severely burned or disfigured for life. 3,500 of the annual casualties occur on the nation's farms. More than half of the fire deaths are women and children. Every day there are 700 home fires ... 28 deaths by fire ... 130 store fires . . . 100 factory fires . . . 7 church fires ... 7 school fires and 3 hospital fires. Minnesota's 11,000 Lakes t see that by latest count Minnesota, the "Land of 10,000' Lakes,'! actually has more than 11,000. It isn't surprising that with that number, there would be a little doubling up on names. And there is. For. example, there are no less than 99 named Long lake and 91 named Mud lake. How many Clear lakes there are, I haven't been able to learn. Information, Please! 1. What president was known by the nickname of "Honest?" 2. What did the following men have in common: Eugene Field, James Whitcomb Riley, ^Robert Louis Stevenson? 3. What famous author was known by the initials G. K. C.? 4. What epic poem deals with Satan and his expulsion from heaven? 5- What are the parts of a male quartet? Answers—1. "Honest Abe" Lincoln. 2. All were writers of versa for children. 3. Gilbert K. Chesterton. 4. John Milton's Paradise Lost. 5. First and 2nd tenor; first and 2nd bass. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To H.; E. VAN ESSEN—for being elected president of the Mason City Kiwanis club, a position for which he is eminently qualified by his previous record of leadership in civic enterprises. He succeeds Dan Klempnauer, who has provided the organization with excellent . administration of its activities. Did You Know? The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: .Headers nsinr thlj service for question of fact—not counsel—should sirn full name and address and enclose 3 cent! for return poitaje. Address .The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, 31G Eye Street N. £., Washington 2, O. C. What substances in fallen leaves enrich the soil? Fallen leaves contain relatively large amounts of valuable elements, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, which were originally a part of the soil. Decomposition of the leaves enriches the top layers of the soil by re- turing the elements borrowed by the tree, and at the same time provides for an accumulation of humus. Is the Brookhaven national laboratory a government organization? It is a nuclear research center financed by the United States government. It is operated by Associated Universities, Inc., a group of American universities, under the, auspices of the U. S. atomic energy commission. Who was the first person to see the heavens through a telescope? This distinction belongs to Galileo Galilei who constructed a crude telescope and first examined the moon through it in 1609. What constitute the "Twelve Ornaments" found in Chinese designs? They are the emblematic figures of the. ancients—the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountain, the dragon, and the flowery fowl, the temple-cup, the aquatic grass, the flames,-the grains of rice, the hatchet and the symbol of distinction. What was the annual cost of enforcing the 18th amendment? The estimated cost to the government for enforcing the 18th amendment was one billion dollars a year, including the loss in federal, state, county and municipal revenue. Actual appropriations of the federal government ranged from $3,100,000 in 1920 to $14,985,744 in 1930. Why are the Red and Black Seas so called? The Red Sea is so named because of the red color imparted to the surface water of certain portions of the sea by millions of tiny one-celled plants. The term black is applied to the Black Sea because of the fogs which obscure it during certain seasons of the year and because it is regarded as inhospitable by the mariners who sail it. To what extent was the port of Le Havre damaged in the war and to what extent has it been restored as a port? Le Havre was, to use the phrase of the French embassy, "very badly damaged" in World war II. It has been restored to about 80 per cent of capacity. Passenger vessels now dock there. How old is the Empire State building? The building was formally opened to the public on May 1, 1931. Can a pet dor be taken into England by A visitor? A household pet may be taken into the United Kingdom only after a 6 months quarantine period. A dog must be shipped to England by a recognized shipping authority, and during the 6 months period in solitary confinement cannot even be visited by its owner. When and where was the World's Columbian Exposition WILLIE HOPPE Today's Birthday WILLIAM FREDERICK (WILLIE) HOPPE,,,born Oct. 11, 1887, at Cornwall-pn-the-Hudson, N. Y., son of a hotel owner. Rated as "the greatest all- around, billiard player of all time," ' H o p p e learned to play in his father's 1-table p o o 1- room when he was so small he had'to stand on a box to reach the table. When Willie was 6, he and his brother were playing exhibition games in New York. For several years he toured as the "boy wonder," and when 18 he won his first world championship 18.1 balk-line title in Paris. In 1914 he became the permanent 18.1 balk- line champion. Now known as the "old master," he holds many records in 3-cushion billiards. held? The World's Columbian Exposition, celebrating the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America by Columbus, was held in Chicago from May 1, 1893, to Oct. 30, 1893. Please tell something of Dan Patch, including a description. The famous Standardbred (harness) race horse "Dan Patch" was bred by D. A.' Messner of Oxford, Ind., in 1896. He was a mahogany bay with black points and a small white star' on the forehead. He was sold to M. E. Sturgis, New York, N. Y., when 5 years old, for $20,000, and by him to M. W. Savage, Minneapolis, Minn., for $60,* 000, in December, 1902. In his record mile in 1.55i minutes at Lexington, Ky., in 1905 he was driven by H. C. Hersey. He died in 1916. Is it possible for a woman who has once had polio to transmit the disease to her children? Medical authorities state that poliomyelitis is not transmissible from mother ' to child. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 Entered as second class matter, April 12, 1930, at the postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of March 3. 1879. LEE P. LOOMIS ----- Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor GEER ---- Adv. Mgr. Tuesday, Oct. 11, 1949 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitled to use (or repub- Jlcatlon of all loci.1 news printed In thii newspaper as well a* all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lake (Carrier Delivery Lirnlut One year .............. in nn One week .......... ..".^l'.'.:','.".: * ja Outside Mason City and Clear Laka but Within 100 Miles of Matin Cut By mall 1 year ... ........ « arm By mall 6 months . .. ........ i'?, By carrier per week ...'.'.'.'.'.'.','.'.'.'. j| Outside 100 MHe Zone by Mai) Only One year ............. 1$ «• Six Months ...... ... ............ '" Three months ........ '-" 350

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