Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 19, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, April 19, 1943
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The Byline of Dependability ^.' • » .!—---—._--__ VOLUME 44—NUMBilTTii" Hope Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Alii Star The Weather Arkansas: Colder tonight. Light to heavy frosts in south and central portions: heavy to locally killing frosts in extreme north portion. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, APRIL 19, 1943 ! AP)—Means Associoled Press NEA) —Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY 85 Planes Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN War Bond Purchases Slow They'll Fight War, Celebrate Peace Elsewhere in today's paper you will read Chairman C. C. >brogins' statement that sales in the Second War Loan are dis- i_i! ,' 1,1 .11 . I , • f I I • I I • I ? , _ ^U|dipointing and that Hempstead county is falling behind its quota. ,'f •>™\ Jracy Ford Must ||erve Life Says 'Supreme Court . '" Litlle Rock, April 19 — (fPt— The '' SUpiemc court held today lhat TTraev Ford, 28-year-old Howard [*.ltounty magazine salesman must '"serve a life sentence for his part in the slaying of a Nacogdochc, Tex.. resident in a Texarkana hotel .room -.'^Upholding a Miller Circuit Court '^verdict, the high tribunal said theic <is sufficient corrobaling evidence to support thc statement o£,Foid's admitted accomplice thai ]<?0rd helped kill W. B. Stone in a , robbciy attempt last Nov. 1 and ^"]Uoss his body into an alley behind "jjjVthe hotel. Fold asked reversal on grounds J i ( theic was no evidence to support the statement of his accomplice .Vesl.il Maxwell. \ n} "^' c arc clearly of the opinion i.*that there was ample evidence * Strongly corroborating the state- irienl of Ihc accomplice. Maxwell. >Which mel Ihc statutory requirement " the court said. «^"fn fact, we think .the testimony «'fof appellant, (Ford) himself, sufficiently corroborated thc tcsli- ^,rnony of Maxwell to warrant ap- ^pellant's conviciton. The evidence hole presents a case of two young men lobbing and brutall killing an 'Tlojd man. Just which one did the acliidl killing may never be Kpown." ^Personal injury damage judg- This is not a new development peculiar to the immediate drive for the Second War Loan—it has existed for several months. The April issue of the "Arkansas Minute Man", organ of thc Arkansas War Savings Staff, Federal building, Litlle Rock, reports that while Arkansas as a whole exceeded her War Bond quota in the January-March period Hcmpslead counly failed to meet it. The stale roundup of counties shows thai all Arkansas subscribed in the first quarter of 1943 a total of 14 million 563 thousand dollars, againsl a stale quota of 13 million 100 thousand. Hempstead Circuit Court Meets Today Hcmpslcad circuit court reconvened here today with Judge Dexter Bush presiding. Marvin Lowe, convicted of grand larceny last week was sentenced to one year in the penientiary. Ray Smith, charged with forgery, dismissed. Several cases were reset for hearing. The civil case of Lex Jones vs. Union Sawmill Co. of Patmos was in progress lute today. Crippled U. S. Plane Downs 6 Jap Fighters By VERN HAUGLAND Somewhere in Australia, April 19 —(/!';—Nine Japanese fighter pilots were so sure they had trapped a lone American bomber over Am- boina recently that they lowered their landing gear lo show their planes and enable thorn to get in Bul'lIempstea'd'coTuUy's sales in! morc shots at thc rippled quarr. AP Chief Urges Free Press in Post War Plan the first quarter were only $118,012.50 against a quota of $127.500. Only LaFayettc county, of all our neighbors, actually reached its first-quarter quota, with sales of $80.137 against a quota of 372,500. This does not speak well for the patriotism of southwest Arkansas. As to our prosperity, there can be no argument. Money is more plentiful than at any time in this generation—and it is with money that War Bonds are bought. There may still be in some people's minds a lingering notion that War Bonds are supposed to be bought out of savings. That is wrong. War Bonds are supposed to bo bought, not out of savings, but | out of part of our actual living that part of our living which is gone while the war lasts: The money we used to spend for new automobiles ,for travel, and for the thousand other luxury items thai everybody wanted a n d nearly everybody had in the good days of peace . . . All this we arc now supposed to put into War Bonds, on top of what we ordinarily cull .our savings. Why? Well, if you arc going to live anything like a normal life when this Mississippi circuit court against Frisco railroad were affirmed. award grew out of a grade crossing accident near Frcnch- TTian'b Bayou, Mississippi county, Sept 22, 1041 in which four per- pns were killed and two were in- ™° nts ' !to .!? li " K _ $ . : ?r' 00 P « wardcd . b y I war is ovcr you are going to have- to havc an extraordinary amount of spot cash put away—not for your old age-Haul to buy things like cars and refrigerators, and for Iravel. Here's an ilcm picked at random out of this morning's papers which goes a long way toward explaining matters: It is Guy W. Vaughn, president of Curtiss-Wright Aircraft corporation, speaking al Los Angeles Sunday— "We're going lo have a tremendous war debt to pay off. Taxes are going to continue to be so high the American family will have lo decide what luxury it would rather do without •—icebox, radio, bedroom suite, automobile, airplane." Mr. Vaughn, in a gloomy moment, has decided lhal, "You'll do without the family airplane, of course." But you'll do without ALL OF THEM if you don't havc thc Wai- Bonds lo convert into cash and pay for them when thc war is ovcr. War Bonds help fight the war now —but they will also help celebrate llio peace when viclory has been won, Stabbing Is Fatal to Fulton Negro A second degree murder charge was filed loday against Eva Chealham, 31-year-old negro woman for a stabbing which resulted in the death late Saturday night of Porter Arthur Anderson, 25, negro, Sheriff Frank Hill announced today. The stabbing occurred al Fulton, near Hope. According to offiicals Ihe woman stabbed Anderson in Ihe leg, severing an artery. He bled to death shortly after. The couple had had an argument earlier in Ihe night in which the negro woman was slashed about the body, the sheriff said. Lloyd Spencer Mere Over the Week-End Lieutenant Commander Lloyd Spencer and Mrs. Spencer returned home over the week-end from New Orleans where he is on temporary active duly with the Navy. Lt. Comdr. Spencer will go back lo 1 Rccipicnls of thc awards were Fled Beaslcy, Joiner, $3,000 for death of his three children, Margie Marie, Billic Sue, and Freddie Eu- ;genc and $2,000 for injuries to his Wife Mrs. Beasley, 810,000; Roy "U?eal, $5,000 for death of his wife, 'and T. R. Wlilett, driver of the truck in which the group was rid- tflg to pick cotton, $2,000. 3;Welder Given Prison Term for Sabotage Baltimore, April 19 —(/!>)—A 20- year-old shipyard welder, one of ten arrested on charges of sabotaging ships by doing defective work, was sentenced lo one and a half ^years' imprisonmenl today by a "judge who declared war workers '.'must be made lo realize the importance of their work." ; Federal prosecutors said they bc- Jicvcd it was first such conviction Agnd sentence in the nation. George Arnold Steele, formerly of Franklin Furnace, O., was convicted last week of improperly welding a total of 600 inches of ship gleel while employed at thc Bctli- • lehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Inc. .'i The other nine men, all arrested within two days last week, have been held under $5,000 bail each for further hearings April 22. Federal Judge William C. Coleman, specifying Steele must serve tthis sentence in a reformatory to be designated by the U. S. altorney general, declared: "What you have done is serious —very .serious. Persons in war work must be made lo realize Ihe • importance of their work. If they cannot realize it, they should not be there." House Votes Against * Cotton Insurance Washington. April 19 —(A*>— The House voted 93 lo G5 loday against continuing government ins wheat and cotton. The crop insurance program had But the love-headed American pilot, Lieut. Alden Curric of Golden, Colo., chose that moment to gun his damaged Liberator into some clever maneuvering, with the result thai six of the fighters were sliot out of action. Tlie bomber, which had been engaged upon a relatively peaceable photographic mission over the Japanese-held Dutch Island, reached its northwestern Australia base COO miles to the south with five gallons of gasoline remaining in one wing lank and six in the other. Neither the plane's electrical system nor its hydraulic braking system was functioning. Currie aid that when the Zeros attacked near Amboina, they look to the assault in turns, two at a time making alternate passes. In the first pass, one of the Liberator' four engines washit by a 20- inillimeter cannon hell and a number of machinegun bullets. In the heat of battle, Curric tried to feather the propeller of the damaged engine but pressed the wrong switch and put another engine out of action. With only two engines running, the crew managed to shoot four Zeros into the sea and shot up two others so badly they probably failed to return to their base. Its third engine eventually put back in operation, the big American plan fought on until it was no longer challenged. Curric said what ultimately saved the bomber was the fact that the Zeros ran out of ammuni lion and away. were obliged to turn State to Close Case Today in Train Murder been stricken from the 1944 agriculture appropriation bill by the appropriations committee. An amendment by Represenla tivo Pace (D-Ga) to restore the pro gram was lost on a standing vote. Albany, Ore., April 19 (/P) — After more than a week of testimony by a long succession of witnesses, Ihe stale expects lo close its murder case today againsl Robert K. Lee Folkcs, 20, Negro, dining car cook accused of thc slaying of Mrs. Martha Virginia James, 21, j " w " press Norfolk, Va. Prosecutor Harlow Weinrick said he had one more witness to call, Dr. J. P. Derivcr, psychiatrist who examined Folkcs in Los Angeles. Folkcs was arrested there Jan. 20 upon arrival of the Southern Pacific limited aboard which the body of Mr. James had been discovered near her sleeping car berth, Lower 13, in Oregon three days before Ihe Negro accused by tlie stale of sneaking into Mrs. James' berth and cutting her throat when she resisted his advances, was returned on a first- degree murder charge. Defense Attorney Lcroy Lomax contends Folkcs was working in New York, April 18 — (/P)— Describing government suppression and control of the press as a primary cause of war, General Manager Kent Cooper of the Associated Press called today upon the Amcrcian Press to exert militant leadership to obtain guarantees of freedom of world news in thc next peace conference. During his speech at the annual luncheon of thc ,non-profit news gathering cooperative in the Waldorf-Astoria hotel, Cooper paid tribute lo thc soldiers of thc press and radio who have given their lives since Pearl Harbor while on war assignments. Those al Ihe luncheon slood silent for a moment' at Ihc rcqucsl of Cooper and al the same: time all wires of the organization throughout thc nation were slopped. Tribute was paid at the lunchcor to Frank B. Noycs, president and publisher of the Washington (D.C.) Star, former president of the AP for his almost 50 years of service to Ihe association. At the business session prcccd- ng the luncheon, W. J. Haley, joint mmaging director of the Man- chseter Guardian and Ihe Evening Mews of Manchester, England, described the successful operation of British newspaper in wartime de- rite serious shortage of manpower and newsprint. "In honoring our own Associated Press dead or missing since Pearl Harbor," Cooper said, "we should an they would have us do, equally honor all: "Jack Singer of the International News Service; "Eugene Petrov of the North American Newspaper Alliance; "Ben Miller of the Baltimore Evening Sun; "Ben Robertson, Jr., of the Now I York Herald Tribune; ' "Byron Durnton and Robert P. Post of the New York Times; "Mrs. Lea Burdett of PM; "Melville Jacoby of Time and Lite; "Harry Crockett and D. Will Hancock of Ihc Associated Press; "Don Boll of the National Broadcasting Company." "I maintain there can well enough be some newspaper statesmanship exerted in thc next peace conference," Cooper declared. "A free press is bul one.of the things it should demand. It should also take as its premise thc fact that suppression and control of the prcs- by government conlilulc a prime cause of wars. This is easy proof. "Militant aclion looking loward what we have and mean to keep here could gain not only renewed security for the slalus of Ihe press at home but new respect abroad. Even if it could not gain any perceptible change in freedom of the press abroad, it could at least be assertive in one matter that affects tlie press internationally as well a domestically. "That one matter' is to endeavor to gain guariAlcos lhal, first, news at it's source shall be freely available to all everywhere; and second, thai no country shall give preferential transmission facilities lo it against thc press of Salesman Killed in Wreck Near Camden Cumden, April' 19 —(/I 1 )— William Lowe, 05, Pine Bluff hardware salesman, was killed instantly this morning when his car left the highway two miles north of Camden. Stale police who investigated the accident said he might have suffered a heart attack. Lowe had been with the Fox Brothers Hardware Co., Pine Bluff, for 25 years. He was en route to Camden at the time of the accdicnt. Bond Sales in County Behind Says Spragins War Bond sales of $10,525 over the week-end brought Hempslcad county's tolal in Ihc Second War Loan up to $118,975, bul results thus far are disappointing, Counly Chairman C. C. Spragins said today. Hempstead county is accustomed to meeting its obligations fully and on lime," he declared, "bul Ihe fael is that we are not equalling our quota in the Second War Loan. "Rcsulls arc disappointing. There aren't enough small buyers. It seems lo me that with our country calling for action there arc at least. 1,000 persons in Hempstead county able to buy a $100 War Bond apiece. And that's what we've got to do if Hempstead county is to go ovcr the top in this drive. Invest ments by the big buyers alone won't get the job done—the War Bonds belong lo all the people, the small buyers as well as the big ones." Today's tolal of $118,975 compares with the county quota of $254,000. RAF Bombers Keep Up Raids on Nazi Plants —Europe London, April 19 —(/P)— British home-based bombers made the long trip across the Alps again last night to blast the Italian Naval Base of Rpezia for the second time in six nights, it was announced today. The attack was described as i heavy and concentrated and while it was in progress aircraft of the Fighters Command struck at enemy destroyers at Lorienl, the German naval and submarine base on the French coast. One bomber failed to return Blevins Man Jailed on Liquor Charge Augustus Phillips, of Blevins, an employee of the Southwestern Proving Ground, was arrested at Blevins late Saturday on charges of possessing and selling untaxed liquor. He was lodged in the Hcmpstead counly jail here and up to noon today had not made bond. The arrest was made by Fred Yates, deputy sheriff and constable and Buzz Bright of Blevins, Sheriff Frank Hill and deputy sheriff Claude Sutlon. Allies Batter Japs on Wide Pacific Front Youth Hit by Auto, Suffers Concussion Kenneth Gilliam, aged 5, was re ported by hospital attendants to be 'doing very well" today following an accident Saturday night in which he was struck down by an automobile on Main street. Thc youth was crossing the slrccl when an automobile driven by Majoric Anderson struck him. He was considerably bruised and suffered a concussion bul is believed lo be improving. He is thc son of Jess Gilliam of Hope. from the attack on Spczia. The Italian post wus allacked al Ihc beginning of Ihc present long-sustained aerial offensive againsl con- Uncnlal targets last Tuesday night. Freight trains and locomotives in northern France also were al- ia eked during Ihe nighl and one fighler was reported missing. Strong units of the Italian fleet were suspected in hiding al Spczia. Observers said the success of thc attack and the wakcness of Italian defenses was shown in the con- trats bclwee n one bomber lost last night and 55 missing from Ihc Iwo- plyd low against the Skoda works at Pilsen and al Mannheim in Germany Friday. As Ihe black - winged bombers were bcrlhed in their hangars, RAF fighters carried on the aerial offensive with morning sweeps ovcr the Dover Straits. The Italian communique said Spczia was one of several targets of "four-enginod American bombers." suggesting a twin Allied assault from norm and south on the great naval base which the RAF blasted last Tuesday nighl. There was no confirmation from Allied quarters that the Americans, too, had atlacked Spczia. The Ilalians said Ihe Americans also bombed Palermo and Ragusa in Sicily and Porlo Torres in Sardinia, and commenled: "Great damage was caused in Palermo. . . It is not yet known thc number of casualties among the civilian population in Spezia." Saicc Naples is within easy By Thc Associated Press Three more raids on Kiska by American Liberators, Mitchells, Lightnings and Warhawks highlighted today's war reports from the Pacific • where Ihe Allies bombed Japanese in Ihe Alculians, Ihc Solomons, Ihe soulhwesl Pacific area and Burma. Hits were scored on the Kiska runway and camp, the Navy said in ils communique ycslcrday, while six Japanese planes were de- slroyed and Iwo enemy surface ships were damaged in Ihc Solomons. In lurn, Ihe , Japanese struck lightly at Guadalcanal, causing some casualties and minor damage. An atlack by a large formalion of Milchells by Dulch fliers on Pen- foei airdrome al Koepang Tini- mor, Dutch East Indies, was the major action reported from Gen. Douglas MacArthur's front, but his airmen continued to pound the Jap anese all around Ihe island arc, and bombed a 10,000 - ton ship at Ka- vieng, New Ireland. RAF pilots bombed Pnbon, tar- gels in the Kaladan river valley and objectives .in Arakan where British troops were reported engaging in vigorous patrol aclivily. The British appeared bent on inflicting the maximum damage- before the heavy rain:: of the Monsoon season bring Ihe fighling lo a halt. In China it was announced Chinese Iroops had killed 600 Japanese in sharp fighting southeasl of Ichang on thc Yangtze where th.e enemy used 7,000 troops. 58 Big Junkers, 16 Fighters Shot Down Off Tunisia —Africa By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa. April 19 —yp)— Allied warplanes blasted down 85 Axis aircraft yesterday, including 58 Junk ers-52 transports and 16 fighters caught over the Sicilian Straits in the greatest single air victory of Ihc war in Ihis seclor, and followed up by dcslroying 10 more transports and a Messcrschmilt fighler loday. The blazing air attack', on the enemy's vital air transport service across the Sicily Slrails slill were continuing. Up lo 10 a. m. Ihe day' score slood at ten Junkers-52 transporls and 1 one Messerschmill-109 shot down, making Ihe Iwo day lolal of 08 transporls and 28 olher planes destroyed. In the past Iwo weeks .59 of the Junkcrs-52's have been deslroyed. The Allied aerial squadrons were slricking lethally in support of Gen. Sir Harold Alexander's 18lh army group in raids from the Enfidaville line lo Palermo. Continued on Page Four) State Income Tax Expert Here April 22 I. L. Pilk'inton, Revenue Inspector, announces that L. A. Henderson, from the State Income Tax Division Little Rock, will be in Hcmpstead County on Thursday, April 22nd, from 8 a. m. lo G p. m., to assist in preparing Stale Income Tax Reports. He will be at the Local Revenue Office in Ihc Courthouse. Anyone desiring any assistance in preparing their State returns, please contact Mr. Henderson. May 15lh is the deadline for filing State Income Tax Returns. Germans Rush Reinforcements to Hold Reds in Kuban Area New Orleans tonight but Mrs. Spencer will remain in Hope. He expects tfi remain in New Orleans another three weeks on naval matters, then will return home until his next call to active service. Ihc diner at the lime of thc killing. He has indicated he will place Folkcs on Hie witness stand in al- tcmpt to refute three statements the stale introduced as alleged confessions by Folkcs. Knox, Shaver Seen As Court Choices Little Rock. April 19 —</Ti— The Arkansas Democrat said Robert Knox of Kl Dorado and Ben Shaver of Texarkana "were being discussed today in slalehousc circles as possible choice by Governor Adkins for appointment to the state Supreme Court." The recent death of Associate Justice Ben E. Carter of Texarkana created a vacancy on the court. Adkins has given no indication as to his choice for a successor. By EDDY GILMORE Moscow. April 19—I/Pi—The Germans are stiffening their ground forces in the Kuban region of thr Caucasus with large air units in an effort to hold their positions against a Red Army drive to push them into the Black Sea, a dispatch to Pravda said today after Ihe Russians had thrown back repeated German counter-altacks. Twenty-five enemy planes wore in favor of thc Red Army, Pravda said. On several sectors, it was said, Ihc Russians followed up frustrated Gc-i-man counter-attacks and succeeded in gaining improved positions. The mid-day cnrnmuniquc said there were no important changes on tho front. South of I/yum, on the Donets river front about 70 miles southeasl of Kharkov. Ihc Russians attacked during the night shot down and eight more crippled and captured better positions on a Green woods, imprc'gnatcd urea, may be bent, twisted and compressed when heated, retaining their new shapes whcu cooled. new line, the com,muniquc said. Dispatches from the Leningrad front said Soviet, bombers and Stormovik fighters attacked a large encrnv 1'Uhter base on Ihe Leni- grad front and destroyed 19 enemy planes. Thc fighter escorts, it was said, accounted for six German fighlers while Ihe bombers broke through In the airdromes and dropped their bombs. The enemy base was reported lo have been completely wrecked, increasing thc probability of mount- inii Soviet air activity in Ihis region. (The Finnish communique said 23 Russian planes were deslroyed without kiss Sunday and today mainly in combat near the Soviet naval base of Kronstadt near Leningrad. Thc Finns said they encountered two formations of 33nd 20 planes and "gained a splendid victory." Small Russian attacks on numerous hand-to-hand fights de- i three sectors of the Finish front vclopcd, but they ended invariably were reported repulsed.) yesterday alone in air battle in this seclor as crack Soviet pilots thwarted enemy attempts to raid the Red Army positions, Pravda said. Enemy y,round trooos. concentrating their forces, launched a combined attack on Soviet positions. Two German infantry regiments, supported by lank and air units, hammered without success at Soviet front line, it was reported. Pravda said the Germans often advanced walking upright with fin> range of Allied bombers based in thc middle cast, it was considered probable that Ihc bulk of Mussolini's Navy might be lying in thc Spczia roadsteads against possible need in the final bait leni uTnsiai es need in thc final battle in Tunisia, or in the evacuation of the remnants of the Axis army. The fleet has long refused to risk combat with the British navy, but the Ilalians Men O'War are now reported under German direction. Thc gauge of the snow - balling Allied air offensive is exhibited in the fact the RAF was able to press home three massive attacks in the space of three nights on Spczia, Pilsen and Mannheim. Last year, any of the three missions would have been considered unusual. While the Russian were hitting northeastern Germany, United Stales fighter - bombers and heavies were out Friday and Saturday. Thus the Germans and Italians were threatened day and night from all sides. In thc atlack on much bombed Loricnt, a Beaufighler pilot said cannon shells were fired when he was only 300 feet off Ihc target. One hit thc side of a destroyer and caused some sort of explosion on the d.eck. The upperstruclurc of another dctroycr also was damaged by an explosion which sent smoke curling high. Mosquilos, Whirlwinds and Bcau- fightcrs damaged nine railway trains in north France, it was announced. Democratic Leader Says No 4th Term Washington, April 19 — (.V) — Frank Comfrot, ,Democratic national committeeman from Iowa, said today he understood President Roosevelt "has- advised friends Expect Subs to Resort to Use of Mines Washington, April 29—(/P)—Naval experts said today German submarines might resort lo extensive use of mines in American coastal water this spring or summer as part of Uieir offensive againsl Unilcd Nations shipping. This would mean, for thc present war, a new development of U-boat laclics on Ihis side of the Atlantic. The undersea raiders em- ploed mine ovcr here last summer, bul only to a very limited extent. What makes their use much more likely this year, authorilics said, is thc increased effectiveness of United Slate off-shore antisubmarine w capo n s. Planes, blimps and small boats in numbers many time those available a year ago now patrol the coastal sea lanes and give hour-by-hour protection to plodding convoys. By the end of last summer these patrols had forced thc U-boats to quit American waters, bul Navy men havc repeatedly warned thai they probably will be-back. What may have been the opening shot in the new campaign was reported by thc Navy April 10 in a press release disclosing the torpedoing of a merchant ship off the cast coast. It was thc first such inking announced since last August. Thc German admiralty's plans for this year's U-boat offensive must havc counted the cost of much more powerful opposilion and in Ihe circumstances mines are Allied Headquarters in North Af- rcia, April 19 (#>).— Allied aerial squadrons, hammering lethally at the Axis from Enfidaville to Palermo in support of Gen. Sir Harold Alexander's 18th army group, scored the greatest single air victory of Ihe war in this sector yes- lerday by destroying 74 enemy aircraft — 58 Junker-52 transports' and 16 fighters — off the Tunisian coast. (A dispatch from Cairo said the transports were laden with.... enem- personnel and heading northeastward toward Sicily when the trap was sprung. The dispatch did not bring oul whether the passengers were .. Axis Iroops, which Axis broadcasts have said will slay and fight it out, or non-combatant and technical force such as might be expected to be removed before the Allied noose lightens further). Warhawk and Spitfire fighters engaged 100 enemy transport air crafl and their escorts and, in addition lo thc 74 deslroyed, 30 other, planes were reported damaged. A Cairo communique said nine American planes were lost, but one of the pilots was known to be safe. This was bul one of a series of exploits in which Allied airmen and ground gunners shot down 85 Axis planes during the day and night. Sardinian, Sicilian and Tunisian targets were heavily atlacked. Flying Fortresses lofl large fires burning in the freight yards and on an air field at the Sicilian port o£ Palermo and a communique said lhal "bombs were seen lo bursl among enemy fighters lhat had jusl landed from an attack on the preceding formation of Fortresses." United States and South African pilots of the Western Desert Air Force hunted across the Sicilian straits until late yesterday afternoon to store the spectacular blow against Marshal Erwin Rommel's aerial shipping facilities. (The Cairo communique, issued from United Stales headquarters, identified thc participants only as "thc desert fighler group of the Ninth U. S. Air Force." Presumably the ^British and South African jnd from Soviet heavy mortars rilVs pouring into their ranks. The mid-day communique said Ihe Germans launched fresh forces in an attack last night and succeeded in breaking into the Soviet trenches, but were repulsed after u fierce engagement in which they suffered heavy losses. Rumanian troops als'i WITC employed in the Kuban fighting and privately that he will not under any j probably the Germans's ace-in the- circumlances consider a fourth i hole. Icrni." | Working by nighl when detection "If that's the case." Cumfrot told i is most difficult and steering clear | of heavily escorted convoys, a few j subs may plant many tons of ex! plosives in strategic spots and run I relatively small risks themselves. I To combat this sort of operation i the United Stales Navy has built • up a considerable fleet of mine- I sweepers — small vessels which a reporter, "there might be some fellows who arc trying to push him in againsl his wish. As far as I am concerned 1 think that if Ihe war is still going on the president is the logical man to keep in office." He said he had heard "a lot of talk" among Democrats and Re- | carry special equipment for detect- publicans about a fourth term and I ing and destroying the dangerous lhat the reaction was much the same as his — that three should be no change if the war continues next year. j eggs thc submarines lay. The Germans used mines extensively on Ihis side of the Atlantic in the first tWorld War. The States highway from thc United I The United Slates loaned lo the Panama Canal is virtually complete except for gaps totalling HO m,ilcs in Cosla Rica. Latin-American republics more than $35,000.000 lo speed construction of thc Pan-American Highway. pilots accredited at Allied Headquarters with a share in the coup are attached to the Ninth Air Force for tactical purposes.) Thc huge formalion of Junkers, with strong fighter protection, was sighted flying toward Sicily almost at sea level. Warhawk squadrons dived as a single unit al thc lumbering trans- porls while the Spitfires engaged the covering Messcrschmitts. Man Iransports fell into the sea wreathed in flames. Others deliberately crash-landed on Cap Bon, which juls into the Mediterranean 50 miles northeast of Tunis. "It was a massacre and the Axis fighters could do little to prevent it," an official statement said. "It was only when their ammunition was exhausted and their fuel running low thai tile Warhawks gave up the chase. By that lime 58-Ju- 52's, 14 Me-109's" and two MellO's had been destroyed. Our losses were seven aircraft." (Thc conflict between Cairo and Allied headquarters bulletins as to whether nine or seven attacking planes were lost perhaps was due to a lag in communications or notification at Allied headquarters of the safe landing of two of the aircraft which were listed in Cairo as slill missing. > The greatest previous victory in the African campaign was scored by Americans recently when 63 enemy aircraft were destroyed. Yesterday's total bag of Axis aircraft reached 85 — and one more was belatedly reported dcstroysd Continued on Page Four)

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