Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on March 3, 1976 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Wednesday, March 3, 1976
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Page 3
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Carroll Daily Times Herald Comment & Feature Page Wednesday, March 3, Essence of Freedom In his departing remarks to the staff at the U.S. mission to the United Nations, former ambassador Daniel Patrick Moynihan defended his outspoken manner in upholding his nation's interests. Not only were those his instructions from Washington, he said (later apparently undercut by officials of the State Department) but' Moynihan left no doubt his words came from the heart. "We are the party of revolution in the world," Moynihan reminded his fellow diplomats. "We are the revolutionary party because we stand for freedom — and in this year let us never forget it." Those are good words for Americans to ponder as they give thought to the words and actions which gave birth to the nation 200 years ago. The idea of individual freedom remains a rare one in this world, and in some ways the forces which defend it are losing ground. If the world of tomorrow is to be a better place than it is today, the revolutionary quest for freedom must be rekindled anew. What happened 200 years ago was not a one-time battle to put in place a form of government in perpetuity. The war for freadom is a relentless and ever-present one. The responsibility to preserve it, indeed improve it, passes from generation to generation. If not defended continuously it too can pass from the scene, as have other experiments in democratic government before it. Moynihan knew that and pressed his responsibilities with a refreshing zeal. It remains to be seen whether .those who come after, at the UN or in Washington, can do as well. Terms of Office In the fleeting period between election campaigns, members of the U.S. House of Representatives sometimes complain their two-year term breeds insecurity and discourages statesmanship. Presidents and foundations have an occasion advocated doubling the term of office in the House. Certainly ,a representative's frequent return to the electorate subjects him today-to-day pressures which would be eased by a longer term. Few elected officials are more sensitive than he to the folk back home and it is small wonder that he feels harried. This, though, is precisely what the founding fathers intended. Deliberation was assigned to the Senate. The House of Representatives was meant to be the pulse taker of the electorate. It is understandable that a president might prefer a House that served a concurrent four-year term — if his own party controlled the House. But it was the intent of the architects of the Constitution to give the electorate a. check on the administration and an opportunity to alter course in the middle of a presidential term. Percy Proves a Point According to United Press International, Sen. Charles Percy, R-I11., reported the U.S. Postal Service spends $46.1 million a year handling mail sent by members of Congress. "It seems unnecessary," Percy was quoted as saying, "to spend public funds on frequent mass mailings, the wording of which could cause them to be looked upon more as tools of political influence than justifiable legislative and issue-related communications." UPI's Springfield, 111. news bureau reported receiving two copies of the statement -- in two separate envelopes — both sent using Percy's free mailing privilege. When Will it End? The oet rock nonsense goes on. Something' called the Rock Owners Club, Inc., has been organized "to protect owners and their-valuable pedigreed rocks by giving them an opportunity to register their pet rocks in the National Rock Register." For a membership fee of $3, owners will receive a Certificate of Registration (suitable for framing or mounting), which lists the rock's name, the owner's and breeder's name and the official registration number as recorded in the National Rock Register. They will also receive a subscription to The Rolling Rock^ofjFicial national publication of the Rock dwners Club. Membership is open to all owners, breeders or lovers of pet rocks without regard to race, creed or national origin of the pet rock. Besides owning a pet rock, though, it probably also helps to have a few in the head. The experts have already figured how the baseball teams will finish the season, but if they can stop wrangling over contracts long enough they will play'the games anyway. Viewpeint No Freedom Talk By Tom Tiede Inside Repert WASHINGTON - (NEA) — Henry Jackson talks of America as the "party of liberty." Jimmy Carter occasionally mentions the status of .those "po" people" who dwell in dictatorial regimes. From time to time Ronald , Reagan also suggests to his audiences that human rights are not a growth commodity on the planet. But for the most part, the presidential candidates do not bother with the subject, it being tanglesome at best and perhaps a bit dated as a debate effort. Whatever happened to freedom? Like sin, it has ceased to exist as an issue in presidential politics/even as it is ceasing to exist in much of the world. Recently an aide to Morris Udall was asked if the congressman had any comment to make on the situation in India. The reply was "Not unless it has something to do with the primary in Massachusetts." Nobody cares about foreign policy, the aide explained, ^ "we've got plenty of problems here at * home to talk about." Ironic this, and particularly during America's Bicentennial. But the fact is, world freedom is no longer a priority matter for the nation — even at a time when the need for it as priority has never been greater. According to the" •only available measure' of this sort of thing, the annual Freedom House survey, the number of people living at liberty in the world has been almost halved in the past four years, from 30 percent of the population in 1973 to only 19.8 per cent today. And there is no sign of a quick improvement. Freedom House is a private group, located in New York and operating largely with volunteer help and funding. It was organized 35 years ago for the purpose of lending moral support to Great Britain's struggle against Hitler. Now it is mostly an educational tool, structured to distribute books and papers throughout the world — and to take a rather remarkable annual reading of comparative freedoms in 158 nations and 51 dependent territories. ' The survey has its weaknesses, perhaps its biases as well, but it is rich if only because it'is the singular monitor of its kind in the world. According to Freedom.House director Leonard Sussman, the most recent survey is the gloomiest in a quarter century. Last year 743.2 million people in eight countries lost their freedoms either wholly or in part, while only 60 million in five countries made any gain. As of now, Sussman says, 803.6 million people in 57 nations live free, l.ft billion in 84 nations live partly free, and 1.8 billion in 68 nations live without freedom. Shockingly, this means that four of five people on the globe have limited civil and political rights. Even for some of those who are free, the trends seem hot to be encouraging. Sussman says Sweden, traditionally a nation of boastful liberties, is now so bureaucratic that "government is all but out of the control of the people." Even America, in the grip of post-Watergate reforms, has tampered unwisely with its Constitution, and Sussman says that refinements in the freedom survey may pick up soundings }n the United States of new inequities and restrictions. Unfortunately, whatever soundings, the survey makes, and whatever'its conclusions,. few seem to care — not the presidential candidates and not the government. ' Detente: The Pressure's on By Roland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON — Close advisers of President Ford, agonizing over possible primary defeats of the President, are eyeing a new, hard-line foreign policy aimed squarely at the Soviet Union as one way of reversing the tide. Indeed, a 'distinct minority of these advisers believe that such a dramatic presidential switch away from detente could conceivably work only if reinforced with a companion move: the replacement of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, original architect along with former President Nixon of the now-tarnished policy of detente. Other presidential intimates strongly dissent, claiming that although Kissinger's standing in Congress and the Washington bureaucracy has plummeted he is still the lusterless administration's brightest star out in the hinterland whose ouster would backfire on the President, especially in the general election campaign. Just how discredited detente has become in the eyes of rank-and-file voters is shockingly clear from highly reputable polls taken over the past few weeks by various presidential candidates in the primary states of New Hampshire and Massachusetts. One such sample shows the trend. Item: The key question, asking whether detente has favored Moscow, Washington or both equally, received these responses from a statistically sound sample in Massachusetts, Sen. George McGovern's only winning state four years ago: favored the Soviet Union, nearly 70 per cent; favored the U.S., less than 5 per cent; favored neither, less than 3 per cent. Item: Another key question, asking whether the U.S. has been too tough, too easy or just about right in its Soviet Advice Tops and Bottoms Rate High By Abigail Van Buren DEAR READERS: Yesterday. I published the first part of the results of my reader survey on what men notice about .women. (Bosoms were way out in front, with figures — including legs and fannys — coming in second and eyes, third.) Here are the remaining results: Twenty per cent of the men who •wrote in notice a women's clothes and grooming first. In this category was included "how she smells." From Arizona: "If she looks attractive and seems interested in me, I get close enough to get a whiff of her. If she doesn't smell 'clean,' I move on. Many Canadian men said, "Heavenly perfumed women lose me!" A woman's attire was noticed by more men from eastern states: Pennsylvania. Maryland, Massachusetts. New York, New Jersey, Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire! More Southern gentlemen, on the other hand, first notice a woman's "complexion." (From New Orleans, one man wrote: "I don't like to see women with a lot of makeup. The less paint and varnish, the better I like her." Mail from men in every state (but not Health Elephantiasis By Lawrence E. Lamb. M. DEAR DR. LAMB — I have a problem for you to solve. What is elephantiasis and where does it originate? Is there any cure for it or any specialists? What type of doctor would I have to see for results? I need . help badly. DEAR READER — You have come up with a rare one in this country. The term elephantiasis refers to swelling and enlargement of the legs to . resemble the 1 legs of an elephant. Classically, the condition is caused by an infestation with a thread-like worm. The disease is also called filariasis. The tiny adult worm is from two to four inches long and tends to invade and block the lymphatics. The inguinal region around the hip and inner aspect of the thigh is commonly involved. The worms cause inflammation and blockage of the lymphatic system. The blocked lymphatic channels leads to the marked swelling. In men. the lymphatics to the scrotum are often involved. The blockage causes progressive and enormous swelling of the scrotum. In fact, the scrotum may be so large that it hangs below the knees and is equally large in all diameters. Its size may be so huge that the man may have trouble with normal physical activity. This disease is seen primarily in Africa, tropical coastal areas of Asia and in the northern countries of South America. The disease is spread by mosquitos. and man is the only known intermediate host. Legislative Report Penal Problems by Rep. Carroll Perkins Last week I sat in on a meeting of the House and Senate' Human Resources committees while discussion was held on the problems concerning- correctional institutions in Iowa. These problems are extremely serious at the men's reformatory at Anamosa and the prison at Ft. Madison. Both facilities are overcrowded to the point where it has 'become difficult for officials to administer rehabilitation programs and conditions have become explosive within the walls. Also, the mix of young men with older hardened prisoners at Ft. Madison certainly cannot be a good situation. The problem is easy to identify — the solution more difficult. Various proposals were made. Building a new state prison at a cost of $40 million, but this would take a number of years and would not solve the immediate problem of overcrowding, and there are indications that the rate of incarceration may drop if the economy improves and; when the baby boom of WWII matures a little more. Converting the mental health facility at Mt. Pleasant to a medium security facility was proposed. Inmates could then be transferred there from Ft. Madison and Anamosa. This would create a problem for the people of southeast Iowa who would have long distances to travel to visit family or friends who would have to be transferred to other state institutions but this move could be made in six months. These have been the two proposals which have received the most attention. A proposal was offered which I feel could be an excellent temporary solution and an even better long range plan. The girls' school at Mitchellville is not full, nor is the juvenile home at Toledo. Why not transfer the girls to Toledo thereby freeing the Mitchellville facility for either a medium or minimum security facility for young men. Do the same with any other state •institutions which are are filled, and use the space available for a community based correctional type facility. A further proposal was to convert the now unused Denison campus to a minimum security facility. There are currently no institutions in western • Iowa and the entire population we are concerned with could be handled there. Problems mentioned were possible Fire Marshal problems, installation of sprinkler systems, construction not being adequate for the type of person which would be housed there and possible lack of support for this program in the Denison area. I believe this proposal deserves further study. While all this is going on we should be working toward more, community based correction facilities in different areas of the state where good work release programs for deserving prisoners along with other rehabilitation programs would be available. Our long range goal should be to help as many of these people as possible to return to society as good productive citizens. DAILY TIMES HERALD 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W.WILSON, Publisher W.L.REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carrol I, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties where carrier service Is not available, per year../..., '.',.. .$20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties In Zones 1 and 2 per year $33.00 All Other Mall In the United States, per year $27.00 in great numbers) mentioned that they notice a woman's hair first. ("Blondes catch my eye first," a Sarasota, Fla., man wrote, "but most blondes aren't natural, and I prefer nature's color.") Many men said they prefer longer hair on women and hair-dos that look natural — "the kind a man can run his fingers through," wrote a Virginia male who took his own survey at a poker club. Next on the list of things notices first by men came "teeth and smile." (a Denver man wrote, "I notice a .woman's teeth first because I'm a dentist.") I observed that more men from small towns notice a woman's teeth and smile than do those from the big cities. From Sioux City, Iowa, one-girl-watcher wrote: "If a woman has a smile on her face, I am attracted to her like a magnet. I don't mean a phony, put-on smile; I mean one that comes from within and makes her eyes shine and her lips turn up." Of the 32 men who stated that they noticed a woman's "voice" first, 21 were from Canada! More than 100 men wrote that they notice a woman's jewelry first because "I'm in the jewelry business," or a woman's shoes, because "I'm in the shoe business." Many plastic surgeons wrote that because of their professions, they notice whether or not a woman had plastic surgery. Ditto for dentists, who automatically notice a woman's teeth first: iMen in- fashion noted that they notice a woman's apparel first. Physicians admitted they notice if a woman has a "healthy" appearance. From Rome, Italy: "Her 'posture' — how she carries 'herself and how she moves. Is she graceful or clumsy? Does she have confidence and poise? If not, she probably lacks experience and sophistication." One man wrote from Missoula. Mont.. "I'm only 5 foot 4. so the first thing I notice about a girl is whether she's taller than I am." Next week I'll disclose the results of the survey on what women notice first in men. policy brought this response from Massachusetts voters: nearly 70 per cent "too easy," less than 2 per cent "too tough." Such findings in dovish New England help explain the rising attack on the Ford-Kissinger policy of detente by such non-dovish presidential candidates as Sen. Henry M. Jackson, Democrat, and Ronald Reagan, Republican. Up to now, Mr. Ford has made not the slightest concession despite Reagan's hard-line speech in Exeter, N.H., earlier this month. Reagan charged that the military balance has been shifting toward the Soviet Union since 1970 "through the years of so-called detente." In his recent campaigning, Mr. Ford has seemed on the defensive over the Reagan attacks on detente, claiming that U.S. military strength has "reassured our allies" (a dubious proposition to some of those allies) and that his own reputation during a quarter-century in Congress was that of "a tough Yankee trader." Some presidential advisers believe that if Mr. Ford loses the early primaries, only a reversion to a hard-line Soviet policy could set the political stage for recouping his fallen fortunes in later primaries. They feel — and display the polls as evidence — that the impact on U.S. voters of the Soviet decision to train, supply and use Cuban mercenaries in Angola, 8,000 miles from Moscow, has been sharp enough to make such a switch credible and widely acceptable. But in addition to this purely political rationale (which Mr. Ford himself has by no means adopted), a deeper justification for going hard-line on Moscow is also under discussion at high levels of the administration: that if the perception takes hold abroad that Mr. Ford is indeed being defeated by Reagan for the Republican nomination, he will be quickly transformed from one of the weakest Presidents to the weakest of all in U.S. history. He suffers now as the first President never nationally elected, but if he appears to be losing to Reagan, that weakness would be gravely deepened. He would find himself bargaining with Moscow — for a second strategic arms agreement (SALT), for one example— from a highly vulnerably position, with Moscow correspondingly strengthened. One top pro-Ford Republican leader told us this chilling prospect has "kept me lying awake in the dark of night, worrying who will govern our country if the President starts losing the nomination battle." He foresees a dangerous power vacuum, with the Democratic Congress, anti-Ford and working on its own election, becoming ever more intransigent on foreign policy. In such an atmosphere, a presidential decision to harden the line on Moscow, refuse further concessions on SALT II and exploit the rampant anti-detente mood might be seen not only as a reflexive political reaction but also as an essential holding pattern until the new President takes command. Reptiles Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 1 Nonpoisonous snake 4 American blacksnake 9 Poisonous snake 12 Cobbler's tool 13 Choice part 14 Negative conjunction 15 Not well 16 Falsifier (2 wds.) 17 Also 18 Former Russian rulers 20 Girl's name 22 Extinct bird 24 Depot (ab.) 25 Ocean shore 28 Stretching muscle 32 Inlet 33 Female deer 35 Greek fraternity (ab.) 36 High (comb, form) 38 Special power (ab.) 39 This (Sp.) • 40 Certain hunter 42 Large crushing snake 44 Vegas. Nevada 45 Eternity 46 Asian puff adder 49 Daybreaks 53 Anger 54 Pertaining to ships 58 Over (contr.) 59 Building site 60 Rub out 61 Antique car 62 Mariner's direction 63 Cause to stop 64 Doctors (ab.) DOWN 1 Lure 2 Night birds 3 breve (in short fashion: It 4 Motive 5 Entire 6 102 (Roman) 7 Greek letter 8 Evaluate again 9 Against 10 Chimney 34 carbon 37 11 Malay canoe 19 Royal Military 39 Academy (ab.)41 21 Female nickname 23 Small poisonous snakes 24 Asian great . plain 25 Spanish ladies ! (ab.) 26 Fired clay 27 Quota (It.) 29 Ornamental band 30 Boy's name 31 Horse color Bone (Latin) That one (Latin) Italian volcano Merited Swiss singer Evil Press Masculine nickname Slender creeping animal Want Theater sign (pl.) Exist Large tub Peer Gynt's mother

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