jij| me Byline of -^. Dependability Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 157 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Occasional rains, local thunderstorms today and in extreme east portion tonight; cooler tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1943 (AP)—Mcons Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY 5,370 American Casualties Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN if 01 rest Rozzell, field federal funds for the schools. f iiy \li V Reds Open Drive Against Nazis in Kuban Delta if By EDDY 'GILMORE Moscow, April 17 (/I 1 ) — The Army has opened a new, slow Agoing but thorough drive in the i Kub.m delta on the Caucasus, with J stiong artillery and bomber preparation preceding ;m infantry advance into German positions, the Russia.is said today, but Ihe push ^.is momentarily slowed as gains v.cie consolidated and new opera- lions prepared. The Germans slill have a nar low foothold in Novorossisk, the foi mcr Russian naval base, and ••yilong a strip of Black Sa coast expending into the Tama n peninsula, i Red Slar, Hie army newspaper, reported that rain, mud and a .stiff defense by tiie Germans made attacks extremely difficult In yesterday's opening battle, JRcd Star said, Russian Stormovik bombors and Soviet artillery kept up a steady pounding of the Ger- A man s rear positions while the in| fanlry fought ils way inlo the Ger I man basic points. '\r, The Germans brought up fresh ^leservo.s before 'ho Soviet forces _ could consolidate their gains, and 'J by noon a force of 50 tanks and moi e than a regiment of infantry ^ cut off ihe Soviet advance units. fl f Only in one sector, however, were ,)lhcy able to regain a lost position, Red Star said, and the Red Army began to roll again, throwing the Germans back a second lime. The Nazis lost 600 dead and 19 tanks in Ihe battle, Iho newspaper's /|disp,iten said. j* The noon communique lold of j* only poradic action in the Chugucv tind Balaklcya sectors of the Donets river battle and in Smolensk 1 province, in the night's batllc, bul 'south of Balaklcya, the midnight Itoinmiiniquo said, 300 more Germans were killed in a new attempt to storm Hie Donets line. (The German communique said renewed Russian atlacks, on ihe Kuban delta were repulsed and ijth.it 50 tanks had been knocked Mail in throe days. Sharp fighting \\.is reported on the Donets.) America Turns Cold Shoulder to Peace Move P Washington, April 17 — (/!>) — A quick cold shoulder from Washington indicated today an early end for the peace move launched in Spain by Generalissimo Francisco iJTi'inco's foreign minister. P 1' mphasizing Secretary of State Pull' brusque rejection at his pi ess conference yesterday of any thought that Spanish m c d i a 1 t- Jon might, lead to a negotiated peace with the Axis, Director of D\Var Information Elmer Davis said "in a broadcast last night "Europe is littered with the wrecks of nations thai thought there could be pc,.ic> with Hitler." And it was recalled that out K i'ight Axis peace moves in the past ,,— when Germans loomed more powerful than of these peace feelers in the coming months, some of them liom genuinely worried neutrals, some clearly instigated by th,e Axis. " I) He lidded, however, lhat he saw n,o reason to believe that Foreign fillister Count Francisco Gomez jpidana "was motivated by any- Ujlng out Spanish interests," add- that with Hitler's troops on northern border Spaniards every reason to be nervous i$r fear "Hitler might, decide thai hg needs their territory as he once needed Denmark and Norway, ijjiploniatic circles here mean, whjle awaited with interest the re- pacjjjfon in Latin America to the Spanish move. It was noted Jor- dapa .Tiade his appeal before the J$sjpa.iidad Council and S ou t h Anjerican diplomats, expressing as h§ did so the hope that "men of |\all nation" would support Spain's "p/qposal for peace and that other tytral nations and the Vatican '"lit i:\lso "facilitate ihu coming ace and collaborate in a post organization." Federal Aid for the Schools Means Local Tax Reform, Too Members of the Arkansas Education association alicnd- thc spring^coundl session at Little Rock yesterday heard representative, make a strong plea for Mr. Rozzell is fresh back from ™ Senate Education Committee hearings on a bill to give the states ,'iOO million dollars for school purposes. He reported thai Ihe Nalional Education association, formerly opposed lo federal aid tor Ihe schools, is believed to have changed ils mind and is now supporting Senate Bill No. G37. One of Ihe principle policies of this newspaper has been lo fighl off the alarming tendency in recent years lo relinquish local responsibility for government and go'vcrn-i menl's agencies and dump all our problems in Ihe lap of Ihe federal authority. Originally our opposition to the encroachment of federal power was based on historic and perhaps academic reasons; but in recent times we have come to sec that many proposals for Ihe amalgamation of the stales with the federal government have been made simply for the sake of bigness—and th y arc not always efficient, popular, or successful. Reaction already has sel in heavily against federalization of all our government and all our public agencies. I recognize that, in the mailer of the schools we arc confronted by the fact thai while wealth is distribulcd inequitably between the several sections of the United Stales yet it is our obligation to sec lhat common school opportunities are everywhere equal. There is a solid foundation for Ihe demand lhat federal funds be provided lo supplement local school revenues—bul there will be an equally solid countcr-atlack from Ihe .East when this question reaches a showdown; and we might as well understand now what we arc getting into. The principle thai will be suggested as the governing rule in all federal school disbursements to Ihe slates will be: That states may qualify for federal aid only when they have shown that they have already exhausted their own local lax resources. Now the fact is lhat the properly lax assessing systems vary in the different slates. The average real properly assessment in Arkansas runs around 28 per cent of Ihe market value. But in the East the as- scssmcnl may range from 100 to 125 per cent. My 22 years' experience with newspapers, politicians, and public debate, lells me that when this question actually gets on the floor of congress it will make as much noise as World War No. 2! The schools of the South and West need the money. Their teachers need a living wage. But the facts disclose that we aren't likely to get very much federal money until we have overhauled our local lax structure. As so many of these proposals looking for help from Washington /ignore the possibililies of self-help right here at home it is encouraging to nole that yesterday's AEA session brought out one vigorous and independent report . The Subcommittee on Finance said of the local tax picture: "In this connection the committee is of the opinion that some form of 'assoss-and-pay- as-you-go' plan should be incorporated in Ihe lax assessing laws . . . The delay between the lime of assessment one year and the payment of taxes the next year permits thousands of persons to escape payment of taxes on personal properly due lo their moving from one part of the state lo another, or from this state to another. "It is the opinion of the committee also thai a modification of the tax assessing laws should include Ihe proposal of some standard practice to be followed throughout the state, based on the plan that is now used by the Corporation Commission in the assessment of property of corporations." Reinforcements to MacArthur Are Indicated —War in Pacific By the Associated Press Assignment of one of seven U. S. fleet to Australia prompted belief in Washington quarters today that strong r';inforeemenls may be sent to bolster Gen. Douglas MacArthur's campaign against the Japanese, while o n the Southwest Pacific front itself the remnants of a battered nine - ship enemy convoy failed to escape Allied bombers off New Guinea. Secretary of the Navy V r a n k Knox disclosed yesterday that the Navy now has seven fleets operating in the Australian area and another in the South Pacific. Observers quickly noted this was the first report of major naval forces being placed at Gen. MacArthur's disposal, and speculation arose that they would be ued in connection with the "constantly increasing flow <jf planes and other war supplies to the Southwest Pacific." as promised by War Secretary Slim.son. Meanwhile, dispatches from Gen. Mac-Arthur's headquarters said Allied fliers sank two 8,000-ton Japanese ships, beached a 5,000 tonner and crippled another ll.OOO-lonner in an attack on six enemy merchant ships escorted by three warships off Wcwak, New Guinea. One of the 8,000 - ton vessels was blown out of the water — high enough lo expose the rudder—when U. S. Flying Fortresses hit t h c deck and side with 1,000 - pound bombs. After a dusk to - daylight assault, the rest of tie enemy convoy fled lo the northeast out of range of Gen. MacArlhur's bombers.. Allied fliers continued their relentless hammering of enemy air bases in the arc of islands above Australia, attacking Lac and Ma- dang, New Guinea, and Gasmata, New Britain; and also strafed Japanese ships ofi the Aroc islands and set fire at Baucau, on Timor. On the Burma front, Maj. Gen. Clayton I.. Biscll, commander of U. S. Air Forces in India, declared that American bombing assaults had "practically denied" the key port of Rangoon to 't h c Japanese and said the Americans had lost only four killed and nine wounded on raids since last October. Over 1,000 individual plane sorties were carried out, he said. On the land front, the situation Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavell's British - Indian forces dug in north of the Mayu peninsula, holding strong new positions against the Japanese drive toward the Indian frontier. RAF Losses 55 Bombers in Big Overnight Raid —Europe Jury Debating in Kansas City Murder Case These Zoot Suiters Are The Sole Of Wit Salt Lake Cily (A'\ — A couple of zoul-suilcrs on Salt Lake City's busiest downtown corner: "Nice looking pair of Iwo-luncd shoes you got there." "Yeah. These are my B-17s." "Whaddaya mean, B-17s'.'" "You know — bought before coupon 17." Yemen, in southern Arabia, is one of the few remaining countries which luck a railroad . Kansas City, April 17 — (/I 1 ) — The future of 29 year - old George W. Welsh, Jr. — either freedom and urmy service, or prison and possibly death — rested locluy with circuit court jurors. Jle is charged with first - degree murder in the mutilation slaying two years ago of his sislcr, Leila Adclc, 24. Judge Albert A. Ridge told juror at conclusion oC the two - weeklong trial 'last night they must cither acquit the defendant or find him guilty of firsl degree murder. The state asked for the death penalty. Mrs. Marie Welch, mother of the brother and sister, testified for hiM- son. ll^r voice repeatedly faltered as she recalled details of the hammer and - knife bedroom murder. The judge warned juror to exercise caution in considering Ihe purely circumstantial evidence. Welsh denied yuilt. "I '3id Jiot murder 'my sister— 1 loved her," he told Ihe jury. Defense AUorncy John T. Baark- cr disclosed in his final argument that young Welsh "will be in uniform within a very short time. " il! acquitted. - ~-wt« V- War Bond Campaign Reaches $102,025 Subscriptions in the Hempslead county war bond campaign totaled $32,425 yesterday, boosting the grand total lo $102,025, C. C. Spragins, counly chairman reported today. The quota for Ihe county is $254,000. «•»* «!»* Enlisted men of the U. S. Marine were firut iwued neckties in 1925. London, April 17 — (/I 1 ) — More than 000 bombers roared out in moonlight last night to strike heavily at Mannheim, Ludwigshaven and Pilscn, — the laltcr in German - occupied Czechoslovakia, the home of the Skoda munitions works — in what the air ministry today called "the biggest night operation of this year." Fifly five planes are missing in Ihe raids, il was announced. The air minilry's description of Ihe raid indicated it surpassed the 1,000 - Ion bomb assaults on Lo- rienl St. Nazaire and Essen in February and March. Although the loss of 55 bombers approached 10 per cent of the raiding force, Hie authoritative view was thai the losses were not out of proportion lo Ihe damage done .o important targets. A 10 per cent loss iias been commonly regarded as too extravagant if sustained over a long period, for the continuation of an offensive. Thirty - seven of Hie planes were missing from Ihe Pilscn mission which the air ministry said was accomplshcd by Lancastcrs a n d Halifaxcs "in great force." Pilscn is also the home of Ihe world famed Pilscn brewery. Mannheim and Ludwigshaven are in the Rhine, in Soulhweslern Germany, connected by a bridge across the river. Anoihcr force ' of Wellingtons, Stirling's and Halifaxcs attacked the Armament works centered in that area and 18 bombers arc miss-i ing from that raid, it was an-j nounccd. "Preliminary reports indicated' both attacks were concentrated and successful," the communique said. The bomber losses in last night's operations were the greatest suffered by the British in this war. American Lightnings at almost the same lime located and bombed from a low level three supply ships and a large barge in a cove near Cape Serrat, blowing up Ihe barge. Oudna airfield south of T u n i s was covered with bomb bursts from large formations of medium Mitchells and Marauders, and six lo cigiil trucks were destroyed and a nearby railway station wrecked in this foray. Two more ships were hit during aerial operations, one a tanker at Catania, and Ihe oilier a supply ship in a convoy when Mallabasccl torpedo planes attacked. In sweeps up and down the front, Spitfires escorted American Bos- tons i n raids against enemy concentration in dry riverbeds. Heavy British bombers hit Naplec again Thursday night for the fourth time in a week and Liberators from the U. S. Desert Air F o r c u smashed at Catania i Snciyli ooxx smashed at Catania in Sicily in daylight yesterday. The RAF also Hacked Messina, Sicily and Rosano on the Italian mainland. Five Accused for Laurel Lynching B JACK GOULD Jackon, Miss., April 17 — (/l'i — By one of hilory's sardonic turns, the live Laurel, Mi., men on trial Monday after the federal indictment in 40 years in connection with a southern Negro ylnching are from Ihe one section of the deep south that refused in fight for state's rights in the Civil War. The trial is to be held ul Hallies- burg. Laurel, scene of the lynching which ihe indictments charge deprived the Negro of his civil liberties, is in Jones county, which in the war between the states not only refused lo seeeede from the union but actually "seeeedcd from the secessionists" lo become "Ihe Free Slale of Jone" and a military thorn in Ihe side of the Confederacy. Giving the trial setting another odd twisl is llic current Jones county feeling about the indictment, or, at least, that expressed as the stale capilol reccnlly by one of its more prominenl citizens: "Why," he said. "U is Ihe Civil War all over again, in court — slates' rights and all." Jones count's backwoodsmen in slave days, state library record show, owned few slaves, were almost unanimous against secession and sent to the secession convention a delegate uppo.sedly up- posile lo withdrawal from the union. 'Forward to Tunis! Drive the Enemy 'Into the Sea !' t S /• JSPKWfcST '*><£ */ <£ JK&K /$/, •" \ ^ ^-jeSte**^ iSLToikobeur •"?&& 7«»....b~^ • Or^li/inlM*!* LI II CDC OA. Djemmo L.J:— •Bcni Hassan Direction of allied drives Axis-held area 903 Killed, 3610 Wounded, 859 Missing in Africa —Africa Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April 17 — (/P) — General Dwight D. Eisenhower disclosed today the Second "U. S. Army Corps had captured 4,680 prisoners in recent fighting on the Tunisian front, destroyed or captured 683 Axis vehicles, destroyed or damaged (JO tanks and captured 150 guns. At the same time he revealed the Second Corps casualties were 5,370 Killed, wounded and missing. "The Second American Corps accomplished what it set out lo do, drawing off the German troops from in front of the Eighth Army and, at the time ia the battle when Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's forces broke through, was holding approximately 35,000 Axis troops in the El Guetar Maknassy area," the commander in chief declared at one of his rare "on the record" press conferences. Gen. Sir Harold Alexander, Eisenhower's deputy in charge of land operations, earlier had cited Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., for the work of the Second Corps, saying it had executed assigned tasks, foremost of which was to secure Gafsa as an administrative base for the Eighth army. Alexander expressed "my gratitude and thanks" to Patton, his staff and his men for "their local support and active cooperation in the part they played in this great victory." In addition to the prisoners and other materials taken, the trophies included 150 machine - guns and 25,000 land mines. American casualties were, listed by Eisenhower as 903 killed, 3,610 .._,..„ -r-g-n-jj-'BSD'lTii '-'""" - ' This battle cry from Gen. Bernard Montgomery js spurring the British Eighth Army on in the advance up the Tunisian coast. Meanwhile American, French, forces and the British First .Araiy are thrusting toward Bizerte and Tunis from positions, in the interior of "Tunisia. Map spots key towns, roads and railways in the area where the last battles for Tunisia may be fought to g first Third Degree Charged by Folke's Lawyer Albany, Ore., April 17 — MV-- The admission into court records of two asserted murder confessions by Robert E. Folke. young Negro dining car cook, drew the charge from Defense Allorncy Lc- roy Lomax that the oral statements were obtained by the use of liquor and third degree methods. Folks is being tried for first degree murder in the knife slaying of preily Mrs. Martha Virginia James, 21, Norfolk, Va., wife of a navy ensign, in belli lower 13 of a California - bound train Jan. 23. Folkes was arrested when the train -.irrived in Los Angeles. E. A. Tctrick, Los Angeles homicide squad lieutenant, testified yesterday an oral confession was obtained from the 20 - year - old Folkes after police had brought him. whisky and taken him to visit his girl friend. Circuit Judge L. G. Lewelling commented: "It is reprehensible that liquor should be given to a prisoner by police. However, the evidence shows that no liquor was given to this defendant lo dull his mind and that he was in full possession of all his faculties at the time." Funeral for Mrs. McCorkle 4 P. M. Sunday Funeral services for Mrs. Horlense Green McCorkle, wife of Ed McCorkle who died at her home here yesterday, will be held at the First Baptist Church Sunday after- noun at 4 o'clock, with the Rev. W. R. Hamilton officiating. Active pallbearers; Comer Boy- ctl. Robert LaGrone, James Jones, Albert Graves. Nick T. Jewell. George Peel;, Tom Kinscr and Henry Huynes. Honorary: Edwin Stewart, T. S. Cornelius. Charles Ruuton, Arch Moore, O. A. Graves. Roy Anderson, Gus Haynes. Syd McMath, John D. Barlow, Ed Thrash, Foy Hammons, John Vesey, E. P. Stewart, Dr. F. D. Henry, Dr. Don Smith, Dr. L. M. Lile and Dr. Charles A. Champlin. Il has been estimated thai American farm horses can accomplish from 25 lo 50 per cent more work if correctly managed and properly fed. Joncsboro, April 1 (/P) —Fred Mathes will be tried May 17 for first degree m,iirder for Ihe fatal shooting March/ 29 of James E. Parr, Joncsboro insurance executive and political advisor of Sen. Hallie W. Caraway. Acting Judge Walter Killough set the trial date after j-evoking an earlier order committing Mathes to the state hospital for a 30 - day observatoin period. He issued the revocation when' defense counsel pressed its objection to the procedure. Prosecutor Marcus Fictx had asked that Mathes be placed under observation. One Arkansan Missing, 6 Are Wounded Washington, April J7-(/l>|—1'Jale Bryant Meadows, an oiler, whose parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. 1'. Meadows live at Lavaca was the only Arkansan included in a list of 293 Merchant Marines missing or dead made public by the Navy Department, today. Town's First Casualty Liuaca, April 17 — (/[•) —- Dale Meadows is Lavaea's first casually of the war. A war bond rally at Lavaca high gymnasium was dedicated to him. His parents were notified March 29 that he was missing. Six Wounded In Action Washington, April 17—(/T)—Six Arkansans were included on a list of 513 soldiers wounded in action made public by the War Department today. Four Arkansans were listed as wounded in action in the No r t h African area: Tech. 5lh Henry U. Holt, son of Ed. Holt, Wynne." Pvt. Hut'us A. Mc-Oowan. son of Mrs. Dollie McGowan, route 5, of Jonesooro. Tech. Sgl. Eddie Wilson, husband nf Mrs. Ruth A. Wilson, Box 192, Wu Id ron. Staff Sgl. Waller M. Woods, son of Marlin Woods, Watcrvalley. Two Arkansans wounded in action in 'he Pacific area arc: Pvt. Nowman R. Ford, whose wife Mrs. Lucy Fo.'d lives on Route 4, Ozark. Pfc. Jodie J. Wynne, whose mother Mrs. Mabel F. Wynne lives on Star route, Sheridan. Thanks to modern science, lumber is now easily treated to make it highly fire-resistant. Southwood Oil Co. Brings in Well Friday Stamps, Ark., April 17th—Special to the Hope Star—Southwood Oil Company added another producer in the Midway field of Lafayetle counly yesterday at its Hodnett No. 9 SE NE of seclion 18-15-23 flowed after pel-formations from G445 to 6470 feel. Porosity was topped at 0449 feet. Official gauge was not ycl available as Ihe lesl was slill cleaning ilself. Southwood has been unusually successful in its ventures in the Midway field, having a total of six producers thus far. Total number of producing wells in the Midway area is now 36. Bad luck has continued to be Barnsdall Oil Company's lot however, recently, that company announced this week that ils Millard F. Creek NE SE seclion 10-15-24 and its Grace No. I wildcat in Miller county were both dry holes. Location of, the Grace test was the C SE NW section 4-15-27, hopes had been held high in that the test would eventually make a producer due to the exlenl of oil saturation encountered, but on first and second production attempts salt water encroached and operators decided that further efforts towards completion were futile. Oil men here believe however, thai other wells in that same vicinity will be sunk in the near future, as the formation holds too much promise for no more exploration than has already been accomplished. Oilier activities in the Midway field include Gene Goff drilling below 5800 feet at his Darnell No. 2 NE NE section 9-15-24. Two locations in the area are expected lo get under way soon, for which announcements were made about two weeks ago by Barnsdall and Arkansas Fuel Oil Companies, both are in seclion 9-15-24. Woman Killed, Two Hurt in Auto Wreck Wynne. Ark.. April 17 — (/Pi — Mrs. Lillian Loveless. 26, Wynne, was killed and two other persons injured when an automobile in which they were riding crashed into a bridge abutment a mile and a half sought of Wynne early today. Mrs. Polly King Flanagan of ihe McDonald community suffered head culs and John Wesley Smith, 26, Pine Tree community, suslained a broken lefl thigh. A fourth occupant of the car escaped injury. Mrs. Loveless is survived by her husband, two small children and her father. Allies Resume Pressure in Tunisia Hills By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarter in North Africa, April 17 — (JP) — British infantry of the First Army has renewed its pressure in the rugged hills guarding the gateway to the plain of Tunis after seizing the dominating height of Djebcl Ang north of Medjez - El Bab, a com- munique from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters announced today. At the same lime the French to the south in Iho strategic Bou Arada and Pont Du Fans area, with vigorous patrol action, continued to bear on the western flank of Marshal Erwin Rommel's Enfida- ville line while the British Eiffilh Army engaged outposls and patrols in frontal activity. The pressure by the First Army of Lieut. Gen. K. A. N. Anderson against the relatively thin screen of high ground standing between it and the open country to Tunis, 30 miles distant, was continued with fierce determination, but the communique did not indicate any advance of the British mountain brigades since they took firm hold of Djebcl Ang, eight miles north of Mcdjcz - El Bab, in mid-week. French forces which swept the Tunisian eastern Dorsal clean of the enemy hammered at strong points to which Rommel had anchored the wester n end of his south ern defenses, and the Eighth Army probed this line, running 30 miles due west of Enfidaville, where enemy artillery has embraced on the high ground 50 miles south of Tunis. The keynote of the Tunisian campaign was struck by Eisenhower wtih ihe assertion "hard fighting still lies ahead before wo throw the enemy oul of North Africa." Flying Fortresses again led the devastating Allied air offensive with an afternoon raid on Palermo harbor in Sicily yesterday where they scored direct hits on four merchant vessels and damaged two destroyers, one of which caught, fire. In addition two Hopper barges and a motor ferry were destroyed, numerous small craft wrecked and many bursting bombs dropped on the power station, naval headquarters, the seaplane base and the warehouse area. School Feedbag A War Casualty Charlotte, N. C. (.-I 1 )--There will be no junior-senior banquet this year at Queens College, a girls' school here. The juniors were unable to find an eating place with enough food lo serve the banquet and the seniors were short on escorts because so many young men had gone to war.
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