The Ed/tor sdys: It's a switch: What som© voters want is Representation without Taxation Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburh Letters toyeolde editor Editor The Star: Thank you for the pictures and newspapers regarding "Memory Cabin" (old log cabin pictorial feature of Aug. 30). You certainly handled Miss Kidd's story and your pictures in an attractive, commendable way. We've received many compliments on "Down Memory Lane." And we've had many more visitors. You come back to see us—any ole time! Best wishes MRS. MARGERY ELEY Sept. 4, 1974 Belton McCaskill, Rt. 1 Editor The Star: Thanks for the tear-sheets from The Star am! the Arkansas Democrat (Star of Sept. 9 carrying the two newspapers' attacks on the proposed state office building at Little Rock). Bill Whitehead (Malvern and Fordyce publisher), I believe, is reprinting your observations in his Fordyce News-Advocate tliis week, and I hope other papers will do likewise. I hear of a suit being set up but know no details. I am forwarding your column to State Senator Morriss Henry who will appreciate your words of support. ERNIE DEANE Sept. 11, 1974 Fayetteville, Ark. Keillor The Star : On behalf of the members of the Arkansas Highway Commission, I want to thank you for the excellent coverage on the dedication of the new District 3 Headquarters (Star of Sept. 5). We appreciate it very much. Sincerely, JAMES A. LJIANNAN Member Arkansas State Highway Commission Sept. 10, 1974 Little Hock, Ark. jt&umpers defends project LITTLE ROCK (AP) - Gov. Dale Bumpers repeated his support Thursday for the Public Building Authority's proposed $75 million Capitol building project and said it could withstand a legal test. Bumpers made the remarks after state Rep. Thomas E. Sparks of Fordyce announced he would file suit to stop the project, which he called open ended with regard to cost. "I don't think it is open ended," Bumpers said. "I don't think the PBA would abuse its authority and the commitment made to me and the Legislative Council." Sparks said the suit would allege that the legislation which created the PBA (Act 236 of 1973) was unconstitutional. He wouldn't discuss the legal grounds for the suit in detail, prior to the filing. He said other taxpayers might join him in the suit. "We are filing the lawsuit because it is absolutely necessary that the Authority be stopped before they can proceed so far that there will be no stopping it," Sparks said in a press conference Thursday at the State Capitol. "The courts, the people's representatives and the people themselves should have the final voice in tins change of such magnitude on our Capitol grounds. It is hoped that those who feel as we do will form committees for the >• ii-pose of informing others and of supporting us in this litigation." The Legislative Council has given the go-iihead to the PBA for cons true lion of new build- mgs on the Capitol grounds. ^^^^^^^ jj^*j^j^^ Hope Hempstedd County- Home of the Bowie Knife VOL. 75—No. 284 —1 Paeos M CmhCr " f » he / ss r lat . ed .*"* , . HOPE, ARKANSAS FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1974 rages Newspaper Enterprise Ass n. Features ' _ .-.. . . .- -. - - - Av. no. paid circulation 3 months ending March 31 1974-4.080 As filed with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject to aud.t. PRICE lOc Swine barns —old and new JAMES LUCK (above) hoses out the old swine barn at Fair Park-as preparations for the Third District Livestock Show pick up. A new swine barn (below), capable of holding approximately 80 pigs, has been added to the —Hope (Ark.) Star photo by Roger Head existing facilities to give the show space to exhibit a total of approximately 140 swine. The old building will continue to be used to exhibit swine and some sheep. Police escort school buses BOSTON (AP) — Motorcycle police escorted mostly empty buses today as they brought black pupils to schools in white South Boston on the second day of court-ordered busing. There were four arrests for disorderly conduct as police lined both sides of the bus route for about two miles through the blue collar Irish section. No crowds assembled near the schools, honoring a city ban on assemblies imposed after angry crowds of whites stoned several buses in the area Thursday. The first 12 buses today card ried 24 black pupils. Helmeted policemen standing about five yards apart encircled South Boston High School. A police spokesman said 300 to 400 officers had been assigned to the area. Eight black children were hurt when buses were stoned on Thursday, when about a third of the city's pupils stayed home. But officials called the opening of school successful. The integration program ordered by a federal judge went smoothly in most parts of the city, but there was trouble in South Boston, a white neighbor- hood that is the center of anti- busing activity. Black students were taunted and jeered when they entered South Boston High School. Pieces of board were hurled as a black girl walked from the last arriving bus. Helmeted police forced about 400 teenagers and adults away from the school at the end of the day. Five arrests were made and one policeman was injured, one policeman was injured. Buses carrying black students home were showered with rocks and bottles near an annex to the high school. Eight children and a bus monitor were cut by flying glass as windows burst. None of those injured required hospitalization. Mayor Kevin H. White responded with an order that police escort school buses and allow no more than three persons to gather near schools where there was trouble. "I don't intend to let this happen again. It is more than this city will permit," White said. At many schools, problems amounted to nothing more than students with jumbled schedules because of a computer snag. "When you look at the overall school situation in the City of Boston, we did have a successful school opening," said School Supt. William Leary. Black parents with children assigned to South Boston schools were urged to keep their children home today by Thomas Atkins, president of the Boston chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Atkins said he would ask for the assignment of federal marshals to school buses. White parents protesting busing have called a school boycott lasting two weeks. It was successful at some South Boston schools on Thursday but hardly noticeable at schools in other areas. The busing of 18,200 students - 8,510 white pupils and 9,725 nonwhite students — is called for under an integration plan ordered in June by U.S. District Court Judge W. Arthur Garrity. He said the School Committee had "intentionally segregated schools at all levels" and, in effect, ran a dual system for 36,000 nonwhite pupils. Economists see no relief in 1974 RAIN WASHINGTON (AP) - Two of President Ford's top economic advisers say consumers won't get any significant relief from the nation's soaring inflation rate this year. The gloomy predictions came from departing presidential economic counselor Kenneth Rush and Chairman Alan Greenspan of the Council of Economics Advisers. Despite months of anti-inflation effort, including record high interest rates most of this year, these advisers say the earliest any real progress can be made is next year. These views mark a major retreat from Nixon administration predictions that the rate of inflation, now about 11 per cent, would decline to 7 per cent by the end of this year. This target was revised upward a month ago to 8 per cent. Rush, who was confirmed by the Senate on Thursday as ambassador to France, indicated in an interview that the inflation rate may still be above 10 per cent when 1974 draws to a close. In other economic developments on Thursday: —Senate Democrats voted to send President Ford several economic policy proposals for consideration at the upcoming economic summit meeting. —leaders of the nation's housing industry attending an economic minisuminit in Atlanta made a bid to exempt their industry from anti-inflationary tight money policies. The Federal Power Commission staff recommended a single nationwide price on certain natural gas, a move virtually certain to increase gas prices. The wholesale price index for August was released show- ing a 3.9 per cent leap, an indication that inflation may be getting worse. —Ford Motor Co., announced a 7.4 per cent price hike on its 1975 model cars. Greenspan told labor leaders meeting at the White House on Wednesday that "in the immediate period ahead it does not appear as though the inflation rate is turning down...." Greenspan said "we hope' it will decline in 1975. Both Rush and Greenspan cited the prospect of higher food costs, resulting in part from a Midwest drought, as being largely responsible for the worsening inflation outlook. Treasury Secretary William L'. Simon was not quite so pessimistic as they were, but he indicated to a newsman that it was unlikely the inflation rate would be below 8.5 per cent this year, and could be higher win swap prisoners NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Sick and wounded prisoners from the Cyprus war will be exchanged starting Monday, 31 days since the cease-fire, the rival leaders of the island said today. Greek Cypriot leader Glafcos Clerides, the president of Cyprus, cand Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash, the vice president, agreed to start the swap of the sick and wounded, of captives under 18 and over 50 years of age, plus students, teachers, clergymen and doctors held in the island's prison camps. Full lists of prisoners have not been disclosed, but the International Red Cross reported that it knew of at least 5,000 war prisoners, detainees and hostages even before the second round of Cyprus fighting a month ago. All the reported captives and detainees were men and two^ thirds of them were civilians, the Red Cross said. Swiss Red Cross officials on the island were still drawing up plans for a full release of all captives. The agreement between Cle- rides and Denktash was announced by a spokesman for the U.N. peacekeeping force. He said the release of young prisoners, students and teachers will follow the release of the sick and wounded. Black bird trying for new record LONDON (AP) - A record- breaking American spy plane, the SH71 Blackbird, left Britain toda> on aiiothtr attempt to fly the 5,645 miles from London to Ixw, Angeles in under 4 1 2 hours. "U looks so far that she's makiiiu ^*•''"> good tune," a L'.S. An Fort.i. 1 spokesman said .ihorlls alter the black needle- IIUM.-I! jet look off from Mildenhall Air base in Suffolk, 50 tiaU-.-> iiuriheast of London. Ethiopian regime presses Washington for more arms ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) — Ethiopia's new military rulers have warned the United States that unless it increases its supply of arms to counter Soviet shipments of tanks and MIG jets to neighboring Somalia, they may look elsewhere. The warning was reported by diplomats today in the wake of the overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie. The diplomatic observers believe the removal on Thursday of the 82-year-old emperor who once held absolute power may herald a major shift in relations with Washington, Ethiopia's chief source of aid. Some diplomats think the new regime may turn to France for military hardware and to China for other help if the United States does not supply what is wanted. The United States has given Ethiopia about $500 million worth of military and economic aid since World War II. That is more than any other African country got. But reformers charge that Washington, with its aid, was a prop for the emperor's feudal regime. And the military and others are resentful because the U.S. government has rebuffed requests for more arms to restore Ethiopian supremacy along the border with Somalia, which claims the eastern quarter of Ethiopia. The United States has reportedly begun supplying heavy tanks to Ethiopia, but the total military aid is expected to remain at about $10 million a ye jr. The military takeover also could expedite a settlement with the Eritrean Liberation Front, which has been fighting a guerrilla war for 10 years in Eritrea, Ethiopia's northernmost province. Lt. Gen. Michael Andom, the armed forces chief of staff who was named temporary head of the government on Thursday, is an Eritrean. He recently toured the province and called for peace and unity, and many observers there believe the guerrillas might settle for the partial autonomy promised by the proposed new constitution. It provides for locally elected legislatures in the country's 14 provinces and local selection of iudges. /The proclamation deposing the emperor and establishing the provisional military government promised sweeping changes to convert Ethiopia from a feudal society of 26 million people dominated by 1,000 aristocratic, land-owning families to a modern democratic society. But some questioned whether the soldiers could make much headway against centuries-old tradition and the government bureaucracy. And others ques- tioned whether the soldiers would keep their promise to turn the government over eventually to elected civilians. Informed sources said Haile Selassie and members of his family were being held at the Koka Palace 52 miles east of Addis Ababa. The military junta said it was recalling Cro\vn Prince Asfa Wossen, 58, from Switzerland to be a figurehead king. But he is partly paralyzed after a stroke nearly two years ago and still spends much of his time in the hospital. Burning ship lies abandoned in Gulf KEY WEST, Fla. (AP) The $27 million luxury liner Cunard Ambassador, a fire raging in its interior, wallowed abandoned in the Gulf of Mexico today. Officials feared it might capsize before the fire could be put out. The blaze, spreading amidships, forced 53 Ambassador crewmen and 40 Coast Guard- men who fought the fire to abandon ship late Thursday as it lay dead in the water 35 miles off Key West. There were no reports of injuries. The Ambassador, portions of its gleaming white exterior scorched by intense heat, was listing from water pumped aboard as Coast Guard ships stood by through the night. "The risk of capsizing is a definite one now and it doesn't look good," a Coast. Guard spokesman said. The 480-foot liner was carrying 309 crewmen but no passengers when the fire erupted shortly after dawn on Thursday. Most of the crew were transferred to a passing naval tanker within hours. The Coast Guard spokesman said the blaze started as the liner rounded the tip of Florida en route from Miami to New Orleans, where it was to pick up passengers for a cruise to Vera Cruz, Mexico. The fire apparently was caused when fuel spewed from a ruptured line and ignited when it hit the hot diesel engine, the spokesman said. Capt. Robert Howard ordered most of the crew to abandon ship soon afterward. Two hours later they were aboard the naval vessel Tallulah, which then continued on course to Fort Lauderdale. The 14,160-ton Ambassadorp, owned by a subsidiary of Cunard Lines Ltd., was leased to Bahama Cruise Lines of Miami. Most of the crew, including Howard, are from England. Black guerrillas will help maintain order Holiday is extended The Hope public schools have changed the school calendar for the current year. Schools will be dismissed the entire week of Thanksgiving, November 25-29. This change is being made in order that teachers may attend the annual meeting of the Arkansas Education Association during the week. These three days will extend the school year to May 21. LISBON, Portugal (AP) Black guerrillas who have been fighting the Portuguese army for 10 years in Mozambique are being brought into I/>urenco Marques to help their former enemies prevent a renewal of rioting and racial violence in the capital of the African territory, the Portuguese government announced today. "The situation in lx>urenco Marques continues to normalize, although there remains a risk of sporadic incidents," a communique said. It reported that Portuguese army reinforcements continued to arrive in the city from northern Mozambique. In addition, "elements of Frelimo forces will arrive shortly to complete the process of normalizing the situation in the area of Lourenco Marques in collaboration with Portuguese military and police forces," the communique said. Frelimo is the black liberation movement that signed an independence agreement with the Portuguese government last Saturday. The agreement pro- vides for a Frelimo-Portuguese coalition government dominated by the blacks until independence next June. Several hundred white settlers in Lourenco Marques plus some anti-Frelimo lacks tried to force cancellation of the agreement last weekend by seizing the radio station, airport and other key government installations. .After the rebellion collapsed on Tuesday, blacks in the shantytowns on three sides of the city went on a rampage for more than 24 hours, looting and burning shops belonging to Por- : tuguese and Asians and killing anti-Frelimo blacks. The communique said 60 bodies have been counted and 427 wounded received hospital treatment, including some 200 who were able to return home after first aid. Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. Jury discusses Wounded Knee By JOHN LUNDQUIST Associated Press Writer ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) — A federal jury continued its deliberations today of conspiracy, assault and larceny charges against two leaders of the 71- day armed occupation of Wounded Knee, S.D., last year. The 12-member panel discussed the case for eight hours on Thursday then retired for the night without reaching a verdict. The defendants, Russell Means, 35, Porcupine, S.D., and Dennis Banks, 42, St. Paul, are charged with three counts of assaulting federal officers, one of larceny and one of conspiracy. After four alternate jurors were excused on Thursday, three told newsmen they felt the prosecution had not proved a case against Means and Banks, leaders in the American Indian Movement. The fourth alternate was not available for comment. If convicted, the two Indian leaders each face a maximum penalty of 40 years in prison and fines of $45,000. Banks and Means were among some 200 armed Indian militants who occupied the hamlet of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation on Feb. 27, 1973. The} were protesting the administration of tribal laws on the sprawling Oglala Sioux res- en at ion and the violation of Indian treaty rights. The village was surrounded by federal agents, and sporadic firelights which broke out between the occupiers and the federal officers left two Indians dead and nine other persons wounded before the militants withdrew from Wounded Knee. Ted campaigns LOS ANGELES (AP) - Sen. Edward M. Kennedy is on his first full-fledged campaign tour of 1974, an effort to help Democrats win key congressional contests in Ohio and California. The Massachussets Democrat stopped first in Cincinnati on Thursday night to speak in behalf of Rep. Thomas A. Luken, who captured a traditionally Republican seat in a special election this year.
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