Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on October 12, 1949 · Page 2
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 2

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 12, 1949
Page 2
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Mason City Globe-Ga z_e_Mj 24 Many Ways of Investing In Starting The farmer who's just starting out may choose one of several ways to invest his beginning capital. He can invest 'in items • such as livestock that will increase the amount of labor which can be used profitably or he can invest in machinery and equipment that will actually decrease labor needs, says Raymond R. Beneke, agricultural economist at Iowa State college. Since the beginning farmers usually has relatively more labor resources than he has capital, Beneke recommends livestock as the first method of investment for the young man on the small farm. He points out that the "labor - increasing" enterprise will add the most to farm income. In addition, livestock gives the farmer more ways to sell his labor and management. The economist points out that good machinery is essential to any farm operation, but he say? that too many young farmers tie up a large part of their finances in machinery and equipment when they could be building a larger business. He suggests buying used machinery, joint ownership with neighbors and custom work, as ways of keeping machinery costs down. Price trends play an important part in the success of.begin- ning farmers, Beneke says. Those who started in 1915 and in 1940 had the benefit of rising prices. Incomes were growing and farm product values were on the way up. lowans who began farming in 1929 had quite different experiences with falling prices, the economist recalls. However, the young man who attempts to get into the farming business at "just the right time" runs the risk of letting a chance to get started slip by him, Beneke says. Too, the man who expects to be a successful farmer wants to start while he's still young. While it now appears that the peak of another price and income boom has passed, the. economist believes that young lowans who plan to begin farming can still make satisfactory financial progress if they manage and invest wisely. For the nation as a whole, farm real estate taxes continued to rise last year. -They were up an average of about 8 per cent above 1947, according to the USD A. More Milk When Fed in Dry Period An Iowa State college extension dairyman offered farmers a couple of pointers that will step up milk production per cow and produce stronger calves. His suggestions are to give dairy cows a 6 to 8 weeks rest and a good ration during the dry period. Ray Murley said that a cow will return as much as 25 per cent more milk if'fed well during the dry period than if she had no rest or was not fed properly. A dry TOW has 3 important jobs to do. She must recover from a heavy milk-procJ>»ci period, build a calf and store reserves for the next milki period. How well she does the: jobs depends upon how long rest she has and how werl si is fed during the dry period, a cording to Murley. There is no feeding proble for -A cow soon to freshen there is plenty of good pastu available. However, Murley sa that if pasture isn't availabi hay, silage or both should be f< liberally. Amount of grain feed depends on ihe conditu of the cow. If she is in ordinal condition, 4 to 5 pounds will 1 enough. If the cow is veryvthi she should be fed as much as or 8 pounds of grain per da .Generally it is practical to fee the same grain mixture to tl dry cow as is fed to the mi!kii herd, Murley said. PWlfwW,^ ''Rivers of grass" flow across this country. Millions of cattle and lambs have spent the spring and summer turning grass into meat. Now they are ready for round-up and shipment. So in October they move to the markets—in a great flood of livestock. Many go direct from the range to meat-packing plants. Others go to the feed lots to be grain-finished. But, either way, these meat animals are mostly, gross—which folks cannot eat —converted into appetizing, nourishing meat for people. They are adding greatly to the health and wealth of the nation. Without this "livestock economy," in which you and we are engaged, 779,000,000 acres of our United States would produce little food for human use. Whether you ship your cattle and lambs early or late—whether it's to Chicago, Ft. Worth, Denver or any of scores of other markets—you'll find buyers there to bid for them. With many others, Swift £ Company helps provide the year-'round daily market which is as essential to your business as it is to ours. Your grass, turned into meat, is a vital raw material of all meat-packing operations. There is keen competition for it. Every meat packer and commercial slaughterer (and there are more than 1S,C»0 of them in the United States) must have a regular supply of meat animals. Each buyer knows the high bid gets the animals. He knows also that his own price range is set by supply and demand. He sees your steers and lambs as so many pounds of meat and by-products. The price you are offered for your livestock is governed by what the meat packer can get for the meat and the by-products. -Soda Bill Sez The communist believes no man should be rich; the capitalist believes no man should be poor. —~—,-—OUR CITY COUSIN- That big machine, City Cousin hears, Is the kind that pulls off ears! for Meat In the early days of our country, livestock was produced close to the point where it was eaten. But as'the population grew, those conditions changed. Today two thirds of the people live east of the Mississippi, while two thirds of the livestock is produced west of that river. To bridge that gap of more than 1,000 miles is no small job. Millions of head of livestock must be processed and the meat distributed to where it is wanted. The facilities of nationwide meat packers provide you with markets for your meat animals; move the meat to cities and towns where it is in demand. Swift & Company, and other nationwide meat packers, sell meat to retailers wherever there are people who want to buy it ... no matter how far that may be from your farm or ranch. We bring you the benefit of national, rather than local, demand. This means that, in selling your livestock, you choose between the price created by local demand, or the price created by the national demand of millions of meat eaters. We work hard to encourage people to serve meat oftener—to eat more of it ... And we are proud that our nationwide system is one of the most efficient, low-cost food distribution systems in the United States. P. M. JARVIS Vice-President Swift & Company Quotes of the Month "We as ranchers, are not sufficient unto oursclvi In fact, we are only the beginning of the beef hi Of equal importance are the feeder, the processor, t distributor and the consumer. Disregard the ngl or welfare of any of these, and sooner or latjr ^ <5iifFpr " Sam R. McKelvie Pres. Sandhills Cattle Asf. "He gave it for his opinion that whoever could ma two ears of corn, or two blades of grass, to grow up« a spot of ground where only one grew before, wou deserve better of mankind, and do more essent service to his country, than the whole race ofspoh cians put together." Gulliver's Travels (written in 172 gopatti fficd/ie SAUSAGE AND CORN BREAD (Yield: 6 servings} 1 Ib. pork sausage meat 1 Vi cups corn meal Vz cup sifted flour '/j tsp. salt 1 tsp. baking powder 1 tsp. soda 1 cup sour milk 1 egg 2 tbsp. pork sausage drippings Brown pork sausage meat thoroughly in heavy skillet (about 9 inches in diameter). Drain off drippings. Sift together corn meal, flour, salt, baking powder, and soda. Combine egg and milk and heat until well combined. Add 2 tablespoons drippings fo milk and egg mixture. Pour liquid into dry ingredients and stir just until well mixed. Pour batter over pork sausage in heated skillet. Bake in moderately hot oven (450 °F.) until well browned, about 30 to 35 minutes. Serve hot as main kncheon dish. Supplement that Poor Forage by Robert D. Rasmussen New Mexico A. & M. College Dried-up pastures and winter weather create the same feeding _ problem for the cattleman. They simply mean th you have lower quality feed and less of it. And y have little choice as to what you can do about You can let the cattle eat what they can find. In tl case you're likely to take a weight loss on your cov You'll also take a chance on a weak calf crop. Or y can feed a supplement. If you feed enough of t right kind, your cows and unborn calves will coi through in good, healthy condition. ( California experiments on deficient range show the cow herd that got a protein supplement produc a 91% calf crop. Cows on similar range, without supplement, produced a 61% calf crop. Arizona fou that feeding supplement increased the weight of t calves at birth by 10 pounds. . V The amount of supplement needed varies. Co carrying calves, and young stock require more p) tein. than open cows or mature animals. A safe rule follow is to watch the condition of the stock. Ke them healthy and thrifty. _ Research by the New Mexico agricultural expe ment station shows that during the winter mont range forage is most critically short of phosphorus •well as protein. While some of the cake supplemei are high jn phosphorus as well as protein, mi ranchers over the state are using mineral supplemc for year-'round use. A mineral supplement conta ing at least 6% phosphorus should be. made availal at all times to range cattle. Experiments have shoy that year-'round use is better and more profits i than seasonal use. . Here's a goal for cattlemen. Use whatever ki. and amount of supplement is necessary to keep yc L cattle healthy and thrifty. (Editor's Note: The pr^ ciples of animal nutrition discussed above apply in j* ports of the country. ) * Swift & Company UNION STOCKYARDS, CHICAGO 9, ILI-INff Nutrition is our business — and yo?

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