Th§ Editor says: , '' It's a switch: What some voters want is Representation without Taxation, Hempstead Counfy- Home of the Bowie Knife Star VOL. 75—No. 283 —12 Pages Member of the Associated Press Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. Features HOPE, ARKANSAS THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12. Ifl74 Av. net paid circulation 3 months ending March 31,1974-4,080 As filed with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject to audit. PRICE tOc Hope-Kirby route designated primary state road, Sen. Hendrix announces OVCrtlirOW ' The Hope-Kirby route—No. 4 from here to Nashville, and No.*27 from Nashville through Murfreesboro to Kirby—now a secondary state road, has been declared a primary state highway, llth District State Sen. Olen Hendrix of Antoine informed The Star in a letter received today.. Sen. Hendrix wrote The Star as follows: Mr. Alex. H. Washburn Editor, Hope Star Hope, Ark. Dear Mr. Washburn: I have been notified by the State Highway Department that Highway 27 from Kirby to Murfreesboro to Nashville intersecting with highway No. 4 at Nashville through Hope, Ark., has been approved as a primary state highway. This connecting link from Hope to Kirby will no longer be a secondary road. The advantages of having this section classified as a primary highway will be that in future construction, the state and federal government will bear the cost of rights-of-way. Also, the load limit on this road will be increased to the maximum. Also, there is the possibility it will be designated as a U.S. route. I surely enjoyed being there with you and Pod Rogers at the highway building dedication in Hope Sept. 4. Give my regards to your staff of employes. With warm personal regards, I remain. Sincerely, OLEN HENDRIX Senator, llth District Sept. 9, 1974 Antoine, Ark. Six buried in avalanche KATMANDU, Nepal (AP) The leader of the French expedition to Mt. Everest and five Sherpa guides were buried alive by an avalanche that swept away two camps and forced the climbers to abandon their attempt to climb the world's highest peak, the Nepal Foreign Ministry announced today. The ministry said the avalanche roared down the slopes of Everest on Monday, two days after the team of French professional mountaineers had pitched their third major camp at 22,632 feet on their way toward the 29,028-foot summit. Photographed by The Star Sept. 4 SEN. OLEN HENDRIX NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Military reformers pledged to democracy and a new deal for the peasants today deposed Emperor Haile Selassie, the world's oldest and longest- reigning monarch, and arrested him, sources in Addis Ababa reported. The 13-man military committee thai has been running Elhiopia for several monlhs said it was recalling the emperor's 58-year-old son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, from Switzerland and would make (him a figurehead king without any authorily. However, the prince suffered a stroke nearly two years ago. A friend in Geneva said he is still partially paralyzed and spends much of his time in the hospital. The prince's son, Zere Yakob, who Selassie designated earlier this year as his successor as emperor, was believed en route to Geneva from Oxford University in England to see his ailing father. New bill sets Residenls of Asmara, Elh- iopia's second largesl city, reported thai crowds rejoiced in the streets when news spread that Selassie was overthrown. An eyewitness said Selassie was taken away in the back seat of a blue sedan. The announcement thai Selassie was deposed was made by the 13-man Armed Forces Coordinating Committee. It said parliament was closed, the constitution suspended, thai troops were forming a provisional government and that civilian cabinet ministers were asked to remain in their posts. It said church and slate would be separaled in a new conslitulion being readied under mililary supervision, and lhal il would provide for a free press and a representative ci- vilian Unofficial estimates put Selassie's wealth abroavl at $10 billion, making him one of the world's richest men as well as ruler of one of the world's poorest countries. But Selassie reportedly contended that much of his wealth has been distributed among his children and cannot be recovered. An American eyewitness said a detachment of troops moved the 82-year-old emperor from his marble-lined palace in the central Addis Ababa at 10:30 a.m. and took him to the headquarters of the 4th Army Division, a ramshackle walled enclosure near the railroad tracks. Troops were deployed at key points. The city had been put under a night-time curfew at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday. Addis Ababa was reported quiet, but Western embassies advised foreign residents to stay indoors. The airport in Addis Ababa was reported closed, and commercial communications to Ethiopia were cut. Earlier, reliable sources in the Ethiopian capital reported that the military had detained the emperor's only surviving daughter, Princess Tegagne- Work, who is the wife of an aristocrat accused of massive embezzlement of public funds. The sources said the detention of the princess could signal the roundup of other members of the royal family. The Armed Forces Coordinatd ing Committee, a group of anonymous officers who have been directing the gradual mill- tary takeover of Ethiopia, has: accused the emperor and the; feudal landowners who with: him controlled the country of: embezzling millions of dollars,: encouraging bureaucratic cor-; ruption and doing nothing to ak leviate the effects of the: drought which in the past two; years killed an estimated 100,000 persons. ; The military committee on: Wednesday accused the emperor of refusing to return billions, of dollars from secret Swiss bank accounts and other reposi- lories abroad. Selassie himself has been under virtual house arrest for several weeks, confined by the army to a radius of three miles around his Jubilee Palace, which the reformers have nationalized and renamed the National Palace. Wholesale prices soar Cause of air crash spe ed limit puzzles investigators CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP);The Eastern'Airlines jetliner had cleared its approach and passengers settled back for an apparently normal landing. Then, seconds away from the expected safe landing, the craft mysteriously plunged into A n cornfield, killing"69 persons. The DC9-30 disintegrated and burst into flames as it bounced from the cornfield into a wooded hillside. Thirteen persons survived the crash on Wednesday, including a stewardess who walked away from the wreckage. "There was no warning," said Charles J. Weaver of Charleston, one of the survivors. "It looked like a normal landing approach. I looked out and saw the ground and I knew we were going to crash." Cause of the crash of Eastern flight 212 from Charleston, S.C., remained a puzzle as federal aviation investigators began their work. Authorities said there were pockets of fog in the crash area, about two miles south of the Charlote's Douglas Municipal Airport, but no definite evidence that poor visibility hampered the pilot's approach. Federal authorities hoped the first officer, James M. Daniels Jr..; who also -.survive^ could shed some light on'the crash. Ed Slattery, a spokesman for the National Transportation Safety Board, said the plane's flight data recorder and cockpit voice recorder were both recovered and were sent to Washington for study. Among the dead were Rear Adm. Charles W. Cummings, named commandant of the 6th Naval District in Charleston six days ago, and John Merriman, news editor for The CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite. After investigators surveyed the site, the bodies were taken to a temporary morgue in a National Guard Armory near the airport. Medical authorities worked late Wednesday night trying to identify the bodies. Last known POW will be freed •VIENTIANE, Laos (AP) — Emmet J. Kay of Hawaii, the last known American prisoner of war, will be freed next Thursday as part of a general prisoner exchange between the Communist Pathet Lao and the Laotian army, a diplomatic source reported today. The Laotian Communists gave neutral diplomats "a categorical assurance" Wednesday night they would free the 47- year-old civilian pilot with the first prisoners, the source said. Earlier reports said Kay would be one of the last POW's handed over. Kay, 47, was a pilot for Continental Air Services, a charter line. The Pathet Lao captured him when his small plane was forced down in Communist territory on May 7, 1973, and he has been held at Sam Neua, the Pathet Lao capital in northeastern Laos. The source said Kay would probably be flown to Phonesa- van, on the Plain of Jars, one of the three or four locations in Laos at which prisoner exchange ceremonies will be held on Thursday. A Laotian air force plane is to bring him to Vientiane, where he Vill be handed over to the United States Embassy, the source said. Embassy sources it said he probably would be flown almost immediately to a U.S. airbase in northeastern Thailand and there put aboard an Air Force flight to Guam or Hawaii, depending on his health. No American officials will go to the Plain of Jars for Kay's release. "The Pathet I.ao takes the view that this is an internal affair between the two Lao parties," the source said. WASHING™ (AP) — The nationwide highway speed limit' would be set permanently at 55 miles per hour under a measure given 85-0 approval by the Senate. The speed-limit provision was part of a highway bill okayed by the Senate on Wednesday and sent to the House. The -provision would rnakif' permanent a temporary 55 m.p.h. limit that was enacted in Ihe midsl of Ihe energy crisis lasl winter but which is to expire June 30, 1975. As in the temporary measure, the permanent limit would be enforced by culling off federal highway aid lo stales lhal refused lo sel Iheir limits at 55 m.p.h. or lower. Advocates said the reduced speeds have resulted in large savings of lives and gasoline. The bill also would increase from 73,280 to 80,000 pounds the maximum allowable weight for vehicles on the Inters lale highway syslem. Supporters said it would lead to more economical trucking operations, while the American Automobile Association denounced it as a hazard to motorists. The Senate also wenl on record in favor of killing a requirement thai cars be equipped wilh an interlock system lo prevent them from starting before seat belts are fastened. Senators adopted that amendment, 64 to 2L^but the sponsors, Sens. James L. Buckley, Con., R-N.Y., and Thomas F. Eagleton, D-Mo., then withdrew it. The sponsors explained lhat eliminalion of Ihe interlock devices, which became mandatory with 1974-model cars, was being considered in other legislation now in a Senate-House conference. But Ihey said the vote showed the Senate's sentiment on the matter. Boston whites boycott schools _ ... . .. ... . .. ... _.,„,,» NTi-» i n_ P^iir\i it BOSTON (AP) - A threal- ened white boycotl appeared to have taken effect and at least one school was the scene of a white outbursl loday as Boslon schools opened for Ihe firsl time under court-ordered desegregation busing plans. A phalanx of 20 helmeted policemen kepi a crowd of aboul 200 whiles back from pre- dominanlly while South Boston High as black pupils were bused to the school under court order. About 60 blacks arrived on buses and a piece of wood was thrown at one of the buses. Whites booed and jeered when six buses carrying the blacks arrived. At one point, part of ihe crowd had lo be pushed back by police. Otherwise, integration of city schools began peacefully as mosl while pupils involved in Ihe busing appeared lo be honoring Ihe boycoll. Al predominantly black South Boston-Roxbury High only two while sludenls showed up in buses and only Ihree other white pupils showed up for classes. John Siccone, a school aide, said 600 white pupils were to have been bused there this morning, i City officials urged calm as city schools opened officially, though thousands of parents vowed to keep iheir children home because of courl-ordered busing to achieve integration. Police Commissioner Robert J. diGrazia escorled black pupils off buses and into Soulh Boston High, where only a few while pupils reported. The mayor's office said there had been one arrest. No injuries or properly damage was reported, although stones were thrown at a bus as it passed a South Boston intersection. Eileen Dunner, 16, one of the white juniors who arrived at South Boston-Roxbury, said she came on her own because "I've only got Iwo years left (of school) and I want to finish." School officials said they expected high absenteeism from the protest. Some parenls have promised a iwo-week boycott lo force dropping of the busing plan. Police said Ihey had enough officers to handle any incidents. "We have plans for every possible silualion," said deputy police Supt. Paul Russell, adding lhat police would try lo slav oui of sight. Depuly Mayor Roberl Kiley warned, "Any person or group who atlempls lo inlerfere with ihe right of a child to go to school, particularly with his nghl lo enter school property, will be dealt with forcefully." A total of 18,200 sludenls al all grades were scheduled lo be bused in Ihe firsl forced in- lugraiion of Ihe nalion's oldesl public school syslem, which is one-third black and Iwo-lhirds while. City officials esiimale Ihe cos i of ihe integration program in ihe 94,000-studenl school system at $8.8 million. The federal court order for busing was issued last June and the protest against it has been building recently, intensified by some candidates in Tuesday's primary elections. WASHINGTON (AP) Wholesale prices leaped 3.9 per cent in August, the second biggest monthly increase in 28 years, the government reported today. Exploding prices last month ranged across almost the entire economy. There were substantial increases for everything from farm products to industrial goods. Wholesale prices have risen at an adjusted annual rate of 37.3 per cent over the past three months. The August rise of 3.9 per cent works out to a ^staggering annual rate of 46.8 per cent. The August increase in prices — following a rise of 3.7 per cent in July — was the second biggest in. any month since November 1946, when prices jumped 4.2 per cent. The only bigger increase was last August's jump of 6.2 per cent following the lifting of the govern- men^'s freeze on prices. The government's Wholesale Price Index in August rose to 167.4 — 17.8 per cent higher than a year ago. The index is based on 1967 figures, meaning that it cost $167.40 to buy at wholesale a statistical variety of goods that cost $100 in the 1967-base period. All figures are adjusted to account for seasonal differences. Consumers seemingly can expect little relief in the coming months from the worst inflation in years since wholesale prices usually are quickly reflected at the retail level. Detailing its price report, the Labor Departmenl said agricultural products were up 7.6 per cent in August, following a rise of 6.4 per cent in July and a decline in each of the four preceding months. Industrial commodities continued to rise rapidly in price and were up 2.5 per cent in August, a rate only slightly less than the average monthly increase of 2.7 per cent that has prevailed throughout most of the year. Archie may be 'written out' LOS ANGELES (AP) - Can it be the same withoul Archie Bunker in "All in Ihe Family"? Norman Lear, execulive producer, said Wednesday lhal if Carroll O'Connor does not report for work on Thursday he will be written out of the popular CBS comedy series. O'Connor refuses lo cross a pickel line of striking elec- Iricians at CBS. Taping of the show has been suspended since Aug. 21. Lear said an allernate script withoul Archie is in rehearsal and will be taped Friday night if O'Connor does nol appear. O'Connor's current absence is unrelated to an earlier walkout over a contract dispute. During that time O'Connor missed two shows and returned July 30 in lime lo deliver one line at the end of the third show. The shows concerned his disappearance. Consumer finished goods, those products in the wholesale chain nearest retail outlets rose two per cent. Grains, 1 livestock, oil seed and processed food and feeds accounted for much of Ihe rise in agricullural prices last month. Processed foods and feeds were up 8.2 per cent while raw farm products rose 6.7 per cent to push over-all agricultural prices up 7.6 per cent at wholesale last month. Shoppers can expect more price hikes ahead at super- markets with the 3.2 per cent increase in consumer foods last month. Consumer foods—those prepared for sale on grocery shelves—rose in price chiefly as a result of increases for meats, edible fats and oils, sugar products, processed poultry and eggs. Some examples: meats, poultry and fish were up 1.5 oer cent; processed fruits and vegetables were up 3.2 per cent; sugar products 9.6 per cent; animal fats and oils 23 per cent, and manufactured animal feeds 39 per cent. Soaring prices for machinery and equipment, trucks, commercial furniture and railroad equipment accounted for the rise in producer finished goods. Also up .Jharply last month were metal and chemical prices. Soft coal prices jumped another 4 per cent last month and were 66.8 per cent higher than a year ago while refined petroleum products increased 1.9 per cent in August to a level i7.2 per cent above a year ago. Nearly 100 caught in drug 'bust' WASHINGTON (AP) - The largest single drug bust ever conducted by federal narcotics agents was accompanied by an elaborate publicity effort that risked tipping off scores of persons targeted for arrest. But Drug Enforcement Administration officials said that despite one leak, apparently nobody escaped. And they said the operation was so successful they probably will try the Madison Avenue approach again. As of late Wednesday, the agency said it had taken nearly 100 persons into custody in this country, with Mexican authorities arresting 25 more in coordinated raids. Officials said they had crippled the multi-million-dollar market in illicit "pep pills." In response to questions later, however, the drug agency said that at least 16 of those had actually been indicted and arrested in late July and over the Labor Day weekend. Agents moved earlier against those individuals because of concern that they had been tipped off, an agency spokesman explained. Also, the 10 million pills the agency plans to produce in court as evidence were seized prior to the overnight operation, during which only an unexpected 100,000 tablets were found in the course of a Los Angeles arrest. The antiamphetamine blitz, which federal officials said had been in the planning stages since last February, began officially at 12:01 a.m. EOT Wednesday with simultaneous raids and arrests in al least 10 U.S. cities and Mexico. More than 24 hours earlier, newsmen representing key newspapers, the new? services and one weekly magazine were called to Drug Enforcement Administralion headquarlers here for a confidenlial IVfe-hour briefing in which the strike plans were laid out in their entirely. The advance briefing, rare for any agency and apparently unprecedented for one involved in clandestine law enforcement operations, included a slide show and news releases filled with statistics and technical dala on the drugs and the illegal market. Robert Feldkamp, an agency spokesman, conceded there was a risk in giving the information to reporters ahead of time because if the word got out, some of the quarry might slip the net. As a safeguard, radio and television reporters were ex- Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. eluded from the briefing and an embargo was imposed to keep the story off national news wires until the raids began. Feldkamp said the agency wasn't concerned about newspapers on the East Coast using the story before midnight but wanted the information withheld elsewhere, particularly in Western states where the raids were to be concentrated. However, the embargo was broken by one news service about two hours early and others followed suit, as is customary in such cases. Feldkamp said this apparently came too late to alert any of the indicted persons and enable them to evade arrest. Boost for Bobkittens The Robert A, Arnold Construction Co. ad which ran in Wednesday's paper wishing the 7th and 8th graders a winning season was in error.. .the ad should have been to the "BOB- KITTENS", who play tonight. Time would not permit a full size correction to the Bobkittens today. Boost the BOBKITTENS tonight. . .As the Robert A. Arnold Construction Co. is doing. . . Firemen begin slowdown By The Associated Press Little Rock firemen began a work slowdown this morning to push Iheir demands for more pay. i The firemen voted Wednesday night to toughen their action, but refused to say then what course Ihey would take. The slowdown came to light in Ihe regular morning testing of the Fire Deparlraent radio systems. The normal procedure is for ihe radioes lo be tested unit by will wilh each uml receiving a call and then responding wilh an answer. The answers this morning were: "On a work slowdown." The firemen previously had said ihe second phase of their effori would be a work slowdown in which they would re- spond to fire alarms but would not perform other duties such as maintaining stations and equipment. About 110 off-duty firemen met for about two hours before announcing the decision. Ixval 34 represents 252 of an eligible 270 firemen. II has been maintaining an informational picket line around Cily Hall since Sept. 5. The firemen are seeking "panly" pay with policemen. Thai would mean pay raises of about 10 per cent, they say. F.arlier Wednesday at Texarkana, Cily Manager Ron Copela/id said the city would "talk lo our- employes as city employ - esn but not as members of a union." Stanlon M Gladden, a representative of ihe International Associalionof Firefighters, said the firemen's union meeting wilh Copeland broke down on ihe firsl issue — city recogni- lion of the union. "We met to discuss three demands, iwo of which weren't economic," Gladden said, "bul we never got pasl the first." Copeland said he would not negoliale wilh Gladden or J. C. Smith, president of the local union, "al this or any other luue " Copeland says slate law does nol allow a city to enler into a contract with employes' union. Gladden says, however, thai no slate law prohibits cities from conlracling with unions and notes Fort Smith has made such contracts.
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