P»je 4 - NAUGATUCK NEWS (C«m.) Moe4.y, JUK », 1«7( CHISELER FROM MOSCOW Publivhed'Every Evening lExcepl Sundays and Holidays! by tyt Sfauguluck 5fn»B SEWS Building- US WaKrSlrol. Vaugalufk.l'onn. IKmii Telephone 729-2228. 729-2229 and 7292220 - All Department 2nd Cl«» PmUgf ti\4 »l Ihr t'otl Ollio in Naugaluf h Connecticut m»;ii Daily by Mailirvlsl and 2nd Postal /ones One Year Six Months 46.80 23.40 Three Months One Month 12.00 4.00 Member: l/niled Press-lnlernaliwisl: American Newspaper Publishers'Assn.; N.E. Daily Newspaper Assn.; Conn. Daily Newspapers Assn. Mrmbrr ol Audit Bureau of Circulations. Verdict On The Welfare State was nothing wrong with New York City that couldn't be cured simply by doubling Its budget. Well, New York — and Washington— took his advice, but the results were considerably different from those that Prof. Galbraith had so confidently predicted. During the administration of Mayor John Lindsay, New York did indeed double its budget, but by every measurable standard the quality of its services and its general quality of life appreciably declined. Washington went even further. Between 1964 and 1972, federal spending for domestic purposes tripled-from $45 billion to $131 billion—but with no more success in improving conditions nationwide than New York had experienced locally. In fact, viewing this increased expenditure in light of Dr. Freeman's devastating assessment of its results, it is difficult to cite a single example of a federal spending program that has not proved to be an abject failure. Urban renewal? Washington devoted $7 billion to rehabilitate the slums—and yet for every new housing unit that was built, 3.5 were destroyed by the federal bulldozer. Aid to education? $59 billion worth of federal aid has produced a generation of students who have not mastered basic reading and mathematical skills—as steadily declining SAT scores attest. Health care? In 20 years, federal health expenditures were multiplied 15 times—and yet the death rate has remained constant and complaints about inadequate health care services have never been more vocal. Welfare? Generally conceded to be the most expensive failure of all. Educator Daniel Bell once identified what he termed "the two simplistic notions of the American temper: that all problems are soluble, and that the way to solve a problem is to pour men and money into it." While the first of these notions has long been a recognizable feature of America's fundamental optimism, the second is of a more recent origin and did not really come into its own until the rise of the free-spending government programs of recent decades. The assumption that money and bureaucrats can solve anything has had gr.ave and far-reaching consequences for both the economic and political health of our nation. These consequences have been superbly analyzed by Dr. Roger Freeman in a pithy and copiously documented study. Dr. Freeman is an .economist and a former Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. His central thesis is blunt: The great American welfare state is a flop—a colossal, wasteful, and counterproductive flop whose chief fruits are bigger government, higher taxes and the distortioni of, ..national priorities. >i' T 'According to Dr. Freeman, the- principle'"architect of today's welfare state was avowed socialist John Kenneth Galbraith who, in 1958, laid the groundwork for what was to follow with the publication of his book The Affluent Society. Essentially, Galbraith provided a rationale for the creation of massive government spending programs. Such programs, he claimed, would serve to remedy social ills and, in the process, effect a "more equitable" distribution of the national income. Typical of his attitude was the assertion he made some years ago that there Republican Disintegration? By Kevin Phillips Although the Republican Party is smaller than ever before, an unprecedented percentage ol GOP voters are apparently planning to bolt the ticket in November. Data from four recent national polls confirms that Republican leaders hare ample reason for their worries about party disintegration. Until now, one of the slrengths of the GOP has been high cohesion among its voters. In 1952, Gallup polls show that only 8 per cent of Republicans broke ranks to vote for Demo- era I Adlai Stevenson; in 1956 the GOP dissident figure fell to just 4 per cent for Stevenson. Then in I960,95 per cent of GOP voters favored Richard Nixon, while just 5 per cent picked John Kennedy. The only previous great Republican fratricide occurred in 1964, when 20 per cent of the Revublicans surveyed by Gallup cast their ballots for Lyndon Johnson rather than GOP nominee Barry Goldwater. But In 1968, just 9 per cent of U.S. Republicans bolted to vole for Hubert Humphrey, and four years later, George McGovern drew only a handful of GOP supporters. A CrsmMlng of Loyalty Now, in 19$, the same polls lhat indicate a landslide lor Democrat Jimmy Carter snow an unprecedented crumbling of loyalty to the once-cohesive Grand Old Parly. According to Gallup surveys taken June 11 to 14, 28 per cent of Republican voters bick Carter in • trial hctt tgtunt Ronald Retgin and » per cent pick the Georgian agiimt Proidecjt Ford. The moat recent Lou» Harrit poll, done in April, found 27 per centfof GOP voters preferring Carter over Reagan, while 18 per cat chow Ctrter onr Ford. Since th> l time the Prwdent'i bold on hi» fellow Republic*™ hu nmblly wakened. PoUiq; during B» June 6 primtrtes in Cilifbnii »nd Ohio, CBS-New York TOM* bferriewn fond tbtt ow-Urd of Ford nUn tad one-third of Ropa voton worifct lupport tte OOP ttetat in Number unku their nun wu the nominee. Mid-June NBC News surveys cameupwithmuchthesameeonclusion.A whopping 45 per cent of Republicans supporting Gerald Ford indicated that they would cross over to support Jimmy Carter if Ronald Reagan won the GOP nomination in Kansas City. Virtually the same number of pro-Reagan Republicans said they would back Carter rather than vote foe Gerald Ford as the party nominee. Unhappily for GOP leaders, this mutual antipathy is not new. II rests less on hot 1976 primary tempers, and much more on basic cultural and ideological divisions lhat the GOP may no longer be able lo contain. The anti-Reagan vote among liberal and moderate Republicans has dear roots in the Goldwater Era. Likewise, the "anti-Establishment" or "Conservative Counter-Revolution" voter has been showing his anti-Ford colors for some time. Tk-kttSapporttn Doubt Back in Spring, 1975, California pollster Mervin Field found that in his state, George Wallace drew 25 per cent of the Republican voters in a trial heat against Gerald Ford (and, surprisingly, 21 per cent in a trial heat against Ronald Reagan). Moreover, as early as the March 1 Massachusetts primary, NBC News was reporting that some 40 per cent of Reagan primary voters were not «ure they would support the Republican ticket in the fall. Twelve years ago, when Barry Coldwater split the GOP and ultimately held the Election Day allegiance of only 80 per cent of party voters, some 24 to 28 per call of the electorate considered themselves Republican. Today, with "New Majority" hopes shattered by Watergate, and only It to 21 per cent of the voters still counting themselves in the GOP ctmp, the Republican Party is in even greater danger. Significantly, Galhip's June 11 to 14 polling found only 69 per cent of Republican! saying they're definitely for Ford against Carter and only 66 per cent saving they're definitely for Reagan against Carter. When 90 small (and *rinkiqg) i p»rty can command only such haK-bearted allegiance, it may indeed be on the wrge of disintegration. Lesson From South Africa By William F. Buckley, Jr. The figures are not all In on South Africa, and itmay be that, like the figures involving-the rioting Mexican students of 1968, they won't ever be complete. But the last count showed that all of two while people were killed, and that therefore the rest of the casualties (133 — again, at last count) were black. U is not yet clear how many of these were black policemen; E^ not dear how many of Item were people killed j| by black and while policemen; and not clear how many were blacks killed by rioting blacks. That there were many of these is neither a) doubted; nor b) commented upon. Even though many newspapers featured, on page one, a picture of an automobile overturned by the rioters, not-so-neatly decapitating Ihe (black) driver, who was not a policeman. In short, although the disruption was ignl ted by resistance to a white order (that the local schools teach Afrikaans lo the black natives), the principal victims were blacks. Not only btacks killed and wounded, but black enterprises burned, black hospitals and libraries destroyed. It isn't expected lhat much that is sensible should come out of the United Nations, and on this occasion the Security Council didn't let us down. The Council passed, unanimously, a vote deploring the use of force in South Africa, This was done with the unual animadversions on apartheid, which are entirely deserved in any moral frame, but with an undistributed middle between a) deploring apartheid, and b) deploring the use of force to stop rioters from killing non-rioters. One wonders what the South African police were supposed to do under the circumstances? Commit hara kiri? Seal off Sowetho and permit its inhabitants to treat each other like Cambodians? What did we—finally - do in Watts? In order to restore the law, one uses force. President Eisenhower was willing to send paratroopers to enforce the law in Little Rock, Arkansas; and an entire armored division was ordered to stand by at the time of a major demonstration in Washington against the Vietnam War. To denounce South Africa for using force to stop the rioting is to do the kind of thing the United Nations is very best at: bringing discredited itself by its hypocrisy and surrealism. II made no difference whatever to the Security Council that the charter of the United Nations specifically forbids intervention—which in the United Nations means, actually, official commentary — in the internal affairs of sovereign states. It is a curious and unintended commentary on white South Africa that its sins are thought worth denouncing, while those of black Africans are not. The easiest deduction is that when Amin kills a few thousand of his fellow citizens, or when one tribe sets out to eliminate another tribe, it isn't worth the attention of the Security Council, but that when the South African Government acts to enforce its own (dismaying) laws, it is time for international indignation. A week before the South African Resolution, Mr. Leo Anderson, a Chicago resident, was returning home with his wife and children and was stopped at the entrance to a tunnel in a black section of the aty'aiid 'ordered by a gang of young ruf- • fians to pay ten dollars for the privilege of going through. The driver declined, and started forward. Whereupon a young black materialized with a pistol, shot the driver twice, wounding him, and his wife once, killing her. Driver after driver went by, noticed the bloody chaos, but did nothing, and it was 30 minutes before help arrived. The widower, interviewed in the hospital, told a reporter that he harbors no racial resentment whatever against the killer. "It was a set of rotten people who were there at the time. They happened to be black. There are rotten whites too." Just so. But it will be a long time before the Security Council finds any rotten blacks, and it has not even, on this occasion, found any rotten whites. It is no safer lo deduce the brutality of those who enforce the law in South Africa from their use of force than it is to deduce the injustice of American society from the fact of riots at Watts: no safer than to assume lhat blacks a re evil because of a particular act of ugliness in Chicago. As is almost always the case, an individual spoke more wisdom, and showed more compassion, than an officially constituted tribunal. Mr. Leo Anderson should conduct seminars for the benefit of the ambassadors to the United Nations. CONGRATULATIONS TO Tommy Rich who bil the home run Uut put the Giants Into the championship. Good hick Glsntn. CONGRATULATIONS TO Police U. and Mrs. Donald Dooling who are celebrating their 35th wedding anniversary today... They are the parents of four children, Diane, Don, Mrs. Marilee Murdack, and David.,. The couple are also the proud grandparents of Carol Jean Murdack... We are happy to add our congratulations and best wishes to this popular couple.... OPEN HOUSE for Mi. and Mrs. Howard Chandler o( 5! IMcUfci St. will be keM on Saturday, July 3 at tke' E«g)es' HtU M High St. from2to5p.m. and8p.m.to2a.m. Tte party l»ta km* of lieir Mth wedding anniversary and Is being given by their children. An U- vluUon Is eileoded to all their friends lo come and help them wkbrate (be happy occasion. LOTS OF LUCK and happiness is the wish extended to the Vitkauskas family in their new home in Pennsylvania from their children and grandchildren.... BILL AND LIL Rnmbbtt have the right to give us »laibe§ for our error on the number of years they have beta married... They celebrated their Hlh anniversary not ZSth... We repeat Ihe Rosen- blatts celebrated their 35th anniversary... Maybe If we write it IN times we win get U straight... Sorry Bill and ML. we really knew better bul our typewriters make all the errors... never us.... BIRTHDAY WISHES TO Richard Bird of 71 Aetna St. who is celebrating his sixth birthday tomorrow. Blow out all those candles Richard and we hope your wish comes true. Congress And Sex By Ralph de Toledano WASHINGTON-The Washington press corps is having itself a prurient old time contemplating the sex lives of Rep. Wayne Hays and assorted other House members. And the Republicans, so far untouched by the sex scandals, are joining in the glee. Hanky-panky with ladies of the evening seems lo be a Democratic exclusive. Hays is accused of putting his sweetie pie on the congressional payroll, her only duly being lo satisfy his libido. A congressman in Salt Lake City was charged with proposilioning two policewomen posing as streets alias. Another congressman has been accused of exacting sexual favors fromafemale staffer, on pain of dismissal. It smells pretty bad — more so because these disclosures merely scratch the suf- face. But I am far more disturbed by the knowledge that these seamy activities were no secret lo the press corps or lo the honorable members of the Congress. Yet his Democratic colleagues allowed Wayne Hays to become one of the real powers in the House of Representatives. Why? Because he was lavishing on them more and more f reebies, paid for with the taxpayer's dollar. Hays got the House to give his Administrative Committee the authority to increase office allowances and personal benefits for members without a ratifying vote. So he increased by 116 per cent the number of free trips a member can make to his district, by 85 per cent a member's "stationery allowance," by 300 per cent optional travel allowances. Etc. He more than tripled the sire of the committee staff, making it a patronage plum for himself and its members. He picked up a political stray In his home district who collects some $28,000 from Congress for campaigning for Hays. He took 21 trips to London in Iwo years, traveling with a buddy he had planted in the State Department. (Hays likes London.) He's been caught with his sweetie pie and, as most of Washington agrees, it couldn't have happened to a nicer guy. In his just-published book on Congress, "The Futile System- (EMP Publications, McLean, Va.t, House Republican Leader John J. Rhodes of Arizona recalls that during the debate on a controversial pay raise for the members, Hays threatened explicitly lhat if the Republicans would not support it, he would cut off allowances for their staffs. "I think," Rep. Millicent Fenwick, R- N.J., answered him quietly, "that we have heard something here today for which we are all going to be sorry and ashamed." But it was no skin off Hays' nose. In the following day's Congressional Record, not a word of his threat appeared. He simply had the offending words deleted. This is what the House Ethics Committee should be looking into, not whether Ha^' mistress can type. But, of course, it won't. The Democratis have held power in Ihe House for too many years, and that power had brought corruption. The Ethics Committee knows that it it digs loo hard, it will be forced to dredge up the muconduct, sexual and financial, of many of the majority. The most the committee will do, if that, is slap Hays on the wrist and admonish him with a "naughty-naughty." CARMEN CORRACCHIA o! 567 Field St. will have reached the magic age of sweet sixteen tomorrow. We hope you have a very happy day Carmen. T.J. PISCITELLI, son of Tony and Nancy Plscitelli celebrates his seventh birthday today. T.J. had a family party Sunday and will have another today with some of his Iriends at McDonald 1 !. Brother Pa ill a nd sister, A tine Rache I, wish T. J. a most happy day. The Lighter Side By Dick West WASHINGTON (UPI) Good news for a change. The National Center for Health Statistics has found that people have stopped getting taller. Young people reaching maturity today aren't any taller than.. _ youths were""20" years'Jtv'"JL,"i ago. The health PI C5»l and nutrition improvements that added to the height of Americans for nearly a century have, at least for the time being, reached the limits of Iheir potential to stimulate up- growth, Hallelujah! The excessive tallness lhat is everything about us these days already is causing enough problems. The prospect of having it become even worse would have been almost too depressing to contemplate. A reasonable amount of lallness we can live with. But once people started passing the six-fool mark, they began to exceed the limits of sensible stature. The century-long gain in elongation is directly responsible for the decline of many of the cultural facets of American life. Parades, for example. Crowds don't turn out for parades the way they use to, And for good reason. It is no longer possible to sec over the first row. If you go to a parade and don't get there in time to stand in the front rank, forget it, Charlie. Modern technology has attempted lo compensate for this unforlunate development by bringing out inexpensive cardboard periscopes lhat can be used to see over the people in front of you. But these devices are highly unsatisfactory at best. If you can't see a parade without impersonating a U-boat commander, you might as well stay home. Inordinate tallness also has caused severe economic disruptions/ Look-what has happened to the footstool industry. Originally developed to give people something to rest their feet on, footstools became an indispensible household appliance by providing something convenient for people to stand on in order to reach something. Now, of course, every household has at least one member who is tall enough to reach everything in the house. So you no longer go get the footstool when you need to reach something. You simply say, "Hey, Fred, come in here and reach this thing for me, willya?" Fred has darned near ruined the footstool business. Even worse is the deleterious effect of redundant tallness on the health of urbanites of moderate, which is to say rational, height. The sun never shines on them. They are forever trapped in the shadows of lowering pedestrians. Eternal pallor is their lot. Eventually, the constant shade causes them to sproul fungi, algae and lichens. H is difficult to exaggerate what the environmental impact would have been had the upward trend continued for another century. For one thing, heads poking too far into the air would have contributed to the breakdown of the ozone layer that shields the earth from lethal radiation. Thank heaven we got it stopped in time. Window On Africa By UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL South African Arms Buildup PRETORIA, South Africa (UPI) .— South Africa has allocated a record S1.7 billion defense budget this year to cover a steady buildup of locally produced warplanes, gunboats, armored cars and artillery. The budget, increased by one third over last year's, will also cover the purchase of two submarines from France — a deal given scant publicity here. The number of Mirage and Impala strike jet squadrons are being doubled ~ from two squadrons each to four. Six gunboats with surface-to-surface guided missiles are under construction. Armored cars and artillery weapons also are being increased. South Africa's military planners lay heavy emphasis on counter insurgency operations and both training and weapons reflect lhat. The buildup emphasizes Pretoria's contingency planning in the event southern Africa's explosive racial situation turns into a hot war. Rhodesia's Unyielding Right- wing SALISBURY, Rhodesia (UPI) — Premier fan Smith faces a lough ride with his own right- wing in his attempts to liberalize Rhodesia's racial segregation laws. A commission has recommended scrapping many "unnecessary and undesirable" laws am) Smith has said the next session of parliament will adopt a number of them without saying which ones. The most far-reaching proposal is to open up "white" fanning areas for African purchase. About half the country is reserved exclusively for whites. But Smith's plans to move closer toward a multi-racial society are likely to be thwarted by dMiard settler elements in the ruling Rhodesia Front party.
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