Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 10, 1974 · Page 8
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 8

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Hope, Arkansas
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Tuesday, September 10, 1974
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Page 8
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Page Eight HOPE (ARK.) StAft Tuesday, September 10, 1974 United Fund officers elected NEW OFFICERS for this area's United Fund Drive were elected at a meeting last week. They are (left to right, front row) Mrs. James Pruden Jr., president; Mrs. Kenneth Paddie, secretary; (back row) Bob Willis, —Hope (Ark.) Star photo by Roger Head second vice-president; and Keith Shultz, third vice-president. Not shown are Mrs. Tom E. Hays Jr., first vice-president; and Buddy Jordan, treasurer. High Court case implies Nixon could still be tried, convicted By DON McLEOD Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) — The leading Supreme Court case on presidential pardons suggests that Richard M. Nixon, although pardoned by President Ford, could still be tried and even convicted in the Water- gale case but could never be punished. Both the Constitution and the court decisions on the subject acknowledge a President's broad powers of pardon in all cases except impeachment but treat Ihe punishment and not Ihe trial and conviction. An 1867 Supreme Court decision, written by Justice Stephen J. Field, is the guiding law on the scope and effect of a presidential pardon and recognizes a President's right to grant one either before or after conviction. The case was titled Ex Parte Garland, in discussing a pardon before conviction and the situation which would arise after conviction, Field clearly raised the possibility of trying someone who could not be punished. Field wrote, "If granted before conviction, it prevents any of the penalties and disabilities consequent upon conviction from attaching (thereto)." The decision spoke only of the penalties and not the trial, and nothing in this or other court rulings appears to bar the judicial process leading up to the point of punishment. There are no known cases, however, of a person having been pardoned and then tried anyway. Prosecution traditionally has been dismissed at that point as moot. Also, the principle that a pardon spares only the punishment and not the side effects of the judicial process is found in a 1914 Supreme Court decision upholding the conviction of a New York man as a second offender. Although a presidential pardon had prevented any punishment for the first offense, the court said the conviction and its legal implications were not wiped out by the pardon. A penalty-free trial would appear to be one of the last avenues for publicly resolving the question of whether Nixon had committed any illegal actions. Impeachment also remains a legitimate route to that end even now, but past Congresses had been averse to using it once the official involved has left office. And House Judiciary Committee Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr., D-N.J., has said he will not reopen the Nixon impeachment case. Attorney says Nixon planning to resign bar membership soon SACRAMENTO. Calif. (AP) — Richard M. Nixon's lawyer says the former president is ready to write an end to 35 years as an attorney. Nixon's lawyer, Dean Butler of Los Angeles, told newsmen on Monday that Nixon would resign soon from the California bar, which is gathering evidence on Nixon's role in Watergate for possible disciplinary aclion. Nixon is also a member of the New York bar, and Butler said Nixon also plans to resign from that organization. Nixon's decision probably means the California bar will not pursue its investigation of the former president. Bar President Seth Hufstedler said the bar seldom recommends that the state Supreme Court reject a resignation. Butler's announcement came two hours before the California bar's House of Delegates overwhelmingly condemned President Ford's pardon of Nixon for crimes he may have committed in the While House. Butler denied thai Nixon's pending action is designed to avoid disbarment or suspension from the practice of law in California. "It is a decision he made some time ago — that he would not engage in the practice of law," Butler told newsmen. Butler did not say when the resignations would be submitted, but Hufstedler said Nixon was preparing a resignation from the California bar and "it would be submitted promptly." Delegates to the California bar's annual convention approved, 347 to 169, a resolution condemning the pardon announced by Ford on Sunday. It said in part, "This action violales the principle that all persons stand equal before the law and presents a substantial threat that the confidence of our citizens in Ihe American system of juslice will be undermined," The bar's board of governors refused to allow delegates to vote on a portion of the resolution which urged that the investigation of Nixon continue. Nixon spent Monday at the Palm Springs estate of Walter H. Annenberg, U.S. ambassador to Britain. The former president's valet said Nixon was in good sprits and was working on his papers. Pardon of Nixon could prevent resolving of tax issue: Thornton By The Associated Press The pardoning of Richaid M. Nixon may prevent the resolution of the controversy over whether Nixon owes more federal income taxes, Rep. Ray Thornton, D-Ark., says. Sen. John L. McClellan, D- Ark., said Monday that President Ford's decision to grant the pardon was a mistake and that it was, premature even if warranted. "I am concerned about the consequences that will ensue — the impact and repercussions that it will have on law enforcement," McClellan said. "It raises grave questions of equal justice of the law " Gov. Dale Bumpers said Monday he was not sure that a constitutional amendment would not be in order to prohibit such pardons in the future. Thornton is a member of the House Judiciary Committee which recommended Nixon's impeachment Thornton anul the pardon leaves defendants in the Watergate conspiracy trial in a "very strained and difficult situation." Thornton said he was concerned about the effect of an unconditional pardon for all criminal offenses of the past 54 yeurs. "This pardon apparently applies not only to Watergate offenses, but also to former President Nixon's failure to pay income taxes and all other c>f- i.si's a.s well," Thornton said. ESDsuit is settled LITTLE ROCK (AP) The state Employment Security Division has agreed to an out-of- court settlement of a suit brought against it in 1972 by Johnnie A. Reed of Little Rock, a black man who alleged that the agency had tried to place him in menial jobs. In a lawsuit filed Feb. 17, 1972. in U.S. District Court, Reed charged that his file with the BSD was stampted "NW- N," meaning "nonwhite Negro," and that each time he asked for a job referral he was sent to a menial job. The BSD never referred him to a position "suitable to a person with his education and experience," the suit said. Reed testified in U.S. District Court Monday that he had a bachelor's degree .from Arkansas AM&N College a,, Pine Bluff and that he had taught school. His suit was sparked when the BSD did not send him to a job openng as an accountant, he said. He said he had known there was a job opening and had believed that he was qualified for it. Filed along with Reed's suit were two letters to him from officials of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. One, signed by A. Keith McCall, EEOC area director, said, in part, "I find that the charging party (Reed) has not been offered work suitable either to his educational background or previous experience." The second letter from the EEOC said settlement efforts with the BSD had failed and advised Reed of his right to file suit. The hearing Monday revealed that the BSD and the EEOC eventually worked out an agreement in 1972 but could not contact Reed to get his consent to settle. Reed said he was satisfied with the agreement Monday. Barbara Marciano FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla. (AP) — Barbara Marciano, 46, widow of former heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano, died on Sunday following an extended illness. Her husband, who retired undefeated after six years as champion, was killed in an Iowa plane crash in 1969. Walter Jones SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — Walter P. Jones, 80, who dropped out of high school to work as a reporter and spent his last 38 years as editor of McClatchy Newspapers, died on Sunday. While he was managing editor, the Sacramento Bee VMJ/I a Pulitzer Prize for a at-ries of articles on corruptior in Ni'VaiLi Hurricane damage may push sugar prices WASHINGTON (AP) - Sugar cane losses Inflicted by Huf> ricane Carmen may further increase record-high consumer sugar prices, government experts say. The Department of Agriculture has launched a special survey of crop damage in Louisiana, which bore the brunt of the storm. Initial loss estimates ranged up to 75 per cent of the crop. Don Paarlberg, the department's director of economics, said the storm losses could produce a substantial further impact on sugar prices, depending on the extent of the damage. Sugar prices already have soared this year because pro- Allen will take director's job LITTLE ROCK (AP) - Donald V. Allen said Monday he would take the newly created job of executive director of the stale Public Building Authority next Monday. Allen now is head of the state Commerce Department. The PBA was created by the 1973 General Assembly to oversee the construction of state buildings and now has begun a $75 million expansion program on the state Capitol grounds. duction has not kept pace with world demand. A five-pound bag of sugar that cost American shoppers 85 cents last January costs around $2 today. Although the Louisiana and Florida cane-growing area had been expected to produce less than 1.8 million tons of the 12.5 million tons of raw sugar needed by U.S. refineries this year, an expected decline in sugar production from beet sources magnifies the importance of the cane-growing region hit by the hurricane. Last month the department estimated sugar cane production for the year would increase four per cent while, at the same time, beet production was expected to drop eight per cent. Thus, the Louisiana losses would reduce the expected rise in cane production, causing prices to rise further and providing the opponents of sugar import quotas with further ar* guments to suspend the restrictions. The possibility of quota suspension was raised several weeks ago by Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz, and the Louisiana storm may speed a decision on whether to open the U.S. door to more foreign sugar. School menu Wednesday Golden Crisped Franks Pinto Beans Creamy Cole Slaw Cinnamon Roll Milk Thursday Chicken Spaghetti Green Beans Tossed Salad Hot Roll Snicker Doodle Cookie Milk Friday Beef Pattie on Bun French Fries w-catsup Lettuce, Tomato, Pickle % Apple Milk KXAR KOLUMN IT'S KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN'S FIRST ANNIVERSARY IN HOPE SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14th COME IN AND "TALK TO THE COLONEL" YOU MAYBE A DINNER WINNER. NOTHING TO BUY JUST GO THROUGHTHELEVE LIVE BROADCAST: 11:OOA.M. TO1:30PM 5:00 P.M. TO 6:00 P.M. ANOTHER FUN FEATURE ON KXAR Deposit Your Money In Our Bank and Watch It Grow/ Green grows great in our backyard— A little can go a long, long way if you plant it where the rates are the highest permitted by the law! That's our policy to give you the most for the use of your money. Come in and talk it over with one of our savings experts. We have plans to suit each depositor's need and situation. You '// find a way to save— REGULARL Y, PRODUCTJVEL Y. irst National Bank MEMBER F.D.I.C. OF HQPi

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