Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 9, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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/ Served by the No. 1 News I -\ Offlanization — The ' 'Associated Press Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight; scattered thundershowers in north east portion this afternoon. POLUME 44— NUMBER150 Star of llopo, 1899; Press, 1927. Comoli'JalorJ January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 1943 Means Associated Press )—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY xis Abandon Mahares Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN A Pamphlet on the Press Vigilance Is Price of Liberty A pamphlet by Elbcrl M. Antrim, assistant business manager of the Chicago Tribune, comes to my desk with the title i^Thc Press in Jeopardy.'' RAF Resumes Aerial Attacks Over Europe -Europe FDR's Inflation 'Order Taken As Answer to Lewis New York. Aprii 9 Lewis, president of ••(/!')—John I... the United Somebody connected with the •?Tribune is especially qualified to write on this subject now, because Chicago Tribune is a focal poinl in the New Deal's anti-trust suit against the Associated Press . The Tribune being a Republican newspaper, an isolationist before Pearl Harbor, and always unloved I by the Chicago, CooU county, and Illinois politicians the national administration apparently aimed to make an example of it. Marshall Field the 3rd, multimillionaire grandson of the great Chicago merchant and a financial backer of the New Deal, started Mine Workers, declared today that President Roosevelt's "hold the 'ine" .trcler against inflation left the problem el the mine industry unchanged and left "the mine workers still hungry and resentful in having their demands for bread made a political pawn." As negotiations were resumed iiere for a new contract in the Appalachian bituminous coal fields, which would cover 450,000 union members, Lewis issued a formal statement in which he said miners wages were "substandard." The presidents order would hold the wages to the "little steel" formula, and authorize no increases except where "clearly necessary to correct substandards of living." FDR Indicates Definite Ceiling Prices on Food —Washington Allies Push Ahead in Africa Washington. April !) — I/I') — Prsidcnt 'Roosevelt's new anti inflation stroke drastically limits the War Labor Board's field of authority of removing the No. 1 basis for wage increases in excess of. the "little steel" formula - "in Some informed persons re-garded Ihe president's action as a^ assumption of personal respombilly for answering John L Lewis' challenge of the administration's wartime economic program. The WLB, taken by surprise, may now grant increases on tsvo premises only: the 15 per cent little steel formula and sub-standards. The 12 regional war labor hoards an; now in the process of yJctcnnining, in terms of cents per hour, what constitutes a substandard w a g e for. their respective areas. The executive order was issued last night without prior consultation with the War Labor Board, Iwtih the possible exception of one or two of Ihe public members. By coincidence, the board had scheduled a meeting for last night and decided immediately on convening to seek a conference with Stabili- sation Director .lames F. Byrnes to preclude any mininlerpretalion of the oder. The WLB also telegraphed its regional boards to withhold, pending further instructions, all wage 0 Continued on Page Four) new morning paper called the Chicago Sun. It had no plant of its own. but was printed by the Chi cago Daily News, evening paper owned by Frank Knox, Secretary of the Navy in President Roosevelt's cabinet. Marshall Field came to the Associated Press and demanded that this generation-old co-operative admit his Chicago Sun to membership. The AP submitted the dc maud to its members— who overwhelmingly rejected it. H was not that any of us particularly admired the Chicago Tribune; but the Tribune was within its rights in this matter— and the whole background of the Chicago Sun, its political "party angel" publisher, and the obvious tie-up with the Chicago News and its cabinet-officer pub lishcr, gave publishers nation-wide the idea that what was proposed in Chicago was nothing less than a government-owned newspaper, and the government proposed to do it even if the Associated Press hud first to be destroyed. The pamphlet by the Chicagc Tribune's assistant business man a"cr, therefore, has special inter cst for us at this time. Mr. Antrim reviews the whole history of press clashes with the New Deal. He quotes first from the Associated Press answer to the government's anti-trust suit: "The repeated attempts of Washington during the past ten years to construe the laws and special regulations issued by executive departments of the government .which have the ef- iccl of laws, in a fashion that places the press on a common level with commercial or business enterprises for the purpose of control and regulation, is an assault upon the validity of the Bill of Rights and the other historic charters and precedents which have emancipated man from political servitude." , , ,. But Mr. Antrim goes back to the very first year of the New Deal to cite the case of the NRA. Government sought blanket authority to regulate newspapers. But the American Newspaper Publishers as- included the great manufact- centc'.-s of Essen and Duis- London, April !) —(71')—The IIA K resuming the Allied aerial often sivc against western Europe after a lapse of three nights, attacked targets in Hie industrial Ruha valley last night in a .'aid from which 21 bombers failed to return, the air ministry announced today. The attack, in which some of Britain's biggest bombers participated, was described officially as "heavy," but the weather over Germany was bad and it was difficult to observe full results a com- munique said. Specific targets in the Ruhr were not disclosed. Objectives in previous raids on this oft-bombed area have urin. burg. The Ruhr was last bombed the | night of April 3 when a great fleet of four engined British warplanes unloading a 000-ton cargo of explosives on Essen, home iif the giant Krupp armament works, which was raided twice in March. Twenlyonc bombers also were lost in that assault. The anti-aii craft defenses of the Ruhr are regarded here as the strongest in Nazi dominated Europe. According to the best information available in RAF quarters in London, more than 1.000 heavy guns are concentrated in that area,' including 300 at Essen, for every heavy gun there are reported to be lit least two light ones. More tha,, 500 searchlights also are located there. In addition to stabbing at the in enemy waters, the air minislray Ruhr last night the RAF laid mines in enemy waters, Iheairminislray said. The Berlin radio said merely that British bombers had attacked western Germany and reported "a considerable number" of the raiders had been shot down. Th night raid followed a scries of RAF fighter forays over Northern France yesterday, during which a wireless station near Ushant was reported shot up. Instruments of Death Are Trial Feature Washington. April, !) f/T)— President Roosevelt s;iid today Hint dol- liirs iind cents ceiling prices probably would be placed on all food commodities which affect living costs, while James F. Byrnes, eco-' nomie slabili/alion director, said the Office of Price Administration tiight be able to present specific ceiling price plans tomorrow, following Ihose now laid down fur meats. Byrnes was sitting in on a presidential press conference, which dealt largely with the chief exc- cutivenow in order designed to help combat inflation through more rigid restrictions on prices am wanes. , , The president said the whole problem resembles a fourleggcc stool. Food prices are one leu. wane another rationing a third, and lax ation and saving are the fourth, lie said. An effort is being made, he said to prevent up:, and downs and gel on a more even level, using a four legs to prevent the stool froi falling over. His executive order was a stc in that direction, he said, but Con gross still has to provide the fourt leg, ta-:es and savings. Asked whether SHi,000,000,000 still the administration's goal lew revenue, as mentioned in I' nidgel message to Congress, M Roosevelt said it is the admini Ira lion' hope. He was asked, also, how mate inlly he has increased the powc given Byrnes, and Mr. Rooscv turned that question over to Byre The stabilization director replied he kn-jw of no material increase except that he has reived great er authority to determine questions that will arise in the OPA and the War Labor Board as to border and hardship cases-:. Such cases, under the new order, he said, will be submitted to him for consideration, in stead of to the president personally. Byrnes said his power I" issue directives is no greater than the authority previously granted him. "Was the order to mandate to Mr. Byrnes'.'" a reported inquired. No, the president said, it was a statement of policy. Mr. Roosevelt said he got his idea of the comparison with a four legged stool from one of the group of farm leaders which consulted with him twice in the past . AND BRITISH 1100 MILES Enemy Pounded, Prisoner Toll Reaches 9,500 -Africa This telechart gives an idea of the Trans-Africa Allied^ drives compared with similar distances in the United States. Reds Repulse Nazi Thrust in the South Th 'jRed Armies declared today | they had killed 500 German in 24 hours and crushed every Nazi at tack on the I/.yumBalaklcya front below Kharkov, but generally, the long batllclino was quiet as both sides wallowed in deep mud. Heavy rains flooded the Caucasus fighting /one, where the Russians arc storming at the gales of Novorossik, key Black Sea naval base, and pushing the Germans hard against the Kerch strait farther up the coast. The German high command said Nazi artillery bombarded "strategically important objectives in Leningrad," on tne far nothcrn front, but said otherwise there was only fighting of local importance. Japs Make Big Claims in Pacific Battle New Evidence Enters Durant Murder Case Calico Rock, April 9 (/T) —The nvcstigalion of the bizarre slaying U.S. ships have Lexington in four borne the name major wars. U.S. Bombers Again Attack Jap Positions Washington. April !) —l/l'i— The navy reported today that army Flying Vorlresses and its own Avenger light bombers had attacked Japanese poition at Kahili in the Shortland Island area of the Northwestern Solomons but that due to .bad weather "observation of results was not reported." A oinmuniquc also scaled clown- yesterday's navy statement of dc- truction "inflicted on a force of 91! Japanese planes which attacked shipping off Guadalcanal. Instead of 37 plimes being destroyed, the navy said, later reports now show that only 3-1 planes were destroyed. There was no explanation as to why later reports had shown three -.fewer planes destroyed than were ©reported yesterday. The Navy also gave no inlorma- tion .is to the fate of. the ships against which the enemy attack was directed. Communique No. 338: $. "South Pacific fall dates east longitude) "LOn April B: "Flying Fortresses heavy bombers and Avenger light bombers attacked Japanese poitions at Ku- f hili in the Shortland island area. '•'Due to bad weather, observation of results was not reported. "2 In Navy Department com- munique No. 337 it was reported that a total of 37 Japanese planes were destroyed in an enemy attack «% ( in United Staets shipping in vicin- of Guadalcanal. Later reports sociation made a successful fight to include a clause which made it plain that in subscribing to the NRA code the newspapers did not waive any of their constitutional Biuir- anlces. H was at this lime that President Roosevelt ungraciously said: "The recitation of the freedom of the press clause in the code has no more place than would the recitation of the whole Constitution or the Ten Commandments." And yet, Mr. Antrim points out, the exact situation which the publishers had feared in their own industry (had the constitutional guarantee clause not been forced upon the president) appeared later in the case of the United States versus the Wcirton Steel company.' The government's brief contended: "The defendant . . . having obtained the benefits accruing to it under the act, by reason of such approval can not attack the constitutionality of the provisions of that code. It is a well settled rule in the federal courts that 'one who has himself voluntarily invoked a statute or who has received the benefits flowing from a statute is estopped to assert its uncon- titutionalily." To which Mr. Ant'.'im adds tin grim postscript: "The NHA newspaper controversy was the beginning of a chain of incidents which verily the anciant adage iliat 'eternal vigilance is the price cf liberty'-" ity HP Oil received revealing a New York, — I/P) One of the numerous shady characters whose occupation is sidling up to passersby and whispering "Wanna buy stolen silver Xo.xV" got a rude reception from one prospective customer who turned out to be Max Marein, author of the "Crime Doc ' " radio scries which preaches i,,i'ii of 'i4 Japanese planes, instead tor" ol 37 v.ere dstroycd." I the theme that crime doesn't pay. Kansas City, April 9 —(/Pi— Defense attorneys at the murder trial of Goo W. Welsh qui/zod Jackson County Coroner Dr. O.G. Leiteh today concerning a knife and hammer' ihc state contends were used in Ihe mutilation slaying of Miss Lelia Adele Welsh, sister of the defendant, two years ago. Rolling up his sleeves, John T. Barker, chief of defense counsel, drew across his arm the butcher knife and then aked Dr. Leiteh if il wore possible the knife, which left no mark on his arm, was used to make the deep slash in Miss. Welsh's throat. "It is possible" was Ihe reply. Is thai all you can say'. 1 ", asked Barker. I would say such a knife as that could make the wound," the coroner answered. •Then as far as this knife is concerned." Barker asked, "it is a rank guess on your part." "That's so." Leilch replied. Later, after Barker closed his cross-examination of the coroner. John V. Hill, first assistant county prosecutor, asked Leiteh: "Doctor, do you think you could cut General Barker's throat with that knife'.'" "Absolutely." Leiteh replied. That remark brought Barker to his feet, exclaiming "just a minute, just a minute." "Such a man would have to possess your skill to do if.'", the defense counsel questioned Leiteh. "Not necessarily." the coroner said, "but 1 will say that il was a very purposeful act with definitely dexterous handling of the knife.T Barker examined Leiteh on the veighl of the hammer and asked if he coroner thought he could frac- ure a person's skull with il. Yes. i think I could." was his msu'er. The wound in Miss Welsh's neck from the left ear to the right ear, the coroner said, adding it was his impression it. had started below the right car and crossed threat to the left side. Examination of a photograph of the wound would be necessary oei'orc he could give a definite opinion, Dr. Leiteh said. The photograph was produced but the coroner stiid il was not. full view of the wound and he couldn't judge from Ihe reproduction the direction taken by the knife. Engineer Visualizes Huge 'Flying Wing' Airplanes, Other Changes After War BY JOHN FERRIS New York, April 9 (/I')— Giant 'flying wing" airplanes, shuttling between world capital in hours, where days are needed now, were visuali/d today by Glnn I.). Angle, consulting engineer and editor of "Aerosphcrc," the International Aviation Yearbook. The chief problem in making this global air service a post-war reality, as angle sees it is the development of the necessary motive power for the big planes. Along with other aviation authorities. Angle foresees aicraft carrying 150 t'i 250 passengers, as well as mail, perihable freight, e- curites. letters oof credit and dn- cumvnts for which rush service is necessary. His projected lime-table from New York would put London ten hours away; Moscow, 15; Cairo. Hi. and Rio De Janeiro only 15; while San Francisco would be only 20 hours from Chungking and Sydney: 21 from Manila and 24 from Calcutat. The Army Air Transport and the Commercial Lines already have laid the groundwork for global flying on a large scale 1 . Airports have sprung up in jungles, forests, plains, in arctic regions and the ghropics. and the international air filled with talk of future control of lying. ' 'There is no reason why U. S. •ngineers can't eventually design a .000 horsepower acroplan engine ;'he power-plants on our big bombers today develop about 2,200 horse- )ower," Angle said. •However, I think that the 5.000 iors'?power engine will not come in one jump. 1 expect, we will raise the horsepower gradually so as to allow for the necessary research, and operating experience. •Frim the structural, economical and manufacturing standpoints, it. is ui.'Uer to have fewer, larger engines, than many smaller types. Acrodynamically, it. is more advantageous to install four large engines than six of considerably losver horse-power; and the aircraft manufactures are already thinking about where to get them. The problem is: What type should they be?" Angle, who received his engineering i-ducalion at the University of Michigan. has written several books and numerous technical articles. •We've already reached the probable limit on the two-row or double bank type of engine. The major problem is cooling when you develop over 100 horsepower a cylinder. "The answer apparently is in a multiple cylinder coin. liquid cooled, with perhaps 33 instead of Hi cylinders. These would be small posed so that cooling would be satisfactory." Angle isn't sure the war is helping aviation as much as people sometimes Hunk, so far as plane development goes. "The first automobiles, you'll remember, were built with the old bu?f.'y whipsockct. Eve,, the man- ufac'iurers thought of them as horseless buggies. The engine was put in the front after a few years j and has stayed there. The day j probably will come when the motor will be in back, but it's hard to break people into new ideas some times. The airplane, too, has developed with its engine in front and with the fusclag usd for passngcrs and frei"ht There seems to be no ra- son'why most of the fuselage can t be eliminated and something along the lines of a flying wing developed. "Wartime operations have helped the improvement of engines and navigation and the government ought to"be able to pay for future developments if Hie private companies are :i linle hesitant." By The Associated Press Imperial Tokyo headquarter:; as sorted today strong Japanese nava and air forces sank or damaged 1! warships and transports and sho down 37 planes Wednesday in ai itlack on an Allied fleet 25 mile north of Guadalcanal island in th Solomons. Only six Japanese planes whic crashdived into cncrncy objct lives" were lost, Ihc Tokyo com muniquc .said. The Japanese claim sharply coi flicled with a U.S. navy commun iquc yesterday, referring to Ih same action, which said America fighters shot, clown 37 of 98 Jap; nose planes when the enemy a lacked shipping near Guadalcana The 'iavy listed seven U.S. plane lost, and made no mention of damage to Allied shipping nor of Japanese warships in action. Tokyo's version declared a cruiser, a destroyer and 10 transports were sunk and three other transports damaged.!! On other Far Pacific fronts: Gen. Douglas MacAuthur's headquarters announced Allied fliers, striking at Japanese supply lines, blasted a flotilla of enemy barges in an hour-long attack off Dutch New Guinea and strafed other Japanese coastal vessels near the Aroe Islands. Fires were started on barges and an escort boat other barges were severely aged. Allied airmen also raided Japanese airdromes and liases at Imi- ka, Dutch New Guinea; SaumlaUi, Tanimbar Island; Kavieng, New Ireland: Unili. New Britain; and Finschhafcn, New Guinea. On the Burma front, British head quarters reported "no change" in the battle along the Bay of Bengal coast, where the Japanese arc attacking Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavcll's forces not far from ihc frontier. In the skies, American heavy bombers dropped 13 tons of high explosives on the Japanese headquarters al Toungoo, setting fires visible for 20 miles, and U.S. fighter pla.ies destroyed an enemy supply dump at Ningam in Central Bur:..d. RAF bombers also pounded the enemy, strafing Japanese positions along the Mayu peninsula and raiding other targets inland, including the airdrome at Shwebo. of Charles Durant, 46, with which lis widow and pretty 21 -year old By DANIEL DeLUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April 9 — (IP)— Axis forces arc abandoning Mahares, only 22 miles south of the vital harbor of Sfax, and the railroad town of Mez- zouna in a continuing withdrawal under Allied blows on a broad front between the Central Tunisian mountains and the sea, it was disclosed today. Armored vanguards oof the British Eighth Army pursued Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's beaten men, who were fleeing north from Mahares and northeast from Mez- zouna, 52 miles from Sfax, under Ihe hammering of the western desert air force. A communique announced the Eight Army had lake,-, 9,500 prisoners since the initial attack on Rommel's Wadi El Akarit positions Tuesday morning and military quarters said 1,300 more were captured by the U. S. Second, Army Corps in the mop up of the El Guelar sector. The achievements of the American Corps, headed by Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., in engaging the bulk of the Axis armor earlier this week on the Eighth Army's left flank were highly praised at a press conference by Gen. Sir Harold L. Alexander, Allied deputy commander in chief. (A transocean dispatch broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press said "the great superiority of the enemy in men and materiel is showing its effect." Elaborating upon a Nazi high command communique which said Axis troops had frustrated Allied encirclement attempts in, bit Ihree , and dam- stepdaughter arc charged, took a new turn today with the disclosure .hat efforts had been made to stop his World War pension payments. Sheriff J. A. Rodman announced that examination of Durant's files in the veterans administration of ficc at Little Rock showed: The administration received a hand printed letter Dec. 4 purportedly from Durant directing cessation-of compensation because he had found employment in Chicago. The administration replied such -mploymcnt did not affect the payments. Soon another letter, also hand printed, came, curtly ordering the payments slopped. Rodman also announced Ihe finding of the charred remains of what apparently were all of Durant's clothing.lcUcrs and personal affects less than 100 yards from where his body was found Sunday in a shallow grave in the back yard of his former home here. An autopsy showed that he. had suffered a severe head wound. Durant's widow, Mrs. Armanda Rose Durant, is in custody al Mt. Clemens, Mich., where she refused to waive extradition. His red haired stepdaughter, Mary, has not been located. Durant. had been missing since about Dec. 15. His wife and stepdaughter each are charged with first degree murder. tft-flg'ht&i jjf? hie-' Trumqn Child Killed When Hit by Train Marked Tree, April 9 (,'?>— Four year old Arvy Neil Dunn, son of Mr. and Mrs. William Dunn of near Trumann, was killed instantly when struck by a southbound Frisco passenger train on a bridge two mlcs north of Trumman yesterday afternoon. A member of the train crew said the child was sitting on the bridge with his legs dangling between th ties but he was sighted too late to stop the train. The original Indian name for Mount MeKinlcy was Dcnali, meaning "Home, of the Sun." Extradition Delayed Ml. Clemens. Mich. April 9 — (/Pi _.. Extradition p r o c e c d i n s against Mrs. Armanda Rose Durant, 44, housemaid with murder in her husband's death at her former Calico Rock, Ark., home, probably will req uirelhe appearance here of Arkansas authorities. Mrs. Durant, arrested at Romeo Monday, was brought before Circuit Judge Neil E. Reid yesterday on a writ of habeas corpus and chained through her attorney she had not been informed fully of the charge against her. She has disclaimed knowledge of the cause of her husband's death. The body ol the husband, who had been missing since last December, was under a then Suday in ember, was unearthed Sunday in the yard of the Calico Rock home. Mrs. Durant's daughter. May 21. also is charged with murder. The daughter has not been found. Today Circuit Judge Reid con tinued "until 11:30 a. m. Monday the extradition hearing. H was be licvcd by that time Arkansas authorities will have arrived to testify. Mcan.vhile, a warrant chargm Mrs. Durant with being a fugitive from justice was issued by Justice of the peace Frank E. Jcannolte and signed by Sgt. Edgar Wclsch of the Michigan Slate Police. Glider Crash Stuttgart April 9 — 1^1 — 1-t- Keith Dwyer, 22, Ponca City. OUla.. died at the Stuttgart Army air field base hospital today from injuries received in a glider crash here Tuesday. He is survived by his mother, Mrs. Fdith J. Dwyer, Ponca City. the detaching movement toward thi north to alt appearances is being continued." *> (A British radio broadcast re- y corded by CBS said American forces thrusting along the road from Maknassy to the coast (by T way of Mezzouna) "are now re-. j ported to be. little more than 20 0 miles from the General Sir Her- ; nard Montgomery's spearhead.") Military quarters announced Al- • lied observers saw Axis troops heading out of Mahares yesterday. ,' Both Mahares and Mezzouna are way stations on the GafsaSfax rail|way. Mahares lies 50 miles'north east of Gabes. While American and British aerial squadrons maintained assaults upon retiring Axis columns, it was announced 130 enemy vehicles had been destroyed and 200 damaged in the past two days. Pressed hard by the Eighth Army, Rommel was growing short of motor transports to extricate his rear guards. In the Medjez-ElBab sector 'ot Norlhcr n Tunisia the British maintained the offensive launched Wednesday on a 12 mile front. Longrange guns knocked out two enemy tanks there. Military quarters said one enemy lank concentration in that area was observed yesterday under violent attack by German dive-bombers which obviousjy had mistaken their target. It was not ascertained how many tanks were knocked out through the error of the Sluka pilots, but British troops were jubilant al the sight and trusted the results were effective. Windy and rainy weather hampered ground operations in the north, however. Fields and dirt roads were turned into the same adhesive mud the troops had endured all winter. More than 400 prisoners have seen taken in the MedjezEl-Bab 'ighting since Wednesday, a com minique said. Without naming the joints, it reported the British had ccupicd some tactically important ocalitics. In Uic central sector enemy transports moving north to Zag- houan, 15 miles east ot the Nazi base al Pont Du Fans, were attacked by RAF Spitfires and four vehicles were wrecked. American piloted Spitfires damaged one Messerschmill during a bailie of aerial patrols. A small force of Britiah naval motor craft engaged a strongly escorted enemy convoy by nighl off the port of Bizerte. sank one sup- jly ship and scored two torpedo hits on another, il was announced. Eeiimcy destroyers and Eboals opened fire after the close-range attack, but the raiders suffered only superficial damage and one minor casually. "When lusl seen the enemy ships were engaging each other," the announcemnt said. "Our motor craft returned safely to bases." Nearly one-ienth U.S. population wa; iin 1942. of the entire hospitalized

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