fh§/efe Browfi Turner, of OzaMa/d The Editor: The trouble with our Country is: The garage is where the smoke-house ought to be, ,-- i ^ ' . ^i ^Mik *^i Our Daily Bread Sliced thin by the Editor Alex. H. Washburn Shop Talk- Crossword puzzle and pictures Editor The Star: The fine print with your crossword puzzle the last few days is very hard to read. What happened? I am straining my eyes. Can you go back to the old print? Sincerely, J.A. DAVIS Sept. 4, 1974 709 W. 5th St. Hope, Ark. 71801 Our organization had been bothered by another problem, so this one was overlooked until we received Mr. Davis' letter. We wrote him Thursday thanking him for calling attention to the plight of the crossword puzzle. On investigating we discovered that Newspaper Enterprise Association, our features syndicate in Cleveland, Ohio, sent us the wrong size proof for this week's puzzles. It was in the three-column format, whereas the spot open in the cartoon page is for two columns only. The composing room, without asking for advice, made a photographic reduction to bring the three-column proof down to two columns. This would have been forbidden, had we known about it—because of the very fault Mr. Davis' letter brought out; the type is reduced in size, making it hard to read. After this week we will have the correct two-column proofs, but instructions have gone to the composing room that in any future foulup by the Cleveland syndicate a three-column crossword puzzle shall be moved off the cartoon page to another page where space is available. The other proLl.m the newspaper organization has been wrestling with is the introduction of a new photographic screen when making news pictures. In offset printing everything is photographed in the shop, and the film printed down on aluminum plates for the press. Straight black and white copy, such as the type page, is photographed without a screen; but pictures include gray areas so they have to be photographed separately in the shop through a screen, and then stripped into the newspaper page. Many of our readers will recall our trouble with pictures during our first month in offset printing, January 1966. It took us most of that month to learn how to handle the screen that was then in use. After that we had no trouble. Well, fashions change, and so do photographic screens—and for the last week or two we have been wrestling with a new type screen which our supplier reports has displaced our former screen. He says they don't make the old screen any more. So the picture business has been a new ball game for us the last couple of weeks. But we've been at work on the problem, and when Thursday's layout of pictures on the District Three highway building dedication came out we considered we had won the fight over technology. It appears that the new screen requires considerably less exposure on the 17x23 Brown process camera in the composing room. It's as simple as that—after a couple of weeks of sweat. Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6 30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. Hempstead County- of the Bowie Knife «r Member of the Associated Press VOL. 75—No, 278 —10 Pages Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. features HOPE. ARKANSAS FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1974 Horhe Star Av. net paid circulation 3months ending March 31,1974—4,080 As filed with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject to audit. PRICE lOc Walnut Street crossing under repair Ford joining governors at Bicentennial launch THE WALNUT Missouri-Pacific STREET crossing of the Railroad was blocked Thursday and will probably remain closed through Saturday. Railroad crews have begun work to raise the tracks and otherwise —Hope (Ark.) Star photo by Roger Head renovate the crossing. The railroad will be ready to begin repair work on Hazel Street Monday, and that crossing may be closed for a week. Traffic will be rerouted. Speeding L.R. 36th on crime list arrests Support the Bobcats at Hammon Stadium tonight increase LITTLE ROCK (AP) - Seventy-five per cent of all vehicles at a radar checkpoint on one Arkansas highway exceeded the 55 mile per hour speed limit during the past month, according to a state Highway Department survey. A State Police spokesman said Thursday that the number of speeding arrests on Arkansas highways increases monthly. "People think we are not arresting speeders, but we are," said Lt. Ken McFerran of the State Police. "We're wearing out pens writing tickets now. What more can we do?" McFerran said that during the first seven months of 1974 State Police made 53,864 arrests for speeding in Arkansas. During the corresponding period in 1973, State Police made 32,287 speeding arrests. The Highway Department's Planning and Research Division has been conducting periodic speed check surveys since the fuel shortage became so acute last fall. Jim McCall of the department's public relations staff said the radar checks were conducted at a checkpoint on Interstate 30 about 1.2 miles southwest of the Mabelvale west interchange near here. Another check was conducted Jan. 15, one day after the new 55 m.p.hm speed limit took effect. The average speed then was slightly more than 50 m.p.h. On April 30, the average speed had increased to 52 m.p.h. and on Aug. 8 it was 58. The Highway Department also said that 12 per cent of the vehicles on Oct. 9 were exceeding the 70 m.p.h. speed limit. On the Jan. 15 check, 12 per cent were exceeding the new 55 m.p.h. speed limit, while on Aug. 8 that figure jumped to 75 per cent. The department said that during the August check 39 per cent of the vehicles were exceeding 60 m.p.h., but only eight per cent were traveling faster than 65 m.p.h. LITTLE ROCK (AP) - The Uttl? Re :kar?a. ranked SOfe? in a list of 207 metropolitan areas in total crimes per 100,000 residents in 1973, the FBI says. That means there were more crimes per 100,000 persons in the Little Rock area than at New York, Boston, Chicago, New Orleans or Washington as well as many other cities, according to the 1973 uniform crime report published annually by the FBI. Police Chief Gale Weeks of Little Rock blamed part of the problem Thursday on new methods of dealing with crime. 'There's no longer a sure and certain punishment for people convicted of crime," he said. "A criminal recognizes only sure and certain punishment for the crime he commits. Punishment is definitely a deterrent." The FBI report showed that for each 100,000 residents in the Little Rock area, which includes Pulaski and Saline counties, 5,733.8 crimes were committed. At New York, 5,457.5 crimes were reported for every 100,000 persons; at Boston, 4,679.3; at Chicago, 5,065; at New Orleans, 4,778.2, and at Washington, 5,239.9. Of the 5,733.8 crimes per 100,000 population in the Pulaski- Saliny county area, 668.2 were Saxbe issues warning on state lotteries WASHINGTON (AP) -Atty. Gen. William B. Saxbe today threatened to seek a court injunction against state lotteries unless Congress acts within 90 days to exempt states from federal antilottery laws. "If Congress takes no action, it's our intention to ask the courts to decide the question, and if decided favorably to us, to seek injunctive relief," Saxbe said at a news conference following a private meeting with officials from the 13 states with lotteries. The attorney general said federal prosecutors will take no civil or criminal action against lottery officials and participants during the interim. violent crimes and 5,065.6 were crimes gainst property. Homicide and nonnegligent manslaughter accounted for 14.7; forcible rape for 57.7; robbery for 232.4; aggravated assault for 363.4; burglary for 1,737.1; larceny and theft for 2,996.8 and automobile theft for 331.7. A total of 19,404 crimes were reported in the two counties during 1973. That is an increase of 17.1 per cent over the 11,291 crimes in 1972. The report said the population increased from 333,000 to 346,000 from 1972-73. Homicides doubled from 25 to 50, while rapes jumped from 61 to 192. Robberies increased from 434 to 794, and assaults rose from 662 to 1,220. Burglaries increased from 2,757 to 5,836, and larceny and theft went from 2,583 to 10,191. Automobile theft rose from 529 to 1,121. Chief Weeks said the Little Rock crime rate had risen in accordance with the other sections of the country, but he said that because of the 55-square- mile annexation to the city last year, no accurate comparisons could be made—at least until the special census now being taken is completed. "Offenses are definitely up — especially in the area of bur- ^lary," he said. "Robberies were up last year, and I expect them to be up again this year." Weeks said part of the blame was the "new approach taken to crime during the last few years," the system of pardons, paroles, plea bargaining, probation and other facets of the criminal justice system. Weeks said "too many people look at law enforcement as a solution to the problem of rising crime," but that a "synchronized system" must be instituted within the criminal justice arena — police, judicial, penal, probation and parole. "In the meantime," he said, 'the citizen pays a high price for this type thing. We all share in the problem." The 5,733.8 crime rate for every 100,000 persons in the Little Rock area compared with 2,379.1 at Fayetteville and Springdale (which includes Benton and Washington counties) and 2,384.2 in the Fort Smith area (which ecompasses Crawford and Sebastian counties as well ad LeFlore and Sequoyah counties in Oklahoma). PHILADELPHIA (AP) President Ford helps this historic city and the nation launch the Bicentennial era today. He joins governors of the 13 original states at the closing dinner session of the 200th anniversary of the First Continental Congress. While House aides said Ford's visit would be strictly ceremonial. There had been speculation that the President might use the occasion to unveil his amnesty program for Vietnam draft dodgers and deserters. More than 1,000 persons will dine in a huge tent across the street from Independence Hall, where the Liberty Bell is housed. Before Ford arrives, the 52 delegates at the reconvened Congress first must wrap up action on resolutions, including one con a citizen's right to privacy that stirred unexpected controversy and an early end of Thursday's opening session. Gov. Milton J. Shapp of Pennsylvania, elected secretary of the Congress, introduced the resolution calling for extension of the privacy right "to include proper restraints on all public and private information gathering agencies and on the dissemination of criminal justice information." Delegates from New York, New Hampshire, Connecticut and Delaware objected that such extension "goes too far" and might lead to curtailment of a free press and the people's right to know. At the suggestion of North Carolina Gov. James E. Holshouser Jr., debate was tabled so delegates could work out a compromise over dinner. There was no dispute over the one resolution adopted, which called for reaffirmation of America's basic principles of freedom of press, speech, assembly and religion. The delegates met at Carpenters Hall, a block from Independence Hall and in the heart of what the National Park Service calls "the most historic square mile in America." It was here two centuries ago that Patrick Henry, George Washington, John Adams and other colonial dissidents began the revolutionary events that led to the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, by the Second Continental Congress. WASHINGTON (AP) - President Ford has launched his public search for a way out of the nation's economic woes and has received assurances from the Democratic Congress that it will stay in session as long as he has proposals for it to con- Boosters and ; baby' melon -Hope | Ark. i Star photo by Pud Rogers AT THE DISTRICT 3 highway headquarters dedication luncheon Wednesday at the Trade Winds club room, three Hope boosters displayed one of their 112-pound "baby" melons. Left to right are Mrs. Lester Kent, whose husband grows the giant melons; Secretary of State Kelly Bryant, a native of Hope; and Mrs. Ray Ahlborn, cooperator of the Trade Winds motel. sider. The word from Capitol Hill came as Ford met on Thursday with some 30 economists who offered a wide range of suggestions, including an apparent majority view that the money supply should be expanded to bring interest rates down. There was less agreement on how to moderate the wage- price race. "There is no question but that we will cooperate with the President," House Majority Leader Thomas P. O'Neill Jr., D-Mass., said in a telephone in- terview from Cambridge. "We have got to instill confidence in the public and if remaining in Washington will do it, then we have to stay." Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield, D-Mont., concurred, with the.observation that Congress alone cannot act on the economic problem. At the end of the day-long, televised session, about half of which he attended in person, Ford told the economists, "I couldn't agree more that we have to act ... on sound and, responsible recommendations." Pancake feast tonight Tonight is the night for the annual Kiwanis pancake supper, from 5 to 7:30 at Hope High School cafeteria, just before the football season opener between the Hope Bobcats and Ashdown. Members of the Hope Kiwanis Club will cook and serve hot pancakes with butter and syrup, sausage, and drinks, all one can eat for just $1.50. Not one cent of profit from these suppers has ever been used for everything other than Kiwanis youth work and work with the elderly. This year is no exception. All profits will again be used in these two areas of work. Enjoy a good meal and at the same tune assist the Kiwanis Club in its efforts. Unemployment rate continues slow rise WASHINGTON (AP) — The nation's unemployment rate in August continued its slow upward climb,,, rising by one-tenth of a per cent to 5.4 per cent of the work force, the government reported today. Although the change from the July rate of 5.3 per cent is not considered statistically significant, the Labor Department said the increase taken over the past two months represented a break from the 5.2 per cent plateau that had prevailed during the first half of the year. The jobless rate now has risen by eight-tenths of a percentage point from last October's 6Mi-year low of 4.6 per Gulf Coast residents eye Carmen MIAMI, Fla. (AP) - Hurricane Carmen moved sluggisly north from the southern Gulf of Mexico today and forecasters advised residents of a wide swath of the Gulf Coast to keep aware of the storm's movements. "A hurricane watch may be needed for a portion of this coastline Friday," forecaster Paul Hebert said late Thursday at the National Hurricane Center in Miami. Carmen, with sustained winds of 90 miles per hour, was or about 130 miles north-northwest of Merida, Mexico, early Friday. It was expected to turn northeastward during the day, gradually gaining in forward speed and strength. The path could take it anywhere in an area ranging from Louisiana to the eastern Florida Panhandle, Hebert said. Carmen had remained stationary off the coast of Campeche, Mexico, decreasing to tropical storm status, for several days before regaining strength on Thursday and beginning its slow northward drift. Meanwhile, the hurricane center said a creconnissance plane was to take a closer look at a new tropical depression churning through the Atlantic toward the Leeward Islandsm The depression early Friday was centered about 110 miles east of Antigua and 400 miles east-southeast of Puerto Ricom It had winds of 35 m.p.h. and was moving west to west-northwest at about 15 m.p.h. cent and is expected to continue climbing as the economy falters. f k The Labor'Department said 4.9 million Americans were unable to find work last month, an increase of about 190,000 since July. The Ford administration has prepared a program of gradually rising payments to local governments to create additional public service jobs as unemployment mounts. If the jobless rate reaches 5.5 per cent, Labor Secretary Peter J. Brennan has said the government would move to create about 100,000 more jobs. Total employment as measured by the department's sample survey of households stood at 86.2 million in August, practically unchanged in the last two months. Nonfarm payroll employment as measured by the survey of business establishments was unchanged in August at 7.2 million. Looking at wages, average hourly earnings were reported up three cents in August, to $4.24, a level 33 cents more than a year ago. Weekly earnings averaged $157.73 in August, an increase of $1.12 from July and $11.10 from Last August. However, the Hourly Earnings Index in dollars of constant purchasing power declined three per cent over the past year, the government said. The length of the average work week and factory overtime were essentially unchanged last month, both reflections of the sluggish economy. Bruised Chief to clash with Zuma tonight The colorfiu Chief Tfcun- dercloud, who was badly beaten by Buck Robley iu last week's wrestling matches, will be back touigto—with nine stitches in his head, and ready for action. He and Argentina Zuma will clash in the semifinal event, wbile "Yellow Belly" Robley takes on the formidable Grizzly Smith in a special challenge match. Also in the semi-final event will be Sung Yung Rang and Japan's Mr. Ito. The fighting begins at 8:39 p.m. La Fair Pajrfc Coliseum.
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