Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 7, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Served by the No. 1 News Ofgonizotion — The Associated Press Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 148 Star of Hope, 1899; Pro-,*, 1927. Consolkloted January IB, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change tonight. Scallrced showers in northwest portion. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7, 1943 (AP)—Means. Associated Press (NEA)—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Rommel's Defense Broken Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN i* Medicine Goes to War Rockefeller Foundation's Report The annual report of the Rockefeller Foundation for 1942, released today, brings us two outstanding pieces of news. & —- ® First, the report discloses thai when Ihe Japanese seized the French and Dutch East Indies they Pacific Area 'Policy Making Council Sought Washington, April 7 — (/P)— Creation of a policymaking United Nations Council, with a subsidiary regional council for Ihe Pacific area, was proposed in a report of the (dfislituic of Pacific Relations, made public today. Reporting on the institute's conference at Mont Tremblanl, Quebec, last December. W. L. Holland, research secretary, said "protests ^fcre beginning to be heard against an cxccsive Anglo-American dominance in the conduct of the war." Entitled '-War and Peace in Iho Pacific." the report was prepared for distribution at an institute Junchcon at which Undersecretary fj;f State Sumncr Wells was to speak. "Coupled often with pleas for increased Chinese participation in the higher war councils, there were suggestions for the establishment of ,jin effective executive council at least of Iho larger United Natoins," the report said, adding: "In all these criticisms there was a growing realization that not only the prosecution of the war but, even more, Ihe better preparation 1fr>r pence and postwar reconstruction would be badly handicapped unless Ihe nresont nominal association of the United Nations is tranlalcd into a functioning policymaking organ." A. Dr. Sao-Ke Alfred Szc, former Tjhincsc ambassador lo Washington, proposed the executive council of the United Nations, to include at least the United States, Great Britain, China and Soviet Russia. %' Lord Hailey, leader of the British group, suggested the Pacific zone council, lo consist of representative^ of Ihe ovnreign power concerned, with headquarters in North America. In round table discus- ,v5ions these were identified as China TJanada, Australia, New Zealand. Thailand, France, the Netherlands and Nctherland Indies, United Kingdom. United States and Russia. Its doublr. function would be: , 1. "To take charge of the civil Mictivitics, as a local agency, of whatever organization may be established by the .United Nations for safeguarding the peace of Asia in common with other parts of the world. ty 2. "To secure, by joint consultation and cooperative action, a common policy, so far as may be, in Ihe economic development and in the tariff and customs arrangements within this zone." t The Indians and Chinese, particu- *5arly, criticized the Pacific War Council and oilier existing agencies, it was said, on the ground that "some of the member countircs are (Continued on Page Two) Virginian Is Chief of Statistics Bureau LMtlo Rock. Auril 7 —(/Pi—Fran- 7»''is B. Rhoads. director of the Vital •Statistics Bureau for the West Virginia Stale Health Department, Charleston. W. Va., has been appointed to head the Bureau of Vital Statistics for Arkansas, Dr. W. B. ^Grayson. state health officer, an- •nouncod Tueday. Hhoad. director of the Wesl Virginia bureau for the pasl year and a half will report here April 26, Grayson said. Before going lo West Virginia, he was with the Wash- /kington State Health department eiuhl years and organized and directed the vital statistics bureau. Declaring that the new director has haci approximately 15 years experience in public health and statistical work. Grayson said he would •expand duties for the department to provide statistical information for doctors and public health workers. w "Mr. Shoads has promised lo reorganize the bureau so that it will ,^jbe a source of information on such matters as rates and trend of mortality and morbidity, as well as a ditributing agency for certified copies of birth certificates," Grayson said. Rhoads is a graduate of the Uni- fvcrsily of Washington, with A. B. and M. A. degree and has completed f\ year's post-pradiiHte work in vital statistics at Johns Hopkin Univcrity. not only got our rubber bul our quinine too. Medicine was more fortunate than morlorists. however, for synthetic chemistry promptly filled the gap. Second, the Foundation report tells for the first lime the full I story behind the Army's recent trouble with some of the "shots" given our soldiers going overseas. You have heard of yellow jaundice breaking oul in some instances after yellow fever shots had been given. Here is the Foundation's account of it: "The vaccine now used to provide immunity was developed in Ihe laboratories of the International Health Division of the Foundation in 193G. During 1942 a great deal of alien- lion was given by the Division, in association with Army and Navy personnel and experts called in from other institutions, to an outbreak of jaundice which appeared lo be associated with certain definite lols of Ihe yellow fever vaccine. "In preceding years a tola! of nearly 8 million vaccinations had been successfully administered without any disturbing consequence, except the recent appearance of a few cases of jaundice in Brazil. Research during 1942 indicated that the incidental jaundice, which is nol conlageous and does not constitute a danger lo public health ,is probably due to a virus contained in Ihe human componcnl employed in Ihe vaccine. Oddly enough, cases of jaundice have appeared this year in England and Russia, apparently following the administration of vaccines or scrums which were manufactured in those countries for diseases other than yellow fever and which also contained a human scrum component. "The yellow fever vaccine is now being successfully made without, this component, and it is believed that the risk of jaundice has been definitely eliminated." Practically everybody ' in the United Slales knew about jaundice attacks following the yellow fever shots. That trouble, the Rockefeller Foundation now tells us, has been discovered and conquered. But it only adds to Ihe magnificence of Ihe medical accomplishment in developing the original yellow fever scrum. Because of these 'shots" American soldiers arc today able to go into Liberia and other parts of Africa where yellow fever is endemic and (in the language of the Rockefeller report) "protected from the consequences of this savage disease, with its mortality ranging in some localities as high as 70 per cent." We in America know litlle of diseases that kill 70 per cent of their victims, but there arc such terrors in the world—and they represent one of the war risks we must underwrite when our men go into strange lands. Certainly il is a magnificent piece of confidence to know thai research medicine has developed a stopper for yellow fever—and that the scrum has now been cleared of the human factor which occasionally caused an aftermath of jaundice. British Suffer Setback on Burma Front By The Associated Press A MOW British setback on the Burma front was disclosed today as .Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavell's legions fell back on the Mayti peninsula, along the Bay of Bengal, to counter a threat by outflanking Japanese troops from the north. British forces thrusting down the ncninsula from India had previously failed in four attempts to crack the powerful Japanese defenses guarding the big coastal base at Akyab. "Infiltrating across the Mayu river south of Kwazoc, the enemy succeeded over the weekend in mounting a direct threat to our communications in the narrow strip between the hills and the sea north of Donbaik," a British communique said. "To meet Ihis outflank in:; movement, necessary readjustments have been made in our positions on the Mayu peninsula." The extent of the withdrawal was not revealed, but dispatches from the front last week said Gen. Wavell ,vas preparing to pull In his vanguards and dig in at more favorable oo.sitions to await the arrival of the monsoon rains. The British command said other British forces were holding unchanged positions in the hills north of the Mayu peninsula, whore severe casualties" were innlicted on the Japanese in fighting still in progress. In the southwest Pacific, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters announced that Allied • fliers bombed Japanese occupied villages in the Aroe islands, the enemy's closest foothold to Australia, and set big fire in Hie Japanese base at Salamaua. New Guinea. United Nations airmen also raked the enemy at Alitit, in the Tanimbar Islands, and at Gasma- ta, New Britain. World Banking Plans Advanced by U. S v Britain London. April 7 —(/Pi— Great Britain proposed the mosl far- reaching world banking and current's plan for the expansion of world trade thus'far advanced by any major town publication. Going considerably farther in some directions than the U. S. Treasury's pioposal for a currency stabilization program announced by Secretary of the Trca- ury Morgcnlhau yeslcrday, Ihe British plan nevertheless an- noun rossimilar objective, and both are advanced as a basis for diseusion. Lord Key no calls his proposed mechanism an international clearing union from which countries in temporary need of funds lo finance international trade would borrow, and in which countries with a favorable balance of payments would accumulate credits. The plan places responsibilities on both creditor and debtor countries to work toward balancing of Ihe world economy. Lord Kcyncs describes his proposal as providing Ihe same facilities between nations that a banking system p.-ovidcs within nations. He writes: "No depositor in a local bank suffers because the balances, which he leaves idle, are employed lo finance the business of someone else. "Just as Ihe development of national banking systems served to offer a deflationist pressure which w|ould have prevented olherwie Ihe development of modern indus- Boards Cannot Hold Teacher Salary Funds Little Rock, April 7 —(/Pi— School boards have no authority to withhold from teachers those funds earmarked for salaries under Hie 1941 Rozzell Teachers' Salary law even though the added pay was not provided in their contracts, Attorney General Guy Williams held today. The ruling went lo S. E. Gilliam. a director of El Dorado school district No. .5. Williams held further that the school boards could not ask teachers lo waive their rights to any of the earmarked funds and could not divert Ihe salary moneys for other school purposes. Floyd Sharp Named Manpower Chief Little Rock, April 7 —(/Pi— Appointment of Floyd Sharp, state WPA director and utilities commission member, as acting area director of Ihe War Manpower Commission was announced today in Kansas City, Mo., by Regional WMC Director Ed McDonald. Berkley Urges Action on Parity Measure Washington, April 7 —(/Vl— Majority Leader Barkley told his fellow senators today if they keep the Bankhcad farm parity bill behind the door of the agriculture committee as a club against John L. Lewis of Ihe mine workers, "Mr. Lewis, nol Congress, may come oul with the club." Urging that President Roosevelt's veto of the controverted measure be sustained openly on the Senate floor, Barkley declared: "It has been suggested that the bill should be sent back to committee lo be kept behind the door as a club against labor increases, with particular reference lo John L. Loxvis, he's a very able and skillful strategist. 1 am not so sure that if this bill is lo be used as a club, that the club will not be used the oilier way. Mr. Lewis, instead of congress, may come out with the club." Barkley also said he understood there was a feeling among some members that it would be "a clever thing" to avoid a direct vote on Mr. Roosevelt's veto. He summoned the memories of senatorial giants of the past, Webster, Haync and Calhoun, as arguments against such a eotisc. "I do nol think it is becoming for the Senate lo Iry to walk a tight rope on this or any other problem," Barkley asserted. "If people want to sec tight rope walking, they should go to a circus, not the Senate. the same Kelly Re-elected Mayor of Chicago Chicago. April 7 — i^'l — Edward J. Kelly will begin his lllh year as mayor of Chicago Friday — starling his third four-year term to which he was elected yesterday, and heading toward a new tenure record. The (>6 year old Democrat, if he completes his newest term in 1947, will have served 14 years, longer than any other Chicago mayor and believed one of the longest tenures as chief executive of any of the nation's large cities. Kelly, a native Chicagoan who is rounding out a half - century of nnblic life, won re-election by defeating Republican George B. McKibbin, former state finance director, attorney and civic leader. The veteran Democratic leader — he is Illinois national commitlcmun — won by 116,15!) votes, polling 687,640 to 571,487 for McKibbin. Approximately 70 per cent of the city's 1,814,060 registered voters went lo thu- pull:;. try, so be extending principle into the internalional field we may hope lo offset the con- tractionist pressure which might otherwise overwhelm in social disorder and diappoinlmcnts Ihe good nopcs of our modern world." Lord Keynes' plan makes no fixed proposal for the amount of gold or capital which the union would have, while the U. S. treasury proposes $5,000,000,000. He suggests each United Nation be given fixed quotas as to the H mount ot borrpwing which they may do, based on their average trade balances over a period of time, and rather flexible quotas as to the amount of credit they may accumulate. U. S. Bombers Strike Subs, Destroy 15 London, April 7 — (/P) — United Stales heavy b o m b e r s struck what may welt have been Ihe heaviest single blow of the war against the U-boats when they damaged severely seven of the 15 submarines in construction lios at Vee- ack March 18, an RAF commentator aid today. One of these, which was hit very heavily and capsized in berth, was icady for almost an immediate launching, said this source whose name could n ot be given. Two of the submarines were far enough so Ihey could have been launched probably by mid-May, he said. He added" that two others would have been finished in mid- June, while the remaining two were in Ihe embryonic slage. The net conclusion of Naval and submarine building experts who examined photographs of Ihe raid was thai Ihe yards would be able lo make no substantial contribution to German Uboal construction for many months, the commentator asserted. By GEORGE CULLEN • Washington. April 7 M 1 )— It apparently would cost this government nothing extra lo participate in a postwar gold currency stabilization program evolved by the U. S. Treasury. The program, which has been submitted lo 37 nations for discus- soin. calls for a $5,000,000 stabilization fund to which Secretary Morgenthau says the United Stales would conlrioutc about $2,000,000,000 or 40 per cent. Other nations would conlnoule proportionatlcy under a specified formula. The treasury now holds a $2,000,000,000 stabilization fund to which Secretary Morgenthau says the United States would contribute about $2,000,000,000 or 40 per cent. Other nations would contribute proportionately under a specified formula. The treasury now holds a $2,000. 000,000 domestic stabilization fund which has been in operation nine years. Should the international agency be established, it is believed the treasury could simply switch this fund to the new world pool, thus providing the United Stales' ante without Ihe necessily of extra financing. With the projected international fund operating to stabilize cur rcncics, treasury officials said, the need for continuance of exchange control by individual countries to continue it another two years. Although some department attorneys believe the secrelary has authority under existing law to enter 'jnto the international arrangement, Germans Hit Back London, April 7 — (/Pi— German hit-and-run fighter - bombers attacked two towns on Ihe B.-ilish southeast coast shortly after dawn today, causing some casualties and damaging a n umbcr of business e.s- tablishments. Six planes participated in the raid on one town, where a motion picture theater and a newspaper office were among the buildings wrecked. One of the planes was rcuorled shot down. Two enemy raiders participated in the other attack, which was said to have caused Jiltle damage and no casualties. The assaults followed a raidfree night in Britian. There was no major Allied aerial activity over Ihe continent, though the air ministry announced thai RAF planes had laid mines in enemy waters. Two planes were reported missing in ihese operations. The Washington National Monument at Washington. D. C., is 555 feet ' " ' UV f'j.'d -rcporteriiKo; ;.hsVJS- no intention ot acting without legislative sanction. "I wouldn't think of doing anything without congressional approval." lie said. The secretary made public late yesterday Ihe full details of Ihe treasury proposals submitted to United Nations and their associates who have been invited to end representatives here for discussions. Replies already have been received from 10 nations, Morgenthau said, and he expressed confidence the others would soon follow. Not invited were France and the Axis powers. Morgenthau emphasized the proposals were merely tentative, but he predicted prompt adoption on such a program would help slave off economic collapse after the war, revive world trade and give renewed hope lo countries now under Axis domination. The secretary described the treasury proposals as an enlargement of the tripartite agreement among the United Stales, Great Britain and France, which sould be dropped. War Planners View Way to Convince Reds BY WADE WEN£;> Former Chief of the Moscow Bureau of the Associated Press Washington. April 7 — I/I 5 )— Convincing Russia there will be no effort lo build a barrier of anti-Soviet states across Europe after the war was viewed in diplomatic circles here today as one of the thorniest problems confronting postwar planners. That there will be no effort to erect such a barrier was emphasized by Assistant Secretary of Stale Adolf A. Bcrle. Jr., in a broadcast last Sunday when he said: "Today the idea of a buffer state is as dead as a dodo." Buffer stales. Boric said, arc a relic ot the old era of secrel diplomacy. His words were widely interpreted as meaning the United Slates would not insist on post-war restoration of F.tonia, Latvia and Lithuania (the Baltic stales absorbed by Russai iu 19401. or restoration to Poland of eastern areas occupied o.y Russia in 1939. In some quarters, however, his assurance was criticized a loo narrow to cover the whole range of Rusia's postwar security requirements. This view was reflected on the editorial page of Ihe Daily Worker, which frequently follow 'the Communist line, in an article accusing Berle of advocating Ihe opening of a second front in the Balkans, instead of western Europe with the idea of using American trops to erect "hostile, Fascist state sleby men like Darlan on the border of the Soviet Union." On the other hand, Bcrle's flat (Continued on Pu^c Two) Soviets Reported Fighting Inside Novorossisk —Europe By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, April (/P) — Sharp fighting along the Donets river and n the Kuban delta in the Cau- jasii.s. was reported by the Russians todnv us the lone Soviet-German batllefront experienced better weather. In the Kuban dclla, where Ihe Red Army had been said unofficially lo be fighling in the suburbs of Novorossisk, the Black sea port, dispatches said the Russians kepi tin their offensive and drove doggedly into the Germans against strong resistance. The fighting Ihere cxlendcd over acres of glue-like mud and swollen streams, but the Russians said their Iroop plunged on neverlhe- less, falling upon Ihe Nazi flank in some areas and i n others surrounding the foe. There was virtually no news of Nnvorosisk. -however, the lasl big objective Ihe Germans hold in Ihe northern Caucasus area. The Nazis arc striving with all their power lo hold Ihis Naval base, for it is one of Ihe best ports along the whole Black sea. The Germans' newest attacks south of Izyum against a Soviet bridge-head were announced to have cost them more than 500 dead and one of their front lines. Again as in previous days, the Russians said, the Army force did not give way lo surprise attacks bul held together and shifted strength quickly lo the sectors under greatest pressure. (The German High Command, in its Wednesday com,munique broadcast by the Berlin radio and re- Cur'ded by the Associaled Press, said a German "offensive enterprise" in the central Donets region "reached the planned goal notwithstanding tenacious enemy resistance." ("In the course of a successful assualt in the northern sector of Ihe front," it added, "shock troops of a Spanish volunteer division blew up 14 bunkers and returned with pris- oncrs/'i Russian dispatches said the Gor| man air force was operating in con| siderable strength up and down the Donet, but was losing heavily under attacks by Russian fighter planes and anti - aircraft batleries. Red Star. Army organ, said the Germans tried again to take a slralcgic hill in Ihe norlhern Donels sector, but again failed. The posilion has undergone no fewer than 20 attacks in the spring fighting, but Red Star said the Germans never had been able to storm it. The hill was not, dicritified, but a dispalcn ten days ago described it as one of ( grcat strategic importance, commanding the whole area, and a key to the battlefield there. In fresh attacks in the Volkov sector, south of Leningrad, the Germans losl heavily and gained nothing, the Russians reported. Dispatches from Leningrad related lhat brighter w e a I h e r has brought mass German air raids on the city. Ann - aircraft fire was said to have brought down 13 al- lacking planes in one day. Results of Elections in Arkansas Pv The Associated Press Fort Smith — A half mill tax for the maintenance of the Carnegie library here was voted in yesterday's municipal election, 1,648,523. Rejected 1,001—1.237 was a proposal lo levy a $1.50 uarbauc collection fee. Jay Medlin defeated in cumbcnt H. S. Peck 1,234—1,127 for Commissioner of Parks and Ulili- ties. U. S., British Advance, Take 5OOO Prisoners -© Japs on Kiska Heavily Hit by U. S. Planes Washington, April 7 —iff'}— The Navy reported today thai forces of Army heavy and medium bombers raided Japanese positions on Kiska island in the Aleutian give times Monday and scored hits on enemy positions. One allack was made against Attu island in the Aleutians Ihe same day. Communique No. 336 said: "North Pacific: "1. On April 5, forces of Army Liberator (Consolidated B-24) heavy bombers and Milchcll (North American B25) medium bombers, escorted "By Lightning (Lockheed P-38> and Warhawk (Curtiss P-40 fighters, carried out five attacks against Japanese in- lallalion at Kika and one atlack against Attu. Hits were scored on enemy positions. "South Pacific: (AH dales are east longitude) "2. On April , a group of Daunl- j less Dive Bombers (Douglas SBD) ' and Lightning fighters attacked Japanese positions at Bila in the central Solomons. Fires were started." The Monday raid on Kiska raised to 51 the total number of attacks made p gainst that enemy held island since March 1 when the current aerial offensive in the Aluclians got under way. MorwouTd Extend Bus Line Service Little Rock, April 7 —(/P)— The Missouri Pacific Transportation Co., asked the Corporation Commission today lo cancel immediately Ihe Eagle Transportation Go's., Fordyce - Little Rock bus permit and to authorize Missour Pacific to operate three additiona round Irips daily between the cities for a 90 day trial period. The company submitted the proposal as an alternative lo the Southwesler n Greyhound line's application to extend its El Dorado- Fordyce operations into Litlle Rock. A Iwo und one half day hearing on Ihe Greyhound application ended at noon. Attorneys were given three weeks to prepare briefs. Eagle has been operating over U. S. Highway 167 between Little Rock and El Dorado via Fordyce since 1940. The Supreme Court directed the commission several weeks ago to cancel the Eagle permit between Litlle Rock and Fordyce but the Ihe court mandate was not filed until this week. The commission Monday authorized Greyhound lo lake over Eagle operations between El Dorado and Fordyce. Greyhound Attorney Willis B. Smith asked the commission today lo let his company operate over the El Dorado - Fordyce run under Eagle's name until The body rules on the Fordyce Little Rock application. Missouri Pacific now operates three schedules daily between Little Rock and El Dorado via Fordyce and Camden. The three new schedules would meet the Greyhound schedules between El Dorado and Fordyce at Fordyce and afford six schedules between Litlle Rock .md Fordyce. —Africa Liltle Rock — Annexation of approximately five square miles on the southeast, south and western sections of Little Rock was approved 891.133. The new territory included Adams Field, territory <oulh of Asher Avenue and Oak Forest and adjacent subdivisions. .Tonesboro — W. C. Craig, veteran peace officer, lost his attempt to unseat Mayor Herbert J. Bosler who was seeking his 21st term. Bosler polled 433 voles, Craig 338. Paragould — G. W. Hammond. 44, news stand operator, defeated incumbent Aaron H. Massengill for mayor, 448317. Stuttgart — Pr. H. S. Neol defeated L. K. Bucrkle 148102 for mayor. He will succeed Harlyc C. Stump who is completing his third term. Rubber Situation Believed Better Washington. Aoril 7 •—i/l'i— Rubber Director William M. Jeffers thinks the tension will be eased on the nation's strained rubber situation in a year and (he synthetics eventually can supply America's needs. Nevertheless, he believes South American rubber should be kept in production as "insurance." Jeffers voiced those opinions at a press conference yesterday, during which he acknowledged that thus far synthetic production has failed to turn out a truck tire that could meet all needs. As for reports that he may resign this summer: "If the (synthetic > plants aren't producing by June, why TIT: uuiyin;; around." By DANIEL DeLUCE Allied Headquarters in North Af- ica, April 7 —(/P)— The British Eighth Army has broken through < he Axis hill and Wadi defenses north of Gabes, and American roops have mopped up Germans on the Djcbel .Maizila, north of VTaknassy, and advanced east of 21 Guetar in a coordinated squeeze of Marshal Erwin Rommel, latest •eports from the front said today. Seizing two high hills which dom- nated the new defenses along the Wadi El Akarit, 20 miles north of abes, the British held these strong points through violent Gcr- nan counterattacks after a break- .hrough behind a heavy artillery sarrage and an Allied headquarters communique said they captured 5,000 prisoners, mostly Ital- an. (Prim Minister Winston Churchill told the House of Commons London that British armor had reached open country yesterday after taking all the key positions in the Waki El Akarit line, and that Rommel was retreating northward with Montgomery in "hot pursuit." (Six thousand Axis prisoners had been captured, he said, after an artillery preparation from 500 guns, a concentration about equal to mat which opened the El Ala- mein battle in Egypt last October.) The Americans, attacking ' 40 miles lo the west in an effort to link hands with Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's warriors and also to threaten Rommel's * rear, launched heavy new attacks. " They tried desperately to dislodge entrenched German forces from their formidable artillery positions and strong lines of machine- gun nests planted in the rocks of Djebel Krcroun nine mile east of El Guetar. Latct reports said they had advanced after previous failures. Dispatches from the front said the American tank went forward about five-eighths of a mile yesterday and tnat the infantry continued its dogged push through the hills. Thirty Italians were taken prisoner. About 40 miles to the north, the Americans attacked in a new sector, nine miles north of Maknassy, and first were reported to have driven to the mouth of Maizila pass and then to have mopped up the Germans remaining on the dominant heights. (At last reports, the Americans in that sector were only 28 miles from Rommel's coastal road.) The Allied air war kept pace with the furiou ground action, as British and American planes unleashed another of their powerful daily of^ fcnsivcs, sinking at least 17 ships, battering the enemy's forward positions, scorching airfields and hammering at the ports of Tunis, Trapani, Ragusa and Messina on both sides of the Sicilian Strait. Shooting down 27 planes, they brought their two-day toll of enemy aircraft lo 79, compared with 1 for the two days lost by the Allies. The Wadi El Akarit line collapsed within two hours after Montgomery's Eighth Army launched its first aault at 4:30 a.m. yesterday. The infantry charge was protected by a thundering bombardment of hundreds of guns which opened at 4 o'clock in one of the heaviest blows ever deallh by Allied artillery in the African war. The enemy held two hills, the Djebel Tcbaga Falnassa and Dje- bel El Roumana, about two miles apart and hidden from the coastal highway. There were the only high ground in Ihe balllc area and the British riflemen attacked them under a blazing eountcrfire. By 6 a.m. both hills were in British hands. Half an hour later the enemy tried to retake them but met a bloody repulse. By 6:30 a.m. all organized opposition in the area had ceased. There was no offieal information on how far the British had progressed after that, but the desert is flat for 30 miles lo Ihe north and afforded little opportunity for Rommel lo top and give battle. About 30 miles to the north his route of retreat lay between the litlle sail marsh, Chott Sebkrcl and the sea. Montgomery was said to have commented: "My troops fought splendidly. The fighting was as tough us anything we have encountered since El Alamcin." Allied patrols were active everywhere a:ong the front from the British First Army's sector in the north 10 the central sectors of (Continued on Page Two)

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