CLOUDY (Weather Report, Page 1-B) CITY EDITION 89th Year, No. 108 TWO SECTIONS 20 PAGES Eugene, Oregon, Monday, April 18, 1955 PHONE 6-1551 Price, 5 Cents LANE COUNTY'S HOME NEWSPAPER . . . Extensive Buildup' Of Red Air Power Reported by Dulles AUGUSTA, Ga. W) President Eisenhower has received y Intelligence information that the Chinese Communists are engaged in "an extensive buildup" of Red air power opposite Formosa, which the United States is committed to defend. Announcing this at Augusta Sunday after a conference with the President, Secretary of State Dulles told newsmen the buildup has "grave implications." He described it as: 1. "More intense and more broad in its scope" than the United States had been aware of until a few days ago. 2. A buildup which "indicates a higher degree of capa Prisoners End Singing Spree After 5 Days KLAMATH FALLS (f With the Night Owl Five silent, the jailer and some 40 inmates of the county jail here got their first good sleep in six days Sunday night. l The group, women prisoners serving terms for minor offenses, had been singing just for fun from dusk to dawn since Tuesday. But Sunday they agreed to quit after Sheriff Murray Bntton offered to restore their regular meals. Just in case they changed their minds, though, a fire hose was ready outside their cell. "They'd have been singing in the rain if they d started again said Britton. The young women had been on bread-and-water rations since they began their night-long chorusing of hillbilly and other quaint songs. As added punishment their bedding was taken from them later. Jailer Fred Calfee said they apparently were all in from five sleepless nights and after eating breakfast this morning, they curled up on their iron beds and went back to sleep. If they continue to behave Britton said, they may get their bedding back Monday night. " Although jailers and inmates were happy, their silence disappointed curious persons who gath ered outside the building in the hope of hearing the girls sing. One of the women, Phyllis Hill said her mother was embarrassed about their conduct and had written, bawling her out. The group refused to pose for pictures. "We've already had too much publicity," one said. , Asian Makes Morality Plea BANDUNG, Indonesia un In- doncsian President Achmad Soe-karno opened the 29-nation Asian-African conference Monday with a declaration that the two cun-Tlinents' population of more than a billion "can inject the voice of reason into world affairs." Sockarno, one of Asia's greatest orators, spoke slowly in flawless English. "Perhaps now more than at any other moment in history," he declared, "society, government and statesmanship need to be based upon the highest code of morality. "It is the subordination of everything to the well-being of mankind. "But today we are faced with a situation where the well-being of mankind is not always the primary consideration. Many who are in places of high power think, rather, of controlling the world." "We arc living in a world of fear," he continued, fear of the future, of the hydrogen bomb and of ideologies. "I hope this conference will give guidance to mankind. . . Will point out to mankind the way which it must take to attain safe-T ty and peace," he said. "I hope it will give evidence that Asia and Africa have been reborn, nay a new Asia and a new Africa have been born." RENTED . RIGHT AWAY The spcond party who answered the ad rented the rooms. TWO room, finished In knotty pine. Private bath. 0400. 000 Patteraon. Low Cost Register-Gaud ads wi bring you result , too. Just phone 51-5-51 for expert help In word lift year ad. ibility" on the part of on the part of the Communists to launch an attack "than we had been aware of a few weeks ago." In a formal statement after a two-hour meeting with the Presi dent Dulles said: 'GRAVE IMPLICATIONS' "In relation to China, we discussed the. grave implications of an extensive buildup, now in progress, by the Chinese Commu-i nists of offensive air power on the China mainland opposite Formosa." Dulles' elaboration on the buildup came at a brief news confer ence at a hotel after he had left the chief executive's vacation headquarters at the Augusta National Golf Club. His remarks and his prepared statement, which was approved by Eisenhower, stirred new interest in a prediction attributed last month to Adm. Robert B. Carney that the Reds would be capable of launching an assault on the Chinese Nationalist Matsu Islands by April 15. The prediction the Communists would be set for an attack on Quemoy, another off-shore island, about May 15 was also attributed to Carney. DENIES PREDICTION Carney, chief of naval opera tions, later flatly denied he ever made such a prediction. Some newsmen who attended a dinner where Carney expressed his views challenged the admiral's memory of what he said. Dulles' remarks Sunday ap pcared to raise a question wheth er a Communist attack in the For mosa Strait might jibe pretty closely with the timetable which figured in the Carney stories. Shortly after they were written last month Eisenhower said at a news conference he had no in formation indicating the Reds planned any early attack in the Formosa Strait. In an implied re buke to Carney, the President said talk about the possibility of war did nothing to advance the cause of peace. Dulles gave this summary of RED BUILDUP (Continued on Page 4-A) Local Students Named to Office (Picture, Page 9A) CORVALLIS UV-Dolores Bar-rell of Willamette High School, Eugene, Saturday was elected president of the Oregon Future Business Leaders of America. Named to serve with her were: Darlcne Syvcrson, Willamette High, vice president; Rosalie Zweifel, Tillamook, secretary; JoAnn Lunas, Creswell, treasurer; Patty Smyth, Grants Pass, reporter; and Kenneth Van Wagoner, Springfield, state sponsor. Myrtle Peterson of Willamette High School and Bob Gass, Grants Pass, were named outstanding business boy and girl. Jerry Searle, Cottage Grove, and Janice Reisser, Oswego, won honorable mention. Cottage Grove Boy Wins Trip A junior at Cottage Grove High School has won a trip to United Nations headquarters. He is William Vertrees, whose written essay and speech Satur day night were judged the best from a field of Lane County entrants in a contest sponsored by the Odd Fellows and Rcbekahs. Vertrees is one of 14 who will make the trip from Oregon. The topic was international re lations. Vertrees was a finalist in the recent state speech contest. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Vertrees, of 1236 Tyler St. in Cottage Grove. INSIDE TODAY Emeralds Lineup for opener. Page 2B. Women's News 6, 7A Editorials 8A Local News IB Sports 2, 3B Comics 4B Theatres 9A Radio. TV 5B Markets 5B Classified . 6-9B Store Owner Posts Reward Of $25,000 Portland Police Seek Extortionist PORTLAND, Ore. UP) The person who exploded an ex tortion DomD in a Dusy Portland department store still was at large Monday. But police hoped that a $25,000 reward offer for information leading to conviction of the bomber, would result in a quick arrest in the case. Authorities reported they had questioned "eight or ten persons who might have knowledge" of the explosion that rattled the Meier and Frank Co. store Fri day afternoon, slightly injuring two persons. DEMANDS $50,000 The blast, in a third floor rest room, came minutes after Aaron Frank had read a note demand ing $50,000. The note said a bigger explosion was set to go off before Saturday noon unless the money was paid. Frank, president and general manager of the firm, closed the 12-story building Saturday after police said efforts to make con tact with the extortionist had failed. A search of the store by 50 police failed to turn up any hidden explosives. Det. Capt. William Browne said he knew of no further efforts by the extortionist to reach Frank. Frank made the reward offer late Sunday night. TRIP TO EUGENE The big store re-opened Monday morning with extra police on duty. A representative of Frank followed a complicated set of instructions given in the extortion note. It led to a 25-mile-an-hour trip by taxi to Eugene, 125 miles south of here. The representa tive was to stop the cab and put $50,000 on the highway when signaled from the rear by a car which was to flash its lights tbrcc times. He complied with the instructions but no contact was made, Browne said. He added that he knew of no further efforts by the sender of the note to reach Frank. 7 Escapees Back in Jail PORTLAND Ul Seven men who escaped from the Multnomah County Jail at Rocky Butte Satur day by cutting the bars with an acetylene torch, were recaptured Sunday. Walter Chamberlain, 23, and Edward Aldridge, 18, were found hiding under a bed at the home of a friend. Lloyd Eddy, 16, and William Patrick, 24, were at the home of an ex-convict. Leon C. Johnson, 17, was picked up as he tried to hitch a ride near Oregon City. Also captured were Edward Trujillo, 23, and Victor Hanna, 18. Another prisoner, who escaped earlier, provided the torch the men used to cut their way to freedom, police said. He also was recaptured. (AP Wlrephoto KING SIZE BUBBLE BATH These innocent bubbles caused residents of a northeast Philadelphia section some troubled moments Sunday. Police received calls. Were they flying saucers? Pre-invasion missiles? Police finally traced the bubbles to this sewage purifying tank. An overdose of detergent was injected into the tank. It was ?ust like a housewife putting too much detergent into her wasjiing machine. When the agitator started the bubbles formed and formed. is (Register-Guard photo, Wiltshire eng.) OPPENHEIMER Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, famed nuclear physicist and friend of the late Albert Einstein, spoke Monday morning of the famed, white-haired physicist as the loss of a giant among sub-giants in the world of physics. Oppenheimer is the Condon lecturer at the University of Oregon Tuesday and Thursday evenings. , Oppenheimer Mourns Death of Dr. Einstein Albert Einstein was unique in the world of science, Robert Oppenheimer said in Eugene Monday. "I know some very great scientists but I don't know anyone like that," he said, Einstein, he explained, "was one of those rare scientists of whom it cannot be said that if he hadn't done it, . Eisenhower Praises Friend President Eisenhower, commenting on the death Monday of ur. AiDcrt tmstein, said "no other man contributed so much to the vast expansion of twentieth century knowledge." "For 22 years, the United States has been the free-chosen home of Albert Einstein," Eisenhower said at Augusta, Ga. "For 15 years, he has been a citizen of the United States by his own free and deliberate choice. Americans welcomed him here. Americans are proud, too, that he sought and found here a climate of freedom in his search for knowledge and truth. "No other man contributed so much to the vast expansion of twentieth century knowledge, yet no man was more modest in the possession of the power that is knowledge, more sure that power without wisdom is deadly. To all who live in the nuclear age, Albert Einstein exemplified the mighty creative ability of the individual in a free society." Mrs. Eisenhower also sent a personal message of sympathy to Einstein's daughter, Margot Einstein, at Trinccton, N. J. Former President Truman said that this nation and the world have "suffered a great loss" in the death of Albert Einstein. - Ir 3 , "m. .V' i n il I'll I ii i i'iiiiii ! l r someone else would have it would have been a long, long time. Oppenheimer arrived in Eugene by plane from Seattle where he had been told of the death of his friend and neighbor. He was visibly shaken. Speaking of atomic physics and Einstein's relation to them, he said: "He made the foundations of the physics we now have . . . . Between 1905 and 1925 he did a series of incredible things that just tore down into the darkness and let the light spread." There still are giants in the world of physics, he said, "but they are sub-giants." Scientific research, , he com mented, is going on at a great pace. He said that the discov eries of the past year have been "very exciting.." The most ex citing, he noted, may have been the finding of DNA, "the basic genetic substance." This doubtless will be put to great use, he said. Oppenheimer, a slight man in a porkpie hat, relaxed in the Eu gene Hotel after his plane trip from the East Coast. Although it was 11 a.m. he ordered a beer, saying, "it's afternoon for me." The man who is considered one of the world's leading atomic physicists said he accepted the University of Oregon's invitation to speak "because there are many things people want to know about my field, and because I've never really had a chance to look over this part of the world . . . and partly because the invitation was renewed so cordially during my trouble last spring." But he declined to lalk about that trouble which involved withdrawal of his security clearance. He was in charge of the early development of Ihc atomic bomb and now heads Princeton's Institute of Advanced Studies. He predicted that "Within 15 years there will be an awfully lot of atomic power" for commercial use and said that much of the public fretting about the dangers from bomb tests is "Red, Communist propaganda." But, he said, "the very fact that there was a controversy shows that we aren't sure." He said that his big concern about atomic warfare is "what happens to peoples' (the survivors) spirit and lives. At the university, he will speak twice. The first talk, at I p.m. Tuesday "will formulate the questions." The second talk, at the same time Thursday night, "will show how we may be able to find the answers." Both will be on Ihc composition of matter, and both will be delivered in the Student Union. Both talks will be open to the public without charge. Battle Breaks Uneasy Truce SAIGON, South Viet Nam W Binh Xuyen troops shattered Saigon's uneasy truce Monday, firing on vehicles of the national army. The army said one of its soldiers was killed and another kidnaped. The national forces loyal to embattled Premier Ngo Dinh Diem went on an immediate alert. An army spokesman said Gen. Paul Ely, French commission-general for Vict Nam, and his chief of staff. Gen. Alain Gam-bjez, had hastened to headquarters to insist that the aroused national troops refrain from retaliating. The army reported three incidents, two of them within 200 yards of the army headquarters. The army and Binh Xuyen finally fought a 10-minute battle. Famed Mathematician Dies After Brief Illness i& 1 ' ALBERT Inicllccuial High Court Clackamas WASHINGTON W The Su-, preme Court Monday ordered dis missal 7-2 of an action by Clack amas County, Ore., against the secretaries of agriculture and interior in a controversy over Western Oregon timber land. The dismissal was requested by the Justice Department in a peti tion filed with the high tribunal. I no petition said the case was not moot that is, it no longer had a live issue for judicial decision. Red Hungary Chief Purged BUDAPEST, Hungary 11 Hungary's Communist party made public Monday its long-expected purge of Premier lmre Nagy. Former Deputy Premier Andras Hegedus was elected to succeed him as head of the government. The Hungarian Parliament elected Hegedus in a session Monday snortly after a party announcement said Nagy had been fired ai:d stripped of all party posts for causing "grave damage to the party, to the people's democracy ami to our social building." The brief announcement also sa'd Mihaly Farkas had been ousted from the party's five-man secretariat for supporting Nagy's ideas and expelled from the parti's political comittce and central lmcadership (the central comittce). Nagy's formal ouster had been iticipatcd ever since the party's central committee rebuked him five weeks ago for "right wing deviationism." The 58-year-old leader had espoused the new look emphasis on consumer goods which the Communist countries r.ickly discarded when Gcorgi Malcnkov was demoted from Russia's premiership. Senate Committee to Probe Al Serena Mining Controversy By A. ROBERT SMITH Rejtliter-Giiard Corrfupondent WASHINGTON A Congressional investigation of the Al Serena mining case in Rogue River National Forest has been launched by the .staff of the Senate Interior Committee. Sen. Richard L. Neubcrgcr (D-Orc) requested the probe and said he expected the committee would be prepared to hold public hearings in the field, probably at Med-ford, this fall. Neubcrgcr is a member of the committee. ALABAMA COMPANY The case involves a controversial decision of the DcpaiOnent of Interior granting patents to a Mobile, Ala., mining comparator 23 mining claims located in Rogue River National Forest, Jackson County. The Forest Service emteed Die nyieralizalion of 15 of the 23 claims, contctfing that only eight of thelaims were valid under the minin? statutes. After asjays m mineral deposits taken frffi the contested 15 EINSTEIN Giant Dismisses O & C Suit The Supreme Court's action was announced in an unsigned order, which agreed the case was not moot. Justices Burton and Harlan dissented. Involved in the case were 462,- 000 acres of timber land, receipts of some 7 million dollars from the salo of timber on the land, and long-standing dispute over whether the acreage is part of the Orcgqn lc California Railroad land grant or the national forests. Clackamas, one of the 18 Western Oregon counties in which the land lies, sought in its action: 1. To compel the secretary of the interior to take jurisdiction over the acreage as part of the O&C grant from which counties receive 75 per cent of timber sale receipts. m i. 10 compel me secretary to distribute receipts, impounded during the administrative controversy, in accordance with an O&C act of 1937. 3. To enjoin the secretary of agriculture from asserting any claim to jurisdiction over the land. The action was dismissed in U.S. District Court here, on request of the government. The county appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia and won a reversal of the district court's order! The Justice Department then appealed to the Supreme Court and asked dismissal of the litigation. Baseball NATIONAL LEAGUE Chicago inn 000 000 1 8 0 Milwaukee .. O0OOOO02X 2 6 1 Harker it Chltl; Buhl, Johnion L. Crandall. PIKubureh 000 010 002 3 0 0 New York . ... 20! ftOO lOx 12 15 1 Surkont, Grumwald (4), Kace (4), Pepper ft) & Shepard; Ltd die, Grla- som (9) & Wefttrum. i Brooklyn it Philadelphia, night. I Cincinnati at St. I-nuU, night. ' AMERICAN I.EAOUK New York at Baltimore, night. i Cleveland at Kn City, night. Only gamea irheduled. 1 claims showed negative results, the Bureau of Land Management ruled in favor of the Forest Service and denied thc'Al Serena Company bid for patents in 1951. 'The company later appealed this Manslaughter Trial Opens in The Dulles THE DALLES Cfl The manslaughter trial of Joseph War ren rcrguson, Mosicr, openedj here Monday in Circuit Judge I Malcolm W. Wilkinson's court. 9 rcrguson is accused in the shrayimjof Charley Edi Eaton Partlann commercial artist, last Dec. 20, while the two hyitelf lor acer out oi scasgt 13 miles southeast of The Dalles. Eaton body was foid after Fcuson ffid reported lhatiis brother-in-law had failed to return from a trip in the woods south of Mosieft Ferguson said he acAJcntSlly shot the artist. Death Claims Shy Scholar In New Jersey PRINCETON, N. J. (JB- Albert Einstein, who became internationally famous at 26 for his theory of relativity, died Monday after a four-day illness. The 76-year-old world-acclaimed cientist died at Princeton Hospi tal at 1:15 a.m. of a rupture of the main artery of the body caused by hardening of the arteries. A man who shunned publicity. Einstein had entered the hospital Friday. Only his intimates knew he was ill. His death first was attributed to a gall bladder condition, but an autopsy showed differently. The shy, white-haired scholar was credited with makjng possible the atomic bomb by disclosing a small quantity of matter could produce vast amounts of energy. Einstein stood as probably the foremost theoretical mathemati cian and physicist in the world. As recently as 1950, he published a monumental mathematical treatise, the unified field theory. This was hailed as a daring ty-j of mathematics which sought to describe the forces of the universe in a set of equations. At the time of his death, Ein stein was a professor emeritus at the institute for Advanced Study, comprised of world-famous schol ars and headed by Dr. Robert Oppenheimer. During his late years, he was outspoken in many causes far re moved from the realm of theoretical physics. On several occasions he advised witnesses called before congressional subversive investigations committee that they had a duty to refuse to answer questions. Einstein asked the President for commutation of the death sentence of Julius and Ethel Ros- EINSTEIN DIES (Continued on Page 4-A) Newport Man Back on Trial NEWPORT, Ore. W Richard Thomson went on trial here Monday for the second time on a charge of attempting to kill his business partner. He was convicted in February of last year of assault with intent to kill James Meuler, 31, who was associated with him in an automobile agency. Thomson was sentenced to 20 years In prison but was released on bail last December when the State Supreme Court ordered a new trial. Meuler testified at the first trial that Thomson hit him on the head with a length of pipe and then sent him in an automobile over a cliff. Meuler was injured seriously but recovered. Thomson at first pleaded guilty and waived preliminary hearing. Later he change his plea to innocent. The original plea was admitted as evidence at the first trial. The Supreme Court ruled it should not have been and ordered the new trial. decision to the then Secretary of Interior, Oscar Chapman, who failed to rule on it before he left office in Jan. 1953. After Secretary of Interior Douglas McKay succeeded Chapman, tho case was reviewed by Interior Solicitor (now Undersecretary) Clarence A. Davis and the original BLM decision was overturned in favor of the company Jan. 4, 1954. giving Al Serena Company title to all 23 clatms. URGED INVESTIGATION When Sen. Wayne Morse last fall sa he would urge an investigation of a possible "give-away" 0 federal timber in this case, company officials said they would welcome the Inquiry. Rep. Harris Ellsworth (R-Ore) who interceded for the company in obtaining the Interior review of the ise, fcis repeatedly defended thefinal decision. He called crit-icTSm of the case by Oregon Democrats last year "one of the cheapest political smear attempts ever known in Oregon."
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