Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 6, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope ..VOLUME 44—NUMBER 147 Star The Weather Arkansas: Warmer this afternoon, warmer tonight except little iernperalure change in northwest portion. Star ol Hope, 1899; Prc'.s, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, APRIL 6, 1943 (AP)—Moons Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Mass Air Raids Continue Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN War-Time No Time for Debts "' An OWI Inflation Study "Battle Stations for All" is the title of a hancl-book just issued by the Office of War Information on the subject of organizing the Home Front against the danger of a rising cost £f living and inflation. Thc C . ISCK of |)osl . wm . CU1TC1U . V Japanese Base Blasted for 3 Hours by Allies Allied Headquarters in Australia, April 7-—-(/!')—Allied medium bombers pounded fur three hours yesterday at the air field and surround- "ig urea on Buka island at the northern tip of the Solomons in the heaviest of a series of raids on a halfsc'jre of Japanese bases in the Southwest Pacific. A communique from Gen. Mac Arthur's headquarters also reported that Allied airmen had scored near misses with 500 pound bombs on a 4,000-ton Japanese cargo ship at Sckar Bay in Dutch New Guinea, but said the damage could not be assessed. ' i The Buka attack described as ''an extended night harassing raid." brought a shower of fragmentation and demolition bombs down on the heads of the Japanese at Chinatown and Kakil, near Buka, and struck .dispersal bays and runways at the '-Airfield, leaving "apparently burning" aircraft, the announcement said. All the Allied planes returned from the. Buka foray, where extensive nnli - aircraft fire, and search ^/(Jhts^were encountered, ynd Ihc^ communique mentioned no losses from the other wide sweeping sorties. Meanwhile, Japanese warships and merchant vessels clung slub- -bornly to the neighborhood ot Ka- v'ieg, New Ireland, despite a three day Allied bomber pounding which was reported yesterday to have "destroyed or dispersed" one concentration. Allied airmen sank or severely 'amagccl seven enemy warcraft and five cargo ships in the Kavicng raids but. reconnaissance yesterday disclosed both warships and merchantmen were iu the area again. A light cruier, probably one ..of those hit Sunday, was reported 'aground onto the beach. Thc air field at Salamaua, one of the principal Japanese bases on the northeast coast of New Guinea, was bombed again yesterday. post-war currency * inflation in Germany and ilus.sij are 1 discussed but briefly. What we face in America is less dramatic bul just as dangerous. It is not probable that with America's huge physical resources we shall ever sec the day when our money and bonds are worthless. But the misconduct of individuals during a war-time "boom" exacts a fearful price of those individuals after the boom is over. The OWI book gives considerable attention lo this phase of thj inflation suu- Senate Group Forces Wickard, Brown to Testify —Washington Washington. April (i —(/)')— The Senate Agriculture Committee brought Price Administrator Pren- liss Brown before it for testimony today under threat of subpoena and then voted to excuse him until Thursday morning. Brown and Secretary of Agriculture Wickard agreed to appear after Chairman Smith (D-SC) described their failure t Negro Youth Charged With Sabotage Liltlc Hock, April 0 —(/l'i— Morgan Meek, 1-year-old Negro em- ploye of the Southern Cotton Oil mill, loday laced Arkansas' first wartime sabotage charge, placed against him last night by the Fcd- ral Bureau of Investigation for an alleged attempt lo burn Ihe mill' plant hero last week. FBI agent in Charge Fred Hallford, who -filed the charge, said Meeks signed a slalement saying he poured kerosene on a wall of the plant and set lire to it because his employers "forced him to work in the rain." Thc blaze was discovered and extinguished before it caused serious damage. The federal sabotage charge is I punishable by a $10,000 fine or 30 . , , ' a|>pc! ![' us " years imprisonment or both, refusal and raised the possibility of subpocnaeing them. The commit Ice mel lo consider Pace costs jcct. I quote the following: "Many people seem to like to go into debt when they have jobs that are paying them high wages, when prices are high. Looking at their weekly pay envelope, they probably figure. 'It will be easy to pay off that debt.' But the worst possible time to go into debt is when everything is booming. "Marriner ,S. tv'fles. i hair- man of the Federal Reserve Board, was always known as one of the advocates of liberal spending during the depression. This is what he says about going into debt now. 'When iu- conics are at high levels, that is the time when people should reduce their debts or gel out of debt. 1 "A dollar of new debt contract this year, unless promptly repaid, remains a- dollar of debt to be repaid after the war. But how different a dollar it becomes! . . . "Farmers were the worst victims in this respect in the last war. "During the war, prices were high, land values soared, and farmers plunged deep into debt. After the war, prices fell, land values collapsed, but the debt remained. It even increased. Agriculture's interest bill swelled from 476 million dollars in 1010 to G53 million in 1021. Simultaneously, the farmer's cash income was dropping from M.ti billion dollars to 8.2 billions. In 1015 about (M million bushels of corn would have paid the interest on all farm mortgages in Iowa. In 1021 it took 210 million bushels." Thai's the kind of writing that makes a complicated subject as plain as daylight. Let's quit thinking about the in- C the idminisrlalion -opposed bill to include farm labor in computations of parity prices, even as the Senate approached a vole on overriding President Roosevelt's veto of the Bankhead bill to prohibit deduction of government benefit payments before fixing parity price ceilings. The author of the latter bill, Senator jjaiikhead iD-Ala>, said today the outcome of the attempt lo override is in doul.it. "Disrespect toward a Senate committee" was charged lo Brown and Wickard by Chairman Smith, but aides of the two officials denied this. Manning Shaw, executive assistant to Hi-own, told reporters lie hai sought to have the price adminis- traloi excused from appearing before the committee today because of oilier engagements, and suggested lh.it he appear later in the week, preferably Thursday. Shaw said he talked yesterday with 1C. D. Smith, Jr., secretary of the committee and son of Senator Smith, explaining that Brown had engagements today with out-of- town people. At Ihe. Agriculture Department an aide said Secretary Wickard. upon 'learning that Price Administrator Brown and Food Administrator Davis did not plan to appear today, asked the committee to allow him delay in giving his esli- mony until tne other officials appeared. The aide said Wickard thought Knox Reveals Heavier Losses by Submarines Washington, April G — (/Pj —Secretary Knox said loday allied ship losses in the Alanlic were considerably worse in March than in February, due to intensified operations of German submarines. February was one of the best months of the war to dale, and j Knox's comment was not regarded as indicating a new peak in sink- ings had been reached, bul simply that Ihe bailie of the Atlanlich had taken a turn for Ihe worse. Thc secretary gave no estimate of the total number of U - boats the Nazis had thrown into their spring offensive, but he said that "jusl as we expected and as I said it would be, there are more German subs out there." "They've changed their tactics more or less," he added disclosing what new tactics had been observed. "The situation is serious and a tough one. Nobody is a bit complacent about it. The U - boats are concentrating in the middle Atlantic, the secretary said, along the shipping roules from the Uniled Slales to England and to the Mediterranean. To counter the U - boat offensive the postponement was agreeable with the committee. i | I,, the hectic hour that preceded j Brown's appearance, Chairman Smi'h i D-SC' 1 had announced the "r.-fusal" of the t.wo officials to appear lor testimony on the measure, which Brown has attacked as "highly inflationary." The committee went into a closed session from which Senator Aiken UiVti emerged subsequently to Red Offensive in Kuban Area Meets Success —Europe By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, April fj —</Pi—The Red Army's growing offensive in the Kuban delta continued today with new successes against the German who are fighting back stubbornly in an attempt to hold their ridge- head along the Black Sea coast in the North Caucasus. The midday communique said the Russians shelled large German clo- fcnc positions with big Soviet guns, detroying more than GO enemy firing points. An earlier dispatch said the Red Army had fought its way "into a strip of territory strongly fortified by the enemy," another reference to the major objective. The Germans now hold no more than 7.500 -square miles in the Kuban and daily they are losing more. The Soviet map of the entire front published last week showed the Russian line beginning at Novoros- sik. This and current dispatches show it possible for the Red Army already to be giving the Nazis at the Black Sea port added worries. (The German high command communique, broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press, claimed that the Russians had dic.ountcd attacks on the Kuban bridgehead "in consequence of losses suffered on the day before." ("Fighting activity of local importance only," it said, "was reported from the remaining front sectors."i The Kuban country offers many natural obstacles to speedy progress, including salty marches and wamp. The Kuban river is wise an_d at this time of year overflows its banks, flooding or washing away many roads. South of Ix.yum, the Germans kept up their sharp attacks on Soviet positions along the Donets river. Their tanks were aided by dvie-bombcrs but achieved no material success. The Russians met Today's War Map rthSea m- BRITAIN -I COLOGNE ST.NAZAIRI FRANCE • BORDEAUX VICHY 8th Army Said Ready to Resume Tunisia Drive —Africa the United Slates is rushing con- | cvcrv ',„., c wi)h ., counlcraUack , siruclion of a Heel of destroyer cs- j coal i nlli , lg , ho m!iu ,ing they have Policy Reveals Post War on Currency BY GEORGE CULLEN Washington, April G — (/I 1 ) — A broad outline of the administration's program to stabilize postwar -currencies took form today a.s Secretary of the Treasury Morgcnthau went lo Congress to tell more about proposals which he says may be a factor in winning the war. The secretary outlined at a clos- f\d session of three senate committees yeterday a plan lo tie world currencie lo gold, establish an international stabilization fund of perhaps 35, 000, 000, 000 and by mutual agreement pul an end to compcli- 'ive currency wars among nations. flation danger as .something only j yiiy that Brown and Wickard had concerning the federal treasury, | been informed Ihat if they did not and think about il in terms of our- j appear they would be served with selves. If our way of life is such that we don't get hurl personally, the country, being the average of all of us, will come out all right, loo. subpoenas and forced lo do so. Brown arrived on the scene a few minu'.es later, but Wcikard was not on hand. Alth.mgh Mrown said he was OWI's chapter on going into debt i ready to testify, the committee dc- in war-time is just plain horse-1 oided il did not have time to hear sense—and regardless of all tne j him fully before noon, when the patent-leather 1 formulas that have j Senate had arranged lo begin de- been hurled at us in the immediate past you can bet your bottom dollar thai if this warning is disregarded loday there'll be a headache for somebody tomorrow. I given Ihe large force of German cort ships. Knox said the rate of Uiunchings now is very good and j during , ho offensive in this sector. that a lack ot engines to put into I the hulls is being overcome. Assessing and Tax Payment Deadline Near No Immediate Results in Election Probe Hot Spring, April (i (/Ti Cir- cuil Judge Earl Wilt's request thai the Garland county grand jury in vestigale reports of alleged election These, proposals, wh.chhe.de,, f — lari^'he,, ,„£ cribed to members of the Senate Foreign Relations, B u n king and Currency, and Postwar Economy and Planning committees in extra , .ordinary session, will be discussed '-in fulhcr detail by the secretary today with members of the House Foreign Affairs, Coinage, Weights and Measures, and Banking and Currency committees. Later today, Morgenthau told reporters, he will make public full details of the tentative proposals for postwar currency stabilization which the treasury has submitted to Ihe 34 nations Ihat have been invited lo send representatives here ,^to discuss the problem. ' Report from London said an inter - allied conference on currency problems was scheduled in Washingoln this month, but Morg- enthau said no date had been sel for a formal meeting. He said Unit- )jd Nations •'technicians" would confer with A m e r i c a n officials whenever they can arrange traiis- poration to tnis country. The U.S. government gets re- •yiuced rates from most railroads, Hjccause of Ihe Federal land grants which helped, finance their early development. summer brought no immediate results. The grand jurv ad,- .urncd subject to call last night after a one-day sitting, returned three indictments and made no report on Ihc election investigation. The indcilments were not made public because the principals were not in custody. After Ihe examining county election officials and impounded ballot boxes from a number of precincts. Ihe federal grand jury March 5 in Fort Smith reported thai no federal la\\' had been violated, but that "facts point to violations of state laws." In directing the grand jury to make its investigation. Judge Will said that the report of alleged irregularities had been called to his attention through newspaper articles. bul that "no specific violations of any specific law has been brought to my attention." "People of Garland county have just as much pride in the conduct of elections as those of any other county in Arkansas." Judge Will said. "They are entitled to fair and impartial electoins." Carl Miles, chairman of the Garland county election committee, is a member of the grand jury. bate on the Bankhead veto. When the group agreed to delay Brown's testimony until Thursday, the 1 price administrator remarked: "Mr. Chairman, I'll be here on the dot." At 11:15 a. m. Wickard walked inlcj the committee room and members discussed with him his appearance .it a future date. Few Voters Cast Ballots in City Today The city of Hope's runoff primary election was held loday but few realized it as only about a couple of dozen had cast ballots up to noon. Six democratic nominees were reelected without opposition. Five were without opposition in the Democratic preferential election on February )H. In the only contested race incumbent Albert Graves received a sweeping majority over his two opponents. W. S. Atkins and 'Thc deadline for assessing 1043 laxes and for payment of Ihc first installment of HJ42 taxes will expire this Saturday, April 10. Notices by Sheriff and Collector Frank ,I. Hill and Assessor C. Cook have warned taxpayers to act this week to avoid ncnt'ltic- '"" ' INtA icicmap) Today's war map pictures the weekend targets of the RAF and USAAF'in Europe, Mediterranean areas and- Africa,including big raids on Keil, Paris, Naples and Cagliary. • Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April 6 (/P)— Allied aircraft shot down 18 big Axis air transports and destroyed 13 fighters besides blowing up an enemy destroyer in sweeps over a convoy in the Sicilian Straits yseterday. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters announced today. While Allied ground troops engaged in intense patrol activity all along the front, but without participating in any major battles, the continued burst of aerial warfare look the RAF's Wellington bombers oven«Trapani in western Sicily and railway largets at Sfax in Eastern Tunisia Sunday night and a large number of Flying Fortresses over strategic enemy airfields in both Sicily and Tunisia, the communique said. Docks and shipping at Trapani were blasted, the announcement added, and many aircraft were destroyed and hangars set ablaze in the Fortress forays. Besides blov. ing up the destroyer in the attack on convoys, medium bombers scored direct hits on several other vessels, the communique said. In these operations and during sweeps over the fighting zone the Allies shot down 48 enemy planes; in a day of furious activity, while losing 12 of their own, the. announcement concluded. (A airo communique said Naples was raided at dusk Sunday by bombers from the desert air force which rekindled flames left by a 100 Flying Fortress assault from the Northwestern African air force a few hours earlier. Other heavy; bombers from the desert smashed at Palermo in Sicily, scoring hit?- r iftAr-'-ffi^j^fbulldftig^IJte^afi* Armed Italians Oppose Nazis Farm Labor Supply Will Be Adequate Washington, April 6 —i/l'i—Things I should be looking up down on the farm loday. Faced with a shortage of hired hands and the biggest world food needs in history, the nalion's farmers had it straight from Agriculture Secretary Wickard that a back-tothc-farm wing is under way, and from Mannowcr Commissioner Paul V. McNult that the farm labor supply will be adequate. In addition, the slate department said recruiting for importation of -„ _, , ... , 10,000 Jamaican agriculture work- Mr. Cook will keep the tax as- , eR . f(j) . f . mn j()bs wjn sUu . t ncx , sessor s otlice at Ihc courthouse | wt , e j. open every night this week, he has A ^ d mo S enale Appropriations announced. committee hiked a House-approved ——•«—• fund for the supply and distribu- About three-fourths of all sports \ lion of farm labor from $20,000,000 equipment now being manufac- ! to $40,000,000 and wrote in a pro- lured goes to members of the arm- vision thai old as;e assistance reein- ed services and to those receiving ienls who take paid farm jobs pre-induction military training. ' won't lose their benefit payments. Kaiser Plans to Build Huge Planes That Can Fly Non-Stop Around World Portland, Ore.. April G — -i.-Vi— A rlc.slnie'i.-.., ihal were visited on gigantic cargo plane capable of Pearl Harbor. flying almost threefourlhs of the [ ..j t will b[ , ,, n ; ,j n ,i anc „[ the way around the world without slop- future, but I want to start building il now for war. 11 can be built now. 1 inter.d i<> build now, while the war is still i aging." Kaiser de- m Bern. Switzerland, April (i — (/P) — Italian armed with machine guns opposed Nazi orders in a former unoccupied zone of controlled by the France Italians and through their intervention prevented the transfer to Germany of 100 American and British citizens, a frontier dispatch lo the Gazette dc Lausanne said today. On March 20 it was reported here Pounding by Allied airmen. Nazi Shipping Off France Hit by RAF Lou ton, April 6 — (/T) — RAF Fighters and Roayal Navy planes attacked enemy shipping off the French coast last night, damaging three mechant vessels and two small escorting craft, the air ministry news service announced today, but Germany and occupied Europe apparently were given a repite afler 72 hours of terrific that French police, in compliance with Nazi demands, rounded up about 3,600 British and American citizens, including women, in the former Vichy-controlled part of France. Today's dispatch to the Gazette said 100 of these had been gathered at Grenoble, where they were to be put on a train for Lyon, the first lap of the trip lo Germany. The Lausanne newspaper said the Italians intervened, declaring they were responsible for foreigners in the territory they occupied, and forced the French mobeli guards to withdraw. It Was reported the British and Americans were held a few hours in a barracks and then were told by the Italians they were free lo go home. Since then there have been no arrests of Britisn or Americans in the territory occupied by the Italians, the dispatch added. Draftee Prospects Want Quick Action Conway. April G (/Pi— Though the April draft quota for Faulkner county had been cancelled, a num- ; her of prospective draftees insist' ed on induction last Friday and i 10 were accepted by the armed One Navy plane, the news service said, bombed one medium and two small ships about 10 miles north of Dieppe, hitting Ihe largel with all its bombs and setting the leading crafl afire. Four enemy "R - boals" were reported attacked with cannon-fire near Le TTournct, and flashes of flame were said to have followed hits on two oi them. RAF Fighter planes returned over Ihe channel from the direction of .N'olhcrn France today, indicating new attacks on Ihc German occupied continent. Bombers also were believed to have been among the planes but Ihey were hidden in clouds and only the heavy hum of their motors could be heard. U. S. Army headquarters announced loday thai photographs showed Fortresses and Liberators nouncement said. (Besides the air offensive to smash Marshal Erwin Rommel's air transport lines, the admiralty in London announced that light Naval forces, prowling along the Tunisian coast, Wednesday night, had scored a success against a sea convoy, sniking one supply ship and probably sinking another out of a heavily guarded three - ship formation. (The Italian high command claimed today that an Allied.attack by ground troops had been repulsed, but the Algiers radio in a broadcast heard in London said United States troops continued to advance slightly east of 51 Guetar and the German - controlled Paris radio said these American forces were being constantly reinforcef. (The Paris broadcast said the Americans "seem to be preparing for a major opration." -' > (Th Italian admitted that ''considerable damage" resulted, form the raids on Palermo and Tr'apani, and said the districls of Marsala, (Continued on Page Two) —, • • » »• 45 Russian Seamen Are Rescued Seaitle, Wash., April G —• (ff) — Forty-five Russian seamen and nine women crew members of their merchant ship were rescued from , the sea in a 24-hour operation de- made many direct hits on the Erla- scribed by tne Coast Guard as one iihmp pnmnp works in the Antwero ,-* <i-_ ' _. ^iff. u. ..t plane engine works in Ihe Antwerp raid yesterday and that the resulting iircs burned out the main building. Many olher buildings were set afire and heavy explosives damaged several parts of the plant. The nearby Government photo- grapic products plant northwest of the Erla works, also was hit and the main building set afire. of the most difficult ever attempted. The ship was one of two small Russian vessels which the Navy Department reported yelerday to have run aground off the North Pacific coast, of the United States. The rescue was made last Friday. One woman of the ship's crew was lost in an attempted lifeboat launching. Another was injured K. P. Young, to be mayor. Aldermen Lawrence Martin. Syd McMatli. died Hall and Frank Trimble, and city treasurer Charles Kuynerson were re-elected without opposition. As no candidate filed for ilie city attorney's office the Hope city council appointed Steve Carrigan temporarily. Since the French acquired Ca.sa- blanca an years ago they have spent more than $05,000,000 on harbor improvements. Nine million '-..-inch lambs' wool pelts are needed eaeii year lo make foals for U. S. fliers. ping — that's the latest Henry J. Kaiser scheme. The nation's No. I shipbuilder, now entering the airplane field, said today his engineers were drawing up pians for such a plane, renominated ! an< ^ ne t-o uld be in production be- 1 fore the war ends. He added that government and military agencies have nol yet seen the plans. As projected by his engineers, j Ihe ship would dwarf even Hie Army's huge transports and four- motored bombeis. The Erla plant was a small tar- severc ]y. ... , ,.et compared with the great Ken- A Coast Guard parly had to blaze services, Ihe county draft board re- au lt factory outside Paris so sue- I t ,. ial 1hrough Uvo miles of wood . clarcd. E. (J. Koppen. formerly of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology faculty, retained by Kasier I as his chief ;aid if a plane's wing surface is ! doubled. Ihe carrying capacity is I cubed. Tiiis is, Ihe principle in the | Kaiser plane, he said. He added ihal Ihe ship as ten- \-ealed today. Special permission was obtained from State Selective Service head- ••nariers lo indue! them this month. Four were accepted by the Army and six by the Navy. The April quota for Faulkner and onautical engineer, j ., number of other counties which | had consistently filled both their i quota and uver - call were cancelled last week by State Selective Service htadquailers. 1'. is conceived a.s a 21)2 foot fly- jlatively planned would be built of i ing wing, without body without tail. , "'Kl'l metal.--, chiefly magnesium. I Four engines developing 8.000 horsepower would power the craft. Fully loaded, it would weigh 175,000 pounds. "Loaded whli milv fuel, il will be able to fly 17,000 ' miles without •^topping." Kaiser told the Columbia Empire Industries. Inc., lust night in a speech. "Lnadid with furl and bomb:-, it can bruis to Tokyo the havoc and Koppt-ii said the great craft could be expeeled to carry 08.000 pounds of cargo 4,000 miles. A similar size plane of conventional design he pounds. Kaiser I'nmmcnled that "radi- Mother, 6 Children Burn to Death cessfully bombed by American ue- rail fighters Sunday, but is an important depot for repairing single- engiiiid German fighter planes op- eralinH on the western front. In peacetime. Hie plant manufactured Minerva automobiles. Although many continental radio siHtions went off the air dm-inti the night, suggesting that RAF bombers might again be overhead, Ihe British failed to issue the early morning report which usually follows any major aerial operations. Britain, which has been alert for ed country to reach a precipice from which a thin line fashioned of shoestrings and torn cloth tossed to the vesel far below possible German rerisals. ; had a raid - irce night. also Greenville. Miss., April U — tA't — Mrs. Eniest R. Peyton, 26, and her added, could carry 42,000 | six children ranging in ages from ! one to nine years, burned lo death laic last night in a fire Scientists in India who worked on Hie problem of warm clothing for the growing Indian Army discovcr- dc- | cd a process of treating cotton cloth cully new principles, giving new ;s: troy 3d their four room tarm home j with the seeds of two native trees, economies of production and operation" would be incorporated in the near Catchings. Miss. Tlie father, was working janfi have produce! a finished pro- 'di'i.'t thai is warm. soft, and dur- pljne. Detail,; wore nol diiekucd. j btillduzvr operator ncdi' Grenada. | able. was on Ihe rock. A heavier line was returned. It was too long a pull to the top of the rock from which the coast guardsmen looked down upon the battered vessels like observers viewing the sidewalk from a tall building. The survivors were pulled half way '.ip lo a cave. While the waves thundered against the rocks and stranded ship below, the pull to the top was completed. Then the party had to be lowered to the beach on Ihe opposite side of the cliff for the long tramp through swampy terrain to a highway. The ship was expected lo be a toial loss. No details were known here of the other Russian freighter reported ajivund, by Ihc Navy. o. &^*^^

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