Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 23, 1954 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, January 23, 1954
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Our Daily Bread Sliced thin by the Editor —i——Altx. H. Washburn Prance, and the Jam She Now Finds Herself in The most devastating picture of an old and dying civilization was given me by Ernest O. Hauser in fcfa January 2 Saturday Evening Post article Called "The French Are in it a Jam." The highlights are "musf'read- ing for every American who wonders just how it is that once-great and powerful democracies finally ( come apart at the seams and sink into the sea of oblivion. Mr. Hauser t,irst describes the plight of French labor: "The problem ... is not one of stark poverty ... It exists, ' sure enough, but the average worker's plight is more complex than that. What causes his irritation, and sometimes his despair, is that, however hard he drives himself, the sweat of Hope 4S*fl* *r"fr "i^% 55TH YEAR: VOL. 55 — NO. 83 Star of Hop. 1899, Pratt 1»a> Contolldattd Jan. II, 1»« HOPE, ARKANSAS, SAtUfcbAY, JANUARY 23,1954 Member: thn Ajsotl&ted Press & Audit Bureau 6f AY. Net Paid Orel, t Mo*. ErttflnS Sept. 30, 1«M his brow yields nothing more 'ban the bare essentials of a humdrum life ... "His wife would like to make her own dresses, but he couldn't think of getting her a sewing ^ machine. A private bathroom, * a motorcycle, a refrigerator are the stuff dreams are made of. He feels abandoned — by"• his union, by his employers, by the government, all of whom .promised him a better life." What's wrong with France? Is she physically too poor to do belter lor her own people? Mr. Hauser finds the trouble is not that — but rather a tight circle of stupidity and selfishness that exists .all through French industry and ^merchandising. Everything is fair-traded, organized to maintain the highest prices and the lowest production. Hauser picks up the story from here: ' ; "The producer, snug in the • lee of a protective customs wall, has no trouble marketing ' .his wares at home, at prices up to 20 per cent above the European level. He likes to play . the game close to his chest. ,Jn '):•• contrast to the American industrialist, who operates in an expanding market and who believes in expanding it still further by selling more goods more cheaply, he prefers selling 10 articles at 100 francs apiece to selling 100 articles at 10 francs apiece. Keeping his investment low and his profits high, he cuts down his risk. And risk is what he is afraid of." -.., There's your story, on France — ''a nation so self-conscious^ about social security '{hat it'has strangled production and commerce until the French working people have been driven literally to the brink of revolt. Thaw Brings i Torrents in Australia VIENNA, AUSTRIA, -- (UP) Thawing Alpine snows sent torrents of ' icy water the lowlands crashing today into of Western Austria where avalanches last week killed more than 120 person. The level of the Kanube river at Viena swelled more than six feet sf- in 24 hours. Bridges, roads and some outlying houses were reported damaged by rising water in the pro- vincss of Tyrol, Salzburg, upper Austria and Styria, No casualties were reported. Dozens of new avalanches slid out of the Alps north of Innsbruck in Tyro], but moutain rescue officials said nobody was hurt. Near Attnang-Pucheim in upper ^Austria, fire grigades mustered from several communities abored with shovels and s-andbags to prevent sv/irling Hood water from undermining a smelting plant, Sispatches from Aptenau in Salzburg province said several bridges were destroyed and some farm houses were cut off. Vienna weather bureau officials said temperatures began falling al dawn and that sub-freezing temper i /jt i atures were expected . to ease. the ''~ flood threat. However, they said new snow is expected during the next two days. Cpl. Dickenson Is Arrested By Army By FRED 3. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON 1^1—Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson, a Virginia farm boy who changed his mind about staying with the Communists in Korea, faces Army charges that he dealt illegally with his Red captors to get better treatment. If tried andj convicted of one of the charges, he cotud be sentenced to death. The Army notified Dickenson of the cnarges last night, then placed him under arrest at its Walter Reed Hospital here. He has been undergoing a physical examination. The 23-year-old soldier stands accused of unlawfully holding "in- ;ercourse with the enemy" to get 'favorable treatment.' 1 The formal charges say his activities hurt other prisoners of'war held by the Reds. • Officials explained that the filing of these charges—oased on accusations liy former fellow prisoners— s only a preliminary action. It does not, even necessarily mean he will be brought to trial. An oificial announcement by the Military District ol Washington said no decision will be made on whether to try Dickenson until after an investigation o£ the charges and evidence has been finisned and it? results "fully reviewed for legal sufficiency." The Army said this preliminary will be held "at the earliest date possible." : Dickenson, whose home is in the remote mountain town of Cracker's Neck in southwestern Virginia, was one of 23 American soldiers who refused to return to United Nations lines when the Korean truco was signed last summer. He later asked neutral Indian guards to take him back. The young Virginian told re porters at the time that the Chinese ,Reds "kept me back" with threats. '''..:,., . -. . • A second American—Cpl. Claude J, Batchelpr—renounced the. .Communists on New Year's Day. He is in the Tokyo General Hospital. The Far East Command said last night that it has no knowledge of any similar action that may be taken against • Bstchelor. The soldier's mother— Mrs.'O. L. Bachelor — staid in K?rmit, Tex., that she hopes her son:will come home "and face whatever he has to face." The fate of the 21 Americans who still refuse to come back* to the U. S. forces remains in doubt. They are on a.sit-down strike with 326 other pro-Reds in their camp, The Indians unlocked camp gates last night—deadline for the release .>f all prisoners. The UN'pComahd virtually told the Communists today to take back the 21 Americans, 325 South Koreans and 1 Briton — but the Reds would not do so. . Secretary of Defense Wilson said yesterday the 21 Americans are "free to do what they want," but that thty had better act quickly, if they have any idaes of coming home. Decline in Post Christmas Sales PREVIEW OF SUMMER—Guy Petruzzelli slices and serves, while fellow employes enjoy a taste of summertime as the year's first shipment of watermelons from Cuba arrives at a Chicago, •'* 111., produce house. Charges U.S. Unemployment Figure Delayed DEROI — Walter P. Reuther, president of the CIL and the the Labor Department for what he the Labor Department for what he calls "inexcusable" delay in publicizing national unemployment fig- •es. i In a telegra'm to Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell yesterday Reuther' charged delay will deny to many areas of acute labor ployment relief measures indorsed by President Eisenhower. Labor Department officials at Washington said a reply probably would be given .Reuther today. Mitchell made no prior comment. Under the Eisenhower -backed plan, Reuther said, defense contracts are to be awarded to .surplus labor areas. He told Mitchell -"it,was my understanding:.that the report of your, ..bureau, on..labpji.- ^urplus ; ..is about to be released. . .based on employment conditions as of Nov. 15. '..'-•'"This delayed action in reporting the facts already available here in Michigan and in other areas is in my judgment inexcusable in view of rapidly .increasing unemployment." Reuther said the auto industry was badly hurt by layoffs. He said that in Detroit 107,000 men, or 7 per cent of the work force, were reported idle in a Jan. 10 survey 'by the Michigan Employment Security Commission. Tongoy on Trial for Killing Child MIAMI, Fla., —Russell Tongay, husky father of the child swimming stars, "The Auatots," went on trial today on a charge that he cause the death of his 5-year-old daughter, Kathy, by forcing her to dive from a 33-foot board. Kathy died in convulsions last May. An autopsy snowed she died of a ruptured intestine and internal bleeding. An original second degree murder warrant accused Tongay of giving the child a fatal beating. The 40-year-old formey Coast Guardsman insisted she was hurt in a high dive and after a hearing the charge against him was, reduced to manslaughter. Selection of a jury was started late yesterday in the court of Criminal Judge Ben C. Willard and was to be completed today. Kathy and her brother, Bubba, now 8, first broke in the headlines in 1949 when they swam five miles down the Mississippi River at St. Louis. At the time Bubba was The 3 and Kathy 23 months old next year, Bubba swam 22 miles on the Mississippi. ST. LOUIS, (#)— Post-Christmas clearance sales have about run -/ their course in the Eighth Federal "«• Reserve District. This and cold weather with snow in part!) of the district were responsible for a 6 per cent decline in district department store sales last week as compared with last year, the Federal Reserve Bank,l of St. Louis reported. * The tales decline for the week averaged 17 pe." cent in Memphis, • Tenn., and Lousiville, Ky., 6 per cent in Little Rock. Ark,, '3 per NEW YORK Iff) r-" Postmaster ?*cent in the St. Louis area and 5 General Arthur E. Summerfield per oeni in 7 smaller cities of the .says a huge and exer-expanding Summerfield Sees Plenty of Business district. District sales for the four weeks that ended Saturday were 4 per cent above tho§ pf a year ago, AM-OTgO ?25Ki IMILUQN WASHINGTON ffl — India has been allotted JJSli m.UUon dollars In U. S, fljd fmidts for the pur- >t SiiPtSflfi tPBJi fit J^eJi r *,, ) &, market exists in (A merica businessmen who go after it." In a speech last night before the National Industrial Conference Board, a private organization, Sumpieifield said "there js no cause for alarm' over business conditions ' There are big niajkets here in United States sjtiU to Criminology Prof Tracked Down Exam _.NORMAN, OK.a, (K\— A University oo! Oklahoma professor of criminology did some estracurri- cular sleuthing and nabbed four freshmen who were trying to peddle copies of his final examination in advance—at $30 a throw. The four devised a novel plan to lay their hand.3 on the coming examination. They painstakingly poked in trash canr. looking for discarded stencils which were used to mimeograph the examinations. Final.'y, they came up with the criminology final of Dr. Gilbert Geis, 29, and two others. They planned carfully, but should have taken the hint, "For three days the phone had been ringing continually," said Geis, 'Students told me they had been approached and that the copies were selling for around $30 cash. Finally some one gave us a line on who Was selling them." Geis said one of the graduate students working for the department of sociology was used as the "bait.' 1 He contacted the suspects and offered to pay the $30. They said a copy of the examination would be delivered. When the courier arrived he was met by Geis, Chief of Police A. C. Bernier and the graduate student, "We accompanied him back to his rooms and' found the other three," said Geis. "When we led them off I heard one of them say, 'Some day I'm polnc to have to take that course.'" Dean Paul MacMinn said the four had been questioned and a report made on the case. He said release of their names and dis ciplin&jry action was in the hands of •(he University adrninistration. ^.' GENEROUS SEOUL, Korea (UP) — Members of the South Korean national assembly, who get a salary of 900 won (about $5) monthly, approved « resolution today to contribute 10 per cent of their salaries this iponth to the 7,3PO released anti- Communist Koyean war prisoners. Ten jvei.' cent p£ their combined each e i'.>'.f TaftWould Be Pleased at New Strategy By JAMES MARLOW ) WASHINGTON UP) — Sen. Taft, if he were alive today, would probably be pleased at the unfolding ideas of the Eisenhower administration on military strategy and militaiy spending. In some ways they sound very much like his own. Taft made a major Senate speech Jan. 5, 1951. in the midst of rearmament and the Korean War, cautioning against committing American troops to foreign battlefields and telling what he thought militaiy expenses should be.... He envisioned an armed force of -about 3,200,000 men with military expenses running around ,40 billion dollars a year, and the biggest emphasis on air arid naval power. • ' - ••'." •,-.,• ...''.;-, '/ In his budget .message to "Congress yesterday 'President ;Efs'en- hower estimated military expenses for the fiscal year beginning jn July at 371/2 billion. And the President said he expected the armed forces, now 3,400,POO men, to be cut-to 3,300,000 by July and to just a little over three million by July 1955. According to the plans outlined by Eisenhower, the biggest spending woujd be on the Air Force, with thp Navy next and the Army last. Taft had said: "We should go just ns far toward preparing for war as we can go in time of peace -without weakening ourselves in the long run ... Not only is an all-powerful air force the best possible defense for the United States, but is also the greatest deterrent to war. In his message Eisenhower said his budget "is aimed at providing a strong military position which can "09 maintained over the ex- tendsd period of the uneasy peace '"It points toward the creation, maintenance and full exploitation of modern air power ... This budget . . . prov/des, greater expenditures for air power in the fiscal year 1955 (starting July 1) than In any. year since the close of World War II." Taft, in his 1951 speech, said: ''What I object to is undertaking to fight that battla (against worldwide communism) on the vast land areas of the continent of Europe or the continent of Asia where we are at . the greatest possible disadvantage in a war- with Russia. On Jan. 13, 1954, Secretary of States Dulles marie a speech to the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. He said, that, if the enemy was allowed to pick his own place for aggression, and the United States attempted to meet him there, it would have to be ready to fight on land everywhere, as well as at sea avid in the air. But that course will not be followed in the future, Dulles said. No longer could an enemy fight solely on a battleground of his own choosing. • And last month Eisenhower announced two U. S. divisions would be withdrawn frorr, Korea. Taft had said an all-powerful air force is the greatest ."deterrent" to war. Dulles S'aid: "The way to deter aggression is for the free community to be willing and able io respond vigorously at places and with means of his own choosing." How J3y "massive retaliation," Dulles said, which meant by the Air Force. He didn't mention "with atomic weapons' but that seemed implicit In the word "massive." The Eisenhower administration doesn't share Taft's views on military Alliances. Wh<?re Taft voted against the Worth Atlantic Pact, which put this country }ntQ aJJJ- aince Red Generals Refuse to Take 21 Americans By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM — Twenty-one Americans and 326 other pro-Red prisoners in Korea's neutral zone were caught today botweeri a new Communist refusal to accept them and a tougher Allied attitude. >>; Two Communist gendfals reject- i for the second time an Indian proposal that the Reds accept '"under protest" the 21 Americans, 1 Briton and 325 South Koreans who renounce'.l their homelands tor communism. . Indian guards abandoned the baptives last midnight after the Reds wouldn't take them. iThe U, N. Command virtually fold the Communist Command to lake Ihcm back. . ' i "Wa welcome any statement that |rpu will make as to your plans for removing them as rapidly as pos- Mble from their present came to iny area north of the present de- fhilitvirized zone," Maj. Gen. J., 1C; li'acey told the Reds at a session jf the Military Armistice Commis- iion. 'i; Growing Allied impatient with the pro-Reds was reflected also !n Washington, where :U. S. De- iense Secretary Wilson said the 21 Americans "just make up their rninds quickly" if they want 'M iiome home. "Their pay is going to pe cut off ver.v shortly," he. said. !>• Pemagon officials' said that only he Reds' refusal to take back the 1 had given them a few hours or ays of grace before "undersira- ile" discharges become effective. ; Cpl.'Edward S. Dickenson, a 23- Kear-old Crackers Neck, Va., sol- "ier who originslly stayed with the teds but later changed his mind /'as arrested in • Washingotn and accused of "intercourse with the enemy" to get "favorable treatment." The court-martial charges were filed Friday, • Y .:.. ; j : ; ; • :. /'The Far East Command said in Tokyo it has no! knowledge -of .. aken " aga'inst" "*Cpi >T -'-Ciattde ' 3'. Batchelorn a second American'who renounced the Communists and is now. in Tokyo. • India Lt. Gen. K. S. Thomay- ya conferred at Red headquarter Saturday with Gommuist Generals L,ee Sang Chp and Ping Kuo yu, on his suggestion.that the Reds accept custody of the 347 POWs under protest. The situation remains- the same," he reported. "Nothing short of continued custody by the Indian Command would satisfy them ... They made it quite strong." Some Stories Like Generals Stay With Us By BOB THOMAS HOLLYWOOD — Filmland followups: • Usually I write 'em and forget em. But some stories, like certain generals, don't fade away, Such as the one with Dick Povvel and his direction of\ "Caine Mutiny Court Martial." You may remember that Powell told about how Henry Fonda got moody over direction of the play. But Dick claimed that the bulk of the show wa.s his work although, Charles kaughton took over the direction in the last week of re- earsals . Producer Paul Gregory read the story in New York and blew his top. He ordered Powell's-name removed as director. Powell then blew his top and said Gregory was trying to wriggle out of paying the director's fee. Dick went into a huddle with his lawyers and plans to sue . . . Then there was Jane Russell's break with boss Howard Hughes over her dance in "French Line." She agreed with the censors that it should be cut from the picture. Some critics printed that her outburst was probably u publicity stunt. Russell's temper flared at the idea. She even threatend a hit in the face for one of the critics t-r- Dick Williams of the Los Angeles Mirror, And the controversy over the. picture is still raging. . ,-' Actually, Jane's siding with the .censors was spontaneous. She W3nts to avoid bring a controversial figure in the future. With her HgVire, that's difficult ... •'•'.-;' WJiatabout pur girl Ida She told all about how her 'estranged husband, Howard pyff didn't go for the "domestic bit" an,d how she felt sorry tor h] m because he would feel lonely later on. Well, maybe he felt remorse after reading her words. At a,ny rate, he came home the next day. by for later developments, " excavation,? of Ppm|ifiii was' buried. yndeF ' BrickerBill oy «»*-»wi-» ****••»!• WASHlNQtON, and (R-dalif) p President Eiserihowfer ,.„, any appeal to the, peopt hotly fought issue of lirriltf making powers; pending ute efforts to' teac&'.'fc, se with Sen^'^rtcke^t flrickeer Is constitutional,. he President , ground it would- ™^ conauct of forelgn.'policy duiy,fice$trkt traditional tiriW*SBrhtfty#jii *in fWftt^'fi^i TWO OF A KIND—Viola Goodin, 14, is mighty, proud of t..__^ calves, Sherry, left, and Mary, right, which were born on, her father's farm in Easton, Kan,, They each weigh about 35 pounds. According to farm experts, twin calves occur only once in 96 births. Navy Has Problem of What Kind of Pictures to Place on the Walls of Submarines By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK •(#) If you were fitting out a new submarine, what cind of pictures would you hang on the walls , A portrait of Whistler's mother? An autographed photo of Admiral Bull Halsey and maybe one Of Marilyn Monroe Or perhaps a water color of'PikVs Peak during a snowstorm nt sunset This was one of the problems, faced by a commercial 'designing firm called,jiij-by the U, S.,Navy to 'make tne Wa'uliltkJ,'; "the y'w<5rld*s first atom-powered submarine a comfortable underwater home to the sailors whb> man* her. "We thought pictures of peaceful country scenes would be more restful," said Walter P, Margulies, partner in the firm of Lippineott and Margulies. "But some Navy men figured pictures of famous fighting ships would be more inspiring; 'No final decision has been mads." Margulies previously had designed everything from motor cars to cocktail lounges, from vacuum cleaners to soup and beer can labels and one of his firm's been can labels won first prize in ,A national contest. But ho found his two-year job of making the new submarine ore habitable one of the, most challenging of his career. And the result would amaze the shade >of John Paul Jones. It is a submariner's dream. The Nautilus is able to stay subf merged for two months and sail aroun 1 the world in that time. But men In close quarters often get on each other's nerves, and fighting efficiency falls off with lowered morale. "Our task was to u&e color and design to fight monotony, improve living conditions and provide as much privacy and voiiety as was possible," said MarguUes. In the battle control areas of the Nautilus thp colors are crisp and sharp, the lights brighter, and even the equipment controls knobs are rough to the hand -r- to keep the crew alert. In the relaxation areas the re. verse psychology is employed. Colors are subdued, noise Js minimized, and there are no plaid patterns — as complicated pat terns have been found to increase sea?sickness, What does the Nautilus have that John Paul Jones lucked aboard his ships "Well, the crew quarters on sailing vessels in the 18th century were only about 4 feet high." paid Margulies, "In the Nautilus there arc separate decks for the officers and crew, and plenty pf room to stand upright, The mess hall ha-s yellow walls and red seats. Each sajlor has a flourescont bed lamp, and he sleep? on a foam rubber mattress. He can sit up without bumping his head on the bunk above him, and the men don't have to sleep nose* to-t}e a? in the old days, "There- are outlets for efeptric ragon, rhpyyprs, a phonograph With plenty of records, a movie projoc- tipn machine, a'nd library shelve?. Each man ftps a personal Jpckep by his bunk, instead of a duffle bjg. There is eyen, a pja«e inside locker comp£tr|m.ent where bj hang a piptu^e, Iftf his i avprije' up girl —• mfij Jseep feer to 1 Two-Headed Reported in Gerniari^ QUERZBURG, Gerh^ftS^W^ angry doctor" chased^' a,'<r$ppr1 r from his home todqy ns •a.niiSfficia; silence cloaked Wuerzb'urJrs l Hw'§ J headed boy, born^ Jnt a 1 j^caf* qlH^ijj three iro.nfhs ago. , .^^jff^l'y- ' i^j ™ * V "* 1*1. *,. ' i. Prof. Julius Strpedes the children's clituVof University, where,'tti!e • ing caied for, r 'the- case'-ind' prfief < offi his premise^ Stroeder confirmed ^y e siterdw that a two-headed 'boy with fou: arms and two legs had.bee^n bon to the' 25-year-old wife of a Ger man workman,- Tpday <he yrerul not disclose the child's "*comjiticii npr talk of the birth. V ^''i ' ' .* The birth > ot the 1 Germaji" poi who has two hearts' and a^slff|l intestinal tract, 'apparently' pre ceded the two-headed boy born in Indiana last December. ' '\ Local doctors said the, Wuerz burg baby was an "unfinished Siamese twin," and that the qhjld should be considered two Individ uals. Not Guilty of Killing Wife, Celebrates NEW ORLEANS WJ—James ', Cooper, acquitted on charges P murdering his beautiful estrange< wife, celebrated with a party a his restaurant* which continued .ear ly today, ' *" ' v The pprty began Jastj night soon after a 12-man jury returned tj>e verdict of innocent after deliber ating 28 minutes. , '- ' The husky, balding 46-year-old Cooper, who said Jan. 12 when the sensational trial started that he would soon "be back in business as usual," resumed direction' pf his French Quarter restaurants Friondc and employes cheered w Cooper entered hi§ restaurant,' '^n, orcheuru played "Auld La,ng Syne" and several friends, bight bal's in hand, began to sing '{Fpr, He's A Jolly 4 GooQ Fellow," Copp> or was hugged and kissed * A< already has*begUh/7| ,-flowev,er,'S;Kntiwi8 inter vle\y >• effp'rts f,t a' 'comprom6C»poi ftion #nd4Briekei fruitle^ J ~'- flJ! *" UJ * during, V'^BW'-^!)]^^ fcry-ott'tfe^h' to lower ,..„„„„, 'That sairie/gpjaj contraption r ,jha4kc Curtain si^.^ipntl, *ied a ^btf^i^L, SP there >, was ->&,'/}& friendly e cpncerh,l£V|$ the ^ ive-tpnrTOpn'sVerJ An un^aihlyfsligh^l Frppx a war-wrecked With'its ' lay tor , 'Then,' wouldn't .„ en , clutch,- s „ ^, ^pjd, battlewagon% hjii its-caterpillar', if ac' ficial/okay?4$V*p| Jore 'it city WnMfr Mote . ,, It WBS the first tjme Cooper .« been back in the restaurant last Aut,, 5 when he was arrested there jtfter his ipdjctment fpp the strangulation death of Mrs. Anielie (Diddle) WpPlf'Jlk Cooper, 2,9-yej»> old socialite and fprow television actrssii. , Tho pretty bjunette, half-clad a shee.-.blue nightgown, had found beaten and strangled. death on a bed 4n h.e.r apartment Npv. 30, 1952, Century Clqss to Hfor, M^i Ytssy The Century »««-^>"*addressed b.y attorney; tow 'an attendance,: men.,%ej?W, and .More,, Plenty ' ca;b driver It AV88 TOd Sijuare, to gel; tp dark, < So tempprarfly Way, Class

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