The Atchison Daily Globe from Atchison, Kansas on January 25, 1977 · Page 2
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The Atchison Daily Globe from Atchison, Kansas · Page 2

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Tuesday, January 25, 1977
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* - NAVGATUCK SKWS (Conn.) Thursday. June 3,1916 DEFLATED Published Every F.vening< Except Sundays and Holidays i Etjr Kamjuliirk Jfruiu GJnrp. XEH'S Building — fii Water Sired, Xaugalurt. Conn, mi;; Telephone 729 2228. 7W-2H9 and 729-222(1 All Department Class 1'osUgfi'iidanrifl'oslOllicfin \auj;aluck< unncclicul ni.TTu Daily In Mail m 1st and 2ml I'asi.il 'Ainc. One Year Six Monlhs 4680 23,40 Three Months One Monlh 12.00 4.00 Member United Press-International 1 American Newspaper Publishers' Assn . N F. Daily Newspaper Assn.; Conn, Daily Newspapers Assn Member of Audit IlureauoE Circulations. A Matter Of Principles Army Secretary Martin R. Hoffman did the nation no service yesterday in his address to the graduating class at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point. Said he: "The Academy's honor code is made up of enduring principles that nevertheless must adapt to the need for change." We are not quite certain precisely what the Secretary meant by that profound statement—but it occurs to us that enduring principles are just that, no more and no less. If they are subject to change, to sociological whims, then they cease to he enduring. A principle, once established, is a principle. The Academy's Honor Code has stood for years. Thousands of cadets have passed through the battlements of West Point and have carried with them a firm belief in "Duly, Honor, Country." There have been exceptions. Violations of the Honor Code are nothing new to the Academy, or to Annapolis, or New London or Colorado Springs, where the nation's other service academies are located and where similar Honor Codes are in force. Cadetsiare human. They are not perfect. Some of them simply cannot stand the pressures and for one reason or another are unable to finish the long, arduous fouryearsof regimentation, strict discipline and hard work. Those who cannot make the grade should not be criticized for their failure. Not every man is made of the stern stuff required of cadets, but there is no way of knowing that until the young man has been indoctrinated into the system and learns for himself whether or not he can make it. But the men—and shortly the women—who are to lead our armed forces in times of national danger must be made of the finest cloth. They cannot compromise their principles because the obstacles in their path loom over. whelmingly high and wide. Secy. Hoffman says that the public concern over the strictly- enforced code—the only punishment for its violation is dismissal from the Academy—"is born of the sincere hope that these principles will endure in a troubled time." In that he is absolutely right. But these principles will not endure if the rules are changed to make things easier, or if they are changed simply to adjust to changing moral and ethical patterns that surround them. Secy.i Hoffman is^simplyj.ript making sense when he -implies , otherwise—and it is especially regrettable that the suggestion conies from a man who, above all others, should be unequivocally supporting the principles of the Honor Code. Money As Educator By William F. Buckley, Jr. Geoffrey Wagner, a professor of literature, has taught at City College in Mew York City for a generation. He has maintained a remarkable record. A year does not go by without a book by Wagner, usually a scholarly enterprise, bul sometimes a novel, or a travel book. You would rol guess from Ihe exuberance and serenity of his work thai his teaching duties are conducted in'circumstances that would have aroused prolest from a conscript schoolteacher nt Dickensian, London. For years and years, Prof. Wagner has \vritlen about Ihe self-defeating tea lures of "open en- rollraenl." This last became a shibboleth in Ihe golden age of Mayor John Lindsay. Simply stated, il is the doctrine that anyone who graduates from a high school in New York. City must be admitted, if he applies, to the city sjstem of Ihe University of <\ew York (CUNY) — where, by long tradition, his school tuition will be: Nothing — a gift from the people of New York City. Now, Ibere are parts of Ihe Uni ted States where a degree from high school is putative indication of a serviceable academic background, even if you placed low in your class. But these are high schools lhal require that you maintain certain standards in order to receive that cSploraa. It was a very long time ago thai New York Gty simply gave up on the matter. If a student who, whether because he simply couldn't master Ihe material or because berefusedlodo the work, reached a certain age, the school administration faced the alternative either of forcing him to repeat and repeal and repeat, which is an acl of cruelty both lo the student and lo his fellow sludenls, teachers and ad- minislralors; or, simply scratching his name on a diploma, shoving it inlo his hand, and gelling rid of him. But with that diploma, he row went to college. Some of them, it is alleged, arrived without the ability confidently to write and to spell their own names. For 10 years, Geoffrey Wagner has written about Ihe demoralizing impact of this inundation of young men and women on CUNY. Millions of dollars have been spent every year attempting to (each these students to read, to write, to perform elementary arithmetic. He estimates, using UNESCO'S standards of literacy (the reading and writing ability of the average 13-year-old), lhal the majorily of the students of CUNY are illiterate. II is a relief of sorts that Ihe drop-out rale is so high — 50 per cent last year. But the damage done while in residence is incalculable, and il is of course mistaken to suppose that a drop-out rate of 50 per cent after one year means lhal the college is spared the ignorant and disruptive contingent. Because Ihis semester's dropout rale does not effect next semester's matriculation rate. If 50 per cenl of Ihe population dies al Ihe end of every year and births are equal to fifty per cent, then the population remains static. Prof. Wagner most recently remarked the appalling ignorance of many educational experts in Kew York City ol conditions in the college system constructed by ideologues. "City College shoehorns hordes of studenls inlo fire- hazarddens where they snooze and fitfully smoke beneath obscene graffiti, largely oblhious to Ibe professor bravely addressing Ihe ether, since, a lot of the time, nothing much can be heard anyway. . . They are regularly mugged. Assaults on teachers have increased nearly 80 per cenl and robberies of teachers and sludenls 36 per cent in the last five years. The city spends over $5 million a year repairing smashed schoolroom windows." The faculty is beginning to react. As it is, "they roust shove lo class through giggling junkies in congested corridors, lillered with butts and sticky with gum, clutching their last copies of Plalo and murmuring 'Excuse me', to which scowling students return a 'Walch your f—feel, man.' Anything left around is instantly stolen, like the movie projector and the piano stolen from CUNT classes in session. Last year applications for faculty retirement were up by 40 per cenl." It is instructive lhat the mess is being accosted not by the application of reason 1 ; rot by the fell yearnings of the serious students of CUNY whose scademic lives are a protracted nightmare; not by a mobilized intellectual class. But by that faceless, leaden, brute force: Money. CUNY is ml only intellectually broke, it's running out of money. This means a luition rale. This means studenls will have lo pay money for their education. This means that (heir attitude of the shiftless towards education may change, ever so slighlly. Mr. Wagner's prophecies are, alas, realized. JtlK THIANO would (ike to extend his thanks to those who participated in and attended Ilie 241K Annual Golden Gloves Boxing Show at (he Naugaluck VAICA. Because of the support of the Naugatlick residents, the Friday and Saturday programs were a complete success, according to Joe. THE NAUGATUCK High School Building Committee, will conduct an open houseon Sunday, June Sat the High School from 1 lo 4 p.m. Student guides and teachers will be present to conduct lours of (he new addition and to answer questions ahout the facility. A brochure will be offered detailing the project history and including a map of the school and Us additions. FHANKI.IN JAY Hubbell graduated magna cum laudf during the .May 21th commencement exercises al Hoston College. He received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Administration with a concentration in Computer Science. Me was also the recipient of the Arthur Andersen Award given lo the outstanding senior Computer Science Major, as selected by the faculty. While at Boston College, Jay was also elected to Beta,Gamma Sigma, a National Business Honor Socictv. DON'T FORGET about the Bicentennial Home and Garden Sale to to held Saturday in the Fellowship Hall of Hillside Covenant Church from 10 a.m. lo A p.m. Understand many home-baked goodies, as nellas other items of interest, will be offered for sale. Lack Of 'Priorities Blueprint' Makes Legislature Ineffective THE TIIII' planned by the Senior Women's Friendship Club lo the Chateau HeVille lias been changed from Monday. June 21 lo Wednesday, June 2.1. The main trouble with Ihe Connecticut Legislature is that it doesn't act, It reacts. It may respond to what various individuals — including some ol its own members — propose. But it has no action program of its own. So what comes out .of a legislative session like the one recently ended may or may not meet the most pressing needs of the people. It it does happen to roee 1 Ihese needs, it's often coincidental. This was particularly true of this year's "short session" and for a quite interesting reason. The huge Democratic Party majorities in both the House and Senate include an inordinate number of freshmen legislators who do not mind going Iheir own way to demonstrate their independence. *>. l '' • • ' -' f' • • TmVis'despite the (act that many o( (Item wouldn't be legislators at all had'they .not been swept into office in the landslide gubernatorial victory of Ella T. Grasso over Republican Robert Steele. Many of these "mavericks" — at least Dial's wbal.tbe veteran Democratic Pary leaders call them — are not about to "go along" with Governor Grasso's wishes merely because she expresses them. Another factor is that a number ol the youngsters come from largely Republican towns where, if one wishes to be re-elecled, it is necessary to tread cautiously. This can be rationalized by (he thought that Ihe first duty of a legislator is to represent his or her constituents and thai such a thing as party loyalty must come second. ANOTHER FACTOR is that legislative proposals made by the Governor need to be backed up by solid reasoning and expert testimony whenever possible. When Un's is absent, an independent solon can easily find reasons for voting nay. 11 probably was a mistake for Governor Grasso, sorely beset by the stale's fiscal crisis and Ihe need to withstand pressure from various groups backing various bits of legislation, lo have held herself aloof from the "young Turks" of her own majority. It would have been lime- consuming, but possibly fruitful, for-her to have spent some lime weeing them, or al least explain- ing her thinking on a one-on-one basis. Seldom, during this session of Ihe General Assembly, did Ihe leaders of the two Houses gel together and say, "These are the most important needs of Ihe people of Connecticut right now. Lei's adopl an action program, giving these needs the highest priority." The same strictly reaclive psychology holds true ol the vast majority of the Legislature's 23 commiltces. With rare exceptions, like Ihe serious-minded, efficient Education Committee, the committees have no sharply arliculaled goals which Ihey make the main business of the current legislative session. 'Connecticut Spotlight Rick Diamond Ltm McColliim OCCASIONALLY, novice committee members or staffers try lo develop, priorities and sell them to (heir chairmen. Almost always, these ambitious plans get lost in the shuffle. Seasoned lawmakers and staffers adopt a take - things - as -thev- come altitude. Most of Ihe "Ihiflgs" that come along are trivia, while major problems that cry out for action are ignored, For example, the stale badly needed in January', and needs today, some kind of program to stimulate the creation ol jobs, as well as action to stem Ihe exodus of job-producing business firms from the stale. No such legislation emerged, other than a minor sales tai cut on business services and new machinery purchases. This failure stood out like a sore thumb, inasmuch as the national average ol unemployment leveled off al 7.5 per cenl during March but the jobless rate in Connecticut hung ai 10.1 per cenl. one third higher than Ihe national average. Director Marc Caplan. director of the consumer-oriented Connecticut Citizen Action Group (CCAGl. made some telling points in a public statement shortly alter Ihis year's session ended. He called the Legislature's record on governmental reform "a dismal failure" and said the legislators "produced more rhetoric than action on open and accountable government." One of the "most glaring examples," he said, came when the Legislature killed legislation designed to impose stricter regulations on lobbyists, including the disclosure of lobbying expenses and new controls over altempts lo influence decisions by slate agencie;. Another failure, he said, was the Assembly's decision to delay action on a "Direct Initiative" bill allowing citizens the right to directly enact legislation through petitions and referendums. Caplan also attacked, as "a complete isham -of a-reform."-what he-called-Ihe-Assembly's 1 '-Watered-down version" of a bill' designed to reform Ihe Legislative Commissioner's Office and appoint a full-lime, nonpartisan director. And even this "reform." he pointed out, came only after charges of partisanship and conflicts-of- interest in Ihe LCO, which is supposed to provide technical reviews ol proposed bills. AILING TOWNS and cities, faced with the prospect ol taxpayer revolts, cried out for relief from the stale. Aid to the towns was increased in dollar amounts, but these increases fell far short of the funds needed jusl to keep up wilh inflation. Repeal of Ihe Blue Laws, followed by Sunday openings, might have meant a boost lo Ihe stale economy. The House actually passed a repeal bill but il was defeated in the Senate. A little leadership from on high might have changed the result, bul none was forthcoming. Senale Majority Leader Joseph Lieberman. acting as an individual. Iried to get the original bill through, hut he ended up being known as the "architect" ol Ihe compromise measure which does not really repeal the blue laws. This kind ol every-man-for- himself philosophy, with no action blueprint in sigh!, leaves Ihe rank-and-file legislators without a set of high priority goals. Thai's no way lo run a railroad, and no way to run a government. CONGRATULATIONS TO Sarah E. Zonino, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Zonino of 524 North Church St. who was a member of the graduating Class of 1976 al Connecticut College in New London recently... She was awarded a BA degree... Her major was theater studies. MARINE I'YT. FirstClass Ilichard H. Ardrv.son of Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Arriry, lleactm Valley ltd., gradualtd May 10 from Marine Boot t'anip. I'aris Is.. South Carolina.. .lie is nnu'stationed al Camp Prndleton, Calit... Pfc. Artlry is a 1975 graduate of Naugaluck High School. A "FELLOW WOHM-CUTTKH" called recently to wish Liz Schneider a belated happy birthday... We're told l.ii turned S«eel Ifi on June ]. The Lighter Side By Dick'West WashingtonWindow By DONALD LAMBRO WASHINGTON (UP1) - Most Washington observers seem lo agree thai nothing comes closer to achieving immortality (ban a federal program. The "birth rale" in government agencies keeps climbing while the "death rate" remains minimal. New support for this thesis has been provided by Herbert Kaufman, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institiilion, who has completed an exhaustive study on the longevity of hundreds of government agencies. Kaufman has pul his findings into a new book entitled, "Are Government Organizations Immortal?" published by the Brookings organization. He found, for example, lhat of 175 units of government existing in 1923,1W or nearly 85 per cent were still going in 1973. And while 27 agencies had been terminated, 246 new governmental bodies had been created. If the present birth rale continues, he says, it's going to be even worse M years from now. Applying the same growth ratio from his 1S23-1973 sampling, Kaufman says lhat the same sample in the year 2023 would consist of 888 agencies, including 333 survivors from 1973 and 554 new agencies born in the ensuing five decades. Even under a more modesl growth rate. Kaufman's sampling would grow by 370 agencies which vrould produce a total of 703 units when combined with 333 carryovers from 1973. "The impressive ability of agencies to stay alive once they have been launched is not mere conjecture," Kaufman writes, noting lhat in most of Ihe 27 deaths in bis sampling, "Ihe activities were nol terminated; they were reassigned or taken up by other units, for the most part." Kaufman found, in fad, thai "as a general rule, once a service or program gets star- led, it seems to continue Lhereafter, jusl as conventional wisdom holds." Unfortunately, he says thai despite rising criticism over the size and expense of our federal government, no one has been able to come up with a solution to effectively curb Ihe growing bureaucracy. Placing legal ceilings on the number of agencies would have little effect, he believes. Nor would the enactment of proposed "sunset laws," which would set a termination dale for all agencies unless extended by Congress, be of much help. Kaufman says the entire question of government proliferation needs further study and more dala is needed (o reach a belter understanding of what is going on here. To others, however, it is quite clear what is going on. Congress is creating this multitude o! agencies, pro grams,commissions, councils, boards, administrations and God-knows-what-else through Ihe endless enactment of costly legislative proposals which has pushed the federal budget to well over $413 billion, this year's deficit lo around lo $75 WASHINGTON (Ul'li - One of the main weapons 'in (he nrstardl of militant consumers is the "iruth-in." ' • ' A "truth-id" is like the "sit-ins" staged by civil rights militants in the 1950s and the "love-ins" held by militant peace demonstrators in the 1960s. Only different. "Truth-ins" require some sort of legislative or government regulatory action. One example is Hie "Truth in Lending" law- thai Congress passed in response to consumer demands for public disclosure of interest rates and other credit information. New "truth-in" proposals are constantly being put forth, the latest being a "truth in used cars" regulation under consideration by the Federal Trade Commission. It would require used car dealers lo reveal any known defects in the vehicles they sell. Data about mileage, prior use and repairs also would have lo be posled on the sticker. -Seeking a dealer's eye view of the proposal, I had a talk with "Honest Sid" f.emonpu- shcr. who operates a used car lol in my neighborhood. "I'm way ahead of them," he told me. "I've ten disclosing that type of information for years." He patted the fender of a 1939 Sludcbaker lhat was featured as the "Bargain of Ihe Week." "Get a load of (his little beauty." he said. "It's only been driven 87 miles." "What about prior use?" I asked suspiciously. He dirccled my attention to Ihe price sticker. Al the bottom it said: "This auto has had only one previous owner, a litlte old lady who drove il one block to church on Sundays." I said. "The proposed FTC regulation also would require you to lisl any repairs lhat were made before you offered a car for resale. Did you do any work on Ihis one?" "The only thing we did was replace the lefl rear lire. That's Ihe one prospective buyers always kick, so we like to make sure it is sturdy enough lo withstand (he punishment." "What aboul defects?" "We never put a defeclive car on our lol," I^irnonpusher said indignantly. . "Then why is a front wheel missing?" "Now you're lalking about deficiencies. There's a difference between being defective billion, and the national debt to ovtr 5600 billion. and being deficient. If a wheel "won't (lifriV'thal's a defect. Rut if it's merely missing, that is only a.deficiency." -. While "Honest Sid" went lo answer the telephone, I browsed around looking over some of his oilier bargains. I noticed lhal the information on their stickers was identical to thai posted on the '59 Studcba- kcr. "You must sell a lot of cars driven by little old ladies," I commented when he returned. "I don'l sell many," Lemon- pusher replied ruefully. "Rut there's a litlle old lady I know who sells a lot of them"" The Almanac By United Tress International Today is Thursday. June 3. the 155th day of 1976 with 211 to follow. The moon is approaching its first quarter. ' The morning stars are Mercury, Venus and Jupiter. The evening stars arc Atars and Saturn. Those born on Ihis date are under Ihe sign of Gemini. Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy during the Civil War, was born June 3. 1608. American performers Tony Curtis and Paulelle Cioddard were born on Ibis dale, he in 1925 and she in Wit. On this day in history: In 1937. Ihe duke of Windsor, formerly King Edward VIII of Kngland. was married to divorcee Mrs. Wallis Warfield Simpson of Kaltimc>re. He gave up his throne for her. In 1440. the Allies completed evacuation of Dunqucrnue. France, where .150,000 British. French and Belgian troops had Ircn trapped on the Channel Coast by armies of Nazi (Jo-many. In 1963, Pope John XXIII, 81. died after a long illness. In I9S5, astronaut Ed White made the first American "walk" in space during a Gemini 4 orbital flight mih Jim McDivitt. Dateline 1776 - To meet Ihe British Ihreal to tw middle colonies Congress voted lo reinforce New York ™* 13,800 militia and to create nr «1 8 Camp Or mobile for « o' 10.000 men from Pennsyl. araa, Maryland and Delaware Local authorities were urged to remove livestock and grain from potential invasion areas

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