The /ef§ Br&wn Turner, &f ©*on, te/d The The trouble with our Country is: The garage is where the smoke-house ought to be* Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washbufh Herripstedd County- 2 sections—24 pages VOL. ' Member of the Associated Press Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. Features HOPE, Home of Iho Bowie Knife ARKANSAS WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4,1974 Av. net paid circulation 3 months ending March 31,1974—4,080 As filed with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject to audit. PRICE lOc Districts Hy.Headquarters tribute to area Today's dedication of the new Arkansas Highway Department's headquarters complex for District Three is a tribute not to Hope but to the southwest corner-of our state, our town just happening to be the crossroads of this section. That Hope is the central point of this area has already been demonstrated—the chosen site for the area exchange of Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. and the Arkansas State Police district office. Long ago the State Highway Department picked our town for its district office on U.S. 67 West, and today's dedication merely signals the moving of district operations into larger and more modern quarters on Highway 29 North. A significant note is this: It was the coming of the old Cairo & Fulton Railway (now the Missouri Pacific) that created Hope—but railroad transport is no longer a monopoly, highway transport having largely displaced it. Rail transport put Hope on the map a century ago but it's highway transport that is going to keep it on the map today. So it is with keen enthusiasm that our town welcomes the Arkansas Highway chiefs and joins them in today's dedication of the big and modern layout that has just been completed on Highway 29 North. Districts dedication at 2 today ••«.. >,>' A roster of State, and local dignitaries are here for the dedication of the new District 3 headquarters building on Highway 29 north. Ceremonies are scheduled this afternoon. Master of ceremonies will be Rep. Larry Patterson. Highway commissioner James A. Branyan, who will give the dedicatory address, will be introduced by Senator Olin Hendrix. Crystal Phiefer, Arkansas poultry princess, will cut the ribbon. The invocation will be given by the Rev, Norris Steele, and the group will be welcomed by Mayor Sam Strong. Presentation of colors will be by the National Guard, and the National Anthem by the Hope High School band. Commission chairman Maurice Smith will introduce highway commissioners and officials. Following the ceremonies, a tour of the new building will be conducted. A luncheon was given for the guests prior to the dedication. TV's Archie won't cross picket line LOS ANGELES (AP) — Taping of the television show "All in the Family" has been halted for nearly three weeks because Carroll O'Connor refuses to cross a picket line of striking electricians to portray Archie Bunker on strike. "How could I pass guys on strike and go in and play a guy on strike and be funny?", O'Connor asked. It was the second time in two months that O'Connor has stayed away from the popular CBS comedy show. He missed the first two episodes for the new season — which were taped without him — when he refused to work because of a contract dispute with Tandem Productions, owners of the show. He returned to work July 30 after an agreement was reached. WASHINGTON (AP) - Army Chief of Staff Creighton W. Abrams, the general who took command of U.S. forces in Vietnam at a time of crisis in 1968 and oversaw the policy reversal that led to American withdrawal, died early today. Abrams, who first won fame as a tough tank commander in World War II, would have been 60 on Sept. 15. The Army announced that he died at 12:35 a.m. EOT at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. Mrs. Abrams and his six children, including two Army officer sons, were at his bedside. His death resulted from "complications that developed during recovery from surgical removal of his cancerous lung" on June 6, the Army said. Secretary of the Army Howard M. Callaway issued a statement saying that "the Army and the country have lost one of the great men ... of modern times." Callaway said Abrams "pointed the way for the Army in years to come." Burial will be in Arlington National Cemetery, the Army said. Arrangements were incomplete. Of all the top American officials in Vietnam during the dozen years of that complex war, perhaps none was as realistic, pragmatic and forthright as Abrams. Few emerged with their reputations less scarred. When Abrams assumed command of UmS. forces in Vietnam on July 3,1968, there were 543,000 Americans in the country, many of them survivors of the Communist side's devastating Tet offensive. South Vietnam's . political'system was in chaos in • the countryside, its military^ forces weire retling irom severe casualties, and President Lyndon B. Johnson had announced he would not run again because of divisiveness in the United States over his war policies. When Abrams left, five years later, American forces had preceded him. It was a different kind of assignment — and certainly the toughest ever — for the rumpled general whose public reputation had been built largely on battlefield heroics. He had been the tank officer who relieved beleaguered American paratroopers at Bastogne in the 1944 Battle of the Bulge and won Gen. George S, Patton's accolade as "the best tank commander in the Army." Abrams became chief of staff of the Army on Oct. 16, 1972. On May 28 of this year, the Army announced that Abrams had entered Walter Reed Army Medical Center with a "mild form of pneumonia," and three days later disclosed that he had lung cancer. His left lung was removed July 6. Released from the hospital, he returned to the Pentagon on July 25. But Abrams was back at Walter Reed on Aug. 21 with what was described as a blood clot in the leg. Another clot was found in the artery of his remaining right lung. In the early 1960s, he commanded federal troops during racial strife at the University of Mississippi and in Alabama-, winning favorable attention from Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy and Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara. Many felt Abrams would share the fate of his immediate predecessor in Vietnam, the flashy Gen. William C. Westmoreland, who had become a political casualty of the war. Abrams, however, lost no time in effecting new policies that would change the course of the U.S. commitment. As the peace talks began in Paris late that year, there came the crucial decision to reverse the flow of U.S. troops to Vietnam, beginning instead the four-year withdrawal. At the same time, Abrams won commitments for more military aid to South Vietnam that would permit and encourage Saigon's own forces to take up more of the slack on the battlefield. Under this new concept, officially called Vietnamization, the role of U.S. forces was to be logistical and combat support on the ground and in the air. In an important tactical move, Abrams ordered an end to the large and usually unsuccessful "search and destroy" operations favored by Westmoreland, opting instead for deployment of smaller, more versatile units in the field. There were plenty of crises for Abrams while he served as commander. Opposition to the war in the United States rose to a crescendo that filtered into the ranks of his own forces, but he always defended the performance of his troops. £lltCF llllclCK tF BOSTON (AP) - A young black man demanding $10,000 for the poor was taken into custody today after holding an Eastern Airlines pilot hostage aboard a jetliner at Logan International Airport, authorities reported. The pilot was injured when the hijacker was nabbed, but the extent of the injuries was not known, an airport spokesman said. The pilot and his unidentified assailant, armed with either a knife or a fingernail file, had been alone on the twin-engine DC9 for more than three hours when a white van pulled alongside and a police car ap- proached the other side. The police car sped away with lights flashing and an airport spokesman announced the hijacker had been taken into custody. The twin-engine plane, a 7 a.m. shuttle from New York's La Guardia Airport, had just arrived at Boston when it was commandeered. James Caufield of Boston, a passenger, told Eastern officials that a voice was heard just as the plane reached the gate to unload, saying twice: "Nobody out the front of the plane, everybody out the window exits." All the passengers and the crew, except the captain, used the window emergency chutes to deplane. John Stiffler, East- em airport services manager, said there were no injuries. He said the hijacker, described as a young man in his 20s, had rushed the cockpit and forced his way inside where he confronted the pilot, Capt. L. E. Whitaker of New York City, with a knife. Although he would not specifically say the ransom had been paid, Stiffler told a news conference, "He (the hijacker) has not made any demands that have not been met." He said officials were awaiting further instructions from Hy. 73 bridge out, closing road to Columbus The 18-inch rain which swamped Southwest Arkansas from last Friday through Monday took out many a county bridge in Hempstead and Nevada, nor did the state highways escape. The photo shows why Columbus is cut off from —Hope (Ark.) Star photo Hope on State Highway 73. The flood took out the bridge over Water Creek 9 miles northwest of Hope, near the J.J. Byers farm. Repair crews were already at work when The Star made this picture at 5:45 p.m. Tuesday. More violence in Newark NEWARK, N.J. (APz - Sniper fire and looting marked a third straight day of disorders in New Jersey's largest city. Police said 12 officers and five civilians received minor injuries. Relative calm returned to this city of 400,000 about midnight on Tuesday. Police said about 15 stores, including a five-and-dime and a small department store, were looted on Tuesday and Tuesday night as bands of youths, most of them Puerto Rican, rampaged through the predominantly white North Ward. Authorities said tha,t at one time a squad of eight policemen investigating a report of looting at a liquor store came under sniper fire. Police said six shots were fired but none of the officers was hit. They withdrew without returning the fire, police said. The violence was centered in a 12-block square area around Columbus Homes, a city-owned, low-income housing project where most of the residents are Puerto Rican. Police said that in the three days of violence they have arrested 76 persons, including 31 on Tuesday. The charges included disturbing the peace, burglary, breaking and entering, possession of stolen goods, theft and assault on a police officer. Fifty-four persons have been injured, authorities said. The disorders started on Sunday when police broke up a dice game at a Puerto Rican picnic in Branch Brook Park. Two persons were shot, two police cars and a motorcycle were burned and other vehicles were damaged n an ensuing melee. On Monday, about 1,000 dem- onstrators marched on City Hall to protest what they claimed was police brutality in quelling the Sunday disturbance. Spokesmen demanded of Mayor Kenneth A. Gibson that he dismiss Police Director Hubert A. Williams and establish a community-selected police review board. The crowd pelted City Hall with rocks and broke windows in buildings along Broad Street until helmeted police dispersed the demonstrators. Fire officials reported a series of fires of suspicious origin on Monday night, including two at supermarkets. A firebomb was also thrown into a Roman Catholic convent. Trouble flared again on Tuesday a few hours after Gibson imposed a ban on street demonstrations. Six small stores in the area of Columbus Homes were looted, police said. As darkness fell, roving bands of youths took to the streets and there was more looting, police said. Preliminaries begin tonight ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. (AP) — Contestants at the Miss America Pageant get down to business tonight in the first of three evenings of preliminaries. The 50 state queens will break up into three groups to take part in separate talent, swimsuit and evening down competition each night. Contestants won't have to wear the same gowns in competition they wore in Tuesday's traditional parade, which was marred by rain. Family abandons barricade LOS ANGELES (AP) - "We came out because the American police said they'd help us," said Charlotte Berenguer. "We decided there was no use in staying forever," said her daughter, Jackie. Joseph Berenguer, his wife, son and three daughters occupied the French consulate here for seven hours on Tuesday. They threatened to set it on fire before emerging after listening to the pleas of a longtime friend and sheriff's officers. The French nationals said they were frustrated over repeated attempts to settle a 12- year-old claim for $20,000 for land confiscated when France SUNNY Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. granted independence to Algeria in 1962. "It's a matter of honor," daughter Jeannie, 16, said at one point. The Berenguers, who run a French delicatessen in Santa Barbara, entered the office of Consul General Jean Francois Roux on Tuesday afternoon, ejected its lone occupant, a secretary, and nailed the door shut. They said they planned to fast for justice and announced, "We have enough gasoline to burn down the building and we're willing to burn with it unless we get justice." "We've been coming to the consulate for seven years and the government refuses to pay us for the property they took from us," Jeannie said in a telephone interview with The Associated Press. "My family owned a factory and farm in French Africa (now Algeria), but when the French-African war started there, they told us to go to France and they would help us start over, but they haven't helped us at all." The Berenguers stayed inside for seven hours while police and sheriff's officers kept a vigil and friends told them to come out. Finally, Peter Noel Medina, 46, a friend who said he had similar claims, told them they had won the public's attention and could do no more good by extending their stay. They voted to come out. Sheriff's deputies removed three one-gallon glass jugs of clear liquid from the consulate offices after the Berenguers left. Each was labeled in red: "Danger — Gasoline." But a fire department spokesman said they contained water. Consulate officials were not •available for comment on the Berenguers' complaint. Sheriff's spokesman Jim Valdez said no charges were brought against the family because "they were on foreign soil as far as we are concerned." Authorities said those inside were Joseph Berenguer, 52; Charlotte, 40; Jackie, 17; Jeannie, 16; Daniel, 14, and Barbara, 5. the hijacker, who ordered authorities to bring him two steak sandwiches, according to airport spokesman Phil Havran. At midmorning the plane sat in the mist at the intersection of two runways. Officials said it was not in position to take off. An FBI agent at the scene said the hijacker was demanding $10,000. "There is a problem about distribution (of the bills)," the agent said. "We don't have all the facts yet. Witnesses at the scene saw a ball of flame come from the engine section, and an Eastern technician said the engine could have shorted out. If that hap- pened, the technician said, the plane would be unable to take off. Flights in an out of the airport on Boston harbor were halted. The last attempted plane hijacking in the United States occurred on Feb. 22 at the Baltimore-Washington International Airport. A gunman carrying a crude gasoline bomb shot and killed an airport security guard as he blasted his way onto a Delta Airlines DC9 where he killed a security guard, copilot, and then shot himself to death. U.S., East Germany formally establish diplomatic ties today WASHINGTON (AP) - Another bulwark of the Cold War falls today to the march of East-West detente with the formal establishment of diplomatic relations between the United States and East Germany. The recognition comes in a brief, matter-of-fact ceremony at the State Department in which Assistant Secretary of State Arthur A. Hartman will sign for (he United States and Herbert Suss for East Germany. Although not announced formally, State Department officials say former Republican Sen. John Sherman Cooper,.pf Kentucky will be nominated as "ambassador to the Communist state. Suss, a career diplomat, already has been named as the East German envoy. By today's action, the United States acknowledged it has given up hope for unifying Germany. The United States had never recognized the legitimacy of East Germany, officially known as the German Democratic Republic, following its establishment by the Soviet Union in 1949. But as relations improved generally between Washington and Moscow, more and more Western European countries began accepting the reality of an independent East German state. With the formal diplomatic link between East Berlin and Washington, all members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization recognize East Germany, except Canada. The agreement establishing the embassies calls for immediate talks to settle the question of financial claims held by the United States against the East Germans. These fall into three categories: —Payment for actions of the Nazis, including demands for the indemnification of Jews, now settled in the United States, who were deprived of rights or property by the Hitler regime. Bush named ambassador MIDLAND, Tex. (AP) - Republican National Committee Chairman George Bush said today he has been named ambassador to Red China, according to a former administrative aide. James N. Allison Jr., the onetime Bush aide and former deputy chairman of the Republican National Committee, made the announcement. "I am thrilled and excited about this appointment and feel it is the major ambassadorial challenge this country has," Bush said in a statement released by Allison. "I am looking forward to this important and challenging assignment." Compensation for American private and government property nationalized by the East Germans after World War II, including the old U.S. embassy in Berlin. —Settlement of municipal bond debts dating from pre- 1933. These claims traditionally are arbitrated by a nongovernmental international bond agency. None of these claims is expected to be a problem, and token settlements are expected. This pattern was followed by the United States in negotiations with other East European nations. More bodies dugfrom mass grave NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) More bodies were dug up today from a mass grave at the Turkish Cypriot village of Marat ha, and the Turks reported two more massacres in which they said 158 Turkish Cypriots may have died. Turkish Premier Bulent Ece- vit threatened "serious measures" against the Greek Cypriots if the massacres continued. Officers of the United Nations peace force counting skulls removed from a garbage pit outside Maratha said 84 'men, women and children had been buried in the grave. Survivors in the village 12 miles northwest of Famagusta said the victims were Turkish Cypriots slain by Greek Cypriot gunmen. The Greek Cypriot government of President Glafcos derides contended that the corpes might be those of Greek Cypriots missing in the district. A Nicosia newspaper said a medallion found on one of the bodies belonged to a Greek Cypriot woman who lived six miles from Maratha and was missing with her 7-year-old son. The Turkish Cypriot defense minister, Osman Orek, told newsmen he had been informed of two more alleged massacres. He said 96 Turkish Cypriots were missing from villages near the south coast and were believed buried at Palodhia, but Greek Cypriot police there refused to let U.N. investigators search for the grave. Orek also said that he had information that 62 Turkish Cypriot civilians from Timi, west of Umassol, had been killed and buried in that area. The derides government has called for an independent investigation by thu U.N. force and the International Red Cross of all atrocity charges, and Vice President Rauf Denktash, the leader of the Turkish Cypriot community, said he would welcome the inquiry. But nothini: has been done about getting it started.
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