Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 145 Slar of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927 Consolidated January IB, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Warmer tonight, except little temperature change in extreme east portion. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, APRIL 3, 1943 Reds Take (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Nazi Toll Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN The Bankhcad Bill Veto New Deal Frankly Industrial President Roosevelt yesterday vetoed the Bankhead bill to increase far mprices by excluding benefit payments in figuring the farm price formulas. Said the president in his veto message: , Allies Scatter Concenration * of 20 Jap Ships By The ASociated Prtss Allied war|)lanes have scattered _^ another concentration of nearly 20 '•• Japanose ships in the islands above Australia, Gen. Douglas MacAr- Ihur's headquarters announced today, amid signs that other enemy warships may be thrusting new toward American held Guadalcanal + in Iho Solomons. Two actions suggested the new enemy threat to Guadalcanal: 1. A Japanese communique broad cast by the Berlin radio, asserted that Japanese fleet planes had shot a down 47 Allied aircraft off the Rus••' sell Islands, ftO miles northwest of Guadalcanal. Nine Japanese planes were listed as lost. 2. Tokyo's claim followed issuance of a U. S. Navy announce^ mcnt yesterday that American - bombers a Hacked a force of five Japanese destroyers on the night of March 31, April 1 near Kolom- bangari island, 190 miles northwest of Guadalcanal. Concurrently, the Navy said, ft American fighters shol down 16 out of'30 't6 w 40 Japanese Zeros "in" a violent air bailie northwest of Guadalcanal. The Tokyo claim thai Japanose fleet planes shol down 47 Allied _ planes indicated a sizable force of -'Japanese warships in Ihc waters immediately north of Guadalcanal. There was no information, however, whether this force included the five Japanese destroyers attacked by U. S. fliers three nights ,**)ago off Kolombangari. Allied hcadquralros said United Nations airmen pounced on 13 Japanese ships, including destroyers, in the harbor at Kavieng, New Ireland, 550 miles above the Allied ,-fcbasc at Porl Moresby, New Guinea, • and half a dozen others in nearby Stcffcns Strait, A communique said the raiders scored probable hits on a 10,000- lon Japanese transport and on a 6,000-ton cargo ship, but darkness •/prevented observation ot further results of the attack. Other Allied planes bombed the enemy bases at Kavieng; Madang. New Guinea; and Gasmata and Cape Gloucester, New Britain; 1j and carried out low-level bombing and machine - gun attacks on Japanese trenches in the Mubo sector in northern New Guinea. U. S. Flying Fortrseses and Liberators also pounded the harbor and airdrome at Finschhafen on •• .1 the northeast coast of New Guinea. On the Burma front, RAF Blenheim bombers scl fires at Ihc Japanese-occupied rail town of Kanba- lu and bombed enemy targets on the Mayu peninsula along the Bay •''Jot Bengal, where Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavcll's british legions have be-on driving toward the Japanese basu at Akyab. Meantime, the War Department in Washington disclosed lhat U. S. ^ Army fliers have shot down seven Japanese planes for every one they have lost in Ihe last three months, destroying 384 enemy aircraft against 54 of their own. */ Engineers Develop New Chick Brooder Columbus, O. (A'i —A practical chick brooder which uses electric bulbs as .1 source of heat has been '.") developed at the Ohio Experiment Station. Few critical materials are required for its construction and il can be made at home at a moderate cost, thus helping lo meet Ihe poultry farm equipment shortage, flfl. P. Blauser. Ohio Stale University specialist in agriculture engineering, says. The brooder, either 4 feet square or 4x6 feel, will brood 250 or from 250 to 350 chicks. No thermostat is > required, heal control being dependent upon manual manipulation by the operator. Plywood or pressed wood is employed in construction, and Ihe lop must be insulated. The device is both lime and labor saving, Blauser says. A detachment of 2Gt! Marines which captured British slores in Bermuda in 1776 was the first U.S. invasion force. "I am compelled ot this action by the deep conviction that this measure is inflationary in character. II breaks down the barriers we have erected and which we must maintain in order lo avoid all disasters of inflation." The New Deal has been noted for giving new and contrary meanings to ordinary Anglo-Saxon words— but this is one time mere language fails lo screen ils true intent. The truth is thai the Now Deal has utterly abandoned the agricultural South and West and has become what its Republican opponent formerly was—Ihc Partj of the East. The president charges thai the Bankhcad bill would encourage inflation by raising farm prices— but the conviction of the South and West that the New Deal has precipitated inflation by Idling industrial wages and prices run riol for the last several years is alone supported by the record. We arc. of course, engaged in a bitter domestic quaircl that has nothing to do with the war. Regardless what the president says the South and Wcsl will demand that our representatives and senators immediately override the veto and enact the Bankhcad bill into law. Mr. Koosovclt has an irritating habit of stating every public question, as though it had but one solution. His solution for the problem of inflation is lo beat down agricul- .turc. But the alternative—and in government there is always on alternative—would be to cut down somewhat on industry, so thai agriculture, too, may earn a living wage. This the president will be compelled lo do if congress overrides his veto—as it must, and will. Americans Make Raid on Italian Bases Cairo, April 3 —(/I')— American Liberator B-24 bombers attacked Messiiiii, Sicily, and San Giovanni on (he opposite side of the straits on Ihe Italian mainland at dawn yesterday and did great damage to those two railway-ferry terminals in low-altitude assaults, a United Slates communique said today. The attack on Messina followed a night attack, a British commun- ique said, and the American airmen expressed belief they had succeeded in wrecking both terminals on the vlial supply roule lo Tunisia. Explosions from thousands of pounds of bombs rocked the aircraft as they blasled away from al- liluclcs ot only 450 feel, the fliers said. Hits on ferry buildings and a ferry boat were scored. One ferry was believed destroyed and another was damaged by machincgun fire from the low-flying planes. The Liberators also bombed other targets in Southern Italy and Sicily by daylight yesterday but clouds prevented observation of Ihe results. The planes were attacked by several enemy fighters and three of Ihc attackers were heavily damaged. OPA Loses Rent Control Case Litlle Rock, April 3 — l/l'i— The OPA losl its first rent control case involving an Arkansas hotel yesterday when Federal Judge T. C. Trimble refused to enjoin Hotel Marion here from what OPA alleged were violations of rental regulations. Judge Trimble directed the hostelry lo file all reports "as may be required. . . under the regulations" and commented he did not find evidence of bad faith, willful misconduct or disloyal motives. He .'aid an injunction "would only be a source of embarrassment" lo Ihe hole! and "Ihc utmost that could be accomplished would be to secure compliance with the regulations to the fullest "extent humanly possible, and this defendant has evidenced ils intention to do so." OPA charged Hotel Marion with registration of excess rates, inadequate registration, failure to post maximum rate cards in some rooms and at least 25 instances of overcharges for rooms ranging from 25 cents lo $2. Administration Works to Stem Farm Bloc Revolt -Washington Washington, April 3 — (/I 1 ) — Administration forces in Congress worked feverishly today to stem a new farm bloc revolt that threatened to override President Roosevelt's veto of a bill prohibiting the deduction of government benefit payments in calculating agricultural parity prices. Senator Bankhcad, (D-Ala.), author of the measure rejected by the president of the ground it was inflationary in ils effects and dangerous to both (he "constructive farm policy" and the "whole war effort," worked just as vevcrishly to muster voles for Tuesday's showdown when the question comes up again. Democratic Leader Barklcy of Kentucky conceded the odds were against gelling the necessary one- third vote to sustain the veto in the Senate, but declared he would make the fight. He thought the House, where the socallcd "city vote" counts most heavily, offered more favorable prospects for the administration. Outside the Capitol Hill lineup, organized labor appeared likely to exert some pressure for sustaining the president':; veto, with farm organizations generally expected to join the fight against it. The Congress oflndustrial Organizations and American Federation of Labor came out flatly in support of Mr. Roosevelt's action, with their respective presidents, Philip Murray and William Green, sisu- ing a joint statement to that effect. However, Albert S. Goss, master of the National Grance, major farm organization, said ho could "not, iiRi-eo with the president's reasoning or conclusions" and called the veto unfortunate. Senator Smith to Investigate Food Prices Washington, April 3 —(/Pi— Senator Ellison n. (Cotton Ed) Smith of South Carolina was fixing today to .sub-pocan a mess of black - eyed neas, hominy grits and cabbage before a Senate committee to support his contention that grocery store prices 'lave gone skyshooting way up out of proportion to what the farmer gets for his garden truck. "Those city boys down at the Office of Price Administration can wear their pencils out clean up to the erasers, but they can't deny that food's getting so high that before long the poor man won't be able to touch it with a 10-foot pole unless something's done." he said. As chairman of a Senate Agriculture subcommittee looking into the spread between the farm and retail prices of food, Smith figures the senators ought to havc definite evidence of what victuals are selling for — and then trace back to find out what the producer was paid tor them. So he said he was going to send out some of his girl clerks next week to buy groceries and bring back sales slips showing just what they paid for them. They won't order anything fancy — but plain old turnips and sweet potatoes and cabbage and maybe some collard grcns. "I'm going to tell' em to be sure and get some cabbage, " said the rugged South Carolinian who has a farm down in Lee county. "And I'm pleased to tell you why. "The other evening Mrs. Smith wanted half a head of cabbage to make some of that cole-slaw, just enough for her and me. So the grocery store sent her half a head of cabbage up and your eyes will bug out when I tell you what they charged for il. Twenty-five cents'. "And the other day she bought some of these lit lie billy rock-fish —some people call them striped bass. It was a dollar and a half, and I'd like to bel the man that caught it didn't gel more than a dime. "We're going to see about some i.if those things. The farmer is right in the smack-dab middle of a bad fix, wilh hired help hard to get and having to fix his wagons and liar rows with baling wire because there aren't enough spare parts. He's entitled to enough to live on." Although the resolution under which the committee launched ils investigation covers, for convenience, only prices in Ihc District of Columbia, the members are seeking lo establish the existence of what they believe to be a nationwide trend. II is now estimated that swans live ouly about 23 years. Gen. Eisenhower Inspects Front, Praises Troops —Africa By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April :i —iff-)— Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, returning from conferences with Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery and Gen. Sir Harold Alexander, said today fresh forces under Alexander, with effective air support, were "continuing to make satisfvictory progress" in the task of smashing the Axis out of-Africa. The Allied commander in chief inspected the Mnrcth front. He said every American had a right to feel proud of the progress made and that Americans in this theater shared the pride of the British in the achievements of the Eighth Army in driving Field Marshal Erwin Rommel from the fortified Ma roth positions. The day's Allied communique, reporting patrol activity all along the Tunisian front, said the British First Army of Lciut. Gen. K. A.N. Anderson was making further progress in the north and inflicting casualties on the enemy. British and American aerial sorties against Rommel's retreating forces on the coastal road above Gabcs were reported. General Eisenhower said the air forces had produced a fighting machine of "the highest morale, great efficiency and complete determination to finish the jobT" He said that, on visiting one American air uroun. he had found the fliers "in the highest spirits and delighted to work with the RAF to get their knowledge and experience." Eisenhower said the situation now permitted the disclosure of certain dispositions of the troops fighting in Tunisia. The elements which form General Alexander's 18lh Army group arc: The British First Army under Anderson in the north, in which is incorporated a French Corps under General Kocltz. The American force under Lieut. Gen. George S. Pattern, Jr., in the center — recently regrouped and no longer a part of the First Army —which includes four divisions that already have been in combat, the First Armored Division and the First, Ninth and 34th infantry divisions. The veteran British Eighth Army under General Montgomery which includes, among other units, a New Zealand division, an Indian division and two British infantry divisions. "The record of the Eighth Army is too brilliant to need any praise," General Eisenhower told war correspondents. "It has chased one of the enemy's most powerful forces across the desert and il is still full of energy for the final blow in Tunisia. "Every American soldier shares the pride of th e British in the inclusion of these fighters in the Allied forces." Discussing the prgoress of the campaign, Gen. Eisenhower said: "We hav c been fighting this campaign as Allies, since November for the forces in North Africa and since October for the Eighth Army. every British and American citizen and every British and American soldier had a right to draw pride- and inspiration from the record which this United Force is making for itself. "Many of the soldiers of the British First Army have been in action almost since the first day of the landing in North Africa. They havc gone through the hardships of a winter in the mountains and they have come out of it full of high spirits and determination. "In the days of ihc first drive into Tunisia we threw every American available into the line'to help Ihc First Army. These American units now have been regrouped and arc fighting as an entity under Gen. Alexander. The American soldiers are showing every day that they are capable of fighting with the war machines which our factories ar e turning out. "Our Allied ground, air and naval forces are cooperating to the single end of destroying the hostile forces in Tunisia. A special faction nf Iho Navy under Admiral Cunningham, and of the air forces, directed strategically by Air Chief Marshal Tedder, are to interfere with the enemy's maintenance and supply and to protect our own. In this role they have achieved some remarkable successes and their work is of an inestimable value to Gen. Alxeander and his ground forces as well as to the tactical operations of the air forces along the battle fronts. "The British, Americans and French in this theater, inspired by the common purpose of crushing Continued on Page Four) Today's War Map ALLIED DRIVES BY ALLIES Today's war map shows the British 8th Army driving toward Bizerte, Tunis as Allied warplanes blast the Axis in Tunisia, Mediterranean area. This map also pictures action on southern fronts. (NEA Telemap) First Week of Meat, Butter Rationing Ends By the Associated Press Wasnington, April 3 — As the nation's housewives do their first week - end shopping under the meat point - rationing syslcm lo day, tney can choose from slocks which — in mosl places — arc suf- ficiciv.ly increased dial Ihc Office of Price Administration has issued a warning against "point free" sales. While in some instances the pre- ralioning rush lefl butchers' supplies still depleted, the general improvement in stocks during the past week is so marked lhal cases of unrnlioned sales lo avoid spoilage A-oro reported last night. OPA promptly said its regulations provide ample protection for butchers whose supplies arc threatened with spoilage, and warned "point free" sales will be dealt with sternly. Officials reminded retailer they are permitted to "slim- ulate sales legally" by lowering point values, providing they post signs to thai effect, report to their local rationing boards and follow Ihe OPA - outlined procedure. Reluctance of housewives to part with their points until they understand their "counter" value belter was blamed largely for the cases of over - supply. A survey showed lliese situations in various section: Chicago — Dealers in five-stale Great Lakes area generally well stocked compared last week, when runs were commonplace. Denver — Shops slightly over stocked, but points expected to come in for week - end buying. Some danger of. spoilage of certain neals. New York — Shortage apparently ended as result of temporary relief measures, curtailed consumer demand and point hoarding. Portland — Dealers doing only one - third of last week's business, but able to yet only '50 per cent of the beef needed to meet demands. Birmingham — Situation improved, but still nol enough beef for demand. DCS Moincs — Supplies adequate but slill nol enough bct'f for demand. DCS Moincs — Supplies adequate, bul still incomplete compared wilh pasl. New Orleans — Some dealers planning "clearance sales" lo avoid threatened spoilage. San Francisco — A typical dealer comments: "There are no lines of customers today, thank good- lies. Plumy of meal today bul next week will tell Ihe story." Seattle — Dealers report three fourths of area's retail markets still have no meal. Packers complain no profit under present ceiling system. Boston — Heavy supply of pork. Many insisting on boneless cuts. Newark — Supplies till hort. Poultry fast disappearing. Dallas — Oversupply replaces shortage of recent weeks. RAF Attacks Sub Bases on French Coast London, April 3 — (/TV — RAF heavy bombers attacked Nazi submarine pens at Lorient and St. Nazairc in Western Franco last night, (he air ministry announced today. Two bombers were lost on the raid. The two German Uboat yards havc been among the most frequent find most - heavily bombed targets of the war. The air ministry communique said "last night aircraft of the bomber command attacked submarine bases at Lorient and St. Nazaire. Mines also were laid in enemy vaters. Two bombers are missing." Residents at Folkestone reported they heard a heavy force of aircraft returning over the channel early today following the sound of explosions in the direction of Dunkerque, on France's channel coast. Britain itself was free of raids for the second successive night and early today marked 36 hours in which not a bomb had been reported dropped on all England. With cannon blazing and bombs spilling from the planes, a squadron of seven or cigbt Focke-Wulf ISO's raided a town on the south coast late this morning. several persons were killed when a bomb hit a surface air raid shelter. Anli- aircr.ift gunners reported they damaged several of the planes. Previously Brition had confessed Ihev were puzzled by the abswencc of German reprisal raids. A week has gone by since Berlin suffered its heaviest punishment at the hands of the RAF, and until today's raid there had been no concerted reprisal attempt. Competent air sources said il was likely that the Germans had realized they could nol afford to 1 make raids for propaganda effec and suffer heavy losses in their waning air power. The raid on Lorient. was the 69lh (jf Ihe war and St. Nazaric gol its 47ht pounding. | U. S. bombers hit Loricnl last March 6 in daylight and the RAF's last previous visit was the night of Feb. 16-17. Young Alma Girl to Represent State North Little Rock. April 3 —i.-l'i— Miss Jane Stallings. 15, Alma, will represent Arkansas in the American Legion's regional oratorical contest at Little Rock Hit;h school April 14. Miss Slallings, youngest of the four contestants, won llie state championship here yesterday. In the regional sho will compete with the Louisiana. Missouri and Mississippi champions. She is the daughter of Ihe Rev. and Mrs. O. N. Stallings and a sophomore in Alma high school. Et-lctro-pluting of silver first was di- scoveivd about the middle of the 19th I century. I i Judge to Rule on Charges in Tulsa Shooting Tulsa, Okla. April 3 (/P)— ""Attractive Mrs. Ella B. Howard will learn today whether she will be tried on a charge of murder in the fatal shooting of Mrs. T. Karl Simmons, wife of a wealthy oil man. Common Pleas Judge Grady S. Cornell, who heard Ihe prosecution describe the trim 44-year old Fort Worth divorcee as the "rootin, 1 tootin 1 , shoolin' Ella Howard," and Ihc defense declare Mrs. Simmons went to Mrs. Howard's hotel room "with no good in her heart," said he would rule at 9:30 a.m. on the evidence presented at the preliminary hearing. In his final argument County at- lorncy Dixie Gilmer declared Mrs. Howard, Ihe mother of two children, came out of her room "with a smoking pistol in her hand, ran to another room and there, what did she do? She called her lawyer." Marvin Simpson a defense atlor- ney, asserted: "Wo find Mrs. Simmons bursting into Mrs. Howard's room. We find Mrs. Howard running from that room calling for help. The telephone was off the hook because Ihcre are bruises on Mrs. Howard's body.' 1 Mrs. Howard told aulhorilis at her arrest eight days ago that Mrs. Simmons forced her way into her room threatened lo kill her with a gun and that in a struggle, the gun was discharged. Defense Attorney Waller Scott declared Mrs. Simmons' "acts showed she was there for trouble." Simmons was questioned briefly when called as a state witness. George Shchan, a veteran em- ploye of Simmons, told of accompanying Mrs. Simmons to Ihc ninth floor of the Mayo hotel. "She told me Mrs. Howard was registered in the hotel and she thought Mrs. Simmons was up there with ner," he related. He said he looked into Mrs. Simm ins' purt-c lo "make sure she wasn't armed," and then returned to Ihe lobby. Men WaTworkers Spruce Up For Gals McKeesporl, Pa. (.Vi — The urge of war workers, who now find llu-mselves working side by side wilh women in many plains, to spruce up is having a complica- tiny effect on the family budget. The Public Health Nursing Association, in reporting an the effect (if wartime employment in mill town homes, says the men arc dressing more neatly. Wives loll visiting nurses their husbands are taking more time to clean their grime-stained hands, and thai lakes more soap. Instead of iwo clean shirts.a week, now they want three or four. They don't like to wear lorn or patched clothing on the job, either. And so the wives have to spend more money on the husband upkeep division of the budget. The first U.S. Mariner were recruited at Philadelphia's historic Tun Tavern during the Revolution. Kill 850,000, Take 340,000 in Winter Push —Europe By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, April 3 — (/P) — The Red Army, in a sweeping winter offensive now ended which is officially declared to have resulted in killing of 850,000 Germans, has pushed its lines almost to Velizh, 70 miles northwest of Smolensk on the central front and within about 15 miles of White Russia, war maps published in the official press indicatde. today. (Russian communiques have not announced the capture of any specific lacalities which would advance Soviel lines so far.) Hammering hard to drive the Germans from their Kuban bridgehead in the Caucasus, the Russians havc advanced to the eastern gates of Novorossisk, the Black Sea naval base, are practically at the front doors of Slaraya Russa in the Lake Ilmen area and are but 12 miles east of Taganrog on the sea of Azov west of Rostov, the maps disclosed. The maps were the first full war maps ever printed in Moscow of the long Russian front. Publication of the maps came after a special communique last night announced the end of the winter offensive in which it was said the Germans lost 1,193,525 men, including 850,000 killed and over 340,000 captured, and in which the Russians regained 185,328 square miles of their territory and captured or destroyed 5,090 G e'r- man planes 9,190 tanks and 20,360 guns. (The German high command in a communique recorded by the Associated Press from the Berlin radio .feSfed -tfte,., , Gerrmms, launched their own' "offensive of Lake Ilmen. ("In knee deep mud and breast deep water our troops fought their way to their objectives, threw back an enemy group into the swamp and destroyed it," the communi- que said. It claimed the capture of 370 prisoners, the killing of 1,225 Russians and the destruction of 26 tanks. The front elsewhere was quiet, the communique said, except on the Leningrad front south of Lake Ladog.) Red Star, printing its first full page map, disclosed that Soviet gains were greater in some places than had been believed by observers. Velizh, still held by the Germans, is about 60 miles southeast of Ve- likie Luki. The Russians captured Velikie LukT on the central front early in 1,116 winter and then began enlarging their gains southward. Velizh is only about 45 miles from Vitebsk which is on the Smolensk Riga lailway. The map showed the Russians were only about 36 miles from Smor lensk at the nearest point where they were just northeast of Yart sevo, a railstnlion on the Moscow Smolensk line. The Red army also has closed in on Orel, 200. miles south of Moscow, until it is only 30 miles east of that key objective. Both Orel and Smolensk there fore arc almost within range of big Soviet guns, while Taganrog on the Sea of Azov is well within range. The map also showed that Kinsho. 54 miles southeast, of Leningrad, is virtually surrounded by the Russians. Norman Lewis of Hope Dies New York in Norman Lewis, 28. son of Mr. and Mrs. Gib Lewis of Hope, died in a hospital at New York city lale Wednesday. He had been in ill health for a long lime. The body will be brought to Hope for burial. Funeral arrangements are incomplete pending arrival of the body. He was a graduate of Hope High School and the University of Arkansas. At the time of his death he was employed as a chemist by Ihe Dupont company. Besides his parents he is survived by his wife of New York and a sister, Mrs. David A. Griffin of Hope. Sweden Loses 166 Ships In War Stockholm t.-Vi — Since Ihe outbreak of the war until the end of, 1942, Sweden's merchant marine lost a total of 166 vessels, of 447,305 Kross tons, including ten fishing boais of 601 gross tons. In addition 1.011 persons losl their lives, according lo a report by the Swedish Board of Trade.
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