, The late Br&wn furw, of OzQti.tdld The Editor; -j. The trouble with our Country Is: The garage is where the smoke-house ought to be, Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Political raid financed by tax on labor A bulging balance in the state treasury, built up in part by a tax on labor, has convinced the political powers that it should be spent, and all at once—in a $75-million state office building complex in Pulaski county. A still worse feature of the proposal is that it calls for issuing $75 million in bonds. Yet the plan has the support of the legislative Council, the slate Building Authority—and Gov. Dale Bumpers. Regardless of such powerful backing the people of Arkansas should rise in wrath and halt this monstrous steal to build up the economy of the state's capital city. State Senator Morris Henry has suggested that the best way to block this enrichment of Pulaski county is to file a taxpayer's suit, and he reports, that several of the legislators are working on such a suit. They have this editor's and his newspaper's endorsement, and a guarantee that we will participate in underwriting the legal cost. The infuriating aspect of this prodigal project is that it wouldn't have been conceivable without the additional taxes a recent legislative session voted because the tax-eaters raised a great clamor over what they said was an impending money crisis in state government. So taxes were raised, and, specifically, the sales tax was extended to labor. You pay 3 per cent sales tax when you buy a pair of shoes. But now you also pay sales tax on every shoe-repair bill. That is a tax on labor. You pay sales tax when you buy a new t v'omobile. But now you also pay 1 sales 'tax on every car-repair bill. That is a tax on labor. Not only should a taxpayer's Hempsledd County VOL. 75—No. 275—8 Pages Home of the Bowie Knife Member of the Associated Press i Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. Features HOPE, ARKANSAS TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER :5. 1!>74 Av. net paiil circulation :) months ending March 31.19*4—4.080 As fili'ri with Audit Hun-mi of Circulations, subject to audit. PRICE lOc UMW presents list of demands WASHINGTON (AP) — The United Mine Workers presented an inch-thick list of demands ranging from higher wages to safer working conditions as crucial contract negotiations began today with the nation's coal operators. UMW president Arnold Miller and his team of negotiators sat down at the Hay-Adams Hotel with representatives of the Bituminous Coal Operators Association in an effort to reach agreement on a new industry- wide contract before the present three-year pact expires Nov. 12. The union represented 115,000 miners who produce about 75 per cent of the nation's coal. Miller and Walter C. Wallace, president of the operators association, were expected to discuss the union proposals at a news conference scheduled later in the day. Miller met privately with President Ford on Monday at •the White House's invitation, a session which underscored the administration's concern over the contract talks. Although both sides are hopeful of reaching a peaceful settlement, most Cold front chills Dixie suit be filed to stop the $75- million state office complex project—but also a petition should be circulated for a popular vote to repeal the new or higher taxes recently enacted by the legislature. A couple of years ago they said the state didn't have enough money. But now it has so much on hand that the political powers see no remedy but to wipe out the cash balance with a bonded debt to enrich Pulaski county. Highway toll: 483 By The Associated Press Accidents on the nation's highways killed 483 persons over the Labor Day holiday period. Cold, rainy weather over most of the nation may have kept many Americans home and helped reduce the toll. The National Safety Council estimated before the holiday began that 450 to 550 persons might die in highway accidents, its lowest estimate for a Labor Day in more than 10 years. The council cited the new national speed limit of 25 miles per hour as the reason for the low estimate. Last year 559 persons were killed during the Labor Day weekend. The record toll for a Labor Day holiday period was 688 in 1968. The 78-hour holiday period began at 6 p.m. local time Friday and ended at midnight Monday local time. By The Associated Press A record-breaking cold front rolled across the Plains and plunged into the South today, pushing heavy rains in front of it. Temperatures in the 30s were common overnight in the Plains and northern ..Midwest with. 1 record lows for the date set at •; North Platte, Neb., where it was 33, and Minneapolis, Minn., •' with 36. Lincoln, Neb., with 40, and St. Joseph, Mo., at 48 also were record lows for the date. Just before midnight the front established Sept. 2 records for many Plains cities, including a 47 at Amarillon Tex. Frost warnings were posted in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Nebraska and the Dakotas. Clouds fringed the front from the southern Plains to the north Atlantic Coast. Rainfall overnight measured 1.81 inches at Charlottesville, Va., and 1.57 at Del Rio, Tex. Streets and viaducts were flooded in parts of Southwest Texas, and flooding also was reported in South Central Kentucky. Fifty-degree temperatures in the Northeast over Labor Day were in sharp contrast to the 91 at Seattle which set a record for a Sept. 2. The 60s and 70s prevailed along the Gulf and south Atlantic Coast states. Skies were clear in the northern Plains, the northern Rock- ies and over the Plateaur region. Temperatures before dawn ranged from 32 at Hibbing, Minn., to 93 at Needles, Calif. Some other reports: Anchorage 60 clear, Atlanta 67 partly cloudy, Boston 60 cloudy, Buffalo 52 rains, Chicago 53 rain, Cincinnati 53 rain. Cleveland 57 rain, Dallas 54 cloudy, Denver 50 cloudy, Detroit 50 rain, Honolulu 72 rain, Indianapolis 50 cloudy, Kansas City 49 clear, Los Angeles 76 clear, Louisville 56 rain, Miami 83 clear, Minneapolis-St. Paul 36 clear, Nashville 69 rain, New York 63 cloudy, Philadelphia 67 rain, Phoenix 91 clear, Pittsburgh 64 rain, St. Louis 51 partly cloudy, San Francisco 57 partly cloudy, Seattle 71 partly cloudy. industry officials expect a strike. Details of the union's proposals have not yet been released, but spokesmen have said the package is broad enough to allow UMW negotiators plenty of bargaining room. But while some areas are open to bargaining, the industry team is expected to face hard union positions on certain issues that will form the core of Miller's proposals. Among them are: —Wages. Because of inflation, Miller wants wages advanced from the present $42.50$50 range. He feels industry can afford higher pay now that coal prices are soaring with the energy crunch. The union also wants an escalator clause to cope with rising consumer prices. Mine Safety. The UMW' ..wants to broaden and clarify the rights of mine safety committees to shut down mine sections when conditions are considered unsafe. —Job Bidding. The union wants promotions strictly on the basis of seniority, while industry prefers a qualifications system. This could be one of the stickiest issues, as promo- lions have been one of the most frequent causes of wildcat strikes that plague the mines. Additional prime issues will be streamlined grievance procedures, sick pay (the miners currently have none and! increased per-ton royalties paid by the companies into the miners' Welfare and Retirement Fund. If talks bog down on any of these key points, or if the, package presented'to the minerS'fbr " ratification does not treat them to the satisfaction of the increasingly militant members of the UMW, the chances of a lengthy strike after Nov. 12 ind crease sharply. Addis Ababa guarded by riot police ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) - Ethiopia's new military rulers sent riot police into the main streets of Addis Ababa today following the first demonstrations against Emperor Haile Selassie ever seen in the kingdom. Several hundred students massed on the campus of the national university on Monday chanting "Hang Haile Selassie," and unemployed youths paraded through the main streets with placards blaming the 82-year-old emperor for the famine afflicting the country in recent years and also for their inability to find jobs. There was no repetition of the demonstrations today. The Armed Forces Committee, which has been the real power in the country since February, said it welcomed public support for its campaign against corruption and malad- ministration, but public demonstrations were still forbidden in the interests of safety and security. Before Monday's demonstration, posters were circulated showing a picture of the emperor feeding his pet dogs alongside a picture of emaciated famine victims. Thousands have died of malnutrition in the past three years. Centennial teens elect 2 lieutenants The Centennial Teens—a newly-formed group of young people—elected Johnny ViCkers lieutenant of the team of 25 boys. Ann Thrash was elected lieutenant in charge of the 25-girl team. );'. The Teen girls will wear long dresses of their choice with matching white bonnets and parasols. The boys will be dressed in green vests, white shirts, red and black sleeved garters, black hats, pants, and string ties. The Centennial Teens will assist the Belles and the Beaux in many of their activities for the coming Centennial celebration. Weak Carmen heads into Gulf of Mexico MERIDA, Mexico (AP) Hurricane Carmen lost much of its force early today as it crossed the Yucatan peninsula and headed into the Gulf of Mexico, but was expected to regain strength as it moved over open water. Three dead were reported in its path. At 9 a.m. EOT, the storm's center was just east of Camp- echen Mexico, at latitude 20 north and longitude 90 west. Forecasters said Carmen was drifting northward at about 5 m.p.h. and the storm's movements would be erratic for the next 24 hours. The National Hurricane Center in Miami said Carmen was still weakening and was not expected to start building strength until the center moved out over the Gulf of Mexico late today. Forecasters said it was too early to say which land areas might be threatened once Carmen reached the Gulf, and marine interests around the Yucatan and southern Gulf of Mexico.,were warned to be algrt for future advisories on the storm,".'' "We'll have to wait for it to get over the water again- and see how much of a system we have before we can think downstream to see if it will threaten people," said Neal Frank, hurricane center director. Heavy rains were reported over most of the Yucatan Pen- ninsula today, with winds up to 50 m.p.h. reported at Merida, Mexico. Because the storm was moving slowly, the rainfall would continue over the Yucatan possibly into Wednesday. Local flooding was expected. With top winds of 175 miles per hour as it hit Yucatan's east coast Monday, Carmen was the strongest storm to come out of the western Caribbean since Hurricane Hattie in 1961. But though Hattie killed 250 persons in Belize, the capital of what was then British Honduras, the only casualties reported so far from Carmen were three persons drowned last weekend near 'Kingston, Jamaica. Carmen hit Yucatan in the southern part of the state of Quintana Roo, and Gov. David Gutierrez reported late Monday night: "We have material damage such as destroyed homes, 'j fallen trees and electric and telephone .lines. But there are no victims." The governor said he was sending plane crews today to two villages on the coast that had not been heard from. Other sketchy reports from Chetumal, the capital of Quintana Roo, said at least 2,300 of the town's 10,000 people had i-been driven frqm their homes, ' and tides were 15 feet above normal. Carmen moved slowly across the Yucatan peninsula Monday, advancing at less than 10 m.p.h. Only small settlements of Mayan Indians were in its path, and the noted, centuries- old Mayan ruins were considerably to the north. Meanwhile, Becky, the season's first hurricane, was downgraded to a tropical storm as it continued to lose strength today in the open North Atlantic far from land. Female storm pilot takes it in stride JACKSONVILLE, Fla. (AP) — Judy Neuffer looks at herself as a woman who has been in the right place at the right time, twice. The first was when the Navy opened flight training to women. The second came on Sunday when she was in the pilot's seat of a Navy P3 weather reconnaissance plane which penetrated the eye of Hurricane Carmen, with its winds of 175 miles per hour. The 25-year-old lieutenant from Wooster, Ohio, thus became the first woman pilot in naval history to fly into a hurricane's eye. "I didn't know what to expect, but I think I can honestly say I didn't feel fear," she said. "I have lots of confidence in the aircraft and in the crew. They know their job and they know it well." She also was helped by the commanding officer of the four- engine turboprop jet, Cmdr. Dick Sirch, an experienced hurricane hunter who supported her and briefed her on what to Newark settles down after disturbance NEWARKNN.J.(AP)-De- spile minor disorders al a housing project, peace was restored today in Ihis industrial city following a two-day rampage by Puerto Ricans angered over alleged police brutality. The disturbance, which began at a Puerto Rican picnic Sunday, included massive demonstrations, window-breaking, two shootings and several fires. On Monday, police charged down Broad Street, the main thoroughfare in this city of 400 000 lo clear abp.ul 1,000 protesters' Police saia today there were scattered incidents of minor vandalism at Columbus Homes, a predominantly Puerto Rican project. The weather forecast called for rain throughout the day. Authorities hoped this would keep people off the streets. On Monday evening hundreds of demonstrators pelted City Hall with stones and shattered windows in busmessess along Broad Street, prompting po'ice lo clear the area. Fire officials said a series of fires suspicious in origin broke out, and a fire bomb was thrown into a Roman Catholic convent. The violence followed by one day disorders at a Puerto Rican picnic in Branch Brook Park. Puerto Ricans charged that police used excessive force in breaking up that melee. Two men were shot at the picnic, a child was trampled by a policeman's horse, several persons were injured by thrown objects and four vehicles were burned. Authorities did not say what caused the disturbance or who fired the shots. Mayor Kenneth A. Gibson had said early Monday evening, "The most important thing is to have the people of Newark understand that we have a critical situation on the streets." He asked residents of this city of 400,000 to stay indoors. About 10 per cent of Newark's population is Scanish- speaking. Approximately 50 per cent of the population is black. A police spokesman said reports of snipers firing on officers or firemen "are not at all confirmed." He denied rumors that state police or national guard reinforcements would be called. expect. Sirch said she compares well with other new pilots. "Basically, she did a super job," he said, "When I found out I was getting a woman pilot, I expected a tomboy or a woman's libber. This is just a young lady who seriously wants to be a pilot. She knows she's being observed as a new breed, so she makes an extra effort to do as well as she can." Lt. Neuffer has been in the Navy for four years since graduation from Ohio State University. Her first assignment was at a computer center in San Diego. When the Navy opened its flight program to women, Lt. Neuffer, the daughter of a World War II fighter pilot, rushed to apply. "I had spent most of my life around airports because my father has worked at or managed airports since the war. Flying's in my blood," she said. "I was surprised when I got this assignment. But I wanted weather work, so I took the chance, and I made it." The Navy's five other female pilots are all in the cargo transport division. Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m —Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. COOL Ford is marshaling forces to combat living cost surge WASHINGTON (AP) - With praise from George Meany for his forthright approach, President Ford is marshaling his forces to combat the cost of living surge. Ford confers twice today with his economic advisers to move along plans for the White House conference on inflation. The inflation parley of economists, political figures and business and labor leaders is set for Sept. 27-28. L. William Seidman, executive director of the conference, joins Kenneth Rush, the President's economic counselor, and Alan Greenspan, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, in meeting with Ford in the morning. An expanded group of economic advisers then will meet for an hour with Ford in the afternoon. Ford also received some unofficial economic advice Monday when Meany, in a Labor Day radio address over CBS, urged the President to lay out for the public what Meany said were the hard facts of in- flationn recession and unemployment. Meany said "the past five and a half years of deceit and deviousness" have caused people to blame government — not business and labor — for the nation's economic woes. But that will change under Ford's administration, Meany said. Lloyds loss is blamed on officials LONDON (AP) - International pressure for tighter controls on foreign exchange dealings by major banks will likely increase following the disclosure by Lloyds Bank of London that it lost as much as $78.2 million in currency transactions in Switzerland, financial commentators said today. Lloyds, one of Britain's big four clearing banks, blamed the loss on the manager of its branch in Lugano, Switzerland, and his subordinate in charge of foreign currency dealings. The bank, which has no connection with the famed insurance syndicate of the same name plus an apostrophe, said the loss did not threaten its solvency. 11 said tax offsets and insurance could reduce the loss to $44.4 million, only a fourth of the amount of the foreign currency debt that forced the collapse of the Herstatt Bank in West Germany in June and less than the $52 million loss in foreign currency dealings that endangered the Franklin National Bank of New York. The Swiss Federal Banking Commission said it was investigating to determine whether criminality was involved. But foreign exchange dealers said mammoth speculative profits and losses have become common in the international money markets, partly because the markets have been allowed Lo operate with a minimum of government control for the past 18 months clue to the abandonment of the fixed rates of exchange supported by government buying and the free floating of currencies within comparatively wide limits. "Much of the tune, the internal lonal foreign exchanges operate like a vasl gambling casino with none of the central bank authorities able to impose the proper control over what is going on," one business commentator .said. However, American, West German and Swiss banking authorities have recently been calling for more detailed accounting of foreign exchange dealings by banks operating in their countries. The Western central bankers hold one of their regular meetings in Zurich this weekend, ami they are expected to discuss controls. Some central bunkers have argued that a return to a .system of fixed exchange rales is the only answer to dangerous speculation by banks "Straight talk is this President's long suit and that is what the country and her people need," he said. Meany, president of the AFL- CIO, went on to assert that the current inflation is not caused by excessive demand and, therefore, that "budget cuts, high interest rates and tight money — which might be appropriate weapons against excessive demand inflation — simply will not work." Instead, the Ford administration should seek to increase home construction, end exports of scarce commodities, create a public service employment program and close tax loopholes, Meany urged in his broadcast address. Another labor leader, Arnold Miller, president of the United Mine Workers, met with Ford on Monday and promised his union's support for the inflation conference. Miller was among some 200 representatives of business, labor, Congress and the Ford cabinet who witnessed the signing of the pension bill, formally known as the Employe Retirement Income Security Act. Among other provisions, the law sets government standards for the funding and operation of private pension plans. It also establishes a government agency to manage a pension insurance fund to pay benefits in cases where pension plans collapse financially. Demo leaders eye health, tax revision as top priority items WASHINGTON (AP) — Democratic leaders seeking to bolster the record of the 93rd Congress are eyeing national health insurance and tax revision as two top priority items in the closing weeks of the session. But any chance of action in these controversial areas runs headlong into the desire of most members of Congress to end the 1974 session before the Nov. 5 elections. Most of the leaders concede there is no chance of getting Dedication of building Wednesday Dedication ceremonies for the new District 3 headquarters of the Arkansas Highway Department will be held at 2 p.m. Wednesday with Rep. Larry Patterson as master of ceremonies. Dedicatory address will be given by James A. Branyan of the Arkansas Highway Commission. Guests will include members of the AHC, city, state, and county officials. Prior to the dedication ceremonies, a luncheon will be held at the Trade Winds motel. The grey brick building, completed last month at a cost of $1,213,654.00, is located on Highway 29 north within the city limits. Somoza leading MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) — Gen. Anastasio Somoza built up an expected overwhelming lead today in slow returns from Sunday's presidential election. Reporting on less than 100 per cent of the estimated 700,000 votes, the national electoral office said Somoza had 60,907 to 3,080 for Edmundo Paguaga of the Conservative party. Complete returns are not expected for at least canother week, but the dictator whose family has ruled Guatemala for 40 years is expected to maintain his 20-to-l lead. Sornoza, 38, a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, succeeded his brother Luis who died in 1967. He resigned in 1971 to comply with a constitutional provision prohibiting a president from succeeding himself but turned the government over to a triumvirate that he controlled. Paguaga was one of the triumvirate, and opponents of the regime charged that his presidential candidacy was ordered by Somoza to create a meangingless semblance of opposition. legislation on either subject to President Ford unless the session reconvenes after the elections. The Senate returns Wednesday from a Labor Day recess, and the House resumes a week later. Congress has considerable other business remaining and it is doubtful that it can meet its Oct. 15 target dale for adjournment even if it shelves health insurance and major tax legislation. The House Ways and Means -Committee has been struggling with the complexities of national health insurance for weeks. Before the recess Chairman Wilbur D. Mills, D-Ark., threw up his hands and said it did not seem possible to reach a satisfactory compromise this year. But Senate sponsors of measures in the field say they have not given up hope. In his first speech to Congress as President, Ford asked on Aug. 12 for passage of a health insurance bill during this Congress. Sens. Russell B, Long, D-La., and Abraham A. Ribicoff, D- Conn., are still pushing their proposal to protect some families hardest hit by medical bills. It would guard all persons against the huge costs of a catastrophic illness and would improve the present program of health benefits for low-income families. Ways and Means has written a far-reaching lax bill, and Mills has pledged to get it through the House in September. However, it seems unlikely that the Senate Finance Committee could conduct hearings on this measure, draft its own version, and get it passed by the Senate and into conference with the House before December. Some members argue that all Congress can do this year is to pass those provisions of the House bill aimed at windfall oil-company profits. The legislators also might be forced to return after the elections lo complete work on the nomination of Nelson A. Rockefeller to be Vice President if his extensive financial holdings lead to lengthy hearings. Congress still has to send to the President 7 of the 14 appropriations bills needed to run Ihe government in the present fiscal year. Tillis tickets now on sale Mell Tillis and the Statesiders, a musical group, will star at this year's Third District Livestock Show. They will appear at 7 and at 9 p.m. Tuesday, September 24. Tickets, wHcb are n.o\y oo sale, may be purchased at the House of Music and at Citizens National Bank i« Hope. Advance tickets to the show include gate admission anu un-thc-grouad parltiug.
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