The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on May 18, 1998 · Page 1
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 1

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Salina, Kansas
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Monday, May 18, 1998
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Page 1
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hturmoH Indonesia's poor people think the unrest will continue/AS J" "j 6^ Perfect! Yankee pitcher David Wells hurls a perfect game / 61 •/ .' MICPOSQft: Software giant likely to face antitrust lawsuits today / A2 : Man saves boy but drowns before reaching shore / A9 *** Salina Journal OAPwmrt I^An^Ao nins\A H Q"7H ^^^^^ Serving Kansas .since 1871 Low: 68 Partly cloudy today with south winds 10to20mph/A8 Ann Landers/A8 Classified/B5 Comics / B8 Crossword / B8 Deaths/A9 Great Plains/A3 Sports/B1 Viewpoints/A4 )AY MAY 18, 1998 SALINA, KANSAS 50 cents w HEALTH jl- •• • •• • • Drug shows promise against breast cancer In tests, medicine shrinks size of breast cancer tumors; drug is expected to be marketed this fall fey DANIEL Q. HANEY : i7ie Associated Press ••• LOS ANGELES — In the first success of an {new approach to fighting cancer, scientists have shown they can lengthen the lives of pome terminally ill breast cancer patients tovith a medicine that thwarts the defective Irenes causing their disease. !: Attacking cancer at its genetic roots has J>een a goal of science for two decades, but re- jjr LOTTERY iPowerball i/;> players get to try again No one wins elusive jackpot; record payoff expected to reach $150 million for the next drawing searchers said Sunday that this is firm evidence at last they can actually do this. Experts predict that the new drug, called Herceptin, will come on the market next fall and could quickly become a standard treatment for the one-quarter or more of breast cancer patients whose tumors are driven by multiple copies of a gene called HER-2. Her- ceptin substantially boosts the power of ordinary chemotherapy and carries none of the usual cancer drug side effects, such as nausea and hair loss. Perhaps even more important, doctors say, is that this treatment works at all, because it shows that one of the hottest areas of cancer research is likely to pay off. "This proves the paradigm. If we understand what is broken in the malignant cell, we may be able to fix it," said Dr. Dennis Slamon of the University of California, Los Angeles. Dozens of other drugs in earlier stages of development are aimed at sidestepping a variety of genetic flaws that make tumors grow uncontrollably, and several of these could be available in the next few years. Results of the first large studies of Her- ceptin were presented Sunday at the society's annual scientific meeting, attended by about 18,000 cancer specialists. Doctors tested it on women with invariably fatal advanced breast cancer that had spread to other parts of their bodies. When added to standard treatment, they found it lengthened their lives an average of three months. Researchers are unsure of the treatment's ultimate impact on survival, but a few cases suggest it could be substantial in those with the HER-2 defect. Typically, such women die within 10 to 18 months after the cancer spreads; however, one of the earliest patients to get Herceptin is still alive after almost six years and another has survived nearly four years. Although the drug will not be routinely available until it wins Food and Drug Administration approval, small amounts are distributed through a lottery run by the National Cancer Institute. Drug lottery Those interested in entering the lottery for Herceptin cap [ obtain information by calling the National Cancer Institute at 1800-4-CANCER. by P. SOLOMON BANDA tye Associated Press £! DES MOINES, Iowa — Players disappointed .; \t losing out on a record jackpot for the 20- i itate Powerball lottery will get another :hance — the prize for the next drawing is es- imated to reach $150 million. Millions of dollars in ticket sales last week pushed the prize to $119 million for Saturday night's drawing — a record for United States lotteries. Kansas is part of the lottery. Because nobody picked the winning combination, the prize rolls over to Wednesday's draw- nig — estimated to swell to $150 million. "That means I can still win," Austin Campbell, 73, Des Moines, said happily Sunday. "I'll spend at least one more dollar." Others agreed. "There are lots of people disappointed about not becoming millionaires, including me," said Leonard Dezaiffe, a clerk at Schulte's 38th Street Store in Great Falls, Mont. ^They'll try again." On Saturday, a constant stream of customers had besieged grocery and convenience fetores, gas stations and other retailers. lp"We were constantly having four people jiejep," said Todd Downing, one of two clerks |t a Bridgemart convenience store in Betten- porf, Iowa. "At night it was twice as bad. You Couldn't even get into the lot. !'It will be twice as bad on Wednesday." --The West Des Moines-based Multi-State Lottery Association said $37 million worth of tickets were sold Saturday in the District of Columbia and 20 states where Powerball is filayed. , 111.2; iillion,July7, won'in ; $89.5 million, Dec. 22,1993, won GRADUATIONS KELLY PRESNELL / The Salina Journal Kelly Jackson adjusts Lori McMurray's tassel with pinpoint precision Sunday before graduation at Southeast of Saline High School. Jackson became the official tassel adjuster in the final moments before the ceremony began. Lessons for life Graduating seniors get words of advice: Be reflective and trust in God By CAROL LICHTI The Salina Journal mong the important lessons Todd Kohman said he and the other 50 seniors graduating Sunday from Southeast of Saline learned in high school was not to procrastinate. "By the way Mr. (Don) Wagner, my final will be on your desk before I leave," Kohman said at the school's graduation, turning to look at the school's English teacher. Sunday marked graduation ceremonies for the high school southeast of Salina as well as three Salina schools — St. John's Military School, Sacred Heart High School and Kansas Wesleyan University. Sunday was a historic one for Emmanuel Christian School, where the first class of 10 graduating seniors received their diplomas. Daunting challenges ahead At Southeast of Saline, 51 graduates adorned in gray-and-purple caps and gowns waited to get then- diplomas. The balcony around the school's gymnasium was lined with parents and grandparents aiming cameras and videocassette recorders. Speaker Christopher Thomforde, president of Bethany College in Lindsborg, reminded the seniors of significant events that had happened during their four years of high school: • A baseball strike eliminated the World Series. • Violence occurred in Rwanda and Oklahoma City. • Rock singer Kurt Cobain of the band Nirvana died. • Pope John Paul II met Cuban leader Fidel Castro. • The Dow Jones Industrial Average soared. • And Cal Ripken of the Baltimore Orioles broke a major league record by playing in more consecutive baseball games than any other player. Thomforde told the students they would face daunting challenges in their lifetimes, including finding cures for AIDS and cancer, establishing a substantial economic base for the Great Plains and creating a worthy cultural and moral life. Such problems won't be solved by pne'individual but through a collective effort, Thomforde said. The students also need to be reflective, Thomforde said. "It's not enough just to be busy," he said. "You should be thoughtful about what you're doing. Is there some way of doing it better? Or some way of making it more enjoyable?" 55B "See SCHOOLS, Page A9 House explosion : This three; story house ^exploded "" Saturday night in San »*> Francisco, ^injuring 17 '"••people. See story, Page A2 The Associated Press T NUCLEAR TESTING Pakistan sends mixed signals on nuclear test Meanwhile, India announces its plans to perfect missiles to carry nuclear weapons By The Journal's Wire Services ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan said Sunday that Pakistan has decided to begin testing nuclear weapons in response to India's tests last week, but other government officials were less clear on whether a decision had been made. "It's a matter of when, not if, Pakistan will test," Ayub Khan said. "The decision has already been taken by the Cabinet." It was not clear, however, whether Ayub Khan, who resigned last month over differences with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif but continues to serve until a successor is named, was speaking on behalf of his government. In contrast to Ayub Khan's strong statements, Prime Minister Sharif s approach has been cautious and statesmanlike. - Sharif said Sunday that he would order tests only "if the international community takes no action against India." The debate over testing has intensified since India detonated nuclear bombs last week. India working on missiles Meanwhile, a government scientist in India said that now that his nation has the ability to produce a nuclear bomb, it is perfecting missiles to carry one. The scientist, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, said India was working to increase the range of its Agni missile. Testing of the Agni was suspended two years ago but is expected to resume soon. Agni is believed to have a range of 1,55Q miles, enough to reach Shanghai or Beijing' India has said it needs a nuclear defense against China, also a nuclear state, and neighboring Pakistan. The scientists confirmed that the largest of five underground nuclear tests they conducted last week involved a hydrogen bomb a device with potentially enormous power that is known in American military circles' as a "city-buster." The scientists said the bomb had an explosive force equivalent to 43,000 tons of TNT. This would be small by comparison with the most destructive nuclear bU , U l, b \ th , e Uni , ted States ' Russia established nuclear powers.

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