e late Brown Turner, olOian, told The Editor: The trouble with our Country is: The garage is where the smoke-house ought to be. Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Heinpstead, Nevada County Roads Are Damaged by Rain The torrential rains which .swept through northeast Texas and southwest Arkansas over the week-end dealt tremendous damage to Hempstead and Nevada county gravel roads. Arkansas state police reported a total of 16 inches rainfall in the Hope area Friday and Saturday—with more on Sunday, and a forecast of still more on Monday. Sunday afternoon I drove east on the paved Rocky Mound road, and beyond on gravel to the junction with the Emmet- I^tncburg gravel highway. Up to the junction there was costly damage to the roadbed, with water over the road in places and one bridge almost isolated by water. But at the junction, where I turned west toward Emmet, the gravel road from Laneburg was in far worse shape. In half a dozen places I had to drop into low gear and crawl through water up to a foot deep flowing across the roadbed from lakes in the adjoining fields. And the principal bridge was in danger of going "out," with one side of the approach already showing a gaping hole. I should have taken a camera with me, but I correctly' guessed this adventure was going to be risky, and indeed I was too busy nursing the car through tricky situations to be taking pictures. One apparent road block after another appeared, and since it was impossible to turn around I had no choice but to keep going. Fortunately being an old hand in dealing with bad roads I followed others' tire tracks regardless of. how leep the water was—for the rule of the road on gravel is, always follow the wettest rut. Someone else made it, and so should you. But there were moments when I had my doubts. I met two pickup trucks coming toward me out of Emmet. I cautioned the second one about the big hole on the north side of the bridge which I had just crossed and he was approaching. This disaster is going to cost the county judges of Hempstead and Nevada counties a lot of money to repair. And repaired these roads must be—for an ominous sense of isolation settles on farm families when their transport route to town is blocked. And my guess is, many of the roads will be "out" by today—the bridges on gravel highways being particularly vulnerable to rushing water. Hempstead County- Home of the Bowie Knife Star Member nf the Associated Press VOL. 75—No. 274 —12 Pages Newspaper Kntcrprisc Ass'n. Features HOPK. ARKANSAS MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1J)74 Av. net paid circulation :) months ending March 31. lfl?4—1.080 As filed uitli Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject to audit. ioc 18 inches of rain damage roads A total of 17.87 inches of rain had fallen on the Hope area from 7 a.m. Friday to 7 a.m. Monday. Records from the Experiment Station show 2.40 inches of rain on Friday; 8.52on Saturday; 5.37, Sunday; and 1.58 Monday morning. The downpours caused flooding in some parts of the Hope-Emmet area. The rain subsided Monday morning, then began again about 11:30 a.m. Skies were heavy, with temperature of 85 at 7 a.m. Monday. Neither City nor State Police had any report of traffic accidents during the rainy weekend. Numerous roads in Hempstead County were washed out. County Judge Finis Odom could not be contacted Monday morning for a report on the roads. The National Weather Service had issued flash flood watches and warnings for the South Arkansas area Friday and Saturday, with more rain promised for Sunday. U.S. Highway 67 between Hope and Emmet was closed Saturday morning, but reopened that afternoon. The westbound lane of 1-30 east of Hope was under water at one point Saturday, but never officially closed. "We had one car stalled," said Lawrence Sparks, communications officer for the State Police at Hope. "We had to stop traffic,for a while until they got it out. And we had to put some barricades to slow people down." Sparks said the Hope area had received 16 inches of rain Friday night and Saturday. He said 11 inches fell Saturday, causing the flooding in South Nevada and in Hempstead Counties. The National Weather -Services said the heaviest rainfall was in an area 20 miles northwest of El Dorado. Flash flood watches were issued for the Texarkana area today. Ouachita Hurricane Carmen slams into Yucatan rises to 22.4 feet By The Associated Press The Ouachita River near Camden rose to 22.4 feet Sunday — a rise of 13 feet in one day, the National Weather Service said. The flood stage at Camden is 26 feet. The NWS predicted that the river would crest at 28.5 feet Tuesday. A spokesman for the NWS said Sunday night that the Camden area "got the full brunt" of heavy rains this weekend. "There's quite a few roads closed down in there," he said. No evacuation measure was reported. State Police said the following roads had been closed in South Arkansas due- to ' the heavy rains: Arkansas 24 east of Prescott, Arkansas 19 south of Prescott, Arkansas 299 and Arkansas 73 west of Hope and Arkansas 174 south of Hope. A flash flood watch was issued for the entire state Sun- dayn but before the night was over, it had been canceled except for extreme South Arkansas. 300 persons killed so far By The Associated Press With the homebound traffic still ahead today, more than 300 persons had been killed in highway accidents over the long Labor Day weekend. The Associated Press counted 343 deaths due to traffic accidents since 6 p.m. Friday. MIAMI, Fla. (AP) - Winds gusting to 175 miles an hour and tides 15 feet above normal lashed the northeast coast of the Yucatan Peninsula today as Hurricane Carmen reached land. Carmen, the second hurricane of the 1974 Atlantic season, turned toward the west- northwest early today, saving Belize City, Belize, from the full brunt of the storm. Neil Frank, director of the National Hurricane Center in Miami, said the change in direction "saved the city of Belize from the devastation that could have been as severe as that observed in 1961 when Hurricane Hattie ravaged the cityi*" Frank said the eye of the hurricane was expected to pass over or, just to the north of Chetumal, Mexico, and heavy rains posed the threat of flooding to most of the peninsula including Belize, formerly called British Honduras. A news dispatch from Mexico City reported that commu- niciations to Chetumal had been cut off in the wake of the hurricane. At 3 a.m. EDT today, Carmen's center was about 80 miles east northeast of Belize City, moving westward at about 12 miles per hour. Rain and gale winds were cpelting the coast. Forecasters here said Carmen was expected to continue across the peninsula, possibly weakening before it emerges over the Bay of Campeche on the west side of the peninsula tonight or Tuesday. At 4 a.m. EDT today, Carmen was located at latitude 18.7 north and longitude 88.2 west, or about 25 miles northeast of Chetumal. The hurricane, with highest sustained winds of 150 m.p.h., was moving toward the west-northwest at about 12 m.p.h. Forecaster Joe Pelissier said Carmen now threatened land along the southern and western Gulf of Mexico and offered a potential threat to Texas. "The direction change means that it won't have as much land to go over, though the peninsula is still pretty wide," Pelissier said. "We just don't know how much strength it will maintain. "It does mean that we will have to watch it closely and it does mean that there is a potential threat to Texas," he said. •-'•Jy.ft' i. Abrams still- in serious condition WASHINGTON (AP) - Gen. Creighton W. Abrams, Army chief of staff, remained in serious condition today at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, a hospital spokesman said. The 59-year-old general's status is listed as very seriously ill although his vital signs are described as adequate. Abrams has been undergoing treatment to dissolve two blood clots, one in the right lung and the other in his right leg, and to prevent new clotting. Abrams underwent surgery nearly three months ago to remove his cancerous left lung. Two shot in Newark disturbance NEWARK, N.J. (AP) - A pre-Labor Day picnic has ended in a bloody disorder involving thousands. Two men were shot; two police cars, a fire department car and a motorcycle were burned, and a young girl was run down by a police horse. Authorities didn't say how the disturbance at Branch Brook Park began, but some police reports indicated the crowd's anger was set off by officers making gambling arrests at the annual event sponsored by Focus, a Hispanic group. Witnesses said, however, that the violence broke out late Sunday afternoon after a girl was trampled by a horse ridden into a crowd by a mounted police- -jman. A police cruiser sent to 'retrieve two mounted officers V from the crowd stalled and was set afire after it was abandoned, police said. They said firemen responding to the blaze retreated from a barrage of missiles thrown by the mob. Four firemen were injured, their truck was damaged and a deputy chief's car burned. Two men were shot in the chest and hospitalized, and rumors spread that the girl had been trampled to death. Officials later announced that she had been treated at a local hospital but neither her condition nor the name of the hospital were known. Later thousands marched on City Hall and Mayor Kenneth Gibson, who participated in the march, announced he would meet with leaders of the Puerto Rican community today. Maddox will take on Busbee in runoff election Tuesday By TOM JORY Associated Press Writer Segregationist Lester Maddox, seeking to become Georgia's chief executive for the second time, takes on state Sen. George Busbee in a runoff election Tuesday for the Democratic nomination for governor. In Nevada, meanwhile, former Gov. Paul Laxalt was among three Republicans trying for the GOP nomination to succeed retiring U.S. Sen. Alan Bible, D-Nev. Three other candidates sought the Democratic nomination. And in North Dakota, another ex-governor, William L. Guy, tangled with businessman Rob- ert McCarney for the Democratic nomination and a chance to unseat U.S. Sen. Milton Young, a Republican who was unopposed for renomination. Maddox, Georgia's chief executive from 1967 to 1971, served as lieutenant governor for the last four years. Georgia law prohibits a governor from serving two consecutive terms. He led a field of 12 in the Democratic primary last month but fell short of the 50 per cent vote needed to win the nomination. Busbee, a state legislator, was second. The GOP nomination contest took on a new complexion Sunday with charges from Mayor Ronnie Thompson of Macon, one of the candidates, that he had been told to drop out of the race or face possible indictment. He did not say who had asked him to drop out. Harold Dye, a retired Army officer who finished second to Thompson Aug. 13, denied anyone had threatened to have the controversial mayor indicted. At issue, apparently, were the "shoot-to-kill" orders issued by Thompson to Macon police in a crackdown on crime. A federal judge recently ordered the mayor to pay $25,000 in a civil suit involving the wounding of a 12-year-old boy by police but the orders were not lifted. Leading candidates in the race for the Democratic nomination to the U.S. Senate in Nevada were Lt. Gov. Harry Reid and Maya Millern a political newcomer. Nevada Gov. Mike O'Callag- ham, a Democrat, had no serious opposition in his bid for renomination, while Bill Bickerstaff, a state assemblyman, and party worker Shirley Grumpier fought it out for the Republican nomination. In a race that has drawn national attention the madam of the Cottontail Ranch in Lida Junction, Beverly Harrell, sought the Democratic nomi- nation for the state assembly. The Guy-McCarney race was the feature in North Dakota, but there was considerable interest, too, in the battle between incumbent U.S. Rep. Mark Andrews, a Republican, and state Sen. Lawrence Naa- den. Byron Dorgan, the Democratic candidate for Congress, had no oppostionm Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. Woman, 71 survives on rugged mountain BRIDAL VEIL, Orel AP) Seventy-one-year-old Frances Hodge, lost for four days on the rugged slopes of a 4,000-foot mountain, kept herself alive by eating berries, sleeping on a fern bed and using survival techniques learned years ago. And when she was rescued she apologized for the wild huckleberry stains on her hands and shooed away photographers and reporters. Miss Hodge disappeared Wednesday when she left a group of picnickers from a Milwaukie, Ore., retirement home to find a rest room. When she did not return to the party, the group searched then called authorities. She was found Sunday by a forest ranger just over a mile from the headquarters of a 100- member search party. "She was sitting in a trail, holding two sticks she used for walking," said David Kiser, the ranger at Mt. Hood National Forest east of Portland who found Miss Hodge. "I was surprised that she looked in as (jood condition as she did. She looked almost a^ neat as the pictures carried in the newspapers, except her dress was a little soiled." "She said, 'I'm lost,'" Kiser said. Searchers, who had called in helicopters to bolster their efforts, shook their heads in disbelief when they were told she had been found just a short distance from the boundary of string they had set a few days earlier. Clad in a housedress and sturdy oxfords, the former biology teacher and medical librarian told Kiser that she had kept herself alive with survival techniques learned years ago in a hiking club. "She was in pretty wild country," the ranger said. "If she would have gone north she would have hit the steep bluffs overlooking the Columbia River. Otherwise, she would have continued in the rolling terrain with some pretty steep slopes and canyons." Kiser said he had a brief conversation with Miss Hodge, determined that she was in good condition, and left her so he could alert the search party "She didn't seem alarmed at being left again," said Kiser. "She just asked for something to sit on, so I gave her my vest." When a team of sheriff's deputies and Explorer Scouts arrived with a litter, Miss Hodge asked for a drink of water or orange juice. Later, at Gresham Community Hospital, she had another request — no more huckleberries. "She said she'd just had huckleberries to eat and she didn't want to see another one," a nurse said. Pension reform bill hailed by President WASHINGTON (AP) -Signing into law a new pension reform bill on Labor Day, President Ford called it "a landmark measure that may finally give the American worker solid protection in his pension plan." The 1974 Employe Retirement Income Security Act gives some 30 million workers now under private pension plans "more clearly defined rights to pension funds and greater assurances that retirement dollars will be there when they are needed," the President said. He added that employes also will be given greater tax incentives to provide for their own retirement if a company plan is unavailable. The President's comments came in a statement issued at the White House in connection with a Rose Garden signing ceremony, attended by close to 200 guests from Congress, labor, industry, and finance. Among the labor leaders who accepted the invitation were presidents George Meany of the AFL-CIO, I.W. Abel of the Steelworkers and Leonard Woodcock of the United Auto Workers. Ford was interrupting his first weekend visit to Camp David, the presidential retreat in the Catoctin Mountains of Maryland, to return to the White House for the signing. Ford scheduled meetings on labor matters both before and after the signing ceremony. He set a meeting at 10:30 a.m. EDT with Arnold Miller, president of the United Mine Workers Union, and at 12:15 p.m. EDT with Labor Secretary Peter J. Brennan. The pension bill for the first time guarantees workers rights to some retirement benefits if they change jobs after a certain length of service . It also seeks to assure that the money for pensions will be there when workers retire. Some 300,000 to 400,00 existing private pension plans and those that may be set up in the future are affected by the law. But the law does not require employers without pension plans to establish them. Only about half the U.S. work force has such protection. Nor does the bill necessarily increase pension benefits, which now average about $141 a month for retired workers. But the legislation contains so-called "vesting" provisions, which guarantee the employe all the pension benefits to which he is entitled after no more than 15 years of service. An employer may pick one of three options for vesting: The first would provide a worker at least 25 per cent of his benefits after five years on the job and 100 per cent after 15 years. The second would give total rights to accumulated benefits only after 10 years, but nothing if the employe left before. The third provides for 50 per cent vesting when an employe's age and years of service equal 45. The final 50 per cent would come in the next five years. A Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. is established under the Labor Department and funded by employer contributions to pay benefits if a pension plan Two executed WASHINGTON I AP) - Two supporters of former Chilean resident Salvador Allende were fatally shot after being detained by police near Santiagon Chile, ihe Washington Post reported m today's editions. The newspaper also said that its correspondent in Chile, Joseph Novitski, was temporarily placed under house arrest after Chilean authorities learned that he '.vai, writing on article about Lht- iwo deaths. fails or a company quits business. It offers tax incentives to individual employes not in pension plans to set up their own retirement programs and to self-employed persons to improve their programs. For the first time, the law fixes tough standards of conduct and accountability for persons administering pension plans. Plans must be certified by an actuary at least every three years. Finally the bill requires that all employes be admitted to a pension plan when they reach age 25 and have at least one year of service with a company. The new pension regulations are effective immediately for newly established retirement plans. Plans already in existence would be allowed until Dec. 31, 1975, to put the new vesting rules into effect. Picnics, parades mark Labor Day By The Associated Press The nation's 80th observance of Labor Day takes place today with a rash of picnics, parades and other public and private celebrations. Phillipe Petit, the French aerialist, walks a cable to the top of the 500-foot Great Falls in Paterson, N.J. The feat was designed to bring attention to the falls where Alexander Hamilton reputedly once stood and described his vision of the nation's first industrial city. The people of Dysart, Iowa, meanwhile, gave their observance a patriotic twist. They combined Labor Day and Fourth of July festivities, complete with the fireworks that didn't arrive in time for the earlier holiday. • ' Many Americans, apparently, took the cue and made just plain relaxation the order of the day. Labor Day had special meaning for thousands of auto workers in St. Louis. They returned to work after voting Sunday to end a 65-day strike over grievances. And negotiations were scheduled to get under way in Washington D.C. today on a new United Mine Workers contract with the soft coal industry. Celebration of the last long weekend of the summer was not all festive. Outbreaks of violence Sunday at a national drag racing cham- pionshiop in Indiana and at a Spanish-American society outing in Newark, N.J., brought authorities out in force. And the nation's highway death toll _- t climbed steadily toward the 450-550 level forecast by the National Safety Council. Trade unions dispute BRIGHTON, England (AP) — Britain's trade unions began their annual conference today with the two biggest unions disagreeing on whether to accept the Labor government's appeal for voluntary restraints on wage demands. At stake was one of Prime Minister Harold Wilson's most important campaign promises before the election last February that unseated the Conservative government. The I^a- boriles pledged to do away with the Conservatives' compulsory limit of seven per cent on wage increases and replace it with the voluntary system. Most of the unions attending the 106th conference of the 10- niillion-member Trades Union Congress were reported willing to comply with the government's "social contract." But the Amalgamated Union of Engineering Workers, the second largest union with 1.4 million members, decided Saturday to oppose the idea. Its delegates are demanding that it be rejected until the government has redistributed national wealth and nationalized major industries. Support for the Labor government came from Jack Jones, secretary of the Transport and General Workers' Union, Britain's biggest union with 1.8 million members. In an eve-of-conference meeting he called on the engineering workers to reconsider. The government has asked the unions to limit their demands for wage increases to the rise in the cost of living, now running at about 17 per cent a year. In return the government says it will try to hold down inflation by pegging the prices of such basic foods as bread, butter, milk and cheese. Roger Head to join Star as photo-features editor ROGER HEAD Roger Head, 22, manager of ;hf photo department of the Pine Bluff Commercial, will join The Star Wednesday Sept 4, as photo-features editor. He is a native of El Dorado, his par frits, Mr. ami Mrs. .hum's Kenneth Head, residing iu HUU W. Oak St. in that city. Ht. iiiU'udfd Soultit'ni State Colk-t- 1969-715. bcui^; graduat- ed with a B.A. degree in sociology and a minor in journalism. While in college he was chief photographer for The Bray, student newspaper, becoming editor in his senior year. He was also chief photographer for The Mulerider, college yearbook, and served as an assistant in the photographic darkroom. Upon finishing college he joined the Pine Bluff Commercial where he has served for the past year. Mr. Head succeeds Miss Connie Hendrix, who handled pictures and features for The Star thus Summer after being graduated from the University of Arkansas. She left this weekend to prepare to enter the University of Georgia, where she holds a graduate assistantship and will be working for a master's degree in journalism. Mr. Head is married, and he anil his wife, Jane, are in town looking for a suitable house. Any offers reported to The Star office will be relayed to t^m arid will be appreciated.
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