Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 21, 1954 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Thursday, January 21, 1954
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Censorship of Films by Law Is Destroyed by Supreme Court Last Monday the United States Supreme Court ruled unanimously that state censor boards can not ban a motion picture because it is "immoral" or "tends to promote crime." The decision was handed down on a legal double feature —New York state's ban of a French-language film "La Ronde," and Ohio's prohibition of the showing of a psychopathic study which goes by the title of "M." The supreme court struck down the New York and Ohio censors, in effect leaving the state governments' sole authority over films the right to bar them for obscenity. And the supreme court's ruling appears to be not only sound law in this democratic land but obviously common sense. We don't always agree with Justice William O. Douglas but he certainly pointed out the obvious when he declared in Monday's case- quoting the Asociated Press report: "that it was obvious a news- i paper could not be forced to | submit to a censorship board its 'news items, editorials, and cartoons.' The same must apply for movies, he said." Some people will profess to be shocked by the high court's ruling, but the fact that it was unanimous should warn them how far earnest but misguided zealots have gone in trying to re-tic church and state in this country although America was founded on a protest against that very condition as it existed in Europe. No one deplores bad plays and bad pictures any more than a newspaper editor. But they must fall of their own weight, as the public as a whole judges them. You can not enforce censorship by law — -for when you attempt it you are setting yourself up as a tyrant over your neighbor. The course of stale censorship hasn't changed in all the annals ot history. It starts off on "moral" grounds, but quickly develops a religious, and finally a political, bent. '' Here is the movie censorship record in our own country in recent years: Back in depression days Columbia Pictures made a little epic called "So This Is Africa," starring Wheeler & Woolsey. It was shown in Hope and it scandalized me. We barred Wheeler £ Woolsey from future advertising. The Catholic church, meanwhile, was organizing its League of Decency as a\voluntary morals patrol ' organization.-to-exercise'.'.a boycott ^^^^1^^^^ ^^^m^j^JHjk Hope Star « , snow, colder this Sifte'rtWdft »6ffi!%-* Continued c&ld Frtda^.-UwStt night S-iS in north, west: &M In southeast. - * : ^i Experiment Station regdff, 24-hour-t>eriod ending at 8 «< Thursday High 80 Low 3D. ^ . 55TH YEAR: VOL. 55 — NO. 81 Slot of Hop* 1*99. fr»tli m Coi»olldat«d Jon. II, 1*2* HOPE, ARKANSAS, - - • t «. , JANUARYS 1954 Q of CiftutMloM M«irtb«r: th» AMoeldfed Pr«i« & Audi* —zi--,ii» A*. N«t P*M Clrtl. 6 Mo*. Endlnfl $«(>». 30, 19SJ ^ State Blanketed by Ice, Sleet; Schools Close Hope has had all kinds of weath- or "in the past 12 hours and most of it bad. Was it only yesterday that local folks were walking around in their shirt sleeves in an 80 degree temperature? That's right. Early Thurs day the mercury dropped 50 degrees to 30 and after 8 o'clock it went as low as 28 which brought a shower of sleet. While the city was having sleet, just north of town the radio station reported heavy hail for several minutes. By 11 a. m. the sleet had turned to rain with the temperature climbing to above 30 and by noon it was a mixture of sleet and rain itli the city covered with slush. In early afternoon the rain stopp- 1 and it was much colder with low forecast. In the midst of .examinations pub- c schools were dismissed Thursay and Friday in the Hope dis- ict. ovej; bad films.. At\ t%-.:eftcTdf ,*hat year 'the League published a list of the 10 worst films — ai'.d "So This Is Africa" led all the rest. That picture killed the comedy team of Wheeler & Woolsey. But from voluntary action by churches and households we passed gradually into a feeling that state censorship was the solution—and so the activity of censor boards boomed for nearly two decades. In 1952 there was objection to a film called "The Miracle" on re ligious grounds; it was officially censored at the state level—but in a historic decision that same yeai the United States Supreme Courl cancelled the prohibition and re buked the censors. This week Protestant church groups are attacking Howarc Hughes' new picture "The French Line" on grounds that it tends to immorality or at least offends good taste. Newspaper critics, how ever, have blasted the film as simp ly lousy. Well, the homes of America, be tween church advice and pres reports, are pretty well posted on the content of controversial pic tures. This is proper procedure in a democratic land. Censorship bj law is not. Here's a final quote fron Justice Douglas, speaking last Mon day: "The First Amendment draws no distinction between the various methods of communicating ideas. On one occasion one may be more powerful or effective than another." This is the law—the only law— in self-governing America. Lightning, Thunder Acompany Sleet CONWAY Wl — There were sev eral reports of lightning and thun dor accompanying sleet storms i Arkansas today. Herman Stermer, about 45, sai the last time it happened in Coi way was on Jan. 24, 1937 at 5 p.n He said the thunder and lighlin was follow.ed by a S'/b-inch sno storm. Stermer keeps a daily weathe log as a hobby. INJURED FATALLY FEARS REPRISALS — Slavoljub Djurovlc gathers his Goran six, and Srdjan, four, into his arms In New York Monday after he told packed court room he does,not wish to return to ms native Yugoslavia because he fears "certain pol tical. reprisals.'/ ms wife is trying to take youngsters to Yugoslavia but court has ordered"them to 9 remain with their f'ther.-unt^iitranaa custody fight has been properly considered. — NEA Teiepnoto .. By The AsSociafd Press A cold wave moved into Arkanas this morning, covering high- ays with sleet and snow, and ending the temperatures below eezins throughout the state. Rogers and Fayetteville reported e state's low temperatures of 15 id 15 degrees, respectively, early lis morning. Snow itill was falling in Fayette- ille late this morning after four teady hours, and Fort Smith rc- orted heavy slept. U. S. Highway 71 from Fort mith north to Fayetteville was overod by ice and snow, and re- orteiily was impassable. A hijil storm struck Hope today, overing the ground with an inch f icf.. L. B. Tooley, general manger of radio station KXAR, said he hail fell about four minutes a sleet storm. He said iers were no damage reports. ;he temperature was' 27 degrees, nd the ice was sticking to the round, Tooley said. State Police headquarters in Lit- le'Rock said icy-slick roads made .riving da.ngerous on several;; rna.in; ughlfays Highways 65' near Harrion was covered witli sleet, and leet was piling atop the ice that idready covered Highway 64 near Jlark-sville and.Fort Smith. ; Highv^ay 67 near Newport in lorth central Arkansas and Hope extreme southwest Arkansas vas blanketed by freezing rain and leet. Sleet also was freezing on high- vay 70 near Fort Smith said the State Police. Other low temperatures reported by the Wpalher Bureau this morn- ng included Flippin and Gilbert 20 degrees Fort Smith 21 Newport 23 Morrilton and Batesville 24 Walnut Ridge 25 Little Rock 24 Pine B.liiff and Arkadelphia 24 and Texarkana and Camden 2. In addition Jone.sboro reported 26 degrees; Paragould 27, Hot Spring 28; and El Dorado 30. Freezing rain was falling at Little Rock, but traffic kept it rom sticking to the streets. El Dorado also had freezing rain. Light, drizzling rain was reported at Jonesboro and Paragould, while Hot Springs, Texarkana and Pine EluJf reported sleet. Traces of snow were seen last night at Glenwood and Camden Today's wintry blasts were in violent" contrast to the spring-like weather that covered Arkansas Tuesday yesterday morning. For instance, the temperature in Jonesboro yesterday morning was 66; today it was 26. The Weather Bureau forecast freezing rain turning to sleet or snow in all sections of Arkansas this afternoon and tonight, with continued cold weather tomorrow. Tonight's expected low temperatures ranged from five degres to the northwest to 22 in the southern areas. Foot Soldier Fades for Air, Atomic Weapons By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON, — President Eisenhower recommended today a $37,575,000,000 military outlay for the next fiscal year, with a shift in emphasis from foot soldiery a "full exploitation of air power and modern weapons." The spending budget he proposed to Congress for the Defense Department is about four billion dollars JGSS than that estimated for the current year, which ends June 30. Eisenhower said the budget is based on a "new concept for our national security program." A substantial part of the savings obviously would ccme in manpower, particularly Army manpower. Tha budget figures reflect an over-all reduction of about 8.7 per cent in manpower for Jill the armed forces. Army personnel would be reduced by 17.3 per cent, and three divisions would be dropped from Ihe present 20. Against the cutback in strength of the Army, in which Eisenhower was a five-star general, there was the President's emphatic advocacy of greater polar in the air. He said the Air Force. Navy and Marine Corps now have, among them, about 33,000 planes. During the next three years, he said, this will be increased to 40,000-, more than half of them jets. Twenty-two per cent of defense expenditures in the new fiscal year would go to airplane procurement. The 1955 fiscal year program, the President wrote, "calls for improving combat effectiveness by the application ot new weavons and naw techniques, including full realization of oar nuclear capabilities, and provides for the rapid anc orderly phasing of programs to improve continental defense agains pbeeizw enemy attack." He con wyes aiasj • ike Calls for Slash m Budget Bui U.S. io Operate in the R r«>^,^ „. * \ FAMILY GROUP — Mr. and Mrs. Cecil Hartley, Petersburg, Ind oarents of baby born with two heads and four arms pose with the'infant in their home where 39-day-old medical rarity was taken Jan 17 after long hospital observation. Bab>- „«; been g.ven two names, Donald Ray and Daniel Kay. — NEA Telephot Marines Drpwn in Icy Inchon Waters By/JOHN SACK INCHON, Korea (UP) Twenty eight American Marines drownec in the icy waters of mist Inchon harbor today in the second wors naval disaster since the start o the Korean war. The Marines, carrying heavy Two Sentenced in Hempstead Circuit Court Several cases dealing with illegal sale of liquor were scheduled to be taken up in Hempstead Curcuit Court session here today. Yesterday a jury sentenced Charley Graham, Negro, to six years in the state penitentiary on a charge of assault with intent to kill. Graham, was convicted of an ambush shooting of another Negro. Officers proved a shell found at the scene of the shooting was fired from a gun taken from Graham's home. Eddie Pree was sentenced to a year in the penitentiary for stealing four mink hides, Hof Springs Gets TV Channel 9 WASHINGTON UP) — Southern Newspapers, Ins., was authorized yesterday by the Communications Commission to build and operate Channel D Television station at Hot Springs, Ark. Commissioner Frieda Hennock dissented because no hearing was Dulles Fears Propaganda Battle «H» 1 Corn Planting Curbs to Be Imposed i By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON, UP) The government, seeking to reduce corn production this year, nas imposed curb on plantings in a big commercial producing area. Corn supplies are at a near peak. Big slocks have accumulated in the hands of the Agriculture Department under price support operations. Production controls had previously been set up for 1954 crops of wheat, cotton, peanuts and prnc- pal types of tobacco to dscour- age further overproducton. Secretary of flgrculture Benson late yesterday announced acreage allotments for corn n a desgnated commercal corn-producton of 17.4 per cent in plantings in the area from last year. The allotment was set at 46,995,504 acres compared wth [>6,B19,428 acres planted last combat packs, sank immediately after a U. S. Navy LST, manner by Japanese seamen, rammed int the Leathernecks' small assaul boat while transporting anti-Re Chinese to Formosa. Twenty Marine?, an American soldier who was at the wheel o the assault craft and one Korea were fished out of the freezing wa ter by rescue boats from the Navy Transpor) General Pope. The Marines had been assignei to duty as security guards for th Chinese, who were returned to A' lied custody at Pan munjon Wednesday. The death toll in the Incho tragedy was exceeded only by th accidental killing of 30 men in gun-target explosion on the USS St. Paul off North Korea's east coast on April 21, 1952. Until today, the death of 26 men in the sinking of the U. S. mine- sweaper Walked off the eastern coast of the peninsula was the second worst naval tragedy in the Korean crisis. -) .*" ••IWf 'ft — L-.4W*,* -•»;•PROPOSED BUDGET — Chart shows salient points ofthe.flscaJ;- billions. — NEA Telephoto Proposed Tax Slash Would Be Limit By CHARLES K. Barrett WASHINGTON, (#)— President Eisenhower,loday u..rged upon Con- jress a big tax revision .project .hat would reduce revenue about ^1,215,00,000 next year—and then drew, a line against further cuts Sum Includes Arkansas Flood Work WASHINGTON (UP) — President Eisenhower'- pioposed lisca, 955 budget includes $4,198,35' worth of work on flood co'ntrti and hydro-electric,projects nlAr now. The revision program, he said in his budget mtssage, would rewrite a tax structure he termed "haph&zfird," easing burdens far millions ot persons, and- promoting business expanipn to push American ca '"to even \8igh6ir standards of living." But Eisenhower said this program and the five billion dollars in annual tax cuts which took' effect Jan, 1'are all the'reductions "our national security and well-being will permit" right now; ' He thus raised a barier against growing talk by some Congress members in this election year for dividual income taxs cut in Individual income taxe and (2) a lowering of all excise or sales taxes which are above 10 per cent to that level. The President reiterated his request, first made last May and renewed in his State o • f the union message, for extension of present rates of excise and corporation income taxes. They are due to drop April 1 to their pre-Korea levels three billion dollars under presen levels. LITTLE ROCK UP) — A 45-year- (held. old laborer was injured fatally! Southern Newspapers is one ol when he was pulled into a con- the interests of C. E. Palmer and veyor belt on a rock, crushing ma- his associates. chine here today The commission yesterday abo The general manager of the Big authorized radio stations KBTM Rock Stone and Material Co., said and KtfTM-FM, Jonesboro, Ark., 6 Georae Bowen died en route to a,to asr.i^n its licenses to Harold E. ~ff**v**3 w 7^ ~ - 11-1 *IT T^I^.^ #..»• rj'i nnn hospital. _ Walter B. Vroman said that part of Bqweu's clothing caught in the belt iind he was pvilled between the belt and the .belt crusher, He said Bpwen's chest was crushed. ,— t . * The people of Greenland became citizens of Denmark .during 1953. in 1&53, women voted for thp first t s imp irn Costa Jlicu. and Helen W. King for 73,000. A hearing was ordered on ap- pllcavions of Chick Capitol Broadcasters, Inc., ancj Radio Station KAMO for radio 'statipns. at Rog ers, Ark. By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON, .UP) Secretary cf State Dulles leaves for Berlin today to attend a Big Four foreign rninbcers conference which he concedes may wind up in a sharp East-West propaganda battle. Dulles was described by associates as nursing only scant hope Russna's Foreign Minister Molotov will .Tiake any important concessions when he tackles the long- deadlocked German and Austrian problems with Ainencan, British and French foreign policy chiefs. The meeting is set to open Monday in the- Ampripan sector of divided Berlin. year. The aim of the allotments to Country Club Open House Delayed The Openhouse planned at Hope Country Club for Sunday, January 24, has been postponed until re pairs have been completed. New light fixtures have been in .ailed, the powder room repapered 11 woodwork repainted and new ans for the reception rooms will be nstalled and new card tablet! add d. : . • '• Smog and glare from lights have forced most big astronomical ob- sevvatories to move far from large cities. Centerville Singing Sunday Regtuar,monthly singing services will be held at Centerville on Sunday, "January 24, starting at 2 p in, The ^publjc" is invited. limit production in the area to about two normal production of at ed with a normal production of at least 2,400,000,000 bushels. But officials expect some increase in planting? outside the commercial irea. Hence, the decline in the to- al crop, under normal conditions, could be expected to be less than .he proposed cutback in the commercial area. Last year's U.S. corn production was 3,176,000,000 bushels. . the department forecasts a carryover of old crop corn of at least 900,000,00 bushels when the 1954 crop harvested. 1 The bulk-of it is expected to be stored under price support programs. The site of Pompeii, which was destroyed by a volcanic eruption in 79 A. P. was rediscovered in 1954. . -'. j^, Chamber to Air Programs on Weekly Broadcast The Hope Chamber of Commerce have planned a series of Weekly radio broadcasts designed to keep the public informed on the operation and activities of the organization. In making this announcement, President K. E. Ambrose said that he feels that the weekly radio broadpasts over Station KXAR will be quite beneficial to the Chamber of Commerce, as well as to the general public in keeping the pub lie informed on policies and activities of the Chamber. The first of these weekly bro?d- casts will be aired over KXAR Friday evening, January 22 at 7:30 p. m. KXAR officials have grant ed the Chamber free time in the public interest. Appearing on this first broad cast will be Syvell Burke, . Vice President of the Hope Chamber o Commerce, J. I. Weblong, Treasur er, and Fred Gresham, Chairman of the 1954 Publicity Committee Some very interesting program have been planned and Schedule* and timely topics will be discusse on the programs in the future- Has Hell Jones, KXAR announcer, wi be the moderator. In the arly days charcoal was us d for the. smelting of iron and ser ous damage..ip many forests re ulted by heavy cuting produce it •cansas. In addition, the budget -would allow $3,000,000 for bank' slablliia- tion work on the Arkansas river arid its tributaries in Arkansas and Oklahoma; $2,349,546 for'the proposed-Table Rock dam and reservoir in Missouri ,and Arkansas, and 335,000 for stabilization on the tied rhter .WArKarisasV fe^oVand jouisiana. 1 * The budget 'would give tho Blakely Mountain reservoir in Arkansas $2,367,710; the Bull Shoals reservoir $957,200. and the Norfolk reservoir 381,447. Another 492,000 would be earmarked, for stabilization work on the Little Missouri River below Murfreesboro, Ark. S65 Billion for Atom Weapoi By PRANK O'BRIEN ' •*% WASHINGTON W - 1 n . Eisenhower laid a 65&-bllH6fr lar budget befora Congress'/" 1 Slashing '5'A; billion dotiatts; total spading" but proposlni ird outlays for atomic energy/;' inental defense and overseas) ;ary aid. ,. , ^ ', ^.J^ f* Despite a^Va per, ckht,'&Itr«ii estimated npendlng' this . also lowered,— Eisenhwcr| Congress the governmentjWll 1 ' up the 1055 fiscal'ye^nefiely ailllon dollars in the rajas/, 1955 starts July 1- - ^ •"*$? Altnoueh he pfoposedjgtf 5,0 program of tax law ch$fge$ v told Congress no further ,gen tax cuts are justified at- His message saijT thb; Was based on a,"new security 1 planning wr reliance on "the full ex| modern air, powey". ari< weapons" to^justify/jwar dollar defense'cuts'.?-.* „ He proposed spendingv$2;4 000 nett year 'for, .atomic; This increase of ,225,: this year -~ would '/b spending to "the' highesi-,pd our liistory," he soid« _He,.- that 1 since ^nost «%tom' plant -. constructive is|! spending' now ^ "would r< on 'operations." 1 , cor He het y no First Atomic Submarine Launched G.ROTON, Conn., (#)— The atomic submarine Nautilus was launched successfully today at 10:57 a.m, with Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower christening the world's first nuclear engined submeieible. A fog had lifted and the sun shone brightly as the sleek vessel slid down the ways imo the Thames River. AEC Chairman Lewis L. Strauss said during' the launching ceremonies the craft symbolized both the "atomic thunderbolts" of defense and of a peaceful boon of nuclear power. And the Navy's top commander, Adm. Robert B. Carney, saw the historic occasion as an unfolding of "new visit as of American sea power." The two men expressed them- Continued on Page Five AH Around the Town By The Star Staff Yesterday's weatherman was ab- olutely correct in his prediction s sleet coated this section . . . City nd State police do a fine job of hecking on various roads and highways in bad weather via radio and ts a good idea to check with them lefore traveling . . . fpr instance fficers knew tho condition of the oads all oyer thus section early lis morning and sleet struck Nashville, Murfreesboro, Arkadelphia, and other points some time before t hit Hope. jncidently the mer- friends here yesterday He is sales manager of the South fo,r Kellog Co. and his wife is the former Lula Kate Warren of Hopq » , ^ Mike Kelly, Mrs, Jra YQcum, Mrs. Paul Raley and C, C. Lewis are among the buyevs attending Spring and Summer fashions market jn defense/ t but, sald^'qixtij peak of $1,275,000,001 r) the-world x asslstance'-tbj tions. The » ( President, 'there' Vifi ing, wiWn the; preset of 275 billion dollar six months of this,' fore, Jie said/ he waij request;- sfymiedvip.tt'-~,„„.. summer, for 'a' hJghot'|ceJM Secretary of the Treasim phrey told newFmen.VtKe*,aq {ration would' again ^ftSte billion dollars^boirowlng;* ty, a boost of '}5\bflltt|ns Both Humphrey, ancJi rector LJose'ph v Mu''P&aie. < / newsmen separately-in, the budget mighr"'lb^v ; Both said,,efforts^t#>* down to tbje l^y^^Sn not oe rela^d!!^!., This budget <was prepared by a, , ' administration in the reconra»fp^atlgn|^ are subject ttf'apprp^l,^.. There is. cbns}<le?f*% year sentiment there I," taxes further, a step/vj swell*the Deficit Ing cuts were' madAj «"He P,aid the") assumptions tions 4n ger and corporation "prof its, tinue 'fat, substantially ent' high 1« Here are hower*s \&x r; The,W| al to giyl montfi to file' April J5. A' ") ther? \vws' novQ] this effective thi( 2, Present "law for nje.|ica,l of insftpw- ww'Hi single *B^SQ ily. Eisenho; er point-at* to 3 per" cj ble the A Dallas Building of a new cot- cury dropped a flat 50 degrees within 12 hours, from 80 high to 30 .ow. Despite conditions State Police helped find a watermelon for a Hot Springs youth with a rare disease . . . the appe&i went out last night over ##AB and a melon was found at Henry J&ntts store , , . by 1} p. m. Guy, Downing was enrpute tp Hot §pxto$9 with it awl MS morning Mr. JftcKinney brought in a couple which wili be seat to the youth. tage at Methodist Children's Hom& in Little Rock has been authqrized . District Commissioners govevn.' ing affairs of the the hpme include Mayor John* Wilson a,nd the Rev, E. D. Galloway of Hope, In the event spme purchasers feel they didn't repeive full consider* ation the Victory Hwne Denwns,t}f* ation Ciub didn't serve' pofjtee wm* 3. pjesenfrilaw^i child #s 9 h f " moe ,inan/! po/swj thjRt C.. r .. rr , for ch.Unroi.wp 1ft, • or as 'jha H M'V C^yde mev HJB the m?»ls they delivered tfe out the city Jn a w<* <* benefit. A jpt of 'Hope fp&s av? o a dinner at Hpte.J BartP' yue^day iqifil f

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