Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn with Other Editors More Alice In Wonderland Do you ever wonder where your tax money goes? Occasionally we ask that question, especially where some exotic project, such as studying the mating habits of the tse-tse fly in the Congo, is found to be financed by U.S. funds. That isn't as facetious as it might sound. The General Accounting Office has issued a report to a number of congressmen who had demanded an explanation for projects disclosed in a March, 1974, article by James J. Davidson, executive director of the National Taxpayers Union. In the report is an account of a project devoted to finding out how Australian aborigines smell when they sweat. To learn how they smell cost you, as a taxpayer, $70,000. The report didn't describe how the sweat smells. Perhaps that's classified information, and you, as an ordinary taxpayer, are not entitled to know. Anyway, that was one of the items for which tax funds were wasted by various quixotic projects listed by the General Accounting Office. Want to learn more? Well, how about $20,000 spent to study blood groups of Polish pigs? Or the $29,361 for an odor- measuring machine purchased for Turkey under an Agriculture Department research project. And then there is the $15,000 study of lizards in Yugoslavia, a $6,000 study of frogs in Poland and a $35,000 look at wild boars in Pakistan. The General Accounting Office is a congressional watchdog agency. It" studied 35 projects cited by Davidson, confirmed the existence of most and concluded that none were authorized specifically by Congress. GAO did not evaluate the merits of the projects, and we don't blame it for not trying. What we are wondering, though, as did Rep. Robert Daniel of Virginia: Why we could not have prevailed upon Turkey to lend the Australians the odor-measuring machine? Rocky Mount (N.C.) Telegram Hurst Recieves 1 year KANSAS CITY, Mo. (AP) Q. Byrum Hurst, 55, a member of the Arkansas Senate for 22 years, was sentenced Friday to one year in prison and a $5,000 fine for bank law violations. Judge John W. Oliver of U.S. District Court imposed sentence, rejecting Hurst's plea for probation. Hurst pleaded guilty Feb. 11. to one count of an eight-count indictment that charged him with misapplying funds of the First State Bank of Joplin, Mo. The count alleged that Hurst received proceeds of a $12,500 First State Bank loan to R. E. Warren -at Idabel, Okla., on June 21, 1972. Hurst also had pleaded guilty to four Arkansas counts of conspiracy — one involving giving false statements to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. and three involving misapplication of bank funds. These charges alleged he participated in misapplication of about $148,000 in loans made by the Bank of Glenwood, Ark., and the Pike County Bank of Murfreesboro, Ark. Oliver sentenced Hurst to one year on each of the five charges, but said the terms would all run at the same time. Hurst, a lawyer, told Oliver he would do anything the court required if he were granted probation, rather than time in prison. He said he could not understand why the Federal Bu - reau of Prisons had recommended a two-year sentence in his case. The bureau studied the case after Hurst was sent to the U.S. Medical Center at Springfield, Mo., June 15. The Ed/fer says: *AA A j. I* I It takesacountry boy 20 years to .get to town—and $ 100,000 to gat back. Star ^^g^^^^v-^^^UMUOm| * •• " *-' * Hope Hempstedd Knife VOL, 75—No, 273 —6 Pages Member of the Associated Press Newspaper Enterprise Ass'tk Features HOPE, ARKANSAS SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1974 Av. net paid circulation 3 months ending March 31,1974—4,080 As filed with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject to audit. PRICE lOc OLD DISTRICT headquarters on Highway 67 south showing front (above) and side entrance for vehicles and road equipment (below). This building has been abandoned for a new district headquarters on Highway 29, which will be dedicated in September. Puka shells objects of great desire HONOLULU (AP) — A booming trade in jewelry made from common seashells has brought beachcombers armed with sho* vels, kitchen strainers and makeshift window screen strainers to seek minifortunes on hitherto tranquil Hawaiian beaches. Their quarry is the Puka shell, the disc end of tiny cone- shaped seashells. The shells are made into necklaces, bracelets, earrings and hatbands, but are used most often for single- strand choker necklaces for both men and women that are the rage of the islands. The necklaces are sold at roadside stands where the going price for chokers is from $18 to $25. Stores in the Honolulu area are charging between $35 and $50. The seashell ends that make up the necklaces are eroded from the rest of the shell by sand and coral. They have a tiny hole in the middle, which give the shell its name — puka is the Hawaiian word for hole. About 150 shells are needed for a 15-inch choker. The shells are found in greatest abundance at beaches on Oahu's north shore and upper leeward coast. Beachcombers sift through sand, coral, drift- glass and other shells to find the tiny Puka shells. "Nobody swims anymore," said one woman as she examined a mound of sediment her young sons had carried up on the beach. "We got here at 5 a.m. and there were already others here," said another puka-hunt- er on a recent morning. "Weekends are worst, but there are big crowds even on weekdays." The scramble for the shells led to a brawl recently when one family encroached on an area staked out by another family. Swimmers and sunbathers grumble that they have no place to lie and worry about sands littered with piles of discarded shells, coral and glass. Some enterprising youngsters gather shells and sell them. Headquarters 39 years old In 1935 the City of Hope donated one acre of land, and with the assistance of a WPA Project, a building 60x144 feet was erected to house the District office and shop at its present location on Highway 67. Additional lands have been acquired over the years and buildings enlarged and added to facilitate the highway system in this area of the State. The great demands for more and better highways by agriculture, industry, and the traveling public in this area have accelerated the highway construction and maintenance program to the point that the old District headquarters is inadequate for the proper supervision and coordination of construction and maintenance of the highway system in this district. The Arkansas State Highway Commission in September, 1971 authorized the purchase of 35.90 acres of land on Highway 29 north of Interstate 30 for the construction of a new District 3 headquarters. In May, 1972 the Highway Commission awarded a contract to Bush Construction Company of Hot Springs in the amount of $1,213,654.00 for the construction of the new District 3 headquarters at Hope. The main building in the new district headquarters will house the District offices, shop, auto parts storeroom and warehouse. Other buildings within the complex are a resident engineer's office, service station, equipment storage building, and chemical storage building. There will also be adequate yard space for the storage of equipment and materials used in the construction and maintenance of highways. District No. 3 is responsible for the construction and maintenance of 1,435 miles of highway in Hempstead, Miller, Little River, Sevier, Nevada, Pike, Howard and Montgomery Counties. There are approximately 285 highway employes located throughout the District. The annual operating budget for wages, salareies, and materials is approximately $2,700,000 which does not include the monies for labor and materials used by private construction companies in the construction of highway facilities. At the present time there is approximately $7,000,000 in highway construction contracts let each year in District 3. In view of the above, highway construction and maintenance is a big industry that brings millions of dollars into this area annually. Finances for highway construction and maintenance is derived solely from what is referred to as highway user tax; that is, tax from gasoline, oil, and motor fuel and part of the fees from auto licenses and registration. This is considered to be the fairest of taxation since the more a person uses the highway facilities, the more he pays. Therefore, taxes that people pay for fuel, licenses and registration fees are returned in the form of better roads. The Highway Department does not receive monies from the General Revenue Fund. Housing Closed Labor Day II Both Housing Authority Offices - at 720 Texas and 112 West 6th will be closed Monday in observance of the Labor Day Holiday. Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. Ford to Review Amnesty WASHINGTON (AP) - Pres* ident Ford plans to review amnesty proposals for military draft evaders and deserters before beginning a Labor Day weekend respite at the presidential mountain retreat in Maryland. Atty. Gen. William B. Saxbe and Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger deliver their recommendations on "earned re-entry" for young Vietnam war foes at an early morning White House meeting today. "The President will not let a lot of grass grow" before making up his mind on the amnesty issue, said presidential Press Secretary Jerald F. terHorst. Although terHorst said that it will be "rather a short period" before a decision is reached, no announcement is expected over the holiday weekend. The two Cabinet officers coordinated Justice Department proposals for some 14,000 draft dodgers subject to civilian law and Defense Department recommendations for about 28,000 deserters under military jurisdiction. The President scheduled an afternoon golf date at nearby Burning Tree in Maryland then arranged to go by helicopter to the presidential retreat at Camp David. He will interrupt his holiday Monday to return to the White House to sign landmark pension legislation, appropriately on Labor Day. Ford said through a spokesman on Friday that he does not favor an added ten-cent per gallon tax on gasoline because that would be "exorbitant, unwise, and unnecessary." Ford traveled to Columbus, Ohio on Friday to address the Ohio State University graduating class. While he was away, a seven-member delegation of Clergy and Laity Concerned turned over to Special Presidential Assistant Theodore Marrs petitions bearing 52,000 signatures supporting "universal and unconditional amnesty" for all Americans who resisted Vietnam military duty. Marrs reminded the interfaith organization in a friendly exchange outside the White House gates that Ford wants leniency for draft resistors but emphasized the middle-ground presidential policy of "no am- nestyn no revenge." The visit to Camp David will be Ford's first to the Catoctin Mountains retreat since he became president more than three weeks ago. Among those accompanying him will be the first lady and children Susan and Stephen. While former President Richard M, Nixon barred newsmen from setting foot on Camp David, Ford is instituting a more open policy. Facilities are being re-established so newsmen can observe Ford's arrival and departure and the new President has agreed to admit photographers for a Sunday picture session. In other developments Friday: —Ford discussed proposed national health insurance legislation with leaders of the American Medical Association in the OvaJ Office. Prison program successful, so far SOMERS, Conn. (AP) — Connecticut corrections officials say they are pleased with the success thus far of a controversial program that uses electric shock treatment and psychological conditioning on men serving terms for molesting children. Roger Wolfe, administrator of the program, says that in the last 18 months, 11 men who have undergone the treatment have been released from the state pnson here. None have been rearrested for sexual offenses, he says. And vvhile Wolfe says it is "inevitable" that one of those involved will be rearrested, he hopes the program will be 70 to 80 per cent successful. The treatment involves channeling the behavior of the convicts into socially accepted patterns. They undergo a three- stage treatment aimed at making them desire sex with women rather-than children. Civil libertarians critical of the program say inmates participate because they believe it will enhance their chances of parole. And the U.S. Bureau of Prisons has said it is discontinuing its behavior modification program. State Correction Commissioner John R. Manson, however, says he is prepared to go to court to keep the Connecticut program and calls the federal decision "gutless." Manson says the alternative is to keep convicted child molesters locked up for longer periods since parole boards are reluctant to grant early parole to sex offenders. Wolfe says that the officials running the program often are skeptical about the sincerity of those wishing to enter. But he says the motivation level of most inmates is high because 'it's not nice to be a child molester. If you're a junkie you can find all sorts of Deer support.... If you're a bank rob-- ber, you're admired." The program uses just that motivation to change the inmate during the behavior modification program. It starts with aversion therapy, which uses the individual's phobia cand couples it with an imcompatible picture that makes that phobia repulsive to him. During shock therapy, the inmate sees slides of nude children and women. He receives an electric shock to the groin area when he sees a slide of a child. No shock is associated with the pictures of women. With the molester's preference for children eliminated, social conditioning begins by transferring the inmate's sexual desires to "normal channels." The inmate fantasizes normal sexual contact, and rewards himself with thoughts of something he finds pleasant, such as his boss giving him a raise. —The White House announced that Ford plans to make political trips to Barre, Vt. on Oct. 7; to Philadelphia on Oct. 9; to Indianapolis on Oct. 16; and to Louisville on Oct. 19. The latter three events will be Republican fund-raising affairs. The Vermont event is a salute to retiring Sen. George D. Aiken. 100 Killed in Crash ZAGREB, Yugoslavia (AP) — Between 80 and 100 persons were Wiled Friday night when f passenger coaches of an international express train jumped the rails and overturned as it approached the Zagreb station, authorities said. They said more than 150 persons were injured. It was not known how many cars were derailed, and railway officials could not estimate the number of passengers aboard. Veceslav Jakovac, a district court judge who is heading the investigation team, said the death toll was probably between 80 and 100. Earlier, authorities had said at least 80 bodies had been pulled from the wreckage and that more were pinned underneath and said the death toll was at least 100. Investigators arrested the engineer, his assistant and the station switchman, but no charges were filed. Yugoslav law permits detention without charge during an investigation. Tanjug, the Yugoslavian press agency, said the cause of the disaster had not been determined. An official announcement was expected later today. Survivors said the train was traveling at about 65 miles per hour when the coaches flipped 300 yards from the station. One witness said the train ran into the station like a torpedo. Officials said identification would be difficult on many victims because they were badly disfigured. Cranes were put to work this morning to lift chunks of debris. Rescue workers cut through the steel and wood to get to buried victims. The scene of the disaster was littered this morning with parts of human bodies and luggage. Police cordoned off the area, and special teams were put to work to identify the bodies. It was the worst rail disaster in Yugoslavia's history, according to the press agency. The train originally was reported to be the Athens-to-Dortmund, West Germany Hellas Express. But a railway spokesman said this morning in Beld grade, 300 miles southeast of Zagreb, it was a special express train from Belgrade to Dortmund. Most of the passengers on the special train were Yugoslav workers going to their jobs in West Germany after vacations at home, the spokesman said. It was not known whether Americans were aboard. Sepf. 6: football and pancakes day The new football season gets underway Friday, September 6, when Hope meets Ashdown at Hammons Stadium. It's a new season under a new head coach, but everything is not new. That Friday night is the date of the annual Kiwanis pancake supper. As in the past years, Kiwanians-will be cooking and serving pancakes, sausage, and drinks from 5 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. at the high school cafeteria, and every cent of profit will be used in Kiwanis youth programs. The meal will be good, the service excellent, the cause deserving, the fellowship congenial, and the Kiwanis Club most grateful for public support. Food Prices up Again WASHINGTON (AP) - Farm prices of cattle and hogs, which provide about 30 per cent of what consumers eat, are climbing again, while beans, potatoes and vegetables have declined from mid-year. The Agriculture Department reported Friday that over-all the price index for raw farm products rose 3 per cent from July 15 to Aug. 15. The boost followed a 6 per cent increase from June to July. The department's Crop Reporting Board said higher prices for animals, corn, soybeans, wheat and eggs led the advance. However, the index was still 13 per cent below the record set on Aug. 15 last year, officials said. A week ago, the department predicted retail food prices would continue to rise in the last half of 1974 but not as rapidly as they did early in the year. Even so, officials said retail food prices for all of 1974 may average at least 15 per cent above last year, compared with a 12 per cent gain predicted a few months ago, when super- large grain crops seemed likely. Summer drought reduced those prospects and has helped fuel another spurt in food prices. The price index of meat animals as a group rose 4 per cent from July to August, but the average was still 33 per cent below the record peak set a year ago when government food price controls were eased. Cattle, for example, averaged $36.60 per 100 pounds on the hoof, and hogs $36.10 per 100 pounds, each up $1.60 from July 15. But a year earlier cattle were $51.70 and hogs $56.30 per hundredweight. Corn brought farmers $3.37 per bushel, a record, compared with $2.91 in July and $2.68 in August last year. Put another way, 100 pounds of live steer would buy about ten bushels of corn this Aug. 15, compared with nearly 20 bushels a year ago. That, basically, is why consumers will see much less grain-fattened beef on store counters and more produced from animals grazed in pastures. It also shows why hog, poultry and dairy producers are skeptical about increasing output: it costs much more to feed livestock. Wheat was $4.24 per bushel at the farm on Aug. 15, up from $4.04 in July but below the $4.45 mark set a year earlier. Wheat rose to a record $5.52 per bushel last February. The farm price of potatoes was $4.97 per 100-pound bag in August, down from $6.34 in July and from much higher peaks last winter. A 100-pound bag of dry beans brought farmers $28.30 in August, compared with $30.50 in July. But a year ago they were $17.90 per bag. The department's farm price index for vegetables was down 10 per cent from July, including lower prices for lettuce, celery, cabbage, tomatoesn canteloupe and sweet corn. T he inUex, however, was 4 per cent higher than a year ago.
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