Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 29, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, March 29, 1943
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,* T Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press 'OLUME 44—NUMBER 140 Hope The Weather Arkansas: Little Icmptraturc change tonight. Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MARCH 29, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY areth Line Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN- Rules Profession of Insured Must i«be Considered Litlle Rock, March 29 —(/T 1 )—Trial courts passing on total disability insurance cases must give consideration to the business or profession of the insured, Ihe Supreme Court held today in reversing an award for a Helena surgeon and physician. The High Tribunal in setting aside judgment totalling $2,051, •gs's^and attorney fees aggregating $2,- !R§£!!iO awarded Dr. William Robert K.ijOrr, Sr., againsl Iwo insurance ''"' companies said phillips circuit court must consider whether Dr. Orr could perform his duties as u physician although incapacitated las a surgeon. The trial courl had awarded Dr. Orr judgment for $1,419 and a $1,250 attorney fee against Ihe Aelna Life Insurance company and a judgement for $1,232 and a $1,000 utlornly fee againsl the Pacific 3 S-'Mutual Life Insurance Company -1 under permanent disability clauses 5 of life insurance policies. •• Dr. Orr suffered an X-ray burn on his thumb und several fingers i of his right hand August 22, 1941. ?KHe contended that the burns totally '"and permanently disabled him bul I Ihe court called attention to tesli- mony that he had continued to practice medicine since the injury. "The trial court in the inslruc- Vlions given at the request of the 'plaintiff (Orr) treated phyisicians and surgeons as one profession; although the defendant (the insurance companies) specifically pointed oft lhat if Dr. Orr could still engage in Ihe practice of medicine, yhcn he was nol lolally disabled," 'the Supreme Court said. "To recover in this case, Dr. Orr must be disabled bolh as a physician and also as a surgeon." j ( Affirming Sebastian circuit courl jjiho Supreme Court ruled that 'JSjeorgc and Walter Newman, * Jsrothers, were joint owners of a 'Sg5 acre Sebastian county Iracl ac- py|uired by the government in 1941 •ijjtor Camp Chaffec, I/If George Newman claimed sole iiwncrship by virtue of seven years 'adverse possession, but the Su- •prcmo Court said testimony indi- 'culcd Walter Newman had nol 'abandonld his claims. * In unolhcr Sebastian county ase, ihe Tribunal upheld five year irison sentences assessed Paul Mit- ell and Warren Thurmun of Smith on burglary charges, defendants sought u reversal pn grounds the prosecuting attorney hud amended the information :tor it had been filed but the Su- iprome Court said such authority been granted by the 193G criminal law reform act ( A cross chancery' courl decree .warding Ihe Rock Island Improve icnt company, u unit of the Rock land railway, judgment ; against Brookfield. for eighteen years .jccs il hud paid on u 200 acre 'cross county traet occupied by ,fookfield was modified lo re- fuire him to pay only Ihree ycurs ipk luxes jjrookfield acquired the land in i2J8 at an improvomlnl d i s- Ipt foicclosure sale bul paid no on it The company, appar- unawurc of his possession 0!)tmucd to pay taxes it had !tafted in 1903. The supreme court invoked the three year statute of Ijinjjta'ions in upholding the company's light of recovery of back Veto Hangs Over Agriculture But Farm Labor Is Real Issue The Bankhead farm bill has passed both houses of congress and gone to the president, where an expected veto would be quickly overriden by the senate—but not so certainly by >he house. Tnc Bankhead bill is one of two ~~® measures which the South and West consider vital to their main livelihood—agriculture. The Bankhead measure wouk prohibit the president from deduct ing government benefit payments from parity price standards whei figuring the price ceilings on farm products. The other measure, the Pace bill, which has passed Ihe house bu has been thrown into commitlci by the senate, would include al farm labor costs when calculalin parity. Bolh bills are wanted by agricul lure—but both are opposed by th administration, which says thei passage would throw Ihe who! price stabilization program out of gear. But listen for u moment lo agriculture's case, as presented by the current bulletin of Ihe Arkansas Farm Bureau Federation: "Food production in 1943 will depend largely upon Ihe manpower available to farmers, who find themselves in the position of being forced to compete with industry, operating on a government-guaranteed cost-plus basis, for labor. If they arc to go into the open labor market and compete for workers Ihey arc going lo have to match dollar for dollar with industrial plants, an impossibility unless the prices of their own products reflect cost of production, including 1 a b o r cosls, us provided for in the Pace bill. "Enactment of the Pace bill simply means that farmers, working from 70 to 80 hours each week, will see the actual labor cosls necessary to production of all crops reflected in prices, including government ceilings and supports, jusl as labor cosls are reflected in Iho prices of every manufactured article sold today, including the implements of war. Why single out the farmer as inflationary for asking cosls of production remuneration for his own labor and that of members of his family and any that, he must, employ, unless il is conceded that because he is a farmer he should subsidize all others to the cxlonl of his labor cosls? "Lasl year farm prices reflected T1.40 per day for farm labor when the national average actually was $2.83, and it is rising all of the time. Compare these wage levels to those of cost-plus industry, with 40 to 50-hour work weeks, and you have the answer to why farm labor is not only difficult to obtain, but also why many farms have been abandoned in Arkansas and other stales by owners who normally would be producing food und fiber." Wholesale Gas Rate Reduction for Southwest bupiemc court eliminating a 6 lien of the bank of Atkins piga'jpst pioperly in Alkins owned ll?y Qi W Holloway represenling tjudgmenls againsl former owners "but upheld the right of the bank lo Recover tu\cs paid on the property title was in controversy. State's Part of Race W 9 neyls$315,000 Rock, March 29 — (fl j ) — i,OUgU fi» d l figures had not been Jjpd, Comptroller J. Bryan said today the slate's revenue the 30-day horse racing seat Hoi Springs' Oaklawn Park amount to about $315,001), a jtime record yjous high had been hit in the state approbated Baton Rouge, La., Miircn ±'3 — (/I 1 ) — Substantial reductions of whoolesale gas rates for major sections of Ihe South und Southwest reportedly were near today under a proposed Federal Power C o in- mission adjustment of the rales of Ihe far - flung United Gas system. The Louisiana Public Service Commsision, which initialed the cuse before the Power Commission nearly four years ago in seeking lower rates in this stale, considered Ihe proposal today. Wholesale rate reductions contemplates in the proposed adjustment later would be passed on to consumers, suid well informed sources who declined lo be quoted by name. The United Gus System's Pipeline company operates the largest natural pipeline in the world, a network 6,000 miles long making deliveries from more than 70 major gas fields lo 11 slates and portions on Mexico. c Texas, Louisaniu, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Alabama and Florida are served directly by the United Gas Pipeline company while points such as St. Louis, Birmingham und Montgomery, Ala., Atlanta and Macon, Gu., und Memphis and Jackson. Tcnn., are served by concerns depending on United. The commission last your rue- cecdcd in having wholesale rates charged by the Interstate Natural Gus Company reduced 01 Complete Food Rationing in Effect Today —Washington By IRVING PERLMETER Washington, March 29 — (/I 5 ) — Wartime bell - lightening really hit home today as rationing of meat, butter and Allied products began. New coupon cosls on processed fruils and vegetables also went into effect. The average American, who has been one of the world's biggest per capilj consumers of meal could buy pork, beef, lamb or mul- lon today only on the 16 points of Iho red A stamps in his No. 2 ration book. Sixteen poinls will buy Iwo pound of steak this week — if il is available •— bul mosl people will want lo use some of those points to buy olher culs of meal and also butter, lard, cheese, vegetable shortening, canned fish and salad oils . Meal- planning problems of Iho housewife were doublytouph today because many of the coupon values of processed foods that she tried so hard to learn during the lust four weeks were changed this morning, some up and some down. On the bright side, sho could buy prunes, raisins and other dry fruits and apple juice without coupons. She could also buy other fruit and vegetable juices and dehydrated soups al reduced coupon costs. Bul the old standby of canned baked beans was higher in point value, und other increases made \'.\ it more difficult lo buy canned fresh lima beans, catsup, und canned applesauce, fruit s a 1 a d und cocktail, peaches and p i n c- applc. Summarising Ihe kitchen rations in effect today, Ihe coupon silua- lion was as follows: . Meat, cheese, canned fish, bultcr, lard and other edible fats and oil — this week use only red A stamps in Ration Book No. 2. This provides 16 poinls per person to be spent interchangeably for meal and the other items in this group. The \ stamps may be saved, if desired, and used any time through April 30 along with other red stumps becoming valid each week in that period. Expiration dale of fifth week stumps has not been fixed yet. Processed fruits and vegetables, canned soups and baby food through Wednesday, use blue A, B or C stumps in Ration BookNo.2, and at any time until the end of April also use blue D, E and P stamps. Note new chart of point •values effective today. Sugar — Slump 12 in book No. 1 good for five pounds though May 31. Coffee— Stamp 2(i in Book No. 1 good for one pound I h r o u g h April 25. The- problem on buying meal today also was complicated by Ihe fact thai many stores probably had none on hand. Besides the scarce and uneven supplies of moat thai caused rationing in the first place, the situation was aggravated lust week because thousands of people bought up all the hams, rousts und other cuts in sight for a last fling al tin- rationed eating. OPA expects quick restocking ofi'ctail coolers, bul il will lake lime before the supple thoimhout the entire country is stabilized. In the meantime, game,poultry and freash fish arc unrationod. Also unrulioned urcsofl cheeses (including collage und cheese), und vegetables, bread und other bakery products, corn syrup, figs, jams and jellies, molasses, olivs. peanut butler, pickles, potato salad, spaghetti and macaroni, spices und soft drinks. Then, too, there is no coupon rationing al restaurants although pub- OUSSELTIA TROZZA.MTS: •x, CRBATA'-HILLS- MAT Smashed Rommel in Full Retreat, Allies * * May Close Trap FDR to Confer ! p !! ie< |j Ca "r d n 10 . %!/• i r^ • Active Naval Duty With Davis on Farm Labor B OVID A. MARTIN Washington, March 29 — I/I') — President Roosevelt arranged to confer tomorrow with his new food administrator, Chester C. Davis, j and leaders of four national farm organizations to draw up general plans for meeting farm labor and machinery shortages and tor solving olher food production problems. Davis, who has been serving us president of the Federal Reserve Bank at St. Louis, arrived in Washington last night to take over his new job and immcdiattly began u series of conferences with close friends, and farm leaders. Those invited to the White House meeting with Mr. Rooslvelt included, besides Davis, Edward A. O'Neal, president of the American cream |Farm Bureau Federation, James iiilk,cereals,fresh fruits i G. Pu'ton, president of the Nalion- Continued on Page Four) OWI to Start Radio Offensive Soon London, March 29 — (.-T'l— A big i radio "offtnsive" in which OWI programs originating in New York will be re-broadcast each week to the continent by the British Broadcasting Corporation was announced last night. There will be morning and evening broadcasts in virtually every Eruopaji tongue which will be transmitted on long wave, medium wave and short wave, and on many frequencies of each. The boradcusts will be transmitted by special facilities from OWI's Now York studios to the BBC studios in Britain, and rebroadcust inslanlantously. Included will be 10 broadcasts weekly in Finnish and daily programs in Porluguese. Broadcasts to Spain, Bulgaria and Hungary will bcjin later, it way slated. ul Farmers' Union, Albert S. Goss. muster of Hie National Grange, und Ey.ru T. Benson, president of the National Council of Farmer Cooperatives. Those loaders suid they expected the conference to settle tho question of whether Davis would have the final word in determining administration policies on f a r m prices. O'Neal, Goss and Benson have declared Davis would be greatly handicapped if he did nol have complete authority in the price field. In addition to the While House meeting, Davis will be asked to make an early trip to Capitol Hill lo advise tho Senate appropriations committee what to do ubout recruiting lubor for man starved farms. Chairman Russell (D - Ga.i said a subcommittee holding closed hearings on u bill to provide $20.000,000 for recruitment of farm labor wants Davis' opinion on how big this fund ought to bo, how it should be administered and what he thinks should be done about get- ling a back to the farm move started immediately. This was only one of the many problems that congressmen and Senators will want to s.cc Davis ubout as soon as he acts organized. Senator Aiknc Ui - Vl.i suid the Former U. S. Senator Lloyd Spen-1 ccr will leave Hope Tuesday morning to report for active duly with the Eighth Naval District at New Orleans Thursday. The First Nu- lionul bunk president has been a member of liic Naval Reserve for many years, holding Ihe rank of lieutenant-commander, Lt. Comdr. Spencer suid his call lo aclive duly was merely for some special work that would require several weeks—not for the duration. Mrs. Spencer will accompany him for the stay in New Orleans. Roundup of Food, Gas Rationing By The Associated Press Meats, Cheese, Fats, Canned Fish Red coupons marked "A" in ration book No. 2 are valid this week in buying beef, veal, pork, lamb, mutton, hard cheeses, butter, murgcrino, shortening, edible oils and canned or glassed fish und meat. "B" coupons will bo I good nexl week, "C" points the | followhm week etc. Validity is on I a monthly cumulative basis — that i is, "A" coupons not used this week I may be turned in at any later time 'inrough April 30. So may B, C and D coupons not required in the weeks they are current. Processed Fruits and Vegetables The DEF blue coupons are valid through April 30. The ABC points cannot be used utter nexl Wednesday. Sugar Coupons 12 in Book No. 1 good for five pounds through May 31. Coffee Coupons 26 in Heaviest Raid of War Made on Berlin London, March 29 — (/!>) —RAF bombers resumed their assaults on German submarine bases lust night, after the greatest raid of the war on Berlin Saturday night, by blasting the base at St. Nazaire with a "concentrated attack," the air ministry announced today. Two bombers did not return from the St. Nazaire raid, which was curried out jn considerable strength and added now damage to a LJ- boal haven which has boon al often and heavily in the past. Squadron of Bombers, escorted by fighters, crossed and recrosscd the southeast coast this morning, hinting ul u continuation of the in- Reds Repulse Nazi Thrusts in Donets Region By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, March 23 — (/I'jThc Red Army fought on in Ihe mud during the night, breaking up Iwo German efforts to crack its line along the Upper Donets river and capturing four more villages in the slow drive loward Smolensk, Ihe Russians said today, but Ihe once flaming balllc line apparently had subsided temporarily to a series of local and inconclusive engagements. The mid-day communique rc- porlcd thai there were "no material changes on the fronts" and was devoted almost cxclusivlly lo iso- lalcd engagements involving relatively small forces. (The German communique, recorded by the Associated Pres said that only local engagcmenls were fought in Ihe central and j southern sectors of Ihe Russian ' front yesterday, but that the Russians renewed, their attacks south of Lake Ilrnen and near Lake Ladoga. The gifting lasted all day, the communique aid, and the Russians were repulsed with heavy lossesl. In the push toward Smolensk, which ,had carried to within 32 miles of the great German base, Ihe Russians reported .one village was taken by the column which has been driving westward from Vyazma and three more by the column which for weeks has been moving southward from Bely, about 8!) miles to the northeast of Smolensk. The single village captured was taken during a night attack and success came after the Russians had mixed il with the Germans using bayonets and hand grenades, the communique said. More than 100 Germans were reported killed and a small quantity of equipment was seized. In a neighboring sector a Russian scouting party slipped behind the German lines and attacked a German infantry column moving up lo Ihe front, killing 70 Germans with machinegun and rifle fire, it was announced. The Germans attempted to storm back into positions Ihey had losl in earlier fighting oulh of Bcly, but Ihe Russians said Ihe attack was frustrated and the Germans forced buck to their original posi- lions minus 150 of their comrades, who lay dead on Ihe battlefield. i •Sr in *0 >, al of arch Prescott Child Killed at Rail Crossing Prescott—Zcttie Lou Jones, IS was struck by a freight train at tensive blows directed at Germany I downtown street crossing this aftei and her satellites on Ihe continent noon and killed instantly. Culiluiucd on l''uur) book No. 1 good for one pound through April 25. Shoes Coupon 17 in book No. 1 good for one pair through June 15. Gaso'ine No. fi "A" coupons valid through July 21 in ihe east, where they are good for Ihree gallons each. Valid through May 21 elsewhere and r;nnd for lour gallons each. Holders of "A" books ivmM have tire inspection by March l!l. during the, week end. The German radio meanwhile announced German bombers, retaliating iuf the Saturday night HAF raid on Berlin and a daylight raid yesterday by American Fortresses und Lbierutors on the railroad yui'ds at. Ronn , France, smashed ul Norwich, England, during the night. llil and run Grcmun raiders appeared over the south coast this morning and made a direct hit on u school clinic in a coast town. Rescue workers begun digging i;i thl wreckage for members of the stuff and any pupils who miglH have been trapped there. Authorities said two enemy aircraft were destroyed during night raids on Britain, The great load of almost 900 tons of bombs hurled down on Berlin Saturday night was almost double the heaviest total of explosives and incendiaries the German air force dropped on London in its heaviest attack. (The German high command communique broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associated Press suid Allied air attacks againsl occupied western territory caused "heavy losses" among the population. (The communique claimed destruction of Hi planes there und over the Norwegian coast, an urea the Allies did nol mention. > Lust night's RAV alUu-k tin St. Nuzaire was the 4tilh of the war Witnesses told Sheriff C. D. Wan that the child tried lo run acros the track ahead of the train. Her father, Fred Jones, die several yours ago. Her mothei Mrs. Ruby Brown, lives at Benloi The child is survived also by throe sisters. Mrs. Erlis Urry and the Misses Merlin and Emma Fay Jones of Prcscolt. Clocks Changed in Axis Territory By The Associated Press Germany any territory she dominates went on summer lime this morning, advancing clocks an hour to make the time differences six hours ahead of Eastern War. As Uuly made the change, clocks in Vatican City also were advanced. Meanwhile, "down under" in Australia where summer is past, clocks were set buck to normal lime. This moans that such cities as Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane arc 14 hours ahead of Eastern War Time: Adelaide is 13 1-2 hours ahead; und Perth is 12 hours ahead. It has been estimated lhat about | 70 billoin dollars will find its way i into the normal channels of U. S. I business in 19-13. —Africa By CARU C. CRANMER Associated Press War Editor The Marcth line defenses of Marshal Erwin Rommel in Southern Tunisia have collapsed under the smashes of Gen. Sir Bernard L Montgomery whose British Eighth Army has broken through on d 25- mile front leaving only ragged edges of resistance at either end Allied headquarters dispatches announced today. With the Germans and Italians rapidly withdrawing their 80,000- man army from Southern Tunisia, a race appeared to be under way tor Gabts, 20 to 39 miles to the north, where the Germans were reported plowing up their airfields. Set to spring a trap at half a dozen points along a narrow coastal corridor of Axis retreat were American, British and French sptarhcads, pointed to the sea. "Our troops on March 28 occupied Marcth, Toujane and Matma- ca," an Allied Headquarters corr muniquc said, and Marshal Erw Rommel's forces are withdraw' leaving 6,000 prisoners in Br' hands. The fall of Marelh, Matma* Toujane indicated lhat virtu/ entire 40 - mile line of Frc fortifications had been sw by the hammering assau' gomery combined with flank attack in which c 3 raced 100 miles arour reach El Hamma, sf behind the front. T' reached a point only au_, CQ, west of Gabes where a formed between the 'sea and " Hid'"'" Salt Lakes. With the northern central of the formidable system of dugouts brok- , en it appeared doubtful if the Ger- ' mans and Italians would attempt to make a stand in the isolated rcmnats. The German high command it- clf indicated a large-scale retreat vas in process by Announcing that Hied attempts to intercept Axis orces were frustrated and that erman and Italian troops were ripving to "new positions". The talian high command said several trong positions were abandoned mdcr overwhelming pressure. While RAF and American bombers struck with devastating effect n the western air war over the week end, in which Berlin had its leaviest raid of the war, and while the Russian front was growing comparatively inactive as a result of spring mud, this was the situation elsewhere in Ihe Tunisian theater: Lieut Gen. George S. Pattern, Jr's Americans at El Guetar, struck out from their hills 55 miles from Marshal Rommel's coastal road of retreat and made progress toward the Sea. A few miles lo the north his patrols were aclive in the Maknassy sector where they were only 28 miles about a day's march — from the coastal area. Another American column of infantry und half-tracks, after u 20- mile march in which Fondouk was captured, also was pushing patrols out onto the Kairouun coastal plain. Fondouk is about 52 miles from Sousse, a Tunisian port Jusl lo the north of this column French forces had struck out across the strategic Ousscltia valley and reached Ihe hills on its eastern side In Iho cxlreme north, Lieut Gen. KAN Anderson's British First Army also was applying growing pressure in the Djcbcl Aboid sector, less than 50 miles from Bi- y.crtc. Tho Allied communique said this force had marked up ud- vunccs for the second successive day il SI I Cuntmut'd on Piiiie 1'uur) Hals are estimated to cost average farmer $2 apiece nually. the By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 29 —(&)— Field Marshal Erwin Sommel's Mareth Line defenses have collapsed under the pounding of the British Eighth Army and j his forces are retreating northward with heavy losses, it was announced today. Scattered pockets of resistance were left behind, bul Gen. Sir Bernard i... Montgomery's infantrymen were reported mopping them up, one by one, as Allied aerial squadrons joined ground forces in powerful attacks along the Axis escape corridor. Tho Marcth Line broke oh a 25- mile front at three points, running from _0 to 30 miles from the Axis supply port of Gabes. Already one of these spturheads, Americans under Lieut. General Georyp S. Putton, Jr., was on the move Irom K\ Guetar, smashing 10 miles through Italian resistance in j Continued uu Puge Four)

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