0 Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 138 Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change; rain tonight. Slor of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MARCH 26, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY ritish Win New Ground */ 4 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN Is the German Nation Insane? A Psychiatrist Looks at It Howard W. Blakeslec, science editor of The Associated Press, reviewed for the morning newspapers today Dr. Richard M. Brickncr's (Columbia university) book, "Is Germany In- Qurable?" u is Dr . Brie-knur's theory that ~ | ® Germany is ;\ paranoid nation, and ho proposes a protectorate within Germany for part ot the German people. The protectorate would deal with the German mind, just us a doctor deals with the mind of un insane person. Blakeslec describes Dr. Brickncr's proposal further: "The prolclorate would nurse the political growth and eventual domination of Germany by a single group oC its own citizens, comprising those millions who still have sane, : peaceful, democratic minds and hearts. "The method, completely new for handling a nation, he says, is an old-as-the-hills treatment for a paranoid person. It should succeed in Germany, he argues, because Germans have become a paranoid nation. "Paranoids are a very numerous class of humans. A paranoid i s megalomania, grandiose, mystic, unable to accept any reasoning that goes Pacific Lull .' Thought Prelude to U. S. Attack Returns Farm Bill to Include All Labor Costs -Washington Washington. March 20 —(/P)Thc current lull in Pacific fighting, broken only by air attacks against ^Japanese outposts in the Solomon (. »nd Aleutian islands, was regarded in informed quarters today as indicating American commanders have been strengthening and disposing their forces for powerful new olows against the enemy. .") The objcctivse of these offcn- "sivcs, qualified informants predicted, will be both to win new strategic positions for United States forces and further to reduce Japan's waning sea power before the .enemy has an opportunity to recover from past losses. Every day that passes without signifcianl action, it was emphasized, gives the enemy more time to repair damaged ships, speed new ones to completion, strengthen Qthe bases that guard his far flung empire and develop the rich conquests of the South Pacific. Since shipping is known to be one of the enemy's most vulnerable points, an initial move might be '/designed to compel him to fight'un- do'r terms favorable to American success. In seeking to maintain their nold on Guadalcanal, the Jap- ' anese spent ships and planes desperately even after it became apparent they must evntually lose . -'the island. Another island conquest which would cause them sLmillarly serious losses would be a highly profitable enterprise for the United States even though the territory actually ';won might not be of major strategic importance. To launch such an enterprise it was believed here the Navy might strike more deeply into the Solo- cmons archipelago by invading eith- l }cr the Munda are immediately bc- "yond Guadalcanal or attacking Bougainville, the big island at the northwestern end of the chain. Strategy aimed primarily at the conquest of an important position .-.might — depending on the forces •'avaiable — call for an attack on Truk, the enemy's main Naval base in the South Pacific or on the Marshall Islands cast of Truk and the Carolines where the Japanese have built up an interlocking chain T "}of strong outposts remotely flank- j ing the communications lines between Hawaii and the South Pacific. North of the Carolines another possible target is Wake, where the (~i enemy lias already been bombed 'several times. But the island is so small and its uses are so limited by size and Terrain that some experts here have suggested purely Tire Inspections for Holder of A Stickers Motorists of Hcmpslead County who have A mileage ration books were reminded today by Chairman T. S. McDavitt, of the local war price and rationing board, that March .'if is the deadline for the first inspection of their tires under the Office of Price Administration's program of periodic examinations to extend the life of tires now on cars. military considerations might not i dictate its recapture. ~ The present lull dates back al most two months, following the final scattered naval action which accompanied the collapse of Japanese resistance on Guadalcanal. _ The only Naval activity reported ") after the final Guadalcanal fighting around Feb. 1 developed on the night of March 5 when an American cruiser — destroyer task force shelled the enemy base at Munda and sank two destroyers of a group . which attempted to interfere. Thus the Navy has not been in im porianl combat since the first days of February and inquiries here as to the reasons for this apparent in- activiy produced the suggestion that it could only mean that preparations were in progress for new strokes. School Bus Driver Indicted at Dardanelle Dardanelle, March 2C—(/P>—The Yell county grand jury indicted Richard Miller, 43, yesterday on account of negligent homicide in connection with a school bus| truck collisoin near here Feb. 16 when eight school children and -jn [instructor were injured fatally. Deputy Prosecutor Joe Goodier, I who announced the indictment, Isaid Milter was expected to post [bond today. He is employed at (Barling. The ni/.U regular term of [circuit court is scheduled for September. against his aggrandizement. He may imagine his mission is divine. In that case he can kill with a clear conscience." There you have the psychiatrist's view of it. But I don't know that it is particularly helpful when medicine is called upon to diagnose a political problem. The remedy is as unworkable as the original problem, for the remedy assumes that the same dictatorial controls that surround a physician's patient may be thrown around an entire nation . . . and politically that is not so. What has happened within Germany the last 100 years is a matter of history, and the causes of the irescnl mad dictatorship there arc 'airly clear. This much of the psychiatrist's diagnosis is politically true: There s in the State ot Prussia and among the university and other ruing classes a strong paranoid influence. Originally it may have been no stronger Hum the paranoid influence found among all nations. But beginning in 1848 there have been periodic flights of millions of people out of Germany to find peace and safety in other lands. The 1848 exodus brought to the United Stales such men as Carl Schurz, later United States Senator from Missouri; and Joseph Pulitzer, founder of the St. Louis Post- Dispatch and the New York World. And periodically thereafter many other men of democratic tastes and sensible habits of mind were compelled to leave Germany between dusk and dawn — men like the ancestors of Wendell L. Willkie. No wonder, thcrforc, that the political mind of modern Germany, robbed of the restraining influence of millions of normal citizens, has degenerated into that of a paranoid. But notwithstanding this a German republic was set up after World War No. 1 and it bid fair lo be successful — but for two things: First, the failure of the Allied Powers to back it up with material aid; and, second, the internal struggle of the Communists, who sided with Hitler's madmen rather than with the friends of the republic — much lo their later regret. I believe there are political cures which will still solve Iho problem of what to do with Germany after the present war. Probably we shall break down the present empire into its original provinces, Bohemia (Czechoslovakia), Saxony and the rest, making small republics out of them. . . with special restrictions for the war-like province of Prussia Washington. March 26 —(/I 1 ) —A bipartisan Senate coalition smashed through farm bloc lines today and by a voice vole sent back to the agriculture commilles a House-approved bill to include all farm labor costs in parity price ceilings. But a moment later the chamber turning a deaf car to renewed pleas that it was hastening infl.-i- lion, passed and sent to the White House legislation to prohibit the deduction of government benefit payments made to farmers in calculating the parity price ceilings on their crops. The measure, apparently headed for a presidential veto,.... was approved by a voice vote over the protests of price Administrator Prcnliss Drown that it would raise the price of foods 7 per cent and add $1,500,000,000 lo the cost of living. The farm labor cosls measure, also denounced by administration leaders as certain to bring about inflation by boosting food cosls 10 1-2 percent, was reported unanimously by the committee last Monday at a 10 - minute session, without hearings. It was on this basis that administration leaders mustered sufficient voles lo sus- sain a motion by Senator Lucas (D-[ll.l to return it to the group for further consideration. The adminsilration was joined in this move by 'Minority Leader McNary of Oregon, who contended passage of the bill- at this time would be used by organized labor to force wage increases that would break down inflation controls. McNary ordinarily supports farm bloc FDR Fails to Define Status of Wickard By OVID A. MARTIN Washington, March 26 —(/I 1 )— The Agriculture Department marked time on ils war food program today pending the arrival of Chcslcr C. Davis lo lake over Ihc job of food production and distribution administrator and the issuance of a White House order defining his duties ana* his relation to Secretary Wickard. The appointment of Davis, president of Iho Federal Reserve Bank al St. Louis and former agricultural adjustment administrator, was announced by President Roosevelt yesterday in a statement which left unanswered, for the lime being, the exacl scope of his dulics and responsibilities. The While House announcement, which evoked, expressions of approval from major farm organizations and leaders of the congressional farm bloc, said Davis' agency would be located in the Agriculture Department and that it would have charge of the department's proposals. Most of the nine new Republican members of the Senate joined in supporting Lucas' motion. Proponents forecast immediate steps by the Agriculture committee to conduct brief hearings and then said the measure back to the Senate calendar promptly, despite the opposition of Price Administrator Brown, who contended the measure would add $2,333,000,000 lo Ihc cost of living it became law. Most observers believed the bill would pass if brought to a vole in Iho Senate, but a presidential veto was expressed in thai event. food production distribution actviitics, including the AAA and the recruitment of farm labor. The principal questions left hanging are whether Davis is lo be responsible lo Wickard in any way or whether he is to answer to the president alone. Also being asked was the question of whether Davis is to have the final word in determining the administration's policies on farm prices. Information bruited among farm leaders was that Dvais had agreed to accept the post only on the condition that he be the final authority on farm prices. Such organizations as the American Farm Bureau Federation, the National Council of farmer cooperatives, and the national grange issued statements praising the Davis ap- (Berlin). We did not have greal trouble with Germany until someone put these many stales together as one empire. And, paranoid or otherwise, Germany will be no menace for the future if dissolved into several self- governing slates. The collapse of the post-war republic was a great tragedy not only for Germany but for the world. Its causes, fundamentally, were political, not medical. And the cure must be political, not medical — regardless what the doctor sliys. OPA Planning No Soap Rationing Washington, March 20 —M')—The Office of Price Administration as- erled today it plans no rationing of soap and contemplates no order which would freeze sales of soap. For several days rumers have been current in some western cities that OPA expected lo freeze soup sales preparatory lo rationing and runs on supplies were reported in u few places. Davis to Have Control of Food Supply By OVID A. MARTIN Washington, March 26 —(/!') — President Roosevelt said today his new food administrator, Chester C. Davis, operating virtually an autonomous agency, would take up immediately the quselion of forming a land army lo help turn out the nation's food supply. At the same time, Ihe chief exc- cutivc told a press conference 550, 000 farm workers already had been deferred from miliary service and thai Selective Service Director Lewis B. Hcrshey estimates 3,000,000 additional people on the farms would be deferred this year. In a lengthy discussion of farm problems, Mr. Roosevelt also said the War Production 'Board has taken stops to insure a greater supply of farm machinery lo those who till Iho land. Not only will some of the larger manufacturers be allowed to make such equipment, he said, but also an effort will be made to obtain more adequate distribution facilities for Ihe smaller plants. Previously, the big manufacturers had been converted lo war production and had slopped making farm machinery. The president released today the executive order selling up Ihe new Office of Food Production and Dis- trbiulion, of which Davis will take charge Monday. Davis will cooperate with Agriculture Secretary Wickard, Mr. Roosevelt said but in final decisions, Duvis would come to him. This will remove nearly all phases of the wartime food program from Wickard's control and leave him to handle the old line bureaus of Ihe Agriculture Department. To make clear another point, the poinlmcnl, but warning lie would be unable to succeed unless he had complete control over the government's policies .. affect of prices, prduction and distribution. Much of the recent friction between the administration and the congressional farm bloc and farm organizations, reflected dccpscatcd differences over farm price policies as formulated by the Office of Price Administration. Aides of Wickard could shed no light on his status in the new setup. They, like others, awaited an executive order the White House is expected lo issue before Davis arrives next week to lake over. The president's announcement appeared to leave to Wickard's direction only research, educational, statistical, forestry and farm credit activities of the department, but whether this is true, only further word fiom the While House can clear up. Nazi Resistance Mounts but Reds Show New Gains —Europe BY EDDY GILMORE Moscow, March 20 — (IV} — Before mounting German resistance, the Red Army steadily pressed on in one sector o£ the western front today and halted to consolidate its positions in another, but the general pressure toward Smolensk was unslaekencd. On the Northern Donets river liiilllrr'roinirl. 1hr> Russians fought bitterly against large units of Germans, the battle shifting this way and that in the Belgorod sector where Iho midday communique said, the Soviets recaptured two soUlemonls they had lost previously to the Nazis. (The German high command in its Friday communique, recorded by the Associated Press from a Berlin broadcast, said flatly: "No operations of. special importance .vcrc ropnvlccl from the entire eastern front." (It added that "the sl.rikinu power of enemy attacks launccd south of Lake Ladoga decreased considerably." H told of German air raids on Iho harbor of Gcicndzhik, on the Black Sea coast in the Caucasus, and on railway targets and industrial plants at Leningrad. One medium - sized merchantman was reported sunk. (A Finnish army report, also broadcast by the Berlin Radio, said 20 enemy bombers late last night attempted to raid Helsinki again but reached only the environs of the capital and their bombs caused no damage. (The Russian midnight commun- ique as recorded by the London Soviet radio monitor declared Russian artillery had smashed---German lank and infantry columns making new attempts to cross to he eastern shore of the Donets •ivcr cast of Kharkov. (It reported that Soviet troops lorth of Chugucv successfully defended a height against a tank and nntar array supporting a German infantry regiment in one sector and that Russian field guns in another sector killed more than 500 attacking Germans. Russian firepower also dealt heavy punishment '.o German forces northeast of Kharkov, it was said.) It was obvious from the charact- Today's War Map Mitts .•.•••.::.v.-:-.'.'.'::.'.;V/j: BATTLE LINE ALLIID THRUSTS (NEA Telomapl Today's war telemap pictures the Tunisia area taken by Americans after German penetration to the Algerian border. Drives on Mezzouna and El Hamma are also shown. New Emphasis on Ruml Plan Compromise Washington, March 2G — (/P) — New predictions of a House victory for the Ruml plan to skip an income year were voiced by Rcpub- licians today but Chairman Doughton (D - NO of the Ways and Means commitlec took an opposlie viesv, declaring "Ihc Ruml plan is beaten." Meanwhile, some Dcmocralic or of (he violent battles north of Chugucv thai fresh German forces were at the batllefronl. The Russians are stubbornly defending the river against heavy pressure from lank and morlorized infantry outfits and bloody battles have been resumed. Yesterday il was indicated that the intensity of the German thrusts had slackened. Builder of Hospital at Hot Springs Dies Crolon-onlluclson, N. Y., March leaders despaired of their ability to pass ihe Ways and Means com mitlcc's tax collodion bill, .. which would abate no taxes and make pay - as • you - go optional for any taxpayer electing lo double - up by paying two year's taxes in one, after which he would remit on current yacr income. This put new emphasis on the 26 —I/I 1 )—John Byron Goldsborough, plan. 79, chairman of the board of the Underpinning and Foundation Company of New York, died today. Prominent in engineering circles, he construeetd the U. S. hospital al Hoi Springs, Ark, efforts of a newly forming bloc lo draft a compromise between ful" abatement (Ruml) and no abate ment (committee), that would can eel out a substanlial portion, .. bu not all of one years taxes. Rep. Knutson (R - Minn.) loading Ihc Republican battle for a full year's abatement, said after a checkup that he could count a majority and 12 voles to spare for the Ruml plan. He figured on losing approximately 20 Republicans, but picking up 30 or more Democrats. He' previously had said he could count no more than six Republicans against the skip - a-ycar Italians Regard Associated Press Correspondents As Prize Prisoners of War By PAUL KERN LEE with Allen at Tobruk last Sept. 13 Port Said, March 23 —(Delayed) I when ihe Sikh was lost during coin—(/!')—Larry Allen and Godfrey H. P. Anderson, Associated Press war correspondents now prisoners of Italy, arc among the most popular men with their fellow prisoners, judging by the words pouring unsolicited today from British seamen exchanged for Italian captives. Allen, Maryland born veteran of AP Service, is in camp 21 near Chieti. Italy, they said, descrbiing il as one of Ihe toughest camps in Italy with 20fuot stone walls and much barbed wire. It formerly was used for i:ntiFasr:isl political prisoners and now houses prominent war prisoners, including 40 American fliers, field service ambulance and some civilian drivers lernees. The 787 British president said Davis also would have authority over farm prices. On the question of a land army, the chief executive asserled this is one of Ihe things Davis is going to take up upon his arrival in Wash-I for 803 Italians and ington. The chief executive cited reached here today. Britain's success in increasing food production about 60 percent through the use of such an army. nrisoners exchanged Sunday at Mersin, Turkey, Germans Twin-peaked, •-*•< Ml Victoria, highest summit in the Owen Stanely Range was first scaled by Englishmen in 1889. Many of them sought me out. exclaiming: "Are you an Associated Press man? I want to tell you about Larry Allen. ' One was a lieutenant from the Deslroyor Sikh and was captured mando operations. The lieutenant said Allen got ashore in a lifeboat and was hospitalized about, two There are 209 Republicans in the House and 222 Democrats. The debate on pay - as - you go collections for 'H,000,000 income taxpayers entered Ihe second day with U-i'p. Heed (R - NY) charging U. S. Citizens in France Are Taken by Nazis Bern, Switzerland, March 26 — /P) British and American men who remained in the former Vichy controlled-part of France • after Ihe lolal occupation by German troops were reported today to have been taken to Germany. The United States legation here said it had no confrimation of the report but said it had been notified all British and American citizens in the area — men, women and children numbering some 3,600 — had been arrested. According .. to the report that British and American men had been taken to Germany, the Germans explained Ihc measure was necessary lo remove alleged trouble-making clcracnls from France in event of military operations. This presumably was in reference lo possible Allied invasion. It was nol known here definitely how many American men had remained in the zone occupied by Ihe Germans afler Ihe Allied campaign against North Africa opened but the legations here said it was relatively small. As to ihe advices that all British and American citizens in the area had been arrested, Swiss au- Ihorilies in charge of American in- tercsls in France said Ihey had nol yet determined the number Americans there but believed th greater number ot the 3,000 involved were British. The United State legation said il had heard rumors the American and British h.id been taken to some However, Going Slow on Whole Tunisia Front —Africa By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 26 — (JP) — Battering down fierce enemy resistance, Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery's infantrymen have won new ground in the Marelh sector of the Southern Tunisian front, il was an nounced today; Th'c sixday-old struggle of the ' British Eighth Army lo shatter the Marcr.h Line defenses apparently has not yet reached anything like a decision, bul the counterblows mounted in midweek by Feild Mar^ shal Erwin Rommel have fallen off. Americans from the command of Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., repulsed a minor German infantry, attack at Djebel Berda, some 20 miles southeast of Gafsa, v and held firmly to .this mountain on the south side of El Guetaria pass. Another enemy attack was made on the hilly slopes about two miles south of Boy Haran, ilsclt 18 miles cast of Gafsa. There has been no official information for two days concerning the Eighth Armys desert column which passed around the southern cx- .remily of Ihe Mareth Line in a sweeping flanking maneuver and was last reported to be eight miles from El Hamma, the Axis air base 20 miles west of Gabes. General Patlon's armored and in- fanlry detachments maintained their threat from El Guearia Pass and through Maknassy against Rommel's coastal escape corridor, but have been unable for 48 hours to drive forward. In the Madnassy are the Americans were in contact with Axis troop; •% -> v; of Maknassy '-and 10 miles south east of Sened station. Until the entrenched enemy is driven completely from the Orbata range, which flanks the Gafsa- Mahares railway for miles, and Axis pressure against El Guetaria Pass, near the southwest edge of these hills, is broken, the Americans seem slated for a scries of snviU, stubborn engagements. Numerically superior Allied air forces pressed their attacks yesterday despite a hint that storms were brewing. : Allied fliers established a record number of sorties in Central and Northern Tunisia. Fourteen enemy planes were officially announced as destroyed, while the Allies reported six of their own were missing. of hfe weeks for a cold caused by Ihc chill of the wetting, but now was in excellent health. From the start, the Italians treated Allen as a special prize, took him to Italy from Denut by plane, respectfully called him "lieulcnat" and smilinely refused to heed his arguments that he was a correspondent and therefore a noncombatant. Allen, undaunted, wrote letters to Pope Pius XII, President Roosevelt and other notables., but his fellow prisoners were nol sure the Hal ians ever forwarded them. The other prisoners teased Allen, calling him "IWanta Go Home Allen," bul Ihey said he look Ihe jokes in food spirit and continued his efforts. Recently they when Allen got American secretary of state, Cordell Hull, addressed "Lieut.- Comdr. Alien." telling him there was tniaU chance he would be ex- I'lumgd. the committee bill, if adopted, would put the small taxpayer at Ihe mercy of "loan sharks." ••Instead (if making Iho taxpayer current," he declared,"you majority members are pulling him in 'hock' for life. "The bill which the majority of the House Ways and Means committee have presented to Ihe House is simply a continuation (if (he present discredited system of collecting Ihe income lax a year after Ihc income 0:1 which il is based is earned. "It is thi! persons in the lower income brackets who are most in need of relief, bul Ihe committee bill would pay a lifetime bonus to well - to - do taxpayers since the place in Northern France but lacked confirmation. The report the American and British men had been deported and they were taken to Germay lusl week after being instructed lo present themselves to French authorities. Another report, reaching here lo- day from France said 300 French police at Marseille had been arrested and taken lo Germany. Among rumors was one that police in France were taking into custody everyone whu spoke English. Judge Ben Lindsey Dies Suddenly Today discount provisions would continue j Los A ngcles, March 26 — (IP}— Suto apply as long as Ihe taxpayer j pcrior j u dg c Ben B. Lindsey, long were surprised i letter from the stayed on a current basis." OPA Devises Plan to Increase Meat Quotas Little Rock, March 26 — f/Pj—So retail slocks of meal can be augmented by the time rationing begins Monday, a procedure has been worked out whereby meat quotas may be increased where necessary prior 'o rationing, the OPA »ui- nounced today. The Food Distribution Administration, Wilson building. Dallas. Tex., can authorize slaughterers lo "borrow" one day's quota from their next quota period for each day's adjustment that must be made before April 1. About 300 engine, navigation ajid communication instruments arc needed to operate a big bombing plane. prominent California and Colorado iurisl died tooday at Good SmariUm hospital. Lindsey had entered Ihc hospital for emergency treatment Wednesday night, his widow, Mrs. Henrietta Lindsay, disclosed. The previous day lie had occupied th° bench in the children's court of conciliation, which he founded some years ago. He first became widely known as a juvenile court judge in Denver, Colo., and was credited with orig- Allied Bombers Hit Japs Over Wide Area Allied Headquarters in Australia, March 26 — (/I 1 ) Japanese bases 1,700 miles apart in the island are above Australia were blasted by General Douglas MacArthur's bombers yesterday, with Amboina, 600 miles northwest of Darwin, hit hard in one raid and |, Rabaul .smashed heavily for the second time Ihis week. An Allied communique said that i quarter - ton bombs hit directly on two enemy cargo vessels one of 8,000 tons and one of 0,000 tons, in Amboina harbor, and that flames shot up from wharf ureas. Amboina formerly was a Dutch Naval base and now is one of the Japanese strongholds menacing Australia. For Iwo hours before dawn yesterday, the war bulletin said, Allied heavy bombers ranged over Rabaul. Ihe enemy's northern New Britain island Naval and Air base, starting fires and causing heavy explosions with bombs weighing up to a Ion. The communique said there was no effort at interception by Japanese fighter planes. Afler last Tuesday's raid on Ra- baul, in which 54 tons of bombs were dropped on three airdromes where more than 250 planes were nested. Allied headquarters expressed belief a substantial proportion of the enemy's aircraft had been destroyed or disabled. Six hours after yesterday's attack, "one of our reconnaissance planes over ihe area observed smoke and flames from waterfront fires rising to 3.000 feet," today's inating children's court orcpedure which was widely copied. Dardanelle, March 26 —i/Pi—The Judge Lindsey was 73 years old. He was born in Jackson, Tenn., \ Nov. 25, 1869. He was famous as a writer and lecturer as well as a jurist, and during his world travels had been honored by several national rulers. war bulletin said. Other Allied bombers hit a wharf and warehouses al Gasmata, New Britain, and one plane made seven runs over the Ubili area in a three- hour iiighl altack, it was announced. The airdrome at Lac, New Guinea, was raided twice, and low- aliiiudc attacks were made on buildings at Salamaua.
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,800+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month