Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 24, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press 0/OLUME 44—NUMBER 136 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929, The Weather Arkansas: Rain today and tonight; warmer in Cast portion, little temperature change in west portion tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Rommel Hurls British Back Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Congress Takes Over V Faycrrevillc Votes Wet Yesterday the United States Senate repudiated, 74 to 3, President Roosevelt's executive order establishing a maximum limit on salaries-after-taxes of $25,000 a year. 5 As the House of Representatives j had previously adopted a similar | repealer, and now is expected lo I concur in the senate measure, this means that lhe executive order has been definitely canceled. The average citizen may wonder why such an uproar over a mailer that seems lo hold only a mathematical interest for the residents of small cities and an agricultural region. Certainly no one in our vicinity would have been directly affected by the $25,000 limitation. The answer is: This is a representative democracy—not an absolute democracy. An example of the lallcr is Ihc Soviel Union as originally conceived by Lenin and Trotsky. An executive authority order, of the made without parliamentary Meat Rationing "Coupon Values Are Liberal —Washington By IRVING PERLMETER Washington, March 24 —(/P)—Disclosure today of coupon values of '"•meat showed Americans will be allowed, starting Monday, lo buy a maximum of two pounds of popular lypc steak or 3 1-5 pounds of Hamburger per person, per week under rationing. J Actually, most people will buy less because they will want to use Koine of the same coupons for butter, lard, cheese or canned fish. They will have 1G points to spend per week at an average: coupon cost yl 8 points per pound for the whole •group of foods. A typical budget probably will be, per person, two pounds of meal plus perhaps a quarter pound of butter and a quarter pound of cheese. Q whole pound of butter j:alls for eight points. OPA said the "rations arc rela- ! prohibited the company from giv- tivcly more liberal than the ra- j "»« her mol '° than $25,000 a year. If Lions for processed foods," but the ! she was likc niost actresses, this impact will vary sharply in each family. Families that have liked pnd been able to afford to eat a lot V)f meat may find their rations only n 'fraction" of thVir "customary pur- |"P&Setrto liriiit her earnings, yet the body, would bo perfectly proper in such a state. But our own country is a constitutional republic, whose procedure forbids any executive order against the personal rights of private citizens unless the congress has debated it and adopted a law. And finally, this $25,000 limitation order was a strange error on the part of an administration which avowedly is a friend of the poor and an opponent of the rich. I recall the case of a Hollywood film company which sought to break down the price of a highly- paid contract woman star on the ground that the president's order woman came from humble circumstances, got her golden opportunity, and rose to fame and riches—on her own performance. It was pro- chases, but in some of the poorest classes, the ration may exceed what families may be able to afford. jf Compared with such things as gasoline and shoe rationing, the new program will affect the lives of Americans more than any other type oC rationing undertaken so far. By Monday, about the only important unrutioncd foods in grocery Hslorcs will be milk, bread, cereals, preserves and fresh fruits and vegetables. On the brighter side, the plan is designed to even up meat supplies —at least after it has been in op• ^ration a couple of weeks — and will help those localities which have had the most acute meat shortages. The government said the new ra- .. * Continued on Pago Four) Adkins Vetoes .Bill Allowing Fraternity Pins Little Rock, March 24 — (.V) — Gov. Homer M. Adkins overrode personal plea of more than 100 igh school boys and grils and vetoed last night a bill passed by the !!)43 legislature to permit them to wear fraternity pins. The measure received only two dissenting t 'otcs when passed during the clos- ng hours of the session. The bill would have repealed a 192!) law banning fraternities and would have made school teachers $25,000 salary deadline would not have liimlcd the earnings of the film company which collected on her performance, nor would it have limited the dividends which un- working stockholders would have drawn from those earnings. A strange error, an obvious mis carriage of justice — and congress has wisely repealed the president's order, letting the income lax covet all according to their ability to pay . . . which was the proper procedure in the first place. * * * This morning's papers report that in an attempt lo dry up the university town of Fayellevillc Ihc local oplionisls took a beating, G25 to 370. Sampling public opinion before the election the Fayelleville paper, Northwest Arkansas Times, reported that "faculty members in charge of discipline al Ihe University of Arkansas, and al the Fayetleville and University High Schools, plus a big majority of Fayeltevillc business men and women, favored continuation of the present controls over beer and liquor" rather than a return lo wildcal prohibition. Which is usually the case where propaganda is exposed and the issue is debated truthfully and fearlessly. Had the small-town newspapers of America been uniformly truthful and courageous prohibition would have been no more important an issue than many another crack-pot idea unloaded in pamphlet form because not serious enough to justi- Threat of Coal Mine Strike Put Off Until May 1 New York, March 24 — (/!') — Threat of an immediate stoppage In soft coal production, vital to the nation's war effort, was slaved off today until at least May 1 in part, if not all, of the rich Appalachian coal fields. Two days after President Roosevelt told operators and miners of the Applachan area there must be no interruption of work when the present contract expires March 31, the northern operators acceded to the union's demand for a 30- rlay time limit on continuance of negotiations on a retroactive basis. John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers' president, said last week the miners would not go into the mines April 1 without a contract. The UMW, representing 450,000 bituminous coal miners, has presented a similar proposal to operators of mines in the southern district of the area. Charles O.'Ncill, spokesman for the northern operators, in his statement ,said : "We have reached an agreement it last for continuing the opera- Jon of the mines for 30 days after April 1, on a retroactive basis sug- estcd by the president." The miners' union has presented scries of demands for the proposed new contract, including an increase of $2,-a-day and an $8 daily minimum for all who work in the coal fields, and unionization of supervisory employes below the rank of superintendent. Management and union were deadlocked yesterday on the question of a time limitation on contract ncgoti.ilions, with he operators rejecting the union proposal for a limit of 30 days on negotiations, during which period miners would continue to work. The union rejected the operators' suggestion of continued negotiations without a time limit, but making final terms Reds Hold in Donets, Gain Near Smolensk —Europe fy discussion in the press. The Northwestern A r k a n s a s Times, anti-prohibition newspaper like Hope Star, debated the ques- would have made SCHOOL teachers j tion on aM the facts _ and lhe pco . Who discriminated against students ole wrote 11loil . nwn :ln! : wf ,,. Wearing badget subject to a fine. Assorting numerous school officials and teachers had appealed to him to veto the measure, Adkins expressed the conviction that regulation of fraternities and sororities was a matter for local school (Boards. " pie wrote their own answer. *BP>% ^l Fayetteville, County Votes for Beverages FaycUevillc, Dry forces in March 24 —(/I 3 )-— Washington county II would sel a bad precedent to try lu make rules and regulations for the operation of our schools by legislative action," he said. Approximately 45 Little Rock high school pupils failed to sec the j governor before classes yesterday inorninu but returned after school with reinforcements. The governor received a committee of 10 while the others thronged the reception rooms. Committee spokesmen said (Ahe governor suggested they call on their school board or attempt to initiate an act on the matter. Miss Willie Lawson, executive secretary of lhe Arkansas Education Association, said the group of more than tt.JUlO teachers, superin- 'ttendents and school patrons "commends Governor Adkins 1 for his veto." "We feel that the matter of school regulations is between pa- li'ons and then elected represenla- school boards and teachers home of the Rev. Sam M. Yanccy, chairman of the board of the Sttae Anti-Saloon League — failed yesterday in their efforts to ban the legal manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in two separate returns from a citywide local option election here gvae G25 votes in favor of lhe continued operation of legal liquor business and 3G2 against. Springdale township, exclusive of i lhe oily of Springdale, voted 00-19 for legal liquor operations. Two wards in Springdale earlier this year voted wet. Auxiliary Police to Hear Prosecutor retroactive to April 1. «• » «j» Americans Get 52 Nazi Planes in Single Raid At U. S. Eighth Air Force Headquarters, Somewhere in England, March 24 — (/P) — United Slates heavy bombers knocked down 52 German fighters positively in last week's raid on Vcgcsack, near Bremen, plus 20 probably shot down and 23 damaged, it was disclosed today by Maj. Gen. Ira Eaker. The total of positive victims were equal to the highest prviously scored, in a raid on France last Oct.7. He disclosed German filher vic- lims in Monday's raid on Wilholm- shavon were 28 positively shot down, nine probably shot down and nine damaged. That made for lhe loal of 51 American operations in Europe to date a record of 356 victims against 90 bombers losl, il was staled. The Vegesack raid, Maj. Gen. Eakcr said, marked an end of the "experimental" period in high altitude daylight precision bombing It now has been definitely established as practical without uneconomical losses. A new phase in the Eighth U. S. Air Force campaign now is beginning to which Eakcr, commander of the air force, said "our lask is lo build up a force to join the RAF in a lull - scale offensive on the German war machine." American bombers now "can go to any target in Germany and beat off fighters on their way there and on the way back" he said in a press conference. "I anticipate that we will have a big enough force by mid - summer so we won't give a damn whether they know we arc coming or not. The more (fighters) they put up the more we'll knock, down." Flying Fortresses and Liberators now are being equipped and crews trained for night bombing, he also staled, and will start flying at night in the near future. 'Doc' Spears to Succeed Shaughnessy College Park, Md., March 24 — i.^'i—Clarence W. (Doc) Spears, one of the outspoken proponents of straight football, will succeed Clark (T-Formationi Shaughnessy as head coach of the University of Maryland eleven. Spears will take over his duties By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, March 24 — (/P) — The Red Army clung tenaciously loday lo ils posilions on lhe northern Donets river, beating back every effort of the Germans lo cslablish themselves on Ihc caslcrn bank, and on lhe central front Soviet troops plunged on tosvard Smolensk capturing more settlements in their advance. The Germans crossed the Donets river in force east of Belgorod last night, bul the mdinight communi- que reported they were driven back from a town they had seized on the eastern side of the river. There have been no indications such a mass crossing has been repeated during the last few hours although there have been more al- tempts. The Soviet noon communique said the Red Army on the western front — which had been described as tht central front before the concerted drive for Smolensk developed—continued its offensive, capturing several villages and wiping out a force of German rapid-fire riflemen surrounded in a forest north of Dukhovschino. The Russians also were reported to have taken several other set tlemcnts in other sectors of theii push toward Smolensk and to have seized a tactically important line Heavy losses were inflicted agaii upon the Germans in the Belgoroc area when the Soviet troops smashed a German truck column and destroyed trucks, tanks am fuel wagons. The 50 miles stretch of the twist ing, turning Donets river between Chuguev and Belgorod is seein some of the most bitterly - foughl coordinated infantry and tank al tacks of the Russian - German wai The German air force continue' its aclviity over this front, repeal edly raiding the Russian position ul getting a taste of rifle, too. There have been several cross igs of the northern Donets by the ermans and always they have cen in force but never had the ussians permilled Ihem lo re- lain on lhe eastern bank more nan a few hours. The invaders were throwing 25 o 50 tanks against narrow sectors, dispalph lo Red Slar said, hop- ng to crack the line and pour lirough a small breach, then endanger Ihc entire scclion from the lanks. 3ut all efforts so far have failed nd major scale lank bailies con- inucd, it was said. Apparently, too, the Red Army vas still holding several sectors on he west bank of lhe Donets. For he last few days there have been 10 reports from the elbow of the •iver, in the Izyu'm scclor, but here is no reason to presume thai 'ighting has slackened in Ihis area where lhe Germans suffered severely in an ambitious atlcmpl lo storm across the still icy stream. In the Chsgucv sector, Red Star related. 200 lanks have been mounted by the GGermans on a front less lhan a mile long with strong air support. The Russian army's arrival in the .area about Dukhovschino marked one of the most significant marcnes to date in this area. Dispatches carefully staled the fighting actually was in a sector north of this Smolensk province town, which puts a Russian force in an area about two-score miles from lhe German base at Smol- ensk. The attack here was by the Russian force which has been- mopping up numerous settlements in this forest region south of Bely. Still another Sovitt group is mov- in wtgews ue repo reeqrepor te s Slill another Soviet group is moving westward along the Vyazma- Smolensk railway and highway. Wavell Fails to Crush Japs on Mayu Peninsula By The Associated Press Field MarshaJ, Sir Archibald P. Wa veil's legions have failed in four attempts to crush Japanese defenses on the tip of the Mayu peninsula in Burma, dispatches said today, and now must readjust their positions to nwait the 300 - inch rains of the monsoon. Only a few weeks remain before the flood begins. Dispatches said the British campaign bogged down mainly because they were unable to capture two Japanese strongpoints on the peninsula, whose tip lies opposite the big enemy base at Akyab on the Bay of Bengal. Nevertheless, observers said the But Americans Push Ahead in El Guetar Area Harris Opposes Early Post War Agreement Washington, March 24 —(/P)— We must have international security and cooperation after the war but "specific formulas and definite methods of procedure should not be agreed on at this time," says Reprcntativc Oren Harris (D- Ark i. We have already decided on | broad and general principles in the Atlantic charter,' Harris said in a statement which he inserted in the Congressional Record. "Let us not go back into a state of complacency and isolation," he urged. But "to attempt to work out the stupendous details at this time would not only detract our efforts from the winning of the war but would be most impractical and sheer folly," he asserted. When asked by a reporter whether he opposes the Ball-Burton-Hill- Halch resolution in the Senate, Harris replied that he favors the resolution, since it lays down a broad general policy and does not attempt to specify all the details of a post-war system of collective security. The Senate rsolution sponsored by Senators Ball (R-Minn.), Burton (R-Ohio), Hill (D-Ala.) and Hatch (D-NMi, calls on the United Stales to take the initiative in summoning delegates of the United Nations to form an organization to help prosecute the war and to prevent any further wars from occurring. In his statement, Harris criticized those who have turned to post-war, planning because they ., *und should not have to be settled b y a legislative act," she said in a prepared statement. Prosecuting Attorney Lyle Brown will speak on criminal law at a meeting of Ihe Hempstead county Auxiliary Police at 7:45 o'clock tonight, in the city hall, il was an| nounced by Corbin Foster, secretary-treasurer of the police. U. S. to Probe Reports of Defective Steel Washington, March 24 — (/P)—The Justice Department war frauds unit has begun to look into the story of defective steel plates turned out by the Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corp. plant at Irvin, Pa., an official, who declined direct quotation, said today. An observer for the unit has attended hearings being conducted by a Senate investigating committee and arrangements have been made to obtain the company's records, this official said. He added that the department intends to "develop" the case. Meanwhile the Senate War Investigating committee looked today lo the War Production Board and the United Stales Slccl Corporation lo ferret out those responsible for delivery of substandard steel plates to the government from the Carnegie - Illinois plant. Chairman Truman (D-Mo.l declared the highest responsibility for "fake tests," as a results of which he said approximately five per cent of last year's sleel plate shipments were below Navy, lend- leasc and Maratimc specifications, "must be found and this mess cleaned up." Employe-witnesses, through letter and direct testimony, lold lhe cmomiltcc yesterday that: They were instructed by J. H. McConncll and D. B. Ireland, inspectors in the metallurgical division, to "fake" tensile tests by pulling up their actual values to meet specifications. They changed analysis reports to show the falsified records of British had achieved three objectives: 1. They killed many Japanccs. 2. The gained valuable experience in jungle warfare. 3. They balked any Japanese plan to invade India before the monsoon. Meanwhile, British headquarters said RAF warplancs blasted Japanese positions at Donbaik, on the Mayu peninsula, and strafed enemy river craft and Japanese troops moving along the Toungoo. road. A communqiue said the RAF also bombed Akyab and the enemy airfield at Magwe. Japanese planes attacked an Allied air field in Southeast Bengal province, India, and inflicted a few minor casualties and slight damage. In the Southwest Pacific, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters announced Allied planes delivered a heavy blow to Japan's growing air power in the South Seas, dropping 54 tons of bombs on enemy planes at three airdromes at Ra- baul, New Britain. Other United nations airmen bombed a 10,000 - ton Japanese transport off Cape Gazelle and left it in flames. On the New Guinea front, Allied attack planes and long range fighters made 27 strafing runs over Japanese positions in the Mubo area and bombed and machine- gunned the enemy in the vicinity of their base at Salamaua. Jap Planes Cause Damage on U. S. Base Washington, March 24 — (IP) — Japanese planes caused "some material damage'' to the American airfield on Guadalcanal island in the Solomons during an attack Tuesday night, the Navy disclosed today. Navy Communique No. 322 said: "South Pacific: (All dates arc east longitude) "1. On March 23: "(A). A force of Army fighters strafed the enemy seaplane base at Rekata bay in the central Solomons. Results were not reported. All U. S. planes returned. "(B) During the night of March 23-24, a small number of Japanese —Africa London. March 24 —(/P)— Prime Minister Churchill told the House of Commons today the Germans by counter-attacks had regained the greater part of the bridgehead driven through the Marclh Line by the Eighth Army and that the main defense line of the Axis was now largely restored. Basing a brief statement on the latest information from Tunisia, the prime minister said the battle of Tunisia had not yet reached its climax and that much hard fighting was still ahead of British and American troops. "I do not wish that hopes of an easy decision should be encouraged" he warned. "On the other hand I have great confidence in the final result." Churchill said his information was later than that available lo the press and radio. Replying to a qucslion by the Laborilc Arthur Greenwood about the progress of the Tunisian fighting, Churchill declared: "I am obliged to him for asking this question as it is my duty to let the House and the country know that this groat battle now proceeding in Tunisia has by no means reached its climax and that much very hard fighting still lies before By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 24 — (/P) — Concerted counter-smashes by Axis armor and infantry created a very confused situation today where units of the British Eighth Army were' rammed into the Mareth Line, but in the El Guetar sector the Axis had met with a decided reverse against American tanks and troops threatening Marshal Erwin Rommel's lifeline to Northern Tunsiai. In extremely hard fighting the British who had driven a bridgehead through the Mareth Line in a formal assault near the coast succeeded in repulsing all efforts of the j Germans to dislodge them from the area of Mareth Village, an Allied headquarters communique said today. East of El Guetar where Lieut. Gen. George S. Pallon, Jr., and his Americans where within an hour's drive of the sea, dispatches from the front said the Americans from their positions in the hills on cither side of a narrow pass had poured artillery fire on a force of some 100 German tanks, destroying from 10 to 30 of them, (In London Prime Minister Churchill told the House of Commons Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's Eighth Army had lost most of its bridgehead through the "take the position that the war will ! specifications. soon be over." He said he wanted to "issue a warning to this congress, to this nation and lo the world thai we must be at our noble task with all ot our might and energy." Ex-County Man Heads WOW Organization D. Emmet Bradshuw. a native of Hempstead county, and another Arkansan, Farrar Newberrv. of Badly laminated and piped plates were shipped lo the govcrmnenl. Truman laid immediate responsibility for the fakes on W. F. McGarrity. chief metallurgist, and as, sorted MeGarrity was warned at | two committee hearings "he could be held criminally liable." i A statement from George E. | Dye, supervisor of, inspection, read into the record, quoted J. H. McConnell as telling him McGarrily i once "gol his ears beal back" at an operating meeting when he announced he had toold Dye lo start April 1. Besides tutoring the Grid- I Gurdon. were elected chairman of ' re j ect jng u n the bad plates. dors, he will be in charge of the student health program. Maryland President Dr. H. C. Byrd said. Cobalt blue glass containers arc being replaced for the duration by flint glass, because cobalt is on the critical list. the board, and president of Ihc Woodmen of the World Tuesday at a national meet at Omaha. Mr. Brudshaw was born and reared on a farm near Rocky Mound, about 4 miles east of Hope. He has been affiliated with the WOW lodge aboul 45 years. MeGarrity told the committee responsibility for the fakes rested with his department. B. F. Fairless. president of U.S. steel, testified he was no less shocked than lhe committee at lhe Conlinued on Page Four) planes altackcd the airfield on Guadalcanal island. There was some material damage but there were no casualties to personnel." Guadalcanal was last attacked on the night of March 11-12 when two Japanese planes bombed American positions without causing casualties or damage. The attack on Tuesday night was a continuation of the enemy's policy of occasional harassing raids. Rckata bay on Santa Isabel island is 135 nautical miles northwest of Guadalcanal airfield and has been in the past a base of minor importance in the enemy's scheme of Solomons installatoins. Hitler's Former Baker Held by FBI New York, March 24 —(.-Pi—Adolf Hitler's former baker, who concocted pastries fur the Nazi elite guard and storm troopers at Hitler's retreat at. Berchtesgaden. ! Germany, has been apprehended by FBI agents as an enemy alien, it was announced today. i E. E. Conroy, special auent in charge of the FBI. said the 40, year-old bakor told him he came here from Berchtesgaden in 1937. and had been employed in a well- known west of 42nd St. Restaurant. He described in detail to agents i banquets he had helped prepare for i the Nazis and said he had seen Hitler on several occasions. Conroy said he told agents he re- I fused to serve in the U. S. army ! again! any Axis power, and had two brothers, one in the German army and the oilier a German policeman. the British and United States forces. "The latest information from the Mareth front — later, that is to say, than that published in this morning's papers — shows that the Germans by counterattacks have regained a greater part of the bridgehead which has been largely restored. I'take?" occasion to make that statement as I do not wish that hopes of easy decision should be encouraged. "On the other hand I have good confidence in the final result." Almost as Churchill spoke, the Algiers radio continued painting a picture of continued Allied successes in all sides in southern Tunisia, noting, however, that enemy resistance continued very strong. Latest Algiers broadcasts declared advance units of the Eighth, Army were only 13 miles from Gabcs after ramming a hole in the Mareth Line by frontal assault and scoring a seven-mile gain. These broadcasts possibly were based on information several hours old, however, due lo delays in communication with the front, and censorship regulations. Other broadcast from that radio said the Americans were continuing their push west of Maknassy toward the sea behind Marshal Erwin Rommel, that the Eighth Army's flanking march toward El Hamma was continuing and that the French striking from the Chott Djcrid area were making progress. Dispatches direct from Allied headquarters also said the Americans striking from the west toward Rommel's rear had successfully withstood a heavy counterattack in which they smashed 30 of the enemy's tanks. It was noted that Churchill's statement spccfiically statement specifical-ly rcferre to the British Eighth Army front and not to the American sector. • Mareth Line as a result of the counter-attacks of Rommel, and that the Axis defense lines in that sector were largely restored. (Mareth Village is about 20 miles from Gabes behind the Mareth Line. Early broadcasts from the Algiers radio today reported that advanced elements of Montgom- $ Sunday Beer Sales to Halt on June 11 Little Rock, March 24 —W)—The Kidd bill outlawing Sunday beer and wine sales and 20 other measures were signed yesterday by Governor Adkins. The Kidd bill becomes effective June 11, 90 days after the legislature's adjournment since il did nol bear an emcroency clause. Adkins announced he would permit the Hale bill making incurable insaniy grounds for divorce to become law without his signature. Other bills signed included: SB206 (Mason) —Authorizing the labor commissioner to suspend laws affecting working hours and conditions for women in wartime. SB261 (Byrd) — Authorizing the revenue commission to lease state owned lands for oil and gas development. SB217 (Kidd) eliminating special attorneys in land confirmation suits and placing such work in the attorney general's office. May largest Call I Little Rock, March 24 —(.<?>—Selective Service Headquarters said today that the May draft call for Arkansas would be the largest since January. of Gabes, but these reports were not supported by any other source and were "in contradiction to the statement of Prime Minister Churchill who said he spoke from information later than that published in morning newspapers. (German military spokesmen: were quoted in Berlin broadcasts as admitting that Montgomery's army had temporarily penetrated into ihe Mareth Line at one place, but said the break had been "ironad out." (The spokesman said, however, that only the "overture" of the "great British offensive is behind us." It was claimed that 44 British tanks had been destroyed and prisoners captured); While the frontal assault of Gen. Montgomery had run into a terrific struggle which was not minimized by headquarters spokesm.cn, the looping drive of his detachments which circled Rommel's inland flank gained about two miles in the smash toward El Hamma, Axis air base and oasis crossroads 20 miles west of Gabes and at the western end of the bottleneck between the Chot Djerid salt lake and the sea. . •• , These forces drove the Germans off the high ground of Djcbel Teba- ba despite strong armored opposition and reached a point only eight mlies from El Hamma. (This fighting was taking place about 30 miles north of the main Battle at Marclh, well to the rear of the Axis positions.) American infantry and tankmen by holding Guetaria- pass east of El Guelar on the Southely road from Gafsa toward the sea, saved Gen. Patton's armored forces be- yong Maknassy on the northerly road from Gafsa from a threat lo their rcarwarcj communications. This enabled the northerly column to win Bon Douaou, a point six miles beyond Maknassy and only 28 miles from the enemy's coastal road. This column took a number of Italian prisoners. The Pulton force defending Guet- laria pass 10 miles southeast of 101 Guetar was officially reported to have destroyed 10 enemy tanks, but front reports said 20 more were knocked out. An Italian encampment of 200 men were captured. Gen. Montgomery had not been able to advance his wedge driven inlo the Mareth Line near Zaral, six miles northeast of Mareth and was slill under heavy counterattack from both German and Italian infantry supported by armor. The communique announced, however, that 2,000 prisoners had been captured there so far. The Allied air offensive reached a new peak yesterday as American Fortresses escorted by Lightn- ings raided the Bizerte docks. Low-flying sweeps accounted for a number of the tanks destroyed in the Guetaria pass struggle. In one sweep by Airacobras six enemy lanks were hit. Spitfires patrolling the Bizerte area had a battle with 12 enemy Continued on Page Four)

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