Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 135 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929, Star The Weather Arkansas: Warmer tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 23, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press >NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Maknassy Taken by U. S. Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN A The High Schoolers March Snobbishness on Public Money The teletype reports that 45 Little Rock High School students marched on the state capital this morning to persuade 'Governor Homer M. Adkins to sign a bill permitting them once Nazi Efforts lo Cross Donets Halted by Reds more to wear publicly the pins of high school fraternities. ~~® Almost from the beginning of our American system of private and public schools there has been agila- lion to suppress secret social soc- ground that they distinction, favored Selective Service Director Defines Classifications By CHARLES MOLONY Washington, March 23 — (/I 1 ) •Who's a 3-B. in thc draft? *" In a recent appeal lo Ihc president from a 1A draft classification, a baker's helper earning $20 a week was rcclassificd to 3.B. Nobody contended he was a nec- • ossary individual. Thc 3-B classifi- 'calion was given him simply because he had dependents and his job, although not essential in itself, was in an essential activity. This case, officials here say, ..pointed up one of Ihe most wide- Jopread misunderstandings by local draft boards of instructions sent them by national headquarters. Many boards appear to believe thai a man with dependents can't be classed 3-B unless he is an cs- *scnlial individual. But the regulations provide otherwise. Here's Ihe way Selective Scrvict Chief Lewis B. Hershoy summed up the rule lhat has been in effect since last August 15: «. "In considering the classification "of registrants with dependents, it is Ifot ncctfssarv**""'tb "•' duterrnlrio whether or not Ihc registrant is a necessary man' bul only lo determine whlchcr or not he is engaged in an essential activily. J'' "If he is not ,he is classified in class 3-A; if he is, then he is classified in class 3-B." One slate headquarters, finding Us boards still were making misclassifications, sent oul instructions Hlhis month putting it this way: "Any class 3 registrant with dependents . . who is engaged in a civilian activity necessary lo win production or which is supporting thc w." • effort musl (the "must" was underscored) be classified in .fc-B." It further pointed oul thai this didn't mean just bomber plants, shipyards and the like, bul activities "which provide food, clothing, shelter, health, safty and other ^requisites °' our daily life." Thc 3-A classification, it noted, is for those with dependents bul not engaged in essential activities. "The distinction is important because, in rcclassifying class 3 registrants. . . the cases of those in «i-A must be considered and ex huastcd before the cases of those in 3-B can be taken up," the notice said. Continuing Ihe discussion of misclassifications, thc instructions Jftitcd as "one typical recent case" that of "a newspaper reporter who was rcclassified from 3-A to 2-A." "He was unquestionably entitled to a 3-B classification because the publication of newspapers has been ieties, on Ihc created class the sons and daughters of Wealth and Position, encouraged snobbishness. Strongest opposition to fraternities has been voiced in the Slalc- supporlcd universities, but not even there has the love of mankind for secret groups been extinguished. The great hater of fraternities was Woodrow Wilson, who while president of Princeton university By EDDY G1UMORE Moscow, March 23 —(/I 1 )— Bat- Today's War Map lling numerically superior forces of Germans who continue to pour up to Ihc front in long columns, the Red Army of the northern Donets pushed back every German effort to cross the waterway in force, j while on the central front the Russians continued lo drive toward Smolensk, it was announced today. The Chugucv and Bclgorof sectors still were the centers of the most violent fighting in the Donets area, the Germans employing increasing numbers of infantry behind their mass tank and plane attacks, but there was no serious denting of the Soviet line. Along the long river front the Soviets continued lo hold several posilions threw Ihem oul of that school, j on lne western bank The noon communique said that Soviet artillery fire dispersed one enemy concentration in the area of Chuguev, which is 22 miles soulh- east of Kharkov, and that the Germans were hurled back "with heavy losses" when they attacked in one sector of that battle. Six tanks and 25 troop trucks were wiped out in one sector of the Belgorod district fighting, and 15 supply Irucks and Iwo German batteries were destroyed in another. The Germans have been depending largely on trucks for communications between Kharkov and Chu- gev and the Russian heavy artillery, which commands several roads leading to the front, has been pouring showers of steel into marching columns and troop-loaded trucks, as well as blasting the Princeton, and Oberlin college, in Ohio, are the only two large schools I can think of that prohibit fraternities. But among high school students the fraternity issue is scarcely debatable. College fraternities themselves took steps years ago to oul- law high school "frals", ruling that membership in a high school or prep fraternity would be grounds for barring one from a college fraternity. The young men and women of the universities recognized the ill repute likely lo fall on the whole fraternity idea because of irresponsible juveniles. And il was just such an act, at Litllc Rock, which caused Arkansas lo take action against high school fraternities which the governor is now being asked lo repeal. Some years ago a Lilllc Rock boy died of injuries sustained during a fraternity hazing. From .past comments in this column you are aware of this writer's prejudice against fraternities. All I can say is that in my own school time many of us were admirers of the course set by Wilson at Princeton. I know thai il led me lo rejccl a bid lo Delia Kappa Epsilon, while in Columbia. My sponsor happened lo be Corey Ford, now writing from Alaska for Collier's magazine. The passage of years lessens one's intolerance. There are of course Iwo sides lo the fraternity issue in college—but neither this writer nor the senior fraternities themselves see anything but folly and trouble in the toleration of smug little groups on the campuses I tor was held lo be a" measure to of high schools supported by Ihc j t ry to save German posilions at M'blic and attended by youngsters I Bryansk and Orel, endangered by living at home with their parents. | R uss ian troops driving westward FONDOUK "TEBESSA THILEPTE FERIANA SIOI BOU ZID METLAOUI S \ MARETH TMATA TOUJANE MEDININE MAKE TH UN£ » FOUM N GARDANE ALLIED THRUSTS ALLIED THREATS British Capture I7OO Prisoners, Break Axis Line ~® Allies Kill 700 Japs in Push on New Guinea Allied Headquarters in Australia, March 23 —(/P)— The entire Mam- bare river valley area on the northeast coast of New Guinea 40 miles north of Buna and within 100 miles of the important Japanese base at Salamaua is in the control of Allied ground troops after a' stead infiltration which has cost the enemy at least 700 dead and over 100 prisoners, Allied headquarters announced today. Many other Japanese are believed to have lost their lives of starvation and disasc, the com- munique said, in the American push through the swampy river valleys of the Ambasi, Kumusi and Opi, which were cleared of enemy troops during the current advance. Allied bombers and fighters continued, meanwhile to pound at Jap- Today's war telemap shows how the British and the Americans may close in on Rommel's forces in the Tunisia trap. m- thc heavy German tanks. The Soviet guns have been flicting similar punishment on tracks parrying troops into Ihe Belgorod sector, bul advices from Ihe front indicated the Germans were bringing up reserves for heavier assaults from Belgorod down through thc Donels elbow. Nowhere along thc line, however, was there any indication that thc Red Army defense was weakening. Thc Russians were holding, too, north of Zhizdra, above Bryansk, where violent German attacks were reported thrown back again and again with losses of upwards of 6,000 men in the last five cnys —without any hint of German sue- The invaders' activity in this sec. Governor Adkins should send- those kids back lo school with a lecture on what to think about while a war is on. G. Viereck Indicted As Enemy Agent Washington, March 23 (/I 1 ) —George Sylvester Viereck of New York, a German propagandist, was indicted today on six counts charging violation of the foreign agent registration act, specifically that he failed to disclose that he Certified as an activily conlribul- j W11S . acti »8 for thc N;lzi f ° roi «n of - ifng lo Ihe war effort under Occu- Cl . (!tl '» thls country, palional Bulletin No. 27," the instructions said. "Had he been rcclassificd from 3-A to 3-B in the first instance, as he should have been, he would not [j'uivc been called for induction for sumo lime lo come." There is an exception from thc ruling that any man with deponents in an essential activity should be in 3-B, and this is men whose f jobs were listed February 2 -as "nondcferrablc" regardless of dependents. Elevator operation for Viereck recently was freed from Ihe District of Columbia jail after serving a year on a previous conviction of violating the foricgn agents act when the supreme court ordered a retrial on thc ground of an error in the judge's instructions to the jury. Attorney General Biddle announced the new indictment and it was indicated at Ihc justice department that the step was taken to eliminate any possible weaknesses which might be encountered in a example are nondcfcrable retrial on the old charge. Men who are individually essen- | George McNulty, chief of the liiil go into Class 2 — it's 2-A if u u en property unit in the war di- j their activity is considered essen- Iflial to support of the war effort. I and 2-B if their activity is rated essential tn war production. As to men in Class 3-A and those in Class 3-B, thc order of call, according to General Hershey, is as .follows: "1. Siir-'lr men who have collateral dependents but who are not en- | gaged in an essential activity (Class 3-A'. "2. Single men who have collateral dependents and who are engaged |in an essential activity (Class 3-B). j "3. Men with wives only, and who are not engaged in an es- from several bases. (The German high command communique broadcast today by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press referred to this sector and said German troops finally had frustrated a Soviet offensive started in January and aimed at culling off Ihe Orel area from other Nazi - held portions of western Russia. (In thc course of this cighl weeks' offensive, thc German broadcast claimed lhat Ihe Russians losl 10,594 captured and 150,000 killed, and that 1,061 tanks and 485 guns were captured or destroyed by the Germans. (In addition, thc German com- munique reported Nazi forces continuing to gain west of Kursk and repulsing Soviet atlacks soulh of Lake Ladoga, bul it made no reference to the Smolensk salient whore Hie Russians have reported recent successes). Indicative of Ihe facl that the Russians are poised southeast of Smolensk lo develop another salient was a Ta'ss dispatch yesterday which slated that "in thc daytime, in the direction of Dorogobuzh, one can observe columns of smoke, and al night, flames are seen on the horizon. Thc Germans sel fire to the villages." Minister Held for Shooting Husband, Wife New Orleans, March 23 — (/P)— A 50-year-old Episcopal rector, slabbed in Ihe abdomen, was held under police guard at a hospital today after admitting, City Detcr- vc Charles Mellon said, that he shot and wounded his former secretary and her husband. The officer said the Rev. Charles Monroe, for IB years rector of St. Paul's Episcopal church here, was stabbed yesterday by John Mc- Bridc, 38, who objected when the minister kept on sending pay checks to his wife, who had resigned as the rector's secretary. The Rev. Monroe, the deteclivc said, admiltcd shooting the couple with a pistol but claimed Mrs. McBride, 38, was hit accidentally. The minister, a widower, also was quoted as saying lhat McBride had threatened earlier in the day by Burks Dies for Rice Field Slaying Lake Charles, La., March 23 — W)—Horace Finnon Burks, co-slayer of a Texas salesman in Ihe St. Valentine's day, 1940, rice field murder here, was electrocuted lo- day at 12:1!) p. m. in the stale's portable electric chair. The 27-year-old Arkansan died calmly in the same chair in which his accomplice, Annie Beatrice (Toni Jo) Henry paid with her life last Nov. 28 after her third trial. The execution was in charge of Dr. E L. Clements, Calcasieu parish coroner who was sworn in yesterday as acting sheriff in place of the late Sherisf Henry A. Reid who died Sunday night. Galloway was shot and killed after he had picked up the couple hitchhiking from Texas to Lake Charles. Mrs. Henry, shortly before her death signed a statement or to bathe and shave himself for the execution. telephone to kill him, Mrs. McBride • lhat she fired the falal bullet, and her son, Peter, 13. Assistant District Attorney Henry J. Voss and police detectives, who look statements from the victims, gave Ibis further account: Mrs. McBride was employed by the Rev. Monroe as his secretary when she separated from her husband after he jonicd the Merchant Marina. When lie returned recently they were reconciled. Mrs. McBride quit the job, but kept receiving checks, she declared, which her husband, now employed in a shipyard, resented. Thc Rev. Monroe said he had gone to Mrs. McBride's home to warn her of the telephone threat when McBride entered by a side door. As Mrs. McBride ran to meet him, the minister opened fire, hit- McBridc twice and thc wife Government to Stand Firm in UMW Dispute By JOSEPH A. LOFTUS Washington, March 23 — (fl 5 ) — President John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers had dual notice from the government today thai il contemplates no retreat on the wage stabilization front. While the War Labor Board was announcing its rejection of a labor petition to lift the 15 per cent cost- of - living allowance, President Roosevelt backed up the board with messages to Lewis and the coal operators that their dispute "must be settled like an other dispute." The president's statement put a damper on speculation that the government might yield to Lews at least to the extent of appointing a special agency to hear his case. Lewis has been lambasting WLB Chairnan William H. Davis and has implied he would not submit the miners' demands lo that agency on the ground Davis prejudged the case. At a press conference following the WLB's vole lo retain the "Lil- New Britain, giving .particular attention to Gasmata, on the south coast of the latter island. The Gasmala base was hit with 2,000 : pound bombs dropped on the runway of the airfield which started large fires, and then was heavily strafed by long fighters, with heavy damage to buildings and installations, the bulletin said. Though Salamaua itself escaped Allied air attention yesterday,..several other Japanese bases along the New Guinea northeast coast were hit. An Allied heavy unit machine- gunned the town of Lae, another bombed the runway of the airfield at Finschafen, 65 miles to the northwest, while still another group shot up the town of Madang 160 miles north of Sslamaua. Three Japanese bombers slruck back with a raid on the Allied base at Milne Bay, on the southern tip of New Guinea, causing two casualties but no other damage, the communique said. By EDWARD KENNEDY, Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 23 — (/P) — American armored forces have captured Ma- knassy in a slash toward the sea to cut Axis communcations, an Allied headquarters communique announced today, and field reports said parts of the British Eighth Army had swept in a wide arc around the Mareth line and were now many miles inside it. While the Americans, under; " Lieut. Gen. George S. Patlon, Jr., stabbed to within less than 34 miles of the Gulf of Gabes, continuing east past Maknassy, other forces of Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's Eighth Army swung a mighty frontal blow at Marshal Erwin Rommel's Mareth line. The communique said the operations there were going ahead on schedule despite a bitter ..contest being put up by Axis forces which yesterday attempted a powerful counterattack. This was repulsed. The announcement said 1,700 Axis prisoners were captured in this operation by midday yesterday. The force which swung in a sweeping movement around the southwestern flank of the Mareth line now faced a strong German concentration of tanks and artillery at El Hamma, 20 miles directly west oof Gabes. Allied air forces yesterday smashed fiercely at this concentration, ihe communique announcing that at least 32 enemy tanks were hit and at least nine of them destroyed. • . . . All indications were that the Germans would make IdrV'tor.' ored column from reaching the coast and this morning there were 1 all the signs of a big counterattack; s would make a desperate r ef- tff-prevenf"Geri.~'Pa'tloh's'torm- Burks are heartily last night and tlc stcer wngo f OI . mu ] ;ii Dav j s told was granted permission by the jail- reporters thai enactment of farm vision and formerly head of the criminal division trial section, will be in charge of the case. McNulty thus .succeeds William Power Maloney, now chief of the trial section whose conduct, of the previous trial was sharply criticized in the supreme Court decision which remanded Ihe case to district court. Man Found Dead in Hotel at Warren sential activity. (Class 3-AK "4. Men with wives only but who | are engaged in an essential act- i'lvily. (Class 3-B'. "5. Men \viin wives and children |or children :ilunc, but who are engaged in an essential act- Monticello, March 23 — (A'j— Carl Hankins, about 35, Warren, was found dead in his smoke-filled room in a notcl here today. Authorities said he apparently had gone to sleep while smoking and a cigarette had ignited his mattress. j His body was discovered when occupants of the floor above his Yanks Twice Raid Jap Base at Kiska Washington, March 23 — (/P) — The navy report today that Army bombers raided the Japanese base :it Kiska in the Aleulians Iwice Sun- clay starting a large fire. Communique no. 321 siad: "North Pacilic: "1. On March 21sl. two groups I I once. The wounded man slabbed thc minister in Ihe abdomen with his pocket knife and fled, Ihc Rev. Monroe firing three more bullets. Hit five times, McBride fled the house and later was carried to a hospital with his wife. Their wounds were not believed dangerous. Mrs. McBride's sister, Mrs. ' Chester Ford, witnessed the shooting and said the two women had tried to get the pistol from the clergyman before McBride arrived. Victims of Plane Crash Identified Little Ruck, March 23 — i,Pi — Army air force authuriies legislation providing any "radical change in the price of food" might require an upward adjustment of wages. Mr. Rooscvlct requesled continued production of coal after March 31, when the present contract expires, with the understanding thai if the new agreement includes any wage adjustments they would be applied retroactively from April 1. He added significantly: "If any wage adjustments are made they of army liberator heavy bombers nou nced today that the two men (Consolidated B - 24) and Milchel medium bombers, (North American iB-?5) with fighter escorts, attacked Japanese positions al Kiska. Excepl for one large fire, results j were not obseived." The Sunday raids raised lo 21 Ihe ! total number of American air at- j tacks on Kiska so far rcporttd this month. National youth committees arc who were killed in a trainer plane crash yesterday at nearby Wrightsville had been identified as Staff Sets. John W. Coloman, 022 Tus- calousa Avc., Birmingham, Ala., and Joseph H. Cunzich, 320 Crest St., Creirton, Pa. Coleman was 22 and Cunzich was 25. They were attached to Adams field here. Witnesses reported thai the plane went into u uiil spin several him- Asks Adkins Veto On All Budget Bills Little Rock, March 23 (/l>)De- fonding policies of thc Senate economy bloc of which he was a leader put asserting its savings of $350,000 in biennial appropriations "barely scratched the surface," veteran Sen. Ro Milyum, Harrison, called on Governor Adkins today lo veto all thc 1943-45 budget bills and call a special session in June. If such action is not taken "for the purpose of cutting the cloth of state expenditures to fit thc pattern of declining revenues," Milum said Adkins would be "compelled lo call a special session at some later date to gouge more money from thc state's taxpayers to prevent a breakdown of essential services and functions." "I am convinced lhat amounts authorized in the present appropriations can be reduced by at Icasl c H $3,000,000 for the beinmum without I cd Mrs j JD Beauchamp. El Do- impairing the efficiency of any cs- , ,. ac ) O) ;u ,d Mrs. Maude Harrison, sential state service," he said in a i Forl Srnit h. Wils appointed by Miss prepared statement released last night. "I content this saving should bo made and further insist that the lime has come when we musl place a definite ceiling on Ihe upward trend of slate spending in order lo preserve the financial integrity of the state and the welfare of ils U.S., RAF Air Bombers Strike Nazi Sub Base London, March 23 —(/P)— Squadrons of theiRAF's big bombers smashed at Ihe German submarine base al St. Nazaire last night in the wake of a heavy assault on Wilhelm shaven by American Flying Forl- resses and Liberators yesterday afternoon. Brilish Whirlwind fighter - bombers also blasted railway largets in Brittany during thc night's operations, which cost thc loss of one planes, an air ministry communi- que said. The assaults on St. Nazaire and Wilhelmshaven represented a resumption of Ihc Allied air offensive against the nests from which Nazi impending in this sector. Patton's column which had branched off from Gafsa to El Guetar was now moving along on the southerly road into Maknassy and toward Mezzouna. The Eighth Army units which launched the coastal attack ajong a six-mile front had now fought their way across the Wadi Zigzaou northeast of Mareth and through, a complicated trench system supported by cross fire from machine-gun posts which had been prepared to reinforce the Mareth line. (Morocco radio broadcast recorded in London at mid-day said Montgomery had driven a wedge into the "best defended part" of the Mareth line, and described the assault on the line as the most concentrated ever witnessed" with "Allied air forces, tanks and self- propelled guns pounding the German positions without respite." (Another broadcast from Algiers by CBS, reported in London, said a wide, outflanking march of 100 must, of course, be made in ac- j under-water raiders have been " striking at vital united nations supply lines. St. Nazaire has been a repeated target of atlacks not only by the RAF but by the United States Air Forces. Thc last big raid on the base was carried out by thc RAF on thc night of Feb. 28, when more than 1,000 tons of bombs were unloaded on the U-boat pens. The assault on Wilhelmshaven was described as one of Ihc heaviest and most accurate yet de- cordancc with the acl of October 2, 1942, and executive order No. 9250." Thc act of Oclober 2 directed thc president to issue an executive order lo stabilize wages and living costs as of September 15 "so far as practicable." This policy was sat forth in executive order No. 9250 early in October. The WLB's 8 to 4 rejection of a motion to boost the 15 per cent ceiling of the Little Slccl" formula set Ihc stage for a showdown on 1'vcrcd by thc American fliers who the demand of the miners for $2 a day increase. Social Workers financed by the Brilsh govern- I dred feel up and dived to earth with nient to oversee thc welfare of such iorce the motor was driven n Pa"C Three) room cumijlamed of smoke. jyouna people between 14 and 18. through the instrument board. had attacked the big German Naval base twice before. It was directed at shipping installations in a largcl area only a few hundred feet in diameter. Three bombers failed lo return. (A German radio broadcast, heard by the Associated Press, claimed that seven bombers were shot down in the raid on Wilhelmshaven. H said that "in particular j Ruth Beall, president, today to rec- j the population suffered losses and 'ummend a slate of officers for thc ! damage was caused to buildings.") Arkansas Association of Social Little Rock, Mjirch 23 (/!')— A nominating committee that includ- cilizcns. For that reason 1 am asking tliHt the chief executive. . . call a special session in June to avoid the financial crisis toward which we are heading." — - -^r *-«•*• Actors in ancient Greek tragedies wort- high soles to give them added height. "The ivsults were good," u com- Work at its annual conference here • mi'iiiqut: slalcd tersely. April 27-29. Kroger Store Burns Clarendon. March 23 — i/P>— Fire originating shortly before last midnight deslroyed thc Kroger Grocery and Baking company store and did smaller damage to an adjoining grocery store owned by W. T. Brtwn. An estimate of the damage was not available immediately. German planes visited a north- cast English area and dropped i heavy bombs late last night. it was reported, and flew through heavy British anti - aircraft fire lo drop incendiary bombs elsewhere in Ihe northeast and coastal districts. Some casualties and damage were acknowledged and one raider was reported shot down. -«"-S>*»~ — In China, family names precede given names, so thai one might be called "Smith John." (Continued on Page Three) Frat Members March on the State Capitol Little Rock, March 23 — (IP)— Ap- roximately 45 high school students staged a "march on the capitol" today in an effort to persuade Gov. Homer M. Adkins to sign a bill passed by the 1943 legislature to permit thtm to wear fraternity pins. When the governor failed to show up at his office by classtime, Ihe group disbanded bul a few of the leaders remained behind.in an effort l.o arrange a conference with. Adkins after close of school this afternoon. The measure, passed without much debate during the closing days of the session, would make I unlawful for any teacher or pubic school official to punish or discriminate against any student wearing a fraternity badge. The governor's office reported numerous school officials and teachers had asked Ihe governor to veto the measure on grounds that the bill in elfcct would repeal a 1929 luw barring public school fraternities. A spokesman snid the group was representing "about 600 fraternity and sorority members in Littlp Rock high school and aboul 10,000 members of high school fraternities over the stale." "We feel that we are as much entitled to wear our fraternity pins as the members of alhlelic*organi- zations and honor socielies lhat are affiliated with the school," the sponkosman said. "We are not risking that we be affiliated with the school but we do ask that we recicve the same privilege of wcannjj our pins."
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