Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 24, 1974 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Saturday, August 24, 1974
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The Editor soys: .... The tragedy of Man: He starts off with a Country- -and winds up with a Government! Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Apology for Bad' Print on View of Holiday Inn One of the unpredictable things about the newspaper business occurred Friday on the press run of the special section for the Holiday Inn. A blanket on one of the press units gave way without warning, causing white blotches on the 8-column picture of the inn. None of the other pages or pictures were affected. The Star's pressroom had no choice but to proceed with the faulty run. To have stopped the run and changed blankets or switched units would have meant hours' delay — and prompt delivery of the newspaper to carriers, dealers, and vending machines is the No. 1 rule of our business. The defective blanket will be replaced over the week-end and the damaged picture of the Holiday Inn will be rerun from the same negative Monday, Aug. 26. Our position in this matter is identical with that of a motorist having a flat with an apparently good tire. Greece is Hope Member of the Associated Press YQL.75 No. 267—6 Pages Newspaper Enterprise AssX Colorado's first black mayor outlines goals Hempstead Cbunfy- Bowie Knife Star Av. net paid circulation 3 months ending March 31,1974—4,080 SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1974 As filed with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject to audit. PUICE 10c rejecting peace talks By The Associated Press Greece has rejected further talks with Turkey and Britain about Cyprus, and the Greek Cypriot president has ,warned of guerrilla warfare against the Turkish invasion forces. Greek Foreign Minister George Mavros said he is notifying the British ambassador to Athens today that Greece will not attend any further three- power talks in Geneva. Rather, Mavros said, Greece will back a Soviet proposal that • the question of Cyprus go before an IB-nation conference — the 15 members of the United Nations Security Council plus Greece, Turkey and the Cypriot government. There has been no Turkish reaction to the proposal Moscow made Thursday and Soviet U.N. Ambassador Jacob Malik backed up Friday by consulting in New York with other Security Council members. Western diplomats at U.N. headquarters generally dismissed it as a propaganda ploy, and Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger said Washington is studying the plan. Mavros rejected a return to Geneva on Friday after conferring with Greek Premier Constantine Caramanlis, Defense Minister Evanghelos Averoff- Tositsas and Cypriot President Glafcos derides. "There's no point going to Geneva merely to sign what has been taken by force," Cle- rides said after the meeting in Athens. Peace talks in Geneva among the Greek, Turkish and British foreign ministers broke down Aug. 13. Turkish forces immediately launched a lightning attack from their invasion beachhead and within days controlled the northern 40 per cent of the island. U.NM Secretary General Kurt Waldheim said over Austrian radio Friday that the collapse of Greek-Turkish efforts to settle the Cyprus crisis meant the U.N. would become "actively involved." He did not pass judgment on the feasibility of the Soviet proposal, saying "everything is open." Waldheim arrives in Cyprus today for meetings with Cle- rides and Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktashm Meanwhile, the lot of Greek Cypr*ot refugees on Cyprus deteriorated as food reserves dwindled in the Greek-controlled zone. Senior U.N. officers also reported that Turkish troops were using increased pressure to force U.N. troops out of north- em Cyprus. They said some Turks had threatened U.N. soldiers with guns and tanks. FAIRPLAY, Colom (AP) — The first elected black mayor in Colorado's history says her biggest challenge is to get the streets paved in this tiny mountain town, founded a century ago by gold miners. "You can't imagine how many shoes you wear out just walking across the streets," said Ada Evans. An eight-year resident, Mrs. Evans and her family are the only blacks among the population of 500, many of whom work for the county or state governments. She won a three-way race for the unsalaried job last April. She said she figured that even though she had attended only one town meeting previously, "if I did win, I'd work to improve things here." Among her goals, in addition to getting the dusty streets paved, are planning for limited growth, attracting some light industry, possibly lannexing some nearby acreage and adding recreational facilities. But money is the major stumbling block. "With the economy the way it is, I don't see increasing taxes or putting on any new ones. I know my own personal budget can't take it," she says. She says she's seeking federal revenue-sharing and other money. And for her own office in city hall, she'd like to do a little painting and renovating "and see about getting some grass out here in front instead of this gravel." Gravel is one item Fairplay has plenty of. Tucked in a valley about 60 miles southwest of Denver, Fairplay nestles about a half- mile below the 14,000-foot peaks of the Rocky Mountains. It was founded a few summers after gold was discovered nine miles to the west in 1862. Now it's the seat of Park County and the site of a restored ghost town. Mrs. Evans says just because it's tiny doesn't mean the town is insignificant. "It angers me when people put Fairplay down because it isn't big," she said. "I think that people think that just because a town isn't big it isn't worthwhile, and they want to know what's wrong with you because you live there. Fairplay is very worthwhile." The mayor, her husband, Ray, and their daughters, Cheri, 13,- and Rachelle, 11, moved here after Evans took a job as music teacher in the school system. The Evans enjoy the slow- paced life of Fairplay. Both Mrs. Evans and her husband were raised in small Southern towns and have lived in large cities. "Los Angeles was miserable," the mayor recalls. Wage-cost council is officially revived Bishops note decline of religious influence NEW YORK (AP) - Religious faith today is engaged in a head-on conflict in America with a "secularistic, humanistic world view" which rejects tran- scendant beliefs and absolute moral values, say U.S. Roman Catholic bishops. In a review of current trends in this country, they add that the key question now is whether church members still get their "fundamental beliefs and attitudes" from Christianity or from surrounding secular values of society. General indications now are that "for a large number of Catholics, the influence of secular society — and all that implies for good as well as ill — counts more heavily than the influence of the Church," the bishops say. They summed up their views of tendencies in this country in a paper prepared for the international Synod of Bishops, which meets at the Vatican in Rome beginning Sept. 27. While some bishops optimistically see the current uncertai- nities about basic values as the birth pangs of a more conscientious purposefulness, the report says, others say the situation "reflects decadence and portends collapse." Whatever the case, "it is generally recognized that the positive influence of organized religion on public policy and public morality has declined sharply in the United States in recent years," the bishops say. Historically, the document notes, American Catholics until recent years "lived in a certain isolation from attitudes and values which prevailed in the larger society," emphasizing distinctive beliefs and practices. The bishops say the situation now points up the central issue of whether Church members are to take their basic guidance from the Church or secular society. Their tendency to accept society's dominant attitudes "appears in data indicating that many Catholics are tolerant of abortion, at least in some circumstances," reject official Church teachings against contraception and have a divorce rate almost matching that of other Americans, the bishops say. Nevertheless, for some Catholics, religious beliefs still hold "a position of centrality," the bishops say. They observe that since present changes came on so speedily new changes in direction may come equally fast. "Many observers feel that a profound spiritual renewal is now taking place among many American Catholics," the report says, citing a variety of newly developing centers and movements of spirituality. "American Catholicism is changing, not collapsing," the bishops conclude. "And while a period of change is not a tune for complacency, neither is it a time for gloom." Tower opposed to any amnesty MEMPHIS, Term. (AP) Sen. John Tower, R-Tex., said Friday night he is unalterably opposed to any form of amnesty and, as far as he was concerned, draft evaders could "go to hell." Tower, addressing a fund raising dinner for freshman Rep. Robin Beard, R-Tenn., refused to speculate on President Ford's motive in proposing conditional amnesty. After the President proposed consideration of limited amnesty to the VFW, Tower said, "I watched the NBC Today Show the next morning and saw those creeps moralizing on how they would consider nothing less than unconditional amnesty. Beard, who said he also is flatly opposed to amnesty, said he did not understand the President's proposal for special reviewing boards to give case-by- case consideration to men who fled the country rather than serve in the Vietnam War. SIGN OF THE TIMES is this demonstration held in New York where parents of homosexual activists joined their sons on the picket lines to protest discrimination against gay rights groups. Fall cotton stocks may be tighter WASHINGTON (AP) - Cotton stocks may be tight this fall, the Agriculture Department says. Its new situation report shows beginning stocks, production and especially de- ' mand all down for the 1974-75 cotton year. Total supply was placed at about 16.3 million bales in the report issued Thursday by the Outlook and Situation Board. The total is down slightly from last season's 17.2 million. Based on estimates Aug. 1, at the start of the season, the crop should total about 12.75 million bales, sliglnly below the year before, but about 1 million bales above the average of the last five years. Wet weather in the northern Mississippi River Delta and severe drought on the Texas High Plains cut into the crop prospects, the board said. About 2.8 million of the 3.5 million bales carried over three weeks ago have already been sold for export, the board said, leaving only 2.7 million for domestic mills until the new crop is available in significant quantity. Sluggish demand both in this country and abroad should mean less cotton use in the coming year than in 1973-74, when it was the greatest in seven years. Most of the drop is expected in export sales, however, with domestic mill consumption expected to remain in the 7 million to 7.5 million range. Exports last season were about 6.2 million bales and are expected to drop to between 4.75 million and 5.25 million bales, the board said. Large inventories abroad and larger new foreign supplies are the cause, it said. The carryover from 1972-73 was 4.1 million bales. In the fields, the report continued, almost 10 per cent of the cotton plantings have been abandoned. The 14.25 million acres planted already were 5 per cent below March intentions. That leaves 13 million acres for harvest, 9 per cent above last season. Yields are also down by 49 pounds an acre to an indicated national average of 470 pounds, the board said. ADMONISLHING the . Department of Defense that the U.S. Navy has lost control of the seas to the Russian Navy, Admiral Elmo Zumwalt urged naval authorities to expand and update its ships or face a Soviet confrontation from a weaker position. WEATHER By The Associated Press Partly cloudy and warm weather should continue to dominate the Arkansas weather map along with scattered mainly afternoon and early evening thundershowers. The National Weather Service said today that hazy conditions were expected to continue in Arkansas. The NWS said the air mass over the state was stagnant with winds too light to move out of the polluting material. A near stationary front was cutting across North Arkansas from about Jonesboro to Fort Smith this morning. The front was weak and should dissipate today and tonight. The Arkansas forecast calls for lows tonight to range from the upper 60s to the lower 70s. Extended Ark. Outlook The extended Arkansas outlook for Monday through Wednesday calls for a chance of showers in the northwest Wednesday. Otherwise, little or no precipitation is expected during this period. Temperatures should average near normal. Highs should be in the lower 90s. CLOUDY Ant swarm eating away at Sequoias SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK, Calif. (AP) — Vast numbers of carppnter ants may be toppling the oldest and largest living things on earth, the giant Sequoias. Twenty of the towering monarchs of the forest have tumbled in the past six years. In 1969, a 60-year-old woman was killed when a tree fell on her as she ate breakfast at a picnic table here. Last December, a 36-foot limb fell from the General Sherman Tree, largest of the Sequoias, which towers 272 feet above the forest floor .and is 36.5 feet in diameter. In almost every case, the fallen giants were teeming with carpenter ants. In an effort to determine exactly what is felling the trees native to the southern Sierra Nevada, the National Park Service has hired myrmecolog- ist Charles David, one of only about two dozen ant experts in the world. And for three summers, David, 26, has spent his nights in the groves of giant trees, spying on columns of the nocturnal insects trooping in and out of Sequoia trunks and branches. Armed with a flashlight covered in red paper to avoid disturbing the ants, David has "counted as many as 200 ants going by in a minute's time" in columns two to three inches wide. "The ants have a mean bite," he said. "They draw blood at times, and they spray an acid that causes blisters on my fingers." David said the half-inch-long ants, the largest found in California, do not actually eat the Sequoias. "They merely hollow out the trees for nesting," he said. The ants may not be entirely responsible for felling the giant Sequoias. John R. Parmeter, 46, a plant pathologist at the University of California at Berkeley, says three-fourths of the fallen trees had extreme fungus decay in the roots in addition to being infested with carpenter ants. "Both carpenter ants and decay may have been going on for a long time," he said. And a study by Jack Hickey, 55, a seasonal ranger, indicates people may be partly to blame for the increasing numbers of ants in certain trees. By JANET STA1HAR Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) — President Ford officially revives the Cost of Living Council today to monitor wages and prices, but remains unalterably opposed to controls for fighting inflation. The President arranged a late morning session in the Cabinet Room to sign the Council on Wage and Price Stability Act which won congressional passage within two weeks of Ford's request. The new task force is to expose abuses in wages and prices. But unlike the original council established in 1971 by former President Nixon, it cannot impose ceilings. The council will gather information on causes of inflation, and will "jawbone" — or try to persuade — unions and businesses to take no action that would fuel spiraling costs. The bill sets up a staff of about 25 at a cost of $1 million. The council will include Roy L. Ash, director of the Office of Management and Budget, and Kenneth Rush, presidential economic counselor. Representatives of 11 million elderly Americans told Ford in a face-to-face meeting in the White House on Friday that inflation is the "No. 1 terror for older people." Spreading Ford's warning. that inflation is Public Enemy No. 1, Ash told a Wall Street luncheon in New York the new administration would "cool the fevers of inflation even if it generates more unemployment than we'd like." On a day that the stock market tumbled to a four-year low, Ash emphasized Ford's determination to avoid wage-price controls or even stand-by authority for their reproduction. Presidential press Secretary Jerald F. terHorst also repeated that Ford is "unalterably opposed" to controls. Executive Director Jack Os- sofsky, 49, of the National Council on Aging quoted Ford as saying that he is reviewing problems of the nation's aged. He said Ford pledged to include a representative of the elderly at the economic summit conference slated for late next month. Mrs. Mary Mullen, 74, of Laguna Beach, Calif., president of the National Association of Retired Teachers, said Ford "seemed sincere in making every effort to try to solve some of .the problems" of senior citizens, and promised to keep his door open to them. The delegation of elderly Americans jokingly presented Ford, 61, with a gold-encased magnifying glass. Coincidentally, less than an hour later, the near-sighted President was measured for contact lenses. In other developments Friday: —Ford told Syrian Foreign Minister Abel Halim Khaddam that he hopes to strengthen diplomatic ties between the two nations and raised the possi- Miss your paper? City Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper. A great time for clock collectors CHICAGO (AP) - This is a great time for clock collectors. They are ticking off the dollars. Bernard J. Edwards, president of the Chicago chapter of the National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, says clocks are a better investment nowadays than the hottest stocks. But you've got to find the right ones. "Several years ago you could buy old alarm clocks for 50 cents or $1 but now they are going for $15 to $20," says Edwards, whose travels in the outdoor advertising business give him occasional time for clock hunting in antique shops. "Alarm clocks made from 1912 to the 1930s and early 1940s are coming up fast in the clock derby," said Edwards, a collector for 15 years. "Anyone who was in the service during World War II probably will remember the alarm clocks that had 'war alarm' printed on the face. There were millions of them, but most were lost or thrown away. They are worth ?22 to $25 now." Double-dial calendar clocks and railroad clocks are in demand now while a few years ago school clocks were a big thing, Edwards said. Before that, gingerbread mantel clocks were popular "Alarm clocks are the big comers," he said. "There art- fashions and fads in clocks just as there are in other kinds of collecting." Edwards's personal collection includes 100 clocks and 50 watches. His prize is an early American mahogany clock three feet tall that he bought for $400 at an antique shop two years ago. "It's of museum quality—a genuine Aaron Willard with Paul Revere engraving," he said "I value it at $3,500 to- day." In today's changing market an amateur can get burned, Edwards warns. "Take a good look at the movements," he advises. "Old clocks, being handmade, have movements rather on the crude side. New ones look new, they are probably stamped out. The plates are thin and are usually riveted instead of screwed." bility of U.S. economic assistance to the Arab nation. —Ford told the farm family of the year, Mr. and Mrs. Julian Fowler, who live near Fairbanks, that he hoped to visit Alaska before the end of the year. The presidential trip would presumably be part of a previously announced journey to Japan. Food cost increase predicted WASHINGTON (AP) — A load of groceries that cost $17.24 two years ago probably will cost $23 or more by the end of the year, Agriculture Department economists are saying. By last month, one index showed, the hypothetical batch of groceries already cost $22.58, That unpleasant note for food-buyers came on Friday when official predictions of the final 1974 average food prices were revised upward, to about 15 per cent above the 1973 average. Last year's increase in the retail average, the highest since World War II, was 14.5 per cent. For the last nine months, the department had been predicting a 1974 rise, of "probably 12 per cent" in the average, with most of the boost coming before June. Friday's new analysis by the Outlook and Situation Board, based on mid-August supply, demand and price assessments, gave a range of 13 to 17 per cent for the year. The report said that instead of remaining steady during the third quarter and declining slightly in the fall, prices for major farm goods hit by unfavorable weather over much of the nation "are now expected to rise about 3 per cent during the third quarter and a little more in the fourth quarter." The key to the range is the weather, from the heavy spring rains to the Midwest's midsummer drought. The retail price hikes will be closer to 17 per cent if crop production falls much more or if demand from consumers, livestock feeders or exporters increases. The department also released Friday its July figures for the Economic Research Service marketbasket survey, showing the first rise in prices paid to farmers and the first drop in retailers' and wholesalers' share of the grocery shopper's dollar since February. It worked out to a 0.3 per cent decline in July in the retail value of a year's market- basket of 61 U.S. farm-produced foods bought by a hypothetical urban wage-earning family of 1.2 persons. The new annual cost of $1,726 for that marketbasket still was 12.9 per cent higher than midsummer 1973. The farmers' share was 2.6 per cent below a year ago and 3.8 per cent more than in June. The share representing the costs and profits of processors, wholesalers and retailers fell 3 per cent from June's market- basket but still was 26.7 per cent larger than July 1973, School schedule Hope public schools will follow a short schedule next week. School will begin at the regular time in the morning and will dismiss at 1:30 daily. A regular schedule will be followed after Labor Day. The Washington School District also will continue to operate on a short schedule. Full day classes will start Tuesday, Sept. 3.

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