Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 22, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 134 Stor of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolldoted January 18, 1929. Star HOPE, ARKANSAS MONDAY, MARCH 22, 1943 The Weather Arkansas: Warmer in west, not quite so cold in east portion tonight. (AP)—Means Associated Press .NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Americans Crack Axis Line Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by Tho Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Churchill's Speech Around the Town If you were at home at 3 o'clock Sunday afternoon the .chances are you turned on your radio and heard Prime Minister vVinston Churchill's report to the British empire. House Prepares to Take Up Tax Plan, Fight Seen By FRANCIS M. LE MAY Washington, March 22 — (/I 1 ) — Democratic leaders begun today a ,..formal canvass of the parly's ' house membership designed to head off a potential coalition of a segment of Democrats with Republicans thai might spell House passage of the Ruml plan to skip , an entire tax year in pulling in* >l 3omc taxpayers on a pay-as-you- go basis. Rep. Ramspeek of Georgia, the Democratic whip, said many Democrats still have "an open mind" on the tax issue and some arc confused by the controversy over the Ruml plan and the administration tax collection bill, drawn by a majority of the House Ways and Means committee. The lax debate begins Thursday. H- Rep. Knutson (R-Minn.) -predicted 30 Democrats would join the Republicans lo pass the skpi-a- year proposal. He said he could find no more than six Republicans against, the Ruml plan, A coalition .«.of. ..dissident- Denvocrats- -with Ro•publicans has been in virtually complete charge of legislation on the House floor since the convening of Ihe 78lh congress. On Ihe other hand, Rep. Disney (F-Okla.) said "we will have more ^Republicans voting against the Ruml plan than Democrats for it." The House has 209 Republicans and 222 Democrats. High-light of Die 45-minute address, for me, was Churchill's declaration: 1. The war WILL NOT be over in 1043—possibility in 1944, but not necessarily then. 2. The climax of Ihc war will be Ihc clcfcal of Germany—the Allies will go on to crush Japan, but once Germany has collapsed the Allied armies will be partially demobilized and returned to pcacc-limc produc- lion. This, I say, was Ihc high-light of Ihe speech for me—for everyone reads inlo a public man's speech an emphasis on that part which coincides with his own view. I think most of us feel thai Ihc crushing of Germany will end the major work of American infantry, American-manned tanks and other land fighting units. The war with Japan is likely to shape up in its Many Flee As Floods Threaten Southern States By The Associated Press Ruin - gorged rivers slowly crept toward dangerous crests today in several southeastern stales, forced hundreds to evacuate their homes in low - lying areas, and threatened heavy property damage. The wide - spread flood threats in Alabama. Georgian, Louisiana and Mississippi cumc as a downward revision of expected crests eased fears along the Ohio river. Hundreds of residents of lowlands north of Hatlcisburg, Miss., were evacuated from their homes under Red Cross supervision last night as the Bouis river swept from its banks. Miss Pearl English, Red Cross official at Hatliesburg, said the organization was planning* lo house many hundreds of evacuees in public buildings there. Soldiers and Mississippi highway department workers lost a sandbay fight 10 keep open the highway north of Hallicsburg to Meridian, , muddy waters swept away sand- final chapter as a war of navies, j bags placed along highway edges plus American land and air equip- through the Houic and Leaf river Durovo, Near Smolensk, Is Taken by Reds Churchill Visions Post War Order in Radio Talk Washington, March 22 —(/P)—The tiRuml plan lo skip an income lax 4 year and the administration "no abatement" tax bill both were berated by Partisans as schemes to aid the wealthy today as the House prepared to open debate Thursday on the pay-as-you-go is- A Republican minority of the Ways and Means committee filed a report charging the Democralic majority's tax collection bill would put small taxpayers in a "strait^jacket" and called for enactment of the Ruml plan. The majority previously had excoriated the skip-a-year proposal as "like robbing Peter to pay a bonus to Paul." ^ In tile midst of the charges and counter charges — svarmups for the free-for-all tax bailie on the floor — Rep. Forand (D-Ri), Ways and Means member, wrote all House members he would offer a compromise to abate the greater Impart, but not all, of 1942 income tax obligations, and put virtually all taxpayers on a pay-as-you-go basis. This plan originally was presented by Rep. Robertson (D-Va.) and voted down in commitlee along f, with Ihc Ruml plan. The Republican minority's report referred lo provisions of the majority's bill as "stupid, misguided and unenlightened," and declared "the nybrid measure which the majority has finally concocted uf- £ ter many weeks of indecision is not even a substantial gesture lo- ward '.he adoplion of a pay-as-you- carn tax syslem." II further set forth: 1. "It seems obvious thai if lax- t payers rcsorl to cashing in their war oonds in order to get the advantage of the higher interest rate offered by the discount provisions of the committee bill, the whole bond program may be thrown into mcnt furnished to the Chinese and other nationals fighting for their own liberty. This, I say, has been the prevailing view of many Americans—and it is encouraging to hear the British leader endorse that view. Such endorsement gives us courage to take in stride his warning that the war has at loasl another year lo run—for he told us thai Germany's defeat will bo the real end of it, and that end is now in sight. * * * lowlands. Rescue parlies near Bogalusa, La., sought the body of B o y d Knight, 26, believed drowned when his boat capsized while he and a companion were rounding-up cattle in low swamps. Extensive flood damage threatened in Alabama as the Coosa, Alabama, Warrior, Tombigbee, Cahaba mid C o n e c u h rivers rose steadily above flood stage. The Montgomery, Ala., wealher bureau | warn?d residents to leave lowlands | along the Alabama, Tallapoosa and Down the Spring Hill road a piece j other Hooded streams in thai area. The Warrior river at- Ruscaloosa, Ala., was six feet past flood level last night and was expected to reach 13 or 14 feel by Wednesday. STOCK The Coosa river al Galsdcn, Ala., with a flood slagc of 20 feel, reached 19.5 feet Sunday. Several strcels were blocked by high water. Revise crest for the Ohio river were from three to four feet lower than original estimates, and river- men said damage probably would be small. More than 200 families were moved from their homes in the Covington - Dayton - Newport area, and more than 100 homes were evacuated in Louisville. somebody is pulling together a new farm. What makes il novel is a huge bill-board creeled by one of our fellow townsmen: "BUCK P O W E R S' RANCH." I asked Buck about it today. Said he: "Didn't you see what it sa'.cl above the sign?" "No," I replied, "What did it say?" Replied Buck: "U said: ATTENTION DRAFT BOARD." By EDDY GlLMORE ; Moscow. March 22 —(/P) — The Red Army has captured the railway lown of Durovo, 57, mlies casl of Smolensk on Ihe main line from Moscow, and Ihc Russian column driving southward toward the rail lino from Bcly has made new progress, Ihe Russians announced .odiiy as Ihc battle for the Donets river line southeast of Kharkov rcw in ferocity. Durovo was occupied by the. same Russian force .which broke through the German defenses at Vyazma to crack the Nazi salient so long pointed thrcaleningly at Moscow. The advance was made in the face of repeated German counterattacks that cost the Germans heavily in men and material, the mid-day communique said. The Russians on the march south of Bely seized two strongly fortified German positions, the com- munique said, and in one place moved in over the bodies of 275 Germans. Alter conceding the loss of Belgorod, 50 miles north of Kharkov, last night, the Russians reported today they were holding stubbornly east and southeast of the city in the area of Chuguev. The Germans have tried repeatedly to cross Ihc Donets river and continue their advance, but each time they have been thrown back by Ihe Red Army defenders, it was said. (The German high command communique, broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associated Press, said Russian atlcmpts to break through Ihe Nazi lines southwest of Vyazma and south of Lake Ladoga were frustrated yesterday. (Laying claim to having inflicted enormous casualties on the Russian forces, Ihc communique declared 270 armored cars had been deslroyod since March 18 in Ihe area soulhwosl of Vyazma alone. (A Finnish war communique broadcast from Berlin said that 30 enemy planes attacked Helsinki Sunday night. One child was injured but there was lilllc material damage, said the broadcast recorded by the Associated Press). A Pravda dispatch reporled several settlements in the Chuguev region were continuously changing hands as the Red Army stiffened ils rcsislancc and Ihe fighting increased in ferocity. Soviet artillery, Pravda said, has forced the Germans lo change their tank taclics. Large enemy tank forces arc now being broken up into small groups which operate simultaneously, searching for weak spols and Iry- ing lo disperse Ihe Soviel fire, the newspaper said. Soviet guns still are knocking out the German tanks, it was said, and Soviet cavalry is successfully pursuing enemy machine- gunners. Pravda reported that early thaws on the central front had greatly hindered the Russians in their cf- forls lo cross Ihe Upper Dnieper and dislodge Ihe Germans from their river strongholds. Nevertheless, the midnight communique said 12 more settlements on the f (Continued on Page Three) Toni Henry's Pol to Pay Penalty Today f Lake Charles, La., March 22 — W)—With hope of a stay of execution apparently gone, Horace Fin- noa Burks prepared today to die in the state'." portable electric chair here tomorrow for his part 4 , in the death of » Houston. Tex., * salesman on St. Valentine's day three years uyu. Governor Sain Jones said in Baton Rouge lust night that there appeared to be no reason to stay the execution. f Mrs. Annie Beatrice Toni Henry, companion of Burks when the salesman, J. p. Giilluwuy, was bhul to death in a frozen rice field near here, was electrocuted last November. Fayetteville Votes Tuesday on Liquor Fayellcvillo, March 22 — (/I 1 ) — Anti - saloon leaguers will make their first major bid under the new local option law here tomorrow when the city of Fayetteville voles on a return lo bone - dry prohibition. The league sponsored successful initiation of the easier local option law last November but the wets, in scattered wards, were the first to use it. One ward at Mena and two in Springdale have boled for continuation of legal liquor sales and manufacture and Springdale township, in which ure located several wineries, will also vote tomorrow. Springdale's action apparently forestalled an anti - saloon league attempt to bring Ihe liquor issue lo vole in a county - wide election. Fayetleville, home of Ihe league's slate board chairman, the Rev. Sam M. Yancey, will be the first large city to vote on the qucs- lion. There arc approximately 2,000 qualified voters here but many of them are in the armed services or working at war plants in other sections and a light vote was indicated. A number of local ministers have been actively campaigning for the dry side. Pope Pius Reported Confined to Bed Better Spread Butter Thin All This Week London, March 22 —(If)— Prime Minister Winston Churchill sketched for the world in a radio broadcast last night his vision of a post • war order where peace might eventually be kept by a European and an Asiatic council of free nations, but warned the Bril- I ish people of Ihc necessily of "keeping their ey6 oa the ball" low in a slruagle which might go on two years or more before Adolf Hitler is crushed inlo "death, dust and ashes." The speech, devoted chiefly lo Ihc problems of creating a peaceful world of tomorrow and a comprehensive "four-year plan" for improved social conditions in Britain, -. drew quick but mixed reactions today from the British press, some sections of which felt the prime minister had not gone far enough in his post - war thinking, while others stressed Ihe necessily of winning the war as the primary consideration at present. Churchill placed his government squarely on record as favoring a post-war syslcm of comprehensive social insurance "for all purposes from the cradle to Ihe grave", including heallh and unemployment benefits. He promised a social syslem free of snobbery, with equal opportun- ilies for all classes of cilizens, and added: "We cannot have a band of drones in -our midst, whether they come from ancienl arislocracy, or modern plutocracy or the ordinary type of pub-crawler." The post-war organization for peace which Churchill envisaged I,4OO Italians Taken in March lo Trap Rommel western bank of the river had been I was based on an agreement be- caplurcd. By The Associated Press Pope Pius X was reported today by the Berlin radio to be suffering from a severe cold and confined to bed vith a high fever, but the British radio, in a broadcast recorded by CBS, quoted a Rome announcement that he was only Washington, March 22 —Wj— Go easy on the butter, boys and girls, it's all you get this week. Retail sales were halted by the government last midnight and will not be resumed until rationing starts next Monday. Sales or margarine, lard and other edible fills, and oils which will go under point rationing along with meals and cheeses next week also were frozen for the same period. Restaurants are not affected by the order and may continue to obtain butler and the other foods from other wholesalers. Mayonnaise and other salad dressings arc nol rationed and hence are not included in the sales freeze. The Office of Price Administration said its sudden action WHS decided on bccuaso stocks now on hand are not large enough "lo support heavy public buying during the one week remaining before ra- | lioning." "The rclial sales freeze," said OPA, "docs not apply to any of the cheeses or meats involved in the new rationing plan and sales of these foods will continue as usual between now and March 29. Sales of canned fish and canned meal, which were frozen February lij, will continue to be suspended until rationing starts." The order was announced at 2 p. m. (Central War Time) yesterday, but many city dwellers who sought to beat it by rushing down to the j corner delicatessen found the butler department empty. "The one week freeze," said the announcement, "will allow storekeepers to obtain supplies so as to Roundup of Rationed Products (By The Associated Press) Meats,fats, oil, cheese canned fish Retail sales forbidden until March 29 on: butter, margarine, lard, rooking oils, salad oils, canned fish and canned meat. Rationing begins March 29 on these products plus hard cheeses and all types of pork, beef, lamb and mutton, with each person permitted to use 16 points a week from the red slumps of ration boqk No. 2. Fruits and Vegetables Beginning Thursday the D, E and F (April blue coupons of ration book No. 2 may be used lo purchase canned, frozen and drcicl fruits and vegetables, or soups. The A, B and C coupons remain valid through March 31. Sugar Coupons 12 in book No. 1 good for five pounds through Muy 31. Coffee Coupon 20 in book No. 1 good for one pound through April 25. Shoes Coupon 17 in book No. 1 good for one pair through June 15. Gasoline No. 5 "A" coupons valid through July 21 in the cast, where they arc good for three gallons each. Valid through May 21 ' elsewhere and good for four gallons each. Holders of "A" books must have tire inspection March 31. Jap Attack on Australia Seen by Army Chief By The Associated Press Australian Army Minister Francis Fordo declared loday Japan was more determined to attack Australia than ever before as the range of Gen. Douglas MacArthur's bombing attacks emphasized | British Eighth Army under Sir Bcr- tween th British commonwealth of nations, the'United States .and Soviet Russia, supplemented probably by regional federations of smaller nations in Europe, because "in Europe lie most of the causes which have led to these two world wars." The European council must "evenutally embrace the whole of Europe and all the main branches of the European family must be partnors in it," Churchill declared. Although military affairs were given a secondary place in the speech, Churchill packed a surprise "punch line" at the end —• a line not contained in his prepared text — when he revealed thai Ihe slightly indisposed and that his | be '" a position to make ration sales against red stamps from war ration book two on Monday morning, March 29." Wednesday, OPA will announce the point values for the articles in the new ration list — meat, cheese, canned fish, fats and oils. doctors "say there is no cause for anxiety." The report his holiness was confined to bed was contained in a Vatican City dispatch broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by th'i Associated Press. It said the Pope's audiences had been suspended lo guard against possible bronchial or lung complications. International control of Tangier, opposite Gibraltar, was es- lablisned by treaty ui 1911. Roman soldiers wore heavy hobnailed sandals during their campaigns. - •- -^»«-»---The common coldmyy originate in any portion of the upper respiratory Irani, U. S. Bombers Strike Enemy Supply Area Washington, March 22 — i/I'i — American dive bombers, raiding Munda on New Georgia island for the 98th time, struck a Japanese supply area and an enemy gun position, Ihe Navy announced today in a communique which told also of bombing raids on Vila and Kahili. The Navy's communique No. 320: j "South Pacific: (all dates are east longitude.) "1. On March 'Jllsl: "(A> During the afternoon, dauntless dive bombers, supported by I Wildcat, fighters attacked Munda, j on New Georgia Island, and Vilu, j in the Central Solomons. A supply ] urea and an enemy gun position ' were hit. "iBi" During the evening, a force of Army Flying Fortresses and Liberators attacked Japanese j positions ut Kahili, in the Shorlland Island area." The shortest rays of light that will produce a visual t>cnsalion on the retina of the eye have a wave- Incglh of only a few millionths of an inch. the growing concentration of enemy power in the islands on the fringe of the continent. "The Allied victories in the Solomons, New Guinea and Bismarck sea merely intensified Japan's de- lerminaloin to invade Australia," Forde said. "It can only be assured that when they are ready, the Japanese will launch an attack on Australia more ferocious than any yet experienced in the Pacific." MacArthur's bombing attacks, growing more numerous northwest of Australia, centered on Cape Van- donbosch off Dutch New Guinea where bombs were dropped around two cargo vessels and a destroyer in convoy, off Cape Namaripi, Dutch New Guinea, whore three small merchant ships and some barges were bombed and strafed. At Langgocr in the Kai islands machinogun posls were silenced and two luggers In the area northeast of Australia a Japanese destroyer was sent limping as a result of Iwo bombs hits from an attack in the Solomon sea. Other raids were made on Gasmata and Cape Gloucester, New Britain, and Madang and Finschhafcn, New Guinea. Another enemy ship was left in sinking condition at Borycn Bay. In one of the periodic tiffs bc- tween Moscow and Tokyo the Soviet newspaper Pravda asserted today Japanese newspaper stories that a Soviet ship in the Easl China sea had been sunk by an American submarine were false. On March 14 the Tokyo radio had quoted four Russian sailors as saying their ship, the 6.000 - ton nard L. Montgomery was "on the move" against Field Marshal Rommel's Africa Corps at the Mareth line in Southern Tunisia, where military observers have been awaiting a decisive clash for days. First reaction of the conservative London "Times" to the prime minister's speech was: "II will be a grave disappointment to the people of this country if no foretasle of forthcoming reforms can be offered while the war lasts." The Laboritc "Herald" said Churchill had taken "a progressive conservative" view of post war problems and added it did not believe "our troops in Tunisia will learn with resentment that the civ- lian population at home is discussing future social issues as well as present mililary ones." Bui Churchill poslponcd well into the future fruition of his social plans when he declared Brilain is not diverting her attention from Ihe war to a "peace which is slill remote," and urged "evermore vigorous prosecution of our supreme task." Of peace prospects, he said: "Speaking under every reserve and not attempting to prophesy, I can imagine that some time next year — but it may well be the year after — we might beal Hitler, by which I mean beat him and his powers of evil into death, dust and ashes." Then, he said, Ihc Allies would turn immediately to "punish the greedy, cruel empire of Japan." To preserve the resulting peace ntf proposed immediate general steps by the Allies looking lo a posl - war world organization — possibly embracing "a council of No Sign Nazi War Machine Is Breaking By RELMAN MORIN London, March 22 — (A')— The German war wachinc shows -no sign of critical weaknesses .despite the batterings of the past four months, authorilative British circles reported today. These sources, which may not be further identified, said they had made an over-all survey of the German mililary, industrial and morale situation as it had been affected by defeats in Russia and the unrelenting British and American bombing. Each separate line of investigation, ihcy said, led to these same conclusions: 1. Germany shows no signs of cracking. 2. Nazi posilions apparently are •sl'rong enough lo preclude any likelihood of an early end of Ihe war. 3. Hitler's machine will function right up until the day, perhaps even the very hour, when it goes dead. This information, it was indicated, probably was the basis for Prime Minister Winston Churchill's slatement that the war might last unitl 1945. Researchers said the German army still numbers between 7,500,000 and 8,000,000 .men. To,ta,lJosses, in killed, captured and wholly disabled were placed at 5,000,000 since the beginning of the war. These were largely replaced, it was believed, as about 500,000 Germans have been coming of military age every year, bringing 2,000,000 into the 'iervincc since 1939, and reserves as far back as the 1925 and 1926 classes were called back, replacing the remainder. The quality of armed forces probably has declined but not the quantity, it was asserted. With respect to the effect of the Allied air war, Ihc cxpcrls said this: "Even if the entire Krupp Works was complclely shattered today, it would be between 10 months and a year before the armies would begin to suffer a shortage of munitions," It was predicted the German Army would be well armed, well fed and generally well equipped until the last knowing to the great -<•> By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 22 —(/P)— American armor drove a wedge into Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's last defense barring the way to the Gulf of Gabes with the capture of about 1,40B Italian prisoners and Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery pressed a full-scale attack on the MarethJ line today. .... t Field reports said an American column was wilhin sight of Mak- > nassy, a strong German position on , the Gafsa-Mshares railway some ' 50 miles west of the port of Mahares. The battle of Tunisia, which Prime Minister Churchill announced last night was under way ' and going well, found Rommel's southern forces squeezed into a coastal strip of barely 70 miles ' separating the correlated drives of Montgomery and U. S. Lieut. Gen. eorgc S. Patlon, Jr., from the south and west respectively. In the north, Col. Gen. Jurgeii Von Arnim's troops drove a British First Army detachment from Nefr sa station, which lies 47 miles southwest of Bizerte and about two miles northwest of the Djebel Abiad, but the dominating heights of the Djebel Abiad were covered by a'new British line. This was a mere sideshow to the mammotli Allied ground and air offensive which threatens to encircle Rommel in the south. (A British radio broadcast, recorded by CBS, said the powerful' aerial action with wich the British reserves and Ihe funnelling off of all types of material nol only from Germany itself but also from all of occupied Europe. , They noted a clothing shortage in Germany proper, but expressed doubt the German soldier lacks clothing. Looking at Ihe German induslrial position, they said there were indications Ihc output in some branches of manufacturing may actually be saying meir snip, me o.uuu - ion ', •' --• = - , . : ,, Kola, nad been torpedoed by Amer- Europe and a council of Asia — to "prevent renewed aggression and preparation of future wars." icans. Pravda said the story was nol to be trusted. In Burma Allied bombers continued 'heir "milk runs" over Don- baik on the Mayu peninsula north of Akyab, Rathcdaung in the same area, ihe airfield near Toungoo in Central Burma, and olher targets, including a railway line in a gorge in the Katha district, but there was no change in the ground posilions. The Japanese admittedly caused some damage and casualties when they attacked an airfield at Feni in Bengal, India. The first symptom of a cold is a sensation of burning and discomfort in the part affected. Tulagi, capital of the Solomons and now j Japanese base, is un is- Umd without rouds. Group to Discuss Research Institute Little Rock, March 22 —Wi—Establishment of an industry-sponsored Arkansas Research Institute will be discussed by the Stall? Academy of Science at its annual meeting here May 1, President j L. B. Roberts of Monlicello an| nounced last, night. | Dr. Roberts, chemistry professor i at Monlicello A. &. M. College, said j the academy would meel at the University of Arkansas medical school instead of at Ihe main institution in Fayoltcville because of war-time travel restrictions. The group also will discuss formation of a junior academy. i the Mareln* positions "was very much like the beginning of the'bat- tle of El Alamein," dust storms and rain clouds which had hampered operations for days vanished Saturday, it said, and the all-out onslaught was launched in clear weather.) A column of General Patton's forces thrust due cast from El Guetar mopped up Bou Hamran, eight miles nearer the coast, and captured more Ihan 1,000 Italain prisoners. Heavy shell fire by American batteries forced some of them to surrender. American troops arc now at grips with the last Axis defenses guarding communication routes on the coastal plain. (Both Italian and German com- muniques, broadcast from Berlin and Rome and recorded by the Associated Press, said violent air and ground batlles were in progress. The German bullelin was phrased to imply lhat Nazi troops were not under fire, saying "strong British- American forces atlacked Italian posilions in South and Central Tunisia. ' ("A violent battle on the ground and in the air is developing," the Nazi high command reported. (The batlle of supply, Ihe Axis reported — without confirmation from Allied quarters — the sinking of three merchant vessels and an escort craft in the Tripoli harbor by German bombers Friday night and a 10,000-lon ship at Algiers by Italian torpedo planes last night. • London observers expressed belief difficult communication and supply problems would hold down the face of Ihe American advance eastward in Central Tunisia from Gafsa. Cautioning against over optimism, one said there was still Ihe job of clearing Ihe enemy from numerous hilis in Ihe vicinity of Maknassy. Speculation on the Mareth Line operations were discouraged in British military quarters, which said the offensive would take some time to unfold.) Fierce fighting was developed by the plunge of Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery's men against the fortified positions of Fcild Marshal Rommel, but "operations are continuing satisfactorily," a commun- ique said. The ground action was accompanied by powerful aerial blows against the Mareth line and Axis air fields. Yesterday in the Gafsa sector Continued on Page Four) Hitler Breaks Silence With Berlin Address London, March 22 — I/I 1 )— Adolf Hitler emerged yesterday from a 133-day silence which had given rise to rumors of his illness or death to tell the German people in a radio broadcast the crisis on the Russian front had been surmounted, assure them their losses in war dead were relatively small. and yet admit that many parts of Germany had overcome "war /ones" as a result of incessant Allied bombing. Veteran broadcast listeners, who have neard many of Hitler's speeches before, listened particu- 'arly intently to be sure it was the fuehrer speaking and said they ! American forces continued to press on towards Maknassy and southeast of Gafse, taking over 1,000 prisoners in .several successful actions," the communique said. Of the northern sector poerations wesl of Sedjenane, the bulletin reported "there was slight enemy activity and our troops are again in contact. Fighting continues." Destructive missions were executed by Allied aerial squadrons throughout Saturday night and yesterday, bombers leading off with a were convinced it was his voice they heard. In one of the shortest and most subdued speeches he has ever delivered the fuehrer told a German war - dead memorial day gathering at the Zaughaus (military museum) in Berlin, the fourth such I assemblage since the war began. I that 542,000 German soldiers has been killed since the start of the conflict. (Premier Josef Stalin has set the total of German dead on the casl- j blasting of me docks of Ferry- ern front at -!,000,000, and Ger- ; v ille. a port of Bi-'.erle's deep har- many'i own admissions of losses in I bor 10 miles south of that Naval their entrapment and defeat in I base. Stalingrad would appear to make "A considerable force of heavy Hitler's total figure for Iwo years of war unduly low. Con turned on Pa«c Four)

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