Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 133 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Not quite so cold in west and central portions, little temperature change in extreme east portion tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press H4EA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n To Cut Axis Coast Road PRICE 5c COPY #.: Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Drive Against National Brands Under Guise of 'War Effort' It would be a dull-witted citizen indeed who by this time failed to recognize that there are some strong-minded people in our national administration who appear resolved to use the war emergency as a cloak under which to change permanently nur American way of doing business. "* ~~~~ ' "^ The danger is brought forcibly lo Eden's Visit Dedicated to .Russian Pact Washington, March 20—MV-Bril- mcnl bureaucratic plans to kill off nationally-branded goods. How far Ihe attempt lo change our government has gone, considering that Ihc duly-elected rcprcsenta- attention by constantly recurring news reports from ^.Washington, of which Ihe following, from Ihe March 18 day report of the Assoc- ialcd Press is a sample: "Rep. HallccJc (R. Ind.i of the House Rules Committee, said he knew of some proposals In grade commodities—'lake off the brand names and put on some grade or victory name.' " Congressman Hallcck was speaking in connection with a vote by the House Rules Commitlec to rc- ish Foreign ' Secretary Anthony c l uire «" investigation into govern Eden's week of Washington confer- I cuccs loday appeared lo have focused diplomatic attention on Sov- •rct-Amcrican relations — with particular reference lo the Anglo-Russian pack he negotiated last year. The ciucstion generally posed is whether similar pacts — avoiding precise blueprint of post-war bur- J.TS — are in the offing between all Ihe weslern democracies and Russia. Eden arrived here just after Vice President Wallace 1 had warned that wlihoul a "satisfactory understanding" between the western Democ- •*racies and Russia a third world war would be inevitable. With the diplomat was William Strung, assistant undersecretary of state and one of Britain's foremost experts on Russia. ; tt Immediate interest in the pact signed by Edon and Sovicl Foreign Minister Molotov 10 months ago was Heightened by London common talors who suggcsled Ihe former might find opportunity in Washing<:ion to promote closer relations be"Wi-en Russia and the .United Slales. Atlracling even more diplomalic attention than Eden's subsequcnl conference here with Soviet Ambassador Maxim Lilvinoff was Ihe Jdclaycd publication in Ihe Unilcd Slales of a London Times editorial interpreting the "sense and significance of Ihe Eden - Molotov" treaty. "The issue of security in Eur! ;ppc," said this week-old Times editorial, "will not be settled by Ihe nunciation of general principles; il will not be settled by the acceptance of hypothetical obligations or by the establishment of loose machinery of consultation or cooperation: it will not be sctllcd by any organization based on the conccp- lion of national independence which cnlails Ihc partition of Europe among 20 separate and jarring military and economic soverignties, , "II will be settled only if those *who possess military and economic power on the largest scale, and are qualified to exercise this control, confines of Europe, organize thai power in common for the fulfill. incut of common purposes for the : A>enefil of all." The Iwo great powers "situated on the confines of "Europe" and qualificdlo exercise this control, the Times suggeslcd, arc England and Russia. (,> Aulhoritalivc -British sources in Washington pointed out that the Times did not speak for the British government or Eden, and il was suggeslcd the cdilorial more nearly approximated the Soviet view. In his round - table conference "•rwith Congressional Foreign Affairs conimiltees, Eden was reported l.i have stressed the importance of existing harmonious collaboration belwoen Russia, Britain, Ihe Unilcd Slales and China, and lo have cx- (yprcsscd Ihc hope that this wartime collaboration would be carried over into the post-war era. Russians in Drive Toward Smolensk By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, March 20—(/!')- -The Red Army still struggled today to hold its defense lines along the twisting Northern Donets river east and southeast of Kharkov against the increasing number of German tanks, men and planes being poured into this area, many of them apparently being brought up through Kharkov. Despite unfavorable weather conditions, however, the Russians said they had driven steadily forward in the offensive for Smoclsnk and had gained another town after vicious street fighting in the Staraya Russa area. Dispatches lo Pravda, the Communist party newspaper, declared that advances along the Dnieper river front now had virtually cleared the enemy out of every sector along the river from its source down toward the Vyazma - Smo- lensk railway and that driven lives of the people arc busier stopping bureaus from passing laws than enacting laws themselves, may be measured when you understand just what killing off nationally-branded merchandise would moan. The whole business of American mass-production and American standard of living, not lo mention the American system of free enter prise, originated with the invention of national brands and advertising. Advertising permitted the people to test all "name goods", find out which were good (not necessarily best, for there is no such thing in the parlance of merchandising) —and sales and production spiraled upward from that point on. You know that this is true—from your own purchases, whether of automobiles, refrigerators, radios, flour, coffee, and so forth. i. The system of national brands does not hinder the sale of unbrand- cd goods—but it is the system of national brands which gives the | public the confidence to buy, and which furnishes the overwhelming bulk of the sales that support American peace-time production. Against this system that free American enterprise invented and used to build this country up lo be the world's richest and most envied, there arc people who, aping the poverty-stricken, university-ridden westward, the Germans now were laying mines over a wide area lo stem Ihe Red Army push. Wilh spring mud bogging down Ihc entire area, however it was thought that soon only air forces would be able to function normally. The Soviet noon communique did not disclose whether the Germans had been able to cross the upper Donets where the Russians slill held some positions on Ihc wesler n shore. But as the Red Army con- linued its slaughter of German infantrymen and rapid - fire riflemen who charge across Ihe thin ice of the still - frozen Donets, the countries of the Old World, would knock out the national brand sys- aged lo re-form their tern of determine all Ihosc products counterattack, hurling which arc good ,and would install j back lo previous positions. Cold Forces FDR & to Postpone Meet Washington, March 20 —M 5 )—Because of a slight, cold, President Roosevelt today postponed an engagement with labor leaders pro- lesling the war labor board's con- fclinued use ol the litlle sleel formula in passing on wage increases, he labor •'victory board" composed of representatives of the AFL, CIO and railway brotherhoods was asked to put off its call tyunlil curly next week. GOAT'S A REVENUE Vinita. Okla. i/T>—George Camp' bell of Vinita says he saw a goal ; chewing off the Uisl corner of a ^$5 windshielcllax sticker from a " car parked in a vacant lot. And that, says George, really made it an internal revenue collection. instead a government system of "grades" which would determine by government edict ONE PRODUCT AS BEST—destroying all others! What would happen lo the factories of the products judged only second-best when peace returns? And how would the American people like a peace-time business that gave them no choice of goods —simply Ihc grades as a handful of Washington professors selected them? I don'l think they would like il. I think Ihe American people are 100 per cenl behind Iho aclion of the House Rules Committee in demanding thai Ihc bureaucrats- be reminded Ihcy are slill merely clerks—nol law-makers. British Strike at Japanese Line in Burma By The Associated Press British win-ships laid down a Tire setting barrage on Jannncsc positions yesterday in the Donbaik area in Burma, a communique said today, and vanguards of Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wvacll's forces driving down the coast "made progress" toward the town of Donbaik itself. Donbaik lies near the tip of the Mayu peninsula, just north of the big Japanese base at Akyab on the Bay of Bengal. British headquarters said numerous fires were started in the Naval bombardment and declared that Japanese shore batteries inflicted "neither damage nor casualties" in.attempting to break up the assault. "East (if the Mayu river, our positions have been maintained and in the past 24 hours there has been 7io important change in the situation" the British command said. Japanese infiltration laclis east of the Mayu river, which separates the peninsula from the mainland, had previously forced the British to withdraw north of Ralhedaung, 25 miles above Akyab. and threatened to cut off British forward troops along the coast. In the Southwest Pacific, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters reported continuing Allied aerial attacks against a 2,000 mile arc of Japanese bases above Australia, with bombing and machine gunning attacks from the Banda sea to New Britain. A communique said United Nations airmen ranging over New Germans brought more and more i Guinea caught a Japanese submhr men to the battle line, it was re- | rinc unloading supplies in Lae harr ported. bor last night and destroyed it with four direct bomb hits. Dispatches said it was believed that the Japanese now werc~rcso:'t- ing to submarines to run supplies to their garrisons in..,.upper New Guinea, fearful of Allied air power since the recent destruction of a' 22 ship Japanese convoy in the Bismarck sea. The Japanese, however, were showing a marked increase in air strength and yesterday sent 18 bombers escorted by 32 fighters in a daylight raid on Porlock harbor. New Guinea, SO miles below the old Buna battle sector on the Papaun peninsula. A communique said the enemy planes dropped 70 bombs, damaging a wharf and a launch, but there were no casualties. * On the China front, a Chinese communique reported that General issimo Chiang KaiShek's armies had crushed a Japanese counterattack launched after the retreat of eight enemy columns south of the Yangtze river. The Japanese, who crossed the river on a 100-mile front, started their counter offensive Thursday, but were driven back despite aerial cover. Today's War Map O The German death toll was said to be mounting steadily. Both sides are aided in the night fighting by the present lull moon which lights up the ice over the Donets and aids the Red Army in blasting the Germans' many nocturnal efforts to cross the river and dig in on the eastern bank. On the other hand, the German air force makes night flights by its light, bombing Russian positions. At one unidentified place on the northern Donets, the Germans grouped 5 tanks with a large infantry unit to force the Russians to withdraw. The noon communi- que said that the Soviet troops man- lines and the Nazis Tax-Skipping Plan Opposed by Committee Washington, March 20 —(/I 1 )—The House Ways and Means committee, in a majority report outlining Ihc administration's new tax collection plan, today sharply criticized the counter proposal for skipping 1942 levies as "like robbing Peter to pay a bonus lo Paul." "To forgive any taxpayer one year's taxes means that the debt which he has already incurred and owes lo the government must be borne by some other taxpayer, who .may in some instances be less able to pay than the taxpayer whose debt is forgiven," the report said. Issued over the signature of Chariman Doughtun (D-NC), it offered a preview of the bitter fight anticipated ncxl week beUVeen ud- minislralion supporters and backers of the Rural plan over just how (axes shall be collected and whether the 1942 laxes will be dropped in order to get the nation's tax payers on a pay-as-you-earn basis. A minority report, wrapping up the views of several Republican The midnight communique had acknowledged that two villages were lost to a numerically superior enemy force "al the cost of heavy losses" and it was believed these were in the Chuguv area, along a baltlc line described as being 15 miles east of Kharkov. The Germans were reported lo have big guns ranged along their river positions and heavy firing duels across the waterway were frequent. The Russian advance toward Smolensk was described by the noon war bulletin as being waged in drives across Ihc Upper Dnieper river with more than 200 Germans exterminated in a battle for one stronghold and a German infantry battalion encircled and "completely annihilated" in another sec- lor. Previously, Ihc Russians had in- dcialed that the Germans svcre offering stubborn resistance from previously prepared positions south of Izcdshkovo, aboui 5 miles easl of Smolensk on Ihc main railway to Vyazma. The city of Tripoli is believed to > have had ils beginning as a trading post of the Phoenicians long before the Christian era. • •> i hUUUUeU The Russians said Ihcy brought position, down at least 18 enemy aircraft on ] _^ the Lake Ilmen and Donets river fronts yesterday. The advance through Smolensk province was being made through sticky quagmires of deep black mud, a dispatch to Pravda declared. Skis have been abandoned by the troops in the face of Ihc spring thaw. Streams soon will begin lo rise and may carry away army- built tempor-.iry bridges, further hampering communications and slowing - up operations. Pravda said thai Ihe whole eastern bank of the Dnieper has been cleared in the I/deshkovo sector and that the Red Army columns operating south of Kolm-Zhirkov- sky had smashed strong resistance to drive the Germans out of several selllemenls, thus clearing virtually every sector of Ihe Dniep- er from its source down toward Ihe railway. The Pravda dispatch said that the | Germans left nothing in their | wake in this area but typhus and McMath and LaGrone on School Ticket School districts of Hempstcad county and Arkansas generally arc holding elections today for directors. In Ihc Hope Special School District Syd McMalh and R. M. La- Gronc, Jr., directors whose terms expire this year, and candidates to themselves—without op- y ZtiJ*^™ ^ TUNISIA MILES rY «Ji •*^^==* FOUM TATAHOUINE [RHILANE^^MVI Today's war map shows U. S. twin columns striking to- ®— ward Gabes, Sfax. British Eighth Army thrusting from south threatens to put Rommel in a pocket. (NtA leiemupl Suicide Ends Racket Career of Frank Nitti Fire-fighting foams arc extracted from peanut shells. Chicago, March 20 — (/P)— Death by suicide has ended Frank Nilti's gangster - sludded career. The. chief of Ihc Capone syndi- cale, ruler of the city's underworld and acknowledged "brains" of one of the nations major gangs, shot and killed himself yesterday, only a few hours after he learned he was one of nine men indicted by a New York federal grand jury on charges .of extortion. The 56-year old gang boss, known as "The Enforcer" by virtue of his authority in rackeoering, went lo his death by his own hand near a railroad embankment in suburban Riverside, a short distance from his home. Three members of a railroad freight crew saw Nilli die by firing Iwo buHcls inlo his head, Police Sergeant William Crowe reported. Unaware of the man's identity, the trainmen rted thcclaoin lily, the trainmen reported the shooting lo police. Police Chief Allen Rose of Norlh Riverside said lie found Nilti lying on his back, his head against the post of a fence- There were two bullet wounds in his head. In his right hand was a .32 caliber revolver. An altorncy fur the slain gang leader told police NiUi had consulted him earlier yesterday and was advised of Ihc indictments in Now York. He said Nilti, who had promised lo come to his office later, did not appear to be distressed when he. was given the news of the indictment. The New York indictments charged Nlili and six other Chicagoans on federal charges of violating the anti - racketeering act, and of mail fraud and conspiracy. The nine men, including two from New York who federal officials said were Allied with the Nitti gang, were charged in the indictments with extorting more than one million dollars from movie firms and a labor union. The in- diclmenls were Ihc largest legal blow ever aimed at the gang and federal officials here promised further developments. 5 Arkansans Are Listed as Missing (Advance for Saturday PMS, March 20. Radio broadcast permit- led after 7:30 a.m., Central Wartime, March 20.). Washington, March 20 —-(£')—Five Arkansans were listed by the War Deparlmenl loday among 300 United States Army personnel wounded in aclion. All of Hie Arkansas soldiers were wounded in uclion in Ihe Norlh African area. They were: Slaff S«l. Robert R. Caudle, son of Mrs. Josephine B. Caudle, Winslow. Sgl James A. Clawson, brother of Olin Clawson, Houston. Pvt. August. Colcman, son of Mrs. Lillie M. Colcman, Hiwassc. Barnsdall's Miller Test Looms Opener Slumps, Ark., March 19 (Special) —Highlighting oil inlerest for this section this week is Barnsdall Oi company's Grace No. 1 wildcat in Miller county which looms as a new field opener. • . Located in the C of the SE NW of section 4-15-27, exaclly 18 miles due west of the new Midway field in Lafayelte county, the test topped the porosily high al 6175 feel which extends in broken formation to a total depth of 0505 feet. Operators were lesting for completion efforts at the close of the week and the final outcome should be dclermin- cd early ncxl week. The well was drilled on a unilizcd lease block of approximately 2,000 acres, owned by Barnsdall, Tidewater, Seaboard and Standard Oil Companies, J. K. Wadlcy of Texarkana and M. K. Marr of Dallas. Leasing and royalty activity in thai vicinily was said to have been extremely brisk following the good showings of cores. Nexl in line of interest for Lafayette county, is another successful producer looms in the Midway field. It is Arkansas Fuel Oil Company's Luzenia Creek No. 2 in section 9-13-24. Oil saturation was encountered at 6431 feet. Coring operalions were continuing as the week ended, with operators cxpecl- ing lo sel production pipe possibly next week. Other activities in Ihe Midway field includes Barnsdall Oil Com- Rain and Dust Hamper All in African War By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 20 —(/P)— American infantry and armor organized their positions at Gafsa and El Guetar, only 60 miles from Marshal Erwin Rommel's coastal road lifeline, and set the stage for what may be one of the biggest battles of .-the Tunisian campaign today.- , . & r k A March downpour whicli-.tarried the plains into sticky bogs too soft for tanks kept motionless, however, the forces of Lieut. Gen,,.George S. Patton, Jr., and dustisiorms,at the southern end of the front where Gen. Sir Bernard L.Mongomery's Eighth Army was poised before the Mareth line held activities at a minimum there. Continuing storms which turned northern airfields into sloppy strips and dust storms in the south also prevented the Allied air forces, now welded into a mighty weapon under one commander and one headquarters, from striking ' the crushing blows of which they are capable. Such sweeps as were made in the north, today's Allied,headquar tors communique said, were carried out by Allied fliers without meeting a single enemy plane. In the south Ih western desert air- force was stilt to no enemy tanks stuck in the sand. The dust storms were reported as bad as those in Egypt and Libya. An RAF source today described the enemy's position in Tunisia as the shape of a man's head stretching down to the Mareth line and with Allied airforces gripping the throat and rea'dy to squeeze. Allied fighters from one side are now able to reach a target at the same time as bombers from pie other and give them protection. This cooperation was gradually stripping advanced Axis air fields and" Ymftntaimng cTear •- 'SttpfarntK y"HtuVKt the air. >. <(Gen. Henri Giraud, the French commander-m-chief, was disclosed by the Algiers radio to have been present when the Allied forces drove into Gafsa. (In a ceremony honoring Moslem soldiers at Maillot hospital, Algiers, the Morocco radio reported, Giraud said "I am convinced Gaf- sa marks the beginning of an offensive which will go on as far as Berlin." It quoted him as saying "I was present at the recapture of, Gafsa. Realizing the courage and valor of our troops the Germans and Italians left even quicker than they came.)" Continuing an advance which had already carried them 42 miles in two days toward their apparent goal at Gabes, Axis supply port behind the main German position in the Mareth area, the Americans battled heavy rains and floods in the rough mountain country. (The Algiers radio broadcast a report today, heard by the Associated Press in London, that Gen. Henri Giraud was present when the capture of Gafsa was effected by the American First Division three days ago. No further details pany drilling below 5300 feet at the Millard F. Creek No. 2 NE SE sec lion 10-15-24. Gene Goff was build ing derrick at the Darnell No. 2 NK NE section 9-15-24 and Southwood Oil Company was digging pits at the Ilodnctt No. 9 SE NE section 18-15-23. Pvt. John C. Daniels, son of Os- . In t |lc McKamic field, Lion Oil car M Daniels, Rt. 6, Box 120, El Dorado. Pvt. Amos C. Fitzgerald, son of Tom Fitzgerald, Leuchvillc. About the llth century, splinters of wood dipped in tallow were frist used in England for lighting. The End of U. S. S. Chicago members of the committee have endorsed the Runil proposal for lurning the hands of Ihe lax clock ahead a year, is expeeled to be filed lomarrow. "We are now faced with the mosl iv.aii:^, ,. ,-, -• ,., who ' °" iei ' diseases. Every cow. chicken ' and pig in the area had been eaten, Pravda reported. Continued on Page Four) I Pearl fishing in the waters j around Venezuela's Margarita Is. land is only permitted for a few months every third year. With bow anchor down and lying low in the water, USS Chicago is shown a few hours before she went down off Rennell Island in the Solomons on January 30. The Chicago was damaged heavily the receding night in an attack on a U. S. task force and was sunk while in tow. (U. S. Navy Photo from NEA Telephoto). Refining Company's Wheat No. 1 in scclion 35-17-23 remains a loca lion. Is Sentenced for Threats to President Shreveport, La., March 20 — tiVi — William T. Reid, oil promoter convicted Jan. 20 on charges of threa'ening ihe life of President Roosevelt, was sentenced to serve j 18 months in El Reno (Okla.) rc- I forma lory by Federal Judge Ben O. j Dawkins. Reid's attorney iminedi- ! ately lilcd notice for an appeal in S the Fifth Circuit court at New Or! leans. ! In sentencing Reid, Judge Dawkins said of the crime. "It is not so I much nis possibility of carrying i out the threutes (against the president i us it. is of putting those thoughts in the minds of others." Reid, in maintaining his innocence, said he would "take the case lo the Supreme Court if necessary lo gai n a new trial. A previous indictment against him filed last November was dismissed ut the request of the government attorney. Bond of $5.000 was continued. j A request in federal district court I here for a new trial was denied [last week by Judge Dawkins. \ •>• were given immediately.) Meantime the German Army in Northern Tunisia under Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim was apparently achieving local success with a diversionary attack designed to take pressure off Rommel in the South. The British First Army fell back three miles from Tamera, a mining town 15 miles southwest of Bizerte, but then was able lo hold in stronger positions against two infantry assaults. Capture of El Guclar opened up to the American forces two roads eastward toward the coast, (he first toward Gabes, about 73 miles away and the second culling into Ihe main coaslal highway at Achi- china, about GO miles from El Guc- tar. Achichina is about 35 miles north of Gabes on the coast road. Arkansan on Navy List of Missing Washington, March 20—(A 1 )—The Navy announced today 24 casual- lies in Navy forces, including five dead, five wounded and 14 missing. This brings to 24,522 Ihe total of Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard casualleis reported to next of kin since December 7. 1941. The grand total includes G.913 dead, 4,639 wounded and 12,970 missing. One named counted in the dead classification of today's list docs nol appear on the list because, the Navy stated, the next of kin resides in a foreign country. The casualties announced today (those listed are Navy and noncommissioned personnel unless otherwise specified.) included: Arkansas: Johnson. Games Rudell. Missing. Mother, Mrs. Buelah Lee Johnson, 310 West Washington Ave., Jonesboro.
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