Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Ass6ciated Press Hope ^VOLUME 44—NUMBER 132 Slor of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January IB, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Showers in cast portion this afternoon; colder this afternoon and tonight; light to heavy frost-in south and freezing with temperature 28 to 32 in north except near 24 in extreme north. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MARCH 19, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press iNEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Reds Yield Some Ground Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by Tho Editor —ALEX. H. WASHBURN '..* No General Strike in War Miners Unlikely to Try It Your correspondent is inclined to agree with Shipbuilder Henry J, Kaiser's statement yesterday that, for patriotic reasons, the nation's coal miners will refuse to follow John L. into a strike "very long". O Stimson Opposes Drafting Men on Statewide Basis Washington, March 19 — (/P) — Supporting the principle of inducting men withoul dependents before fathers arc called up. Secretary of • tiVar Slimson today opposed the Kil- clay draft .deferment bill on the grouivl it "would completely break down" Selective Service administration. The War Secretary's letlcr was ijnadc public by Chairman Sabalh ~ ; ID - III.) as the House Rules committee resumed hearings on the bill of Rep. Kilday (D - Tex.) to put draft quotas on a stalcwide instead of a local board basis and lo give deferment priorities to men a£vith children. Stimson said Iho legislation, ap proved last month by a 23 lo 2 vote of the military committee and apparently headed for Rules com- millcc approval and a House vote ^•yicxt week, would present an "administrative impossibility." Us language, he wrote Eabath, is not clear enough to prevent possible confusion through individuals appealing to the courts from induc- ..iion JH'.d8jr£,^;Jhe,_,ground, H\at .all Available men in prior draft categories within Ihc same slale had not been called. The bill prescribes Ihis general sequence of induction within ^slalc lines: Single men with no dc- fjpcndcnls, first, followed in order by single men with collateral dependents, married men withoul children, and married men with children. "No Selective Service local »«board would ever be able to ascertain at any given time that every selectee subject to prior induction in thai slale had, in fact, rcporlcd and been duly inducted, which must have been accomplished before a call for induction i?of members of a latter category could be issued," Stimson asserted. "Shifls of population, changes of individual circumstances, and other similar factors make such a determination impossible. Ac- •KCordingly, the administration of the Scleclvc Service syslcm would compclely break down and the army would be unable to continent lo receive the sleady flow of manpower which is essential." •ij If the legislation could be intcr- •*prelcd and adminislercd as "merely cslablishing a uniformily of procedure within the stales so lhal unmarried men and men without dependents would be called for induction when possible before (^married men and men wilh de- pendcnls, withoul precluding lhe actual induction of the latlcr so long as any of the former had not been inducted, the War Deparl- ment would have no objcclion lo Ihc (•(.bill," he added, bul if Ihis were • the proper inlcrprclalion of I h c measure, "Us language requires subslunlial clarificalion." However, Slimson observed, "il is furlher lo be noled that upon j( .this inctrprclalion of the bill ils 6cnaclmonl is unnecessary, as Ihc Selective Service syslcm is nosv accomplishing Ihc same result" Governer Signs 36 • Bills Into Law Little Rock, March 19 —M 1 )—Governor Adkins signed 36 bills yesterday including the Leflar House bill providing for voluntary admis- — sions !o the slale hospital. It im- 'mcdiatcly inaugurates new admission procedure supplementing the current system of entry by court committment. He also .signed the enrolled copy of Cloer Seriate bill staggering the Ihenns of University of Arkansas trustcse in conformity with amendment 33. Adkins said he signed the original typewritten copy of the bill during the session before Senate ..•onfirmalion of his appoin- .jtecs when he was unable to obtain the enrolled copy. Another bill by Rep. Eli Leflar, Bcnlon county, was signed authorizing attorneys in chancellory districts lo select, successors to chancellor.? when they leave for armed '*.services. Lefl.ir said 13th District Chancellor John K. Butt, Eureka Springs, planned to leave soon for .military service. Missing in Action ® The word "strike" has a twofold meaning. Originally il merely meant Ihc right of men to enforce bargaining for fair wages and working conditions within their own factory or mine. On that definition alone a strike is one of freemen's inalienable rights—like the inalicn able righl of employers lo go into business for a profit. But Ihc slrikc weapon was ad vanccd years ago into fields far re moved from the workmen's own endeavor. We had Ihc case of strikes in which men walked oft the job not because of their own wages 01 working conditions but out of sym palhy for men in olher places of business, or even in entirely dif- fercnl trade lines—or possibly solely for political purposes. This hitler-day development we call a 'general strike"—and it is revolutionary*, an entirely different kind of animal from the local strike. Back in the 1920's when the Labor Parly was in power in England and Ramsay MacDonald was prime minister Labor ill-adviscdly called a general strike of all union men regardless of trade or occupation to force a political action. It was a revolutionary move — England disowned it, and il smashed Ihc English Labor Parly. We hold a similar view of Ihc mailer in the United Slalcs, where an attempted police strike in New England was put down some years ago as an attack on the constilulcd authorises ralher lhan a bona fide question of labor. I'oday Mr. Lewis is proposing ih to Lt. Amon G. Carter, Jr. has been missing in action since Feb. 14, his father, Amon Carter of Fort Worth, Texas, was advised in a telegram from Major Gen. Ulio, adjutant general. A field artillery officer with an armored division, his unit was in action around Sbeitla, Central Tunisia. (NEA Photo). call out all the soft coal miners of America to enforce a demand for a $2-a-day increase in wages. In peace time we might admit that coal mining must be treated as an industry rather than as an individual mine—but the nation is a war. ' Any attempt to cut off a vital supply such as fuel is in war-time a general strike. Mr. Lewis knows that—and may be only bluffing. But if he goes through with it the issue will be checked up to the United Mine Workers membership, who also know that a fuel strike in war-time is a general strike, is Hope French Colonies Will Swing to Allies By RICHARD G. MASSOCK Warshington, March 19 —(XT')— Committee Bill Described As Rich Man's Bill —Washington Wasninglon, March 10 —(/P)—The income tax collection bill submitted to the House by the Ways and Means committee, which makes pay-as-you-go optional for each taxpayer, was described on the floor today by Rep. Allen (R-I11.) as "a rich man's bill." "It provides no abatement or conccssoin on Taxes for 1042," he j said. "It provides that if a laxpay* cr desires to gel on a current basis by paying bolh 1942 and 1043 taxes during 1943 he is rewarded by ( being given a varying percent discount depending upon the time of payment." Allen contended the Ruml pay-i us-you-go plan, which would skip an entire lax year, would not be of principal benefit to the wealthy. The committee bill provides no lax abatement, but creates a system of discounts up to six per cent on 1943 taxes paid within the current year, after 1942 taxes have been remitted in full, as a means of encouraging taxpayer to go on u current basis. "The position of the mass of our people," Allen said, "is that they want to get on a pay-as-you - go basis, but it is financially impossible for them to maintain their families and pay two years taxes in one. "If a citizen has sufficient money to take advantage of the Ways and Means committee tax bill inducement of discount one must have She Was Angry sufficient money to take care ol both years without discount." French Guiana's swing to the j The Ways and Means committee leadership of Gen. Henri Giraud raised hopes in Washington today that the Fiench west Indies, Mar- TtflTi'qtHTand Guadaloupo, would soon join in the fight against the Axis. The high commissioner for the French colonies in the Caribbean, Admiral Georges Robert, was believed i n diplomatic quarters to face a crisis in his refusal thus far to rally to the Giraud side. It was brought nearer by a critical food situation in Martinique, Robert's headquarters, since the United States suspended shipments, to that island. No food has been sent there since the Allied occupation of French North Africa. Giraud's military mission in Washington confirmed . yesterday decided unanimously that in house consideration of the tax bill, the measure should be open for the presentation of amendments which probably will bring separate votes on various compromise proposals The Ruml plan and the various compromises were voted down in committee several days ago. Rep. Knutson (R-Minn.) told re porters Republican supporters o: the Ruml plan would file a minority report against the committee bill, which has been termed revolutionary — and traitorous to that the governor of Guiana and millions of fellow Americans now in the uniform of their country, many of them already perilously situated on far-flung battlcfronts which require a prompt and constant flow of supplies. Thousands of the minors' own sons arc in that uniform, and on that battlcfront. In the face of those facts all complaints and arguments arc mere rhetoric. And we long ago decided that words weren't going to beat other men who have decided to fight with guns. Brazil Women Risk Death to Escape Sub Rio DC'Janeiro, March la —(Delayed) —(/P)— The story of how scores of women risked death on a sinking Brazilian ship in shark- infested waters of the South Atlantic rather than face capture by Axis seamen was related today by survivors of the Afonso Pcnna, sunk by a submarine off the east coast of Brazil on March 2. After the ship, a 3,540 - ton vessel carrying 241 passengers, including many women and chhldrcn was hit by a torpedo she began lo sink immediately, said survivors picked up by an American oil tanker. The submarinp surfaced and an officer, shouting through a meg-a- phone, offered to save the women but warned they would be held as the mayor of its capital, Cayenne, had telegraphed their allegiance to Giraud. The island, site of the notorious Devil's Island penal colony off the nroth coast oi South America, thus becomes the first of France's west hemisphere colonies to break away irom the rule of Admiral Robert, who has maintained a virtually autonomous sway in the French West Indies, without culling himself off completely from the Vichy regime of Marshal Petain. Martinique is valuable lo Ihc Unilcd Nation's war offorl not only as a potential base of opera- lions in the Caribbean bul also because Admiral Robert is holding a sizeable fleet of French ships there. These include the aircraft carrier Beam, two or three cruisers, various smaller vessels and six oil tankers. Robert is regarded in some quarters here as an ultra-conservative naval officer rcluclanl lo cooperate in the war against Germany without an order from some superior, presumably in his case, Marshal Peluin. Barbara Brown who represented herself as an army telephone operator to Detroit, Mich., police and iad hundreds of soldiers., leaves cancelled because she was mad at ier boyfriend. (NEA Telephoto). Budgetary Law Put Through by Taxpayers Torrential Rains Slow American Push in Tunisia —Africa BY EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 19 — (/P) — United States troops have o c c u p i e d El Guctar, 12 miles southeast of Gafsa on the raod to Gabcs, in a pursuit maintained despite torrential rains and flood conditions, it was announced today. (A dispatch from the Tunisian front from Noland Norgaard, Associated Press war correspondent, said United States infantry rdocc- upicd positions cast of El Guclar, thus restoring their position to a rough approximation of that of two months ago.) Forward elements from the command of Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton. Jr., entered the town after its abandonment by the enemy, a communique said. The soldiers often were wading through water in the muddy fullics to press the advantage gained in the rcconqucst of the Gafsa area. In the northern sector British First Army troops withdrew yos- terday night from the niming village of Tamcra to new positions three miles to the southwest, where they repulsed two German infantry attacks. Tamcra itself lies seven miles west of a former British base at Scdjcnane and 45 miles southwest of Bizerle, the Axis-held naval The General Assembly which ad- base. Early to K. P. These arc believed lo have had | r or | - monslrosily" by Republican Lead or Martin. Series Talks on Post War Plan Loom Washington, March 19 — (If} — President Roosevelt disclosed today thai perhaps half a dozen Unil- cd Nalions conferences might be called lo consider various phases of post-war problems. Plans arc already under way for a conference on food production and distribution for all the populations of the world in Ihe period following Ihe close of the conflict. In addition, the chief executive told a press conference, probably there would be a meeting on postwar relief. Beyond thai, he said, Ihere mighl bo Iwo or three or four other conference, mainly in the fields uf economics and finance. Meanwhile, a plea by Anthony Eden that the United Stales, England, Russia and China mould their war-time unity into Ihc framework for a lasting peace encouraged congressional advocates I of collectvie securily lo new cf- journed this month'enacted at the suggestion bf -the organized lax- payers of Ihc stale. a budgelary conlrol law which will be helpful in controlling stale expenses, Sieve Stahl, director of the . Arkansas Public Expenditures Council, told Hope Rotary club at its luncheon loday noon in Holel Barlow. The new law will present each incoming legislature with a complete picture of the slale's revenue and expense, Mr. Stahl said; and it provides a quarlcrdly allolmcnl selup—Ihe slale comptroller having authority to reduce appropriations proven to be unnceded, and being required to reduce them whenever Ihe quarterly report showing insufficient revenues coming up. Another notable feature of the budgelary control law, Mr. Stahl continued, is the prohibition of transfer of funds appropriated for a specific purpose to help pay wages or salaries somewhere else. Mr. Stahl told of the organization of the Arkansas Public Expcndi- turcs Council and the formation of county taxpayer units in Craighead and Boone, saying it was hoped that taxpayers units would soon cover every county in Arkansas. The taxpayers' association idea is 27 years old, he reported, and now operates in 34 stales on a slale-wide basis, witli more lhan 2,000 local unils. The purposes of a laxpaycrs' as- socialion are, he said: "1. To ascertain the tax expenditures. "2. To acquaint the citizens with the affairs of their government. "3. To work with officials for Ihc improvement of public service and lo eliminate needless expense— gelling more ncl results from the taxpayer's dollar." He cited Ihc following amusing (Signal Corps Photo From NEA) Stephen Early, Jr., snn of President Roosevelt's secretary, proves he can dish it out when it comes to washing dishes on K. P. at Camo Croft. S. C. (Of this action the German high command communique, broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associaled Press, said lhat on the "norlhweslern Tunisian front an Axis local offensive enterprise is progressing favorably. " The renewal of activities of the force under General Patton, which includes the first U. S. armored division and the first and 34th in™ fanlry divisions, was accepted by military observers here as new evidence of the Allied determination to clean up enemy holdings in Tunisia. The communique said the British Eight army continued normal patrol activity which resulted in slight local adjustments in the Marcth line zone while Allied forces withdrew slightly on the northern Tunisian front in the Tamcra area west of Scdjenanc. United States armored patrols thrust on from recaptured Gafsa i toward the Gulf of Gabcs by Iwo roads lo squeeze the corridor between the forces of Marshal Erwin Rommel and Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim. Yanks Keep Up Attacks on Enemy Bases Washington, March 19 (/P) — American bombers hitting at Japanese position in the Solomons started a fire at Via and bombed Kahii and Baae, the Navy announced today, adding that results •aL-ibc-laUor two, attacks were no' observed. Navy communique No. 317 said: 'South Pacific: (All dates are cast' longitude). "1. O n March 18th: "(A) United States Army Flying Fortresses carried out minor attacks against Japanese positions' Kahii and Baae in the Shortland isand area and al Via in the central Solomons. Results were not observed. "(B) In the afternoon a force of Dauntess Dive bombers escorted by Wildcat fighters bombed Via on tha central Colomons and started a fire. "(Ci A United States planes returned from these operations." Ceiling Prices for Shippers of Vegetables Dallas, Tex., March 19 f/P) — The Office of Price Administration today set ceilings on prices payable to shippers of cabbage, carrots, spinach and snap beans in Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisians and Texas. The new OPA order is effective lomor- State School Districts to Hold Elections Nazis Throw New Units Info Fight Around Kharkov —Europe By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, March 19 — (/P) —Dis- palches from lhe front loday said lhe Germans had Ihrown new air unils, motorized infantry 'outfits and tank detachments into I h c • baltle for mastery of the Upper Donets river 15 miles east of Khar- kov, and that the tremendous pressure of the new forces in the last; few hours had caused the Russian line to yield slightly in the Chuguev sector. The Nazis succeeded in throwing infantrymen across the river in some sectors, but ultimately they were hurled back, while tanks attempting the crossing crashed through the thinning ice, Russian dispatches said. "In the district of Chuguev fierce battles continued," the Soviet loon communique declared. "The' enemy brought up fresh forces of nfanlry and tanks in attacks on our positions. "The fighters of 'X' unit repulsed he attacks of the Hillcriles, damaged five lanks and killed up lo 400 Germans soldiers and officers. "As a result of the bailies in only one scclor were enemy lanks able slighlly lo press back our de- lachmcnls." Russian fliers, however, smashed at German transport, the commu- nique said, destroying or damaging about 100 trucks hauling men and supplies. This furnished an indication here that the Germans were depending in this sector on highway travel rather than by rail, although west of Kharkov they are supposed to have railroads in operation. The dispatches did not say, how heavy, lhe; jGermanreinjprcemenls assaults on the Russian lines both from the air and on land are perhaps as furious as anything they have attempted in Russia since they tried to take Stalingrad and Voronezh. New gains in the drive for Smo- lensk were reported, with, a' Red Army column smashing westward along the Vyazma - Smolensk railway to seize more towns west of Izdeshkovo, 25 miles west of Vyazma, capture of which was announced last night. North of the main rail line, the Russian forces were seeking to widen their salients on the west bank of the upper Dnieper rivec, and killed about 300 of the enemy in one engagement, the noon com- munique said. About 800 German officers and men were slain by Marshal Timo- shenko's legions beating their way forward toward Staraya R u s s a, south of Lake Ilmen, it was an- nouncsd, with several more ages taken in the advance. some effect on popular opinion there and it is fell here that Robert may soon be obliged cither to join forces with Giraud or relinquish his post lo somebody else perhaps General Bullet. State Makes Payment on Road Refunding Li tile Rock, March 19 — iff") — A crv of protest went I The rirsl Principal payment on Ar_ r kunsHK' SISfi '«n 557 SB hiulm'nv prisoners. up from the women. Dozens of panic - stricken passengers were said to have jumped into the water. Many of them died. The ship sank within 15 minutes with some of the passengers ap- parenily still aboard. According to one of the ship's crew the submarine was Italian, but Us identity was not definitely established. It was recalled, however, lhat lhe Rome radio announced on March 5 lhe sinking of a Brazilian vessel. The survivors reached here several days ago. Mr. Roosevelt gave no indication as to when or whore the conferences might be held, but he indicated invitations already have gone out to the United Nalions for a food parley. He said he hoped it would not be held in Washington and thai he had four or five olher smaller spols in mind in Ihis counlry. Once before, lhe presidenl has expresstd a veiw that a smaller cases of public waste simply because of inattention: Once there was a city council which paid fire insurance on an all- slcel flagpole. In another city there was a WPA swimming pool, and a paid swimming instructor—although Ihc pool had been dry for several years. Another group of public officials spent $29.80 traveling to and from a certain public building to view a certain screen door which had a hole in it—and finally decided to patch it- One state had a rabbit farm— a worth-while idea, except that the net cost of each rabbit raised was $70. "These items scorn trivial," Mr. row. Typical prices shippers can charge at shipping points will be: for cabbage, $4.25 for 100 - pound sack; spinach, $1.40 a bushel; carrots, crates of six dozen bunches, $3; snap beans, $4.50 for a 30 - pound hamper. These prices are for firsl quality vegetables. Margins arc fixed in the order for all handlers of Ihc vegclables, which means wholesalers and retailers will be assigned maximum limits they may charge on these vgcetabcs. OPA's regiona office said the order was designed to reeicve wholesalers and retailors of a price squeeze between buying and selling prices. i N.i previous similar order on ves- j etabcs has been issued for lhe six stale region. i Little Rock, March 19 — (/I 1 ) — School districts over the stale will hold annual elections tomorrow to name directors and decide on school millage for the coming year. Districts are authorized to vote up to 18 mills property lax for school purposes. The amount of millage voted determines the extent to which the district will share in the common school fund. In connection with the election, lhe Education Department called atlenlion to a little - publicized act of the 1943 legislature providing for filling vacancies in cases of directors who leave for the armed services. The measure provided for temporary appoinlmcnls until the end of the departed directors' terms or until their return to civil life. Where only one vacancy on a board of directors existed the place would be filled by the other directors and where more than one existed the replacements w o u I d vill- , place is more desirable for an im- j Stahl continued, "bill you musl re-j $136,330,557.29 highway I porlanl meeting, oiling the success j member there are 175,000 spending debt was in the mails today. The I O f his talks with Prime Minister units in the United States; and u be made by the county education. board of debt was refunded by Ihe 1941 legislature. Stale Treasurer Earl Page sent New York and St. Louis paying agents warrants totaling $2,788.557 Winston Churchill al Casablanca. While a tentative date has been picked fo the food discussions, Mr. Roosevelt would not specify principal and $2,191,871.50 esl on April 1 maturities. I the one in mind. 11 is expected lo j war." 10 per cent cut in the budgcl of each would mean a net national saving of 2 billion dollars. That would buy a lot of bombs for the Treasury Balances Draw Good Interest Many Ask Petition on Anti-Violence Bill /Pi — ! receiving $250 interest a day on its Little Rock, March 19 — i/Ti— Re- Validity of Trailer License Fee Is Probed Little Rock, March 19 — Labor spokesmen declared today petitions to refer lhe 1943 Abington j anti - violence picketing bill lo the To Name Inductees Little Rock, March 19 — lAM—Only j names of selectees accepted for I induction wiil be made public by . , . .local draft boards under new se- A reliable informant said 123 per- i i ccUve scrv ji; e regulations an- mcluding many women and nouiic-.-d today by Brig. Gen. E. L. Compere. Previously boards made public lists of all men called for induction sons, children, missin had been listed Salted peanuts first appeared on the market in 1UU7. • Arkansan Missing inter- j \.uk e place, however, within two , months. j Among those most pleased by | the British foreign minister's plea] F'ayelloville. March 19 — (/Pi — | hold H in abeyance unlil il was were Ihe originalors of a Senale Mrs.'Elmer Powers, Faycllevillc, j voled on. Deadline for filing is was notified by the War Depart-I June 11. Secrelary of Slale C. G. menl today lhal her brolher, LI. ; Hall .said only 5,933 resolution to bring the United Na lions logelher on broad war and Wilchcr C. Slolls, has been listed ! would be required to place a re- peace problems. Mr. Roosevelt commented he is . as missing in act j 0 n in lhe North not cool toward the resolution and I African area since Feb. 22. thai he has endorsed ils broad | 19-11 general election would be cir- I culalcd next week. I Referral of the measure would signatures principles. American farmers cultivated at- before they were examined and most four million acres of peanuts some rejected. | in 19-12. ferred act on the ballot. The total is six per cent of the 98,971 votes casl for governor at the 1942 general election. present investmenl of $3,065,319.99 of slale treasury balances. The interest earning was disclosed in connection with an announcement by the Stale Investment Board it would meel April 10 to invest up lo $2,500.000 in additional treasury balances in slale or government bonds. The board decided it would in- i vest only half of lhe authorised $5,- 4 !> Liltlc Rock, March 19 —(/PjRev- cnue Commissioner Murray B. McLeod said today his deparlment was exploring the legal possibilities of enforcing the factory - rates capacity system of trailer license fees in view of refusal of the legislature to adopt a pay - load basis. He has estimated that the state was losing approximately $450,000 a year revenue from truck and trailer license fees .under the present system. Trailer manufacturers have acknowledged in letters to the department lhat they have purposely rated down capacities of trucks sold in Arkansas "because they said they couldn't sell them otherwise," McLcod said. Under the factory - rated system, trailers with the lower capacity take the lower license fee rates. "We believe thai we can legally force the trailer manufacturers to i funding Supervisor Frank Storey | rate the trailers at their proper | Jr.. said today that Arkansas was | capacity," the revenue commissioner said, "bul we want to be cer tain of the proper procedure before we take any aclion." Recent associated press stories recounted how Stotts.a former University uf Arkansas student, twice escaped from the Germans after j It is estimated that there are his tank destroyer unit apparently 80,500,000 persons qualified lo vote hud been implied. I in Ihc United Negro Executed at Tucker Prison Farm Tucker Prison Farm, March 10 —(/P)—Adolph Thomas, 40-year - old Columbia county Negro who received three slays .. of execution 000,000 in view of predicted declin- | while authorities tested his sanity, ing revenues. The recent legisla- I was executed here loday for the lure authorized investment of 65 | slaying of Levi Young, another Ne- per cent of the average daily cash | gro. last September 20. balances for investmenl purposes, i Warden Lee H e n s 1 e c said This figured $8,826,000 and Ihc i Thomas made no statement as he board already has $3,0135,319.99 of was placed in the elcclric chair it invested. at G:1U a.m.
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