Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 18, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
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Thursday, March 18, 1943
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Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope Star <i* The Weather Arkansas: Colder tonight and in extreme north portion this afternoon; showers and local thunderstorms tonight and in northwest portion this afternoon. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 131 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MARCH 18, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press • NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Americans Retake Gafsa Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Something to Holler About War makes monkeys out of essayists as well as other men of logical mind and settled habits. Looking over the current issue of Imperial Type Metal magazine I find that Editor | William Feather, searching for something to complain about, , 4 \vrote the following: Battles Indicate Start of Nazi . Sub Campaign Washington, March 13 — (/Pt — Running bullies between submarine pucks and convoy ships indicated today that Germany has ,. launched her expected mass U-boat '^campaign against Allied shipping in the North AUanlic. From bolh sides of the ocean came reports of furious clashes with ihcse results: 1. At least three U-boats were • sunk and many others probably damaged by Allied escort vessels and the RAF during a 72-hour bal- tlc lust month. The British admiralty's announcement, mude in London, said the convoy "did nol cs- .,|Cupe without loss" but gave no details '.n this connection. 2. The Coast Guard cutter Campbell rammed, shelled and sank one big enemy submarine and depth- bombed five others in a furious ..-j fight with an undersea Wolf pack about three weeks ago. The Navy said Ihe Campbell was damaged but she reached port with the aid of other vessels. News ot Ihe bailies, which ap- i . parcnlly were separate., actions, <$ came 24 hours after a joint announcement by London, Ottawa and Washington that a master plan had been worked out lo combat U-boat warfaic. The Germans have been expected to turn loose *»tho full fury of their undersea raiders in a desperate effort to choke off American supplies for an European invasion. The Campbell's feat was the most, dramatic account, of anti-sub- ^niarina warfare yet released by the °*Navy. Heretofore, with Ihc exception of a few laconic announce mcnts, the Navy has preserved silence on the grim struggle out in the AUanlic. The 2,000 Ion Campbell drove 3) four submarines below Ihc surface by running full lilt at them and helped a corvette engage another U-boat, with inconclusive results, before she sighted her sixlh target. "Steering a collision course for jfctho Nazi* sub," the Navy related, "the cutter bore down upon it and continued on ils path until the U- boul was so close that the Campbell's gun fire hud to be dsicon- tinucd. The enemy sub was dealt f a glancing blow by the cutler. i '*' "As the sub drifted free of the cutler following Ihc collision, Ihe culler's guns resumed firing, and gol off several rounds at point! blank range. The Campbell's offi- .! cers could see the sub shudder ( !j A from the impact of the exploding 1 shells." They then watched the big submarine slowly setllc and sink stern first. Commander James A. Hirshfield, () -,40, of San Antonio, Tex., was the "only one aboard the cutter who was wounded. He was hit by u piece of flying metal but continued to direct his ship. The collision left the culler with { u 12 foot rip in her side below the *>' At water line but she was towed to an east coast port for repairs. British, American and Fightnig French escort ships and RAF Li- beraiors and Sunderlunds took part in the battle announced by London. U d% The first U-boat destroyed was "' sighted by the former American destroyer Beverly, which forged it to dive The British destroyer Vimy then blasted it back lo the surface with depth charges and both dc- stroycrs opened fire, sinking H. 1 d) Forty nine of the U-boats's crew were rescued from the water. Four of (hern died later. The Beverly, with 40 of the German prisoners below deck, chased | and engaged five other U boats f gs during the battle that continued the "'following two days and nights. Other escort ships helping repulse repeated attacks by the submarine pack were the U.S destroyer Babbit 1, the 1 ighting French corvette Lobelia and the H) British corvettes. HMS Mignonette, Abelia and Campanula. The admiralty called it "It seems lo me that half the individual coffee pots in use in clubs and rcslauranls in this i;reat nation arc so leaky or badly designed that a good part of the contents finds its way lo the tablecloth, no matter how skillfully the utensils are handled. "I have been noticing this for a good many years, but have Icl il go without comment because another soiled tablecloth or swallow of coffee was no- Ihing in my life. "No longer, however, can unnecessary waste go unnoticed. "When the war is over we must have a law banishing cracked china cups and pols. The silver pols that won't pour without spilling must be turned into scarp and their designers shunted into some other occupation." That's what the essayisl wrote— and how foolishly. Mere he has noted coffee being wasted all these years because of faulty pols and cups but he says nothing about it until this sad day when busted pots and cups and soiled tablecloth are still here but the coffee's gone! Why holler about scrapping the present design of coffee cups and sending the designers out to dig ditch? The fact is that maybe by the lime the war is over we will have lost the most important thing Patterson Asks Passage of Bill to Draft Labor —Washington Washington, March 18 (IP)— Undersecretary ot War Robert P. Patterson appealed today for prompt enactment of a civilian service draft law to "mitigate the loss of life on the fighting front" and per- I mil "a more equitable distribution of burdens" at home. Adpoiion ot the Austin Wadsworth bill to draft men and women inio war production jobs, he told the Senate Military committee, will be "bad news in Berlin and Tokyo" and good news to our Allies. Describing the war as "a fight for existence which is far from won, " Patterson said the United Stales is the only one of the prin- j cipal belligerents without a system of universal war service. "If it is Democratic to lap a man on the shoulder and send him to fight Ihe Japs in a New Guinea jungle," he asked, "can it be undemocratic to select a man or a woman to load shells, work on an airplane or stay on a farm?" Patterson added he believed the Democratic way is lo "recognize the equality in obligation of all lo serve on the firing line or in the shop or on the farm in the way that will best serve the na- Uon." "It should not be possible," he emphasized, "for some to say, 'I do not choose to serve." He con- Today's War Map NAZI-HILD AREA RETAKIN IN PAST ""* BY GERMANS 11 Gen. Patfon New U. S. Chief in Tunisia Area tinned: "I (irmly believe that not until there is imposed on every man INtA Tclcmop) Today's war map pictures the Russian drives on Smolensk and the area retaken by the Germans in the south portion of Russia. of all—the coffee-drinkers them-1 and woman the equal obligation lo I solves render service in Ihe war effort, Back in our ancient Anglo-Amer : will this country make the all-out j war effort which is necessary and of which we arc capbalo." Broad revision of legislation to draft civilians for war industry appeared imminent loday lo assure more women workers in Ihc older age group and also to soothe opposition of organized labor. As congresnal efforts to deal with growing manpower porblcms sent to the House a Scnale - approved bill deferring essential farm workers from bearing arms, sponsors of the Auslin-Wudsworlh national service proposal indicated \\ general overhauling is in prospect. Meanwhile talk of limiting the size of the armed forces was renewed by Senator Nye (R-NDl. "The War Department is attempting to raise an Army of more than 3,000,000 including the Army Air Force, but I personally believe a figure of around 5,000,000 men would be ample to do the job," Nye said, adding lhal no definite figure had yet been agreed upon nor ihe particular from the proposed legislation would take. "11 is a case of cfficeinl use of manpower," Nye continued. "My own thought is that, if we have an eventual army of 3,000,000 men overseas, we should nol need more than 2,000,000 additional in training in this country for replacement purposes." lean civilization there used to be an icirloom known as the crockery beer-mug •?•-.-. now as dead :as a buggy's whip-socket. -Who knows . . . perhaps a dozen years from now the aging housewife will dust off a strang-looking piece ot china on the side-board and say, "Grandson, lhal used lo be known as a coffee-cup." Americans Bag 2 Jap Planes in Kiska Raid Washington March 18 — (/P) — American bombers blasted the Japanese submarine base at K i s k a island, in the Aleutians, three times Tuesday, the Navy reported mzgkjy, and in afourth action American fighter planes shot down two enemy aircraft and probably destroyed two others. Tuesday was the second successive day of multiple raids on Kiska, six heavy attacks having been previously reported for Monday. Navy communique, number 316: "North Pacific: "1. On March 16th United States Army aircraft carried out the following attacks on Japanese in- slalHuions and aircraft at Kiska: "(A) During the morning, Liberator heavy bombers (Consolidated B - 24) and Mitchell medium bombers (North American B-25) supported by Lightning Fighters (Lockheed P - 38i bombed the main camp area and the submarine base. Mils were observed in Big Tank Fight As Reds Hold Nazis in Donets Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 18 —(/P) — Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton, 57 - year- old offensive - minded American armored force specialist, succeeded Maj. Gen. Lloyd R. Fredendall as commander of United Stales troops on the Western Tunisian front, Gen. Dwight D. Eiseuhow- er's headquarters announced formally today. I (Dispatches from the front said the change became known generally there yesterday and indicated it had laken place earlier, after Field Marshal Rommel's February offensive Ihrough Kasserine (pass.) General Patlon, called "Blood and Guts" .as one of the most offensive - minded generals of the army, is regarded here as the outstanding American armored force executive since the death of Maj. Gen. Adna R. Chaffee in August, 1941. (This dispatch did not bring out immediately the new assignment of General Fredendall who was in command of American troops in western Tunisia at the .imc of the Axis breakthrough in command of American troops in nid - February and the subsequent Allied counteroffensive.) General Patton, who commanded American forces in the Mooccor- anding when Africa was invaded, is colorful in speech and action. Before the Morocco landing, his order of the day read: "We shall attack and attack un- Encounter Little Trouble in 3O Mile Advance —Europe both target areas. "(B) During Ihc early afternoon, Icght Lightniixgs engaged eight enemy planes in the vicinity of Kiska. Two of the enemy planes were shot down and an additional two were probably destroyed. "(C) Later in the afternoon Liberators, Mitchells and Light- nings again attacked the enemy submarine base and other installations. A large fire was slarled in Ihe camp area. "(Di Slill later in the afternoon, i group of Mitchells again at- acked and scored bomb hils on the submarine base. "Soulh Pacific: (All dales are east longitude.) Ruling Asked on Validity of Ragon Act By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, March 18 —(/P)—A titanic tank struggle, with a. German air umbrella of Junkers dive bombers met by hurtling Soviet Stormoviks trying to knock out the German armor, was being waged loday in the northern Donets river valley, but the Russians reported their lines refused lo give before the masses of tanks hurled against them. (The German high command, in a communique broadcast by Ihc Berlin radio and recorded by Ihc Associated Press, said the Germans were on the offensive hroughout the sector from Khar- kov to Kursk, inflicting "extrcmo- y heavy losses" on the Russians. ("Enemy forces encircled southeast of Kharkov have been anni- lilatcd with the exception of small remnants," il said. "Soveil relief attempts were frustrated with ncavy losses for the enemy." (Soulh of Orel, midway between Kharkov and Moscow, the Germans said the Russians yesterday "renewed their attack on a wide front" in several waves which "collapsed with heavy losses for the enemy." It claimed 110 Soviet tanks were destroyed. (Northwest of Moscow, south of _,akc Urn en, the Russians were retried lo have stormed German josilions again but the commun- quc said, the attacks were in vain.) Far northwest of Kharkov, in ,he area west ot Scvsk, and along a battle line cast of Kharkov and extending clown into the Donets jasin ihe Germans were said lo be concentrating their reserves and tanks against narrow sectors, striving violently to break through toward cities and towns still held by the Russians. On Ihc central batllcfronl, the Russians were reported swooping down upon scores of settlements south of Bely and were said to be shaping a wide attack on a stretch of the Vyazma-Smolensk railway in the drive lo fashion a pincers about the key base at Smolensk. Much of the fighting was said to be west of the Dnieper river headwaters. On the northwestern front Marshal Timoshcnko's men continued their offensive directed at Stura- ya Russa, Soviet advices said. (The Berlin radio, in a broadcast ncard in London by Reuters, said Russian tanks, infantry and airborne troops had launched an encircling a Hack on Slaruya Russa and had "made one small breach in the German line.") til we are exhausted and then we shall attack again." Patlon has been quoted as saying of his expressed desire to meet German Field Marshal Rommel in individual tank combat: "The two armies could watch. I'd be in one tank, Rommel in another. I,d shoot at him; h,ed shoot at me. If I killed him, I'd be champ. If he killed me well, he won't." Patton served in the Mexican war and in a period of the World War as an aide to General Pcrsh- ing. His early experiences in tank warfare caused him to be cntrust- dc later with the task of training an American lank corps in the California desert for the current African fighting. He believes in leading men personally into baltlc and keeps two tanks with him always for his own personal use. Enlisted men of his tank divisions worship him. He is noted for his violent, bloody speeches. Beverage Tax to Be Split on Priority Basis Little Rock, March 18 — (ff>) — Comptroller J. Bryan Sims announced today that henceforth the revenue from alcohol beverage taxes would be distributed on a stFict priority basis in view of the declining taxes and failure of the 1943 legislature to provide for monthly distrbiutions. The effect will be that departments or functions on the tail end of the priority list set up by the 1941 Bakcr-Lovett tax law will receive no funds if revenues fall off substantially. Sims said that while the monthly distribution clause was left off the Baker-Lovett law by error, the revenue department had been distributing the orpyolpoil nertaxate revenue department had been distributing the tax proportionately each month to about 18 participants because revenues were more than sufficient to meet all primary re- quirments. Th change in dsilribution will have no effect this fiscal year ending June 30 since revenues already lave eone over the $2,316,355 mark But Sims prdicted revenues dur- ng 1943-44 would be down substan tially in view of limited liquoi stocks. —Africa By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 18 —(A 1 )—United States; troops led by Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton, newly named commani der of American forces on the Tunisian front, have recaptured Gafsa after a 30 - mile drive and pressed on beyond that rail city and air base toward the Gabes-,, bottleneck, it was announced 'today. Only a few hours were required " for reoccupation of the town which had been abandoned by Allied troops in the face of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's abortive mid-February offensive. A communique said .little oppos- tion was encountered and U. S. atrols, assisted by Mobile French units and guarded by Allied aerial squadrons, drove after the retreat- ng Germans into the area of El" uelar, 12 miles to the southeas.t Gafsa lies 85 miles northwest of labes, a major supply port for Marshal Rommel's forces in the Mareth line zone, and restores the Allied threat to his rear. The appointment of General Patton, 57-year-old tank specialist, to succeed Maj. Gen. Lloyd R. Fredendall as U. S. commander be r came known at the front only yesterday and was formally an- 'one of the greatest bullies of Ihc winter between Naval escorts of a convoy and U-boats. * Panama lias an area square miles, slightly larger than the slate of Maine. of 34.00C Little Rock, March 18 — (/P) — Revenue Commissioner Murray B. McLeod asked the attorney general today for a ruling on validity of the 1043 Ragon acl lo eliminate double - state income taxes. His request was prompted by the fact Ihe 1943 law had no repealing I clause that would do away with any conflicting provisions in prior income tax laws. The Rugon act was a separate measure making no attempt to amend other tax laws. The statute exempts income earned in other stales from Ihc Arkansas lax provided Ihe lax- payer exhibits proof lhal the levy has been paid in the state where "2. During the night of March ' il wa " eimled - Iin claiming the ex 16th - 17lh. Liberator h c a v y bombers carried out minor attacks on Japanese positions at Munda and Vila in the central Solomons and al Kahili and Ballale in the Shortland Island urea. Results were not observed." Ouachito Memorial Arkadelphiu, March 18 — l/P)— A memorial will be established at Otiuchita College to the late Mrs. Fannie B. Wilson of Monlicello who lefl .approximately $28,000 to the j x'The revenue commissioner also institution. President J. R. Grant ' said the college trustees would determine what the memorial would be. U. S. automotive plants engaged i war production number 986. Adkins Pays Debt to Gov. Sam Jones Little Rock, March 18 (/Pi— Gov. Sam H. Jones of Louisiana may be a litllc hard pul to find a use for it in Baton Rouge but he is going to gel 10 pounds of Arkansas bauxite ore. Ho wagered Gov. Honier M. Adkins of Arkansas 10 pounds of Louisiana sulphur against the bauxite that his state would outstrip Arkansas in scrap metal collections in 1942. Adkins accepted when Jones threw in enough blackstrap molasses to mix the well - known southern spring Ionic. Louisiana collecled 109.6 per cenl of ils scrap quota, Arkansas 61.3 per cenl and Adkins is prepraing lo send Ihe bau- xile lo Baton Rouge. Adkins said he would also send all other southern governors paperweights made from the ore. Bauxite is the mineral from which alumina — principal ingredient of aluminum — is refined. WAAC Graduates Little Rock, March 18 — (/Pi — Three Arkansas graduates of the sixlh WAAC officer class at Fort Dos Moines, la., have been commissioned lieutenants. They included Pauline May Upshaw, of Hunt- Pitch was an early term for as- I ington, WAAC recruiting h c a d- Negro Back After Years of Freedom nounced today. Accompanying the disclosure of the Gafaa drive were reports if improvement in the British Eighth Army's positions Tuesday night and yesterday in the northern see-, tor of the Mareth line front. Cummins Prison Farm, March 18 (/I 1 ) — Fingerprints laken when he applied for a war job brought Will Hall, 58-year-old Negro convict back to the stale penitentiary today after 54 years of freedom. Supl. Tom Cogbill returned the Negro lo Ihe prison from Green- I ville, Miss., where he was arrested. The FBI discovered thai Hall's fingerprints jobcd with those of an Arkansas convict who , escaped from the state prison 24 years ago. Patlon, nominated as a lieutenant a week ago today by Prcsdienl Roosevelt, is a veteran of 30 years in the Army. He served as aide to General Pershing on the Mexican ex- podilion prior lo World War I and was in charge of Ihe headquarters outfit of the first AEF ship to Europe in that conflict. He won the Distinguished Service Medal for forming and leading Ihe First American tank unit into battle in France and earlier this year received the Oak Leaves decoration to thai award from General Eisenhower for his work in Ihe North African campaign. Poisoning Kills Three Negroes, 3 Others Poisoning, believed to have resulted from food, proved fatal to 3 negro children late lust night and 3 others are in a serious condition loduy in a local hospital. Motorists in East to Get More Gasoline Washington, March 18 — (/P) — starting Monday, eastern motorists can drive for fun again, as fur as their gasoline will take them — but for the luckless "A" book- holders, at least, that won't be very far. And what gas they get may cost them more. Dealer pleas for price increases, driver pleas for more coupons and official pleas for revival of car- sharing plans chorused today in the wake of yesterday's Office of Price Administration order cutting Ihe "A" bookholder's weekly ra- Uon roughly from about 3 to 12 gallons and lifting the pleasure driving ban. The same day the order — applying only to the east coast — is effective, a group of independent retail gasoline dealers from eastern cities is expected to ask OPA for an increase in the price ceiling. A spokesman for the Washington dealers said he planned lo call them together, adding that the curtailed ration would trim sales volume further and force many small dealers out of business unless the margin increased. Some specuiat on was aroused by the wording oi the OPA announcement which said merely instead of would. If Ihe coupons must last the entire lour months — as the order was generally interpreted — it would effect a 50 per cent slash in the "A" bookholder's ration. However, the OPA announcement set no specific expiration dale for Ihe coupons, giving rise lo conjee lure as lo whether officials expected the supply situation to case on Qerman radio repor'ts "the" Eighth Army had launched an offensive. Under the protecting cover of American Mitchells, Spitfires and Airacobras, American troops entered Gafsa at 12:30 p.m., yesterday. Immediately after occupying the city, General Patton's troops pushed southeastward some six miles to the Djcbcl Rehariz ?md the village ot Lalla and continued on toward El Guctar. Airmen wrought heavy damage on the retreating German columns. The advance placed one on the most offensive - minded generals in the United Stales Army and revenge-seeking Americans troops ind armored units which were described here as "a strong force'* ess than 65 miles from the eastern tip of the vast salt marshes hat channel Rommel's communications along the coastal planes. Road demolitions and elaborate nine fields slowed the'-pursuers. Field dispatches disclosed /the first U. S. Infantry Division was n action on this front, Simultaneously came official word that the Tirst Armored Division and 34lh Infantry Division were According to Hcmpstcad county ! somewhat within the four months. authorities the G negro children, their ages ranging from 14 months to 11 years, had been living alone However, in the absence of any official statement to that effect, immediate run on ration boards foi emption, the taxpayer must first comp'Jteh is gross incomes from all stales, then deduct earned and or in other states. The Byrd amendment to the bill exempted from the Arkansas tax "all income which arises fro m use, production or sale or real es- j late situated in any other state or territory but owned by a resident of Arkansas." The amendment also made this provision retroactive to taxes on 1942 incomes payble this year. x'The revenue commii ssonrca sh in a house about 25 miles south of I supplementary coupons was pre- Hopc since Uisl Friday. Their | dieted. Attention was called to Records showed that Hall was ] mother, Beatrice Jones, had been 1 previous estimate lhat some sent up for four years from Mon- ! in Hope since Friday of lasl week | 40 per cent of industrial workers roe county on a grand larceny ! and did not return until Wednes- • w ho motor to their jobs hold only "A" books — which indicated some 2.000.000 of them probably would be in line for supplementary ra- lions. In Ihis regard, OPA said "A" i ut: LIJUIIIV un ci gictiiu acucirii,) j charge .He had served Iwo years j day. of his lime when he escaped. asked for rulings whether the amendment was discriminatory and .whether it could be made retroactive. pluili, the solid form of. oil quarters here announced. Negro Slayer to Die Tomorrow Litlle Rock, March 18 i/Pi The governor's office announced i today lhat Adolph Thomas, 40-year- old Columbia county Negro, will be- executed us scheduled tomorrow morning. Thomas has received three stays from Governor Adkins since Dec. 18 was originally set for his death. He was sentenced to the electric chair for slaying another Negro. After the firsl slay of execution, ThomHS was examined at the State hospital and declared sane. Ancient Perisan kings slept in rooms air • conditioned with ice: Officials suid the children were left practically without food and u search of tliL'ir house revealed only u handful of homemade corn meal. Their meal on Saturday consisted a be allowed the extra coupons short rabbit killed by one of the older ly under revised regulations. boys and dressed by a neighbor. • .»•»•officers said. Neighbors bringing food to the children lute Monday found all in a very serious condition. They were brought to a local hospital late! the also operating in the area, although they did not take part in the recapture of Gafsa. Uniled States Milchcll bombers which look off at dawn laid down a barrage ot explosives on. 'Axis (Continued on Page Two) Fulbright Is Pleased Over Post-War Bill Washington, March 18 (/It —Representative Fulbright (D Ark.) in an interview this week said he was "delighted" over the introduction in the Senate of a resolution calling for a post - war international organization to keep the peace. Fulbright called the resolution "tremendously significant" and said: "Next winning the war, I think the formation of a post - war international political organization is the most difficult and important bookholders who drive to work will Problem facing not only this country, but all civilized peoples. The resolution is sponsored Two Small Children Burn to Death Hazcn, March 18 I/Pi — Mr. yesterday. Two boys, Lonnie aged | and Mrs. R. E. Williams' two 11. Lcud aged 9, and a girl. Queen Eslc'i-. uged 5, died during the night. The remaining three children arc younger and are believed to be recoverning. Hcmpstcad county coroner R. V. Hcrndon. Jr.. and Sheriff Frank Hill are investigating the case and nu verdict was available today. No arreats have been rnude. children, Billy, four, and Bobby, two, burned to death late yesterday when fire destroyed the family's barn on the FSA project al Biscoe. Officers theorized youngsters were ' playing mutches in Ihc burn. the with Italian 1011. troops seized Libyu in by Senators Hill (D - Ala.), Hatch iD - MM), Burton (R - Ohio) and Ball (R - Minn.). Fulbright commented on the fact that the Senate passed the lend - lease extension bill unanimously, and the House passed it 407 to 6. Of ihe six who opposed il in the House, Fulbright continued, three were from Ohio and three from Michigan. "The "creative war" speech that Fulbright made in New York on Feb. 27 was reprinted in full in the congressional record this week at ihe request of the Democratic leader of the House, Mc- Cosmach of Massachusetts. I)

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