Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 17, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 17, 1943
Page 1
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Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 130 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 17, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press iNEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY oviets Advance in North Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor —ALEX. H. WASHBURN— The Miners Bring a Showdown Inflation Cancels All Wages The demand of John L. Lewis' soft coal miners for a wage Anti-Sabotage Laws to Be Improved Washington, March 17 (/I 1 ) — Fearful lest innocent citizens face prosecution unfairly, the House Rules committee held up for further study today legislation to lighten the anti-sabloagc laws and to impose the dcalft penalty for offenses against the national safely. Recommended by the Justice Department and approved by the jii- ;.'. , .,.,. . in A i — 3 i'«" "num. iina approved oy me ju- I increase ot 3>2 a day caused Price Administrator Brown to sayidiciary committee, the legislation, 'at a consumers' meeting in Milwaukee yesterday that grant- ' ..__._ i f ' i if.iii .1 r. . '. _/. .." r\g such demands "will lose the fight against inflation". ® Allied Airmen Unable to Find .Enemy Convoy Allied Headquarlrs in Australia. March 17 Allied planes struck widely at enemy sea transport and bases yesterday in Ihe developing battle of the island fringes l^uound Australia where the Jupa• ttcse are reporting concentrating , ! lioups. *~ General MucArlhur's airmen J seeking to finish off a three - ship 4 Japanese troop convoy which was •jatlackcd Ihc previous day while ^headed for Dobo, in Ihe Aroe is- ilands 500 miles north of Darwin. ifi cporlcd, however, Ihey could find fno trace of the vessels in a search \ot Ihc wcsl coasl of Ihe Aroes and ;thc south coast of New Guinea. \Jf "We don't know where the con- ! voy went, but it didn't reach Do- •bo," a headquarters spokesman j^said. $ Two of the ships in the convoy ipicviously had been reported heav- damaged by direct bomb hils and severe casuallics were said lo ^havc been infliclcd on enemy troops ^ciowding the decks. Allied headquarters made no fclaim lliat Ihe vessels had been ;unk, and Ihe failure of rcconnais- iah'co,'p'lahtS' to'find "ariy debris ycs- rftcrday gave no evidence lo support •jsuch a claim. Iff While the search for the convoy y-Wiis pressed, Allied medium bornb- jjcis hammered home attacks on ^JDobo, scoring hils on barracks, , tents and a radio station, today's ^communqiue said. Three luggers /also were reported bombed and '?sunk near Wokam, a small island in -r^'tlie Dobo area. _, Heavy bombers dodged a hail of jFJanli-aircrufl fire to attack three !'„ medium-sized Japanese merchant ."" shpis off Cape Vandcnbusch, d Dutch New Guinea, bul were \in- r* able lo observe the results of their £ work, the communique said. yC5 A-20 Havoc attack - bombers lived $f up to their name in a tree-lop raid t,i on Ihe Japanese base at Salamaua, New Guinea, selling four fires I among Ihe enemy's dwindling fuel supply. The fires were later ob['(*!served to have merged into a sin^ glc conflagration visible 20 miles <• away. A lone Flying Fortress on reconnaissance over Ubili, New Britain, i drove off an atlack by a twin-en# gine enemy bomber and shot it ilfl.iming and exploding into Ihc sea ' Ihc communique said. i There was no mention of losses l' to Allied planes. [} Franco Says War to Be a Long One Madrid, March 17 — (/I 1 ) — Gen. Francisco Franco lold the Cortes today mat objectives of the World «Wur were changed with the entry ''• of Russia and thai Ihe struggle Said Brown: "If that wage increase lakes place there is nothing for the more conservative minded labor leaders — men like Phillip Murray, who bus supported the present program, and William Green, who has also stood by it —to i.o but follow the lead and attempt to gel great increases for their people." And there's more too il than just the mu Her of labor's wage. Tncrc arc the farmers of America, disgrulled over the facl that labor costs have risen faster and farther than commodity prices— not to mention the host of middle-class folk working for salaries, who are already penalized because the rising price of labor has increased the cosl of living so that their salary dollars buy less and less. What inflation means is graphically lold by the pamphlet of Hint title recently issued by the Office of War Information. Discussing the case of a cup of coffee which during the inflationary period in Germany rose to the fantastic price of 50 billion dollars, the OW1 pamphlet continues: "We don't believe anyone is going to charge 50 billion dollars for a cup of coffee here and got away with il. Of course not. Before anything like that could happen in the United States we should have to be like Germany in the early 1920's —defeated, morally and politically exhausted and financially bankrupt. That won't happen here. But that doesn't mean we can laugh off the threat of inflation. "A 5-ccnl cup of coffee will never go to 50 billion dollars, but it could easily rise lo 15 or 25 cents, and be hard lo gel at that. Sensible men in and out of the government who are not given to hysteria think it is quite possible that the cost of living might double or even quadruple if we muff Hie bull on inflation. . . "People living on wages might gel more wages, but the chances arc that the cost of living would rise faster. Workers living on fixed wages— teachers, firemen, policemen— and people with savings, invcsl- mcnls, pensions .insurance would be particularly hard hit. Think what il would mean to Ihe millions of holders of social security cards lo find when their old-age pensions came clue that they cuuld buy only one- quarter of what they should buy. It would just mean the difference between social security and no security at all. So inflation is everybody's baby." known as "the war security act," crew largely out of the arrest and execution lasl year of cighl Nazi agents who slipped into Ihe Uniled States by submarine. At a preliminary hearing ycslcr- day, some Rules committee members expressed fear the legislation was so broadly drawn il could be used for persccuton as well as for proscculon. "This language is entirely loo broad," Rep. Dies (D-Tcx.) said. "II should be made more specific." DeGaulle May Go to Algiers for Conference AI9iers, March 17 — (ff>) — Gen Henri Giraud issued decrees tonight repealing 62 discrmiinatory laws imposed by Vichy against the Jews, restoring elective municipal assemblies and giving back offices and jobs to those removed because they were free Masons. The North African commander in chief also placed native born Jews and Arabs on the same bases by repealing the Cremieux decree. Sky Stowaway U. S. Allows Jap Citizens to Join Army Washington, March 17 (/!')— A number of Japanese - Americans from the ten relocation centers already have boon approved by the War Department as volunteers for Ihe Army combat team lo be composed entirely of American cilizens of Japanese ancestry, officials disclosed today. Induction of Ihcse men inlo the Army may have started, Ihey said, bul lliere arc no reports yet that any of them aclually are in uniform. However, large numbers have applied for service wilh Ihe combat team, and the applications are being reviewed as rapidly as possible. The combat team is open to any American citizen of Japanese ancestry between Ihe ages of 18 and 38. Applicalions for voluntary induction are made lo the local Selective Service boards 'nearest the relocation centers, and each applicant is investigated thoroughly before Ihe War Department approves his induction. It requires from 30 to GO days lo complete the process of approval and induct the volunteer. The men will be scnl to various Army reception centers, then will be assgicd lo a single replacement training center — as yet not announced — where they will receive their basic military traming. As announced hist month, when President Roosevelt approved its organ- London, March 17 — (/I 1 ) — The French National committee announced loday Gen. Charles de Gaulle was expected lo leave shortly for Algiers to confer with Gen. Henri Giraud on ccmcting a union of all Frenchmen who are fighting the Axis. Giraud, French high commissioner of North Africa, called for such a conference in his speech Sunday repudiating Ihc Vichy-German armistice and repealing Vichy's oppressive laws. The committee of the Fighting' French met yesterday and the announcement was their answer lo Giraud's appeal. De Gaulle's headquarters re- j ccivecl with unqualified satisfac- lion news of Ihe rcsignalion of Gen.. Jean Marie Bergeret, former Vichy air minister and Giraud's deputy for civil affairs. He was one of four supporlers o£ Ihe late Admiral Jean Darlan lo whose presence in North African positions the Fighting French objected. They accused Bergeret of imprisoning ;,nd burtalizing hundreds of Frenchmen for refusal lo acccpl Ihe validily of Ihe Armis- licc and for conlinuing Ihe war, against the Germans. The other three are Gen. Auguste Nogues, expected soon to resign as governor of French Morocco; Pierre Boisson, governor of West Africa; and Marcel B. Pcyrouton, governor of Algeria. Giraud's pronouncements were welcomed by both the British and U. S. governments in statements by Prime Minister Churchill and Secretary of Stale Hull and brought the North African administration Allied Bombers Keep Up Pace in Tunisia Theater By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in Africa, mighty North March 17 — (S>) — A Allied air striking force Marion Darling, member of the RCAF women's division, became the first ferry plane stowaway when she hopped the Atlantic from Newfoundland hidden on a cargo transport to see her husband In Britain. Green Testifies in Opposition to Labor Plan Washington, March 17 — (/P) — Declaring the Austin - Wadsworth bill lo drafl civilian workers raises an issue of "Free labor versus slave labor," William Green, pres- idenl of Ihe American Federa- lion of Labor, opposed Ihe legisla- lion today as imposing involuntary servitude',on Ihe nation's man and woman power. Appearing at a Senate , Mililary .committee hearing on the measure, the AFL chieftain said he assumed it "is predicated on Ihe assumption that there is a dire necessity for compulsory labor in order effectively to prosecute the blasted another Axis convoy in the Sicilian straits, attacked a airfield near Gabcs and pounded Marshal Rommel's dug in positions in the Marelh line, it was announced j loday. i German artillery opened up on I the British Eighth Army deployed before the French - built fortifications in the Mcdcninc seclor and Allied patrols were active along the whole southern front, an Allied communique said. The continued plague of bad weather restricted flying in c e n- ral and Northern Tunisia. Heavy rain beat upon the an- :ienl mountains in the north, but British First Army patrols ventured out, inflicting casualties. North of Ihe Gafsa oasis in t h e center, contact was made with some enemy lanks, but the resull was not specified. Bombers attacked an Axis airfield and the railway near the easl coasl porl of Gabes. Al least three motor barges proceeding from Sicily to Tunisia were hit and left ablaze in the at- vcry closely inlo line with policies Gen. dc Gaulle has enunciated as ziation, the combat team will in- essential conditions for union, elude infantry, artillery, engineer DC Gaulle's acceptance of Giand medical units, and will be raud's invilation was transmitted was now"ii war to the death" which might lust six or eight years. Referring to the spread of Com, munism since the Russian revolu- Olion, Generalissimo Franco said: "It is not necessary for Ihe Soviet armies to reach nations for the Red revolution to come." He said his regime ruled Spain by the right of having won a cru- ' )s>iide und restored pubic order. "Only the presence of Russia among the belligerents gave the war the character of a war to the death, ' Franco told the Cortes, whose members took their oath of .office yesterday. "No one dreams now of a short war, nor of peace of 100 years." Speaking of internal affairs Franco said "we want liberty but with order." French Youths Holding Out Against Nazis London, March 17 —I/I')— Thousands of French Youths, fighting transfer as lubor conscripts lo war factories in Germany, remained lodged in the mountains of southeastern France today, resisting the efforts of Fernch police to round them up though German and Italian regular soldiers were reported wailing lo move against them. Under leadership of 60 - year-old Major General Curlier the youths waited for a showdown, and the Algiers radio reported more Frenchmen were pouring into the mountains lo reinforce them. This report, however, was tem- j pered dy Swiss advices which said engineer will be trained for combat service in an active war zone. To the extent that qualified men arc available, the company officers —of Ihe grade of caplain or lower —will be Japanese - Americans, and thoir number will be increased by graduates of officer candidate schools. Members of the unit wlil have the same opportunities for promotion and attendance at army schools as any other members of the Army. 65 Apply In State Litlle Rock, March 17 — (/P)—Approximately 05 Japanese - Americans in Ihe Rohwrc and Jerome relocation centers of southeast Arkansas have volunteered for military through Gen. Georges Catroux, nighling French delegate to Syria and liaison man with Giraud. It is expected thai as a result of the negotiations, Catroux may become a ranking official in Giraud's administration. Passenger Vehicles Are Frozen Washington, March 17 — (/I 1 ) — All vehicles carrying nine or more . pel-sons in local transportation service in the new army combat j service - buses, street cars, trol- team being organized for citizens of Japanese ancestry. Regional Director E. B. Whillak- er of Ihc War Relocation authority said none of the volunteers had been 'jailed to service ycl. Pigeon Loses Beak In Raid On Berlin London i/t'i— Planes of Ihe bomber and coast commands carry pig;" cons for use in ferrying messages if Ihc planes yet into difficulty. First indication that the birds were being used came when antiaircraft fire over Berlin recently lore away part of a pigeon's beak. , II also wns disclosed lhal on one I f 'occasion ;i pigeon flew 115 miles with an SOS message that saved a piano crew. , Shoe Rationing Hits Wax Models McPherson, Kas., —(fl j )— A McPhcrson merchant has a corps of wax models for his display windows. He doesn't deal in shoes. Before shoe rationing, he borrowed shoos from a shoe merchant. Now he's tried to buy shoes but couldn't gel any No. 17 coupons for wax blondes. He's appealed the case but mean- whne _ s , s h H . h ley coaches, trucks converted for passenger use, and ferryboats — today were "frozen" in their present service. The Office of Defense transportation described the order as designed to protect the requirements of war workers and school children oy preventing the transfer of vehicles from communities where they are needed. All federal agencies, including the Army and Navy, are required to file reports on their transportation - carrying equipment. In addition, these agencies are forbidden to buy, lease or requisition such equipment wilhoul ODT approval. An immediate effect of Ihe action, ODT said, aill be to slop a "black "I categorically deny Ihe truth of lhat assumption," he added. "It lias not and cannot be established that the absence of compulsion of labor is a faclor in retarding pro duction. "It is my firm and studied conviction that such delays as there have been were prompted by conflicting governmental policies and not by failure of any segment of our working population voluntarily to perform the jobs thai have lo be done." U. S. Marshall, Other Notables Are Fined Forl Smilh, March 17 — (/P) — Pleading guilly to unlawful possession of wild game, U. S. Marshal Henry Armstrong and four other Fort Smithians were fined $25 and cosls each yesterday in municipal court. Ten others, who previously pleaded innocent to similar charges, were ordered lo trial and the hearing was continued until today. The charges were filed after raids March 1 on local cold storage lockers. Pleading guilty with Armstrong were T. L. (Luke) Geren, J. C. Crane, Albert Rosensteil and M. J. Miller. tack on the convoy. Planes rising from the dry, Ruml Backers Confident As Big Fight Loom Washington, March 17 —W)—New confidence was voiced by supporters of the Ruml income tax plan today as the House made ready for one of its stormiesl tax battles in history. Republicans lightened their align- menl behind Ihe skip-a-year .proposal, while Democrals dug in for a finish balllc behind a lax collection system that provides no abatement, as approved by the House Ways and Means committee. The committee reported out a bill yesterday, after two months of work, providing a 20 per cent withholding levy against Ihe taxable portions of wages and salaries, effective July 1, and making pay-as- you-go optional for any taxpayer who sleets lo "double-up" by paying off Iwo year's laxes wilhin one year. To induce individuals to go on a current (pay-as-you-go) basis, the committee voted a six per cent "bargain" discounl on any parl of laxes on 1943 income paid before June 15, after 1942 taxes have been paid. !•.<•••'•' Speaker Rayburn said the committee bill probably would be brought into the House next Monday and would be debated for a week. Supporters of the Ruml plan prepared to offer the skip-a-year proposal as a substilute for the commitlee bill. The Ruml plan, embraced in a bill by Rep. Carlson (R-Kas.) includes a 20 per cent withholding levy similar lo lhat in the committee bUl. Both would be cffcc- livc July 1. The withholding would not be an addilional lax but simply a collodion device and does not add to the present tax liability. Withholdings would be made Sen. Caraway's Favorite Bill Up Again By MAX HALL Washington, March 17 —W 1 )—The Department of Commerce doesn't like Senator Hatlie W. Caraway's bill lo compel commercial air lines to supply a parachute for every passenger. But she will keep on trying to got it approved by the Senate Commerce commillcc and passed by Congress. The Arkansas Senator has been introducing this bill and re-introducing it for years, and now she says: "Mark my words, you'll sec the day when parachutes will be sland- ard equipment on passenger planes." She made public a loiter from Wayne C. Taylor, acting secretary of commerce, to the Senate Commerce committee, giving three rca- j sons why the department is not in | favor of the bill (S. 1041. j The reasons: j 1. The Civil Aeronautics Administration believes the bill is unncc- sandy stretches of the western dessert continued the softening up process of Rommel's positions in the Mareth line, the communique said. Fighter bombers and medium bombers, escorted by fighters, carried the aerial assault to the Germans and Italians. In all operations yesterday, the communique said one Allied plane was lost. Two pilots of previously reported lost'planes turned up safe and the communique raised the total of -enemy aircraft destroyed March 15 by two. (The Italian communique, broadcast from Rome and recorded by the Associated Press, said German planes had torpedoed two Allied ships and set a third afire in a convoy west of Bengasi. The Italians claimed the dcslruclion of Iwo Allied submarines and said German planes dcslroycd three grounded planes in an atlack on an Allied i airdrome in North Tunisia. (The Germans claimed one 10,000 ton ship from the convoy was sunk. (Increased artillery duelling by both sidns was reported before the Mareth line.) Superior formations of Allied aircraft continued a night and day offensive as both the Allied and Axis armies prepared 'for the impending battle. American Flying Fortresses were used against the barge convoy of six or seven vessels and pilots reported that flames shot up 300 feet from the three that were hit. Lightnings provided fighter escort for the big craft. British B i s I e y s attacked the Gabes landing ground and strung high explosives along the r u n- ways. The Bislcys also tore up tracks between Gabes and Sfax along which equipment moves south ot the Mareth line. The British successes wore near Mcdjcz - El - Bab in northern Tunisia. German artillery mounted in the Mareth line attempted to hamper Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's concentration of Eighth Army assault groups by sporadic shelling of the Mcdcnine plain from hidden \ London, March 17—(fl 3 )—The Most However, Nazis Massing for Push Beyond Kharkov By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, March 17 t/P) — The Red Army has smashed another 1 wedge weswtard toward the German key base at Smolensk, it was announced in the Soviet noon com* munique today, with the capture of the railroad slation of Igorievska- ya and the district center of Vsk- hody. To the south, however, the Germans massed a great number of tanks and motorized infantry, supported by a strong force of dive bombers, in a major effort to cross the northern Donets south of fallen Kharkov. Furious fighling was reported through the small elbow of the river near Izyum, 70 miles southeast: of Kharkdv. ' It was stated here that there was reason to assume Ihe German tank force battering at the northern Donets line was as strong as, if not stronger than, the units which figured prominently in the Kharkov region. The weather and land conditions were reported good for mechanized warfare and it was indicated the current struggle was as fierce as anything which has taken place in months. (The German high command, in. a communique broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press, said "the enemy forces encircled southeast of Khar- kov were compressed in the narrowest area . . . and are approaching their annihilation." (The Germans also claimed advances in the Belgorod area and reported heavy fighting in the Laak. T ,V| i s' through weekly, semi-monthly or monthly deductions from pay envelopes and salary checks. Under the committee plan, clergymen, members of the armed services, farm labor, domeslic servants and persons with income derived from sources other than wages and salaries would continue to pay their laxes on an annual or quarterly basis. All taxpayers would continue to file their returns each March 15. The bill provides that any lax- payer miglil conlinuc Ihe present method of paying in one year the taxes based on the previous year's income, or may "double up" by paying off lasl year in full and thus proceed on a current payment Cardinal Hinsley Dies Today in England emplacements in the hills. Reverend Arthur Cardinal Hinsley, The tank contact in the center i 77. archbishop of Westminister and was made three miles north of'primate of the Roman catholic Gafsa. I church in Great Britain died this morning at his country home at j Bumingford, Hcrtfodshire, after an illness which began Feb. 28 when ho suffered a severe heart Bulletins I London. Mrrch 17 (/l'i— DNB, Hinsley rose to his high office in a Berlin radio broadcast heard j from a humble beginning as the homes where they were promplty gathered in and sent summarily to Germany. The German - controlled Paris radio said several trains loaded with young French workers had left towns in southern France yesterday en route to Germany. One patriot force, estimated at 1,000, was reported operating near Mont Blanc, armtd wilh machine guns, rifles and pistols. Fifth-Columnist In The Hen House Alamosa. Colo.— W 1 !— A hen ut the O. T. McLellan farm lays eggs with the design of the Japanese Rising Sun imprinted. The flag is etched in lines almost one-quarter inch in height, but, of course, it isn't in color. market" in school buses. School officials asked for the "freeze," reporting many contract operators already had shifted their buses to oilier uses. This example was ciled: A contractor who provided school service al $1,800 a year was offered $1,800 a month lor Ihe use of his vehicle elsewhere. Another bus owner, after taking children to school in the morning, sold his bus during the lunch hour, leaving Ihe children wilhoul transportation back home. Another force, led by former of- | Mrs. McLellan hasn't esulblished j to^Take^on ^dJUioaT Tervice'' fciers of the 27th regiment of An- identity of the guilty hen but is such s us° « a School bus o necy, was said to be in the moun- ! iooking for a biddie Who clucks in | transporl war* workers solong as he does nol discontinue .the school service. Regular transportation companie may shift equipment from o n e route lo another, but cannot shift it to serve routes of another company. essar7 because the usefulness of here today by Reuters said thai Ihc I son of a British carpenter, parachutes to persons untrained in | Bnll f 1 ? lghth(1Al ™ y ha f punched . — thpir ,,m>v:,tinn i* • xnmovvh.t „,„,*.«" atlack O11 tlle Mareth line last 'somewhat ques night. their operation is tionable." 2. Passenger planes are nol well adapted for the use ot parachutes for the purpose of escaping when a ma j or attack,- DNB said, the aircraft is in distress. (Mrs. Caraway's comment on that was: "They've got a door, haven I they?") He was known as one of Brilain's ! most outspoken religious leaders on economic and political mailers "The scale of fighting cannot be U nd was long one of the country's judged by reports so far available, , mosl v jg Orous lighters against Fas- but Berlin quarters believe this is } c ism and Communism. ; He was given the last rites of the The British thrust was made at church when he became critically the coastal end of the line at 10:30 [ill last month, but after several o'clock last ngiht and followed a j days showed sgins of improvement tains farther north. Some insurgent : Japanese. She's destined for forces were reported lo have French 75 mm guns. old stewpot. Only since Lhu JBth century have separate shoe lusts been used for Ihc riRht and Icfl foot. Under existing rales in Britain, it virtually impossible for anyone lo have more than $20,000 lefl after paying hit, taxes. 1 3. The speed and unexpectedness- | creased to a veritable cannonade, with which accidents occur, once n le report said. an aircraft of this typo is in a pos- lively artillery barrage which in- ! and hopes hud been held for his ition in which an accident is evitable, would in most cases prevent use of this means of escape Mrs. Caraway ackm '.vledged the truth of this but said"However, there have been some crashes where parachutes would have saved lives -- particularly where the plane was unable lo land because of log or olhcr condi- j tions and ran out of gus — and there will be olhcr cases of t^iis kind." Buckingham Battle Dress Disappears London. March 17 (A>i There will be no more tailcoats and white ties for the servants at Buckingham palace, official London residence of the Royal family. King George has ordered Ihe customary garb discarded for "but- tlcdrcss" to save materials und !recovery. Local Boy Finishes Course in Weapons Private Raymond Aslin, son of Mrs. Luther Aslin of Hope, has completed his 13 weeks' training in the Heavy Weapons Company at Camp Roberts, California, according lo word lo the family. Restricting the use of iron and steel in wood furniture is saving about :?2,000 Ions of the metals for war use annually. !eil '.* north of'D'iirovo on at'spur railway branching off from the main line, the Russians added another town to Iheir triumphant march west of the Dnieper river. Durovo Is midway between Vyaz- ma and Smolensk on the main rail line. The Soviet army apparently has a considerable force west ,of the Dnieper. The advances were contested bitterly by the Germans, the communique said. , "The enemy is trying to hold on to his defenses and is putting up a fierce resistance and forming new defense lines," it declared. A number of other settlements were captured as German resistance was overcome, and two heavy counteraltacks in one sector were crushed with the killing of about 300 Germans, the Russians said. , The enemy, unable lo withstand the "terrible" shelling, abandoned the forts and by last night the Sov- eit forces had occupied the junction, it was said. Then they rolled up their guns into new positions and blasted at the German defenses ahead. The screen of artillery fire enabled the Soviets to capture the highway, it was reported. In the Donets fighting, particularly bitter engagements in the Izyum elbow sector of the river were reported by Red Star, which said the Germans were putting up a stubborn defense lliere and throwing many counterattacks against the Russians. Several hills were recaptured by the Russians in the area and they took a big seltlemenl on Ihe west bank, but the Germans, aided by bombing planes, pushed back into Ihe village a day laler, dispalches said. The German air force was reported giving the Nazi Iroops good support generally. II was difficult to say here whether the Donets river was frozen, thus facilitating .crossings, but from my observation while flying over the area earlier this month I would say that the ice was not thick enough to hold troops and armor. However, the Donets is nor very wide in this sector and crossing it is not so difficult as crossing the Don or the Volga. Thoughtful Airman Saves 261 Students Chickasha, Okla. —(/Pi—An aviator, identity unknown, dived on the grade school house at Verden and undoubledly saved the lives of a number of children who might have been trapped by flames that were consuming the building. The pilot apparently saw the smoke coming from the roof of the building. He dived, to atlracl atten- lion. Softball players on the school ground looked up at the plane, saw smoke pouring from the building and sounded the fire alarm. The 261 children in the building readied sally only a few minutes ahead of the spreading flames. The plane flew onward. '*} -I I Ilmen area where, the war bulle- Jj| tin said, "the Soviets vainly surged against the German front for entire days)."

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