Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 16, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Tuesday, March 16, 1943
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i ' Served by the No. 1 News Organization — The Associated Press Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Colder this afternoon and tonight, cold wave in east and south portions, lowest temperature 24 to 28 in north and 30 to 34 in suoth portion; showers and thunderstorms in extreme southeast portion. Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 16, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press .NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Reds Nearing Smolensk ft ft ft & ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft • ft ft ft ft ft Mac Arthur's Men Lash Out at Japs North of Australia Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN ' || Civil Servants No Privileged Class %&$* Or, Again, Are They? "^m A i° int committee of the two houses of congress (On Re- ^duction of Non-Essential Federal Expenditures) has just filed • tfie following report on federal use of automobiles unconnect- ( i(«l with the armed forces: Union ot Two \ trench Factions > * Near Today ' By WES GALLAGHER Algiers, March 10 —(/Pi—The Un- t»)ion of French elements fighting the Axis under different banners appealed nearer today with the dis- , palch of an invitation by Gen. '-Henii Giraud to Gen. Charles de Gaulle to enter into an agreement jijl foi unity. ^ The invitation followed swiftly a broadcast address by Gen. Giraud Sund.iy in which he emphasized the * need for such a union, embraced the principles of Ihe Atlantic char- il ter and promised to abolish all W Vichy legislation in North Africa. \* r t The address won Gen. de ,,Gaulle's endorsement and political " *' observers prediction there would > be a quick settlement, aided by Gen Georges Catroux, fighting delegate —• general to Sy, through whom Gen. Giraud acl- 4 J< dressed his invitation. * i-"'The moment for unity of all * Frenchmen of good will has come," •y Gen Giraud wrote in this mes- I*Q sage "1 am ready lo welcome dc ™ Gaulle lo give Ihis union concrete foim. . . 1 expressed the princi- ^.ples governing my conduct and Jithcio should now be no misundcr- „&[ standing between us." k It was pointed out that the fea- '*•* tjnos lo which Gen. de Gaulle had objected in North Africa now cilh- cr had been eliminated or were in - tho process of being removed. '' Unimpeacablc sources confirmed ( ' ( '' the report lhal Gen. Jean Marie ^ Beigcrl had resigned his post un* t der Giraud but his resignation was * ' not expected to be made public of- v'ficiatly until his successor is *"'' chosen. Bergerct, former Vichy air S'foice chief, was Giraud's deputy •3) foi civilian affairs and a member 1 \, of the war committee. The same sources said also that Jean Ribaud, a political advisor who had opposed collaboration with the Fighting French, had followed L%ft Beigcrel out, leaving Gen. Aup{ gustc Nogucs the only major figure still in office who has been criticized for lormer Vichy connections. Nogues assumed executive power in Morocco when Allied forces landed and was retained by Gen. Giraud when he reorganized the imperial council into Ihe war commillee. De Gaulle to Act Quickly London, March IB -I.IVGcn- eral Charles DeGualle summoned his Fig'nl French national committee to a special session today for quick consideration of General Henri Giraud's invitation to discuss details for the union of all French forces now opposing the Axis powers. It was expected an announcement concerning the Fighting French answer would be forthcoming at the end of the meeting, but deGaollist spokesmen declined to make any comment beyond their assertion last night that Giraud's actoin was "encouraging. 1 Informed quarters expressed belief, however, lhal current o u t- breaks of sabotage and opposition to Nazi labor decrees in France- had become a major factor in the efforts of Ihe two French groups to reach agreement. French authorities here apparently believed that the situation in France was highly critial and that Giraud deGaulle fusion may be preliminary to furnishing direct aid to the French partisans via Africa. Essen Under Martial taw, Paper Says JStockholm, March 16 —(/I 3 ) Martial law has been imposed in the great German industrial city of Essen since the mammoth RAF raid II; 9) on the Krupps armament works "Despite the growing automobile crisis, both in tires and gasoline, the investigation of Ihe committee indicates that for the first four months of the present fiscal year (July 1 to November 1, 1942) Ihe various agencies of Ihe government, exclusive of Ihe Army and Navy, continued for Ihe most part to use as many passenger cars, to drive as many miles, and to consume about as much gasoline as did these agencies in a comparable period of Ihe previous year, and Ihis, notwithstanding the efforts of the government lo reduce Ihe consumption of gasoline and to conserve rubber. "The committee believes that the same standard of strictly essential driving should be applicable to government em- ployes as il now aplics lo individual citizens. This, Ihe committee is convinced, is not being done. . . "In Ihe lasl fiscal year the federal government owned 17,305 passenger automobiles, exclusive of the Army and Navy, and exclusive of trucks and motorcycles. It now owns and operates 10,953 passenger auto- mobilcs, which represents an increase of more than 1,600 cars^ over .the- -number, owned .and" operated during fiscal year 1942. . . "In Ihe last fiscal year these government-owned cars traveled 203,550.280 miles. In the first four months of this fiscal jear they traveled 06,010,310, or 199,830,930 miles on a yearly basis. . . 'Considering, therefore, the cost, the mileage traveled, and the amount of gasoline consumed for the first four months of this fiscal year (according to the latest information available I there has been no appreciable decline in the UPC of these government automobiles by peace-time agencies although the government ilself is compelling the private citizen lo reduce Ihe use of aulo- mobilo (ravel and ban all nonessential driving." Who said a congressman or a senator couldn't write an editorial? And the sooner somebody gels mad about il Ihe quicker we will reach a showdown. Score Hits on 2 Troop-Laden Ships Near Dobo Allied Headquarters in Australia, March IB —(/I 1 )— Hard on the heels of news thai Iho Japanese were massing men and shpis on Ihcr island oases northwest of Australia, Allied airmen lashed out suddenly in that area yesterday and blasted two Iroop-lndcn transports in a three - ship convoy bound for Dobo, General MacArthur's headquarters announced today. The threat implied in the new Japanese concentrations was driven home, meanwhile, the grcat- r-sl burst of enemy arial aclivity in this theater in months — a 49- planc assault on Darwin, Australia, and a 15-planc raid on Oro Bay, New Guinea. In the attack on the convoy oft enemy - occupied Dobo, in the Aroe islands aboul 500 miles north of Darwin, direct hits were scored on two of the ships by Allied bombers which roared in at Masthead Height, and several near hils were scored on the third vessel, the Allied communique said. Long - range fighters which accompanied the bombers raked the transports from stem to stern with cannon and maehingun fire, causing heavy casualties to troops packed' on the decks, the bulletin added. The Japanese smash at Darwin, key Allied base on the northwest tip of Australia, met stiff resistance from Spitfire fighters which rose to intercept them. The Allies announced they had shot two bombers and 12 fighters oul of action and "so seriously damaged an additional three fight crs and two bombers that they probably failed to reach their base." Four Allied planes were reported Maybe Both Perfect fo Lt. Vera Joy Hooven, claimed to British Meet No Opposition in Taking Point By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North A'- rica. March 16 —if?)— The British First Army in Northern Tunisia, advancing in the Scdjenane area without meeting resistance, has occupied a strategic wooded ridge, and other Allied forces with artillery support have routed strong enemy patrols ol armored vehicles in the Gafsa area, 200 miles to the south. An Allied headquarters commun- ique which announced these successes on the ground, also told of an outburst of new fury in the struggle for air supremacy in Tunisia. The artillery action in the area of Gafsa was accompanied by two heavy raids on Mczzouna airdrome, 62 miles northeast of Gafsa, in which the entire airfield and a number of parked planes were blanketed with bursting bombs. Heavy bombers continued to blast at the Axis supply lines across the Sicilian straits, and in an at- be the "most perfect" WAAC by tack on a convoy scored a direct Minneapolis, Minn., Army men dis- hit on one ship. Today's War Map RUSSIAN THRUSTS NAZI COUNTER-DRIVE BATTLE LINE KEY fOINTS RETAKEN 8Y REDS puting the claim of The western desert air force with Texas whose WAAC, Jane White- activity confined to patrolling along man was claimed to be the "most the Mareth line positions facing the perfect." (NEA Telephoto) British Eighth Army, also conducl- ed sweeps among Axis transport north of Fjoujane. British infantry, which previously had failed lo clear out the German elite troops from, the forested World Police Force Bill in ••••* U. S. Congress By ERNEST B. VACCARO Washington, March 16 —(/Pi— A proposal for a post - war international police force — already the lost in the action, but the pilots of 1 subject of congressional con trover- No Increase in Food Rationing for April Washington, March 1(5 — l/l'l — The housewife's total of food ration points for April will be the same as it is in March — 4il of them on the blue stamps lettered D, 12 and F in war ration book No. 2. In making that announcement late yesterday, the office of Price Administration also said there will be one week of overlap, during which both the March and April stamps will be good. two were saved, said the noon bul- sy letin. U added that the raid caused "only slgiht damage and casualties." II. vvas the heaviest .Japanese aerial stab in several months. Darwin was last raided March 2 by 15 fighters, six of which were reported shot out of actoin. 'The Oro Bay raid was on the wharf area just at dusk but the damage was slight and there were 10 casualties, General Mac-Arthur's leadquarters reported. Nine bombers and 13 fighters attacked Oro Bay March 8 and three days later the Japanese sent a larger crew of 24 bombers and 1G fightres on a repeat mission. There was some speculation, meanwhile, over the whereabouts of the remains of tho enemy convoy of eight ships which had been heavily attacked for two successive days straight as it approached VVe- wa'k, in northeastern New Guinea. Hits had been reported on four cargo ships and one destroyer, but B-17S which went out again in search of tho convoy yesterday found no shipping whatever in that area,, a headquarters spokesman said. The coastline svas searched without success, meaning that the convoy apparently had either landed in night attacks by weather and ! limited hours of moonlight. RUSSIA SOVIET OKU », SEVSK^* BREST LITOVSK POLAND] SLAVYANSK* DNEPROPETROVSK (NtA Telemap) Today's war map shows the Russian drive beyond Vyazama and the Nazi counter-thrusts against Kharkov. of Tamera in the Sedjcnane 'area, swept forward again yesterday and found the enemy had withdrawn to new positions protecting the road to Sedjcnane Sedjcnane is about 40 miles cast of Bizcrtc and only about 12 mlies south of the coast. Allied Navies Agree on Plan to Fight Subs •Washington, March 16 — (/P) — Members of the American, British and Canadian high commands have reached "cmopletc agreement" the Navy announced today, on the best Churchill Defends Son .( . \ i in Commons London, March 16 —(VP)—Appearing in the House of Commons to face the question firing line for the first time since his illness from pneumonia, Prime Minister Establish Strong Line East of Fallen Kharkov By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, March 16 — (/P) — The Red Army is continuing to smash westward toward Smolensk, the German key base of the central front, and also appeared today to. have established a strong line east of Kharkov after announcing the ' loss of the Ukraine city recaptured, only Feb. T6. Four spearheads are aimed at Smolensk from an arc swinging northwestward from Vyazma and; one of the newest and most spectacular successes was that reported by a column surging forwrad from Kholm - Zhirkovsky, west of the upper Dnieper river. Today's official German corrt- ' munique ignored the fighting in the Kharkov - Belgorod sector and nad encircled a Soviet force south- cast of Kharkov. The war bulletin, broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press, declared that a heavy Russian attack in the Lake Ilmen sector yesr terday was repulsed, partly in hand-to-hand fighting, and that the Soviets lost 56 planes in the day's fighting on the eastern front). The troops pushed six miles westward, chasing the remnants of two, German divisions, front line dispatches indicated. The Soviet noon communique declared that more towns fell to the Russians west and southwest of Vyazma and Red Star, the Army newstjaper^ in commenting on the swift push toward Smolensk: -*> said*' that "our troops already have advanced several dozen kilometers was formally introduced today by Senator Ball (R-Minn.) as the only practical means of "con trolling the plague of war." Speaking for himself and thrrc other sponsors, Ball told the Senate that attempts to maintain peace through balance of power diplomacy, imperialism, pactK and treaties "all have failed." "It is our conviction," he declared, "and we believe it is shared by the overwhelming majority of the American people and the members of this Senate, that an organ- bclwccn Gafsa and McUapui, 20 miles to the west, where the French were consolidating recently won positions in that mining region. In successfully dispersing strong patrols of enemy armored vehicles in the Gafsa area, the Allied evidently were continuing their pressure on the middle roaches of Axis coastal corridor. They abandoned Gafsa at. the start of Marshal Erwin Rommel's central Tunisian offensive last month, but yesterday west of Vyazma." (this may be upwards of 20 miles). No specific figure was given on how far the Red Army's advance units were from Smolensk but from „ current reports and their last spec- marine menace in the Atlantic. | Randolph who had upheld the ma- jfj e d position it was reasonable to French forces with American | methods of defeating the Axis sub- Churchill today defended his guns turned back the patrols of enemy armor which were advancing of peace - loving nations I the' French announced that they of the world with authority (Continued on Page Three) were consolidating their positions east of Metlaoui, only about 20 miles, west of Gafsa. French Revolt Units Still\ at Large As Nazis Search Hills for 5,OOO Patriots The decisions were made at a conference here under the chairmanship of 'Admiral Ernest J. King, commander in chief of tho United Stales fleet, it. was said in a communique issues simultaneously with identical annoucc- mcnls in London and Ottawa. The meeting was described as one of a series "which have been and will continue to be held" to provide coordinated action by the forces of Ihe three nations combat- ting the undersea offensive against Allied supply lines to Britain, Russia and Africa. (In London, Prime Minister Churchill told Ihe House of Commons earlier loday that the current campaign against the U-boals insured full Allied cooperation). The joinl disclosure of the recent conference said "complete agreement was reached on the policy to be pursued in the protection of Allied shipping in the Atlantic and in the best methods of employing the Allied escort vessels, anti-submarine craft, and aircraft in defeating the U-boat menace." There was no explanation ority of French officials in North I assumc that in this sector they Africa as patriots and not Fascists, j wore about 50 to GO miles .from the Young Churchill, a captain in the British Army in North Africa as well as a member of parliament, had written a letter to the Evening Standard which specifically praised Marcel Peyrouton, governor general of Algeria, and by implication criticized Fighitng French quarters in London. Replying to a question of Aneurin Bevan, a consistent critic from the labor benches, Churchill said he had read the letter and was informed that it violated no part of the king's regulations concerning public comment by an army of ficer and that it was not passed upon by a senior army officer. "The only comment which I have to maiie upon the letter is that it appears to express a perfectly arguable point of view and one which is shared by many responsible people, American, British and French, in this theater of war," Churchill Seven asked Churchill if he realized that "we arc broadcasting to France every night asking bor program extended into most of France. _ _.. . _ ... . _. Italian troops guarded the north- izecl French police led by German j ern frontiers, but look no part in By THOMAS F. HAWKINS At Hie French Frontier in Swit- base. The Russian columns also offered a threat to another German base, Bryansk, with some troops to capture the railway station of Milyatinsky - Zabod, on the Vy- azma-Bryansk railway 80 miles north of Bryansk, This is the closest point the Red Army has approached that vital stronghold which with Orel serves as a turning point between the southern and central fronts. The railway station of Milialino, on the same line, but more to the north, also was captured by Sov- let troops, fighting knee deep In snow. The advance from Kholm-Zhir- kovsky represented the first time in any Russian offensive since the beginning of the war that the Soviets had reached and recrossed the Dnieper river, the great waterway of western Russia. Now they are fighting in an urea where forests arc traversed by streams and roads, typical of the whole sector from Vyazma to Smolensk. zerland. March 1G (/I 1 ) Motor- This month's stamps — the blue j j n O u ier f ar flung Allied aerial ones lettered A, B and C — will be ; , c ij v ji v t wo enemy merchant ves- good until March 31, and the new sc ls of 2,000 or 3,000 tons were at- scries will be available for canned tacked by heavy bombers in Bitz- goods from March 25 through April j aroe Q iiy j n Dutch New Guinea, there Man last Friday night, the Gcr- Newspaper Essen Nation i;, dated March 'J, disclosed. 30. OPA said. While urging consumers to budget their 48 lation points for April only where possible, OPA explained the overlapping week was to allow them to make "the best possible use" of whatever small amount left at the end of the vominution ration stamps thc-,> current month. U. S. Dive Bombers Blast Jap Positions Washington, March 16 — (<f,i— The Navy reported today that 'Dauntless dive bombers have blasted Japanese positions at Vila and Munda in the Central Solomon islands. Communique No. 312 said: "South Pacific: (All dates arc east longitude) "During the evening of March 15th, Dauntless dive bombers with Wildcat escort, bombed Japanese positions at Vila and Munda in the Central Solomons. Results were not reported. All United States planes returned" This was the 93rd raid of the campaign which began last November 23 against Ihe enemy airbasc at Munda. but results were not observed. Arkansan Listed As Navy Casualty Washington, March 10 — (!P> — The Navy announced today 85 casualties in Navy forces, including one dead and 34 missing. This brings to 24,430 the total of Navy. Marine Corps and Coast Guard casualties reported to next of kin sinse December 7. 1941. The grand total includes 6.741 dead, 4,612 wounded and 13,077 SS troopers deployed into the hills of Haute Savoie close to Lake Gcii- i.oday in a hunt for thousand well - armed the conscription search. Several hundreds youths were arrested in Paris, charged with being several French i communistic. missing. Tli3 onlv Arkunsyn listed was Francis Anthony Haklilch. missing. His wife is Mrs. Helen Marguerille Haklilch, Little Rock. Japs Report One Arkansan As Dead Washington, March 16 — (.V\ — A report by the Japanese through the International Red Cross of American soldiers killed in action in Ihe Phillipines made public today listed one Arkansan, Pvl. Raymond T. Hearing, whose mother lives at Rl. 6, Carlisle. youths who had defied a Nazi ultimatum to surrender. All last night and today (lie police and trouper units rolled along (lie roads into the valleys and up into Ilia hills but they did not appear so far to have made contact with tho insurgents who were said to number at least 5,000. The youths, rebellious against the German labor draft, were reported led by former French officers and generals. (London reports said the Fri.-ni.-h bands were being bombed by German planes. Three of the planes were reported yesterday tu have been shut down, i Some of the youths were gradually trickling back to their homes, despite their earlier defiance, because they lacked food and had been persuaded by their parents lhat resistance now is futile. Some said Iliey had expected the second front to open and it did nut they felt it was impossible to go on alone. Those returning home were sent immediately to Germany. Lyon continued as the center for SS and German troop action. The troops circled blocks of houses systematically and search out the men who were sent immediately to deportation centers. Information from Marseille spoke of "seclhing unrest," indicalin meetings have been held for some time, there should be announcement of the recent session now, bul speculation included the possibility that this might be both a means mends those who shoot Frenchmen who are obeying our instructions." There was no direct reply. Churchill lold Commons that full Allied cooperation in Ihe current of reassuring the United Natior.s i anti-U-boat campaign was insured, as to the coordination of the anti- i The prime minister also said submarine resources of the Allan- I that he would not give any con- tic powers, especially in view of Saint Gingolph was "a dead city" with every public establishment closed as the conscription drive continued. Outward calm prevailed at Thonon and Evian. But the Thonon perfect summoned the mayors of the communiites and declared that all those refusing to surrender would be considered deserters when caught and would be sent immediately to Germany. The perfect said, "We have Ihe means." Insurgent forces were said to be j vices for J. P. Morgan were held stationed in the Arve and Dranee t ],j s morning in St. George's Pro- creation of a unified anti-submarine command under one officer. Dignity, Simplicity side ration to a proposal by Prime Minister Jan Christian Smuts of the Union of South Africa for an Allied general staff to supervise U- boat warfare. Mickey Rooney Foils Feature Morgan Rites i to Pass Army Exam New York, March 16 —i With j Hollywood. March 16 -W— Tlie valleys and on Hie Graillon plateau. Already well - equipped and determined to hold their positions, their agents daily are going into the villages and hamlets to solieil food from the willing residents. The police and troops, hoping to starve Ihem nut, began erecting barricades along the highways, halting all who came along. Small in comparison, the situation, nevertheless, appeared to be developing similar lo that in Yugoslavia, with Frenchmen, whose di-nitv and simplicity, funeral ser- ; Army has rejected Mickey Rooney • • • after physical examination, and the usually "exuberant 21 - year - old screen star says he isn't happy about il The rejection was disclosed lasl testant Episcopal church in Suiy- army the Germans had disbanded hoping to effect Guerrilla action to harass the occupation forces. It appeared that the Frenchmen again are beginning to want to fight, despite the tremendous odds of the well - equipped army that is .-.tatiuiied in every section of vseanl Place, from which his father was buried in 1913. The body of the 75-year-olci fi- j night by Lt. Col. Agard H. Bailey, nancier who died Saturday in Flor- commanding the Los Angeles m- ida lav in a plain black coffin ductoin center, who said Rooney which 'was .surrounded by approxi- I had been referred to the center by mutely 100 floral pieces — presum- , draft officials and had undergone ably sent by members of the fam- a thorough checkup ly. for a request had been made to friends that no flowers be sent to the church. Ihe small church was crowded with l.fiOO persons including John D. Rockefeller Jr., John W. Davis and Thomas W. Lamont. vice- chairman of J. P. Morgan and Company, Inc. Colonel Bailey did not reveal specific physical r e a s o n s for Ruoney's rejection, but the actor's mother, Mrs Nell Pankey, said two weeks ago that Mickey had high blood pressure and a flutter in his heart Mickey's comment on the col- I onel's disclosure was: that the resentment against the la-| the French mainland. »•— - - - j "Last week 1 voluntarily took my A sign reading UXH means, in j physical and 1 have not been noti- Ihe laguage of the armed forces,, Ui!o:-:pluded Bomb. tied of result. I!' I rejected, I'm sorry" have been Son of Former Hope Pastor Is Missing First Lieutenant Harrell H. Rule, son of the Rev. and Mrs. E. C. Rule of Pine Bluff, was yesterday reported missing over the Pacific ocean near Everett, Wash., following the collision of his Lockheed Lightning with a bomber. The Rev. Mr. Rule, pastor of First Methodist church in Pine Bluff, was formerly pastor of tho First Methodist church of Hope; and Lieut. Rule will be remembered as a student in the local schools. He was commissioned a flying officer at Kelly Field, Texas, April 30. 1942, was married the same day to Miss Betty Jo Campbell, and was assigned to the 38th Fighter Squadron at Paine Field, Everett, Wash., where he rose to be squadron leader. Lyle M. We7b to Go on Deep Sea Duty Lyle M. Webb, advertising manager of Hope Star 1929-33, seaman second class in the Naval Reserve, will be gradualed as a radio operator from the naval radio training school at San Francisco March 26 and will be assigned to a ship thereafter, according to word from him today. Since leaving Hope Mr. Webb has been advertising manager of the Valdosta (Ga.'i Times, and circulation manager of tlxe Suffolk <Va.' News-Herald, leaving Suffolk to enlist in the Navy at Los Anjjeles, Calif.

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