Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on June 3, 1952 · Page 1
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 1

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ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Member o! the Asioeiited Presi. Sc Per Copy. Vol. CXV11, No. 120 ALTON, ILL., TUESDAY, JUNE 3, 1952 EitiblUHed Jimmy 19,ftftf, (••MM Build Greater College With City—Weaver Shurtleff President Calls For United Effort to Aid Shnrtleff A call for all Alton institutions— Industrial, business and educational — to "coordinate efforts In building not only a greater Shurtletf College but a greater city and a greater world" was issued by Shurtleff President Dr. David Andrew Weaver Monday as his Institution celebrated ils 125th anniversary. Industry, business, the professions of the city assembled in Franklin Masonic temple at a luncheon to do the cily's oldest institution honor on the occasion. More than 300 persons attended the dinner. They heard two distinguished pioneer alumni who only that morning had received honorary doctorates from the college stress the urgent need for better financial support of private colleges — the world's urgent need for the influence these colleges can bring. Dr. Carl R. Megowan, former Altonian, now president of the Owens-Illinois Glass Co. with offices at Toledo, O., warned that. Hie world today is "engaged fn a great, conflict . . . between godless men and God-fearing men." Said he: "Our smaller private Christian colleges . . . are our greatest source for Christian leadership . . . but one half the private schools today are operating at losses and Using up their endowments, or worse yet, reducing their staff." •Industry Should Help' He, himself, promised to "tell the story of Shurtleff in whatever way I can." after urging that "industry should help. It's just plain good business for them to help." Dr. Edward B. Meriwether, professor of law at the University of Arkansas, who likewise had received his degree that morning/pointed out that the general trend in educational thought now is returning fast toward the line which Shurtleff has maintained. "Teachers at Shurtleff ga.ve technical knowledge, but Uiey gave more than that," he said. "They gave an awareness of problems and a sensitivity of obligation to the world and to our fellow men." He pointed out that, among other things, Shurtleff, comparatively small in size, has given^.the world five college presidents. 'And, narrowing metters down to the local field, he reminded it had given tlie public scliools here 87 teachers. "People of Alton owe a great debt for the part they played in the Alton public school system." Dr. Weaver recalled that when he came here he had~found the community and the Baptists both waiting on each other t8 do something about Shurtleff College. President's Appeal • He urged strongly that both adopt the policy of not 'either or', "but that both coordinate efforts behind a future that would produce "something finer than we. have ever experienced." J. B. Johnson, superintendent of schools; and Walter T. Woodcock, executive director of the Greater Alton Association of Commerce, added their words of commendation to Shurtleff. City Judge I. H. Streeper presided over the gathering. He gave the welcome in behalf of the city, replacing Mayor Linkogle, who was programmed to do so. Congressman Mel Price, who had Continued on Page 2, Col. 1. Tractor Mishap Is Fatal For Moro Township Man, 80 Chest Scans 1953 Budgets For Agencies The Community Chest's "yardstick" passed on to affiliate agencies (his year by the board promises to ease the budget committee's annual job of pruning their requests for assistance down to a figure believed to be within the public's reach. The budget committee began its detailed study of the requests for assistance—and the agencies' budgets—Monday night. It found that only two agencies had stepped very far over the five percent increase limit the Chest's board had suggested as a guide for this year. Several budgets were approved by the committee lasl night, well under the ceiling, and without any changes being made. The committee meets again Wednesday night to study some of the budgets about which it wishes lo ask questions of agency rcpre- senlatives. Results of the commit- lee's work will be included in next fall's Chest goal. Following are the amounts agencies are receiving from' the Chest this year compared to the requests received from them for 1953. 1852 1»33 ite- approprl- quest of Agency ation Chest Boy Scouts .. ? 29,703.07 ? 34,850.00 Girl Scouts .. 12,663.00 16,899.51 11,273.96 Sal. Army .. WR Social Plan. Council Cath. Char. YWCA Hillc. House 6,405.00 19,852.55 25,481.56 4,078.61 YMCA 26,540.00 111. Children's Home & Aid Assoc. Char. Total 12,225.80 23,625.90 12,477.40 6,930.00 19,929.00 26,712.35 4,159.78 27,615.00 13,385.00 24,610.00 5167,848.48 $187,568.04 Premier Booted SAIGON, Indochina, June 3, R— Emperor Bao Dai dismissed the Viet Nam government of Premier Tran Van Huu today and asked Interior Minister Nguyen Van Tarn —widely known as a "slrong man" —to form a new cabinet. Brush Fire No. 4 fire company at 7 p. m Monday responded to a brush fire' alarm at 2300 Edwards street. The fire caused no damage, Fire Chief Lewis reported. Weather Partly cloudy and contiued warm this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; highest temperature today near 90; lowest Wednesday morning about 70; highest in the afternoon in the middle 80s. Five-Day Extended Forecast Temperatures will average 1-3 decrees below normal north to 1-3 degree* above normal south. Normal maximum 78 north to 82 south. Normal minimum 54 north to 58 south. Rifling temperature trend Wednesday and Xhurs- ' day. No decided change in temperature Friday through Sunday. Precipitation will average about : .'i inch occurring as frequent periods of • showers Thursday night through Sunday. River (Zero 395.48 m. c.l W, Bureau 7 «. m. Stage 8.99 Ft. Fall .34 Ft. Stages Lock iDam 26 Sea Level 7. «. m. Pool 418.58 Tailwater 404.47 Must Pay Taxes Beneficiaries of Shell Blast Victims Assessed Widows and dependent children of 18 workers killed in the blast and fire last Sept. 17 at Shell Oil company's Wood River refinery will have to pay income tax on gratuities and bonds given them by the company, according to E. I. McLarney, deputy commissioner of the Internal Revenue Bureau, McLarney gave the opinion in a letter addressed to Congressman Melvin Price, who had inquired on behalf of the widows and children, Seventeen of the 18 Shell employ- es who lost their lives in the blast left widows, most of whom had one of more dependent children. Each widow received from the company a payment equivalent to and representing one month's wages of • her deceased husband. These payments were made in accordance wilh the established survivors' gratuity policy of the company. In addition, a payment of $1000 was also made to each of the widows and a $1000 Series E government bond was presented by I he company to eacJi surviving depend- end child. Mrs. Dorothy Dike, of East Alton, one of the widows, expressed the opinion that the benefits were re- reived from the company as gratuities and, as such, they should not be subject to Federal income tax In the letter, McLarney cites several legal provisions that pertain to the case and reports the opinion: •'Section 22 (b) (1) of the Code, as Amended by section 302 of the revwuie act of 1951, relating to the exclusion of life insurance pro- ceeds from gross income, provides in part, that for taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1950, there shall be excluded from income amounts received under a contract of an employer providing for the payment' of such amounts to the beneficiaries of an employe, paid by reason of the death of the em- ploye, whether in a single sum of otherwise. The aggregate of the amount excludable in this section by all beneficiaries of the employee under al! such contracts of any one employed may not exceed $5,000.00. "It is the opinion, of this office that the provisions of section 22(b)- (1) of the Code, as amended, are not applicable to the payments made in the instant case since tho payments were not made pursuant to a pre-existing contract legally obligating the employer to make such, payments to the designated beneficiary of the deceased em- ploye. "In accordance with the foregoing it is held that the benefits received from the Shell Oil Co., under the circumstances cited, represent taxable income within the scope of section 22(a) of the Internal Revenue code. The bonds, to the extent of the cost thereof, represent income to the surviving dependent child receiving them. If the income of such child, including the cost of the bonds, amounts to $600 or more for the taxable year, the child should file his own Federa! income tax return and he may not be claimed as a dependent for Federal income tax purposes by an other taxpayer. An 80-ynnr-old man, George Henry Zoelzer, inclurred fatal injuries in a tractor accident Monday while hplplng to cut grass on a farm in Moro township. In the mishap he suffered a compound fracture of the right leg. He was brought by a Bunker Mill physician to Alton Memorial Hospital about 1:05 p. m. and died there several hours later. Henry Cruse, operator of Ihe tractor, said the elderly man, forgetful of the youthful activity, svas standing on the drawbar, between the tractor and the mower, and that he apparently slipped and svas caught in the power take-off. A brother, Charles, 60, wilh whom George Henry made his home, had gone "to town" on an errand and it was while he was away and his less mature supervisory judgment was not in control that the mishap occurred and the elder brother was hurt fatally. Zoclzer, a life-long resident of the Moro area, was born Oct. 24, 1871, a son of the late Fred and Mary Zoolzer. George Henry Zoelzcr had made tiis home with his brother, Charles, ince the death of his parents and in 1942 had moved wilh Ihe brother lo Springfield road, at Midway, where the accident occurred. Surviving are a sisler, Mrs. Mary Henke of Midway, his brother, Charles, and several nieces and nephews'. Funeral rites will be conducted at 2 p. m. Thursday in St. John's Evangelical Church, near Moro, by the Rev. R. P. Zimmerman. Burial will' be in the church cemetery. The body is at Jacoby funeral borne in Bunker Hill where friends may call after 7 p. m. today and until noon Thursday when it will taken to the church. Lock Tonnage For May Upsets Former Marks River traffic through the locks at Ai ton»continued its upward trend as the tonnage in May se,t an all- Lime record for the month, with a total of 917,700 tons, the most reight passed through the locks in any May since the locks were built. The trend is a reversal of the slump that hit river traffic for the first time in years in April. After years of month-to-month record- smashing tonnages recorded at the dam, April showed the first drop below previous records for that month in '51 and '50. The drop was said at the time to be due to open river "conditions, and to the fact that some Upper Mississippi Jocks were closed during that month and the oil refinery strike was on. This May's tonnage compares with 895,992 total tons for the same month last year. There were 1538 vessels and 483 lockages this May, compared with 1483 vessels and 441 lockages in May '51. The totals for the first five months of this year have likewise soared beyond previous records. There have been 3,430,552 tons of 'reight passed through in that period, in 5601 vessels, with 1615 lock- ages. For the same period last year, the score was 3,245,522 tons, 5543 vessels and 1523 lockages. A breakdown of last month's to- als shows 727,207 tons of freight went upstream and 190,493 down. Of this amount, 555,950 tons was petroleum routed upstream and 44,)85 head down; 12,000 tons of grain leaded upstream, 99,400 down; 86,295 tons of miscellaneous commodities upstream, 39,585 down; 67,!62 tons of sulphur up, none down; 6aOO of coal up, none down; 9900 tons of cement, sand and gravel upstream, 7425 down. Dictionary Found Closing of schools for the summer is almost at hand and this may have had something to do with a dictionary being lost in the west end business district Monday afternoon. Someone who found a dictionary there handed it to Traffic Policeman Michael Cronin, and he took it to the police desk. On examination there, an/ Upper Alton name and address was found in the book but efforts to call the householder at this address by telephone were unsuccessful. 2HumbertRoad Condemnation Suits Settled Third Action lo Be Heard By District Court Jury Panel EDWARDSVILLE. — A settlement and jury award Monday disposed of two of three county court condemnation suits for rights of way needed for improvement of Humbert road as an inner beltline for light traffic between Alton and Godfrey. The third Humbert road condemnation suit on Monday's county court jury trial setting was in progress today before County Judge Michael Kinney. Selection of a jury for trial of the third case was begun at II a.m. today. Involved is a 7.9-acre tract on Humbert road across from Shearburn's ice cream plant, about a half mile north of the G M & O railroad tracks above Alton. Defendants ir. the suit, filed by the county last July 9, are Sue Lowe Olmstead, Union Electric Co. of Illinois, Walter and Elsie Laux, as owners or parties claiming an interest in the properly. A county court jury Monday fixed compensation at $400 an acre lo be paid Deborah and Edwin L. Sheahan for a 1.22-acre tract needed as right of way fo- the Humbert road project. The defendant; land owners failed lo contest the suit, prosecuted on behalf of the county by Attorneys Robert B. Maucker and Kenneth F. Kelly of Alton, named by State's Attorney Austin Lewis as special assistants — on authorization of the county board of supervisors— in expediting disposition of condemnation suits delaying the Humbert road project. The suit was filed by the county 'last Feb. 20. Under an agreement reached in the second Humbert road condemnation suit, Monday, Elmer C. and Helen F. Whitten will receive $2375 as compensation for one-tenth of an acre of their property needed for •(lie inner beltline project. The tract is improved with a residence and the right of way secured by agreement includes about half of the front yard. Principal consideration in the settlement was the damage to land not taken for the roadway. The suit was filed by the county Nov. 13, 1951. Both cases disposed of Monday involve tracts between intersecr tjons of.-Humbert and'. AUjy roads fn Godfrey township. Originally set for trial the week of April 2.1, the cases were re-set for Monday after a mistrial was declared in one of the cases April 23. , Air Force Dominant Factor Of Future Wars, Ike Don Lenhardt Goes To Detroit Tigers DETROIT, June 3—A'-The Detroit Tigers announced today a nine-player deal that sent third baseman. George Kel), outfielder Hoot Kvers, pitcher Dizzyy Trout and shortstop Johnny Lipon to the Boston Red Sox. The Tigers, in return, obtained first baseman Walter D r o p o, infielders Johnny Pesky and Fred Halfield, outfielder Don Lenhardt and pitcher Bill Wight. The trade was one of the biggest in the majors in years. The principals were Kell and Kvers for Detroit and Dropo, Pesky and Lenhardt for Boston. Kell, 29, has beefl with the Detroit club since 1946 and led the American League in batting in 1949. He is regarded as the best third baseman in the American League. Kvers, 31, laid up with an injury all season until last night, sparked Ihe Tigers' pennant bid in 1950 with a .323 average. Injured In Cleaner Fire As a result of a fire that destroyed some clothes and the interior of Temple Cleaners, 1140 Harrison street, four women were treated in the emergency room at St. Joseph's Hospital shortly after 1 p.m., today. Listed as injured: Mrs. Lucille Beaty, 1804 Myrtle street, a cut on the arm; Mrs. Dorothy Bagley, 721 Royal street; Mrs. Ann Windsor, 3233 Hawthorne boulevard; Mrs. Maud Wilson, 737 East Sixth street. Alton firemen responded to the alarm at 12:53 p.m. and quelled the flames shortly after arrival. Mrs. Lawrence Schaaf, wife of one of the partners in the Temple firm, said the cause of the fire had not been determined, but that it iad not started with an explosion of cleaning fluid. She mentioned as injured only Mrs, Beaty, who, she said, had incurreo a cut on the arm. The oilier partner of the Temple firm is Ralph Coates. The four women were taken in an automobile by Robert Streeper to Ihe hospital. Streeper chanced to be passing the cleaning establishment and was asked by a police officer if he could take the svomen to the hospital. Ibarra heading In Election QUITO, Ecuador, June 3, W — Former President Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra held E. formidable lead of 30,000 votes over his nearest rival today as returns from last Sunday'* presidential election passed the two-thirds mark. British Besiege Radio Station Of Communists By RICHARD KASISCIIKK BERLIN, June 3 — /P- British military police threw a barbed wire barricade around Russian-operated radio Berlin today and besiegoM that Communist island inside the western section of the divided city. The surprise dawn action caught about 20 Russian tommy-gunners inside the big Red brick building in the middle of the British sector of the former German capital. British and German police on guard around the barbed wire barricade announced to both Russian and German civilian station personnel that anybody inside the building could come out: but that nobody would be allowed back in. The British action — lakcn after consultation with American and Fro/ich occupation officials — apparently was in retaliation for Communist sei/ure of several small areas on'the fringes of West Berlin which lie just inside the Russion occupation zone but had been administered by the west. The Reds grabbed these, little areas during the weekend for incorporation or evacuation in order to create "security belts" with which they are sealing off Free Berlin from the surrounding Russian occupation zone. The Red radio continued broadcasting this morning, sending out mostly musical recordings. These programs might have come, however, from alternate studios the Communists have constructed in Russian sector of the city. Tha transmitter also is in the Red-held section. About 50 British military policemen and soldiers stood guard .at the barbed wire thrown around the block-square building. They were aided by about 5,0 German policemen who kept the curious early morning crowds moving. The big radio, which the Russians have operated'since the fall of Berlin in 1945, has been Communism's loudest voice in Germany. Although the area around .the.^tation fell:tovBritish when,the city was divided into occupation sectors, the Reds have maintained their grip on the station site. Communist police also were busy during the night — erecting more road blocks to seal off West Berlin from the surrounding Russian occupation zone. The Russians also barred Allied motor patrols from the Berlin- Helmstedt superhighway for the ninth straight day but the city's lifeline rail, barge and highway traffic to West Germany remained open and normal. Firecracker Complaints Already Reaching Police Memorial day hardly was over and local excursionists were no more than home from traditional Memorial Day %veekend fishing trips before the teenage minds turned to the next major holiday, Fourth of July, and Alton police began to get firecracker complaints. First complaint about firecrackers was booked at the police desk at 8:15 p.m. Monday when a Mid- dlelown resident complained of noise in from an adjacent alley thai sounded "more like cannon crackers than firecrackers." Another. resident of the same area early today reported remains of exploded firecrackers all over his porch. In between, at 4 a.m., police were informed that boys in a car had raced through the. Western Military Academy grounds tossing out firecrackers. Two police cars were dispatched but were unable to trace the offenders. California Gets Flood SAN FRANCISCO. June 3, ff Thousands of acres of rich Call fornia farm lands lay under water today. The Tule find San Joaquin rivers — swollen by an unprecedented spring runoff — burst through levees near the center and at the south end of the fertile Central valley. Real Benefit 'Pops' Concert Receipts Near $1000 for Student Nurse Fund Eight hundred dollars already has come in from the Ratary Club student nurses loan fund benefit "pops" concert by the Alton Civic Orchestra ,and the gross receipts are expected to pass $1000. Fire Chief James Lewis, chairman of tho ticket sales for the event which was played a week ago Monday night, gave this welcome report to Rotarians last night at their regular meeting. The concert was the second such event sponsored by the Rotarians, who only recently got into the "benefit" business. The club was able to turn over more than $500 to its student nurses loan fund as the result of last year's "pops" concert by the orchestra, and hope was expressed that this figure could be considerably bettered by this year's, which attracted a record orchestral crosvd. Speaker at last night's meeting of, the club was Dr. Llewellyn Heard, research chemist of the Standard Oil Co. of Indiana, from the Whiting. Ind., laboratories. He had appeared before the Wood River club yesterday noon. Demonstrating ixunbusiion of various chemicals, he pointed oui that scientific experiments had been instrumental in appreciably raising the percentage of gasoline which could be extracted from crude oil since the automobile industry began lo grow up. Unemployment Rises in Face Of Steel Strike Production Fades Dribble: Truman Mav Act to PITTSBURGH, June 3 /P-Product ion faded lo a dribble loday in the day-old,steel strike. Allied unemployment mounted. An estimated 26,000 coal miners who produce coal for steel-making furnaces have been laid off for the duration. Thousands of railroaders await similar furloughs. The si eel industry fell from a daily production of more than 300,000 tons to a tiny fraction of that amount 24 hours after the Supreme Court ruled the government had no right to sei/e the industry April 9. President Philip Murray of the CIO United Sleelworkcrs ordered his 650,000 workers in basic sleel lo drop their tools as soon as he heard Hie decision, His men won't work without a contract, Murray vowed. The walkout is orderly across the nation. The giant U. S. Steel Corp. said some of its plants were not even being picketed. T,he trickle of production left is accounted for by firms like Weirton Steel Co., in Weirton, W. Va., and Steubenville, O., which' deal with independent unions and by companies like Kaiser Steel, which have signed agreements with the union. The trade journal Iron Age estimates general consumer steel inventories at from 30 lo 60 days supply. Automobile makers are believed to have 30 lo 45 days supply. The steel strike halted iron ore mining in Minnesota with about 10,000 diggers joining the walkout near Hibbing, Minn. Leaders of both the industry and the striking CIO Steelworkers Union suggested renewed contracts talks but neither side proposed a date for negotiations." Truman May Act Unless the contenders get together soon, it was believed President Truman would take some new action to end the strike—because the walkout is costing the nation and its crucial defense effort 300,000 tons of steel daily. Truman had about three choices: (1) sit tight a while to see what the industry and union may accomplish on their own, (2) invoke the Taft-Hartley law's 80-day court injunction provisions against a continued strike, or (3) ask Congress for special legislation to deal with the situation. Truman is likely to be wary of his next move, in any event, after being rebuffed on his seizure step. The Supreme Court ruled 6-3 yesterday that the president's April 8 order taking over the steel industry was unconstitutional. Truman remained silent on the high court's decision, but Congress members generally applauded it, with some exceptions. Sen. Lehman (D-Lib-NY) for example, viewed the ruling with dismay, saying: "Congress must act, without a moment's unnecessary delay, to pass essential legislation to give the president the power lie needs. This is no time for politics." The workers began streaming out of the steel mills across the nation within minutes after the high court acted, even before getting formal strike instructions from Philip Murray, head of the CIO and the Steelworkers Union. Second Strike II was the Steelworkers' second strike since their contract expired last Jan. 1. The first walkout lasted only three days, April 29 - May 1. Truman may first try to persuade the industry and union to hold new peace talks. John A. Stephens, U. S. Sleel Co. vice president and a leading industry negotiator, announced last night that the steel firms, now back in the hands of their private owners, would "sit down with the union without delay to Iry lo reach a fair setllement of the steel strike." Murray, too, had suggested renewed talks but insisted that the union was still standing on Wage Stabilization Board (WSBi recommendations for » 26-cenl-an-hour "package" increase in an 18-month contract. These lertns have been unacceptable to the industry. Stephens pointed out lhat Ihe industry lias offered a 12^-cent hourly pay boost, plus about five cents an hour in "fringe" benefits, or 17',a cents in all. It was understood this offer was contingent, however, on government approval of higher steel prices. Workers presently make about $1.95 an hour, including overtime. Barring a quick industry-union agreement, the country seemed in for a steel strike of at least a week's duration. Tuugk Sledding Any Truman appeal for special t'outiuuixl vu I'age 't, L'ol. 't. Vse Riot Guns Against POWs On Koje Island By JIM DECKF.lt KOJE ISLAND, Korea, June 3, fl'-American guards tired riot guns into a prisoner of war compound tonight, slightly wounding four North Korean prisoners defying orders. Prisoners in Compound 604 refused to remove clothing from the barbed wire fence obstructing the guards' view of the enclosure. The guards then opened fire with crippling shotgun blasts to drive I he unruly POWs back from the fence. Two of the prisoners were taken to a camp hospital for treatment. The other two were given first aid by fellow prisoners. The shooting raised prisoner casualties for the past 24 hours to one dead and seven wounded. One prisoner was killed and another wounded by the accidental discharge of a guard's mnchinegun and two were wounded in the night in an escape attempt. Defiant Red POWs earlier set up a new flagpole in their prison pen in place of one knocked down by guards yesterday. "It will not be there very long," commented Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner, Koje commander, Boatner summoned chieftains of three Red-controlled compounds. He gave leaders of Compounds 85 and 96 an ultimatum to haul down Red flags. It was not disclosed what he (old the third POW leader whose compound—92—already had lowered its flags. The Communist flag pole in Compound 602 was smashed yesterday by a U. S. Patton tank ringed by infantrymen carrying bayonetitipped rifles. Tension in the hate-tilled prison stockades remained high as the accidental discharge of a, machine- gun killed one POW and wounded another in Compound 78. Prisoners refused to give up the body or permit camp officials to take the wounded man to a .hospital. Two-PQWs Were \v,punded yes terday. One was snot trying to escape. The other was shot by a South Korean officer, who was goaded by shouted POW insults. Boatner has ordered the Communists to pull down Communist flags flying over their compounds. Several compounds openly defied the order. Tank supported troops removed flags and insulting banners from two compounds yesterday. General Cites Importance of European OrMt Believes Provoked War Unlikely at Present Housewife Gets Draw, Captures House Breakers WAUKEGAN, 111., June 3, /P Lake county authorities said a resourceful housewife, armed with a revolver and an unloaded shotgun, rounded up three men in an attempted burglary yesterday. They said Mrs. Grace Chrislen- sen, 47, wife of the gardener on a country estate, related: Three men stopped their car near the gardener's house and one began removing a rear window screen when he found the rear door locked, Mrs. Chrislensen summoned her husband, Martin, from the estate's main residence, and asked the telephone operator lo send police. Then she got her husband's revolver, went outside and told the man at the window: "I've got you cornered. Put up your hands. The place is surrounded." The men identified themselves as Fred Morgan, 20, and Isaiah Weyandt, 27, of Clnysburg, Pa., and Ronald Billings, 17, of Cleveland. WASHINGTON, June 3 — A 1 Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower attic today he has consistently contended that the dominant factor In any future war will be air power. Al the same time, he said he wlsheri anyone who believes the foot soldier can be eliminated woulc 'show me how to do it." Eisenhower, holding a, news con- 'ercnce at the Pentagon, was ask ?d about last Sunday's statement by Senator Robert A. Taft that here has been a steady deterlora- ion of U. S. air power which be-^ ;an while the general was chief of staff. Eisenhower said he was readj :o comment "on the record." "There was a man "named Billj Mitchell," he recalled, who agi ated after World War I for i separate air force. Eisenhower added that he himself "instantly started" aftct World War n to cooperate In divorcing air power from the grounc Orces. Gen. Carl A. Spaa'tz, retired ail force leader,, "was my companior and associate" and "I stood with him on 70 (air force) groups," Eisenhower continued, adding tha 1 we were whittled down." Then he declared that the doml nant power in any future war "ii going to be air power." At the same time, he added: "Anyone who finds out that tht foot soldier can be finally elimi nated from war, I wish he woult show me how to do it." Eisenhower also said he stood fo; "air power and air force in everj way it is possible to do so." Pointed at Taft Eisenhower's comments wen sharply pointed up by the fact hi and Taft are .the front-running can didates for the Republican presi dential nomination. .,o, :; Beside;s> alleging a fdeterioratior of U.S. air-.power, Taft in Sunday'* radio speech hit at what he callec "the fallacies of our land generals." He said,one of these is that "> war against Russia can only b< won on the continent of Europe with bayonets." Eisenhower also told the new. 1 conference this country must have assurances it never will be cut'ofi from the resources and friends i has in other parts of the world. Eisenhower said, too, that "Koret and Indochina have as importan implications as any other sector o (.he world:" And he warned of a continuing danger of "subversion, bribery ant stealing" of free .countries by t hi Communists such as occurred ii the case of Czechoslovakia. Eisenhower made the statement at a news conference opening hi; last day in the uniform of a five star general. Henceforth he'll be i civilian prospect for the Repub lican presidential nomination. His retirement—at his own re quest, and without pay—becanu effective a short time later, freeini him for as active a role as hi cared to take in the contest for tin presidential nomination. Miscalculated As for his previous position tha he meant to keep out of politics, tht general said: "I did miscalculate. I though that statement, though, would in sure my being left alone to do mj job, I wasn't left alone." Eisenhower spoke on a numbei of topics — some of them border ing on the political controversies of the day. He said such moves as a 10 per Continued on Page 10, Col. • New Problems Seeks to Revive Commission To Streamline Government WASHINGTON, June 3--/P— Former President Herbert Hoover today urged Congress to create another commission—similar to one he organized six years ago -to find new ways of streamlining the federal government. An increase in th annual bud- gel in the past six years from 40 billion dollars to 90 billion "creates new problems of organization which should be studied." Hoover said. lie made his comment in a letter to Chairman Dawson (D-lll) of the House executive expenditures committee who had asked the former president lo testily on reorganization legislation. Hoover said previous commitments prevented him I'rom appearing personally. Before Ihe committee are 29 re- oi-guni/aiion proposals, including several bills which would create a new Hoover commission. So tar. Congress has approved l\\o reorganisation plans submitted by President Truman. Both deal 1 with agencies under congressiona fire—the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Internal Rev enue Bureau. Four other plans submitted be 1 come effective next month ii neither the Senate nor the House vetoes them. Three would placf under civil service the appointment of postmasters, customs officials and U. S. marshals. The fourth would reorganize tha government of the District of Colum bia. One reorganization Hoover re commended strongly today wai transfer of flood control and Othei river responsibilities from tht army engineers to the Interior Dp. partment. President Truman several weekj ago prepared such a plan for tub- mission to Congress but canceJJi^ it after strong protests arose u> Congress and elsewhere. r

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