Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on March 13, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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PLUME 44—NUMBER 127 Served by the No, 1 News Organization -— The Associated Press Hope Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1943 <AP)—Means Associated Press .NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY is Push Near Kharkov Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Salary Limit Knocked Out Morgan Dies, Ending an Era The administration's love for issuing executive orders d it to take a beating in the House of Representatives ;||||ycste relay when the lower chamber voted two to one to strike "''out Roosevelt's edict limiting war-time salaries to $25,000 softer taxes. Essen Is Again Blasted by Big RAF Bombers London, March 13 — (/P) — Hearing new destruction on German targets on top of a record Smash at Essen by the RAF last night, a great fleet of U. S. Army Air Force heavy bombers thundered across the English channel to the Boulogne area this afternoon. Vapor trails streaming out behind the United States sky giants stretched from coast to coast of the channel, pointing the way to the bastions of Adolf Hit' e r's European citadel, which has been under almost constant day and n'ght assault for 17 days. There was only a one-night gap In the bombing schedule. Escorted by fighters, the American bombers soared nearly five miles high under the bright sun and soon returned from the direction of t Dieppe, indlcat'ng their targets had been only a short distance inland. Vapor tralis also streaked the summer - like sky between -® The president's order was ill- starred from thc very day of its announcement. Opponents made much of Ihc facl Hint the $25,000 salary limita- lion originated with thc Commun- isl.s. Mr. Roosevelt, of course, was motivated solely by thc war emergency—and it sometimes happens that what a Communist urges in days of peace becomes public policy during war. So there never was any particular point to thc fact that the salary limilalion idea originated with Ihc Communists. All of us arc compelled to do things in war-time that we don't like and wouldn't do except for the danger confronting the nation. The real opposition lo the salary limitation was that thc president issued an executive order ullcrly wilhoul congressional authority and quite remote from the war effort. No one for a moment thinks the idea originated with thc president. Somebody handed it lo him— omcbody connected with his Left Ving advisors. And the fact that nis proposal was "thought up" riginally by the Communists was 11 lhal was necessary lo sel Ihc ounlry on its ears. Nobody around our section of the ountry is particularly intcresled n the $25,000-a-ycar salary limita- ion. But thc idea that one man— ny man—can fix an arbitrary leadline for all the people is dan- erous. If today it is $25,000, lo- By RICE YAHNER ', London, March 13 — (/P) — Thc " il Royal Air Force's ever - mounting v > I pressure on Germany reached a "J new peak of dcslructivcncss last night when a cloud of four - en- ,gincd planes poured an attack on Eden, FDR to Review Allied War Problems Washington, March 13 —(/P)—Britain's Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, who last year negotiated a 20-year alliance between his country and Soviet Russia, starts with President Roosevelt today a series of historicconfcrcnccs designed to clear the way for meetings between all the United Nations on problems arising out of the war. The dapper diplomat flew into Washington yesterday amid echoes of recent speeches stressing the need of a satisfactory understanding between the western Democracies and Russia. He brought with him one of Britain's ouslanding experts on Russian problems -— William Strang, assistant undersecretary of stale in the foreign office, who participated in the 1939 Franco - British- Soviet talks in Moscow. After conferring with the president at the White House, Eden was expected to continue discussions with Secretary of Stale Hull and other government officials. Hull broke off a Florida vacation lo return to the capital. In Hie course of his several week's slay, it was considered likely Eden also would confer with Soviet Ambassador Maxim Litvinoff, China's foreign minister T. V. Soong, and pcrhpus with Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, wife of Ihe generalissimo. Here and in London, Ihe purpose of Eden's visit was seen as twofold: (1) A general exchange of views with the president and his policy-making advisers, and (2) thorough exploration of the best means of preparing for meetings between all the United Nalions gov- Stepping Stone in the Pacific SAMOA F.I..UII TUTUILA NEW ZEALAND MANDATE Base PAGO PAGO Pacific Ocean "Vc, MANUA ISLANDS ROSE u. S. POSSESSION ^ Ares show bomber range IDWAY '-SSnxfMy*" Poc/7/c Ocean V of 1500 miles merican bases bases MARSHALL ISLANDS GUADALCANAL iTownsvill* Coral Sea HEBRIDES X___NEW CALEDONIA Allied Bombers Pound Rommel's Men in Tunisia By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 13 —(/P)— Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower declared in a general order of the day dated March 9 that Allied forces under his command had beaten the enemy's attempt to break out of encirclement in Tunisia and that they would "push him back lo the sea <? and lo destruction.' Eisenhower's order of the day Isaid: : One of America's nesvest air bases is on the Sampan island of. ' Upolu. Map shows its function is more as a link in, the chain of bases from Hawaii to the southwest Pacific rather than an attack; point, for only the Jap-held Gilbert Islands _lie within bomber • range.' " norrow it may be $10,000 $5,000, crnmcnts for C0 nsidcralion of all $1,000 whatever one man thinks is aspects of the war al * d thc prob . it and'proper and able lo cn- exceeding that which burned shattered 450 acres of that ,!s{fity March 5. -«/f The air ministry had described -* last week's raid as probably thc heaviest blow of Ihc aerial war, ^ jnorc than 1,000 tons of bombs Tplant's buildings and leaving 30,000 'Jiomclcss, but it said last night's '<"-' raid was better still. J^ Thc pilots of thc great force over ;* } thc city last night said smoke from |thc carpet of fire set by Ihc block- 'jbubter bombs and incendiaries 'reached a height of 15,000 feet. "f Of the ground defenses strength f^cnccl so much since the raid las week, one pilot said the Germans i *" "seemed determined we shouldn' get through" and 23 bombers did not return. "f The air ministry's description o *i the attack indicated much more "'than 1,000 tons of bombs were turn bled on Ihe munitions center, bu details of the destruclion will have to await reconnaissance. ' Afler Ihc raid March 5, the ai ,, ministry said only the thousand iff bomber raids on Cologne could b Hf compared with it and indicated Es •*8£* v .ben had been hit harder, evci though fewer planes took part, be cause each bomber now carrie a greater load and the destruclive ness of Ihe explosives has ii fcieased. Thc crews reported two big ex- Eplosions wilhin len minutes after fthc raid began last night. Glicy said 5 a sheet of fire from one blast preached the height of 1,000 feet and they "could see the glow of flames when Ihey crossed Ihc Dutch coast "r on the way home," about 125 miles fiom the target. «*.'- Following up thc destruction T*i<lined on Essen, a heavy force of •5 four - cngined bombers, possibly American Flying Fortresses and f Liberators, was seen heading across the channel toward the continent in the early afternoon. 3» Slightly Higher Milk Prices in Arkansas Litlle Rock, March 13 — (Pi'} — Slightly higher prices were afford- *j**cd Arkansas Milk producers under U regional OPA price order which became et'feclive today along with revised retail and wholesale prices announced Thursday night. In areas where a 15 cents per > quart retail ceiling went into effect, distributors may pay $3.75 per hundredweight for four per cent bu ter fat as compared to the $3.00 in effect since Jan. 10. In 14 1-2 cents per quart retail areas, producers may charge $3.55; *in 14 cents ceiling areas $3.35; in 13 1-2 cent areas $3.15 and 13 cent areas $2.95. 'orce it by virtue of high office, jnless curbed by the duly-elected representatives of thc people. There were some comic cases under thc proposed $25,000 limitation —as for instance the case of the novic star who found herself, after publicity expenses, agent's commissions, etc., $4,000 in the red before she had begun to buy groceries. Thc safer way to settle this question, of course, is thc old-lime way —taxation according lo one's ability Lo pay, which in turn is decided by liow much one is able to earn under the system of free American enterprise. * -K As I write this the lelctypc brings in news of thc death in Florida of James Pierpont Morgan, 75. Son of the man of the same name, his death bring to an end the era of American private banking which started when the elder Morgan acted as a government purchasing agent for the Union army during the War Between thc Slates. The tradition was carried on when his son, the man who died today, acted as purchasing agent for Great Britain and France during World War No. 1. Critics have told for three generations that the Morgans manag ed wars lo make personal millions out of them. And yet, lhal is nol Ihe whole slory. Many in our own community know that much of thc money thc younger Morgan handled for the Allies in 1914-18 found ils way down South in dollar-a-pount cotton. So far as war is concerned, some will always make money oui of it. But Uie slory of Ihe House of Morgan goes beyond war. In Ihe long view of it the Morgan dynasty will be remembered foi having put together General Motors corporation and other industrial giants, touching thc way of living of all their fellow millions of Americans—cars on thc highway, re- lems arising out of it. One of the difficulties to be faced in planning for such general United Nations conferences is the fact that not all of the United Nations arc fighting both Germany and Japan. All of (hem could confer on Ihe general war and postwar situation, but Russia, for instance, is not at war with Japan and would not be likely to participate in any discussion of specific problems in- -olving the war with Nippon. Contributors to County Red Cross Drive Hope Hardware Company $57.10 Hall Brothers Cleaners 25.00 Hotel Barlow 33.75 Dr. L. M. Lile 15.00 Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Hankins Jr 5.00 Administration Split on Farm Prices Seen BY OVID A. MARTIN Washington, March 13 — (/P) — Signs of a split within the admin- istratoin's economic high command over farm price policies bobbed up today as the Office of Prcie Administration ordered sub - parity price ceiling continued on thc country's major agricultural commodity -- corn. Thc OPA action came as an ad- milled surpirsc lo farm leaders who earlier had been informed by sources close lo Secretary of Agriculture Wickard that thc Administration had decided lo make a con- ccssoin to the congressional farm bloc in thc form of a parity corn Diamond Cafe 25.00 L. A. Keith 5.00 Deward Boll 3.00 Mrs. Arch Moore 5.00 Mr. & Mrs. O. H. Pcnnybaker 8.00 Miss Marjorie Snider 5.00 Mr. & Mrs. John P. Vescy 10.00 S. L. Reed 5.00 Mrs. A. M. Key 10.00 Mrs. W. H. Hutchison 5.00 Mrs. J. L. White 5.00 Dr. & Mrs. Thomas Brewstcr 10.00 Mrs. C. R. Hamilton & family 5.00 Mrs. L. M. Lilc 5.00 Mr. & Mrs. C. M. Agee 5.00 Mr. & Mrs. J. A. Collier 5.00 Juianita Gentry 5.00 ceiling. Coninuancc of thc sub - parity frigerators in thc home. Right or wrong about their beginning, the Morgans in their prime unconsciously did much that was good and worth-while and will be remembered. And Americans, with their deep- seated distrust of political government iittempling to prey on Ihe rights of private citizens, are likely o be easier on the name of Morgan in death than they were while Ihc rnan still lived. -*••*• Adolf And Tojo Moan When U. S. Horses Die Lexington, Ky. M 3 )—If your horse dies, the loss may be felt more severely by the Germans or Japs, according to a farm bulletin issued by the University of Kentucky. In reducing the value of dead animals to terms of waste fat for glycerine, farmers were told a dead horse would suuply enough fat to make glycerine for 75 anti-aircraft shells; a dead sheep, 15 shells; 1 100- pound pig, 50 shells; a cow, 80 shells; a small calf, five shells. Speci'i! collectors pick up stock which dies on farms. Seminole Remedies Sought By Scientists Palm Beach, Fla. M') — Modern science and the ancient lore of the Seminole Indian medicine men may get together lo relieve a shortage of war-needed durgs, especially quinine. Here at the southern laboratories of the Inslitulum Divi Thomae, expeditions already have been scnl into the Everglades to locale quiiv ine-like plants to test their medicinal qualities. A number are undergoing such tests under the direction of Dr. Alfred Lor.sing. But while this work is going on, the Inslitulum scienlists, headed by Dr. George Sperti, director of the organization, are investigating ancient Seminole remedies which have been handed down through the generations. They plan lo subject these remedies to modern scientific tests and adopt any useful qualities for war work. ceiling was directed by Economic Stabilization Director James F. Byrnes. Under the price control law Wickard has power to veto OPA farm ceilings except when orerruled by Byrnes. Shortly after the OPA order was issued, a spokesman for the agriculture department authorized the statement that "the mailer has not been setlled yet." Thc spokesman said Wickard believed it was unnecessary that the ceiling be raised to the parity level to prevent a possible breakdown in the government's liveslock, dairy and poulty production programs. Back of the whole question is Ihe insistence of congressional farm leaders lhal the foccnimcnl refrai,, from placing ceilings on agricultural procuts at below parity levels. After a temporary ceiling was placed on corn at 92 per cent of parity, Ihe farm bloc, with votes of administration leaders, put through the Senate a bill sponsored by Senator Bankhcad (D-Ala) barring sub-parity ceilings. The measure 'now is pending in Ihc house.. Pound Of Tea Brings $200 In Norway London 1/P)—A pound of tea, vir-1 Navy Cook's Recipe For Coffee Cake Londonderry (/!')—R. K. Rhoads of San Frincisco, Calif., a baker at Ihe U. S. naval base, has a new recipe for coffee cake which is a liil here. Rhoads' recipe is designed for large-scale feeding bul he passes it along lo American housewives: Take 10 pounds of sugar, 7'a pounds of lard, five ounces ol suit and cream Uie ingredients. Then add 34 pounds of flour, IVj pounds of baking powder and two gallons of milk. For the topping, cream 2-,i pounds of sugar, 2'/2 pounds of lard, five ounces of cinnamon ami lemon extract lo laste. Then add five pounds of flour. Midway Field Continues to Show Promise Stamps. Arlc.. March 13, (Special to the Hope Star).—The Midway field continues to be the most active in Lafayelle county also the most promising, after the W. G. Ray Drilling Company this week plugged and abandoned it's War nock-Lccroy No. 1 wildcat tes southeast of Bradley at a depth o G326 feet. Salt water is said to have been thc cau'se of abandonment Exacl localion was in Ihe C SW SW scclion 3-20-24. Thc test was < definite disappointment as hope? were high for a producer since i was only three miles north of Hun Oil Company's recent succcssfu venlurcs in Norlh Bossier Parish La. Aclivily in Ihe Midway area in eludes Arkansas Fuel Oil Company drilling below 5900 feet at the Luzenia Creek No. 2 in section 913-24, Barnsdall Oil Company was below 4000 feet at the Millard F. Creek No. 2 NE SE seclion 1015-24. Southwood Oil Company was clearing location and building derrick at ils Hodnelt No. 9 SE NE seclion 18-15-23, one of several lests this company has yet to drill in Ihe field. Gene Goff's newest localion Ihc Darnell No. 2 NE NE scclion 915-24 remains a location. Tidewater Associated Oil Company obtained permission lo re- pcrforale its Bendaw No. 1 C of NE NW seclion 32-17-24 south of Lewisville which was completed last year, but was nol giving salisfac- tion. Perforations were made between 9310 and 9325 and the lest is making 75 barrels per day on C/64 inch choke. Ohio Oil Company abandoned its test between Stamps and Lewisville which was being tried for re- completion. The Icsl was known as Ihc Garner No. 1 in scclion 1316-24. Salt water encroached and further drilling was thought by operators to be futile. "During the past Ihrcc weeks Ihc enemy has been allacking us in Tunisia in the ccnlcr, in the north and in the south. "Some of the fighling has been bilter and we have suffered losses, but the enemy has been once frus- Iralcd and Iwice defealcd in his allempls lo break the Allied ring encircling him. "Possibly he will make further and desperate efforts, but I know that the troops of our field armies will, with the continued effective support of our Navy and Air 'orces, inexorably push him back o Ihc sea and lo deslruction. "I lake this opportunity to express my pride in the inclusion of -he eighth army and the western desert air force in the Allied forces in North Africa, which I am so lonored to command. "These forces will continue lo typify the unified purpose of the Brit- sih, French and Americans and the i unified purpose of our Naval, air and ground contingenls to force thc Axis lo uncondilional surrender. 'I thank all ranks of the Army, Navy and Air Forces for their recent great effort. "For the immediate future I know that each one of us has no other thought than to do his full duty and-more in clearing Tunisia of Ihe enemy." Allied Headquarters in North Africa, March 13 — (/P)— Allied bombers blasted military objectives of Sousse and Tunis with fire-setting raids yesterday and attacked both land and sea transport of the Axis as ground fighting on the Tunisian front dwindled again to patrolling. The Eighht Army's lines in the Mareth line seclor, having thrown off probing thrusts by Field Marshal Erwin Rommel with a violence that cost him heavy casualties, remained unchanged, a communique said. , • "Our bombers made heavy attacks on the docks and railway yards at Sousse yesterday," the Bomber Crew Killed in Sheridan Crash Sheridan, March 13 — I/I') — An Army heavy bomber crashed cighl miles northwest of here in a heavily wooded area late yesterday, killing all on board. Air force officers from Lilllc Rock who took charge of the widely scattered wreckage said Ihe number killed and Ihoir idenlities would be announced, probably today, by Ihe craft's home base. The base was not disclosed. The plane fell in a dirt road but in crashing did not clip down surrounding trees. Residents of the area reported the crtish shook windows four miles away. Wreckage was strewn over 100 yard area, An investigaling board of Army officers, headed by Capt. E. P. AS- mus of Adams Field, Little Rock, arrived about an hour after the plane fell. Asmus said thc crash occurred about 4:45 p.m. and that the ship was "badly .demolished." Soldiers from Little Rock were posted around thc wreckage. Russians Expand Push Beyond Seized Vyzama ii ;M — The Red bulletin reported. "Many hits were seen on both targets and large fires were left burning. "Objectives at Enfidaville were bombed by a formation of medium bombers. Other medium bombers attacked a convoy of motor barges making for Tunis and sank at least three of them. Six enemy aircraft were destroyed during these three operations. "Last night our bombers allackcd the docks at Tunis, starling a large fire." In addilion to these thrusts at enemy bases, fighter-bombers destroyed a number of vehicles on of- J. P. Morgan of Banking Firm Dies Today Boca Grande, Fla., March 13 — (/P)— John Pierpont Morgan, of New York, wizard of finance and the ruler of a tremendous banking empire, died at 3:15 a. m. today at this isolaled Gulf of Mexico island to which he had come for a faca- lion at fishing. The 75-year-old financier succumbed to a recurring heart ailment which twice before in recent years had stricken him. He lapsed into a coma three days ago and never regained consciousness. The multi-millionaire head of the House of Morgan became ill February 25 on a train enroute to Boca Grande. Upon his arrival, he walked the two blocks from the railroad station to a resort cpXtage at the exclusive 'Gasparilla Irnv'He" went to bed immediately and, although twice he rallied and made progress, never fully recovered. Wilh Morgan at the end were a son, Lieut. Comdr. Henry Sturgis Morgan of the naval reserve who had arrived a few hours earlier, and a daughter, Mrs. Paul G. Pen- noycr. Another daughter, Mrs. George Nichols, had been at the bedside earlier, but left when her father appeared lo be winning his fight. She could not get back in time. The financcir's elder son, Comdr. Junius Spencer Morgan, is on foreign duty with thc navy. D-.H.S.Patterson, Morgan's personal physician who flew from New York to lake charge of thc sickroom, announced Morgan's death. The body will be taken to New York on a train leaving here late this afternoon. Lieutenant Commander Morgan and Mrs. Pennoyer will be in attendance aboard the special Pullman car. During Morgan's illness residents and tourists respected the family's desire for privacy, and no crowds of curious ever gathered around the roomy collage. Except for Ihe presence of three physicians, six nurses and a few newspapermen, there was no outward sign that one of the nation's most powerful figures was dcspcr- London, March 13 Army defending Kharkov has repulsed enemy altacks hi violent en- -, gagements west of the city but the it, , Germans continued their push in /' the night's fighting, the Russian* 1 noon communique as recorded by-' the Soviet radio monitor here said 1 today. •••-''• \ ' "Disregarding their tremendous^ , losses in manpower and material, the Hitleriles continues their push a towards the city," 'the war bulle--; ' tin said. ' ' "In Iwo days of fighting, units of \ 'X' formation destroyed 36 German > *• tanks* and more than 100 trucks j and killed several thousand Germans. "South of Kharkov Red Army men of 'X' formation disabled or aurned out 11 German tanks and killed about 300 German officers and men." The communique broadcast was delayed after ils regular period. The Moscow radio devoted that time instead lo repeating a special announcement of last night which said 18,000 men, women and children had been shot or poisoned by the Germans during their occupation of Rostov. The playing of funeral music followed its reading. The midday communique also said the Russians were expanding ' their offensive west of newly - won Vyazma. Several towns were captured west of the city and German garrisons along heavily - fortified defense lines retreated in disorder when they were faced by encirclement, the war bulletin said. About 400 enemy dead and a large quantity of arms remained on the battlefield, it was declared. Several more towns were cap- miles northeast of Smolensk, in a Red Army advance ' which overwhelmed German resistance, the Russians said. The communique repeated the statement that Vyazma was cap- • tured after violent engagements re- tured after violent engagements and added: "In the period during their occupation and before their retreat* the Germans devastated and destroyed thc town. "In all Sovicl villages and towns, the Hitlerites engaged in open brigandage and plunder. The destruction they carried out in Vyaz- ma was heavier than anywhere else. The German v bandits ransacked and destroyed all cultural institutions and historical monuments in this town. "The Fascist Barbarians ransacked and demolished the local drama theater, the cinema, the museum, schools, the house of colture, Ihe railway men's club, the house of young pioneers and Ihe local hospital. Ancient buildings built in the first half of the 18th century have been turned into ruins. The German Fascist invaders also demolsihed the Vyazma cathedral." fcnsive sweeps in Ihe Scdjenane I atcly ill in the little resort town. area of North Tunisia and western desert air force bombers again al- lackod Rommel's positions in thc Mareth line. In fact, Morgan had been in bed more than a week before the oul- sidc world learned hcwasill. The first word came from his offcic at "In an attack by enemy fighter- 2 3 Wall Street in New York, where bombers on one of our air fields, one of the enemy was shot down by our fighters and four more by anli - aircraft and the small arms fire of ground troops," thc com- munique said. Belatedly, it reported the dc- slruction of another Axis bomber Thursday night. Thc site was nol said Draught Horses Ease Draft Problems Topeku, Kas. Wi—A Topeka lually unobtainable in Norway for dairy's labor turnover has been Ihe pasl year, recently sold for $200 on the Norwejiitsn b'acK nuirket. The Norwegian Telegraph Agency said six young men were fined and sentenced to jail for three to six months on a charge of selling the ten at Ihis fantastic price. i pretty heavy, what with war, but the manager says he's thankful for at least one thing. They have been using horses for several months and now some of the older horses are capable of teaching the new women drivers thc routes. Six More Arkansans Are Jap Prisoners Washington, March 13 — (/Pi—Six Arkansans arc on a list made public by thc War Department today of United States soldiers held prisoner by the Japanese in Ihe Philippines. They are, wilh nexl of kin: Pvl. J. C. Atkinson, mother Mrs. Josephine Atkinson, Rl. 1, El D> rado. Pfc. Ople L. Jaggers, Isaac Jaggers, Ferguson. Pfc. Eugene Jernigan. Mrs. Maxine Slaughter, Main, Marianna. Pfc. Thomas S. Jones, Mrs. Fannie Marie Jones, 322 Miller St., Helena. Pfc. Quentin A. Lawrence, falher Walter R. Lawrence, Russellvillc. Pfc. Norman Loftin, mother Mrs. Iva Hbibs, Loeksburg. It has been estimated that 15 Record Breaking Income Tax Payments By The Associated Press Record-breaking receipts in most districts contrasted sharply with won't father Morgan al 3:15 o'clock today at Boca Grande, Fla." Son of the first John Picrponl Morgan who founded Ihc famous banking firm in Ihc 1890's, Morgan .,,,,, . . , headed thc firm through Ihc First :ig will-o -lhe-w,sp which >• d sion fighting men in Ihe battle o£ the 1930 . s and jn thjs SecomJ World War. During the First World War, his bank handled for thc Allies loans amounting to hundreds of millions of dollars and after the war floated billions of dollars in loans in Wall Street for foreign governments. million tons of feed will be needed Ihis year to mak U.S. chickens lay their quota of 5 billion dozen t-ygs. specified. I Three Allied aircraft were to have failed to return. Victory in Tunisia — the first requisite for a future Allied front in Southern Europe — has become a tantalizing will-o'-the-wisp which veteran zone speak of in terms of months not weeks. There can be no doubt thai Ihis Axis bridgehead in Africa will be smashed. But on an eleven - day flying lour from African headquarters to the area before the Marelh line, !hat magnitude of the job facing Gen. Dwight D. Elsenshower ground and air forces makes as , I sharp and painful an impression as j mother j a punch on the nose. ! 204 E. \ 5.03 Inches Rainfall in County This Week Rainfall of 5.03 inches in the past three days was reported today by the weather department of the University of Arkansas Experiment station. The recordings which are checked each morning at 7 o'clock follow: Thursday 31 inches associates announced he had been » n w ° n , attitude among su-ickcn and that they were con- £ ? usand^of^orkers ^ today ^ „ Upon Morgan's death, his associates in New York issued this statement: "Thc directors of J. P. Morgan and Co., Inc., announce! with deepest regret Ihc death of Mr. J. P. Friday Saturday 2.35 inches 2.37 inches Retain Reported to Have Suffered Stroke Algiers, March 13 — (.¥)— Underground reports when reached French Norlh Africa today said Marsnal Petain suffered a stroke several days ago and is in a critical condition and probably dying in a hospital near Vichy. Pelain's illness was reported being kepi secret from the trench public. — . ^f^^ff...— Factory inspection became a responsibility of the British government In dug down lo give government, js grcalest income tax in history. Tax filings were far ahead of past years in New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Seallle and many olh- cr areas as the March 15 deadline approached, a survey disclosed. But in Cleveland, the Internal Revenue office reported, war workers were adopting a "come-and- gct-me" pose, and in Portland, Ore. where more than 100,000 shipyard workers have settled in the past year, collections were below Ihe 1941 level. In New York's second distrcit— Ihe richest income tax districl in. the nation — taxpayers poured $70,000,000 inlo Internal Revenue Offices yesterday alone. One oul of every letlers handled by the Chicago postoffiee yesterday was addressed to Ihe Internal Revenue Office, making the collector the bgigest postal customer in Uie city's history. In Ihe Chicago loon, a two-clock line four abreasl waiter to file returns, one man turning in a check for $7,500.000 as quarterly payment of a corporation's tax Dili. "We have found the people in thc war plants, as well as in other industries, and thc public generally, most cooperative," reported Rlar- rencc S. Haggcn, divisional cnief. of Internal Revenue in Seattle. r The call of a trumpeter swan can be heard as far as two miles.

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