THE HUTCHINSON VOL. VII. HUTCHISON, KANSAS, TUESDAY, APRIL 19, 1891 NO. aos. First-class Millinery Reasonable Prices. at ONE PRICE GASH HOUSE. WE 6:30 Except on Saturdays. A RUSH FOR HOMES. The Arapahoe and Cheyenne Lands Opened to Settlement. AT HIGH NOON THE RACE BEGAN. Are LEADERS in all things pertaining to the interest of the Public, and their shelves are always filled with new and desirable goods at the lowest prices. We quote here a few good thing* received in the past week in OUR LINEN DEPARTMENT: Best Renfrew Turkey Red Table Damask. I At 101) Warranted fast and usually sold at 50c. At Tub 5 piece old fashioned BLUE DAMASK fast jjQ At UUu colors, full 60 inches wide. Very good at price At i if; I 20 doz. Extra Heavy Ai Ivv els, Red border, size unbleached Turkish tow- 22x42 inch, worth 20c each at 15c ML 6 pieces 18 inch Extra Heavy Brown TWIL- \f\ 0 At lUu LED crash, worth 12^c per yard. At lUli 4 pieces Cotton Windsor Crash, 16 inch. JL At 11 J Worth 6ic a yard. At % At At 50 dozen Heavy Huck Linen Towels. 124c each. Worth At iOc 21c 75 dozen Turkey Red Breakfast Napkins. 01 A Good for 25c a dozen. At ulu ,vt 69c 30 Turkey Red Table Spreads, full 8-4 PQn size. Good value for 75c each At UUu QCfl yard. 1 piece of The Famous Magenta QCA QUd Table Dmsk Polka Dot design, 64 in wide At QUO |Kpl8in. Fine Embroidery Crash. |Cn jjc lot Worth 17lc a yard. At IDC ^ Ifin JUST EST. 10 pieces new white Ifln At lUb goods. Worth 121 and 15c yard. At IUC 7CA each. At I Ju cases white 10-4 Yet remaining from 3 7En -, ~white 10-4 Honey comb I Jo quilts about 60. SECURE ONE. At P.MARTIN & CO. The Only One Price Cash House in Hutchinson. ft order Department. Attention strict and"prompt| A Cauuon Boomed Out the Hour of Twelve O'clock, iintl with » Hurrah the Settlers Started ror Their Coveted Clnlma— Disappointment Over the Quality or the Lands—No fteriu'tiB itllshnpn Reported. IONGFISIIKH, 0. T., April 10.—The Cheyenne and Arapahoe reservation, where thirty thousand citizens of the United States found homes to-day, is situated in the Indian Territory, between the Cherokee outlet on the north and the r Kiowa, Comanche and Apache reservation on the south. Its eastern border adjoins Oklahoma and its western the Panhandle of Texas. Its area is much greater than it is generally understood, to be. It would make two Oklahomas or five Rhode Islands. The states of Connecticut and Rhode Island could be set down in it and there would still remain room for four Districts of Columbia. It contains about 6,500 square miles, or four millions of acres. Out of this resident Indians have been marked by the government 530,900 acres, 'giving to each of the 3,350 aboriginnes 100 acres each. There was left for general settlement about three and a half million acres, which allowing a quarter section, or 100 acres, to eaeh homcseeker, would accommodate about 22,000 settlers out side of town sites, Very few of the thousands who have been waiting for weeks on the border and in frontier towns for to-day's final rush had anything but the vaguest idea as to the real character of the land they were so anxious to possess Exaggerated reports of the wondrous fertility of the land were readily believed and were not easily contradicted, for only very few people had that intimate knowledge of the country upon which to baso a successful contradiction. So when the rush was made to-day the boomers believed they were entering upon a Garden of Eden. When they had reached their claims, had staked them off and took an opportunity to survey their broad acres they found that instead of a Harden of Eden, a promised land flowing with milk and honey as they had fondly believed, they had really possessed themselves of a section of very ordinai'y western prairie land flowing with nothing but high grass and streams, bitter with alkali. That at least is what i* great majority of them found. Some of the land, as a • matter of course, especially that along river bottoms and in valleys is excellent farming land, but the Indians were sensible enough to choose most of it. Of the land remaining to white settlors some of it was good, but most of it was very poor. Many Of those who rushed in full of hope will soon ruBh out to take advantage of the next gift of land by the government. The Cimarron riyer runs across the northeast corner of the new county. South of it is the North' Ifork of the Canadian river. Further south is the South Fork of the Canadian, and still further south Washita. The bottom lands along these rivers has been all, or mostly all taken up by the Indians. These bottoms are not very wide and the land on both sides of them rises very rapidly and into grassy plateaus: Over the divides the lands become level prairies, poorly watered, similar to much of western Kansas. Between the two branches of the Canadian the land is rather rough, but much of it is good for farming, The Canadian forks are neither of them very reliable. The north branch, the Indians say, runs dry about once five years, while there are times in every year when the South Canadian nothing but a long chain of brackish mud holes. The greatest trouble the settlers will encounter in raising crops in the Canadian country will be from drouth. Those familiar with the country say the settlers will be fortunate if they raise one crop in three. The best and richest part of the new- country is along the valley of the Washita river in county H. The Washita is a smaller stream than the Canadian rivers, but it never goes dry and its valley is always green. There is also very fine country along Deer creek, which flows through, county H, and empties into the South Canadian in the Wichita reservation. The land in county E, the northwestern county, is part of the great west ern desert. It is a waste of sand and Is hardly fit to pasture goats on. A very good estimate can be formed of the desirability of the lands in the different counties from the number of Indian allotments in each, for the Indians have undoubtedly sought for the best lands, .i In Kingfisher county 105 allotments have been made; in Canadian county, 542; in county C, 1,283; in county D, 459; in county F, 86 in county G, 435; in county II, 329; in county E, none. The settlers.as observed in the towns while waiting to pass to the border and on their way thither, appeared to be as a rule thrifty, energetic and determined to wrest from the stubborn soil a better living than they had been able to gain in their old homes. Of course there are numbers of shiftless people, careless of the future, who joined the rush out of the excitement of thingB; others who \yere drawn to the lands in the hope of profitting by speculation, and still others who, "got left" at the opening of the Iowa, Sac and Fox, Kickapoo and Pottawattomie lands last year, and who, made an other attempt to secure homes at this opening. The scarcity of the negro is one of the surprising things of the occupancy of the new lands, taken in connection with numerous reports of the formation of negro colonies and thetr jour- ueyings toward the lands. An estimate by a newspaper man' who has ridden nearly around the whole border during the past week places the proportion of negroes to tiie whole number of settlers at only fifteen per cent. It was confidently expected that they would comprise fully half of the homeseekcrs. The greater part of the negro settlers gathered at Langston and Cimarron, negro towns, that were organized at the time of the opening of the eastern reservations a year ago. From those two towns they proceeded, most of them on foot, to the eastern and southern boundaries of the Cheyenne country, where they all settled as near as possible to one another in bundles. Nearly all the remaining negroes entered lands from the south and west, having come from Texas. There was no organization among the latter and they took up claims independent of each other, much after the manner of their white brethren. The blanket Indian amid all the rush and bustle, hurry and excitement, preserved, his imperturbable indifference. The only thing that caused anything near surprise was the number of white people. It was the' first time he ever came to know that there are more white people in the world than 1 n- dians. Otherwise he observed all the exciting scenes without the least show of surprise or curiosity. It- was apparently a very great bore to him. lie was not even enough interested in the" white man's scramble for land to stay on his own claim to prevent it boin^' jumped. There are, however, soveral reasons for that. To-morrow is ration day at the agency and nothing was ever known to keep an Indian away from the agency when there is ' anything to eat in sight. He will loaf around the agency until he receives his rations, regardless of what may be transpiring on his claim. He will drive away his beef, gorge to his full capacity, let his claim go to dogs and wait for the next ration day. The blanket Indians are as a rule peaceably inclined. The Arapa- hoes especially seem very docile. They never have and probably never will make much trouble. The Cheyennes, too, arc good naturcd- enough so long as they are left alone in peace. When they were first put on the reservation in 1870, after their famous and fatull aid through Kansas, they chafed under the restraint and caused much trouble. Since then they have been conducting themselves very well. They are quick to anger, however, and resent any imposition upon their rights. Let the settler jump an allotment anil ho would not live to drive! the first stake. Indifference is not the only cause of the Indian's want of surprise at the invasion of their lands. The have the promise of their Messiah that the white men shall bo swept from earth and thalt the Indians shall be returned to his former dominion. They have been engaging in ghost dances for a month past, and many of their wise old men have had visions and conveyed to their tribe the Messiah's promiso.'*''They were at first surprised that the inessiah should allow the preparation for the invasion to proceed, but when Chief Left Hand received a revelation to the effect that ihe destruction of the whites was delayed only for a short time, their surprise gave wa^r to abiding faith in the ultimate extinction of their natural ehemy. "He will come," they say,"He will come when the grass grows tall and the sun grows hot. He will come and drive iihe white man from the Indians' eojntvy." In the meantime the savages will make no effort at civilizing themselves. They will eat the government's rations and will await passively and hopefully mcsiahs coming and their restoration to their lost possessions. The will not work. They are not permitted to sell their lands for twenty-five years, but they can lease it for three years and that ! s what most of them will do. There is another class of Indians, however, who have absorbed something of the nature of the white man. This is a great day for him. Everything he possessed was saleable. His pony, his gun, and his knowledge of the country were all articles of value and to-day he bartered them all for a consideration. He was a bureau of information, guide and horse trader. 11 is notable that those who employed Indian guides secured choice claims for well did the Indians ' know their location and the shortest and least difficult routes to them. KANSAS DEMOCRATS. They are Now Assembled in Convention at Salina. A STRONG CLEVELAND SENTIMENT. Delegates Will He -Selected to the Chicago Convention Favorable to the Nomination or the Kx-t'rosldeiit^The "Young Crowd" Calls for a Now l>cul—Opposition to n Fasloli With the L'coplo'rt Party. KANSAS CITT, April 10.—The Star's Salina, Kansas, special says: The Democratic state convention to elect delegates to the national convention will meet here to-day. A requisition issued for that purpose would fail to find a single delegate who is not in favor of electing delegates favorable to the nomination of ex-President Cleveland and the delegates chosen to represent the people of Kansas at the national convention will vote for him to a man. There is a decided split in the Demo craticparty, notwithstanding the unanimity of the desire to see Cleveland nominated. The factions are made up of old and young crowds, the latter being much more outspoken than the Republican organization which bears the same name. The young crowd is crying for a new deal. It is also fighting Governor Glick and fusion, and the Democratic editors are at the head of it. They have a slate arranged which includes the names of T. Me- Intyro of the Arkansas City Democrat, and Win. Mitchell,of Newton, for dole- gates at large. Mclntyro is president of the Democratic Editorial Association, and Mitchell is railroad commissioner. Six dolegates-at-large will be chosen and the delegates from the various congressional districts will name their respective delegates. There are eight candidates for delegates-at- large. They are ex-Governor Gliek, Tully Scott, of Oberlin, T. Mclntyre, of Arkansas City, W. M. Mitchell, of Newton, Thomas P.Fenlon, of Leavenworth, W, C. Jones, of lola, W.F.Sapp, of Pittsburg and Thomas (1. Firth* of Wichita. distinct wings of the Kepublican party in this state, the "regulars'" and the "reformers." The latter are mainly white, and conservative. The county conventions of both elements ,'hrough- ont the state have in every instance endorsed the present administration. The fight between tho two elements Is simply one of recognition. LU MB E R ¥UR7JED. The Race for Uoiuea. El. RK.NO, O. T„ April 19.—The Chey enne und Arapahoe reservation wai opened to settlement at noon to-day. At that hour a cannon which had been taken to the border from Fort Reno boomed forth the signal that noon was at hand. The signal was taken up by tho cavalrymen who were stationed within hearing distance all around the border. Their carbines repeated it, and the race for homes had begun, The oldFif th cavalrywhlch had in years passed convoyed many tribes of Indians by force of arms, officiated today at the peaceful subjugation of the lauds of the Cheyennes and Arapahoes. They have no particular love for the red men and it was some satisfaction that they sounded the signal which gave this land to -his natural enemy tho white settler. Simultaneously with the booming of the caunon and the cracking of car bines there was heard, the shouting of excited men, the thundering of horses' hoofs, and the creaking of wagons and the groaning of prairie schooners. The horsemen were, of course, first away. They were mostly bound for the claims along the rivers in the interior and had soon distanced their slower rivals for the prizes of the race. The details of the race cannot he learned until late to-night. Up to 1 o'clock no serious accident had been reported, al though a few minor mlslinps occurred at the start. Election In Louisiana. NEW OIU.KANB, April 19.—One of the most heated political campaigns in the history of this state closed last night, and to-day the election is in progress. All the indications in this city this morning and all tho telegrams from outside points point to tho polling of an enormous vote. There are two Democratic tickets in the field, one headed by Murphy J. Foster, and the other by L. C. MeEnery. There are also two Republican tickets, with It. H. Leonard and Joseph E. Breaux as the candidates for governor. A couple of weeks ago a primary election was held throughout the state for tho purpose of deciding which of the Democratic candidates should remain in the field. MeEnery received a majority of 1,725, but soveral precincts were thrown out by the returning board, and, as a result, Foster was declared the nominee. MeEnery is the lottery candidate and Foster the anti-lottery candidate. This action has created extreme bitterness throughout tho state. Leonard is the regular nominee of the Republicans for governor, while the Breaux ticket which owes its existence to a disaffected element in the Republican party, is supported largely by federal officeholders. Owing to tho division in the Democratic camp, the Republicans feel confident that Leonard will be returned to-day, Ex-Sohator William Pitt Kellogg, who is a delegate at large to the Minneapolis convention, and who made an energetic canvass of the state in the interest of the regular ticket says that the latter has eight-tenths of the Republican votes in the state, and that with a fair count it is certain to be carried. He is certain that Leonard will receive 60,000 votes. This would leave Breaux about eight thousand with eighty-seven thousand to be divided equally between the two Democratic candidates, thus giving Leonard a clear majority of about nine thousand, There is also, a People's Party ticket in this field, but it is not likely to poll more than five thousand votes. Another estimate places the total state vote at 190,000, 45,000 going to MeEnery, 62,500 to Foster, 02,500 to the Loonard-Kellogg combination, 10,000 to the Breaux-Warmoth element, and 5,000 to the grangers. The total Republican vote is estimated on the supposition that the Foster-Alliance people will get the negroes to vote the Foster ticket. The Foster faction has, outsid6 of the parish of Orleans, . all the election machinery in its hands, and Governor Nichols, who controls it, is the main-stay of that faction. The indications are that the legislature will be divided bdtwecn all elements represented in to-day's fight, and in this event the third party people will hold the balance of power. Trouble is feared at several points in the state where the feeling has run high. Weather Indication*. WASHINGTON, April 10.~Forecast till 8 p. m. Wednesday. For Kansas Showers, turning into snow in the extreme west; northeasterly gales. Kenosha, Wisconsin, f.nses ti Half Million Dollars hy Fire. KKNoaifA, Wis., April 19.— A fire broke out in the Northwestern Mattress fnctory at 3 o'clock this morning. Sutherland's lumber yard afterward took fire and by fl o'clock three blocks of buildings and lumber piles were in flames, with the conflagration beyond control. Itiicinc, Milwaukee and Harvard responded to the call for help, lleforc the aid arrived the firo had spread to a fourth block. With the assistance of the eugines from the surrounding towns and from Milwaukee the firo had at 9 o'clock been brought under control. The loss will reach $500,000. The fire was got under control about 10 o'clock. The first alarm was givon at 3:30 from the works of the Northwestern Wire Mattress company. The wind was blowing a gale from the southeast and it was only a short time when the fire had spread to the vast piles of lumber adjoining. The Kenosha lire engine was useless aud Mayor Petit immediately telegraphed to Milwaukee, Racine, Harvard, Waukegan and Rockford asking for assistance. It was 6:3(1 before two engines from Milwaukee arrived, the first on the scene. There wer« twelve flre- men, with Assistant Chief Memralnger in charge. Racine, Waukegan, Bock- ford and llarvard ffremen arrived shortly afterwards vMtli one engine each. In the meantime tho Northwestern Mattress works had been destroyed and the fire had spread to the plant which was also destroyed, followed by George S. Baldwin's coal sheds. At 8 o'clock the entire lumber district, taking in an area of eight blocks, was a mass of burning timber. Tho heat was intense and the firemen were inpelled to retreat at times and tight the tire at a distance. The gale subsided about 0:30, end tho firemen for the first time began to get the flames under control. Tliere were numorous fires about, but they were quickly put out. The plant of tho Northwestern Wire Mattress Co., is a total loss, together with all the machinery recently purchased and about 7,000,000 feet of lumber. The Head it Sutherland company's Btorage warehouse was consumed, together with 3,000,000 feet of lumber. The llain Wagon company loses about 2,500,000 feet of lumber.. Their works wore not in the burned district. The companies' IOSSCB are as follows. Northwestern Wire Mattress company, 8350,000; Bain Wagon company, 940,000, Head <fc Sutherland company, 815,000, the George S. Baldwin company, 820,000; Kenosha Crib company, £20,000. THE WYOMING TROUBLES. Cleveland and (lortnnii. NKW YORK, April 19.—A Washington dispatch embodies this: "It may now be stated positively that there is a friendly understanding between Senator Gorman and Cleveland. Gorman will not try to prevent Mr. Cleveland's nomination, but on the other hand if the trend of events show that Cleveland's nomination will be out ,«t the quustion, it is probable, that a good share of Cleveland's following will go to Gorman by and with the advice and consent of Cleveland himself. nottills of the KUlliiR of Four Men at "T.A," llaiu'.li. OMAHA, Neb., April 19.—A special from Douglass, Wyoming, says: It is quite evident that all tho press telegrams from Buffalo are in a measue controlled by local feeling. The bulk of matter sent out is probably true, but only a portion of the facts are told. Three member's of the cattlemen's party were killed at the ranch where the regulators were besoiged, and another was shot down while the surrender was being arranged under a flag of truce. The three men killed were Texans, who were shot in passing from an improvised fort to a cellar, a few yards distant, where the party kept supplies. A man named Linvull passed through Douglass yesterday en route to Chcy- enue. He said he was at T. A. run eh a few days after the surrender of the invaders and saw the bodies of three men lying on the ground. He did not dare to examine them, hut was close enough to make sure that they were dead men who had probably been overlooked by the military when the party surrendered, and had been allowed to lie there ever since. A fourth man was a Texan named Lowther, who, according to Buffalo dispatches, was accidentally shot while the surrender was taking place, and who has since died. Another member of the invading party, a teamster named Green, who was wounded when the wagons were captured, had his leg amputated and wilt probably die. If the invading party now prisoners at Fort MeKinnev is brought to Douglas under escort of the military, the party will be at least five days en route. The latest reports from the north are to the effect that Sheriff Angus now has about 500 armed men in the vicinity of Buffalo, who are represented as determined to prevent the removal of the prisoners from that county if possible. There arc no less than four places on the road, which are suited for ambush. Kuuth Carolina icepubllcunti. COLUMBIA, S. C, April 19.—The regular Republican state convention was called to order at 1 o'clock to-day by Hon. E. A. Webster, who said that the sentiment of the gathering was unanimously in favor of the renoinination of President Harrison, and a delegation to Chicago will be chosen in conformity with this sentiment. There are two Stopped mid (Started the Clocks. MKIK-KN, Cal., April 19.—Two distinct nho.':l:ii of earthquake were felt this morning. The first occurred at 2:47 o'clock, stopping the clocks. The seeonii shock occurred three minutes later, starting the clocks in the hotel again. No serious damage was done. A Houib Kvploslon. BAl/riJioUKvMd., April 19.—Tin; explosion of a bomb this morning in Harrison street wrecked the windows and doors of No. 177K, and broke the glass of the windows of seven houses or. the opposite side of the street. No one was hurt. Karthquak* Shocks. SAJ< ' FHANCISCO, April 10.—An unusually heavy earthquake shock was felt here shortly before 3 o'clock this morning, rousing people from sleep and from beds. The vibrations lasted nomo seconds.
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