•a > I 1 City Prepares for Christmas x"^ * Observance on This Week-End Christmas Falls on Sunday, But Holiday Will Be Observed Monday—Special Church Services— Goodfellows Raise Nearly $500 Christinas tolls on Stinduy this year, but the legal holidny will be observed OR Monday with the suspension of all local business. Special services have been arranged Sunday in the churches Hope posloffice, the banks, the stores and the newspaper will suspend service Monday. Postmaster Uobert M. Wilson announced there would be no city or rural delivery that day, and no window service. However, Christmas packages will be dclievercd by extra workers. Christmas Eve /inds Die Goodfellow.s •> Winding up the Wosl successful charily drive in many years, raising nearly $500, and busy Friday witli plans to distribute Christinas gifts to the city's needy. Previously reported S-I77.5!> Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Nichols.... 2.00 Mrs. L. A. Foster 1.00 Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Cobb 1.00 A. D. Thompson 2.00 Tolal §.(83.55 Meanwhile, the Negro Goodfellows organization, Ray Johnson, chairman, arid Chester Ycrgcr, secretary, announced lhal $49.75 had been raised by that, group, and the usual Christmas distribution would be made. 21 Pan-American Nations Reach a Final Agreement Pact Follows Words of Argentina, Suspicious of the U. S. A. NO NATION NAMED Aggression Opposed, Whether From Abroad or From U. S. LIMA, Peru.—(/P)—The 21 republics of the Western hemisphere proclaimed Thursday night their "decision to maintain and to defend" their continental solidarity "again.st all foreign intervention or activities." •Following more than two weeks' exhaustive discuasioiv tbey arrived a! n Unanmvou. 1 ! decision to declare their "common concern" in case the security of any American republic is threatened. .The declaration which finally was approved was drawn up by Argentina, which throughout the conference had insisted that no mention be made specifically of aggression from outside the continent. Argentina's emphasis of this point was regarded as a reflection . of her contention that the United t ' States some day might turn aggressor. Give Way to Argentina i Dr. Carlos Concha of Peru, chairman of the conference, said there were "no biisic discrepancies" between the Ar- 1 g4t\tine draft which delegates agreed || Upon and proposals submitted by oth- I *tv countries. t 'Argentina Wednesday night cast her otvh declaration into the conference and indicated it was up to the other nations to take it or leave it. This stand was taken despite that the 20 other republics, as Concha's statement indicated, had agreed to a majority declaration. Leaders of the delegations gathered in Concha's office Thursday morning for an effort to bring together the Argentine view and the document proposed by the United States, Brail and Peru. United States Secretary of State Cordell Hull probably saved the conference on the continental solidarity issue by telling the leaders that the Argentine declaration previously had /in approved by the United States ^legation despite hopes for something / .tronger. In any event, Hull said, the Argentine document wa spractically the same as the majority declaration and, with slight modification, would do. When one delegate offered the objection that this meant the surrender I of 20 republics to one republic, Hull was said to have totld them that all came to the conference to perfect American solidarity and defense and they could not do it by leaving out one important republic. He said he did not consider it a surrender to .subscribe to a declaration which contained the substance and spirit of the majority proposal. English Translation The official English translation of tho continental solidarity declaration follows: "The American republic declare: "First, that they reaffirm their con(Continued on Page Three) Detailed services at the local churches this Christmas 'Sunday are as follows: Some of the following statements are true. Some are false. Which are which? 1. The state of Ohio is known as mother of Presidents. 2. The cornucopia is the symbol of sarcity. 3. Ribald was a South American patriot. 4. The Crimean War is famous for the Charge of the Light Brigade. 5. A pygmalion is an Australian aborigine. Answers on |»njfo Two FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH \Vlllimn II. Hamilton, Pastor A Carol Cantata, sung by eighteen voices, and the administration of Baptism will be outstanding features at First Baptist church Sunday evening at 7:30. The Rev. W. R. Hamilton, raster, who will deliver his Christmas sermon at the Sunday morning service, will make a ten-minute talk Sunday night. "The Music of Christmas" is the title of the Cantata which will be sung by the augmented choir of First Baptist church Sunday night under the direction of Mrs. F. L. Padgitt. Tho program will be as follows: "O Come, All Ye Faithful" — The congregation. Prayer and offtring. Prologue to Cantata— the Choir. "Gofi's Best Gift"— The Pastor. "The Music of Christmas" —The Choir. The Ordinance of Baptism. Benediction. The public is cordially invited to these, as to all services at First Baptist church. FIRST METHODIST CHURCH At the morning service, Sunday, at the First Methodist church, the pas- totr, Rev. Kenneth L. Spore, will speak on the subject "The Birth of Christ." The hymns to be used in the service arc "Hark, The Herald Angels Sing," "Joy To Ihe World," and "Silent Night, Holy Night. 1 At the night service, 7:30 p. m., the program will be made up of the singing of Christmas carols and the telling of the stories of the selections sung. Church School and Y. P. meetings ar usual. FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH Rev. Thomas Brcwstcr, Pastor Our Sunday school and morning service will merge into one service which will begin promptly at 10 o'clock. The various departments of the Sunday school will meet at 9:45 to check class roll and make regular offerings. At 10 o'clock will assemble in the auditorium. There will be no second preaching service Sunday, but all of our people are urged to be present at tho II) o'clock service as this service will close around 11 o'clock so as to permit every one to have the greater part of the day in their homes with their families. Mid-week service Wednesday at 7:30 p. m. Those who have not as yet pledged to the Minister's Annuity Fund arc asked to hand same to the pastor or place the cards in the Morning Offering. We extend to all of our people Greetings for this Holiday Season. HOPE GOSPEL TABERNACLE • Bert Wcbli, Pastor The Gospel Tabernacle will combine the Sunday school hour with the morning worship service on Sunday morning and conclude the service at about 11:15 to enable everyone to attend the Christmas service and at the same time get home in time for the noon hour. The pastor, Rev. Bert Webb will deliver the annual Christmas message at the morning service. Sunday school has averaged over three hundred for the entire year so let everyone make special effort to bold this mark the last Sunday in the year. The regular evangelistic service will be held at 7:30 with the pastor preaching. Mr. Huel Oliver has arranged a special orchestra presentation beginning at 7:30 and lasting until 7:45. Several visiting 'nYusicians have been invited to play and those who are home for the holidays will join with the regular Tabernacle orchestra. Plan to attend the Tabernacle services on Christmas Day. UNITY BAPTIST CHURCH Sunday School 10 a. 'm'. Preaching 11 a. m. by Eld. E. S. Ray. Young Peoples Service G:30 p. m. Preaching 7:30 p. m. Prayer service Wednesday evening at 7 p. m. Come and worship with us. If you are not attending church anywhere come Sunday and worship with us. It is the last chance you will have to attend Sunday service this year. CHURCH OF CHRIST J. A. Copcland, Minister Hope • WEATHER. Arkansas—. Parly cloudy, Mmewhal colder in east and south portions Friday nifjhl; Saturday yenendlu fair. VOLUME 40—NUMBER 61 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1938 PRICE 5c COPY Daladier Upheld by the Deputies; Nazis Flay U.S. A. French Deputies Sustain Conservative Premier 366 to 299 NAZIS MUTTERING But German Press Marks Time as Hitler Considers Mr. Ickes Sunday Morning Services: Bible Lessons, 10 a. m. to 10:45. Preaching at 11 a. m. Evening Services: oung Peoples Bible Lesson, 6:30. Preaching, 7:30. The minister's subject Sunday morning will be. "Should Christians Celebrate Christmas," and "Christ, Our Example," will be the subject Sunday night. A cordial invitation is extended to all. PARIS, France.-i/T|—Premier Dala- dicr won a .smashing viclory Friday when the Chamber of Deputies, which almost overthrew him Thursday, approved the 192!) ordinary budget by ai over whelm ing 'majority. In an early morning vote the deputies passed the $l,7M,r>H7,440 budget, including the government's financial decree laws, by a count of HGti to 21)9. After tliis victory Daladier turner immediately to meet Italy's renunciation Thursday of the 1935 Laval-Mussolini agreement regarding Tunisia. New Itehel Drive ZARAGOZA, 'Spain. — (,'P) — The insurgent high command announced Friday that tho ,govonj.meat's front in Catalonia, northeastern Spain, had been broken in four places by tho first onslaughts of a new insurgent offensive. Dispatches reaching Bourg-Madame, .France, on the Spanish frontier, Friday said General Franco's Moroccans launched six separate attacks in falling snow and near-xcro weather against the government lines along the Segrc river near Tramp, but all had been thrown back. Jew Crisis in Hungary BUDAPEST. Hungary. — f/Pj — Hungary confronted Europe with a fresh Jewish problem Friday when Hie government placed before parlia'ment sweeping measures to restrict Jews' participation in the economic and po- litica llife of the nation. Hungary is obliged to protect herself "again.st possible infiltration of Jews" fro mneighboring countries with a population of 200 millions in which sharp anti-Jewish measures are being laken, Government Premier Bela Im- redi explained. Nazis Uidirule F. I). BERLIN, Gennany-i/I'i—The Na/i- controllcd newspapers ridiculed President Roosevelt Friday as Germany's officialdom and press awaited word from Chancellor Hitler as to the next move in the German-American tension arising from Secretary Ickes' anti- dictatorship speech. The press apparently had instrucfc- tions to mark lime on the Ickes affair until the government had had time to formulate its stand, follwoing Acting Secretary of State Welles' firm rebuff of a request for an official apology for the Secretary of the Interior's speech at Cleveland last Sunday. BERLIN, Germany—1/11—The Na/.i government Thursday night studied the United States rejection of Berlin's demand for an official apology for Secretary Ickes' speech last Sunday. One official said that the incident "evidently has become a .serious affair" and that it would be premature to venture a forecast of Germany's reaction. Berlin newspapers made no mention of the United States' action. The German Official News Agency carried no dispatches from Washington, but distributed a brief New York message that President Roosevelt bad visited Secretary Ickes Wednesday evening. An official statement may be issued Friday after the Foreign Office lias had time to study phraseology of the United States answer. Foreign Office circles earlier had disclosed that the Na/.i government through it charge de'affaires in Washington, had protested again.st the speech as "impudent and insulting." The Nazi press continued it.s invective against Ickes, whose name Lie- came a household word and a target of attacks in Germany when he refused to approve helium exports to tliis nation. Helium, non-inflammable gas, was sought for German dirigibles, but Ickes said be could not approve shipments to Germany because there were not sufficient safeguards against the (Continued on Page Three) '38 Business Marked by Steady Upswing Says John T. Flynn in Reviewing Year Production Gains Over Employment; Less Cut in Past Payrolls More Nearly Maintained in 19371938 Recession A RECOVERY YEAR Flynn Opens Series of Articles With a Note of Optimism What (he business year IBM will lie like, no man of course can tell. But John T. Plyiui, noted writer on economic topics, has assembled an impressive list of indications in a scries of three articles reviewing the past business year and looking ahead to the next. His first article iollows v ' -"•'.'. ,- '" ' j A Thought It Is only the fear of God that can deliver us from the fear of man.- Wilherspoon. By JOHN T. FLYNN The year just closed saw the end of that -period of decline variously called "depression" by the Republicans and "recession" by the Democrats. By whatever name called, it offers an odd case study in the business cycle. In the fall of 1934 there began that long and very marked rise in business which called a "recovery" and which continued up to the Christmas holidays in 103G. Altogether, it lasted 28 months It carried business activity from a level represented by the index figure 90 to 155. That upsurge is generally .supposed to have ended around March, 1937. My own calculation is that it reached its peak at Christmas, 193G, and never was, after that ,as higli again. The decline which began with 1937 continued right on into this year and reached its low point in February, 1938. It has been going up since then until, as the year ends, it is near 135. Now look these figures over and you will see something noteworthy. First, Ihe 1934-3(i recession went up fro'nv 90 to 155 in 28 months. Second, the 1937-38 recession went from 155 back almost to 90 (actually 92) in 14 months. It took just half the time to wipe out the recovery that it took to produce it. Third, the new recovery of 1938 began in February. In nine mpnths— February to November—business rose from 92 to 135. That is, in nine months business recovered almost all the ground it lost in -4 months. It rose almost us far as it did in 28 months in the recovery of 1934-38. It snapped back almost three times as fast as it did in the first recovery and almost twice ;us fast as it sank down.' Why did the tide turn in February. 1938? First, why did the ebbing tide begin in 1937? Because private invest- 'm'ent had completely failed, building construction had failed, prices had risen heavily and government tried to quit spending. The tide was arrested and started in again by the liquidation of prices and Ihe resumption of government spending. But private investment and building construction still lagged. Both improved a little but not enough to Ixj important. But in the movement of business during the year some important things stands out. First, in the recovery movement as production increased during 1934 to llKili. production rose higher than employment did, but not as high as payrolls. Now as the rate of production leelined. payrolls did not diminish .is 'nvuch as production and enither did employment. This was a favorable symptom. For that reason, however, employment has not increased in proportion to production this year. Production rose from 75 to 98—23 points. But employment increased from 81 to 90 or only nine points. This can be explained only on the ground that employers had not laid off dramatically as they did in the major depression movement before 1933. This Way have been due to new labor policies enforced by organized labor or it may have been the result Mr. Average Business Man's dream for 1939 ' 1934. 1935 193G _ _. "1937 1938 (Contini)prl on Page Three) orders piled so high lie hardly can handle fhcin. ©- JiK'M;A.M 1 JjA S 0 N "0 A chart of business activity. Mrs. M. Smith, 28, Dies; Burial Friday ' *• Funeral at 3 o'Clock Friday From Forrest Hill Church Mrs. Musette Smith, 28, died about 10 o'clock Thuhsday morning after am extended illness. Funeral services will be held at o'clock Friday at the church. Burial will b Forrest Hill cemetery. She is survived by siv sisters: Mrs. Joe Moody, Mrs. J. G. Moody. Mrs. J. A. Allen, Mrs. Sid Skinner! Mrs. Donnie Gibbons, Mrs. Vernie Coynes all of Hope and Mrs. Aileen H. H. Huskey Home From AAA Session 1939 Cotton Program Discussed at Atlanta (Ga.) Meeting II. H. Huskey of near Prescott, member of the Stale Agricultural Conservation Committee, returned Wednesday from Atlanta. Ga., where Forrest Hill j lie and other members of the coin- held in the I mittce and slate officials of the Agri- j cultral Adjustment Administration attended a conference of the Southern Division of the AAA. Representatives were in attendance from Arkansas. Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas, Mi.ss- i.'-uppi. Alabama, Georgia, South Collier of Stamps; five brothers. Law- [ - ( - ' :il '"hna, and Florida. son, Joe, Smith, all Ed, Bobby of Hope. etcher Kenneth Lemley Named a West Point Corporal WEST POINT-Caclet Kenneth McRae Lemley. class (1 f 19-10, United Slates Military Academy, of Hope Ark., was appointed a corporal in the Corps of Cadets on December Ifi, according to special orders rectnely published by Brigadier General Jay L. Benedict, Superintendent of the Military Academy. Cadet Lemley, who is the son of Mr. Harry J. Lemley of 32U South Edgewood St. Hope, entered the Military Academy in l!);iG. receiving his appointment from Senator Hattie W. Can-away. Befure entering the Academy, he attended the Magnolia A. & M. High School, Magnolia, Ark., and Marion Institute, Marion, Ala- bjama "'Ihe conference was instructive i.nd harmonious," Mr. Huskey declared in discussing the meeting. "A lot uf work was done and Confederate Home Expansion Is Hit Bailey Attacks Practice of Admitting Daughters of Veterans LITTLE ROCK—(/»')—Governor Carl E. Bailey said Friday that Arkansas faced the prospect of maintaining a Confederate home here for an additional 75 years or more unless the legislature amended the law which now permits admission of veterans' daughters to the institution. Describing the situation as a "painful problem", Bailey told a group of legislators that 148 persons arc now being cared for at. the home, only 18 of whom are Confederate veterans. Offer Utility Tax to Boost Pensions Clarksville Solon Would Put Special Levy on Gas Companies LITTLK ROCK—Representative Dan W. Johnston of Clarksville said Thur.s- ! day he would introduce in the I'J.'J'J ! empl legislature a proposal for taxing natural gas distributing companies operating in Arkansas to provide revenue for the stale to match federal contributions so as to pay §3(1 a month pensions to its indigent aged. Persons receiving old age assistance from the state Welfare Department now receive about $(> a month •ach. The federal government will Billion lor Teamed Shocking' by-.Virginia'Solon ''Administration W a n t s All it. Can Get," Says Noted Democrat PROMOTEJHOPKINS Roosevelt Makes WPA Chief His New Secre-' tary of Commerce WASHINGTON--!/!') —Catting suggestions for a oie-biHinn-dtilai' relief; appropriation ".simply shocking," Senator Glass, Virgnu Democrat, .advocated that the-relef problem be turned back to the states and clcs. "No one knows how much s needed for reief, but the admnstratbri wants all t-can get," sad Glass, veteran chairman lot the senate appropriations committee. Meanwhile,' 1 ( the .senate special committee-, on rrailroads recommended the creation'of the transportation board charged with, responsibility for regulating all modes of ti-anspurtauonr The comniiUee, coinpossd 01 tb'-ec representatives each "from railroad management and railroad labor, proposed a-Vcomprehensive program for the immediate rehabilitation'"'^ the camel's. The committee urged revision of rate-making rules by the ImeritaU. Commerce Commission. ;md (he substitution of n new rule "applicable tu all modes of transportation."' Hopkins for ttopc.r WASHINGTON- (,T, _ President Roosevelt Friday named Harry L. Hopkins to succeed Daniel C. Roper as Secretary of Commerce. Stephen Early, presidential .secretary, announced the appointment. He said Hopkins would be- sworn in at the president'! White Hou.se studv Salui- day. At the same time the pj-e.sident designated Colonel F. C. Harrington to succeed Hopkins as Works Pi-ogle-^ Administrator (.WPA). Aubrey Williams, deputy WPA administrator, will become National Youth Administrator (Ni'AJ. New ,\VPA WASHINGTON member.-; of cc.i.ni Friday th,M ih. pu-- cd WPA pro],.,;!,; in White count of a school b School. Union 1-011:1! teision.s to i],tat El Dorado. Hi t Buys 8 Aullov: For One H. RATON. N. M.- ( ,l>-Shenff B. Mitchell has had this one fra'nved: "Dear Friend: We. the undersigned prisoners, wish to express our sincere thanks and appreciation for the fine Thanksgiving Day dinner that you 4,'ave us. Again thanks a lot to one of the whitest men we know." It \vas signed by every prisoner in the sheriff's jail. am phases of the 1939 program disclosed. I enjoyed the association, l .,, lm . v.nh other commillcemen and officials f ullt |. ,:i Ihe conference and consider the is oik accomplished by the committee I-.-I.-.H i.illy beneficial." OI!RTS attending the conference fi'iin ArkaiisiiS were R. C. Branch of Pci-iin Point, chairman; Kit Phillips of Gravetie. committeeman; C. C. Willey of Altheimel, committeeman; C. C. Cox of Sluttyart. coinmiltceman; C. C. Randall of Little Rock, assist- ;:i.l cxteiiMion director and committee- ii:.in ;.ml J. B. Daniels, slate admin- i-ii,.n\v officer; J. L. Wright, head fu-lii officer; C. S. Dupree. state pcr- loiiii.iiire supervisor and E. \V. Cope- Inn.!. .Jr.. junior field officer, all o£ Little Rock. . many miport- j contribute up to §15 a month toward pensions for the aged, providing contributions are matched hv such stale herd of the .soldier harvesting 'hcidole, is larger than the rest - insect. Cotton NEW ORLEANS. - t,4'i - January jotton opened Friday at 8.42 and closed at 8.42. Spot cotiun closed quiet and un- •li.iii';i'd. middling SOD. Kstimating that enactment of h proposed bill into law would yield I :I;.U> "between $:!,t)()0.()l)tl ,,ni.l Sl.llllU.OUlM a year," Mr. JohiiMnn told Governor Bailey anil a group of lugi.slain|-.s with whom the chief execiitvie i-onlVired: "For oU years they have been piping in gas from Louisiana and Texas fields without paying our Mate a dime. We've been un.ibk- t.i luice (Continued on Page Three) Child ofCounty Agent Dies Here Olivia Adams, 4, Succumbs to Pneumonia—• Burial at Berryville Olivia Adams, -I, daughter of Conni.v Agent and Mrs. Oliver L. Adams, died Thursday. She had enniractod pneumonia, being ill aKiut 10 days. Her body was taken to Bi-iv\ vdle. Ait. . her I'onin-i- home, foi In i,,l. T OOKIKU FA -*- 1 MAS <rxi- U. S. sciMrii^r < gunboat P;,iu;y Landon ;ir::-.p.r- not choofi 1 t, 1 1 1 "Bci Mir Risr i. for seiisiUlivi.'l Radio funs !>;.:: West's "Adni:i a cast. . . . Ci' .1- England after '
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