Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas on July 4, 1903 · Page 4
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas · Page 4

Iola, Kansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 4, 1903
Page 4
Start Free Trial

THE lOLA ^EGISTEK. SATURDAY, JULY 4 1903. I; - Ribbon ^ dale Tuesday, Ju|i| 7th. We have "succeeded in creltiDfr another bifif lot of those handsome Ribbons in 40, 60 and 80 width, all colors. NiilT said. THE PEOPLES' STORE I I i I 1 a • V HOW TO MAKE OILED ROADS. Theodore F. ^Vliite, tlie California .oiled roail cxi)crf, Jia.s wn'acii an ar- Uqle on tljic siihjL'ct of oiled roads, In • whicli he nays: To build a .sal i .sfacforj' oiled road we must l)CRin at tho foundation. Tliis .sliould l)e well drained. But - there may lie niad.s over wet lan.1 .9 where it will lie neccsijary in order to secure a dry foundation, lo umler- drain it with tiling. What applies to a macadam road in tliis respect, applies to an oiled road. The oil after two or three applications will make a water tiglit covering on the surface of the road, but it is necessary to prevent the roadbed from becoming softened in winter by obsorbtion of too much moisture from below. This can be done on most roads by keeping the. side ditches well opened and clear, so that the storm water will soon pass off. In moist land it will be necessary to have the road bed well raised and . the side ditches of good depth. The Best Time For Grading. The best time for grading a road intended for oiling is in the late fall or early winter, so that the newly thrown up road bed will get the benefit of the winter rains, that it may settle, and with thorough rolls (a very important part of road building) at the time the dirt has the proper amount of moisture in it, becomes consolidated and hard. Tho surface of the road should be so shaped, suflicieiltiy crowned, that rain water will drain off soon •I after it falls, during the succeeding \yinters when it has become au oiled road. Tool much stress cannot be placed upon the importanco of thorough roll- liig. In the preparation of the^foad lied. It i .s heller done by a roller made up of narrow sections, rather than wide, that go down Into all the soft and uneven places, securing a homogeneous compactness. In the spring while there is still moisture in the ground, but after the rains arc mostly over, the road In^d. should be gone over again with grader and smoother, and if much dirt is moved with the roller, just before oiling, it should be again -smoothed up. If deep dust has bce;i formed cm the surface by this time the water carts should be put on, and tho road bed thoroughly drenched (not merely sprinkled), with water, so that all loose material is saturated .and some penetration of the moisturq secured into the firm material hojow. Then as soon as It ceases to bp sticky, smooth and roll. The surface of; the road just before oiling should be well crowned, so that raiu falling on tho surface after oiling will readily drain off. It should bo smooth and even, without holes and depressions, where water may lodge. If in this shape when the oil is put on, it will make a most excellent winter road the succeeding winter and thereafter as well as a satisfactory summer road,sraoblh, firm and dustles^. Application of Oil. After the drenching, smoothing and rolling, as soon ds the surface has dried out lo the depth of an inch or so, the oil is applied in quantity sufficient to mix with all the loose material on the surface of the road, nearly to the point of saturation, just short of leaving it sticky, after it has soaked in and been thoroughly mixed and sufficient to secure some penetration into the firmer material below. The above applies pahicplarly to a new road built from the foundation. It is often desired to oil a road that is already fairly well graded, and only needs some shapjng and smoothing. The same care and precautions should be taken in this as in the other. The oil serves to fix (in the sense of giving permanence to) the shape the road is in when the oil is put on. If there arc chuck holes and low places in the road when the oil is applied. It will lay the dust but the holes and low places will be there still. Such a road, if it cannot be i)roperIy shaped and smoothed before oiling, had belter go over lo another season; in the meantime, during the intervening winter, grading and preparing It for the oil covering, as It should bo done. In oiling a road that is in fairly good shape, except that there are occasional holes and loose places in.its surface, it is best lo go over these places with au application of oil and sand before oiling the whole surface, filling up tho iiok's and giving the loose places an extra (luanlity of oil. Let the Oil Lie. After the oil is put on by au appliance that spreadk it evenly over the whole surface, in the quantity desired it ia well to let It lie under the warm rays of the mid-day sun twol or three hours, without disturbing it, until it no longer shines but presents a dull, lust­ reless, black appearance. Then the mixer or stlrrlpg machine is put on and drawsi backwards and forwards, and if there is much loose material I it is well to also j go spirally or criss-cross from side to side, and up and down, until-the oil and loose road covering aro thjaroughly mixed. This is an important part of the process and thoroughness is essential for satisfactory results. If the road is of a loose sandy character, the oil will quickly penetrate it leaving no wet oil on the surface. If the road is for the most of a loose character, with firmer spots here and there, the oil may not be all absorbed on these spots, but a part of it remain on the surface. Sand must be sprinkled on these spots, which can be done with a shovel from a wagon conlaining sand, drawn along the road for this purpose. • If after tho mixer has finished, spots show up dry, that is, ^vn't enough oil on them, from there ibeing more than the average amount of loose material, more oil must be applied on these spots. This can be done with the attachment on the oiler. The additional oil can be .stirred into these spots wllh a rake having longer and heavier leeth than the ordinary garden rake. Different Kinds of Soil. : As touching tho different kinds of soil;.that arc susceptible to the oil treatment, we can say with entire confidence that all soils can be so treated with good results, from loose drift sand lo tight adobe clay. One exception must however, be made, a soil strongly impregnated with alkali. This Is better covered with some surface material before oiling, since the alkali unites with tho oil and forms soap, which dissolves and is washed away in the first rain.; In the case of sand the oil occupies the lliter.sticcs between the grains without adding to the volume, and holds it together, converting it into a solid rock bed. But it is different in the case of clay, whose particles are so fine and close that tho oil of itsolf cannot penetrate and permeate it; and when, after much stirring, the oil has become mi.xcd with the clay <lust the volume is increased, and a doughy, spongy mass is the result. As the lighter parts of thq oil evaporate and it becomes stronger in its asjihaltum base, thcj mass becomes firmer, but still remains more or less spongy. While the oil and clay dust arc being mixed there is a tendency of the .soil to ball irp and the mixing is d(;no with difficulty. San<l Is the remedy for this condition. According to our experience, the best way to treat su^i a road 1.-^ (when water can be secured) to soak the clay dust with water, then smooth and roll and convert it into a hard, sm.ooth surface. Then oil the sand as above explained. Miss l<ing, who has been here the last few days visiting her brother, Victor King, returned lo her home at Burlington this morning. aimipniim^nimminmpimmmnm^ STRAW For CatalOKUC Address C. T. »lTli, PrhicipaL Special Bargains To-Day IN Clothing, t1at ^9 etc; AT THE Mechanics Clothing |& Shoe ^ Wc will pat on sale evcty 50c .^traw fiat m the idotise ^ ^ ^ We 6ave tbem in all shapes and P ddced the price on ever^ gtade of p we know they will be of intei'est ^ they wont last long, iot we have pat p clean tip in a hutty. sta^aw to siloes. We have te- ^ hats so mach that 3 you. Gome early, ^ a price on them to 3 BARCLAY CLOTHING COMPANY Miss Alice Crosby is spending her vacaticm ai llio home of IHT SISRT, Mrs. K. 1. Crowfll souibcast of lo!a .Mr. and Mra. Crowd I have goiu' lo thi'ir old home in Ohio lo spcnil .the summer and Miss Crosby, who is In-j sirurircss in maihomnilcs In a schnol in Oklahoma, is running the ranch for a summer outing. \ Wanied—Men to learn-barber trade speciial inducements during summer months; largest and best equipped barber school in .Xmerica; firw wee'ts compk't(.>: expou.sos guaranteed while li'arniug: j).').silions serured. diplomas New catalogue freo. Kansas City Bar- IKT c(>n(>f,'<>. F. C. Bridg(>fonI. Prop. 50o Delaware St., Kansas City, Mo. 'I ARii: YOU SORE? USE Relieves Instiantly or* Money Rcfuncled. SUM Bi ^aJ ^BiAFING, Prickly Heat, insc ct Bites and - Stings. It Cools. It S <X3thes. It Cures. • Sold oaly in 2Sc., 5Cc. & «:.oo A Correction. lola, Kas.. July VMX Mr. Kdil<ir:: I see in this ovf-niir^'s papfr lln> account of Coo. I Aiyca slinotiug bis young wife and al.=;o sbnoiing himself. I only to say iliat li<* is no rclativo of ih(> Ptcfl<\-. His brnlhcr. .1. O.. married Miss Fla- vitla Steele, a half sister f)f Victoria Steele an»I myself. 1 h.ive also heard that it was .1. O. Alyea who did tlir; shoiitiug. He and my sister having srpartated and since married a very young girl. L. E. Steele. Remember tho "Our-Way" when hungry or thirsty. No. 11 East Madison, upstairs. Henderson & Powell's office. . Money to loan on farms or city properly. I. if. Kasbcer. Money to loan on farms or city property. I. H. Kasheer. For tin work go to Ira E. Patterson, 715 East 8tr20t. Tel. 53. Have you seen the latest reduction at Northrup's quit business s ^lo. ttJps. At all (r»xl DniREista. CHAS. B. SPENCER & CO., Idia, Kan sas, South Side Square, v. ngtiN -PKpor Your Linen Will Wear much longer if we launder it. Besides doing the best work, we pay a great deal of attention to the life of the linen. Our soaps, our . machinery, our methods are designed to do the very finest work with the least possible wear to the garment. If you are not a customer, call us up and let us call for a trial package. We'll sijrely please you. Patton's S Well Naitied Faint, j The practical painter says^ A j[ the man \v:ho storms at ^ the weather because the ^ paint on his house won't ^weather the storms, p^'Xcould Uveisa life of sun-^ '^jshine by using: ^ p Patton's SVN'PROOF Paint ijtn -Proof P.iint gives double the service of all -white- J lead or any ordinary paint. It is made of tli'c inost perfect combination of paint materi ils to stand the severest trial the sun and weather can give it, G aarauteeti to keep its glos^ and wear well i for five ye.-irs. "t^-*:* ^ ' Send for book of P liut Knowledge and Advice (free) to PATTON PAINT'CO.. , Lake St., Milwaukee, Wl«..^ FORSALpItv' T. B. Shannon, lo)l^,/Kansas G. L. Th» rent you pay will buy • better bouM than tbe one yoa .ar« .rentlng.i Coma aad ace ne. Real Estate. Loans and Insurjance. Up 51 Airs in|Turner BuUdlnt:. Ipla, Kansas t 3ccr0taqr for

What members have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free