Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 20, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, December 20, 1938
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John T. Flynn Says: By JOHN T. FLYNN NBA Service Staff Correspondent «,u-A PI ?r rC D lly ?? m ? ? C °'! le . aro sold on lho idca of the ncw trick bookkeeping wr! n i , ? rcs , ld .? nt '? l> Ifl y ln g with »» "«>er to abolish Uie deficit. Readers write to defend the plan. But they overlook a most important factor. ") The plan is to keep the govcrnmcn books In puch a way that nil expenditures tor the current operation o (he government would be put down as expenditures, but all expenditure.' made to increase the plant of the country would be called investmor, and not expenditure. February a Busy Month for 1938; Herr Hitler Roars Austrian and British Cabinets Shaken Up by German Threats' "LITTLE "JBtTsiNESS" Small Business Men Storm Capital and Hold Most Noisy Meet Chapter two of a i\lonth-l>y- mnnlli review of IIKI8. By VOLTA TOKKEY AP Feature Service Writer Last February, five years after the Reichstag burned, ex-Corporal Adolf Hitler had far more power than a knisor. But in Germany's churches and army there still were independent spirits. Of the generals, the star was War the Rev. Martin Niemoeller. Ho was tried for treason and loft in jail. Of the geenrals, the star was War Minister Von Blombcrg. He and a dozen .satellites were "busted." Simultaneously, Hitler shook up his diplomatic department and row rod at Austria and British Foreign Secretary Eden. In Vienna, Chancellor Schuschnigg promptly appointed u nazi, Arthur Scys/.-Inquarl, to his cabinet. In London, Prime Minister Chamberlain accepted Ede nation. Prophecy and Reality "I am no Trojan horse . , . Austria must be independent ... no further changes are fon-seen," said Sey.sz-In- quurt. And lie did not hand Hitler the en s resig- keys to Vienna month. the following "The peace of Europe," Chamberlain counseled Commons, "must depend on Germany, Italy, France and ourselves." And he set out to patch up, first, the rift between London and Rome over intervention in Spain, agitation among Arabs and 'piracy" in the Mediterranean. U. S. Secretary of State Hull, mean!{J while, denied Uncle Sam had any war alliances with John Bull. The Japanese refused to talk about battleships they were building. Chinese airmen bombed Japanese soil for the first time in history. Britain's $150,000,000 "Gibraltar of the Orient," the Singapore naval bs>*e, .was opened. Arrangements were' made—but not carried out—for selling U. S. helium to Germany. And congress was snowed under with arguments for and against more men-of-war. Little Men, Hut Loiul As doughty as miniature auto racers, 1,000 little business men met and those of them who could make themselves heard clamored: Losen credit lax chain stores, revive NRA, protect bosses, etc. Though accustomed, as Washington is, to public speaking, the politicians couldn't take it as fast a.s these vociferous visitors dished it out. A ncw AAA was created. The anti- lynching bill was shelved. Price controls, trade .super-highways, monopolies, equal rights for treaties women were debated. U. S. Steel renewed its pact with CIO. United Mine Workers expelled Bill Green, who was busy lambasting Labor's Non-Partisan League as a CIO "dummy" bent on forming a farmer-labor parly. And genial gents from Indiana threm a mammoth tea party for Paul V. McNutt, who was being talked up for the presidency. More children than usual had measles. Al Caponc was reported suffering from "mental disturbances." Harvey S. Firestone and O. 0. McIntyre died. Crime Marches On Tabloids told of the Paul A. Wright trial, in which a Los Angeles jury called the slaying of his wife and best -, friend manslaughter and ruled he was , insane at the time—and the killing of Dr. Charles H. Lee, 71 law-;<nd- order crusader, on St. Simons Island off Georgia's coast. And the crime of the month was the kidnaping of Peter Lcvine, 12, of Ncw Rochelle, N. Y., whose headless holly was found on the shore of Long Island souiid three months Inter. But the winter's "rent adventure sag.'i ended happily in February: Four Russian weather observers who had drifted southward from the North Pule for months on an ice floe were rescued just as their floe begun to crack up off Greenland's rocky coast. Anamils us well as human beings, are subject to snow-blindness. In other words, if a corporation spends a million dollars to run Its business and borrows a million to build a plant, that million is called an expenditure, but an investment. And so if the corporation has receipts during the year of ?1 500,000 then it will not be said to be in the- red because it spent $2,000,000 Half of this would be called investment. Fallacious Reasoning In the same way it is said if the government puts out money on its plant in such a way as to increase the earning power of the country, then the money thus spent should be called investment and not expenditure. In looking this over, the citizen should be careful to keep In mind the difference between the government and the country. They are not the same. The country includes .nil the people. The Government is merely one public agency set up to serve all the people in certain very limited areas. Everything that belonds to the government belongs to the people. But everything that belongs to the people does not belong to the government. If we were to keep a set of books on the business affairs of the people as a whole, the asset .side would include all the wealth; the liability side would include the total obligations. The income side would include the total income and so on. But when we are keeping books on the government the asset side includes only what the government owns and the libaility side only what the government owes. The income of government is what the government takes in; its expenditures what it pays out. £t is like a great public corporation organized to perform certain important services for all the people. It has only one source of revenue—taxes and penalties. However, the government may go into business. It may build a power plant and sell power. It may build and operate a railroad. In that case it has a profit as part of its income. It may lend money, as it docs in the R. F. C., and then it has interest as its income. Now when a government lends money and the loan is appraised as sound it is entitled to put that down as an investment. The interest will come to the government. The government can use it any way it wishes. Improvements Belong to the Owner But when the government performs some service for its citizens—as for instance when it helps farmers to im orovp t»r>ir land—the improvement in the land belongs to the farmers, not the government. An electric light corporation furnishes me with power The power enables me to make a great deal of money. But because my utility company helps me to make money, it will not be justified in putting down the increase in the viduc of my (factory as an asset, It is the same with the government. Of course the improvement in the farmers' land may enable the farmer to make more oney and thus enable the govcrnent to extract more taxes from him. It is iissumcd and it is a fair assumption that all government expenditures as a whole add to the value of the land and the taxable pro- tcntialilies of the population. A city builds a school and firchouse and immediately the land values of the neighborhood rise. But the city cannot add these land values to its corporate assets and include them in its books, even though it is able to tax more. All these government expenditures may be justified in the case of the school and fi rehouse, but that is no reason why a city should fool itself and monkey with its books to complete the delusion. ^Copyright, 1938, NEA Service, Inc.) lOOFamifelo Get Churches Aid Hope to Star VOLUME 40—NUMBER 58 - -"•"*— u •«"»/•»» •*!«* rr i/U'nisouu//, ifivuuuiy occasional ra/ins in so west luesday mgkt, and north and central portions Wednesday. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 20,1938 mldein PRICE 5c COPY DEATH DRIVER HELD Bailey Debates 3 Per Cent Sales Tax Proposal n W T • m « ~~ "~~"' ' """" —-"'•'• • Cotton NKW ORLEANS. - (/I') - January cotton opened Tuesday at 8.34 and closed at 8.45 bid, 8.48 asked. Spot cotton closed quiet eight points up, middling 8.55. Some of the following statements are true. Sonic are false. Which arc which? 1. Jean Valjean is the author of "Les Miserables." 2. A yawl is a tool used to punch holes in leather. 3. Billy Rose is 04 prize fighter. 4. The Armistice for the World war was signed in a railroad car. 5. The boundary between the U. S. and Canada is marked by more 1hr:n 5000 monuments. on I'age Ministerial Alliance Hears Reports on Its White Christmas In n meeting held Monday al the city hall the Hope Ministerial Alliance and a committee composed of representatives of the various churches of the cKy made reports of the "White Gifts" Christmas program held this past week in the several churches and planned (he distribution of the large quantities of food stuffs and clothing given by the hundreds of children and adults participating in these programs. More than one hundred families will be provided baskets of food and clothing by the "White Gifts" offerings from the several churches of the city. These gifts of food and clothing will be supplemented by toys, fruit, candies, etc., and in some extreme cases by additional clothing or medical supplies purchased by Ihe Goodfellows Club, sponsored this year by the' Young Men's Business Association. Committees fro mthc churches of the city are this week completing a iwsonal visitation and investigation "f ecah family whose name has been placed on the list, and the baskets of tood, clothing and Christmas cheer will be distributed on the day before Christmas. Participating in the collection and distribution of foods and clothing ajnd (Continued on Page Three) Says Using Tokens Would Hold Cost to Present Total But Governor Disclaims Advocating Either Tax or Token Plan SOLONS AT~PARLEY Governor Discloses Plan to Increase Driver's License Tax LITTLE ROCK—(/P)—Governor Carl E. Bailey expressed the belief Tuesday that a 3 per cent sales tax would increase the stale's revenues but would not cost the taxpayers an appreciably larger amount than now paid, provided mLllagc tokens were used. Emphasizing at his conference with legislators that he was neither advocating increasing the tax from 2 to 3 per cent nor the use of tokens, Bailey said the question was one for the 52d General Assembly to decide. Bailey indicated that the assembly would be asked to increase the 35- cent driver's license, the proceeds from which are used to maintain the State Police Department. Declaring it was imperative ; that the South fight for equalization of freight rates, Bailey said he would ask ; . an additional appropriation ol about §10,000 annually to expand the Corporation. Commission's rate, di- Winner in Every Way vision. Goering Discusses Removal of Jews German Confers With Director International . Refugee Office LONDON, Eng.-(/P)—Field Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Coering Tuesday invited George Rublee, American director of the international refugee office, to visit Berlin to complete German financial plans for getting Jews out of Germany. New Chinese Loan WASHINGTON-WP)—The Treasury, ignoring Japanese displeasure, extended more credits to China Monday. While the Japanese foreign minister, Hachiro Arita, was terming "dangerous" a $25,000,000 loan given China last week by the Export-Import bank, Secretary Morgcnthnu was renewing for an indefinite period an agrcpmenl to lend China undisclosed amounts of dollar exchange. With a bland "Who's at war?," Mor- genthau said that no questions of (Continued on Page Three) Had there been a beauty contest as well as swimming ship, 17-year-old Dorothy Heath of Long 3each Junior Collegev no doubtjvould have been a double winner.. She won the ~'~ ~ tMid-Wlnter Swim at Long Beach,. Calif.""" Christmas Handlers of Money Warned of Counterfeit Danger Here Are Some Tips on How to Distinguish Genuine Bills and Coins From the Counterfeit Products During the final rush of Christmas shopping, sales persons are so busily engaged in trying to help husbands and prospective husbands purchase suitable gifts for wives and sweethearts, and trying to help wives and sweethearts flo likewise, that they accept money without,giving it the usual attention lecessary to determine whether it is good or bad. A Thought It is as easy to decieve one's self without perceiving it, as it is difficult to deceive others without their finding it out.—Rochefoucauld. > MIND Your MANNERS T. H. Reg. U.-S. Pal. OB. Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then check against the authoritative answers below: 1. Would "I am glatl that you like it" be a suitable reply to someone who expresses delight over a gift which you have given him? 2. If you send someone a gift and do not receive a "thank you" note after considerable time, would it be all right to ask him if he re- reived it? 3. If you receive duplicate Christmas gifts would it he all right to ask one of the donors if he ,winds if you make an exchange? 4 V Is it a good idea to give a Christmas gift to your employer? 5. Is it correct to send a greeting to those" who are your office equals? What would you do if You receive a valuable Christmas gift through the main which has been badly broken in sending and it had been mailed by your friend and not marked "insured"? (a) Write to your friend explaining the situation? (b) Thank your friend and say nolhnig about the breakage? (c) Ask your local post office k> make it good? Answers 1. Yes. 2. Yes. 3. Yes, or do it without asking. 4. No. 5. Yes. Best "What Would You Do" so- lution—Xb); '1 served: 1. 2. good or bad. Passers of counterfeit money lake® advantage of the Holiday Season to pass spurious money and money hand, lers should excVcise 'nyore than usua caution. Genuine currency is printer on distinctive paper through whicl: tiny blue and red silk threads have been impregnated. This paper is made, exclusively for the Government. The plates from which currency is printcc arc made by very expert engravers and every detail is perfect. The portraits on genuine notes are very cleai stand out from the clearly defined lattice work background in most life-like manner. The border around the notet is formed of perfectly engraved scroll work and the entire printing is a tribute to the engravers arc. Counterfeits, on the contrary, are not so well printed; the lathe work in the border is usually blurred and the lines broken; the portrait is flat and "dead" looking on a background that is usually too dark and the cross lines of which are not distinction; the ink is usually off color on both the front and buck of the note; ana me paper docs not have the distinctive silk threads or the "feel" of the paper used by the government. The United States' Secret Service sends out warnings when ncw counterfeits appear or the old ones are cireulateil in this vicinity anil the notices usually refer to the chec-ls letter, fucc and back plute numbers, 'and to the color of the seal and serial numbers. Counterfeit i-oins arc ulso frequently (jrculated during the holidays. Genuine coins have a clear full "rins" when dropped on stone; whereas the sound given off by counterfeits is cither dull or "tinny"—like a piano off tune; also, genuine coins have the clear clean color of silver, whereas counterfeit coins have a "leuclish" or dark tint, and if silver plated, they look false as a lunch couner spoon in comparison with a solid silver spoon; also, a counterfeit coin, when pressed between the thumb and first and second fingers, feels, "soapy" and greasy and the fingers slip off readily, whereas a genuine coin will stick to the fingers when pressed against the fingers. Basil E. Newton, agent-in-charge, of the United States Secret Service, at Little Rock, Arkansas, asks that should a counterfeit be presented to a money- handler the following rules be ob- Goodfellow's Fund, in Stretch Drive, Climbsto $446.05 Only Three More Days in Which to Contribute to Fund KIWANIS~HAS PARTY Members Exchange Gifts, Then Donate Them to Goodfellows The Goodfellow's Christmas Cheer fund, now in the stretch drive, reached $446.05 Tuesday as an additional $27 in cash was reported. The Hope Kiwanis club held its annual Christmas party Tuesday at Hotel Barlow in which members exchanged gifts which were later sacked up and turned over to the Goodfellow's Distribution committee. Program Chairman Ched Hall was in charge with Paul Tolleson wielding the gavel in the absence of President A. W. Stubbeman. The' actual canvassing of the city came to an end Tuesday as the last committee completed its assignment and. reported funds. Persons missed and who wish to donate still have an opportunity by leaving their contributions at either Hope bank or the office of Hope Star. Previously reported ................ J419.05 R.'M. LaGrone, Jr. ' ...:.. ...... 1.00 P.-. H. Webb ................. .100 Mrs. P. H. Webb : .................. ..." l.'oo Mr. and Mrs, R. R. Gillespie 1.00 'N. T. Jewell ............................ ; ... I.QO Hamilton Hanegan ............... ' 1.00 C. S. Walker ............. 100 J. P. Duffie ........................... .' l.oo Mack Duffie ................................. 50 Herbert Griffin ............ ""!'."!!" .'so Tom McLarty .......................... " I.QO James William Cantley , .1.00 Mack Stuart .......... 1 00 E. O. Wingfield ...................... ~ 1.00 Cash ................ _ Cash ..................... _ ......................... Orie Reed .............. """"""""""' Ray Curnbie ................................ Ruth Fleming ................................ . R. L. Patterson ............................ 1.00 Miss Jack Porter ........................ I.QO Omar Williams ............................. 50 John Ridgdill ........................... 1,00 M. M. Smyth .................................. l.oo Mr. and Mrs. F. E. Cheney .... 2.00 G. T, Cross ... ............................. 1,00 Mrs. L, A. Foster ........................ 1.00 A. D. Thompson ........................ 2.00 25 ,25 I'.OO 1,00 A. E. Carter, Formerly of Hope, Dies Nashville NASHVILLE, Ark—A. E. Carter, aged 76, died suddenly at his apartment in this city Saturday night, of a heart attack. Funeral services were held at the Latimer Funeral Home Sunday afternoon at 4 o'clock, conducted by the Revs. Arthur Terry, Frank W. Patterson and Cecil Gammill. Mr. Carter was well known all over this part of the state, having been an active and well known business man at several points in Southwest Arkansas during his earlier life. He is survived by his widow, two sons, Fred of California, and Roy of Houston, Texas and a daughter Mrs. David A. Price of this city. Mr. Carter was a former Hope resident, having been a sales clerk at Hope Hardware Co. a number of years. O Mayor LaGuardia Hit by Assailant Former WPA Superintendent Cold-Cocks Mayor at City Hall Steps NEW. YORK-(/P>-Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia was punched and knocked down Tuesday as he was entering the city hall by a man identified by police as James Haga, 48, former WPA superintendent in the Pelham bay shops o£^,the city park depart-; ment. • •'• '••'" > 1 • " ':• ; Haga, beaten and subdued by spectators, was taken to a police station and charged with simple assault. The mayor was unhurt save for a red welt under his right eye where Haga's fist landed. Total The Ladies Specially ?446.05 Shop contributed a coat valued at ?5 which has bee nturned over to the Goodfellow's Distribution committee. Do not return it to the passer. Call the local police department or sheriff, who will investigate and .notify the Secret Service in Little Rock. 3. Delay the passer' under pretext until the police arrive. 4. Avoid argument with the passer; if necessary, tell them the proper authorities will handle the matter. •5. Write clown a description of the person if they leave before the arrival of police, and'the license number of the cur if one is used. G. Do not return the counterfeit to the passer. The United States Secret Service pays rewards for information leading to the arrest and conviction of counterfeiters. Alertness will protect many handlers from loss to themselves and may win a reward. When cashing government checks, be sure the person who offers it is known to be the rightful owner. 100 Youths Hurt in Riot in Burma British Police Charge Native "Anti-Imperialism Imperial" Mob RANGOON, Burma—(/Pi—A hundred students, including small boys and girls, were injured Tuesday when police made two charges to disperse "sit-down" strikers who were protesting against "British imperialism." The strikers, launching a civil disobedience campaign against the British-guided Burmese government, held up traffic by squatting in Hie streets and around government buildings. Farm Union Agent Gives Dire Threat Says Revolution Wouh Follow Retrenchment in Budget WASHINGTON — (/Pj _ w. M. Thatcher, national legislative representative of the Farmers Union, asserted Tuesday after a White House cull that any attempt to cut the government budget by 2'/j or 3 billion dollars "will furnish some exercise for the army." "There would be a revolution all over this country. People are going to cat," he said. Thatcher said he told President Roosevent that to halt soil conservation and parity payments to farmers, under the present price structure, "would destroy the administration and his party." Test on Co-operation WASHINGTON - (/Pj — Fifty-four prominent industrialists and financiers (Continued on Page Three) Long Municipal Docket Is Heart All-Day Session Is Held Monday by Municipal Judge W. K. Lemley Probably the longest court docket on record here was heard Monday by Mu nicipal Judge W. K. Lemley who con vened court at 9 a. m. and adjourned about 5 p. m. The following case were heard: Frank Dean, driving a car withou intransit license, forfeited $40 cash bond. Dave Williams, negro, murder, helc for action of circuit court withou bond for killing of Kate Adams, negro woman near Washington several nights ago. Jesse Cheatham, held for action o: circuit court on charge of assault with intent to rob Bill Marlar, Benney Jones, disposing of mortgaged property, held for action ol circuit court under ?300 bond. He was charged with selling a bale of cotton on which Mrs. C, F. Erwin held a landlord's lein. Henry McGill, assault and battery, fined $10. The fine and costs were remitted. Mrs. Pearl Cox, disturbing the peace fined $10. Notice of appeal given Bond was fixed at $110. Harvel Clayton, driving a car without driver's license, fined $1. M. E. Earner, drunkenness, forfeited ?25. Earner also was convicted of in- descent exposure and fined $25. Homer Malone, forfeited ?15 for operating a car without proper license. M. H. Webb, robbery, held for action of circuit court for taking $11.80 from George Stewart. Bond was se,t at $200. Lucy Ann Moss, petit larceny, fined $25 and sentenced to one day in jail for theft of purse, powder and slip from Morgan & Lindsey. Elwood Hatch, carrying a concealed weapon, fined $100. Notice of appeal given and bond set at $250. Hatch also faced a charge of assault and battery (Continued on Page Three) $49 in Prizes Is Offered for Best Decorated[Homes in City Three electric utensils worth a total of $49.20 are offered by the municipally-owned Water & Light Plant for the best decorated homes in Hope this Christmas—the second annual Christmas prize contest of the municipal plant. Prizes are: First place—A Mix-Master, value 523.75. Second place—An automattic double waffle-iron, value $17.50. Third place—An automattic electric iron, value $7.95. Homes to be eligible for these prirzes must be decorated by next Wednesday night, December 21. Judges will make the awards before Christmas. The rules are the same as last year--all decorations must be visible from tiie street, and must be lighted. Charles Briant, 19, Hope, Confesses in Crashing Two Charged With Manslaughter, Failing to Stop After Accident SIX IN DEATH CAR Prosecutor Ned Stewart Pushing Investigation of No. 67 Wreck Charges of involuntary manslaughter and failing to stop and render, aid after an accident were filed Tuesday in municipal court at Texarkana against Charles Briant, 19-year-old Hope youth, in connection with an automobile accident near Texarkana Sunday afternoon in which two persons were killed and three were injured. Prosecuting Attorney Ned Stewart said Briant made a personal appearance in Texarkana Tuesday morning and confessed he was the driver of the car which figured in the accident. Attorney Albert Graves of Hope accompanied Briant to Texarkana. Prosecutor Stewart said Briant was released under 51,000 bond for his appearance in the March term of Miller circuit court. Stewart said the charges in Texarkana municipal court would later be dismissed and filed direct with the Miller circuit court. Mr. Stewart said this step .was being.takenr to avoid an unnecessary preliminary- hearing and to save the state expense in bringing witnesses to the preliminary examining trial. Six in Car Riding with Briant at the time of the fatal accident were two other Hope youths, Douglas Westerman and Cecil Lamb. Douglas Westerman of Hope said three Prescott girls, whose names he said he did not know, were also riding in the car with the Hope young men. v Those killed in the accident were: Mrs. H. B. Monroe, 33, who died of a fractured skull; and her daughter, Miss Loraine Mallard, about 13, who died of a broken neck. Others injured were: H. B. Monroe, husband and father of the dead women; Mrs. E. Monroe, mother of H. B. Monroe; and Vernon Mallard, about 15 4 ' his step-son. Bodies of the two victims were sent from Texarkana to San Antonio, where funeral services were to be held Tuesday afternoon. The San Antonio family were returning home from Union City, Tenn., when the accident oc- cjirred. Douglas Westerman of Hope who was riding in the Briant automobile said the accident occurred about four miles southwest of Fulton on Highway 67. Traveling Same Direction Westerman said both cars were en- route toward Texarkana and when Charles Briant, the driver, attempted to pass the Monroe car a negro boy appeared on the left side of the road. Westerman said Briant swerved to avoid striking the negro and in doing so the rcai- right fender or bumper struck the front bumper of the Monroe car. .. Officers investigating the wreck said the Briant car failed to stop and continued on toward Texarkana. Prosecutor Stewart said the inves- (Continued on Page Three) 4 Shopping Days Till Christmas v^sRe-eN JOYING- •FIRST T COKING BACK TO CHRIST•^JIAS FOUR YEAKS AGO— Dionne quints enjoying first Christmas. . . . Legion of Decency launching campaign against film filth. . . . Flemington, N. J., becoming overnight boom town, on eve of Hauptmann trial. . . . Best seller: "So Red the Rose" . . . Charred hulk of Morro Castle being removed from New Jersey beach. ... It was merry season for New Deal, just upheld in midterm ejections.

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